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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1134209 02.10.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1134209
Titel Optisch-aktive Phosphatverbindung und deren Verwendung
Anmelder Tosoh Corp., Shinnanyo, Yamaguchi, JP
Erfinder Inanaga, Junji, Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka-ken, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60100634
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, GB, LI
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 09.03.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 011059201
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 19.09.2001
EP date of grant 27.08.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 02.10.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse C07C 39/14
IPC-Nebenklasse C07C 37/18   C07F 9/6574   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to an optically active binaphthol derivative and an optically active phosphate derivative, as well as their uses. The optically active binaphthol derivative and the optically active phosphate derivative of the present invention are expected to be useful, for example, as intermediates for the preparation of catalysts for various asymmetric syntheses, and the optically active phosphate derivative of the present invention is, by itself, a useful compound having a high asymmetry-identifying ability.

The optically active binaphthol derivative of the present invention and the optically active phosphate derivative derived therefrom, have not heretofore been known, and they are novel compounds.

As an asymmetry-identifying agent, a complex having europium as the center metal, such as Eu-DPM, Eu-PTA, Eu(hfc) or Eu(Tfc), or (R)-(+)-2-methoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl acetic acid, is, for example, commercially available.

Further, it is known that 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diol is useful as a chiral shift reagent for determining the enantiomeric purity of a wide variety of organic compounds. (Toda, F., et, al., Chem. Lett., 131(1988), etc.). Further, as an asymmetry-identifying element, 3,3'-(3,5-diphenylphenyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid is known (76th annual spring meeting of Chemical Society of Japan, 1999, 3C1 05).

The conventional agents employing metal complexes of e.g. europium, which are commercially available, may react depending upon the compounds subjected to asymmetry-identification, and their application range is limited. Further, (R)-(+)-2-methoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl acetic acid or the like has hydrogen bonded to sp3 carbon in the nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum analysis (hereinafter referred to simply as NMR), whereby depending upon the type of the compound subjected to asymmetry-identification, the chemical shift is likely to be overlapped so that the determination can not be made.

On the other hand, 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2.'-diol is an excellent agent having a relatively low reactivity with a compound subjected to asymmetry-identification, but its interaction with the compound subjected to asymmetry-identification is low, whereby it is required to be used in a large amount, and its asymmetry-identifying ability is not fully satisfactory.

Further, 3,3'-(3,5-diphenylphenyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid shows good performance as an asymmetry-identifying agent, but its ability is incomplete, and it has been desired to develop an agent having a still higher performance.

In order to solve the above problems, the present inventors have conducted an extensive study with an aim to develop a compound having a higher asymmetry-identifying ability and as a result, have found a novel binaphthol derivative as an intermediate and a novel optically active phosphate derivative as an asymmetry-identifying agent. The present invention has been accomplished on the basis of this discovery.

Namely, the present invention provides:

  • an optically active binaphthol derivative of the following formula (1) or (2):
  • a process for producing the optically active binaphthol derivative, which comprises reacting 9-anthryl boric acid with (R) or (S)-3,3'-diiodo-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl bis(methoxy methyl ether), followed by hydrolysis;
  • an optically active phosphate derivative of the following formula (3) or (4):
  • a process for producing the phosphate derivative, which comprises reacting an optically active binaphthol derivative of the above formula (1) or (2) with phosphorus oxychloride, followed by hydrolysis; and
  • an asymmetry-identifying agent comprising a phosphate derivative of the above formula (3) or (4).

Now, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments.

The binaphthol derivative of the above formula (1) or (2) of the present invention can be prepared by reacting 9-anthryl boric acid obtainable by a method known in literature, with 3,3'-diiodo-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl bis(methoxymethyl)ether obtainable likewise by a method known in literature using commercially available optically active (R) or (S) 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diol as the starting material, followed by hydrolysis to remove any protecting group. The obtained binaphthol derivative of the above formula (1) or (2) can be converted to the optically active phosphate derivative of the above formula (3) or (4) by reacting it with phosphorus oxychloride, followed by hydrolysis.

The conditions for producing the compound of the above formula (1) or (2) of the present invention are not particularly limited. For example, in a 1,2-dimethoxyethane solvent, in the presence of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine) palladium(O) as a catalyst and barium hydroxide as a base, (R) or (S) 3,3'-diiodo-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl bis(methoxymethyl)ether and 9-anthryl boric acid may be reacted for about 24 hours under a heating condition to obtain 3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl bis(methoxymethyl)ether, which is then reacted for about one day under a heated condition in a toluene/methanol/hydrochloric acid aqueous solution, to obtain the desired product.

The conditions for producing the phosphate derivative of the above formula (3) or (4) of the present invention are not particularly limited. For example, the binaphthol derivative of the above formula (1) or (2) and phosphorus oxychloride may be reacted in a dichloromethane solvent in the presence of triethylamine at room temperature for about 12 hours, and then reacted for about 12 hours in the presence of sodium carbonate in a tetrahydrofuran (hereinafter referred to as THF)/water solvent under a heated condition, and further heated for about 12 hours in an aqueous hydrochloric acid solution, to obtain the desired product.

In the processes of the present invention, there is no particular restriction as to the proportions of the reagents, the amount of the solvent, the temperature, the time, etc.

With respect to their applications, the compounds of the above formulae (1) to (4) of the present invention can be used as asymmetric elements for catalysts for asymmetric syntheses, optical resolution agents, packing materials for optically active columns and asymmetry-identifying agents in NMR measurements.

Now, an application as an asymmetry-identifying agent in NMR measurement will be described.

The optically active phosphate derivative of the present invention has no sp3 carbon, whereby its chemical shift will not overlap with a compound subjected to asymmetry-identification in the NMR measurement.

As a specific method of use of the phosphate derivative of the present invention as an asymmetry-identifying agent in NMR measurement, predetermined amounts of the phosphate derivative of the present invention and the compound to be subjected to asymmetry-identification, are mixed and dissolved in a solvent for NMR measurement, such as heavy chloroform or heavy benzene, whereupon the chemical shift is measured by proton NMR or carbon NMR.

Compounds to which the phosphate derivative of the present invention is applicable as an asymmetry-identifying agent, are not particularly limited. However, the phosphate derivative of the present invention shows an asymmetry-identifying ability against alcohols, amines, carboxylic acids and sulfoxides, which have asymmetry.

The amount of the phosphate derivative of the present invention to be used as an asymmetry-identifying agent should theoretically adequately be an equimolar amount to an optical isomer to form coordination, and a high identification ability can in fact be thereby obtainable. However, there may be a case where the identification ability will be further increased by using it in an amount of about 2 mols, as the case requires. Specifically, in a case where asymmetry-identification of a racemic alcohol is carried out, an adequate asymmetry-identifying ability will be obtained by an addition of only 0.5 mol of the phosphate derivative of the present invention. Usually, when a racemic alcohol is subjected to asymmetry-identification employing (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid of the above formula (3), the chemical shift of hydrogen bonded on the carbon atom bonded to the hydroxyl group or on the carbon atom adjacent to the carbon atom bonded to a hydroxyl group, is shifted more towards the high magnetic field side in the S-isomer than in the R-isomer.

The novel optically active binaphthol and optically active phosphate derivative of the present invention are compounds useful as pharmaceuticals or intermediates for their preparation, agricultural chemicals or intermediates for their preparation, functional materials such as electronic materials or intermediates for their preparation, catalysts for asymmetric syntheses, asymmetric elements for the catalysts for asymmetric syntheses, optical resolution agents, optical active column packing materials, and asymmetry-identifying agents in NMR measurements.

Further, when the phosphate derivative of the present invention is used as an asymmetry-identifying agent in NMR measurement, it provides a high asymmetry-identifying ability, whereby a simple and convenient method for measuring the optical purity can be presented.

Now, the present invention will be described in 'further detail with reference to Examples. However, it should be understood that the present invention is by no means restricted to such specific Examples.

Measurement of optical rotation

SEPA-300, manufactured by HORIBA, was used.

Measurement of melting point

MP-500D, manufactured by Yanako K.K., was used.

Measurements of 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR

JNM-EX400, manufactured by JEOL, was used (400MHz).

Measurement of HRFABMASS

JMS-HX100A, manufactured by JEOL, was used.

Measurement of IR

JIR-WINSPEC50, manufactured by JEOL, was used.

Elemental analysis

Carried out by Central Analysis Center of Kyusyu University.

EXAMPLE 1: Preparation of (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diol

Into a 200 m&litre; eggplant-type three necked flask equipped with a reflux condenser, a septum cap and a magnetic stirrer, 134 mg (0.12 mmol) of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(O), 2.8 g (12.8 mmol) of 9-anthryl boric acid and 5.5 g (19.0 mmol) of barium hydroxide octahydrate were charged. Then, the interior of the system was flushed with argon, and then a solution prepared by dissolving 3.64 g (5.8 mmol) of (R)-3,3'-diiodo-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl bis(methoxymethyl)ether in 50 m&litre; of 1,2-dimethoxyethane, was injected into the system through the septum by means of a syringe of 50 m&litre;, and 10 m&litre; of water was further added.

The obtained mixture was heated to 80°C on an oil bath with stirring and reacted at the same temperature for 24 hours.

After completion of the reaction, the mixture was cooled to room temperature and then extracted with ethyl acetate, followed by washing with a saturated sodium chloride aqueous solution, drying over magnesium sulfate, concentration and purification by silica gel column chromatography (hexane/ethyl acetate=20/1), to obtain 2.97 g of (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl bis(methoxymethyl)ether, as a slightly yellow solid (yield: 70%).

Analytical results

  • Melting point: 263-265°C
  • Optical rotation: [α]D17.7 +236.3° (c=1. 00 THF)
  • 1H-NMR(CDCl3) δ 8.53(s, 2H, aromatic), 8. 07-7. 88(m, 10H, aromatic), 7. 78(d, 2H, J=8. 79Hz, aromatic), 7. 64-7. 62(m, 2H, aromatic), 7. 50-7. 37(m, 10H, aromatic), 7. 22-7. 19(m, 2H, aromatic), 4. 25(dd, 4H, J=5. 38, 18. 58Hz, OCH2O), 1. 86(s, 6H, OCH3)
  • 13C-NMR(CDCl3) δ 152. 58, 134. 11, 133. 35, 133. 03, 132. 38, 131. 35, 131. 28, 130. 79, 130. 71, 130. 68, 128. 43, 128. 19, 128. 01, 127. 02, 126. 73, 126. 60, 126. 36, 125. 81, 125. 63, 125. 35, 125. 15, 125. 12, 98. 21, 55. 37
  • IR(KBr, ν cm-1)3051, 2995, 2964, 2823, 1622, 1492, 1444, 1429, 1389, 1346, 1320, 1232, 1203, 1160, 1094, 1071, 1032, 976, 921, 890, 844, 791, 739, 618, 538, 511, 476, 418
  • HRFABMASS m/z Measured value 726. 2770(M)+,
  • (Measured value C52H38O4: 726. 2770)

Into a 50 m&litre; eggplant-type flask equipped with a reflux condenser and a magnetic stirrer, 558 mg (0.77 mmol) of (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl bis(methoxymethyl)ether, 6 m&litre; of toluene and 3 m&litre; of methanol were charged and dissolved. Then, five drops of 12N hydrochloric acid were added thereto, followed by heating to 80°C, and a reaction was carried out for 24 hours.

After completion of the reaction, the product was extracted with ethyl ether, washed with a saturated sodium chloride aqueous solution and dried over magnesium sulfate, followed by purification by silica gel column chromatography (hexane/ethyl acetate=20/1) to obtain 450 mg of the desired product (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diol as a while solid of monohydrate (yield: 89%).

Analytical results

  • Melting point: 300-302°C
  • Optical rotation: [α]D17.4 + 198. 65° (c=1. 00, THF)
  • 1H-NMR(CDCl3) δ 8. 58(s, 2H, aromatic), 8. 11-8. 04(m, 4H, aromatic), 8. 02(s, 2H, aromatic), 7. 94-7. 23(m, 20H, aromatic), 5. 08(s, 2H, -OH)
  • 13C-NMR(CDCl3) δ 150. 98, 133. 88, 133. 03, 131. 46, 131. 39, 130. 80, 130. 73, 129. 24, 128. 66, 128. 52, 128. 44, 127. 75, 127. 37, 127. 11, 126. 14, 125. 31, 124. 82, 124. 24, 114. 49
  • IR(KBr, ν cm-1)3533, 3051, 2924, 2854, 1929, 1803, 1715, 1624, 1497, 1442, 1405, 1383, 1354, 1257, 1208, 1147, 1093, 1013, 950, 889, 845, 795, 738, 614, 541, 516, 468
  • HRFABMASS m/z Measured value 638. 2200(M)+,
  • (Calculated value C48H30O2:638. 2246)
  • Elemental analysis (%) Measured values C, 87. 92;H, 4. 98
  • (Calculated values C48H32O3:C, 87. 78;H, 4. 91)

EXAMPLE 2: Preparation of (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid

Into a 12 m&litre; round flask containing a magnetic stirrer, 76.6 mg (0.12 mmol) of (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diol, 1 m&litre; of dichloromethane and 0.18 m&litre; (1.96 mmol) of phosphorus oxychloride were charged in an argon stream and cooled to 0°C under stirring. Then, 0.41 m&litre; (2.94 mmol) of triethylamine was dropwise added thereto. After completion of the dropwise addition, the mixture was returned to room temperature and reacted for 12 hours.

After completion of the reaction, water was added, and the product was extracted with dichloromethane, washed with water and dried over magnesium sulfate, and then it was concentrated to obtain crude (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid chloride, which was used for the next reaction without purification.

Into a 10 m&litre; round flask containing a magnetic stirrer, the entire amount of the obtained crude (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid chloride, 8 m&litre; of THF and 1 m&litre; of a 2% sodium carbonate aqueous solution were charged, heated with stirring and reacted at 70°C for 12 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction product was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then, the obtained residue was washed with a 2% sodium carbonate aqueous solution.

The obtained residue was further dissolved in 8 m&litre; of water and 6 m&litre; of 6N hydrochloric acid and reacted at 80°C for 12 hours with stirring. Then, the obtained reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C, and the precipitate was collected by filtration and dried at 100°C under reduced pressure to obtain 58.8 mg of the desired product (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid as a yellow solid (yield: 70%).

Analytical results

  • Optical rotation: [α]D16.6 - 12. 10° (c=1. 00, EtOH)
  • 1H-NMR(CDCl3) δ 8. 19 (s, 2H, aromatic), 8. 00 (s, 2H, aromatic), 7. 92(dd, 4H, J=8. 30, 48. 34Hz, aromatic), 7. 71-7. 11 (m, 20H, aromatic)
  • 13C-NMR(CDCl3) δ 146. 48, 146. 39, 133. 80, 132. 63, 131. 33, 131. 17, 130. 88, 130. 80, 130. 71, 130. 64, 130. 24, 128. 46, 127. 82, 127. 42, 127. 33, 126. 87, 126. 09, 126. 01, 125. 79, 124. 95, 124. 79, 122. 32
  • HRFABMASS m/z Measured value 701. 1884(M+H)+,
  • (Calculated value C48H30O4P:701. 1882)

EXAMPLES 3 to 7

Into a NMR measurement tube, from 2 to 5 mg of the compound identified in Table 1 and 0.6 m&litre; of heavy chloroform were introduced, and 0.5 mol or 1.0 mol, per mol of the compound identified in Table 1, of (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid prepared in Example 2, was added thereto, and the measurement was carried out. The results are shown in Table 1.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLES 1 and 2

The measurement was carried out under the condition shown in Table 1 by changing (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid to 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diol. The results are shown in Table 1. COMPARATIVE EXAMPLES 3 and 4

The measurement was carried out under the condition shown in Table 1 by changing (R)-3,3'-bis(9-anthryl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid to (R)-3,3'-bis(3,5-diphenylphenyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl phosphoric acid. The results are shown in Table 1. Example No. Compound 1) Δ δ12) (0.5 mol added) Δ δ23) (1.0 mol added) Ex. 3 Compound

(1)
Ha

Me
0. 049

0. 049
0. 089

0. 089
Ex. 4 Compound

(2)
Ha

Me
0. 034

0. 023
0. 073

0. 046
Ex. 5 Compound

(3)
Ha

Me
0. 15 0

. 015
0. 28

0. 30
Ex. 6 Compound

(4)
Ha

Me
0. 10

0. 13
0. 19

_4)
Ex. 7 Compound

(5)
Me 0. 039 0. 077
Comp. Ex. 1 Compound

(1)
Ha

Me
0. 0405)

0. 040
Comp. Ex. 2 Compound

(5)
Me 0. 013
Comp. Ex. 3 Compound

(1)
Ha

Me
0. 039

_6)
0. 082

0.031
Comp. Ex. 4 Compound

(4)
Ha

Me
_6)

_6)
_6)

0.010
1) Compound (1): (±)-1-phenethyl alcohol: PhCHa(OH)Me Compound (2): (±)-1-phenyl-1-methoxy acetic acid; PhCHa(OMe)COOH Compound (3): (±)-2-octanol: C6H13CHa(OH)Me Compound (4): (±)-2-butanol: C2H5CHa(OH)Me Compound (5): (±)-phenylmethyl sulfdxide; PhS(O)Me 2) Chemical shift of the peak separated when 0.5 mol of the agent was added (ppm). 3) Chemical shift of the peak separated when 1.0 mol of the agent was added (ppm). 4) The peak was separated but overlapped with other peak, whereby no calculation was possible. 5) 2.0 mol of the agent was added. 6) No peak was separated.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Optisch aktives Binaphthol-Derivat der folgenden Formel (1) oder (2)
  2. Verfahren zum Herstellen des optisch aktiven Binaphthol-Derivats nach Anspruch 1, das das Zur-Reaktion-Bringen von 9-Anthrylborsäure mit (R)- oder (S)-3,3'-Diiodo-1,1'binaphthyl-2,2'-diylbis(methoxymethyl)ether und anschließende Hydrolyse umfasst.
  3. Optisch aktives Phosphat-Derivat der folgenden Formel (3) oder (4):
  4. Verfahren zum Herstellen des Phosphat-Derivats nach Anspruch 3, das das Zur-Reaktion-Bringen eines optisch aktiven Binaphthol-Derivats der folgenden Formel (1) oder (2)
    mit Phosphor(V)-oxidchlorid und anschließende Hydrolyse umfasst.
  5. Asymmetrie-Identifizierungsagens mit einem Phosphat-Derivat der folgenden Formel (3) oder (4):
Anspruch[en]
  1. An optically active binaphthol derivative of the following formula (1) or (2):
  2. A process for producing the optically active binaphthol derivative as defined in Claim 1, which comprises reacting 9-anthryl boric acid with (R) or (S)-3,3'-diiodo-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl bis(methoxy methyl ether), followed by hydrolysis.
  3. An optically active phosphate derivative of the following formula (3) or (4):
  4. A process for producing the phosphate derivative as defined in Claim 3, which comprises reacting an optically active binaphthol derivative of the following formula (1) or (2) :
    with phosphorus oxychloride, followed by hydrolysis.
  5. An asymmetry-identifying agent comprising a phosphate derivative of the following formula (3) or (4):
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Dérivé du binaphtol optiquement actif de formule (1) ou (2) suivante :
  2. Procédé de production du dérivé du binaphtol optiquement actif selon la revendication 1, qui comprend la mise en réaction de l'acide 9-anthrylborique avec le bis(méthoxyméthyléther) de (R) ou de (S)-3,3'-diiodo-1,1'-binaphtyl-2,2'-diyle, suivie par une hydrolyse,
  3. Dérivé phosphate optiquement actif de formule (3) ou (4) suivante :
  4. Procédé de production du dérivé phosphate selon la revendication 3, qui comprend la mise en réaction d'un dérivé du binaphtol optiquement actif de formule (1) ou (2) suivante :
    avec l'oxychlorure de phosphore, suivie par une hydrolyse.
  5. Agent d'identification d'une asymétrie comprenant un dérivé phosphate de formule (3) ou (4) suivante :






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