PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0800269 22.01.2004
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000800269
Titel Piezoelektrischer Resonator und elektronisches Bauelement unter Verwendung derselben
Anmelder Murata Mfg. Co., Ltd., Nagaokakyo, Kyoto, JP
Erfinder Unami, Toshihiko, Nagaokakyo-shi, Kyoto-fu, JP;
Inoue, Jiro, Nagaokakyo-shi, Kyoto-fu, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69726636
Vertragsstaaten DE, FI, FR, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 27.03.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 971053137
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 08.10.1997
EP date of grant 10.12.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 22.01.2004
IPC-Hauptklasse H03H 9/17
IPC-Nebenklasse H03H 9/58   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a piezoelectric resonator which uses the mechanical resonance of a piezoelectric member, and more particularly, to a piezoelectric resonator comprising a base member having a longitudinal direction, an active section composed of polarized piezoelectric member and constituting at least a part of said base member, and a pair of external electrodes provided with said active section.

The present invention also provides an electronic component using the piezoelectric resonator, such as an oscillator, a discriminator, and a filter. The present invention also provides a manufacturing method of the piezoelectric resonator.

Fig. 39 is a perspective view of a conventional piezoelectric resonator. A piezoelectric resonator 1 includes a piezoelectric substrate 2 having, for example, a rectangular plate shape viewed from the top. The piezoelectric substrate 2 is polarized in the thickness direction. On both surfaces of the piezoelectric substrate 2, electrodes 3 are formed. When a signal is input between the electrodes 3, an electrical field is applied to the piezoelectric substrate 2 in the thickness direction and the piezoelectric substrate 2 vibrates in the longitudinal direction. In Fig. 40, there is shown a piezoelectric resonator 1 in which electrodes 3 are formed on both surfaces of a piezoelectric substrate 2 having a square plate shape viewed from the top. The piezoelectric substrate 2 of the piezoelectric resonator 1 is polarized in the thickness direction. When a signal is input between the electrodes 3 in the piezoelectric resonator 1, an electrical field is applied to the piezoelectric substrate 2 in the thickness direction and the piezoelectric substrate 2 vibrates in square-type vibration mode (in the plane direction).

These piezoelectric resonators are of an unstiffened type, in which the vibration direction differs from the direction of polarization and the electrical field. The electromechanical coupling coefficient of such an unstiffened piezoelectric resonator is lower than that of a stiffened piezoelectric resonator, in which the vibration direction, the direction of polarization, and the direction in which an electrical field is applied are the same. An unstiffened piezoelectric resonator has a relatively small frequency difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the antiresonant frequency. This leads to a drawback in which a frequency-band width in use is narrow when an unstiffened frequency resonator is used as an oscillator or a filter. Therefore, the degree of freedom in characteristics design is low in such a piezoelectric resonator and electronic components using the same.

The piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 39 uses the first-order resonance in the longitudinal mode. It also generates due to its structure large spurious resonances in odd-number-order harmonic modes, such as the third-order and fifth-order modes, and in width mode. To suppress these spurious resonances, some measures are considered, such as polishing, increasing mass, and changing the shape of the electrode. These measures increase manufacturing cost.

In addition, since when viewed from the top the piezoelectric substrate has a rectangular plate shape, the substrate cannot be thinner due to restrictions in strength. Therefore, the distance between the electrodes cannot be reduced and a capacitance between terminals cannot be made large. This is extremely inconvenient for achieving impedance matching with an external circuit. To form a ladder filter by connecting a plurality of piezoelectric resonators in series and in parallel alternately, the capacitance ratio of the series resonator to the parallel resonator needs to be made large in order to increase attenuation. Because a piezoelectric resonator has shape restriction described above, however, large attenuation cannot be obtained.

In the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 40, large spurious resonances such as those in the thickness mode and in the triple-wave mode in the plane direction are generated. Since the piezoelectric resonator needs a large size as compared with a piezoelectric resonator using the longitudinal vibration in order to obtain the same resonant frequency, it is difficult to reduce the piezoelectric resonator in size. When a ladder filter is formed by a plurality of piezoelectric resonators, in order to increase the capacitance ratio between the series resonator and the parallel resonator, the resonators connected in series are made thick and electrodes are formed only on part of a piezoelectric substrate to make the capacitance small as well. In this case, since the electrodes are only partially made, the difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the antiresonant frequency as well as the capacitance is reduced. The resonators connected in parallel are accordingly required to have small ΔF. As a result, the piezoelectricity of the piezoelectric substrate is not effectively used, and the transmission band width of the filter cannot be increased.

US-A-4,503,352 discloses a piezoelectric resonator with a base member, two active sections and a pair of external electrodes. The active sections are polarized with the section between them being unpolarized.

A piezoelectric resonator having the features of the preamble of claim 1 is known from US-A-3,378,704.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is the main object of the present invention to provide a piezoelectric resonator having a small spurious resonance, a large difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the antiresonant frequency, adjustable capacitance and ΔF, and a large degree of freedom in characteristics design.

The foregoing object is achieved in one aspect of the invention through the provision of a piezoelectric resonator having the features of claim 1. Preferable embodiments form subject matter of subclaims.

The foregoing object is achieved in another aspect of the present invention through the provision of an electronic component having the features of claim 4. A preferable embodiment forms the subject matter of subclaim 5. Further, a cap may be disposed on the insulating substrate so as to cover the base member.

The foregoing object is achieved in a further aspect of the present invention through provision of an electronic component having the features of claim 6.

The foregoing object is achieved in still another aspect of the present invention through the provision of a manufacturing method having the features of claim 7. A preferable embodiment forms the subject matter of subclaim 8. According to the piesoelectric rezonator of the invention,since the frequency difference ΔF is adjusted by adjusting the inactive section, the frequency-band width of the piezoelectric resonator can be changed. In addition, vibrations in modes other than the basic-vibration mode are unlikely to occur in this piezoelectric resonator, and superior characteristics are achieved. Furthermore, since the capacitance of the piezoelectric resonator can be adjusted, it is easy to achieve impedance matching with an external circuit in a case when the piezoelectric resonator is mounted on a circuit board.

The piezoelectric resonator according to the present invention is of a stiffened type, and has an active section in which the vibration direction, the direction of polarization, and the direction in which an electrical field is applied are the same. Therefore, as compared with an unstiffened piezoelectric resonator, in which the vibration direction differs from the direction of polarization and electrical field, the stiffened piezoelectric resonator has a larger electromechanical coupling coefficient and a larger frequency difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the antiresonant frequency. In addition, vibrations in modes such as the width and thickness modes, which are different from the basic vibration, are unlikely to occur in a stiffened piezoelectric resonator. Furthermore, the capacitance can be adjusted by changing the number of electrodes which are used for applying an electric field to the active section, the distances thereof, and the size thereof. The frequency difference ΔF can be adjusted by trimming an inactive section provided or by adding mass to the section.

When electronic components such as an oscillator, a discriminator, and a filter are made using the piezoelectric resonator, the piezoelectric resonator is mounted on an insulating substrate on which pattern electrodes are formed and is covered by a cap to form chip-type (surface mount) electronic components.

According to the present invention, the frequency difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the antiresonant frequency is large as compared with a conventional piezoelectric resonator, and thus a wide-frequency-band resonator is obtained

Since a chip-type electronic component can be made using the piezoelectric resonator, it is easy to mount the component on a circuit board. It is also easy to achieve impedance matching between such an electronic component and an external circuit by adjusting the capacitance of the piezoelectric resonator. In addition, in a ladder filter formed by connecting a plurality of piezoelectric resonators in series and in parallel alternately, attenuation in the filter can be adjusted by changing the ratio of the capacitance of the piezoelectric resonator connected in series to that of the piezoelectric resonator connected in parallel.

The above-described object, other objects, other features, and other advantages of the present invention will be made clear in the following description noted by referring to the drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a piezoelectric resonator according to the present invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a view showing the structure of the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 3 is a perspective view indicating how ceramic green sheets are laminated in order to produce the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 4 is a view showing a laminated block formed by the ceramic green sheets shown in Fig. 3.
  • Fig. 5 is a view showing portions where the laminated block shown in Fig. 4 is cut.
  • Fig. 6 is a view showing a plate-shaped block made by cutting the laminated block shown in Fig. 5.
  • Fig. 7 is a view showing the condition in which a resin insulating material is applied to the plate-shaped block shown in Fig. 6 and external electrodes are formed.
  • Fig. 8 is a perspective view of an unstiffened piezoelectric resonator which vibrates in the longitudinal direction, which is shown for comparison.
  • Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a stiffened piezoelectric resonator which vibrates in the longitudinal direction.
  • Fig. 10 is a perspective view of an unstiffened piezoelectric resonator which vibrates in the plane direction (square-type vibration), which is shown for comparison.
  • Fig. 11 is a chart showing the relationship between the frequency and the impedance of the piezoelectric resonator according to the present invention.
  • Fig. 12 is a chart showing the relationship between the frequency and the impedance of a conventional piezoelectric resonator.
  • Fig. 13 is a view of a piezoelectric resonator in which the distribution of an active section and inactive sections is changed in a base member.
  • Fig. 14 is a chart indicating the relationship between the distribution of an active section and capacitance, and ΔF/Fa.
  • Fig. 15 is a chart showing the relationship between an active-section ratio and ΔF.
  • Fig. 16 is a view showing a modified piezoelectric resonator according to the present invention.
  • Fig. 17 is a view showing another modified piezoelectric resonator according to the present invention.
  • Fig. 18 is a view showing still another piezoelectric resonator according to the present invention.
  • Fig. 19 is a view indicating the gap between the end of an internal electrode and a side face of a base member in the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 18.
  • Fig. 20 is a chart indicating the relationships between the capacitance and ΔF, and the gap between an internal electrode and a side face of the base member.
  • Fig. 21 is a plan showing modified piezoelectric layers of the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 18.
  • Fig. 22 is a view showing a piezoelectric resonator having the piezoelectric layers shown in Fig. 21.
  • Fig. 23 is a view showing a modified inactive section of a piezoelectric resonator.
  • Fig. 24 is a view showing another modified inactive section of a piezoelectric resonator.
  • Fig. 25 is a view showing an electrode formed at an end of a base member.
  • Fig. 26 is a perspective view of an electronic component using the above-described piezoelectric resonator.
  • Fig. 27 is a perspective view of an insulating substrate used in the electronic component shown in Fig. 26.
  • Fig. 28 is an exploded perspective view of the electronic component shown in Fig. 26.
  • Fig. 29 is a view indicating another method for mounting the piezoelectric resonator to the insulating substrate.
  • Fig. 30 is a side view showing the method for mounting the piezoelectric resonator, shown in Fig. 29.
  • Fig. 31 is a view indicating still another method for mounting the piezoelectric resonator to the insulating substrate.
  • Fig. 32 is a side view showing the method for mounting the piezoelectric resonator, shown in Fig. 31.
  • Fig. 33 is an exploded perspective view of a ladder filter using the piezoelectric resonators according to the present invention.
  • Fig. 34 is a perspective view of an insulating substrate and the piezoelectric resonators in the ladder filter shown in Fig. 33.
  • Fig. 35 is an equivalent circuit diagram of the ladder filter shown in Fig. 33.
  • Fig. 36 is a view showing an electronic component in which a piezoelectric resonator having different-shaped external electrodes is mounted on an insulating substrate.
  • Fig. 37 is an exploded perspective view of a two-terminal electronic component.
  • Fig. 38 is a chart indicating the relationship between Cf and ΔF/Fa, and other parameters.
  • Fig. 39 is a view of a conventional unstiffened piezoelectric resonator.
  • Fig. 40 is a view of another conventional unstiffened piezoelectric resonator.

DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a piezoelectric resonator according to an embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 2 shows the internal structure of the piezoelectric resonator. The piezoelectric resonator 10 includes a base member 12 having, for example, a cubic shape. The base member 12 is made from, for example, a piezoelectric, ceramic material. A plurality of electrodes 14 is formed in the base member 12 such that the surfaces of the electrodes 14 are perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the base member 12. The base member 12 is polarized in the longitudinal direction such that the directions of polarization oppose each other at both sides of one electrode 14.

On the opposing side faces of the base member 12, a plurality of insulating films 16 and 18 is formed, respectively. On one side face of the base member 12, the insulating film 16 covers the exposed section of every other electrode 14. On the other side face of the base member 12, the insulating film 18 covers the exposed section of every other electrode 14 not covered by the insulating film 16 on the above-described side face. However, some electrodes 14 disposed near both ends of the base member 12 are successively covered by the insulating film 16 and 18. In this embodiment, three consecutive electrodes 14 from each end of the base member 12 are covered by the insulating film 16, and two consecutive electrodes 14 from each end of the base member 12 are covered by the insulating film 18. The side faces of the base member 12 on which the insulating film 16 and 18 is formed serve as connection sections to external electrodes, which will be described later.

In these connection sections, namely, the side faces of the base member 12 on which the insulating films 16 and 18 are formed, external electrodes 20 and 22 are formed. The electrode 20 connects to electrodes 14 which are not covered by the insulating film 16, and the electrode 22 connects to electrodes 14 which are not covered by the insulating film 18. In other words, two adjacent electrodes 14 are connected to the electrodes 20 and 22, respectively, except that some of the electrodes 14 disposed at both ends of the base member 12 are not connected to the external electrodes 20 and 22.

The piezoelectric resonator 10 uses the external electrodes 20 and 22 as input and output electrodes. At the center of the base member 12, the base member 12 is piezoelectrically active because an electric field is applied between adjacent electrodes 14. The base member 12 is piezoelectrically inactive at both ends because an electric field is not applied between adjacent electrodes 14 since the electrodes 14 are insulated. Therefore, an active section 24 for input signals is formed at the center of the base member 12 as shown by hatching in Fig. 2. Inactive sections 26 for input signals are also formed at both ends of the base member 12.

To make the piezoelectric resonator 10, green sheets 30 made from piezoelectric ceramic are first prepared as shown in Fig. 3. On one surface of each green sheet 30, electrically conductive paste including, for example, silver, palladium, and an organic binder, is applied to form an electrically conductive paste layer 32 over almost the entire area of each green sheet 30 excluding an end portion. A plurality of green sheets 30 is laminated such that the end portions where the electrically conductive paste layers 32 are not formed on the green sheets are placed alternately in opposite directions. The laminated member with electrically conductive paste applied to opposite side faces is baked to form a laminated block 34 shown in Fig. 4.

The laminated block 34 has a plurality of internal electrodes 36, which have been made by baking the electrically conductive layers 32. External electrodes 38 and 40 formed on opposite side faces are connected to every other internal electrode 36, respectively, since the internal electrodes 36 are alternately exposed on opposite side faces of the laminated block 34. When a DC voltage is applied to the external electrodes 38 and 40, the laminated block 34 is polarized. Inside the laminated block 34, a high DC electric field is applied between adjacent internal electrodes 36 alternately in opposite directions. Therefore, the laminated block 34 is polarized in the opposite directions at both sides of the internal electrodes 36 as shown by arrows in Fig. 4.

The laminated block 34 is surface-ground to the desired thickness since the antiresonant frequency of the resonator is determined by the thickness of the laminated block 34. The laminated block 34 is cut by a dicing machine along dotted lines shown in Fig. 5 such that the cutting planes are perpendicular to the plurality of internal electrodes 36. Then, a plate-shaped block 42 shown in Fig. 6 is obtained. A resin insulating material 44 is applied to both surfaces of the plate-shaped block 42 as shown in Fig. 7 such that the material 44 is applied to every other internal electrode 36 on one surface and every other internal electrode 36 to which the material 44 is not applied, on the other surface. At both ends of the plate-shaped block 42, the resin insulating material 44 is applied to the internal electrodes 36 collectively. External electrodes 48 are formed on the plate-shaped block 42. Then, the resultant block is cut perpendicularly to the internal electrodes 36 to form the piezoelectric resonator 10 shown in Fig. 1.

When a signal is applied to the external electrodes 20 and 22 in the piezoelectric resonator 10, since voltages are applied in opposite directions to the polarization of the piezoelectric layers in the active section 24, the piezoelectric layers expand and contract in the same direction as a whole. Therefore, the piezoelectric resonator 10 vibrates in the longitudinal direction in basic mode, in which the center of the base member 12 is served as a node.

In the piezoelectric resonator 10, the polarization direction of the active section 24, the applied electric field direction due to a signal, and the direction of vibration in the active section 24 are all the same. In other words, the piezoelectric resonator 10 is of stiffened type. The stiffened piezoelectric resonator 10 has a larger electromagnetic coupling coefficient than an unstiffened piezoelectric resonator, in which the direction of vibration differs from the direction of polarization and electric field. Therefore, the piezoelectric resonator 10 has a larger frequency difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the antiresonant frequency than the conventional piezoelectric resonator. This means that the piezoelectric resonator 10 obtains wide-frequency-band characteristics.

To measure differences between stiffened and unstiffened piezoelectric resonators, piezoelectric resonators shown in Figs. 8, 9, and 10 were made. The piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 8 was made by forming electrodes on both surfaces in the thickness direction of a piezoelectric substrate measuring 4.0 mm by 1.0 mm by 0.38 mm. This piezoelectric resonator was polarized in the thickness direction and vibrated in the longitudinal direction when a signal was applied to the electrodes. The piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 9 had the same dimensions as the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 8. Electrodes were formed on both surfaces in the longitudinal direction of a piezoelectric substrate. The piezoelectric resonator was polarized in the longitudinal direction and vibrated in the longitudinal direction when a signal was applied to the electrodes. The piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 10 was made by forming electrodes on both surfaces in the thickness direction of a piezoelectric substrate measuring 4.7 mm by 4.7 mm by 0.38 mm. This piezoelectric resonator was polarized in the thickness direction and vibrated in the plane direction when a signal was applied to the electrodes. The piezoelectric resonators shown in Figs. 8 and 10 were of unstiffened type and the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 9 was of stiffened type.

The resonant frequency Fr and the electromechanical coupling coefficient K of each of these piezoelectric resonators were measured and the results are shown in Tables 1, 2, and 3. Table 1 indicates the measured results of the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 8. Table 2 indicates the measured results of the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 9. Table 3 indicates the measured results of the piezoelectric resonator shown in Fig. 10. Longitudinal basic vibration Longitudinal triple-wave vibration Width-mode vibration Resonant frequency(MHz) 0.460 1.32 1.95 Electromechanical coupling coefficient(%) 18.9 3.9 25.2
Longitudinal basic vibration Longitudinal triple-wave vibration Width-mode vibration Resonant frequency(MHz) 0.455 1.44 1.96 Electromechanical coupling coefficient(%) 42.9 12.2 4.0
Longitudinal basic vibration Square-type triple-wave vibration Thickness-mode vibration Resonant frequency(MHz) 0.458 1.25 5.65 Electromechanical coupling coefficient(%) 35.0 11.5 23.3

It is understood from the measurement data that a stiffened piezoelectric resonator has a larger electromagnetic coupling coefficient K than an unstiffened piezoelectric resonator, and therefore has a larger frequency difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the anti resonant frequency. The largest spurious vibration in a stiffened piezoelectric resonator is of longitudinal triple-wave type and the electromagnetic coupling coefficient K is 12.2% during vibration. During width-mode vibration, which is different from basic vibration, the electromagnetic coupling coefficient K is 4.0%. In contrast, the electromagnetic coupling coefficient K during width-mode vibration is 25.2% in an unstiffened longitudinal-vibration piezoelectric resonator. In an unstiffened square-type vibration piezoelectric resonator, the electromagnetic coupling coefficient K is as large as 23.3% during thickness-mode vibration. Therefore, it is understood that a stiffened piezoelectric resonator has smaller spurious vibrations than an unstiffened piezoelectric resonator.

In the piezoelectric resonator 10, the inactive section 26 is formed at both ends of the base member 12. The inactive section is changed to adjust the resonant frequency and the difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the antiresonant frequency. In other words, by grinding the end faces in the longitudinal direction of the base member 12 or by adding mass, the band width of the piezoelectric resonator 10 can be adjusted.

In the piezoelectric resonator 10, the capacitance of the resonator can be adjusted by, for example, changing the number of layers in the active section 24. In the active section 24, piezoelectric layers and electrodes 14 are alternately stacked and electrically connected in parallel. When the number of layers is changed with the total thickness of the active section 24 remaining constant, the following relationship is satisfied since the thickness of one layer is inversely proportional to the number of layers.

Capacitance of resonator µ (the number of layers in active section/thickness of a layer) µ (the number of layers in active section)2 The capacitance of the resonator is proportional to the square of the number of layers in the active section 24. Therefore, the number of layers in the active section 24 is changed to adjust the capacitance of the piezoelectric resonator 10. This means that the piezoelectric resonator 10 has a large degree of freedom in capacitance design. Therefore, it is easy to achieve impedance matching with an external circuit when the piezoelectric resonator 10 is mounted on a circuit board.

Electrically conductive paste including, for example, silver, palladium, and an organic binder, was applied to one surface of each green sheet 30 made from piezoelectric ceramic. A plurality of such green sheets were stacked alternately and baked integrally at 1200 °C to form a laminated block 34 measuring 20 mm by 30 mm by 3.9 mm. External electrodes 38 and 40 were formed by sputtering. A high DC electric field was applied between adjacent internal electrodes 36 to polarize the laminated block such that the directions of polarization in adjacent piezoelectric layers were alternately opposed. The thickness of the laminated block 34 was changed. The laminated block 34 was cut to form a plate-shaped block 42 measuring 1.5 mm by 30 mm by 3.8 mm. Every other electrodes 36 exposed at the side faces of the plate-shaped block 42 were covered by a resin insulating material 44 and a silver electrode was formed on it by sputtering. The resultant block was cut by a dicing machine to obtain a piezoelectric resonator 10 measuring 1.5 mm by 1.5 mm by 3.8 mm.

The piezoelectric resonator 10 had nineteen electrodes 14 in the base member 12, the electrodes 14 being disposed at an almost equal interval of 0.19 mm. Insulting films 16 and 18 were formed so as to avoid applying an electric field to three piezoelectric layers disposed at both ends of the base member 12. An active section 24 included 14 piezoelectric layers disposed at the center of the base member 12, and an inactive section 26 had three piezoelectric layers at both ends. The piezoelectric resonator 10 had a capacitance of 830 pF and the frequency characteristics shown in Fig. 11. For comparison, the frequency characteristics of a square-type vibration piezoelectric resonator is shown in Fig. 12. It is found from Figs. 11 and 12 that the piezoelectric resonator 10 according to the present invention has much less spurious vibration than the square-shaped piezoelectric resonator.

Depending on the positions where active sections 24 and inactive sections 26 are formed, the frequency difference ΔF between the resonant frequency and the antiresonant frequency changes. Inactive sections 26 can be formed, for example as shown in Fig. 13, at both ends and the center of the base member 12. The finite element method was used to calculate changes in capacitance Cf and frequency difference ΔF in the piezoelectric resonator in a case in which the positions where active sections were formed change, where "a" indicates the distance between the center and an end of the piezoelectric resonator 10, "b" indicates the distance between the center and the center of gravity of an active section 24, "c" indicates the length of the active sections 24, W indicates the width of the base member 12, and T indicates the thickness of the base member 12. Fig. 14 shows the relationship between b/a, and the ratio of ΔF to the antiresonant frequency Fa, ΔF/Fa, and the capacitance Cf with "a" being equal to 1.89 mm, W and T equal to 0.8 mm, "c" equal to 0.86 mm, and b/a changing. From Fig. 14, it is found that the capacitance Cf does not change irrespective of the positions where the active sections 24 were formed. In contrast, it was also found that ΔF decreases as the active sections approach both ends of the base member 12.

The frequency difference ΔF can be changed in the piezoelectric resonator 10 by changmg the ratio of the active sections 24 to the inactive sections 26. With a changing active-section ratio, which is a ratio of the length of the active section 24 to that of the base member 12 in the piezoelectric resonator 10 shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the resonant frequency Fr, the antiresonant frequency Fa, the frequency difference ΔF, and its rate of change were measured and are indicated in Table 4 and Fig. 15. Active-section length (mm) Active-section ratio (%) Fr (kHz) Fa (kHz) ΔF (kHz) ΔF change rate (%) 1.80 100.0 1047.4 1163.4 115.9 0.0 1.70 94.4 1042.4 1163.4 120.9 4.3 1.60 88.9 1038.6 1163.4 124.8 7.6 1.53 85.0 1036.6 1163.4 126.8 9.4 1.50 83.3 1035.9 1163.4 127.5 9.9 1.40 77.8 1034.5 1163.4 128.9 11.2 1.35 75.0 1034.3 1163.4 129.1 11.4 1.30 72.2 1034.3 1163.4 129.0 11.3 1.20 66.7 1035.5 1163.4 127.9 10.3 1.17 65.0 1036.1 1163.4 127.2 9.7 1.10 61.1 1038.1 1163.4 125.3 8.1 1.00 55.6 1042.0 1163.4 121.4 4.7 0.90 50.0 1047.4 1163.4 115.9 0.0 0.80 44.4 1054.3 1163.4 109.1 -5.9 0.70 38.9 1062.7 1163.4 100.6 -13.2 0.60 33.3 1072.7 1163.4 90.7 -21.8 0.50 27.8 1084.2 1163.4 79.1 -31.7 0.40 22.2 1097.3 1163.4 66.1 -43.0 0.30 16.7 1111.9 1163.4 51.5 -55.6 0.20 11.1 1127.9 1163.4 35.5 -69.4 0.10 5.6 1145.2 1163.4 18.2 -84.3

Fig. 15 shows the relationship between the active-section ratio and change in ΔF under the condition in which ΔF is set to 100% when the active-section ratio is 100%, namely when an inactive section does not exist. It is found from Fig. 15 that ΔF is large at an active-section ratio of 65% to 85% with the peak ΔF being obtained at an active-section ratio of 75%. The peak value is larger by about 10% than the ΔF obtained when the active-section ratio is 100%, in other words, when an inactive section does not exist. The same ΔF is obtained at active-section ratios of 50% and 100%. Therefore, to obtain a piezoelectric resonator having a large ΔF, it is necessary to set the active-section ratio to 50%.

In the piezoelectric resonator 10, when 14 piezoelectric layers constituted the active section 24 among 20 layers, the capacitance was 830 pF. In contrast, when the active-section ratio was set to 100%, which means that only one piezoelectric layer was used, in other words, when electrodes were formed at both end faces of the base member 12, with the same material and the same dimensions, the capacitance was 3.0 pF. When all of the 24 piezoelectric layers constituted the active section 24, the capacitance was 1185.6 pF. By changing the number of layers in the piezoelectric resonator 10, the capacitance can be changed within a range of about 400-times difference between the minimum and maximum. Therefore, by changing the lamination structure of the piezoelectric resonator 10, the capacitance can be selected from a wide range which provides a large degree of freedom in capacitance design.

In order to connect the electrodes 14 formed inside the base member 12 to the external electrodes 20 and 22, insulating film 16 and 18 having windows 50 may be provided such that every other electrode 14 is exposed as shown in Fig. 16. The external electrodes 20 and 22 are formed on the insulating film 16 and 18, and the electrodes 14 connect to the two external electrodes 20 and 22 alternately. Two external electrodes 20 and 22 may be formed on one side face of the base member 12 as shown in Fig. 17. Insulating films 16 and 18 are formed on one side face of the base member 12 in a two-row manner and two rows of connection sections are formed. These two rows of insulating film 16 and 18 are formed respectively on every other electrode 14. On these two rows of insulating film 16 and 18, two rows of external electrodes 20 and 22 are formed, respectively. The piezoelectric resonators having these modifications can achieve the same advantages as the above-described piezoelectric resonator.

Internal electrodes 14 may reach the opposite side faces of the base member 12 alternately as shown in Fig. 18. On the opposite side faces of the base member 12, it is necessary to form external electrodes 20 and 22. In such a piezoelectric resonator 10, since the electrodes 14 formed inside are exposed alternately, the internal electrodes 14 are connected to the external electrodes 20 and 22 by forming the external electrodes 20 and 22 on the side faces of the base member 12. Therefore, there is no need to form insulating film on the side faces of the base member 12.

An electrode 14 is not formed on the entire area of a cross section of the base member 12 in this piezoelectric resonator 10. Therefore, the opposing area of adjacent electrodes 14 is smaller than that of adjacent electrodes 14 formed in the entire cross section. By the opposing area, the capacitance and ΔF of the piezoelectric resonator 10 can be adjusted. Using the finite element method, with the gap G between the end of an electrode 14 and the side face of the base member 12 in the thickness direction being changed, the antiresonant frequency Fa, capacitance Cf, and ΔF of a piezoelectric resonator having a base member 12 which is 3.74 mm long, 0.8 mm wide, 1.0 mm thick, and having an active section 24 3.6 mm long, inactive sections 26 disposed at both ends 0.07 mm long and 20 piezoelectric layers each 0.18 mm thick were calculated. The results are shown in Table 5 and Fig. 20. It is found from Table 5 and Fig. 20 that Cf and ΔF become smaller as the gap G increases, in other words, as the opposite area of the electrodes 14 becomes smaller. Gap G (µm) Fa (kHz) Fa change rate (%) Cf (pF) Cf change rate (%) ΔF (kHz) ΔF change rate (%) 1 546.37 -0.52 267.58 27.47 53.36 30.15 50 546.75 -0.45 264.40 25.96 52.71 28.56 100 547.38 -0.33 251.69 19.90 50.05 22.07 150 548.20 -0.18 232.38 10.70 45.89 11.93 200 549.20 0.00 209.91 0.00 41.00 0.00 250 550.61 0.26 181.96 -13.32 35.06 -14.49 300 552.11 0.53 156.44 -25.47 29.75 -27.44

Electrodes 14 may be formed such that they reach different end faces on the same side of piezoelectric layers as shown in Fig. 21 in a piezoelectric resonator 10 which is a modified example of the above-described piezoelectric resonator 10. By laminating these two types of piezoelectric layers, two rows of electrodes 14 are exposed on one side face of the base member 12 as shown in Fig. 22. Therefore, by forming external electrodes 20 and 22 at portions where the electrodes 14 are exposed, the electrodes 14 are alternately connected to the external electrodes 20 and 22.

In the piezoelectric resonator 10 in which each electrode 14 is formed over the entire cross section of the base member 12 as shown in Fig. 2, since an electric field is applied to the entire cross section of the base member 12, the electromagnetic coupling coefficient of the resonator is large and thus ΔF is large. The capacitance of the piezoelectric resonator 10 is also large. When the laminated block is cut to produce a plurality of the piezoelectric resonators 10, since each electrode has been formed over almost the entire cross section of the laminated block in advance, each piezoelectric resonator has an electrode over the entire cross section even if the cut position shifts. Therefore, it is not necessary to precisely determine the positions at which the laminated block is cut. By changing the direction of cutting, resonators having different cross sections, different areas, and different capacitances are obtained from the same piezoelectric, ceramic, laminated block. Resonators having various capacitances and various ΔF can be obtained according to which electrode end section has insulating film. As described above, many types of piezoelectric resonators can be obtained from the same laminated block.

In contrast, to produce a piezoelectric resonator having a gap between the ends of each internal electrode and the side face of a base member as shown in Fig. 18, it is necessary to cut a laminated block at positions where electrodes are not formed. In such a piezoelectric resonator, however, it is not necessary to form insulating film on a side face of a base member, and the number of manufacturing processes can be reduced.

An inactive section 26 may be formed such that an electric field is not applied by not forming electrodes 14 at an end of the base member 12 as shown in Fig. 23. The end of the base member 12 may be polarized or may not be polarized. As shown in Fig. 24, only the end of the base member 12 may not be polarized. In this case, even if an electric field is applied between the electrodes 14, a portion not polarized is piezoelectrically inactive. In other words, only when a piezoelectric layer is polarized and an electric field is applied, the layer becomes piezoelectrically active, otherwise it is inactive. In this configuration, the capacitor is formed in the inactive section, and the capacitance can be increased. A small electrode 52 may be formed on an end face of the base member 12 as shown in Fig. 25 in order to adjust the frequency or to connect to an external circuit.

Using such a piezoelectric resonator 10, electronic components such as oscillators and discriminators are produced. Fig. 26 is a perspective view of an electronic component 60. The electronic component 60 includes an insulating substrate 62. At opposing end portions of the insulating substrate 62, two indentations 64 are formed, respectively. On one surface of the insulating substrate 62, two pattern electrodes 66 and 68 are formed as shown in Fig. 27. One pattern electrode 66 is formed between opposing indentations and extends in an L-shaped manner from a point near one end toward the center of the insulating substrate 62. The other pattern electrode 68 is formed between opposing indentations 64 and extends straight from a point near the other end toward the center of the insulating substrate 62. The pattern electrodes 66 and 68 are formed such that they are routed in a roundabout fashion from the ends of the insulating substrate 62 to the opposite ends.

At one end of the pattern electrode 66 disposed at the center of the insulating substrate 62, a protrusion 70 (served as a support member) is formed with electrically conductive adhesive. As shown in Fig. 28, the above-described piezoelectric resonator 10 is mounted on the protrusion 70 such that the center of the base member 12 is disposed on the protrusion 70. An external electrode 22 of the piezoelectric resonator 10 is, for example, connected to the protrusion 70. The other external electrode 20 is connected to a pattern electrode 68 with electrically conductive wire 72. The electrically conductive wire 72 is connected to the center of the external electrode 20 of the piezoelectric resonator 10.

A metal cap 74 is placed on the insulating substrate 62 to complete the electronic component 60. To prevent the metal cap 74 from being shortcircuited to the pattern electrodes 66 and 68, insulating resin is applied to the insulating substrate 62 and the pattern electrodes 66 and 68 in advance. The electronic component 60 uses the pattern electrodes 66 and 68, which are formed such that they are routed to the rear surface from ends of the insulating substrate 62, as input and output terminals for connecting to external circuits.

Since the center of the piezoelectric resonator 10 is connected to the protrusion 70 in this electronic component 60, the ends of the piezoelectric resonator 10 are disposed separately from the insulating substrate 62 so vibration is not prevented. Excited longitudinal vibration is not weakened because the center of the piezoelectric resonator, which serves as a node, is secured to the protrusion 70 and is connected to the electrically conductive wire 72.

The electronic component 60 is mounted on a circuit board together with IC chips and other components to form an oscillator and a discriminator. Since the electronic component 60 is sealed and protected by the metal cap 74, it can be used as a chip-type (surface mount) component which can be mounted by reflow soldering.

When the electronic component 60 is used in an oscillator, spurious vibrations are suppressed to a low level and unusual vibration caused by the spurious vibrations are prevented due to the features of the piezoelectric resonator 10 used in the electronic component 60. It is also easy to achieve impedance matching with an external circuit since the capacitance of the piezoelectric resonator 10 can be set to any desired value. Especially when the electronic component is used for an oscillator for voltage-controlled oscillation, a wide frequency range which cannot be obtained conventionally is acquired due to a large ΔF of the resonator.

When the electronic component 60 is used for a discriminator, a wide peak-separation range is provided due to a large ΔF of the resonator. In addition, since the resonator provides a wide capacitance range, it is easy to achieve impedance matching with an external circuit.

The piezoelectric resonator 10 may be mounted on the insulating substrate 62 so that two protrusions 70 made from an electrically conductive material such as electrically conductive adhesive are formed on both pattern electrodes 66 and 68, and the external electrodes 20 and 22 of the piezoelectric resonator 10 are connected to the two protrusions 70, as shown in Figs. 29 and 30. The piezoelectric resonator 10 may also be mounted on the insulating substrate 62 in a way shown in Figs. 31 and 32 in which two protrusions 70 made from an insulating material such as insulating adhesive are formed on the insulating substrate 62 and the external electrodes 20 and 22 are connected to the pattern electrodes 66 and 68 with electrically conductive wire 72.

A ladder filter can be made using a plurality of the piezoelectric resonators 10. As shown in Figs. 33 and 34, three pattern electrodes 76, 78, and 80 are formed on an insulating substrate 62 in this electronic component 60. Protrusions 82 and 86 are formed with electrically conductive adhesive on both-end pattern electrodes 76 and 80. On the center pattern electrode 78, two protrusions 84 and 88 are formed with electrically conductive adhesive.

One external electrode 22 for each of piezoelectric resonators 10a, 10b, 10c, and 10d is mounted to each of the protrusions 82, 84, 86, and 88, respectively. The other external electrodes 20 for piezoelectric resonators 10a, 10b, and 10c are connected to each other with electrically conductive wire 72. The other external electrode 20 of a piezoelectric resonator 10d is connected to the pattern electrode 80 with electrically conductive wire 72. A metal cap 74 is placed on the insulating substrate 62.

The electronic component 60 is used as a ladder filter having a ladder-shaped circuit shown in Fig. 35. Two piezoelectric resonators 10a and 10c serve as series resonators and the other two piezoelectric resonator 10c and 10d serve as parallel resonators. In such a ladder filter, the parallel piezoelectric resonators 10b and 10d are designed to have substantially larger capacitances than the series piezoelectric resonators 10a and 10c.

Attenuation in the ladder filter is determined by the capacitance ratio between the series resonators and the parallel resonators. In this electronic component 60, the capacitance can be adjusted by changing the number of laminated layers used in the piezoelectric resonators 10a to 10d. Therefore, a ladder filter having a larger attenuation with fewer resonators is implemented by changing the capacitances of the piezoelectric resonators, as compared with a case where the conventional unstiffened piezoelectric resonators are used. Since the piezoelectric resonators 10a to 10d have a larger ΔF than the conventional piezoelectric resonator, a wider transmission frequency band is implemented as compared with the conventional piezoelectric resonator.

Fig. 36 shows such an electronic component 60 in which two electrodes 14 are formed inside the base member 12 of the piezoelectric resonator 10. The inactive sections 26 occupy 25% (12.5% each) of the base member 12 in length. External electrodes 20 and 22 are formed such that they extend from the internal electrodes 14 to the centers of side faces of the base member 12, respectively. The shapes of the external electrodes 20 and 22 are adjusted according to the number of the internal electrodes 14 and their forming conditions.

A two-terminal electronic component 60 such as a ceramic resonator and a ceramic discriminator can be produced with a piezoelectric resonator 10 as shown in Fig. 37. Two terminals 90 made from an electrically conductive material are prepared to produce such a two-terminal component 60. These terminals 90 are formed such that they extend from hoops 92. Practically, a plurality of terminals 90 are formed on each hoop 92 in line. A terminal 90 is provided with a fold section 94 at the intermediate portion and an H-shaped support member 96 at the end. The support member 96 is bent and is provided with a protruded mounting member 98 at the center. The two terminals 90 are disposed such that their mounting members 98 oppose each other.

The piezoelectric resonator 10 is supported between the mounting members 98. The mounting members 98 abut against the external electrodes 20 and 22 at the center of the piezoelectric resonator in the longitudinal direction. Since the terminals 90 have fold sections 94, which serve as spring elements, the piezoelectric resonator 10 is spring-supported by the terminals 90. A case 100 having an opening at one end is placed on the piezoelectric resonator 10. The opening of the case 100 is closed with paper and then resin-sealed. The terminals 90 are cut from the hoops 92 to complete the electronic component 60. The electronic component 60 having a shape other than a chip-shape can thus be made.

Since the present invention employs a stiffened piezoelectric resonator, the resonator has a larger ΔF and a wider frequency band than the conventional unstiffened piezoelectric resonator. In addition, the stiffened piezoelectric resonator has small spurious vibrations. Since the base member 12 has a laminated structure, the capacitance can be set to any desired value and it is easy to achieve impedance matching with an external circuit. Furthermore, by adjusting the sizes and positions of the active section and the inactive sections, ΔF can be changed. Since the electronic component 60 according to the present invention has a simple structure, it can be produced at a low cost while exhibiting the above-described features of the piezoelectric resonator 10.

Since the piezoelectric resonator 10 according to the present invention includes more parameters which can be designed than the conventional piezoelectric resonator, various characteristics can be implemented. The relationships between these parameters, ΔF/Fa and capacitance Cf are indicated in Fig. 38. It is understood from Fig. 38 that these parameters extend the degree of freedom in designing the characteristics of the piezoelectric resonator 10.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Piezoelektrischer Resonator (10), umfassend
    • ein Grundelement (12) mit einer Längsrichtung,
    • eine aktive Zone (24), die sich aus einem polarisierten piezoelektrischen Element zusammensetzt und zumindest einen Teilbereich des Grundelements (12) ausmacht, wobei sie in Längsrichtung des Grundelements (12) polarisiert ist,
    • ein Paar Außenelektroden (20, 22), die mit der aktiven Zone (24) versehen sind,
    • eine inaktive Zone (26), die nicht polarisiert ist und/oder nicht durch ein elektrisches Feld aktiviert ist, welche den anderen Teilbereich des Grundelements (12) ausmacht, und
    • mindestens ein Paar Innenelektroden (14), die in der aktiven Zone (24) so angeordnet sind, dass die Innenelektroden (14) senkrecht zur Längsrichtung des Grundelements (12) stehen und jeweils an das Paar Außenelektroden (20, 22) angeschlossen sind,
    • welches Grundelement (12) eine längsgerichtete Grundschwingung anregt, wenn ein elektrisches Feld an die Längsrichtung des Grundelements (12) über die Außenelektroden (14) angelegt wird,
    gekennzeichnet durch

    eine Vielzahl von Isolierfilmen (16, 18), wobei auf einer ersten Seitenfläche des Grundelements (12), erste Isolierfilme (16) die freiliegende Zone jeder zweiten Elektrode (14) bedecken, und auf einer zweiten Seitenfläche des Grundelements (12), die freiliegenden Zonen jeder zweiten Elektrode (14), die nicht durch den ersten Isolierfilm (16) auf der ersten Seitenfläche des Grundelements (12) bedeckt sind, durch einen zweiten Isoliefilm (18) bedeckt sind und wobei einige Innenelektroden (14), die nahe den beiden Enden des Grundelements (12) angeordnet sind, aufeinanderfolgend durch beide Isolierfilme (16, 18) bedeckt sind.
  2. Piezoelektrischer Resonator (10) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die inaktive Zone (26) an beiden Enden der aktiven Zone (24) angebracht ist, und dass die aktive Zone (24) 50% des Grundelements (12) oder mehr in Längsrichtung besetzt.
  3. Piezoelektrischer Resonator (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der piezoelektrische Resonator (10) außerdem ein Trägerelement (70) am Zentrum des Grundelements (12) in Längsrichtung umfasst.
  4. Elektronische Komponente (60), welche einen piezoelektrischen Resonator (10) nach Anspruch 3 umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Trägerelement (70) auf einem Isoliersubstrat (62) angebracht ist und dass eine Musterelektrode (66, 68) auf dem Isoliersubstrat (62) vorhanden ist und an die Außenelektroden (20, 22) des piezoelektrischen Resonators (10) angeschlossen ist.
  5. Elektronische Kompoentne (60) nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektronische Komponente (60) ein Leiterfilter ist, in welchem eine Vielzahl von Musterelektroden (76, 78, 80) auf dem Isoliersubstrat (62) vorhanden sind und an die Außenelektroden (20, 22) einer Vielzahl von piezoelektrischen Resonatoren (10) angeschlossen sind, so dass die piezoelektrischen Resonatoren (10) in einer leiterartigen Form miteinander verbunden sind.
  6. Elektronische Komponente (60), welche einen piezoelektrischen Resonator (10) nach Anspruch 3 umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Halterungselement (96) mit dem Trägerelement (98) versehen ist und der piezoelektrische Resonator (10) in einem Gehäuse (100) durch das Halterungselement (96) fixiert ist.
  7. Herstellungsverfahren eines piezoelektrischen Resonators (10), welches umfasst
    • ein Grundelement (12) mit einer Längsrichtung,
    • eine aktive Zone (24), die sich aus einem polarisierten piezoelektrischen Element zusammensetzt und zumindest einen Teilbereich des Grundelements (12) ausmacht, wobei sie in Längsrichtung des Grundelements (12) polarisiert ist,
    • ein Paar Außenelektroden (20, 22), die mit der aktiven Zone (24) versehen sind,
    • eine inaktive Zone (26), die nicht polarisiert ist und/oder nicht durch ein elektrisches Feld aktiviert ist, welche den anderen Teilbereich des Grundelements (12) ausmacht, und
    • mindestens ein Paar Innenelektroden (14), die in der aktiven Zone (24) so angeordnet sind, dass die Innenelektroden (14) senkrecht zur Längsrichtung des Grundelements (12) stehen und jeweils an das Paar Außenelektroden (20, 22) angeschlossen sind,
    • welches Grundelement (12) eine längsgerichtete Grundschwingung anregt, wenn ein elektrisches Feld an die Längsrichtung des Grundelements (12) über die Außenelektroden (14) angelegt wird,
    welches Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst
    • 1) Herstellen eines Laminatelements (42), in welchem eine Vielzahl von piezoelektrischen Schichten und eine Vielzahl von Innenelektroden (36) laminiert sind,
    • 2) Anbringen einer Außenelektrode (20, 22) auf der Oberfläche des Laminatelements (42), an welcher die Enden der Innenelektroden (36) freiliegen,
    • 3) Schneiden des Laminatelements (42) senkrecht zur Oberfläche des Laminatelements (42).
  8. Herstellungsverfahren des piezoelektrischen Resonators (10) nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Laminatelement (42) in solcher Weise hergestellt wird, dass die Innenelektroden (36) abwechselnd an entgegengesetzten Seiten der piezoelektrischen Schichten freiliegen, ein Paar der polarisierenden Elektroden (38, 40) an den entgegengesetzten Seiten der piezoelektrischen Schichten angebracht werden und jeweils an jede zweite der Innenelektroden (36) elektrisch angeschlossen werden, wobei die piezoelektrischen Schichten durch Anlegen einer Gleichstromspannung über die polarisierenden Elektroden (38, 40) und die Innenelektroden (36) polarisiert werden, und das piezoelektrische Element und die Innenelektroden (36) senkrecht zu ihrer Laminierungsrichtung geschnitten werden.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Piezoelectric resonator (10) comprising
    • a base member (12) having a longitudinal direction,
    • an active section (24) composed of polarized piezoelectric member and constituting at least a part of said base member (12) and being polarized in the longitudinal direction of said base member (12),
    • a pair of external electrodes (20, 22) provided with said active section (24),
    • an inactive section (26), which is not polarized and/or not energized by an electric field, constitutes the other part of said base member (12), and
    • at least one pair of internal electrodes (14) being disposed in said active section (24) such that the internal electrodes (14) are perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of said base member (12) and are connected to said pair of external electrodes (20, 22), respectively,
    • said base member (12) exciting a longitudinal mode basic vibration when an electric field is applied to the longitudinal direction of said base member (12) via said external electrodes (14),
    characterized by

    a plurality of insulating films (16, 18), wherein on a first side face of the base member (12), first insulating films (16) cover the exposed section of every other electrode (14), and on a second side face of the base member (12), the exposed sections of every other electrode (14) not covered by the first insulating film (16) on the first side face of the base member (12) are covered by a second insulating film (18) and wherein some internal electrodes (14) disposed near both ends of the base member (12) are successively covered by both insulating films (16, 18).
  2. Piezoelectric resonator (10) according to claim 1, characterized in that said inactive section (26) is provided at both ends of said active section (24), and said active section (24) occupies 50% of said base member (12) or more in longitudinal direction.
  3. Piezoelectric resonator (10) according to one of the claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the piezoelectric resonator (10) further comprises a support member (70) at a center of said base member (12) in the longitudinal direction.
  4. An electronic component (60) comprising a piezoelectric resonator (10) according to claim 3, characterized in that said support member (70) is provided on an insulating substrate (62) and a pattern electrode (66, 68) is provided on said insulating substrate (62) and connected to said external electrodes (20, 22) of said piezoelectric resonator (10).
  5. An electronic component (60) according to claim 4, characterized in that said electronic component (60) is a ladder filter in which a plurality of said pattern electrodes (76, 78, 80) are provided on said insulating substrate (62) and connected to said external electrodes (20, 22) of a plurality of said piezoelectric resonators (10) such that said piezoelectric resonators (10) are connected to each other in a ladder shape.
  6. An electronic component (60) comprising a piezoelectric resonator (10) according to claim 3, characterized in that a mounting member (96) is provided with said support member (98), and said piezoelectric resonator (10) is fixed in a case (100) by said mounting member (96).
  7. A manufacturing method of a piezoelectric resonator (10) comprising
    • a base member (12) having a longitudinal direction,
    • an active section (24) composed of a polarized piezoelectric member and constituting at least a part of said base member (12), and being polarized in the longitudinal direction of said base member (12),
    • a pair of external electrodes (20, 22) provided with said active section (24),
    • an inactive section (26), which is not polarized and/or not energized by an electric field, and constituting the other part of said base member (12),
    • at least one pair of internal electrodes (14) being disposed in said active section (24) such that the internal electrodes (14) are perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of said base member (12), and being connected to said pair of external electrodes (20, 22), respectively,
    • said base member (12) exciting a longitudinal mode basic vibration when an electric field is applied to the longitudinal direction of said base member (12) via said external electrodes (14),
    said method comprising the steps of
    • 1) preparing a laminated member (42) in which a plurality of piezoelectric layers and a plurality of internal electrodes (36) are laminated,
    • 2) forming an external electrode (20, 22) on a surface of said laminated member (42) at which ends of said internal electrodes (36) are exposed,
    • 3) cutting said laminated member (42) perpendicular to said surface of said laminated member (42).
  8. A manufacturing method of the piezoelectric resonator (10) according to claim 7, characterized in that said laminated member (42) is prepared in such a way that said internal electrodes (36) are alternately exposed at opposite sides of said piezoelectric layers, one pair of polarizing electrodes (38, 40) are formed on said opposite sides of said piezoelectric layers and electrically connected to every other said internal electrodes (36) respectively, said piezoelectric layers are polarized by applying a DC voltage via said polarizing electrodes (38, 40) and said internal electrodes (36), and said piezoelectric member and said internal electrodes (36) are cut perpendicularly to a laminated direction thereof.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Résonateur piézo-électrique (10) comprenant :
    • un élément (12) formant base ayant une direction longitudinale ;
    • une section active (24) composée d'un élément piézo-électrique polarisé et constituant au moins une partie dudit élément (12) formant base et étant polarisée dans la direction longitudinale dudit élément (12) formant base ;
    • une paire d'électrodes externes (20, 22) munie de ladite section active (24) ;
    • une section inactive (26) qui n'est pas polarisée et/ou qui n'est pas alimentée en énergie par un champ électrique, qui constitue l'autre partie dudit élément (12) formant base ; et
    • au moins une paire d'électrodes internes (14) qui est disposée dans ladite section active (24) de façon que les électrodes internes (14) soient perpendiculaires à la direction longitudinale dudit élément (12) formant base et soient connectées à ladite paire d'électrodes externes (20, 22), respectivement ;
    • ledit élément (12) formant base excitant une vibration de base en mode longitudinal lorsqu'un champ électrique est appliqué à la direction longitudinale dudit élément (12) formant base par l'intermédiaire desdites électrodes externes (14) ;
       caractérisé par :
    • plusieurs films isolants (16, 18) où, sur une première face latérale de l'élément (12) formant base, des premiers films isolants (16) couvrent la section accessible d'une électrode (14) sur deux, et, sur une seconde face latérale de l'élément (12) formant base, les sections accessibles d'une électrode (14) sur deux non couvertes par le premier film isolant (16) sur la première face latérale de l'élément (12) formant base sont couvertes par un second film isolant (18) et où certaines électrodes internes (14) disposées près des deux extrémités de l'élément (12) formant base sont couvertes successivement par les deux films isolants (16, 18).
  2. Résonateur piézo-électrique (10) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ladite section inactive (26) est disposée aux deux extrémités de ladite section active (24), et en ce que ladite section active (24) occupe 50 % dudit élément (12) formant base, ou plus, dans la direction longitudinale.
  3. Résonateur piézo-électrique (10) selon l'une des revendications 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que le résonateur piézo-électrique (10) comprend en outre un élément support (70) au centre dudit élément (12) formant base dans la direction longitudinale.
  4. Composant électronique (60) comprenant un résonateur piézo-électrique (10) selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que ledit élément support (70) est disposé sur un substrat isolant (62) et en ce qu'un dessin d'électrodes (66, 68) est disposé sur ledit substrat isolant (62) et connecté auxdites électrodes externes (20, 22) dudit résonateur piézo-électrique (10).
  5. Composant électronique (60) selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que ledit composant électronique (60) est un filtre en échelle dans lequel plusieurs dessins d'électrodes (76, 78, 80) sont disposés sur ledit substrat isolant (62) et connectés auxdites électrodes externes (20, 22) de plusieurs desdits résonateurs piézo-électriques (10) de façon que lesdits résonateurs piézo-électriques (10) soient connectés les uns aux autres en une forme en échelle.
  6. Composant électronique (60) comprenant un résonateur piézo-électrique (10) selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce qu'un élément (96) de montage est pourvu dudit élément support (98), et en ce que ledit résonateur piézo-électrique (10) est fixé dans un boîtier (100) par ledit élément (96) de montage.
  7. Procédé de fabrication d'un résonateur piézo-électrique (10) comprenant :
    • un élément (12) formant base ayant une direction longitudinale ;
    • une section active (24) composée d'un élément piézo-électrique polarisé et constituant au moins une partie dudit élément (12) formant base et étant polarisée dans la direction longitudinale dudit élément (12) formant base ;
    • une paire d'électrodes externes (20, 22) munie de ladite section active (24) ;
    • une section inactive (26) qui n'est pas polarisée et/ou qui n'est pas alimentée en énergie par un champ électrique, et constituant l'autre partie dudit
    • élément (12) formant base ; et
    • au moins une paire d'électrodes internes (14) qui est disposée dans ladite section active (24) de façon que les électrodes internes (14) soient perpendiculaires à la direction longitudinale dudit élément (12) formant base et étant connectées à ladite paire d'électrodes externes (20, 22), respectivement ;
    • ledit élément (12) formant base excitant une vibration de base en mode longitudinal lorsqu'un champ électrique est appliqué à la direction longitudinale dudit élément (12) formant base par l'intermédiaire desdites électrodes externes (14) ;
    ledit procédé comprenant les étapes :
    • 1) de préparation d'un élément stratifié (42) dans lequel plusieurs couches piézo-électriques et plusieurs électrodes internes (36) sont stratifiées ;
    • 2) de formation d'une électrode externe (20, 22) sur une surface dudit élément stratifié (42) au niveau de laquelle les extrémités desdites électrodes internes (36) sont accessibles ;
    • 3) de découpage dudit élément stratifié (42) perpendiculairement à ladite surface dudit élément stratifié (42).
  8. Procédé de fabrication du résonateur piézo-électrique (10) selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que ledit élément stratifié (42) est préparé de façon telle que lesdites électrodes internes (36) soient accessibles de manière alternée au niveau des côtés opposés desdites couches piézo-électriques, en ce qu'une paire d'électrodes (38, 40) de polarisation est formée sur lesdits côtés opposés desdites couches piézo-électriques et connectée électriquement à une sur deux desdites électrodes internes (36), respectivement, en ce que lesdites couches piézo-électriques sont polarisées par application d'une tension de courant continu par l'intermédiaire desdites électrodes (38, 40) de polarisation et desdites électrodes internes (36), et en ce que ledit élément piézo-électrique et lesdites électrodes internes (36) sont découpés perpendiculairement à leur direction de stratification.






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