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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0994266 14.10.2004
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000994266
Titel Rotorbaugruppe und Haltevorrichtung dafür
Anmelder Rolls-Royce plc, London, GB
Erfinder Sharp, John, 15831 Mahlow, DE
Vertreter Fleuchaus & Gallo, 86152 Augsburg
DE-Aktenzeichen 69919954
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 13.10.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 993080563
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 19.04.2000
EP date of grant 08.09.2004
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 14.10.2004
IPC-Hauptklasse F16C 39/06

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a rotating assembly in accordance with the preamble of claim 1 as known by EP-A-512 516.

It is common practice to support rotating components, such as shafts, in spaced relationship by ball or roller bearings. However, this necessitates the use of lubrication with its attendant need for complicated flow path structure and seals. It is known to support a single component in space for the purpose of rotation, by use of the stator and rotor principle. Wire wound stator poles surround a magnetically permeable component and by passing electrical currents through the wires electromagnetic forces are generated which cause the component to move to a position in space, equidistant from the end faces of the poles. The component is then rotated by other power means and the need for lubrication is obviated.

The present invention seeks to provide a rotating assembly in which one component is supported from another by means other than solid, lubricated bearings.

According to the present invention an assembly comprises rotatable components capable of relative rotational movement and including electrical stator means for electromagnetically supporting said components for rotation, wherein one of said components has a low or non magnetically permeable insert portion and electrical stator means is positioned with respect thereto, to pass electromagnetic flux through said insert portion to support another component.

The invention will now be described, by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

  • Figure 1 is a diagrammatic view of a pair of rotating shafts in accordance with the present invention in a working environment, namely, a ducted fan gas turbine engine,
  • Figure 2 shows an alternative arrangement of rotating shafts and stators in accordance with the present invention,
  • Figure 3 illustrates an alternative form of low or non magnetically permeable shaft portion to those depicted in Figures 1 and 2.

Referring to Figure 1 a ducted fan gas turbine engine 1 0 has a high pressure turbine stage 12 connected via a hollow shaft 14, to a high pressure compressor section 16, in known manner. The engine 10 also has a front fan stage 18 connected via a further hollow shaft 20, to a low pressure turbine stage 22, also in known manner. During operation of the engine 10, shafts 14 and 20 rotate coaxially.

In order to achieve the desired rotation, shaft 14 is surrounded by electrical stator mechanisms 24 and 26 which are spaced from each other axially of the shaft 14. During operation of the engine 10 the shaft 14 acts as the rotor of a stator/rotor device. Prior to start up of the engine 10 an electrical current from a power source (not shown) on the engine 1 0 is applied to the wire windings of circular arrays of poles 28 and 30 on stators 24,26 respectively, so as to generate an electromagnetic force which acts on shaft 14, and causes it to adopt a position in space wherein its longitudinal axis coincides with the desired axis of rotation 32.

Shaft 20 is also supportable for rotation, by stators 34,36 at respective ends thereof which are electrically activated at the same time as stators 24,26. Thus shaft 20 is also caused to adopt a position coaxial with the axis of rotation 32.

Shaft 20 is longer than shaft 14, and a further stator 38 is provided about its mid length, externally of the shaft 14, to be activated simultaneously with stators 24,26,34 and 36. In order that, on energising the pole windings of stator 38, the resulting electromagnetic force can act upon shaft 20, a short length of material 40 having very low, or, preferably no magnetic permeability characteristics, is inserted in shaft 14, through which the forces pass to act on and centralise shaft 20 as described hereinbefore.

As well as being permeable to electromagnetic forces, the insert portion 40 must also possess characteristics appropriate to the environment in which it is required to work. Where that environment is in the structure and operation of a gas turbine engine as in the present example, a suitable alloy is one comprising 6% Mn; 16% Ni; remainder steel.

Shaft portion 40 can be joined to shaft 14 by a suitable method eg fusion bonding, welding or by providing the parts with flanges, via which they may be bolted together, as in Figure 3 which is described later in this specification. Referring now to Figure 2 a rod 42 is earthed at each end and carries a stator 44 at its mid point. The poles 46 of the stator 44 are equi-angularly spaced around the rod 42 such that their end extremities face the inner wall surface of a shaft 47 through which rod 42 extends. The shaft 47 is nested within a further shaft 48, for co-rotation therewith, in coaxial relationship. Shaft 47 includes a portion 50 which has low or preferably no electromagnetic permeability and stator 44 is aligned with it, so as to enable electromagnetic forces, when generated at the stator poles 46, to pass therethrough and cause shaft 48 to adopt a position coaxial with shaft 47. The two shafts 47,48 can then be rotated by any suitable means, which could include the rotating parts of a gas turbine engine. Clearly to ensure achievement of axial coincidence over the full length of the shaft assembly, at least two further stators 44 will be needed (but not shown), one near each end of shaft 47, where it is still covered by shaft 48.

Referring now to Figure 3 an outer shaft 54 is constructed from magnetically permeable material portions 54a, 54b and a low or preferably non magnetically permeable material portion 54c. All of the portions have respective flanges 56,58,60 and 62 by means of which they may be joined by bolting. Portion 54c has further flanges 64,66 by virtue of being made from two pieces so as to enable assembly over a collar 68 on an inner shaft 70, which is made entirely from magnetically permeable material.

A stator having six sets of poles is positioned between the flanges 58 and 60, with their pole end extremities adjacent respective surfaces of shaft portion 54c. Poles 72,74 have their axes orientated at 90" to the common axis of rotation 32 of the shafts 54 and 70. When their windings are energised the resulting electromagnetic force passes through the magnetically low permeability portion 54c and acts on the inner shaft 70. With respect to the outer shaft 54, whereafter, simultaneous rotation of the shafts is effected by other means.

In some operational environments eg gas turbine engines, axially directed loads are imposed on associated shafts, which loads need to be opposed, so as to, inter alia, prevent or at least reduce rubbing between rotating and fixed structure. To this end poles 76,78,80 and 82 the axes of which are parallel to the shafts axes, may be powered in any suitable sequence, to counter such movement, relative or simultaneous, of the shafts 54 and 70. Thus if shaft 54 moves to the right as viewed in Figure 3 poles 82 are activated so as to pass an electromagnetic force through flange 60, to act on the flange 62 of outer shaft 54, which will pull shaft 54 back to its original position.

Should inner shaft 70 move to the right as viewed in Figure 3, poles 78 are energised to generate the force which will pass through the opposing wall portion of low, or non-magnetically permeable shaft portion 54c, and pull inner shaft 70 back to its original position. Movement to the left by either shaft 54,70 would be opposed in the same manner by activation of either or both sets of poles 76 and 78 as appropriate.

Signal generating means (not shown) for effecting the desired shaft centralising and axial displacement could, in simplest form, comprise capacitance probes. On shaft movement occurring these capacitance probes would emit a signal variable in proportion to the magnitude of shaft movement, which signals, would be utilised to activate appropriate stator poles to redress the situation.

Whilst the present invention has been described with reference to nested rotating shafts it will be appreciated by one skilled in the art that it is equally applicable to any assembly in which rotating components are supported one from another.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Baugruppe, die drehbare Komponenten (14, 20; 70, 54) umfaßt, die eine relative Drehbewegung ausführen können, und die elektrische Statormittel (24, 26, 34, 36, 38; 72, 74, 76, 78, 80, 82) zum elektromagnetischen drehbaren Abstützen der genannten Komponenten aufweist. dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine der genannten Komponenten (14; 54) ein schwach oder nicht magnetisch durchlässiges Einsatzteil (40; 50; 54c) aufweist und elektrische Statormittel (38; 78, 80) mit Bezug dazu positioniert sind, um elektromagnetischen Fluß durch das genannte Einsatzteil zum Abstützen der anderen Komponente (20; 70) hindurchzuleiten.
  2. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Einsatzteil (40) durch Schmelzschweißen mit der zugehörigen Komponente (14) verbunden ist.
  3. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet. dass das Einsatzteil (54c) über Flansche mit der zugeordneten Komponente (54) verbunden ist.
  4. Baugruppe nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Einsatzteil (40; 54c) aus einer Legierung gebildet ist, die aus 6% Mn, 16% Ni, und im übrigen aus Stahl besteht.
  5. Baugruppe nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche. dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Komponenten Wellen (14, 20; 70, 54) sind.
  6. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Wellen (14, 20; 70,54) koaxial sind.
  7. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet dass die äußere Welle (14, 54) das Einsatzteil (40, 54c) aufweist.
  8. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die innere Welle (47) das Einsatzteil (50) aufweist.
  9. Gasturbinentriebwerk (10), das eine Baugruppe nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche aufweist, die zwischen der Turbinenstufe (12) und der Verdichter-(16) und/oder Gebläsestufe (18) geschaltet ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. An assembly comprising rotatable components (14,20;70;54) capable of relative rotational movement including electrical stator means (24,26,34,36,38;72,74,76,78,80,82) for electromagnetically supporting said components for rotation,characterised in that one of said components (14;54) has a low or non magnetically permeable insert portion (40;50;54c) and electrical stator means (38;78,80) is positioned with respect thereto, to pass electromagnetic flux through said insert portion to support the other component (20;70).
  2. An assembly as claimed in claim 1 characterised in that the insert portion (40) is fusion bonded to the associated component (14).
  3. As assembly as claimed in claim 1 characterised in that the insert portion (54c) is connected via flanges to the associated component (54).
  4. An assembly as claimed in any of claims 1-3 characterised in that the insert portion (40,54c) is formed from an alloy comprising 6% Mn, 16% Ni the remainder being steel.
  5. An assembly as claimed in any preceding claim characterised in that the components are shafts (14,20;70,54)
  6. An assembly as claimed in claim 5 characterised in that the shafts (14,20;70,54) are coaxial.
  7. An assembly as claimed in claim 6 characterised in that the outer shaft (14,54) includes the insert portion (40,54c).
  8. An assembly as claimed in claim 6 characterised in that the inner shaft (47) includes the insert portion (50).
  9. A gas turbine engine (10) comprising an assembly as claimed in any preceding claim connected between the turbine stage (12) and compressor (16) and/or fan stage (18).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Ensemble comprenant des composants rotatifs (14, 20 ; 70, 54) capables d'effectuer un mouvement de rotation relatif et comprenant des moyens de stator électrique (24, 26, 34, 36, 38 ; 72, 74, 76, 78, 80, 82) pour supporter de manière électromagnétique lesdits composants pour la rotation, caractérisé en ce que l'un desdits composants (14 ; 54) possède une partie d'insertion faiblement ou non magnétiquement perméable (40 ; 50 ; 54c) et les moyens de stator électrique (38 ; 78, 80) sont positionnés par rapport à celle-ci, pour faire passer le flux électromagnétique à travers ladite partie d'insertion pour supporter l'autre composant (20 ; 70).
  2. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la partie d'insertion (40) est reliée par fusion au composant (14) associé.
  3. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la partie d'insertion (54c) est raccordée via des rebords au composant (54) associé.
  4. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisé en ce que la partie d'insertion (40 ; 54c) est formée à partir d'un alliage comprenant 6% de Mn, 16% de Ni, le complément étant de l'acier.
  5. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que les composants sont des arbres (14, 20 ; 70, 54).
  6. Ensemble selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que les arbres (14, 20 ; 70, 54) sont coaxiaux.
  7. Ensemble selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que l'arbre externe (14, 54) comprend la partie d'insertion (40, 54c).
  8. Ensemble selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que l'arbre interne (47) comprend la partie d'insertion (50).
  9. Moteur de turbine à gaz (10) comprenant un ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, raccordé entre l'étage de turbine (12) et le compresseur (16) et/ou l'étage de ventilateur (18).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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