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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1248754 05.08.2004
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001248754
Titel BIOLIGISCHES ADDITIV ZU EINEM ORGANISCH-MINERALISCHEN DÜNGEMITTEL
Anmelder Soil Biogenics Ltd., Hamilton, BM
Erfinder VINAROV, Alexandr, Moscow, RU;
SEMENTSOV, Alexei, Tverskaya obl., RU;
TISHKIN, Sergei, Moscow, RU;
IPATOVA, Tatiyana, Moscow, RU;
SIDORENKO, Tatiyana, Moscow, RU;
BURMISTROV, Boris, Moscow, RU
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60011942
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 21.03.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 009156043
WO-Anmeldetag 21.03.2000
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/RU00/00089
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001032587
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 10.05.2001
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 16.10.2002
EP date of grant 30.06.2004
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 05.08.2004
IPC-Hauptklasse C05F 11/08
IPC-Nebenklasse C05F 5/00   C12N 1/20   C12R 1/00   C12R 1/07   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to the field of biotechnology and agriculture, namely, to the production of organic-mineral fertilizers, and can be used in the production of those fertilizers.

Known are mixtures of organic and mineral fertilizers that are used in agricultural production. These consist of organic compounds, primarily, peat, brown coal, shale, humus and feces, treated with ammonium arid/or phosphate ammonia solutions and/or phosphoric acid and/or potassium salts. The best known organic-mineral fertilizers are peat-ammonium and peat-mineral-ammonium ones.

The common disadvantage of the generally known organic-mineral fertilizers is the long time required for their effect to take place because the release of nutrients from those organic-mineral fertilizers is a long process that occurs, mainly, due to the association of microorganisms present in the soil treated with the mineral-organic fertilizers.

If was therefore suggested to use biological additives to the organic-mineral fertilizers that accelerate the release of nutrients from the fertilizers and the assimilation of the released substances by the plants. Moreover, these biological additives favor the accumulation of the nutrients in the soil in a form that can be easily assimilated by plants.

Known (SU, Inventor's Certificate 589238 C 02 F 11/08, 1978) is addition, to a mixture of peat, lime and mineral compounds preliminarily treated with water solutions of peat mineralizing activators, of a water suspension of bacterial cultures (host bacterial culture and azobacterine). The water suspension of bacterial cultures increases the efficiency of a fertilizer.

Also known (SU, Inventor's Certificate 935501 C 05 F 11/08, 1982) is addition of a suspension of yeast and unicellular algae into an organic-mineral fertilizer.

Also known (RU, Patent 2055823 C 05 F 11/08, 1996) is addition, to a mixture of preliminarily fermented dung and peat, of bacteria consortium (Streptococcus thermophilus, Streptococcus. bovis, Dactobacillus salivaries var salicinicus, Lactobacillus salivaries var salicinicus and Lactobacillus acidophilus).

Yet another known method (RU, Patent 2081866 C 05 F 11/08, 1997) is addition to sapropel of a suspension of microorganisms in an amount of 0.001-0.3 wt.%. This suspension contains nitrogen binding (Azotobacter chroococcum), phosphate solving (Bacillus mucilaginosus) and lactic acid bacteria, the latter being in the form of a consortium containing Streptococcus thermophilus, Streptococcus bovis, Lactobacillus salivaries var salicinicus, Lactobacillus salivaries var salivarus and Lactobacillus acidophilus. Also, Trichoderma viride and Beauveria bassiana can be added.

The disadvantage of the known solutions is the insuffcient activity of the biological additives due to their non-optimum composition.

US 5578486 claims a biological fertilizer that comprises a symbolic association of several recombinant microbial species. The recombinant strain of Streptomyces, which is the main component of the microbial fertilizer, is genetically modified. to include nitrogen fixating genes of Alcaligenes, DNA from a potassium decomposer strain, and DNA isolated from Bacillus megaterium. The "Examples" section of this patent provides details of the required DNA manipulations and culture growth conditions to produce recombinant microbial species.

WO 97/31879 claims a method of preserving a liquid microbial preparation in a viable state (at least 90%) for a period of approximately one year. The "Examples" section of this patent application contains data with respect to maintaining the viable liquid microbial preparations and fungicide properties of the compositions. The composition of the liquid microbial preparation includes Bacillus, Trichoderma, Saccharomyces, and their mixtures.

WO 95/04814 claims a microbial fertilizer based on the recombinant Saccharomyces strains, which contain DNA from Alcalignes for nitrogen fixing, DNA from Bacillus for potassium fixing etc.

US 5071462 claims a method and apparatus for the production of the organic fertilizer with the use of nitrogen fixing bacteria. The fertilizer is prepared from the mix primarily containing coral reef granulated powder, which exists in large quantities mainly in the Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, which provides for rather localized applicability of the claimed fertilizer. Among the nitrogen fixing bacteria contained in the claimed fertilizer are Azotobacter vine., Bacillus megaterium, Rhizobium legum. Furthermore, the fertilizer of this patent contains strains of Candida and Trichoderma, and further encompasses the use of Chlorella as the nutrient source for bacillus.

WO 96/34840 claims a bacterial fertilizer containing nitrogen fixing microorganisms represented by Azotobacter vine. and Azospirrillum bras. The claimed bacterial fertilizer is obtained in the form of cell suspension with an addition of Glutamic acid at the pH values above 7.8. The use of only nitrogen fixing bacteria in the fertilizer of this patent application does not provide significant agricultural effectiveness when compared to simultaneous use of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium bacterium in optimal ratios in the fertilizer.

WO 97/26228 claims a liquid organic-mineral fertilizer obtained from molasses and nitrate or ammonium sulfate containing the mix of bacteria including Azotobacter sp. and Bacillus megaterium as well as plant hormone, gibberellin or heteroauxin. One of the main effects of the claimed fertilizer according to the "Examples" section is reduction of the cadmium levels in corn and stem of plants by 21% and 52% respectively. At the same time according to the "Examples" section the effect of the claimed fertilizer on the agricultural yield, specifically corn yield, is only 8%.

The technical task solved by the present invention is the development of a biological additive the content of which favours the most effective assimulation of nutrients from the organic-mineral fertilizers.

The technical result provided by the invention is increasing the nutrition value of the organic-mineral fertilizers, decreasing the consumption of the organic-mineral fertilizers and increasing the yield of cultivated plants due to the additional accumulation of nitrogen-containing compounds in the soil and the transition of potassium- and phosphorus-containing fertilizers into forms that can be easily assimilated by plants.

The above technical result is achieved by using a biological additive that contains two bacterial associations taken in the proportion 1-2 : 0.5-1, a preservative and micro- and macroelements, with the former bacterial association containing Azotobacter chroococcum nitrogen binding bacteria and Beijerinckia fluminensis nitrogen binding bacteria taken in the ratio 1-0.5 : 1-0.5, and the latter bacterial association containing Bacillus megaterium bacteria that decomposes phosphorus-containing compounds and Bacillus mucilaginosus bacteria that decomposes potassium-containing compounds taken in the ratio 1-5 : 0:5-2.

The bacterial associations are preferably obtained by periodic deep cultivation, semi-continuous deep cultivation or continuous deep cultivation, as well as by surface cultivation. The cultivation is usually accomplished on prelimi narily selected media, and joint cultivation is made on a combined nutrient medium. Preferably, the cultivation is performed at pH 5.0.- 8.0 in the presence of macro-and microelements and a source of carbon and preservatives at 26-34°C with air aeration at a rate of 0.1-2.0 vol/vol min. Basically, the preservatives are polysaccharides and the microelements are magnesium, iron (II), manganese, zinc, molybdenum, boron and cobalt ions in amounts of 10-4-10-6 wt.%. The biological additive is a water suspension of active bacteria cells, or dry powder that contains active bacteria cells, or a solid nutrient medium that contains active bacteria cells. In any case the biological additive preferably contains active cells in an amount of 103-109 per 1 kg of fertilizer. The biological additive basically contains Azotobacter chroococcum. GSB-TB 4B, Beijernckia fluminensis GSB-TB 5B, Bacillus megaterium GSB-TB 3B and Bacillus mucilaginosus GSB-TB 6B bacteria strains from the collection of the State Research Institute for Protein Biosynthesis. However, other microbial strains can also be used.

The invention can be implemented using the following methods.

  • 1. Azotobacter chroococcum GSB-TB 4B and Beijerinckia fluminensis GSB-TB. 5B bacterial association taken in the ratio 1:1 is cultivated in 750 ml flasks on a rocker at a revolution speed of 300 rpm, which corresponds to an air mass exchange of 0.1 vol/vol min, at 30 °C on a medium that contains, wt.%, 2.0 molasses, 0.05 monopotassium phosphate, 0.01 sodium chloride, 0.005 magnesium sulfate, 0.5 calcium carbonate, iron (II), manganese and zinc sulfates 5·10-4 each, molybdenum and cobalt sulfates 5·10-5 each and 0.5 agar at pH 7.0 during 72 h. Bacillus megaterium GSB-TB 3B and Bacillus mucilaginosus GSB-TB 6B taken in the ratio 2:1 is cultivated for 24 h in a fermenter with mechanical stirring at n = 1400 rpm and t = 28-29°C with an air supply of 1.0 vol/vol min on a medium that contains, wt.%, 1.0 molasses, 1.0 popcorn extraction, 0.05 ammonium sulfate, 0.01 potassium chloride, 0,005 magnesium sulfate, 0.3 calcium carbonate and 0.075 sodium and potassium tartrate, at pH 5.0. Two volume fractions of the former association are mixed with one volume fraction of the latter association to obtain a biological additive that contains a bacterial consortium of 1·1010 cells/kg, agar in an amount of 0.4 wt.%, magnesium, iron (II), manganese and zinc ions in an amount of 1·10-4 wt.% each and molybdenum, boron and cobalt ions in an amount of 3·10-5 wt.% each. The biological additive is sprayed onto a mixture of peat and fermented poultry dung in an amount of 109 cells per 1 kg of the fertilizer. The resultant complex fertilizer was introduced into the soil of a test area in an amount of 1 kg/m2. The initial nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents in the soil were 8.0, 2.0 and 3.0 g/m2, respectively. The soil was regularly wetted and weeded over two summer months, and after that the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents in it were measured again. Their new values were 15.0, 6.0 and 9.0 g/m2, respectively. The reference area was fertilized with the same amount of peat mixed with fermented poultry dung. The final concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the reference area that was also regularly wetted and weeded were 4.2, 1.1 and 2.4 g/m2, respectively. The effect of the combined fertilizer was tested for cauliflower. Introduction of the combined fertilizer in a concentration of 1 kg/m2 provided a cauliflower yield of 2.55 kg/m2, while in the reference area fertilized with the same organic-mineral compound without the biological addition the cauliflower yield under the same conditions was 1.7 kg/m2.

    Thus, the yield increasing effect was about 50%.

  • 2. A bacteria consortium consisting of Azotobacter chroococcum GSB-GB 4B and Beijerinckia fluminensis GSB-GB 5B bacterial associations in the ratio 1:2 and Bacillus megaterium GSB-GB-3B and Bacillus mucilaginosus GSB-GB 6B bacterial associations in the ratio 1:1, with the ratio of the associations in the consortium being 1:1, is cultivated for 18 h in a fermenter with stirring at 1500 rpm at 29-30 °C and air supply 0.5 vol/vol min on an medium containing, wt.%, 1.0 molasses, 0.01 yeast extraction, 0.03 potassium phosphate 0,02 ammonium sulfate, 0.002 sodium chloride, 0.0002 magnesium sulfate, 0.1 calcium carbonate, iron (II), manganes and zinc phosphates 1·10-4 each, molybdenum and cobalt ions 1·10-6 each, 0.2 gelatin and 0.04 sodium nitrate at pH 6.0. After the 18 h processing 1/5 part of the suspension is discharged from the fermenter and replaced with the same amount of fresh nutrient medium of the composition described above. The water suspension of bacterial association obtained in this procedure is thickened on a centrifuge, then dried on a dryer and mixed with 1% of oleic acid. The resultant biological additive is added to rotten cow manure and sawdust in an amount of 106 cells per 1 kilogram of the mixture. This fertilizer was introduced into the soil of the test area in an amount of 2 kg/m2. The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents in the soil were 7.0, 0.8 and 1.1 g/m2, respectively. The soil was regularly wetted and weeded during two summer months. As a result, the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents in the soil by autumn became 17.0, 5.6 and 7.3 g/m2, respectively. In the reference area under similar conditions the same amount of mixture of dry rotten cow manure with sawdust without the biological additive was introduced. The final nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents in the soil of the reference area were 2.2, 0.4 and 0.7 g/m2, respectively. The effect of the complex fertilizer was tested for potatoes. Introduction of the fertilizer with the biological additive into the soil in an amount of 2 kg/m2 gave a potato yield of 10.8 kg/m2. In the reference area obtaining of the same yield required 6 kg of dry rotten cow manure mixed with sawdust be introduced. Thus, the fertilizer saving was 200%.
  • 3. Azotobacter chroococcum GSP-TB 4B and Beijerinckia fluminensis GSP-GB 5B bacterial association in the ratio 2:1 is cultivated using the surface method in flat flasks at 30 °C on a medium containing, wt.%, 2.0 sugar, 0.05 potassium phosphate, 0.1 yeast extraction, 0.5 calcium carbonate, iron, (II), manganese and zinc sulfates 5·10-4 each and 0.5 agar at pH 7.0 for 24 h. Bacillus megaterium GSP-TB 3B and Bacillus mucilaginosus GSP-TB 6Bw bacterial association in the ratio 2:1 is cultivated for 16 h in a fermented at 28-29 °C and an air supply of 1.0 vol/vol min on a medium containing, wt.%, 1.0 molasses, 1.0 popcorn extraction, 0.05 ammonium sulfate, 0.01 potassium chloride, 0.005 magnesium sulfate, 0.3 calcium carbonate, and potassium, and sodium tartrates 0.075 each at pH 5.0. Two volume parts of the former association are mixed with one volume part of the latter association to obtain a biological additive containing a bacteria consortium in an amount of 103 cells/g and, wt.% 0.4 agar, iron (II), manganese and zinc ions 10-4 each, and molybdenum and cobalt ions 3·10-5 each. The biological additive is mixed with peat and non-rotten cow manure in an amount of 103 cells per 1 kilograrn of mixture. A sample of this mixture with the biological additive was held for two winter months at room temperature with wetting. In spring the sample of the complex fertilizer was introduced into the soil at the test area in an amount of 1 kg/m2. The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents in the soil were 22.0, 14.0 and 16.0 g/m2. The effect of the fertilizer was tested for cabbage. Introduction of the fertilizer in an amount of 1 kg/m2 gave a cabbage yield of 22.5 kg/m2. At the reference area where the same amount of fertilizer without the biological additive was introduced, the cabbage yield was 12.5 kg. The effect of the biological additive for cabbage was therefore 80%.
  • 4. Azotobacter chroococcum GSP-TB 4B and Beijerinckia fluminensis GSP-TB 5B bacterial associations in the ratio 2:1 are cultivated using the surface method in flat flasks at 30 °C on an medium containing, wt.%, 2.0 sugar, 0.05 potassium phosphate, 0.1 yeast extraction, 0.5 calcium carbonate, iron(II), manganese and zinc sulfates 5·10-4 each, molybdenum and cobalt ions 5·10-5 each and 2.0 agar at pH 7.0 for 120 h. Bacillus megaterium GSB-BT 3B and bacillus Mucilaginosus GSB-GB 6B bacterial association in the ratio 1:2 is cultivated using the surface method in flat flasks at 30°C on a medium containing a mixture of beef extract and wash agars in the ratio 1:1 at pH 7.0 for 120 h. One volume part of the former association is mixed with one volume part of the latter association to obtain a biological additive containing a bacteria consortium in an amount of 1015 cells/kg, 1.8 wt.% agar, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc ions 4·10-4 wt.% each, and molybdenum and cobalt ions 3·10-5 wt.% each. The resultant biological additive is introduced in an amount of 107 cells/kg onto a mixture of poultry dung compost and superphosphate: The complex fertilizer produced was introduced into the soil at the test area in an amount of 1 kg/m2. The initial nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents in the soil were 8.0, 2.0 and 3.0 g/m2. The soil was wetted and weeded for two summer months. The final phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium contents were 15.0, 6.0 and 9.0 g/m2. The reference area was fertilized with the same amount of dung-peat compost and superphosphate without the biological additive. After processing under similar conditions the phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium contents in the reference area soil were 4.2, 1.1 and 2.4 g/m2. The effect of the fertilizer was tested for cauliflower. Introduction of 1 kg/m2 of the complex fertilizer into the soil gave a cauliflower yield of 2.5 kg/m2. At the reference area obtaining of the same yield required 3.5 kg/m2 of dung-peat compost and superphosphate mixture without the biological additive. Thus, the fertilizer saving was 250%.

Along with fertilizer saving and increasing the yield, the use of the new biological additive reduces the number of ballast necessary, thus improving the soil structure.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Biologischer Zusatz für organomineralische Düngemittel, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er zwei in einem Verhältnis von 1-2 : 0,5-1 vorliegende bakterielle Assoziationen sowie ein Konservierungsmittel und Mikro- und Makroelemente enthält, wobei die erste bakterielle Assoziation stickstoffbindende Bakterien Azotobacter chroococcum und stickstoffbindende Bakterien Beijerinckia fluminensis in einem Verhältnis von 0,5 : 1-0,5 enthält, und die zweite bakterielle Assoziation Bakterien Bacillus megaterium, die phosphorhaltige Verbindungen abbauen, und Bakterien Bacillus mucilaginosus, die kaliumhaltige Verbindungen abbauen, in einem Verhältnis von 1-5 :-0,5-2 enthält.
  2. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es sich bei den Konservierungsmitteln um Polysaccharide und bei den Mikroelementen um Magnesium, Eisen (II), Mangan, Zink, Molybden, Bor und Kobalt in Mengen von 10-4 bis 10-6 Gew.-%. handelt.
  3. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die bakteriellen Assoziationen vorläufig nach einer Tiefkultivierungsmethode dargestellt werden.
  4. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die bakteriellen Assoziationen vorläufig nach einer semikontinuierlichen Tiefkultivierungsmethode dargestellt werden.
  5. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die bakteriellen Assoziationen vorläufig nach einer kontinuierlichen Tiefkultivierungsmethode dargestellt werden.
  6. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die bakteriellen Assoziationen vorläufig nach einer Oberflächenkultivierungsmethode dargestellt werden.
  7. Biologischer Zusatz nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kultivierung an einem für jede der bakteriellen Assoziationen vorgewählten Nährmedium durchgeführt wird.
  8. Biologischer Zusatz nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die bakteriellen Assoziationen gemeinsam an einem komplexen Nährmedium kultiviert werden.
  9. Biologischer Zusatz nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kultivierung bei einem pH-Wert von 5,0 bis 8,0 in Gegenwart von Mikro- und Makroelementen, einer Kohlenstoffquelle und Konservierungsmitteln durchgeführt wird.
  10. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kultivierung bei 26 bis 34°C durchgeführt wird.
  11. Biologischer Zusatz nach einem beliebigen der Ansprüche 3 bis 10,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kultivierung mit einem Belüftungsniveau von 0,1 bis 2,0 vol/vol min durchgeführt wird.
  12. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er in Form einer wässrigen Suspension aktiver bakterieller Zellen vorliegt.
  13. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er in Form eines trockenen Pulvers vorliegt. das aktive bakterielle Zellen enthält.
  14. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er in Form eines festen Nährmediums vorliegt, das aktive bakterielle Zellen enthält.
  15. Biologischer Zusatz nach einem beliebigen der Ansprüche 12 bis 14,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er aktive Zellen in einer Menge von 103 bis 109 Zellen je Kilogramm Düngemittel enthält.
  16. Biologischer Zusatz nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er folgende bakterielle Stämme enthält: Azotobacter chroococcum GSB-TB 4B als Azotobacter chroococcum, Beijerinckia fluminensis GSB-TB 5B als Beijerinckia fluminensis, Bacillus megaterium GSB-TB 3B als Bacillus megaterium und Bacillus, mucilaginosus GSB-TB 6B als Bacillus mucilaginosus.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A biological additive to organic-mineral fertilizers, characterized in that it contains two bacterial associations taken in the ratio 1-2 : 0.5-1, a preservative and micro- and macroelements, wherein the former bacterial association contains Azotobacter chroococcum nitrogen binding bacteria and Beijerinckia fluminensis nitrogen binding bacteria in the ratio 0.5 : 1-0.5, and the latter bacterial association contains Bacillus megaterium bacteria that decomposes phosphorus-containing compounds and Bacillus mucilaginosus bacteria that decomposes potassium-containing compounds in the ratio 1-5 : 0.5-2.
  2. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that the preservatives are polysaccharides and the microelements are magnesium, iron (II), manganese, zinc, molybdenum, boron and cobalt ions in amounts of 10-4 to 10-6 wt %.
  3. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that the bacterial associations are preliminarily obtained by deep cultivation method.
  4. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that the bacterial associations are preliminarily obtained by semi-continuous deep cultivation method.
  5. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that the bacterial associations are preliminarily obtained by continuous deep cultivation method.
  6. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that the bacterial associations are preliminarily obtained by surface cultivation method
  7. A biological additive according to any of Claims 3 to 6, characterized in that the cultivation is performed on nutrient mediums preliminarily selected for each of the bacterial associations.
  8. A biological additive according to any of Claims 3 to 6, characterized in that the bacterial associations are cultivated jointly on a complex nutrient medium.
  9. A biological additive according to any of Claims 3 to 8, characterized in that the cultivation is performed at pH 5.0-8.0 in the presence of macro- and microelements, a source of carbon and preservatives.
  10. A biological additive according to Claim 9, characterized in that the cultivation is performed at 26-34 °C.
  11. A biological additive according to any of Claims 3 to 10, characterized in that the cultivation is performed with an aeration level of 0.1 to 2.0 vol/vol min.
  12. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that it is in the form of a water suspension of active bacteria cells.
  13. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that it is in the form of dry powder that contains active bacteria cells.
  14. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that it is in the form of a solid nutrient medium that contains active bacteria cells.
  15. A biological additive according to any of Claims 12 to 14, characterized in that it contains active cells in an amount of 103 to 109 cells per 1 kilogram of the fertilizer.
  16. A biological additive according to Claim 1, characterized in that it contains the following bacterial strains: Azotobacter chroococcum GSB-TB 4B as Azotobacter chroococcum, Beijerinckia fluminensis GSB-TB 5B as Beijerinckia fluminensis; Bacillus megaterium GSB-TB 3B as Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus mucilaginosus GSB-TB 6B as Bacillus mucilaginosus.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Additif biologique aux engrais organe-minéraux, caractérisé en ce qu'il contient deux associations à base de bactéries, à proportion 1-2: 0,5-1, un conservateur et des micro - et macro-éléments, étant donné que la première des dites associations contient les bactéries fixant l'azote, Azotobacter chroococcum et les bactéries fixant l'azote Beijerinckia fluminensis à proportion 0,5 : 1-0,5, et la deuxième association contient les bactéries Bacillus megaterium décomposant les composés phosphorés et les bactéries Bacillus mucilaginosus décomposant les composés potassiques prises à proportion 1-5 : 0,5-2.
  2. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il contient comme conservateurs des polysaccharides et comme micro-éléments le magnésium, le fer (II), le manganèse, le zinc, le molybdène, le bore et le cobalt en quantité de 10-4 à 10-6 % (poids).
  3. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les associations à base de bactéries sont préalablement obtenues par la méthode de cultivation profonde.
  4. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les associations à base de bactéries sont préalablement obtenues par la méthode de cultivation demi-continue.
  5. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les associations à base de bactéries sont préalablement obtenues par la méthode de cultivation profonde continue.
  6. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les associations à base de bactéries sont préalablement obtenues par la méthode de cultivation superficielle.
  7. Additif biologique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3-6, caractérisé en ce que la cultivation est réalisée sur des milieux nutritifs, préalablement choisis pour chacune des associations à base de bactéries.
  8. Additif biologique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3-6, caractérisé en ce que les associations à base de bactéries sont cultivées ensemble sur le milieu nutritif complexe.
  9. Additif biologique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3-8, caractérisé en ce que la cultivation est réalisée à pH 5,0 - 8,0 en présence des micro- et macro-éléments, de la source de carbone et des conservateurs.
  10. Additif biologique selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce que la cultivation est réalisée à la température 26-34°C.
  11. Additif biologique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3-10,caractérisé en ce que la cultivation est réalisée à l'aération au niveau de 0,1 à 2,0 tour/tour min.
  12. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il représente une suspension aqueuse des cellules actives des bactéries.
  13. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il représente une poudre sèche contenant des cellules actives des bactéries.
  14. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il représente un milieu nutritif dur contenant des cellules actives des bactéries.
  15. Additif biologique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12-14,caractérisé en ce qu'il contient des cellules actives en quantité de 103 à 109 de cellules sur 1 kilogramme d'engrais:
  16. Additif biologique selon la revendication 1 caractérisé en ce qu'il contient les souches suivantes des bactéries : Azotobacter chroococcum GSB-TB 4B comme Azotobacter chroococcum, Beijerinckia fluminensis GSB-TB 5B comme Beijerinckia fluminensis, Bacillus megaterium GSB-TB 3B comme Bacillus megaterium et Bacillus mucilaginosus GSB-TB 6B comme Bacillus mucilaginosus.






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