BACGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a rotary recording apparatus for
reading and writing data from and to a rotating disc by means of a magnetic head,
an optical head or the like, and in particular to a magnetic disc unit which can
reduce fluid oscillation induced on a rotating disc so as to carry out positioning
with a high degree of accuracy.
In a magnetic disc unit, these days, it is required to increase the
capacity of memory by increasing the processing speed, and accordingly, the rotational
speed of a disc has been gradually increased. However, an increase in the rotational
speed, increases disc oscillation due to a fluid force caused by rotation so as
to raise a new problem that the degree of positioning accuracy is lowered.
Conventionally, as disclosed in Japanese Laid-Open Patent No. S59-72680,
a shroud is provided around the outer periphery of a disc with a predetermined gap
between the disc and the shroud in order to reduce bounce (which well be hereinbelow
referred to as "flutter") of the disc. In this document there is described that
the distance between the inner wall of the shroud and the outer periphery of the
disc is changed from 12 mm to 10 mm, and as a result, the amplitude of oscillation
is decreased from about 20fÊ to 10fÊ. Further, if the distance is decreased
to 6 mm, the amplitude of oscillation is decreased to 15fÊ, and if the distance
is set to be less than 3 mm, the amplitude of oscillation becomes 8fÊ which
is relatively small. That is, if the outer periphery of the magnetic disc and the
inner wall of the shroud is set to a value below 3 mm, the oscillation can be minimized.
Further, in Japanese Laid-Open Patent No. H9-204767, there is discloses
a gap between a shroud and a magnetic disc which set to be 0.1 mm in order to prevent
liquid lubricant with which the outer surface of the magnetic disc is coated, from
It is noted that, in the above-mentioned Japanese Laid-Open Patent
No. S59-72680, there is disclosed a gap between the shroud and the disc which is
2 mm at maximum.
Further, in Japanese Laid-Open Patent No. H9-20476, there is disclosed
a gap between the shroud and the disc which is 0.1 mm at maximum.
By the way, in a magnetic disc unit, a higher data transfer velocity
(data rate) is desired in order to obtain a larger storage capacity. Thus, the rotational
speed of a disc has been gradually increased up to now, and it is anticipated that
the rotational speed will be further increased in future. An increase in rotational
speed of a disc increases flutter which is oscillation of a disc, and accordingly,
would mainly contribute to increase errors in positioning of a magnetic head. Thus,
it has been required to reduce the oscillation.
Thus, there has mainly been two ways for reducing flutter of a disc
as follows: First, a fluid force serving as an excitation source is reduced. Precisely,
the pressure distribution is made to be uniform over the surface of a disc. Second,
the stiffness of a disc is increased in order to decrease oscillation of a disc.
Although the thickness of a disc may be increased to increase the stiffness of the
disc, an increase in the thickness thereof causes a disc unit to have a larger size,
and accordingly, it is unpreferable.
OBJECT AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
An object of the present invention is to provide a rotary recording
apparatus which can, on one hand, prevent flutter causing errors in positioning
from increasing even though the rotational speed becomes higher, and which can,
on the other hand, enhance the degree of positional accuracy for coping with a large
That is, according to the present invention, there is provided a large
capacity magnetic disc unit which can reduce a fluid force serving as an excitation
source so as to prevent occurrence of flutter in order to restrain occurrence of
noise or the like, and which can read and write data from and onto a disc with a
high degree of accuracy. Specifically, a shroud (outer wall) is provided around
the entire periphery of a'rotating disc, except an insertion part thereof for a
carriage arm, and a gap between the shroud and the outer periphery of the disc is
set to be not less than 0.1 mm but not greater than 0.6 mm.
An air stream induced during rotation of a disc causes a pressure
differential between the upper and lower surfaces of the disc, which causes excitation
of the disc, resulting in flutter of the disc. If the gap between the shroud and
the disc is set to be narrower than a predetermined value, air on the upper and
lower surfaces of the disc is isolated so as to reduce the pressure differential.
With this arrangement, it is possible to reduce the amplitude of flutter,
and accordingly, the degree of accuracy for positioning a magnetic head even in
a high speed recording apparatus can be enhanced.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS
- Fig. 1A is a perspective view illustrating a disc unit to which the present
invention is applied;
- Fig. 1B is a top view illustrating the disc unit shown in Fig. 1A;
- Fig. 2 is a sectional view illustrating a disc part, for defining a gap between
a shroud and a disc;
- Fig. 3 is a view showing a relationship between an amplitude of flutter and
a gap between the shroud and the disc;
- Figs. 4A to 4D are contour maps of air pressure differential on the front and
rear surfaces of a disc, which is obtained through analysis; and
- Fig. 5 is a relationship between an amplitude of flutter and a gap between a
shroud and a disc.
Explanation will be made of a first embodiment of the present invention
with reference to Figs. 1A to 4D. Referring to Figs. 1A and 1B, discs 1 are stacked
on a spindle 2, and a magnetic head 3 for recording and reproducing data is carried
on a slider 4 which is supported by a magnetic head support mechanism 5 connected
to a guide arm 6. A carriage 9 is composed of the guide arm 6, a pivot bearing 7
and a voice coil motor (which will be hereinbelow referred to as "VMC") 8, and the
guide arm 6 is rotated by the VMC 8 around the pivot bearing 7. Further, these elements
are set on a casting base 10 which is surrounded by a wall (shroud 20). A gap between
the outer peripheries of the discs 1 and the inner wall of the shroud 20 is maintained
at a predetermined distance (which will be referred to as "disc-shroud gap"). The
shroud 20 and the base 10 are made of the same casting material, being integrally
incorporated with each other.
The shroud 20 is formed therein with an opening 30 for introducing
the guide arm 6 therethough onto a surface of a disc 1. The opening angle of the
opening 30 is selected so as to be minimized while to allow the arm to be simply
assembled and to prevent the arm from making contact with the shroud even through
the head is shifted from the inner periphery to the outer periphery of the disc.
In this embodiment; the opening angle is set to about 45 deg.
A wall is formed along the entire periphery of the base 10 of the
unit. Further, this wall serves as a part of the shroud 20 surrounding the outer
peripheries of the discs 1. However, the shroud 20 is arranged to branch off from
the wall in the vicinity of the opening 30 so as to surround the discs 1.
Meanwhile, the wall serves as a surrounding wall 40 for surrounding
the carriage 9 so as to hermetically enclose the unit. Repeatedly, the wall surrounding
the discs 1 will be hereinbelow defined and referred to as the shroud 20. According
to the present invention, the gap between the shroud 20 and the end faces of the
discs 1 is regulated within a predetermined range so as to reduce the amplitude
of flutter which would occur during rotation of the disc at a high speed, in order
to restrain occurrence of noise. Detailed explanation will be hereinbelow made of
Referring to Fig. 2 which is a sectional view along line A-A in Fig.
1B, the definition to the disc-shroud gap will be clarified.
As shown in Fig. 2, the spindle motor 2 is mounted on the base 10,
having a shaft on which the discs 1 are stacked. The base 10 is incorporated with
the shroud 20, being integrally molded therewith. The inner wall 21 of the shroud
20 is arranged along the entire periphery of the discs with a predetermined gap
being held from the edge faces 11 of the discs 1 (this gap will be hereinbelow referred
to as "disc-shroud gap"), except that the opening (which is not shown in Fig. 2)
for introducing the arm 6 is formed in a part where the arm 6 of the carriage 9
is introduced onto a surface of a disc 1. The inner wall of the shroud is substantially
circular, having a center which is substantially aligned with the rotating center
of the discs 1 or the spindle motor 2. Accordingly, the above-mentioned disc-shroud
gap is substantially uniform around the entire peripheries of the discs 1, except
that the opening, that is, the insertion part for the arm 6, where no shroud 20
Referring to Fig. 3, there are shown results of measurements for relationship
between the disc-shroud gap and the amplitude of flutter. Specifically, with the
use of magnetic discs having an outer diameter of 3.5 inches, the discs were rotated
at 7,200 rpm while amplitudes of flutter were measured by a displacement gage utilizing
LDV (laser Doppler Velocity) while the disc-shroud gap is changed from 0.2 mm, to
0.4 mm, 0.6 mm, 0.81.2 mm, 2.5 mm, 4mm and to 6 mm. The results of the measurements,
which are averaged and normalized, that is, are non-dimensional values, are shown
in Fig. 3.
In the figure, circular, trianglur and square spots denote various
flutters having different frequencies. As clearly understood from these results
of measurements, the amplitude of flutter is decreased as the disc-shroud gap is
decreased to a value less than 0.6 mm. Further, the amplitude of flutter is not
appreciably decreased in a range from 0.6 mm to 6 mm. Meanwhile, in the case of
less than 0.6 mm, if the disc-shroud gap is decreased to 0.4 mm and to 0.2 mm, the
amplitude of flutter can be reduced, remarkably. Specifically, if the shroud gap
is 0.2 mm, the amplitude of flutter can be decreased to a value which is about 1/10
of the amplitude of flutter obtained with a disc-shroud gap of 0.6 mm.
In this embodiment, the disc-shroud gap is set to 0.4 mm. With this
arrangement, the amplitude of flutter can be reduced to about a half of that obtained
at a disc-shroud gap of about 1 mm. Of course, a disc-shroud gap of about 0.5 mm
is also effective. It is desirable that the disc-shroud gap is narrower since the
amplitude of flutter can become smaller. However, in view of the assembly of a disc
unit, the narrower the disc-shroud gap, the more the difficulty in assembling the
magnetic disc unit.
Further, it would be practically impossible to set the disc-shroud
gap to a value less than 0.1 mm, in view of a diametrical tolerance (±0.05 mm) of
discs which are available at present and the erection tolerance between discs and
spindles. In view of the above-mentioned facts, it has been understood that the
flutter can be reduced by setting the disc-shroud gap in a range which is not less
than 0.1 mm but not greater than 0.6 mm.
Figs. 4A to 4D show contour lines of air pressure differentials between
the outer and rear surfaces of a rotating disc, which were obtained from results
of flow analysis in such a condition that the disc-shroud gap is narrowed. Figs.
4A to 4D show those with a disc-shroud gap of 2 mm, 1 mm, 0.5 mm and 0.2 mm, respectively.
As understood from these figures, contour lines have crest peaks on
the outer peripheral side of the disc in the case of a disc-shroud gap of 2 mm or
1 mm. These pressure differentials becomes excitation forces applied to the disc,
causing the disc to flutter. Meanwhile, in the case of a small disc-shroud gap of
0.5 mm or 0.2 mm, no contour lines having crest peaks of pressure differentials
causing occurrence of flutter, are found. In other words, no pressure differentials
are produced, and accordingly, the amplitude of flutter becomes smaller. These results
well follow the results of experiments shown in Fig. 3, qualitatively and quantitatively.
Thus, it has been also understood from the results of this analysis that a disc-shroud
gap of less than 0.5 mm can effectively restrain occurrence of flutter.
A high speed magnetic disc unit in which the outer diameter of discs
is 2.5 inches, and the rotational speed is 12,600 rpm, and the opening 30 has an
opening angle of 140 deg. was prepared, and tested for flutter in the following
Averaged values each obtained from the five measured amplitudes
were comparatively considered (Refer to Fig. 5)
topmost and outermost of disc
flutter amplitudes were measured
at five low frequencied by LVD
The results of these measurements show that a smaller disc-shroud
gap is effective for reducing flutter, similar to the effects mentioned before.
In this example, if the disc-shroud gap becomes less than 0.4 mm, the flutter reducing
effects is appreciable. Thus, the disc-shroud gap is set to 0.4 mm. Accordingly,
the amplitude of flutter can be reduced by about 10%. Further, if the disc-shroud
gap is set to 0.2 mm, the flutter can be reduced by about 50%.
In the same example, even if the opening angle of the opening 30 is
set to 45 deg., 65 deg. and to 140 deg. respectively, no distinctive difference
was appreciated in the effects of reducing the amplitude of flutter by decreasing
the disc-shroud gap. Namely, it has been experimentally confirmed that the flutter
can be reduced by decreasing the disc-flutter gap if the opening angle was changed
from 45 deg. to 140 deg. Thus, the opening angle of the opening 30 is set to about
140 deg. in view of simplicity of the assembly of the apparatus. The lower limit
values of the disc-shroud gap must be set to a value greater than 0.1 mm in view
of the manufacturing tolerance of outer diameter dimensions of discs and the erection
tolerance of the disc unit.
Although difference between the disc-shroud gaps of 0.6 mm and 0.4
mm for reducing flutter seems to be appreciable, if these gaps are normalized by
the diameters of the discs, about 1/150 for a 2.5 inch disc and about 1/130 for
a 3.5 inch disc, which are nearly equal to each other, can be obtained. In this
example, the flutter can be also reduced while a high speed magnetic disc unit having
a large storage capacity can be obtained.
Further, with the provision of a pocket adapted to accommodate an
air filter for purifying air flowing into the unit, in a part of the shroud, or
the provision of a finger insertion pocket for removal of a disc the disc-shroud
gap becomes large in that part in comparison with the other part of the shroud.
Even in this case, it has been confirmed that effects similar to those mentioned
above can be also obtained.
Although, in the first embodiment, it has been explained that the
shroud 20 is made of the same casting material as that of the base 10, and is integrally
incorporated with the base 10, the shroud 20 may be formed, independent from the
base 10, in order to enhance the processing accuracy and the processing performance
thereof, and thereafter, it may be assembled to the base 10. Alternatively, the
shroud may be machined. Further, even through the disc-shroud gap is different between
the uppermost and lowermost ones of the stacked discs due to a die drawing gradient
of the base mold dies, it had been confirmed that the same technical effects and
advantages as that of the first embodiment may be obtained if the minimum disc-shroud
gap is set to a value less than 0.6 mm or 0.4 mm.
With the provision of such an arrangement according to the present
invention, a cylindrical shroud is provided around magnetic discs stacked on the
shaft of a spindle motor, and a gap between the shroud and the outer end faces of
the discs is set in a predetermined range (not less than 0.1 but not greater than
0.6 mm), a high speed and large storage capacity magnetic disc unit can be provided.