PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1226870 30.06.2005
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001226870
Titel Anionenaustauscher, Verfahren zu seiner Herstellung und seine Verwendung
Anmelder Tosoh Corp., Shinnanyo, Yamaguchi, JP
Erfinder Muranaka, Kazuaki, Shinnanyo-shi, Yamaguchi 746-0038, JP;
Tsuda, Teruhiko, Shinnanyo-shi, Yamaguchi 746-0051, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60204244
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 23.01.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 020015376
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 31.07.2002
EP date of grant 25.05.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 30.06.2005
IPC-Hauptklasse B01J 41/06
IPC-Nebenklasse B01J 41/12   C08F 8/32   C08J 5/20   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a process for producing an anion exchanger, an anion exchanger which is obtainable by said process and a packing for chromatography comprised of the anion exchanger.

Fine particles having an ion exchanging group are widely used as a separating material in the field of pure water production and chromatography. An anion exchanger having introduced therein polyethyleneimine as an ion exchanging group is used in the field of chelate resins, liquid chromatography for analyzing or isolating, for example, amino acids, peptide, protein, nucleic acids and saccharides.

As examples of the method of making an anion exchanger comprised of a fine particle having introduced therein polyethyleneimine, there can be mentioned a method of introducing polyethyleneimine to a fine particle of a polymer having a halogenated alkyl group such as polychromethylstyrene as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,191,814; a method of introducing polyethyleneimine to an acrylate or methacrylate polymer having an epoxy group or a halogenated alkyl group as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,111, 859; and a method of allowing an inorganic fine particle to adsorb polyethyleneimine and then crosslinking the adsorbed polyethyleneimine as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,245,005.

The present inventors found that, even when polyethyleneimine having a large molecular weight is introduced to a fine particle having a halogenated alkyl group or an epoxy group, the resulting ion exchanger exhibits an ion exchanging capacity enhanced only to a minor extent. It is presumed that this is because only a minor amount of polyethyleneimine is introduced. If a large amount of polyethyleneimine is added together with a large amount of a crosslinking agent to a liquid dispersion of fine particles to introduce a large amount of polyethyleneimine to the fine particle, the crosslinking of polyethyleneimine proceeds at a high rate and the reaction system undesirably becomes gelled. A similar problem arises in the above-mentioned method described in U.S. Patent No. 4,245,005. That is, only a minor amount of polyethyleneimine can be adsorbed on fine particles, and, if a large amount of polyethyleneimine is adsorbed on fine particles and then a large amount of a crosslinking agent is added into a liquid dispersion of the polyethyleneimine-adsorbed fine particles, the liquid dispersion tends to be gelled at the crosslinking step. Therefore, the amounts of polyethyleneimine and a crosslinking agent used are restricted.

In view of the foregoing, an object of the present invention is to provide a process for producing an anion exchanger exhibiting an enhanced anion exchanging capacity, which can be advantageously conducted without tendency of gelling even by using relatively large amounts of polyethyleneimine and a crosslinking agent are used as compared with the conventional method using polyethyleneimine and a crosslinlcing agent.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an anion exchanger which is obtainable by the above-mentioned process which exhibits an enhanced anion exchanging capacity.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a packing for chromatography comprised of the above-mentioned anion exchanger exhibiting an enhanced anion exchanging capacity.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a column for chromatography packed with a packing comprised of the above-mentioned anion exchanger exhibiting an enhanced anion exchanging capacity.

In one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process for producing an anion exchanger which is a fine particle having a cured surface layer comprised of crosslinked polyethyleneimine and formed on the surface of the fine particle, characterized by comprising the steps of:

  • (1) a first step of dispersing a fine particle having a particle diameter bf 1 to 100 µm and having a functional group capable of reacting with polyethyleneimine on the surface of the fine particle, in an aqueous solution of a crosslinking agent capable of crosslinking polyethyleneimine to prepare an aqueous dispersion of the fine particle; and
  • (2) a second step of adding the polyethyleneimine having a number average molecular weight of not larger than 10,000 and a catalyst for crosslinking the polyethyleneimine in the aqueous dispersion of the fine particle to carry out a reaction of bonding the polyethyleneimine to the functional group on the fine particle surface and a reaction of crosslinking the polyethyleneimine with the crosslinking agent.

The fine particle is preferably a porous particle having pores having an average diameter of at least 100 Å.

The functional group on the fine particle surface is preferably at least one member selected from a glycidyl group, a halogenated alkyl group and an aldehyde group.

The crosslinking agent capable of crosslinking polyethyleneimine is preferably epichlorohydrin or a polyfunctional epoxy compound which is preferably at least one compound selected from ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, polypropylene glycol diglycidyl ether, 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether, glycerol polyglycidyl ether and sorbitol polyglycidyl ether.

The catalyst is preferably an alkali metal hydroxide.

In another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an anion exchanger which is obtainable by the above-mentioned process.

In still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a packing for chromatography, which is comprised of the above-mentioned anion exchanger.

In a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a column for chromatography, which is packed with the above-mentioned packing.

Figure 1 illustrates chromatogram (A) as obtained for separating protein by using an anion exchanger of the present invention in Example 1 and chromatogram (B) as obtained for separating protein by using a comparative anion exchanger in Comparative Example 3.

The anion exchanger of the present invention is comprised of a fine particle having bound to the surface thereof a polyamine an anion exchanger which is a fine particle having a cured surface layer comprised of crosslinked polyethyleneimine and formed on the surface of the fine particle.

The fine particle may be either a non-porous fine particle having no pores on the surface thereof, but is preferably a porous particle having exposed pores on the surface thereof. When porous particles having exposed pores on the surface thereof are used, polyethyleneimine enters in the pores at a stop of making the polyethyleneimine surface layer, and thus, the cured polyethyleneimine surface layer is partly formed in the pores in addition to the outer surface of fine particle. Consequently a large amount of polyethyleneimine can be bound onto the fine particle surface, and an anion exchanger having an improved ion exchanging capacity can be obtained. In view of the obtained ion exchanging capacity, the pores preferably have an average diameter of at least 100 Å, more preferably 250 Å. The upper limit of the pore size is not particularly limited but is usually about 0.5 µm.

The diameter of a fine particle constituting the anion exchanger of the present invention is in the range of about 1 µm to about 100 µm to obtain a better separation capability when used for liquid chromatography.

The fine particles used include organic fine particles and inorganic fine particles. The organic fine particles include, for example, those of copolymers of a monofunctional vinyl monomer with a polyfunctional vinyl monomer, and crosslinked polysaccharides. As specific examples of the monofunctional vinyl monomer, there can be mentioned hydroxyalkyl esters of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, such as 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate, 2,3-dihydroxypropyl acrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and 2,3-dihydroxypropyl methacrylate; epoxy group-containing esters of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, such as glycidyl acrylate and glycidyl methacrylate; halogenated alkyl esters of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, such as 3-ohloro-2-hydroxypropyl acrylate, 3-bromopropyl acrylate, 3-chlvro-2-hpdroxypropyl methacrylate and 3-bromopropyl methacrylate; acrylic acid and methacrylic acid; alkyl acrylates and alkyl methacrylates, such as methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate and ethyl methacrylate; styrene derivatives such as chloromethylstyrene, vinylbenzyl alcohol, vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether and hydroxystyrene; and vinyl acetate. As specific examples of the polyfunctional vinyl monomer, there can be mentioned polyol esters of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, such as ethylene glycol diacrylate, glycerol diacrylate, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and glycerol dimethacrylate; and divinylbenzene and triallyl isocyanurate. As specific examples of the crosslinked polysaccharides, there can be mentioned cellulose, agarose, dextran and mannose.

As specific examples of the inorganic fine particles, there can be mentioned silica, zeolite, titania, aluminum oxide and hydroxyapatite.

The fine particle used in the present invention has a functional group capable of reacting with polyethyleneimine on the surface of the fine particle, which group can be a site to which polyethyleneimine is bound. The functional group is not particularly limited, but is preferably selected from a glycidyl group, a halogenated alkyl group and an aldehyde group because the polyethyleneimine can be effectively introduced to an epoxy group, a halogenated alkyl group or an aldehyde group by placing a fine particle having these groups in contact with an aqueous dispersion of polyethyleneimne. The halogenated alkyl group is preferably a chlorinated, brominated or iodated alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms. The functional group on the fine particle surface may be either a single kind of group or a combination of two or three kinds of groups.

The fine particle having a functional group capable of reacting with polyethyleneimine, such as an epoxy group or a halogenated alkyl group or an aldehyde group, on the surface thereof is known and can be prepared by a conventional procedure. An epoxy group, a halogenated alkyl group and an aldehyde group can be introduced onto the surface of fine particle by treating a fine particle with, for example, epichlorohydrin, ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether and butanediol diglycidyl ether for an epoxy group; epichlorohydrin and 1,3-bromobutane for a halogenated alkyl group; and glutaraldehyde for an aldehyde group.

The fine particle having a cured surface layer comprised of crosslinked polyethyleneimine and formed on the surface of the fine particle is produced by a process comprising the following two steps.

  • (1) In a first step, a fine particle having a particle diameter of 1 to 100 µm and having a functional group capable of reacting with polyethyleneimine on the surface of the fine particle is dispersed in an aqueous solution of a crosslinking agent capable of crosslinking polyethyleneimine to prepare an aqueous dispersion of the fine particle; and
  • (2) in a second step, the polyethyleneimine having a number average molecular weight of not larger than 10,000 and a catalyst for crosslinking the polyethyleneimine are added in the aqueous dispersion of the fine particle, and a reaction of bonding the polyethyleneimine to the functional group on the fine particle surface and a reaction of crosslinking the polyethyleneimine with the crosslinking agent are carried out.

The polyethyleneimine has a number average molecular weight of not larger than 10,000. more preferably not larger than 1,000, as measured by the boiling-point method. Polyethyleneimine having the lowest molecular weight used in the present invention is usually a trimer of ethyleneimine. The amount of polyethyleneimice in the aqueous dispersion is preferably in the range of 0.3 to 0.5 part by weight based on one part by weight of the fine particle. By using the polyethyleneimine having the above-specified low molecular weight in a controlled amount, the undesirable gelling can avoided in the step of orosalinking the polyethyleneimine and the cured surface layer comprised of a crosslinked polyethyleneimine can be advantageously formed.

The crosslinking agent used for crosslinking the polyethyleneimine is not particularly limited, but usually a water-soluble crosslinking agent, preferably epichlorohydrin or a water-soluble polyfunctional epoxy compound is used. As specific examples of the water-soluble polyfunctional epoxy compounds, there can be mentioned ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, polypropylene glycol diglycidyl ether, 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether, glycerol polyglycidyl ether or sorbitol polyglycidyl ether. These crosslinking agents may be used either alone or as a combination of at least two thereof. The amount of the crosslinking agent is not particularly limited, but is preferably in the range of 0.3 to 0.5 part by weight based on one part by weight of the fine particle.

The amount of water used as a liquid medium in which the fine particles are dispersed in not particularly limited but is preferably such that the ratio of water to the fine particles is in the range of 90/10 to 40/60 by weight, more preferably 70/30 to 45/55 by weight.

As the catalyst used for promoting the crosslinking reaction, an alkali metal hydroxide such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide is preferably used. The amount of the catalyst is preferably in the range of 0.1 to 0.2 part by weight based on one part by weight of the fine particle.

In the second step, polyethyleneimne and the catalyst are added preferably as an aqueous solution to the aqueous dispersion containing the fine particles and the crosslinking agent. The catalyst and polyethyleneimine may be added either as a single solution to which the catalyst and polyethyleneimine have been dissolved, or as separate aqueous solutions. Preferably the addition of the catalyst and polyethyleneimine is carried out not in a lot, but little by little over a period of 30 minutes to 2 hours while being gently stirred at room temperature to avoid occurrence of rapid crosslinking.

The reaction of bonding the polyethyleneimine to the functional group on the fine particle surface and the reaction of crosslinking the polyethyleneimine with the crosslinking agent proceed simultaneously. These reactions should preferably be carried out under mild conditions, that is, at a temperature in the range of room temperature to 50°C for a time period of 10 minutes to 2 hours, to avoid gel formation during the crosslinking reaction.

Finally the fine particles having a cured surface layer comprised of a crosslinked polyethyleneimine is recovered from the aqueous reaction mixture and purified by washing an aqueous hydrochloric acid solution and/or water by the conventional procedure.

The anion exchanger of the present invention is useful as a packing for chromatography. More specifically the anion extender is packed in a column made of glass or a metal, and the packed column is used in chromatography for analyzing, separating or isolating anionic protein or other materials.

The invention will now be described by the following working examples that by no means limit the scope of the invention.

Example 1 (Preparation of Anion Exchanger)

A 500 ml three-necked flask is charged with 50 g of porous hydrophilic acrylate polymer particles having an average particle diameter of 10 µm and pores with an average diameter of 1,000 Å, 50 g of pure water and 50 g of epichlorohydrin. A stirrer is equipped with the flask, and the flask was dipped in an oil bath maintained at 40°C and the content was gently stirred. The above-mentioned porous hydrophilic acrylate polymer particles used were taken from a commercially available column (tradename "TSK gel G5000 PWXL" available from Tosoh Corporation).

Separately, a 200 ml flask was charged with 40 g of sodium hydroxide and 60 g of pure water to prepare an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. The aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was dropwise added to the above-mentioned content in the 500 ml flask over a period of one hour by using Perista pump while being stirred. After completion of the dropwise addition of sodium hydroxide, the mixture was further stirred for one hour to conduct epoxidation of the acrylate polymer particle surface. After completion of epoxidation, the fine particles were separated by a glass filter and washed with pure water.

A 300 ml three-necked flask was charged with 50 g of the epoxidated fine particles, and then 20 g of ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether and 50 g of pure water was added. The flask was dipped in an oil bath maintained at 40°C, and the mixture was stirred to prepare a dispersion containing the epoxidated fine particles and a crosslinking agent.

Separately a 200 ml flask was charged with 50 ml of 4N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and 20 g of polyethyleneimine having a number average molecular weight of 600 (available from Wako Pure Chemical Ind. Ltd.) to prepare a polyethyleneimine solution.

The polyethyleneimine solution was added to the above-mentioned dispersion of the epoxidated fine particles and the crosslinking agent, and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours whereby a cured coating film comprised of crosslinked polyethyleneimine was formed on the surface of the fine particles. After completion of the reaction, the thus-obtained anion exchanger was separated by a glass filter, and washed with 0.5N aqueous hydrochloric acid and then with pure water. The anion exchanger had an ion exchanging capacity of 0.12 meq/ml·gel.

(Evaluation of Anion Exchanger's Adsorptive Separation Performance for Protein)

The anion exchanger was packed in a column having a size of 4.6 mm I.D. × 5 mm L. The adsorption capacity for protein was measured by a break-through method. The measuring conditions and equipment employed were as follows.

  • Pump: trade name "CCPM-II" available from Tosoh Corporation
  • Auto-sampler: trade name "AS-8020" available from Tosoh Corporation
  • Detector: trade name "UV-8020" available from Tosoh Corporation
  • Sample: 10 mg/ml, "BSA" available from Sigma Co.
  • Amount of sample injected: 5 ml
  • Measurement wavelength: UV 280 nm
  • Eluting solution: 20 mM tris-HCl buffer (pH: 8.0)

The adsorption capacity for protein (BSA) was 150 mgBSA/ml·gel as calculated taking the 10% height of extinction change due to protein elution as the break point.

The above-mentioned anion exchanger was packed in a column having a size of 5.0 mm I.D. × 50 mm L. Separation of protein was conducted under the following conditions. The equipment used was the same as mentioned above.

  • Eluting solution:
    • A: 20 mM tris-HCl buffer (pH: 8.0)
    • B: eluting solution A + 1.0M aqueous sodium chloride
  • Gradient: linear gradient transferring from 100% eluting solution A to 100% eluting solution B over a period of 15 minutes
  • Flow rate: 1.0 ml/min.
  • Sample: Ovalbumine (2 mg/ml)

       Trypsin inhibitor (2 mg/ml)
  • Amount of sample injected: 20 µl
  • Measurement wavelength: UV 280 nm

The test results are shown in chromatogram (A) in Fig. 1. The abscissa shows the time (in minutes) elapsing from the injection of a sample into a measuring apparatus. As seen from chromatogram (A), the anion exchanger prepared in Example 1 had a large adsorption capacity for protein and a high separation performance. The liquid feed pressure in the flow paths was 1.0 MPa, and thus, the anion exchanger had good liquid permeation characteristics. That is, a large adsorption capacity and high separation performance can be obtained at a low operation pressure.

Example 2

An anion exchanger was prepared and its adsorption capacity for protein was evaluated by the same procedures as described in Example 1 wherein 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether was used as a crosslinking agent with all other conditions remaining the same.

The anion exchanger had an ion exchanging capacity of 0.11 meq/ml·gel and an adsorption capacity for protein of 135 mgBSA/ml·gel.

Comparative Example 1

An anion exchanger was prepared and its adsorption capacity for protein was evaluated by the same procedures as described in Example 1 wherein the crosslinking agent and the 4N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution were not used with all other conditions remaining the same. That is, the anion exchanger had polyethyleneimine introduced onto the surface of an epoxidated fine particle, but did not have a cured coating comprised of crosslinked polyethyleneimine.

The anion exchanger had an ion exchanging capacity of 0.04 meq/ml·gel and an adsorption capacity for protein of 42 mgBSA/ml·gel.

Comparative Example 2

Preparation of an anion exchanger was tried by the same procedures as described in Example 1 wherein the 4N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution were not used with all other conditions remaining the same. The reaction mixture was hardened in the step of forming a cured coating of crosslinked polyethyleneimine, and thus, the fine particles could not be taken from the flask.

Comparative Example 3

50 g of the epoxidated fine particles prepared in Example 1 were placed in a 300 ml three-necked flask, and 10 ml of a 28% aqueous triethylamine solution (available from Tokyo Kasei Shiyaku K.K.) and 50 g of pure water were added. Then the flask was dipped in an oil bath maintained at 40°C, and the content in the flask was stirred for 2 hours. The thus-treated fine particles were separated by a glass filter, and washed with 0.5N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution and then with pure water to prepare an anion exchanger.

The anion exchanger had an ion exchanging capacity of 0.03 meq/ml·gel. The adsorption capacity for protein of the anion exchanger was 35 mgBSA/ml·gel.

The anion exchanger was packed in a column and protein separation performance was tested by the same procedures as described in Example 1 wherein the gradient time was changed to 30 minutes with all other conditions remaining the same. The test results are shown in chromatogram (B) in Fig. 1. As seen from Fig. 1, the protein separation effect was poor as compared with that obtained in Example 1 (chromatogram (A)).

As seen from Fig. 1, the anion exchanger of the present invention has a large ion exchanging capacity and a large adsorption capacity for protein, but, disadvantages such as widening of each elution peak of protein and elevation of operation pressure are not caused.

Advantages of the anion exchanger of the present invention are summarized as follows. The anion exchanger having polyethyleneimine introduced onto the fine particle surface exhibits an enhanced ion exchanging capacity and an enhanced adsorption capacity for protein and other objective samples, although the anion exchanger is comprised of fine particles. Therefore, the anion exchanger is useful for chelate resins and packings for chromatography. Especially when the anion exchanger is used as a packing for liquid chromatography, it exhibits high adsorption capacity, high retention, and high resolution for separation with a low operation pressure. The anion exchanger is especially suitable for separation of an objective sample as well as trace analysis of a sample containing a large amount of coexisting ingredients.

The anion exchanger is comprised of a fine particle and thus exhibits good liquid permeability and high resolution, and further the operation can be conducted at a reduced operation pressure. Thus, when protein or other materials are analyzed by using a column packed with the anion exchanger of the present invention, a large amount of a sample can be treated in a lot without elevation of operation pressure.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Anionenaustauschers, der ein feines Teilchen ist, das eine ausgehärtete Oberflächenschicht besitzt, die aus vemetztem Polyethylenimin besteht und auf der Oberfläche des feinen Teilchens gebildet wurde, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es die Schritte umfasst:
    • 1) einen ersten Schritt, feine Teilchen mit einem Teilchendurchmesser von 1 bis 100 µm und einer funktionellen Gruppe auf der Oberfläche der feinen Teilchen, die in der Lage ist, mit Polyethylenimin zu reagieren, in einer wässrigen Lösung eines Vernetzungsmittels zu dispergieren, das in der Lage ist, Polyethylenimin zu vernetzen, um eine wässrige Dispersion der feinen Teilchen herzustellen; und
    • 2) einen zweiten Schritt, das Polyethylenimin mit einem Zahlenmittel des Molekulargewichts von nicht mehr als 10 000 sowie einen Katalysator für die Vernetzung des Polyethylenimins zur wässrigen Dispersion der feinen Teilchen hinzuzufügen, um eine Reaktion, in der das Polyethylenimin an die funktionelle Gruppe auf der Oberfläche der feinen Teilchen gebunden wird, sowie eine Reaktion, in der das Polyethylenimin mit dem Vernetzungsmittel vernetzt wird, auszuführen.
  2. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das feine Teilchen ein poröses Teilchen ist, das Poren besitzt, die einen durchschnittlichen Durchmesser von mindestens 100 Å haben.
  3. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die funktionelle Gruppe auf der Oberfläche des feinen Teilchens zumindest eine Gruppe ist, die aus einer Glycidylgruppe, einer halogenierten Alkylgruppe und einer Aldehydgruppe ausgewählt ist.
  4. Herstellungsverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Vemetzungsmittel, das in der Lage ist, Polyethylenimin zu vernetzen, Epichlorhydrin oder eine polyfunktionelle Epoxyverbindung ist.
  5. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die polyfunktionelle Epoxyverbindung zumindest eine Verbindung ist, die aus Ethylenglykoldiglycidylether, Polyethylenglykol-diglycidylether, Polypropylenglykol-diglycidylether, 1,4-Butandiol-diglycidylether, Glycerin-polyglycidylether und Sorbit-polyglycidylether ausgewählt ist.
  6. Herstellungsverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Katalysator ein Alkalimetallhydroxid ist.
  7. Anionenaustauscher, der durch das Verfahren erhältlich ist, wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 beansprucht.
  8. Füllung für die Chromatographie, die aus dem Anionenaustauscher besteht, wie in Anspruch 7 beansprucht.
  9. Säule für die Chromatographie, die mit der Füllung gefüllt ist, wie in Anspruch 8 beansprucht.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A process for producing an anion exchanger which is a fine particle having a cured surface layer comprised of crosslinked polyethyleneimine and formed on the surface of the fine particle, characterized by comprising the steps of:
    • (1) a first step of dispersing a fine particle having a particle diameter of 1 to 100 µm and having a functional group capable of reacting with polyethyleneimine on the surface of the fine particle, in an aqueous solution of a crosslinking agent capable of crosslinking polyethyleneimine to prepare an aqueous dispersion of the fine particle; and
    • (2) a second step of adding the polyethyleneimine having a number average molecular weight of not larger than 10,000 and a catalyst for crosslinking the polyethyleneimine in the aqueous dispersion of the fine particle to carry out a reaction of bonding the polyethyleneimine to the functional group on the fine particle surface and a reaction of crosslinking the polyethyleneimine with the crooslinking agent.
  2. The production process according to claim 1, wherein the fine particle is a porous particle having pores having an average diameter of at least 100 Å.
  3. The production process according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the functional group on the fine particle surface is at least one member selected from a glycidyl group, a halogenated alkyl group and an aldehyde group.
  4. The production process according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the crosslinking agent capable of crosslinking polyethyleneimine is epichlorohydrin or a polyfunctional epoxy compound.
  5. The production process according to claim 4, wherein the polyfunctional epoxy compound is at least one compound selected from ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, polypropylene glycol diglycidyl ether, 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether, glycerol polyglycidyl ether and sorbitol polyglycidyl ether.
  6. The production process according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the catalyst is an alkali metal hydroxide.
  7. An anion exchanger which is obtainable by the process as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6.
  8. A packing for chromatography, which is comprised of the anion exchanger as claimed in claim 7.
  9. A column for chromatography, which is packed with the packing as claimed in claim 8.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de fabrication d'un échangeur d'anions qui est une fine particule comportant une couche de surface polymérisée constituée de polyéthylèneimine réticulée et formée à la surface de la fine particule, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend les étapes consistant en:
    • (1) une première étape consistant à disperser une fine particule présentant un diamètre de particule de 1 à 100 µm et comportant un groupement fonctionnel capable de réagir avec de la polyéthylèneimine sur la surface de la fine particule, dans une solution aqueuse d'un agent de réticulation capable de réticuler la polyéthylèneimine pour préparer une dispersion aqueuse de la fine particule, et
    • (2) une seconde étape consistant à ajouter la polyéthylèneimine présentant une masse moléculaire moyenne en nombre qui n'est pas supérieure à 10 000 et un catalyseur pour la réticulation de la polyéthylèneimine dans la dispersion aqueuse de la fine particule pour exécuter une réaction consistant à lier la polyéthylèneimine au groupement fonctionnel sur la surface de la fine particule et une réaction de réticulation de la polyéthylèneimine avec l'agent de réticulation.
  2. Procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la fine particule est une particule poreuse comportant des pores présentant un diamètre moyen d'au moins 100 Å.
  3. Procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le groupement fonctionnel sur la surface des fines particules est au moins un élément choisi parmi un groupe glycidyle, un groupement alkyle halogéné et un groupement aldéhyde.
  4. Procédé de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel l'agent de réticulation capable de réticuler la polyéthylèneimine est de l'épichlorhydrine ou un composé d'époxy polyfonctionnel.
  5. Procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le composé d'époxy polyfonctionnel est au moins un composé choisi parmi le diglycidyléther d'éthylèneglycol, le diglycidyléther de polyéthylèneglycol, le diglycidyléther de polypropylèneglycol, le diglycidyléther de 1,4-butanediol, le polyglycidyléther de glycérol et le polyglycidyléther de sorbitol.
  6. Procédé de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le catalyseur est un hydroxyde d'un métal alcalin.
  7. Echangeur d'anions qui peut être obtenu par le procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6.
  8. Elément de remplissage pour chromatographie, qui est constitué de l'échangeur d'anions selon la revendication 7.
  9. Colonne pour chromatographie, qui est remplie de l'élément de remplissage selon la revendication 8.






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