The invention relates to a portable power tool having a housing with
a rotation motor and a grease lubricated angle drive including a pinion and a bevel
gear located in a gear chamber and coupling the output shaft to the motor.
This type of tool is commonly used as grinding machines, power wrenches,
drilling machines etc. where a good accessibility in cramped working areas and/or
a good torque reaction control have high priority. However, a problem concerned
with this type of tool relates to a limited service life of the angle drive. This
is mainly due to a poor lubrication of the gear teeth of the pinion and bevel
gear. Several attempts have been made to cure this problem with more or less discouraging
Angle drives for the above mentioned applications are lubricated
with grease, supplied at the assembly of the angle drive and/or added at certain
operation intervals. What always happens during tool operation is that the grease
in the angle drive gear chamber is thrown off the gear teeth and is deposited on
the walls of the gear chamber. The result is that after a while no grease is left
on the gear teeth and there will be a dry gear teeth engagement. This is detrimental
to the service life of the angle drive.
One way of obtaining a satisfactory lubrication is to add a certain
amount of grease to the gear chamber at short intervals, either manually via a
grease nipple or automatically by a grease dispensing device originally filled
with a larger amount of grease. Even a dispensing device has to be refilled at
some intervals, though. When the gear chamber eventually after repeated supply
has been filled up with grease to a certain extent the angle drive has to be dismantled
for emptying and/or replacing the grease. Introducing extra service intervals just
for ensuring a good angle drive lubrication is undesirable since it decrease the
efficiency of the tool.
Another way of controlling grease application on the gear teeth is
to accomplish relocation of the grease already present in the angle drive gear
chamber from areas of deposition toward the gear teeth, continuously or at certain
Still another way of accomplishing an acceptable grease supply to
the gear teeth would be to fill up the gear chamber with grease to a very large
extent, which would avoid the need for repeated replenishing of grease for the
angle drive lubrication. Instead, another problem would occur in that a great
part of the grease volume would be in a continuous contact with the gear teeth
and be agitated to high temperatures due to viscous friction. That would result
in a destruction of the grease where lighter constituents would be separated from
heavier constituents, and the lubricating effect of the grease would be severely
The main object of the invention is to provide a power tool with
an angle drive in which extra service intervals are avoided in that the gear chamber
is originally filled with grease to a large extent, and in which the grease is
protected from being unnecessarily agitated to high temperature levels by the
Another object of the invention is to protect the grease in the gear
chamber from a continuous gear teeth agitation by providing a screen device in
a close vicinity to the bevel gear, thereby covering a substantial part of the
bevel gear teeth and preventing a great part of the grease volume from getting
into contact with and replenishing continuously the bevel gear teeth with grease.
This avoids hot agitating of the grease.
Further objects and advantages of the invention will appear from
the following specification and claims.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is below described in detail
with reference to the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings:
- Fig. 1 shows a longitudinal section through the forward end a power tool according
to the invention.
- Fig. 2 shows a side view of the angle drive and output shaft.
- Fig. 3 shows a horizontal view illustrating a grease screen device with a lateral
opening for the angle drive pinion.
- Fig. 4 shows a horizontal view illustrating the underside of the bevel gear
and a leaf spring element coupling for activating the grease relocating device.
- Fig. 5 shows a horizontal view of the forward end wall of the angle drive gear
chamber including a grease relocating device.
The power tool illustrated in the drawings is of the angle drive
type and comprises a housing 10, a rotation motor 11, an output shaft 12 arranged
in a certain angle relative to the rotation axis of the motor 11, and an angle
drive 13 coupling the output shaft 12 to the motor 11. The angle drive 13 comprises
a pinion 16 connected to the motor 11 and a bevel gear 17 secured to the output
shaft 12. The pinion 16 engages gear teeth on the upside of the bevel gear 17.
The output shaft 12 is journalled relative to the housing 10 in two roller bearings
18,19 and carries at its forward end a combined ball-type balancing unit and a
mounting device 20 for attaching a working implement (not shown) to the output
shaft 12. For supporting and securing the working implement there is also provided
a support disc 21 having a central splined opening 22 for receiving a matching
clamping piece (not shown) for engaging the working implement.
In a close vicinity to the upper end surface of the bevel gear 17
there is mounted a stationary disc shaped wall element 24 forming a grease screen
device. This wall element 24 is secured to the housing 10 by two screws 25 and
is formed with a central opening 26 for receiving the output shaft 12 and a sleeve
27 with a hexagonal opening for the output shaft 12, and a lateral opening 28 for
the pinion 16. See Fig. 4.
The angle drive 13 comprises a gear chamber 30 having a forward end
wall 31 supporting the forward output shaft bearing 18 and having a circular groove
32 concentrically disposed relative to the output shaft 12. The groove 32 has
a rounded V-shape and forms a circular movement path for a grease relocating element
33. A coupling device 34 is mounted on the underside of the bevel gear 13 for
activating and moving the grease relocating element 33 along the groove 32 at rotational
movement of the output shaft 12 and the bevel gear 17. This coupling device 34
comprises a leaf spring element 35 having a free end portion 36 which is pre-formed
to reach axially below the upper edge of the grease relocating element 33 (see
Fig. 2) so as to positively engage by its free end portion 36 the grease relocating
element 33 and move the latter along the groove 32 at reverse rotation of the output
shaft 12. The leaf spring element 35 is secured to the underside of the bevel
gear 17. See Fig. 4.
Before use of the power tool, the gear chamber 30 is filled up to
a large extent, for instance to 70-90 % of its volume, with lubricating grease,
and because of the grease screen forming wall element 24 a great part of the grease
volume is prevented from getting into contact with the teeth of the bevel gear
17 and is, thereby, prevented from getting into the engagement zone between the
pinion 16 and the bevel gear 17. This means that despite a high degree of grease
filling in the gear chamber 30 a small part only of the grease volume will be exposed
to agitation by the pinion and bevel gear teeth, and the temperature of the grease
could be maintained at an acceptably low level. This is of great importance in
order to avoid the grease from being destructed due to hot agitation and, thereby,
loosing its lubricating properties.
Despite the above described grease screen arrangement a lot of grease
will successively end up beneath the bevel gear 17, i.e. at a location where it
can not contribute to the lubrication of the angle drive gear teeth. This means
that the circular groove 32 in the lower gear chamber end wall 31 is filled with
grease. At reverse rotation movements of the output shaft 12, normally occurring
at change of working implement, the free end portion 36 of the leaf spring element
35 will engage the grease relocation element 33 and move the latter a certain distance
along the groove 33, thereby forcing some grease out of the groove 32 and up along
the side walls of the gear chamber 30. This means that some grease is returned
from the deposition area underneath the bevel gear 17 to the active gear teeth
Also at forward rotation of the output shaft 12 during normal operation
of the tool the leaf spring 35 will accomplish some slow movement of the grease
relocation element 33, because at forward rotation the leaf spring element 35
sweeps over the grease relocation element 35 yielding axially elastically under
a certain contact force and exerts a certain frictional drive force onto the grease
relocation element 35. This drive force is transferred via viscous friction in
the grease layer inevitably present between the two parts and is repeated at the
rotation frequency of the output shaft 12.
In order to enhance the driving force between the leaf spring element
35 and the grease relocation element 33 during normal forward rotation of the output
shaft 12 the grease relocation element 33 could at least partly be formed of a
magnetic material, whereas the leaf spring element 35 comprises a ferro-magnetic
material. Thereby is accomplished a magnetic pulling force on the grease relocation
element 35 each time the leaf spring element 35 passes the latter. Since the rotation
speed of the output shaft 12 is high there is a high frequency of pulling force
pulses, caused by friction or friction/magnetic action, acting on the grease relocation
element 35 resulting in a successive advancement of the grease relocation element
35 in the groove 32 and, hence, a successive relocation of grease from underneath
the bevel gear 17 to active lubricating areas.
The invention is not limited to the above described example but may
be varied within the scope of the invention as recited in the claims.