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Elastisch dehnbare Folie - Dokument EP1065046
 
PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1065046 23.12.2004
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001065046
Titel Elastisch dehnbare Folie
Anmelder Uni-Charm Corp., Shikokuchuo, Ehime, JP
Erfinder Mishima, Yoshitaka, Mitoyo-gun, Kagawa-ken 769-1602, JP;
Sayama, Yasushi, Mitoyo-gun, Kagawa-ken 769-1602, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60015861
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 29.06.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 003054491
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 03.01.2001
EP date of grant 17.11.2004
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.12.2004
IPC-Hauptklasse B32B 5/04
IPC-Nebenklasse A61F 13/15   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a sheet having an elastic stretchability longitudinally and transversely thereof.

It is well known to obtain a nonwoven fabric of comfortable touch by a process comprising the steps of a continuously feeding web of elastically stretchable fiber and treating this with heated emboss-rolls or high pressure column-shaped water streams so that the composite fibers may be heat-sealed together or mechanically intertwined together. Such a nonwoven fabric has conventionally used in various garments such as disposable diapers or sanitary napkins.

In the case of the known nonwoven fabric, the elastic component fibers are apt to be oriented in coincidence with the machine direction during a step of making the web or the subsequent step of treating the web. Consequently, the nonwoven fabric obtained is easily stretchable in the machine direction but often inadequately stretchable in the direction orthogonal to the machine direction.

It is an object of this invention to make an elastically stretchable sheet being intrinsically stretchable in one direction but not in the direction orthogonal to the one direction stretchable in these two directions.

According to this invention, there is provided a sheet having an elastic stretchability both in a longitudinal direction thereof and in a transverse direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction, wherein: a flat sheet material intrinsically having a nature of being elastically stretchable in the longitudinal direction without any significant resistance rather than in the transverse direction is formed with a plurality of pleats extending in the longitudinal direction and having a plurality of crests and troughs alternately repeating in the transverse direction and a plurality of elastic members being stretchable in the transverse direction are secured to respective apices of the plurality of crests forming the pleats from outer side.

According to one preferred embodiment of this invention, the elastic members are secured also to respective bottoms of the plurality of troughs forming the pleats from outer side.

According to another preferred embodiment of this invention, the elastic members are provided in the form of elastic threads and according to still another preferred embodiment of this invention, the elastic members are provided in the form of a sheet having an elastic stretchability both in the longitudinal direction and in the transverse direction.

  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a sheet;
  • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of an elastically stretchable sheet;
  • Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing one preferred embodiment of this invention;
  • Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing another preferred embodiment of this invention; and
  • Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing still another preferred embodiment of this invention.

Details of an elastically stretchable sheet according to this invention will be more fully understood from the description given hereunder with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a flat sheet material 1 and Fig. 2 is a perspective view of an elastically stretchable sheet 2. In a direction indicated by a double-headed arrow Y, the sheet material 1 is elastically stretchable but in a direction indicated by a double-headed arrow X, the sheet material 1 is non-elastically stretchable. Examples of such sheet material 1 include, for example, a nonwoven or woven fabric in which stretchable component yarns such as elastic urethane yarns or crimped conjugated fibers are oriented substantially in the direction Y.

The elastically stretchable sheet 2 comprises a pleated sheet 3 obtained by pleating the sheet material 1 and a plurality of elastic threads 4. The sheet material 1 has alternate crests 6 and troughs 7 each extending in the direction Y to form the pleats undulating in the direction X. The elastic threads 4 rectilinearly extending in the direction X and are respectively bonded with or without a tension to apices 8 of the crests 6.

The elastic threads 4 may be of natural rubber, synthetic rubber, plastic elastomer or the like and secured to the apices 8 by means of suitable adhesive such as hot melt adhesive. It is also possible to use rubber-based hot melt adhesive having an elastic stretchability as the elastic threads 4. The hot melt adhesive extending like the threads may be applied in its molten or semi-molten state to the apices to form the elastic threads 4.

When the elastically stretchable sheet 2 is pulled in the direction Y, the pleated sheet 3 is elastically stretched. When the sheet 2 is pulled in the direction X, the pleated sheet 3 is flattened and thereby the elastic threads 4 are elastically stretched. Accordingly, the elastically stretchable sheet 2 is elastically stretchable both in the direction Y and in the direction X. The material, the shape and the number of the elastic threads 4 should be selected so that a total stretch stress exhibited by the elastic threads 4 may be substantially equal to a stretch stress exhibited by the pleated sheet 3 when the latter is pulled in the direction Y. Such selection facilitates the elastically stretchable sheet 2 to be elastically stretched uniformly both in the direction Y and in the direction X. The elastically stretchable sheet 2 can be made at a relatively low cost and suitably used as the elastic members in various disposable garments such as disposable diapers.

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing one preferred embodiment of this invention. In the elastically stretchable sheet 2 according to this embodiment, a plurality of elastic threads 4 describe spirals.

Fig. 4 also is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing another preferred embodiment of this invention. In the elastically stretchable sheet 2 according to this embodiment, the plurality of elastic threads 4 rectilinearly extending in the direction X are secured not only to the apices 8 of the crests 6 from outer side (i.e., from above as viewed in Fig. 4) but also to bottoms 9 of the troughs 7 from outer side (i.e., from below as viewed in Fig. 4.

Fig. 5 also is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing still another preferred embodiment of this invention. The elastically stretchable sheet 2 according to this embodiment comprises a pair of pleated sheets 3, 3 placed upon each other and an elastic sheet 14 being elastically stretchable both in the direction Y and in the direction X disposed between said two pleated sheets 3, 3. The elastic sheet 14 is secured to a bottom 9 of the upper pleated sheet 3 and to an apice 8 of the lower pleated sheet 3 by means of hot melt adhesive (not shown). As according to this embodiment, the elastic threads 4 in Figs. 2 - 4 may be replaced by the elastic sheet 14.

In the case of the pleated sheet 3 according to this invention, there is no distinction between its upper and lower surfaces and the crests 6 of the pleats may be designated as the troughs 7 of the pleats substantially without any confusion.

This invention enables the sheet material which is elastically stretchable with no significant resistance only in one direction to be elastically stretchable with no significant resistance also in another direction orthogonal to the one direction.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Blatt (2) mit elastischer Dehnbarkeit sowohl in seiner Längsrichtung (Y-Y) als auch in einer orthogonal zur Längsrichtung befindlichen Querrichtung (X-X),

       gekennzeichnet durch

       ein flaches Blattmaterial (1) mit der intrinsischen Eigenschaft, in der Längsrichtung (Y-Y) dehnbar und in der Querrichtung (X-X) nicht dehnbar zu sein, das mit einer Vielzahl in Längsrichtung verlaufender Falten versehen ist und eine Vielzahl sich abwechselnd in Querrichtung wiederholender Berge (6) und Täler (7) aufweist, und ein in der Querrichtung (X-X) dehnbares elastisches Element (4), das von außen an die entsprechenden Spitzen (8) der Vielzahl die Falten bildender Berge gebondet ist.
  2. Blatt (2) nach Anspruch 1 mit mehreren elastischen Elementen (4), die jeweils an entsprechende Spitzen (8) gebondet sind.
  3. Blatt nach Anspruch 2, wobei das elastische Element auch von außen an entsprechende Böden der Vielzahl die Falten bildender Täler (7) gebondet ist.
  4. Blatt (2) nach Anspruch 2, wobei die elastischen Elemente (4) in Form elastischer Fäden (4) vorliegen.
  5. Blatt (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das elastische Element in Form eines Blatts (14) mit elastischer Dehnbarkeit sowohl in Längsrichtung als auch Querrichtung vorliegt.
  6. Blatt nach Anspruch 1 für eine Wegwerfwindel oder eine Damenbinde.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A sheet (2) having an elastic stretchability both in a longitudinal direction (Y-Y) thereof and in a transverse direction (X-X) orthogonal to said longitudinal direction,characterised in

       comprising a flat sheet material (1) intrinsically having a nature of being elastically stretchable in said longitudinal direction (Y-Y) and substantially non-elastically stretchable in said transverse direction (X-X) formed with a plurality of pleats extending in said longitudinal direction and having a plurality of crests (6) and troughs (7) alternately repeating in said transverse direction and an elastic member (4) stretchable in said transverse direction (X-X) and bonded to respective apices (8) of said plurality of crests forming said pleats from outer side.
  2. The sheet (2) according to Claim 1, comprising a plurality of elastic members (4) each bonded to respective apices (8).
  3. The sheet according to Claim 2, wherein said elastic member is bonded also to respective bottoms of said plurality of troughs (7) forming said pleats from outer side.
  4. The sheet (2) according to Claim 2, wherein said elastic members (4) are provided in the form of elastic threads (4).
  5. The sheet (2) according to Claim 1, wherein said elastic member is provided in the form of a sheet (14) having an elastic stretchability both in said longitudinal direction and in said transverse direction.
  6. The sheet according to Claim 1, wherein said sheet is for a disposable diaper or a sanitary napkin.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Feuille (2) présentant une extensibilité élastique à la fois dans une direction longitudinale (Y-Y) de celle-ci et dans une direction transversale (X-X) orthogonale à ladite direction longitudinale, caractérisée en qu'elle

       comprend un matériau en feuille plat (1) ayant intrinsèquement pour nature d'être extensible élastiquement dans ladite direction longitudinale (Y-Y) et pratiquement non extensible élastiquement dans ladite direction transversale (X-X), formé par une pluralité de plis s'étendant dans ladite direction longitudinale et comportant une pluralité de crêtes (6) et de creux (7) se répétant en alternance dans ladite direction transversale, et un élément élastique (4) extensible dans ladite direction transversale (X-X) et lié aux sommets respectifs (8) de ladite pluralité de crêtes formant lesdits plis à partir de la face extérieure.
  2. Feuille (2) selon la revendication 1, comprenant une pluralité d'éléments élastiques (4) liés chacun aux sommets respectifs (8).
  3. Feuille selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle ledit élément élastique est lié également à des parties inférieures respectives de ladite pluralité de creux (7) formant lesdits plis depuis la face extérieure.
  4. Feuille (2) selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle lesdits éléments élastiques (4) sont prévus sous la forme de fils élastiques (4).
  5. Feuille (2) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit élément élastique est prévu sous la forme d'une feuille (14) présentant une extensibilité élastique à la fois dans ladite direction longitudinale et dans ladite direction transversale.
  6. Feuille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ladite feuille est destinée à une couche jetable ou à une serviette hygiénique.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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