PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0859387 18.12.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0859387
Titel Niederspannungs-Leistungsschalter
Anmelder ABB Sace S.p.A., Mailand/Milano, IT
Erfinder Dosmo, Renato, 24030 Brembate di Sopra (BG), IT;
Curnis, Maurizio, 24033 Calusco d'Adda (BG), IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69726109
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 19.12.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 972040380
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 19.08.1998
EP date of grant 12.11.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 18.12.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse H01H 9/02

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a low-voltage circuit breaker having poles containing levers for opening and closing the contacts, with terminals protruding from the circuit breaker and an electric arc extinction chamber.

It is known that in low-voltage circuit breakers, for example those for rated currents up to 6000 A, high electrodynamic and thermal stresses occur in the event of faults or short-circuits. The supporting structure of these circuit breakers must therefore be very rugged and stiff and is usually made from metallic material. Moreover, it is known that electrical insulation devices are present in the circuit breaker in order to insulate the various phases or poles from one another and to insulate the live parts (or parts carrying current) from the metallic structure.

At the present time these electrical insulation devices consist of a complex series of protections or insulating barriers interposed between the live components (levers and terminals) and the supporting structure and between the live components of different phases. The supporting structures of the circuit breakers are made so as to receive several phases or poles and the control device for opening and closing the circuit breaker.

The dimensioning of the insulating protections has to take into consideration both the nominal working conditions and also the working conditions after many years of operation (with the circuit breaker soiled or fouled) and conditions which occur during a fault or short-circuit of the electrical line. However, the safety and electrical insulation characteristics provided for by the standards relating to personnel working near the circuit breaker and relating to the system in which the circuit breaker is connected must be guaranteed to be unimpaired for all conditions of operation of the circuit breaker.

The present-day make-up of circuit breakers demands very rigid phases of assembly. This poor flexibility in production is determined essentially by the fact that in the structure of the circuit breaker there are insulating bases for supporting the live parts made as structural monoblocs which cannot be subdivided in the production process into pre-assembled subgroups or more generally into homogeneous families of components which permit flexibility and rationality in the production phases.

It is not therefore possible to customize the circuit breaker only in the final phases of the production chain, rather it is necessary to provide different production lines for each model of circuit breaker. This poor flexibility in production demands large investments in space for the assembly lines, heavy employment of resources and a consequent low level of productivity.

One example of a known circuit breaker of the type of the preamble of claim 1, is disclosed in the European Patent application EP 0320412.

The objective of the invention is to reduce the drawbacks of the prior art, as listed earlier, and to simplify and rationalize the various constituent parts of the low-voltage circuit breaker and consequently of the production process.

A second objective of the invention consists in increasing the constructional modularity of the low-voltage circuit breaker.

A further objective of the invention is to improve the level of electrical insulation of the components carrying electric current while preserving high structural robustness of the circuit breaker.

The objectives of the invention are achieved by virtue of a low-voltage circuit breaker having poles containing levers for opening and closing contacts, with terminals protruding from the circuit breaker and an electric arc extinction chamber, where the levers, the terminals and the extinction chamber of each pole are enclosed in a casing of insulating material, the rear wall of the casing exhibiting openings surrounding the protruding part of the terminals, the front wall of the casing exhibiting an opening for the passage of means of connection of the levers to a device for controlling the circuit breaker, the poles being housed in a supporting and stiffening frame, characterized in that the casing of each pole is formed by two insulating half-shells of containment which fit together, and in that the supporting and stiffening frame has a modular structure.

In order to hold the poles correctly abreast and aligned, even in the event that high electrodynamic and thermal stresses occur during the operation of the circuit breaker, the poles are pressure-assembled with the supporting frame.

In order to enclose the poles in a rugged and stiff structure, the supporting frame of the circuit breaker is composed of flanks connected together by transverse bars and reinforcing cross-members.

In order to align the poles with respect to the supporting frame the half-shells exhibit through holes which receive transverse bars secured to the flanks.

In order to isolate the parts of the supporting frame from the poles, the transverse bars, inserted through the half-shells, are coupled externally with insulating tubes of equal length to the bars.

In order to house the levers and various sensors inside the pole, consisting of the assembled half-shells, there are hollows.

Advantageously, one hollow houses the levers and is in connection with an upper hollow which houses the electric arc extinction chamber.

Furthermore the hollow exhibits in the front wall of the pole an opening for the connection of the movable components to the device for controlling the circuit breaker, by means of an insulating link-rod.

To facilitate the removal of the extinction chamber when the circuit breaker assembled and to allow easy access to the live components, the extinction chamber exhibits a plane for bearing on the half-shells which is fashioned as an inclined plane.

In order to support the terminals in an accurate position, there are seats in the rear part of the body of the half-shells.

The upper terminal, in order to be locked in an accurate position with respect to the half-shells, exhibits a projection geometrically coupled with a groove present in the body of the half-shells and which delimits the seat thereof.

In order to avoid displacements in the event of high electromagnetic forces, the upper terminal is coupled by a screw means to the body of the half-shells.

To prevent the head of the threaded means from locally damaging the half-shells of insulating material, between the head of the screw means and the half-shells there is a plate.

To facilitate the assembly and disassembly of the pole, the head of the screw means is placed on an access indentation present in the rear wall of the pole.

To lock the lower terminal with great accuracy with respect to the pole, at least one connecting and reinforcing angle bar is provided between the body of the half-shells and the terminal.

Advantageously, one end of the fixing angle bar of the terminal is dynamically coupled to a groove present in the body of the half-shells.

A further advantage for easy removal is the fact that a fixing angle bar of the terminal is connected to the half-shells by screw means, and that the screw means are engaged in an insert having threaded holes, which is housed in a T seat in the body of the half-shells.

In order to house a current transformer in a protected manner in the body of the pole, a rear hollow is provided around the lower terminal receiving the transformer when fitted onto the terminal.

In order to lead electrical connection cables of the current transformer out from the pole in a protected manner, the body of the half-shells exhibits an opening in the lateral walls of the rear hollow.

In order to carry the electrical connection cables of the transformer from the rear wall of the pole to the front wall, the half-shells exhibit on their outside a groove extending from the opening of the rear hollow to the front side of the half-shells.

In order to isolate the current transformer, the rear hollow is closed by a panel.

Advantageously the panel exhibits openings for the passage of the terminals of the circuit breaker.

In order to make the data relating to the characteristics of the current transformer visible externally, when the circuit breaker is assembled, the panel exhibits an opening in the vicinity of a data plate of the transformer.

To improve the isolation of the live components, the front wall of one half-shell exhibits on the inside and longitudinally a groove and the corresponding wall of the second half-shell exhibits a projection which can be coupled with the groove.

In order to connect the poles to the supporting and reinforcing frame, the half-shells exhibit seats receiving mounting inserts exhibiting threaded holes for connecting the fixing means.

The advantages of the invention are to be seen mainly in the more rational and simplified construction of the low-voltage circuit breaker and in the consequent simplification of its production process.

A further advantage consists in the modular structure of each individual pole.

This modularity makes it possible to preassemble the pole on its own using the half-shells as support for the levers, for the terminals and for the electric arc extinction chamber. With the circuit breaker under operational conditions, by virtue of the assembled half-shells, the live components of a pole are insulated and isolated from the other poles and from the various parts of the clamping and supporting frame.

An advantage is the possibility of making the circuit breaker itself in a modular manner, provided with several poles. The modularity of the circuit breaker is obtained by using groups of elementary poles which are all identical and metal stiffening supports of variable length.

Advantageously the modularity of construction of the poles and of the circuit breaker makes it possible to use a smaller number of production lines and in particular lines of a highly automated type, in which the circuit breaker is customized only in the final phases of production.

A further advantage is that the circuit breaker is of high structural stiffness. Structural stiffness ensured by the frame formed by the joining together of the flanks, in the cross-members and the control set.

The subject, according to the present invention, will be described below in more detail and illustrated by means of an embodiment, given merely by way of example, in the appended drawings in which:

  • Figure 1 illustrates, in an axonometric view, a low-voltage circuit breaker devoid of its front hatch;
  • Figure 2 shows, in lateral cross-section, a pole;
  • Figure 3 shows the rear view of the pole of Figure 2;
  • Figure 4 illustrates, in an axonometric view, a half-shell for supporting and insulating a pole;
  • Figure 5 shows, in an exploded axonometric view, the constituent parts of a pole;
  • Figure 6 illustrates, again in an exploded axonometric view, the main constituent parts of the low-voltage circuit breaker of Figure 1.

The low-voltage circuit breaker is of known operation and make up, so that in what follows only the parts which are novel and essential for the invention will be described.

The main constituent components of the low-voltage circuit breaker may be gleaned from Figure 1. The circuit breaker is labelled 1 overall.

The circuit breaker 1 exhibits at the rear (in the direction of the arrow g) three poles 2 laterally abreast and clamped between two walls, forming abutments 3, 4 connected to transverse bars 5, 6, 7 and cross-members 8, 9.

At the front (in the direction of the arrow f) there is a known control device 10, operatively connected with the poles 2 and supported by the transverse bar 7 and by the cross-member 9.

From Figures 2, 3 and 4 it is possible to see the construction of one of the poles 2 of the circuit breaker 1.

The pole 2 consists of known live levers, labelled 24 overall, and terminals enclosed in laterally adjacent half-shells 20, 21 joined by geometrical coupling. The two adjacent half-shells 20, 21 exhibit two main hollows 22, 23 where the levers 24 and the terminals 25, 26 are received. The levers 24 are supported, by a seat 28' receiving a swivel pin 28, at the insulating half-shells 20, 21.

The levers 24 are in operational connection with the control device 10 (not illustrated) of the circuit breaker 1 by means of the insulating link-rod 29 protruding from an opening 30 present in the front wall (f) of the half-shells 20, 21.

The terminals 25, 26 are supported by the half-shells 20, 21. The upper terminal 25 is received in a seat 39 present in the upper and rear part of the half-shells 20, 21. This terminal 25 is connected to the half-shells 20, 21 via a projection 31 inserted into a groove 32 present in the seat 39 and via screws 35. The screws 35 fix the upper terminal 25 transversely to the half-shells 20, 21.

Advantageously, plates 36, housed in appropriate seats 37 present in the half-shell 20, 21, are interposed between the head of the screws 35 and the half-shells 20, 21.

The lower terminal 26 is received in a seat 40 present low down in the half-shells 20, 21. The lower terminal 26 is connected to the half-shells 20, 21 with angle bars. The angle bars 41, 42 are connected on one side to the terminal 26.

Advantageously the side transverse to the terminal 26 of the angle bars 41, 42 is inserted into appropriate grooves 43 in the half-shells 20, 21. Alternatively the transverse sides of the angle bars 41, 42 are fixed by threaded means to metal inserts 45 present in appropriate T wells 46 made in the half-shells 20, 21.

A sensor, for example a current transformer 27, is received by the lower terminal 26 and housed in the rear hollow 23 present in the half-shells 20, 21.

The hollow 23 is closed by a panel 50. The panel 50 has two openings 51, 52 into which are inserted the upper terminal 25 and the lower terminal 26 respectively.

The panel 50 has a further opening 55 provided in the vicinity of the rear lateral surface of the current transformer 27, to which the plate bearing the characteristics of the current transformer 27 is usually attached.

The panel 50 is fixed to the half-shells 20, 21 by screws 60. The screws 60 are connected to inserts 61, 62 housed in T wells 63, 64 present in the rear wall (g) of the half-shells 20, 21.

The lateral walls of the rear hollow 23 have an opening 65.

Advantageously electric cables, not illustrated, for connection to the current transformer 27 emerge from the opening 65 of the rear hollow 23.

With further advantage, on the outsides of the half-shells 20, 21 there are transverse grooves 70 traversing the entire body of the half-shells 20, 21 (Figure 5) housing the electric cables (not illustrated) of the current transformer 27.

The hollow 22 housing the levers 24 is in connection with an upper hollow which houses an electric arc extinction chamber 75.

The extinction chamber 75 is essentially of known type. The walls 76 of the extinction chamber 75 exhibit low down a projection bearing on a stirrup 77. The stirrup 77 is inserted laterally to the live components and is connected with geometrical coupling to the hollow 24.

The body 76 of the electric arc extinction chamber 75 bears laterally along an inclined plane 78 on the upper part of the half-shells 20, 21.

The body 76 of the extinction chamber 75 is connected to the half-shells 20, 21 by threaded means 81 connected to an insert 82 inserted into a T groove 83 present in the upper part of the half-shells 20, 21.

At the top, the extinction chamber 75 is closed by a cover 80.

On the front side (in the direction of the arrow f) of the half-shells 20, 21 there are inserts 90, 91, 92 for connection by threaded means of the cross-members of the supporting structure.

The inserts exhibit threaded holes and are inserted into T grooves 93, 94, 95.

Along the front wall of a half-shell 20 there are grooves 100 shaped to constitute a seat for a projection 101 (Figure 5) present on the opposite half-shell 21.

When the groove and the projection 101 are geometrically coupled they make a labyrinth which prevents the passage of the electric arc.

At the rear, in the central part and in the lower part, the half-shells 20, 21 exhibit two holes 105, 106 housing the transverse bars 5, 6 of the supporting frame, which are inserted into tubes 107, 108 of insulating material of equal length to the transverse bars 5, 6.

Figures 5 and 6 will be employed to describe a possible method of assembling the pole 2 and then the circuit breaker 1.

Using an insulating half-shell 20 as supporting base, the upper terminal 25 is inserted, from the inside of the half-shell 20, into its seat 39.

In this way the projection 31 present on the terminal 25 is inserted into the groove 32 preventing any movement of the terminal 25 in the direction of its axis.

The terminal 25 is subsequently fixed to the half-shell 20 by means of the screw 35 engaged in an appropriate hole present on the terminal 25.

The screw 35 is tightened against the plate 36 previously inserted into its seat 37 so as not to cause local damage to the insulating material of the half-shell 20. The screw 35 is accessible from the rear even when the half-shells 20, 21 are coupled.

The movable live components 24 are connected to the half-shell 20 by inserting the swivel pin 28 into the seat 28' present in the lower part of the central hollow 22.

Simultaneously the lower terminal 26, connected to the movable live components 24, is inserted into the seat 40.

The angle bars 41, 42 have previously been connected to the terminal 26. Upon inserting the terminal 26 laterally into the seat 40 the upper angle bar 41 is coupled dynamically to the groove 43 and the lower angle bar 42 is fixed by means of a screw to the insert 45 previously inserted into the seat 46.

The screws 45 are accessible from the rear even when the half-shells are coupled.

The inserts 61, 62, 82 necessary for fixing with threaded means the rear plate 50 and the electric arc extinction chamber 75 are then inserted into the seats 63, 64, 83. The inserts 90, 91, 92 necessary for connecting the pole 2 (consisting of the two half-shells 20, 21) to the supporting frame are also housed in the seats 93, 94, 95.

The inserts 61, 62, 83, 90, 91, 92, the shaped groove 100, the terminals 25, 26 mounted on one half-shell 20 and the swivel pin 28 for the movable live components 24 make guides for the second half-shell 21 which is geometrically coupled to the first half-shell 20.

Having fixed the terminals 25, 26 to the second half-shell 21 (in a similar manner to that carried out on the first half-shell 20), it is possible to insert the stirrup 77 and the extinction chamber 75 into the upper opening of the central hollow 22. The chamber 75 is fixed to the half-shells 20, 21 by a screw 81.

It is then possible to close the chamber 75 at the top with the cover 80, fixing it with threaded means to the body 76 of the chamber 75.

After having fitted the current transformer 27 onto the terminal 26, the transformer 27 is housed in the rear hollow 23.

It is then possible to close the hollow 23 with the panel 50, connecting it to the half-shells 20, 21 with screws 60.

Having placed abreast and aligned several poles 2, for example three for a three-pole circuit breaker as illustrated, the transverse bars 5, 6 (not illustrated) are inserted into the through holes 105, 106. The bars 5, 6 have previously been housed in insulating tubes 107, 108 of equal length.

After having connected the transverse bar 7 and the cross-member 9 to the front wall of the poles 2, the poles 2 are clamped between the flanks 3, 4. The flanks 3, 4 are then connected to the bars 5, 6, 7 and the cross-member 9 with the screws 150, 151, so constituting the supporting frame of the circuit breaker 1.

The operating shaft 152 is then connected to the insulating link-rods 29 of the various poles 2 and to the supports present on the flanks 3, 4.

The operating shaft 152 is connected to the control device 10. The control device 10 for opening and closing the circuit breaker 1 is connected by threaded means to the transverse bar 7 and to the cross-member 9.

The circuit breaker is then completed by connecting the cross-member 8 at the top, flank-cover panels laterally and a hatch at the front (these are not illustrated).

The coupling of the electric arc extinction chamber 75 with the half-shells 20, 21 on an inclined plane 78 makes it possible to dismantle the extinction chamber 75 even when the circuit breaker 1 is assembled.

After having unscrewed the connecting screw 81 it is possible to rotate the extinction chamber 75 along the rear side.

Removal of the chamber 75 allows access to the levers 24 without dismantling the pole 2.

The invention has been described with reference to particular and preferred embodiment, however it is not limited to what was described, but embraces the variants and modifications within the scope of protection as defined by the claims and which will be evident to a person skilled in the art.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Niederspannungsleistungsschalter (1), welcher Pole (2) aufweist, die Hebel (24) zum Öffnen und Schließen von Kontakten enthalten, wobei Terminals (25, 26) aus dem Schalter (1) und einer Lichtbogen-Extinktionskammer (75) herausragen, wobei die Hebel (24), die Terminals (25, 26) und die Extinktionskammer (75) eines jeden Pols in einem Gehäuse eines isolierenden Materials eingeschlossen sind, wobei die hintere Wand des Gehäuses Öffnungen aufweist, die den hervorragenden Teil der Terminals (25, 26) umgeben, wobei die vordere Wand des Gehäuses eine Öffnung zum Durchgang der Einrichtung zum Verbinden der Hebel (24) mit einer Vorrichtung (10) zum Steuern des Schalters (1) aufweist, wobei die Pole (2) in einem tragenden und versteifenden Rahmen (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) untergebracht sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Gehäuse eines jeden Pols durch zwei isolierende Halbschalen (20, 21) einer Eingrenzung gebildet ist, welche zusammenpassen, und dass der tragende und versteifende Rahmen eine modulare Struktur aufweist.
  2. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Pole (2) unter Druck mit dem tragenden Rahmen (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) zusammengebaut werden.
  3. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der tragende Rahmen des Schalters (1) aus Flanken (3, 4) aufgebaut ist, die durch transversale Stangen (5, 6, 7) und verstärkende Querelemente (8, 9) verbunden sind.
  4. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Halbschalen (20, 21) Durchgangslöcher (105, 106) aufweisen, welche transversale Stangen (5, 6) aufnehmen, die an den Flanken (3, 4) befestigt sind, wobei die transversalen Stangen (5, 6) extern mit isolierenden Röhren (107, 108) von gleicher Länge wie die Stangen (5, 6) gekoppelt werden.
  5. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass im Inneren des Pols (2), der aus den zusammengesetzten Halbschalen (20, 21) besteht, Hohlräume (22, 23) vorgesehen sind, wobei der Hohlraum (22) die Hebel (24) aufnimmt, und in Verbindung mit einem oberen Hohlraum steht, welcher die Lichtbogen-Extinktionskammer (75) aufnimmt und welcher in der vorderen Wand des Pols (2) eine Öffnung (30) zur Verbindung der Hebel (24) mit der Vorrichtung (10) zum Steuern des Schalters (1) mittels einer isolierenden Verbindungsstange (29) aufweist.
  6. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Extinktionskammer (75) eine geneigte Ebene (78) zum Lagern auf den Halbschalen (20, 21) aufweist.
  7. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der hintere Teil des Körpers der Halbschalen (20, 21) Sitze (39, 40) aufweist zum Aufnehmen des oberen Terminals (25) und des unteren Terminals (26), wobei das obere Terminal (25) einen Vorsprung (21) aufweist, der geometrisch mit einer Aussparung (32) gekoppelt ist, der in dem Körper der Halbschalen (20, 21) vorhanden ist.
  8. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das obere Terminal (25) mittels einer Schraubeneinrichtung (35) an den Körper der Halbschalen (20, 21) gekoppelt ist, wobei zwischen dem Kopf der Schraubeneinrichtung (35) und den Halbschalen (20, 21) eine Platte (36) platziert ist, wobei die Köpfe der Schraubeneinrichtung (35) auf einer Zugriffsvertiefung platziert sind, die in der hinteren Wand des Pols (2) vorhanden ist.
  9. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass zumindest eine Verbindungs- und Verstärkungs-Winkelstange (41, 42) zwischen dem Körper der Halbschalen (20, 21) und dem unteren Terminal (26) vorgesehen ist.
  10. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Ende der Verbindungs-Winkelstange (41) des Terminals (26) dynamisch mit einer Aussparung (43) gekoppelt ist, die in dem Körper der Halbschalen (20, 21) vorhanden ist.
  11. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Verbindungs-Winkelstange (42) des Terminals (26) mit den Halbschalen (20, 21) mittels einer Schraubeneinrichtung verbunden ist, und dass die Schraubeneinrichtung in Eingriff mit einem Einsatz (45) mit mit Gewinde versehenen Löchern steht, welcher in einem T-Sitz (46) in dem Körper der Halbschalen (20, 21) aufgenommen ist.
  12. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein hinterer Hohlraum (23), der einen Stromtransformator (27) aufnimmt, der auf dem Terminal (26) angebracht ist, in dem Körper des Pols (2) um das untere Terminal (26) herum vorgesehen ist.
  13. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Körper der Halbschalen (20, 21) eine Öffnung (65) in der lateralen Wand des hinteren Hohlraums (23) aufweist, wobei die Halbschalen (20, 21) weiterhin auf ihrer Außenseite eine Aussparung (70) aufweisen, die sich von der Öffnung (65) des hinteren Hohlraums (23) zu der Vorderseite der Halbschalen (20, 21) erstreckt, wobei der hintere Hohlraum (23) durch eine Platte (50) geschlossen wird.
  14. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Platte (50) Öffnungen (51, 52) zum Durchgang der Terminals (25, 26) des Schalters aufweist, und eine Öffnung (55) nahe einer Datenplatte des Transformators (27).
  15. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die vordere Wand einer Halbschale (20) auf der Innenseite und longitudinal eine Aussparung (100) aufweist, und die entsprechende Wand der zweiten Halbschale (21) einen Vorsprung (101) aufweist, welcher mit der Aussparung (100) gekoppelt werden kann.
  16. Schalter (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Halbschalen (20, 21) Sitze (93, 94, 95) aufweisen, die Montageeinsätze (90, 91, 92) aufnehmen, welche mit Gewinde versehene Löcher zum Verbinden mit Fixiereinrichtungen aufweisen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Low-voltage circuit breaker (1) having poles (2) containing levers (24) for opening and closing contacts, with terminals (25, 26) protruding from the circuit breaker (1) and an electric arc extinction chamber (75), where the levers (24), the terminals (25, 26) and the extinction chamber (75) of each pole are enclosed in a casing of insulating material, the rear wall of the casing exhibiting openings surrounding the protruding part of the terminals (25, 26), the front wall of the casing exhibiting an opening for the passage of means of connection of the levers (24) to a device (10) for controlling the circuit breaker (1), the poles (2) being housed in a supporting and stiffening frame (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9), characterized in that the casing of each pole is formed by two insulating half-shells (20, 21) of containment which fit together, and in that the supporting and stiffening frame has a modular structure.
  2. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 1, characterized in that the poles (2) are pressure-assembled with the supporting frame (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).
  3. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 1, characterized in that the supporting frame of the circuit breaker (1) is composed of flanks (3, 4) connected together by transverse bars (5, 6, 7) and reinforcing cross-members (8, 9).
  4. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 3, characterized in that the half-shells (20, 21) exhibit through holes (105, 106) which receive transverse bars (5, 6) secured to the flanks (3, 4), said transverse bars (5, 6) being coupled externally with insulating tubes (107, 108) of equal length to the bars (5, 6).
  5. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 1, characterized in that inside the pole (2), consisting of the assembled half-shells (20, 21), there are hollows (22, 23), the hollow (22) housing the levers (24) and being in connection with an upper hollow which houses the electric arc extinction chamber (75), and exibiting in the front wall of the pole (2) an opening (30) for the connection of the levers (24) to the device (10) for controlling the circuit breaker (1), by means of an insulating link-rod (29).
  6. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 1, characterized in that the extinction chamber (75) exhibits an inclined plane (78) for bearing on the half-shells (20, 21).
  7. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 1, characterized in that in the rear part of the body of the half-shells (20, 21) there are seats (39, 40) receiving the upper terminal (25) and the lower terminal (26), said upper terminal (25) exhibiting a projection (21) geometrically coupled with a groove (32) present in the body of the half-shells (20, 21).
  8. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 7, characterized in that the upper terminal (25) is coupled by a screw means (35) to the body of the half-shells (20, 21), between the head of the screw means (35) and the half-shells (20, 21) being placed a plate (36), the heads of the screw means (35) being placed on an access indentation present in the rear wall of the pole (2).
  9. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 7, characterized in that at least one connecting and reinforcing angle bar (41, 42) is provided between the body of the half-shells (20, 21) and the lower terminal (26).
  10. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 9, characterized in that one end of the connecting angle bar (41) of the terminal (26) is dynamically coupled to a groove (43) present in the body of the half-shells (20, 21).
  11. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 9, characterized in that a connecting angle bar (42) of the terminal (26) is connected to the half-shells (20, 21) by screw means, and in that the screw means are engaged in an insert (45) with threaded holes which is housed in a T seat (46) in the body of the half-shells (20, 21).
  12. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 1, characterized in that a rear hollow (23) receiving a current transformer (27) fitted onto the terminal (26) is provided in the body of the pole (2) around the lower terminal (26).
  13. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 12, characterized in that the body of the half-shells (20, 21) exhibits an opening (65) in the lateral wall of the rear hollow (23), said half-shells (20, 21) exhibiting futhermore on their outside a groove (70) extending from the opening (65) of the rear hollow (23) to the front side of the half-shells (20, 21), said rear hollow (23) being closed by a panel (50).
  14. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 13, characterized in that the panel (50) exhibits openings (51, 52) for the passage of the terminals (25, 26) of the circuit breaker, and an opening (55) near a data plate of the transformer (27).
  15. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 1, characterized in that the front wall of one half-shell (20) exhibits on the inside and longitudinally a groove (100) and the corresponding wall of the second half-shell (21) exhibits a projection (101) which can be coupled with the groove (100).
  16. Circuit breaker (1), according to Claim 1, characterized in that the half-shells (20, 21) exhibit seats (93, 94, 95) receiving mounting inserts (90, 91, 92) exhibiting threaded holes for connecting fixing means.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Disjoncteur basse tension (1) comportant des pôles (2) contenant des leviers (24) pour ouvrir et fermer des contacts, des bornes (25, 26) faisant saillie du disjoncteur (1), et une chambre d'extinction d'arc électrique (75), dans lequel les leviers (24), les bornes (25, 26) et la chambre d'extinction (75) de chaque pôle sont enfermés dans un boîtier en matériau isolant, la paroi arrière du boîtier présentant des ouvertures entourant la partie en saillie des bornes (25, 26), la paroi avant du boîtier présentant une ouverture pour le passage de moyens de connexions des leviers (24) à un dispositif (10) pour commander le disjoncteur (1), les pôles (2) étant logés dans un cadre support rigidificateur (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9), caractérisé en ce que le boîtier de chaque pôle est formé par deux demi-coques isolantes (20, 21) de confinement qui s'ajustent ensemble, et en ce que le cadre support rigidificateur présente une structure modulaire.
  2. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les pôles (2) sont assemblés sous pression au cadre support (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).
  3. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le cadre support du disjoncteur (1) est composé de flancs (3, 4) reliés ensemble par des barres transversales (5, 6, 7) et des éléments transversaux de renforcement (8, 9).
  4. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que les demi-coques (20, 21) présentent des trous traversants (105, 106) recevant des barres transversales (5, 6) fixées aux flancs (3, 4), lesdites barres transversales (5, 6) étant couplées extérieurement à des tubes isolants (107, 108) de même longueur que les barres (5, 6).
  5. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'à l'intérieur du pôle (2) formé des demi-coques (20, 21) assemblées sont prévues des cavités (22, 23), la cavité (22) logeant les leviers (24) et étant en liaison avec une cavité supérieure logeant la chambre d'extinction d'arc électrique (75), et présentant, dans la paroi avant du pôle (2), une ouverture (30) pour établir la connexion des leviers (24) au dispositif (10) pour commander le disjoncteur (1), à l'aide d'une bielle isolante (29).
  6. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la chambre d'extinction (75) présente un plan incliné (78) pour supporter les demi-coques (20, 21).
  7. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que, dans la partie arrière du corps des demi-coques (20, 21), sont prévus des sièges (39, 40) recevant la borne supérieure (25) et la borne inférieure (26), ladite borne supérieure (25) présentant une saillie (21) couplée géométriquement à une gorge (32) présente dans le corps des demi-coques (20, 21).
  8. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que la borne supérieure (25) est couplée, par des moyens de vissage (35), au corps des demi-coques (20 ,21), une plaque (36) étant placée entre la tête des moyens de vissage (35) et des demi-coques (20, 21), les têtes des moyens de vissage (35) étant placées sur une indentation d'accès présente dans la paroi arrière du pôle (2).
  9. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une barre d'angle de connexion et de renforcement (41, 42) est prévue entre le corps des demi-coques (20, 21) et la borne inférieure (26).
  10. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce qu'une extrémité de la barre d'angle de connexion (41) de la borne (26) est couplée dynamiquement à une gorge (43) présente dans le corps des demi-coques (20, 21).
  11. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce qu'une barre d'angle de connexion (42) de la borne (26) est connectée aux demi-coques (20, 21) par des moyens de vissage, et en ce que les moyens de vissage sont engagés dans un insert (45) muni de trous taraudés, logé dans un siège en T (46) réalisé dans le corps des demi-coques (20, 21).
  12. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'une cavité arrière (23), recevant un transformateur de courant (27) monté sur la borne (26), est prévue dans le corps du pôle (2) autour de la borne inférieure (26).
  13. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 12, caractérisé en ce que le corps des demi-coques (20, 21) présente une ouverture (65) ménagée dans la paroi latérale de la cavité arrière (23), lesdites demi-coques (20, 21) présentant en outre, extérieurement, une gorge (70) s'étendant depuis l'ouverture (65) de la cavité arrière (23) vers la face avant des demi-coques (20, 21), ladite cavité arrière (23) étant fermée par un panneau (50).
  14. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 13, caractérisé en ce que le panneau (50) présente des ouvertures (51, 52) pour le passage des bornes (25, 26) du disjoncteur, et une ouverture (55) placée à proximité d'une plaque signalétique du transformateur (27).
  15. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la paroi avant d'une demi-coque (20) présente, intérieurement et longitudinalement, une gorge (100) et la paroi correspondante de la deuxième demi-coque (21) présente une saillie (101) pouvant être couplée à la gorge (100).
  16. Disjoncteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les demi-coques (20, 21) présentent des sièges (93, 94, 95) recevant des inserts de montage (90, 91, 92) présentant des trous taraudés pour la connexion de moyens de fixation.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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