PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1306181 29.12.2005
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001306181
Titel VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINES REIFENS UND IN DIESEM VERFAHREN VERWENDETES VULKANISATIONSWERKZEUG AUS METALL
Anmelder Bridgestone Corp., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder MATSUNAGA, Hiroo, Kodaira-shi, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60115249
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 03.08.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 019555663
WO-Anmeldetag 03.08.2001
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/JP01/06703
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0002014042
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 21.02.2002
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.05.2003
EP date of grant 23.11.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.12.2005
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 33/42
IPC-Nebenklasse B29C 35/02   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a method of manufacturing a pneumatic tire and a vulcanization mold used therefor, and more particularly to a method of manufacturing a pneumatic tire comprising a bead portion provided with a protruding portion of, for example, a trapezoidal shape at its section, which is called a bead guard, through vulcanization-shaping and to a vulcanization split type mold for realizing the vulcanization-shaping in this method. Especially, the invention provides a bead guard showing a good appearance.

In the vulcanization-shaping of a radial ply tire among pneumatic tires, it is general to use a split type mold as a vulcanization mold capable of advantageously coping with a high precision finishing and a variety of tread patterns in the tire. All the tires described hereinafter indicate a radial ply tire.

The split type mold comprises a pair of side rings forming a pair of bead portions and a pair of sidewall portions of a pneumatic tire, and split segments for the formation of a tread portion of the pneumatic tire each freely going in and out inward and outward in a radial direction with respect to a center axis line of the side ring and engaging with the respective side ring as mentioned later in detail.

An integrally engaged face between the side ring and the segment is existent in a position corresponding to inward of the tire tread portion in a radial direction. Also, the side ring has an integrally engaged face with a bead ring shaping a part of a bead portion extending outward from a bead base in the radial direction, more specifically up to the vicinity of a central position of a flange height of an approved rim to be mounted with the tire during vulcanization.

When an uncured tire held in the split type mold is subjected to a vulcanization-shaping, a pressurized gas is filled into an inner face of the uncured tire to push the uncured tire onto the split type mold. As a result, air reservoirs are created between the split type mold and the uncured tire though the number of the air reservoirs is far less than that in a conventional full mold or so-called two-split mold. As the vulcanization proceeds at such a state, a rough face called a bare is formed in a cured tire to remarkably impair the appearance of the tire.

Even in the split type mold, therefore, through-type ventholes for venting air are disposed in many places easily causing the bare. In this case, rubber flowed into an inside of the venthole during the vulcanization results in many spew rubbers protruded from a surface of a tire after the vulcanization-shaping. Since it is required to remove these spew rubbers at a separate trimming step, there are caused problems that the number of working steps increases and direct material cost and industrial waste cost also increase and the appearance is impaired by trimmed traces.

For this end, it is variously attempted to largely decrease the number of the ventholes or remove them, but complete removal is not still attained.

When a pneumatic tire comprising a bead guard is vulcanization-shaped in the split type mold, an air reservoir is apt to be formed in a depressing portion of the side ring for the formation of the bead guard protruding outward from the tire on a circumference of the bead portion and frequently shaping into a torus.

The reserved air is compressed through rubber by pressure of a high-pressure gas acting to an inside of an uncured tire. A part of the compressed air is dispersed and lost around the depressing portion, while the remainder is particularly crowded between a corner part of the protruded portion like the bead guard at the outer surface of the tire and a bottom corner part of the depressing portion of the side ring corresponding thereto to create a bare in the corner part of the bead guard.

The thus created bare considerably impairs the appearance of the tire but also causes a problem that the bead guard deviates from the expected shape.

In order to prevent the occurrence of such bears, it is required to dispose many ventholes in the bottom corner part of the depressing portion of the side ring as previously mentioned. In this case, however, there are caused the aforementioned problems, and also an operation for removing spews from a top corner part of the bead guard is a particularly delicate operation such that damage must not be caused to the top corner part and causes difficulty at the removal through mechanical operation, which is different from the case of removing spews at the other tire positions. Further, since such a protruding portion is easily noticeable, it is apt to impair the appearance of the tire by traces damaging the top corner parts and spew-removed traces.

Attention is also drawn to the disclosures of JP-63-264308A, EP-A-0872324, JP-10-044156A, US-A-5798076, EP-A-0726174 and JP-8-047929A.

Therefore, the present invention aims to provide a method of manufacturing a pneumatic tire capable of forming a bead guard having an excellent appearance without creating a bare and spews in the bead guard and a vulcanization mold usable for carrying out this method.

According to the invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing a pneumatic tire comprising a tread portion, a pair of sidewall portions and a pair of bead portions communicating with both sides of the tread portion, and a bead guard disposed in at least one bead portion and protruding outward from the tire by vulcanization-shaping with a split type mold comprising a pair of annular side rings forming the pair of bead portions and the pair of sidewall portions and a plurality of split segments for the formation of the tread portion integrally united and engaged with the respective side ring, characterized in that an edge of a dividing face between mutually adjoining side ring pieces by annularly dividing the side ring inward and outward in a radial direction with respect to a center axis line of the split type mold and located at a side of a tire shaping face is positioned in a place corresponding to a depressing portion forming a bead guard, more preferably a place corresponding to a bottom of the depressing portion.

It is preferable that the edge of the dividing face between the mutually adjoining side ring pieces located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a place corresponding to a corner part of the depressing portion forming the bead guard.

When an uncured tire is pushed onto a shaping face of the mold, air easily escapes into such a place whereby a flow-displaced or deformed rubber of the uncured tire arrives at the shaping face of the mold at a rate slower than that of the other rubber portion and hence a bare is easily caused in such a place, so that when there are plural corner parts, it is preferable to position the edge of the dividing face between the mutually adjoining side ring pieces located at the side of the tire shaping face in a place corresponding to a deeper corner part.

On the other hand, when the uncured tire is gradually enlarged and deformed from inward to outward in the radial direction by using, for example, a shaping bladder in the vulcanization-shaping, it is preferable that the edge of the dividing face between the mutually adjoining side ring pieces located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a place corresponding to an outward corner part in the radial direction at a side delaying the enlarging deformation of the uncured tire among corner parts adjoining to each other inward and outward in the radial direction in the depressing portion forming the bead guard.

A vulcanization mold usable for carrying out the manufacturing method according to the invention is a vulcanization split type mold comprising a pair of annular side rings forming a pair of bead portions and a pair of sidewall portions of a pneumatic tire, a plurality of split segments for the formation of a tread portion of the pneumatic tire each freely going in and out inward and outward in a radial direction with respect to a center axis line of the side ring and engaging with the respective side ring and a depressing portion formed in at least one side ring for the formation of a bead guard protruding outward from the pneumatic tire in the bead portion, and is characterized in that the side ring is constructed with two or more side ring pieces annularly divided inward and outward in a radial direction with respect to a center axis line of the split type mold, and the depressing portion is formed in at least two adjoining side ring pieces, and an edge of a dividing face between the mutually adjoining side ring pieces located at a side of a tire shaping face is positioned in the depressing portion, preferably a bottom of the depressing portion.

In a preferable embodiment of such a mold, the edge of the dividing face between the mutually adjoining side ring pieces disposed in the depressing portion and located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a corner part at the bottom of the depressing portion.

When plural corner parts are existent in the bottom of the depressing portion forming the bead guard, it is preferable that the edge of the dividing face between the mutually adjoining side ring pieces forming the depressing portion and located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a deepest bottom corner part among the plural bottom corner parts, or that the edge of the dividing face between the mutually adjoining side ring pieces forming the depressing portion and located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in an outward bottom corner part in the radial direction among the plural bottom corner parts separated away from each other in the radial direction of the depressing portion.

Thus, as previously mentioned, ventilation can be smoothly and surely realized from a most easily air reserving portion such that the uncured tire most lately contacts with the tire shaping face of the mold.

Preferably, each of the side rings is divided into three or more side ring pieces.

More preferably, a chamfered portion specifying a position of the edge of the dividing face located at the side of the tire shaping face is formed in at least one of the mutually adjoining side ring pieces.

Further, it is preferable that the side ring pieces in each of the side rings have a structure capable of assembling and dissembling them and are integrally united with each other in a vulcanization work including open-close of a vulcanizing machine provided with the mold.

The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which

  • FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic right-half section view of a vulcanization mold according to the invention together with a pneumatic tire vulcanization-shaped therein;
  • FIG. 2 is an enlarged section view of a main part of the tire shown in FIG. 1; and
  • FIG. 3 is an enlarged section view of a main part of the split type mold shown in FIG. 1.

A pneumatic tire (hereinafter referred to as a tire) 1 shown only in sectional outline in FIG. 1 comprises a tread portion 2, a pair of sidewall portions (only one-side portion is shown) 3 and a pair of bead portions (only one-side portion is shown) 4 communicating with both sides of the tread portion 2.

At least one of the bead portions 4 is provided with a bead guard 5 protruding outward from the tire and extending continuously or disconnectedly on a circumference of the bead portion so as to take approximately an annular shape as a whole. The bead guard 5 may have, for example, substantially a sectional shape of a polygon, a mountain or the like, and the illustrated embodiment has a sectional shape of a trapezoid. Moreover, when the tire 1 is a run-flat tire, the bead guard 5 is disposed on each of both bead portions 4.

Furthermore, the tire 1 comprises a carcass of one or more rubberized plies of radially arranged cords and a belt located on an outer circumference of the carcass according to custom though they are not illustrated.

The tire 1 shown in FIG. 1 is a state just after the completion of vulcanization-shaping in a cavity of a split type mold 11. The split type mold 11 usually mounted on a vulcanizing machine (not shown) at a horizontal state comprises many split segments 12 forming the tread portion 2 of the tire 1 and a pair of upper and lower annular side rings 13 forming the pair of the sidewall portions 3 and the pair of the bead portions 4. The segments 12 are arc-shaped bodies of a tread ring divided in a circumferential direction of the tread portion 2. These segments 12 have a structure of freely going in and out inward and outward in a radial direction with respect to a center axis line (not shown) of the split type mold 11.

More specifically, the segments 12 are moved outward from a position shown in FIG. 1 up to a waiting place in a radial direction at a non-working time and moved inward in the radial direction at a working time so as to locate in the position shown in FIG. 1 by a radially moving means (not shown) with respect to the above center axis line.

On the other hand, a lower side ring 13 in the pair of upper and lower side rings 13 is fixed to a lower portion of the vulcanizing machine, while an upper side ring 13 is fixed to an upper portion of the vulcanizing machine capable of moving in up-down directions. In the invention, at least one of the side rings 13 is provided with an approximately annular depressing portion 15 forming the bead guard 5 disposed on the bead portion 4 of the tire 1. When each of the bead portions 4 is provided with the bead guard 5, each of the upper and lower side rings 13 is provided with the depressing portion. Moreover, a center axis line of the pair of the side rings 13 forms a center axis line of the split type mold 11 at the above fixation position, hereinafter called a center axis line.

Numeral 16 is a bead ring engaging with the side ring 13 and forming a part of the bead portion 4.

When an uncured tire having a toroidal shape near to the tire 1 is placed and vulcanization-shaped in the split type mold 11 under the above structure constituted by the segments 12 and the pair of the side rings 13, the segments 12 are moved inward from the waiting places in the radial direction and integrally united and engaged with each of the pair of the side rings 13.

Here, the side ring 13 provided with the depressing portion 15 is divided into two or more annular bodies at one inside and outside in the radial direction with respect to the center axis line. Each of these divided bodies is called a side ring piece.

The split type mold 11 shown in FIG. 1 comprises three divided side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2, 13-3. They are united together and placed in the vulcanizing machine. In these united side ring pieces 13-1 to 13-3, mutually adjoining dividing faces 13-1S, 13-2iS as well as 13-2oS, 13-3iS have an extremely slight space forming an air path but not permitting flow-in of rubber during the vulcanization-shaping of the tire 1.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, at least two side ring pieces, mutually adjoining two side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2 in the illustrated embodiment have edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE of the dividing faces 13-1S, 13-2iS located at a side of a tire shaping face on a bottom 15BS of the depressing portion 15. Ventholes or the like are not disposed in the depressing portion 15.

Thus, when the tire 1 is vulcanization-shaped by using the above split type mold 11, the edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE of the dividing faces 13-1S, 13-2iS of the mutually adjoining side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2 located at the side of the tire shaping face are positioned on an outer surface 5OS of the bead guard 5 protruding from the bead portion 4, so that the bead guard 5 is vulcanization-shaped in the depressing portion 15 defined between the respective side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2 at the inside and outside in the radial direction with respect to these edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE.

During the time ranging from the start of the vulcanization-shaping to the curing of rubber with the split type mold 11, air trapped and pressurized between rubber forming the bead guard 5 and the depressing portion 15 is smoothly discharged from the edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE of the adjoining side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2 through the dividing faces 13-1S, 13-2iS to an outside of the split type mold 11 without forming ventholes or the like in the depressing portion 15, so that the occurrence of bare is effectively prevented.

As a result, not only spew but also "rubber burr" are not formed on the bead guard 5, so that a good, undamaged appearance of the bead guard having an expected shape can be provided and an extra finishing step is not required.

Furthermore, the edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE located at the side of the tire shaping face are arranged on the adjoining side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2 having the depressing portion 15 in at least one of the radially inner corner part 15BSEi and radially outer corner part 15 BSEo of the bottom 15BS of the depressing portion 15 corresponding to the radially inner corner part 5OSEi and radially outer corner part 5OSEo of the outer surface 5OS of the bead guard 5 protruding from the tire 1, the radially outer corner part 15BSEo in FIGS. 1 and 3.

According to such a structure, in the vulcanization-shaping of the tire 1, the edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE of the side rings are positioned in at least one of the radially inner corner part 5OSEi and outer corner part 5OSEo at the outer surface 5OS of the bead guard 5, whereby an escape path can be given to air usually reserved in the corner part of the depressing portion 15 corresponding to at least one of the corner part 15BSEi, 15BSEo of the bottom 15BS.

In this connection, it is preferable to arrange the edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE located at the side of the tire shaping face on the adjoining side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2 having the depressing portion 15 in the outer corner part 15BSEo of the bottom 15BS of the depressing portion 15 forming the radially outer corner part 50SEo among the corner parts 5OSEi, 5OSEo of the outer surface 5OS of the bead guard 5 separated away from each other in the radial direction, or a deeper part among corner parts 15BSEi, 15BSEo existing in the bottom 15BS of the depressing portion 15, bottom corner part 15BSEo in the illustrated embodiment.

That is, the edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE of the dividing faces of the side ring pieces are position in the radially outer corner part 5OSEo among the corner parts 5OSEi, 5OSEo of the outer surface 5OS of the bead guard 5 separated away from each other in the radial direction, or the deepest bottom corner part 15BSEo of the depressing portion 15 in the vulcanization-shaping of the tire 1, whereby smooth ventilation can be conducted from a most air reservable portion as previously mentioned.

Also, it is preferable that each of the pair of the side rings 13 is constituted with three or more divided side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2, 13-3, 13-n (natural number of not less than n=1). In this way, it is possible to eliminate any inferior bare without arranging ventholes in each side ring 13 contributing to the formation of the sidewall portion 3 of the tire 1, namely forming spews in the sidewall portion 3.

Preferably, as shown by a phantom line in FIG. 3, a chamfered portion specifying edges 13-1SE, 13-2iSE, 13-2oSE, 13-3iSE of the dividing faces located at the side of the tire shaping face is arranged in at least one of the adjoining side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2 and the adjoining side ring pieces 13-2, 13-3. FIG. 3 shows a case of arranging the chamfered portions in the radially inner side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2.

The chamfered portion facilitates the flowing of air trapped in the depressing portion 15 into each of spaces between the dividing faces 13-1S and 13-2iS and between the dividing faces 13-2oS and 13-3iS and reduces the pressure of the trapped air flowing into these dividing faces, and hence the thickness of "burr" protruded rubber film is made thinner to develop an effect of facilitating a burr-removing operation. Besides, a fine band-shaped rubber formed in the chamfered portion as shown by a phantom line in FIG. 2 brings about an additional value as an ornament for the bead guard 5.

Further, each of the side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2, 13-3 has a structure capable of assembling and dissembling at the side of the same side ring 13, and is preferably has a structure such that the side ring pieces 13-1, 13-2, 13-3 are integrally united with each other to form a one-piece type side ring 13 at a vulcanization shaping time inclusive of opening and closing of a vulcanizing machine provided with a mold or a split type mold 11.

The invention will be further described with reference to the following Examples.

There is provided a radial ply tire for a passenger car having a tire size of 225/60R15, wherein a carcass is a rubberized ply of polyester cords of 1500 D/2 and is wound around a bead core embedded in each of a pair of bead portions 4 from an inside of the tire toward an outside thereof up to the vicinity neighborhood of the maximum tire width to form a turnup portion and a tread portion 2 has a belt therein, and each of the pair of bead portions 4 is provided with a bead guard 5 of a trapezoidal section shape and a bead filler rubber.

Five tires of Example 1 are manufactured by vulcanization-shaping with a split type mold shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 having no chamfered portion, while five tires of Example 2 are manufactured by vulcanization-shaping with a split type mold having chamfered portions. On the contrary, five tires of Conventional Example are manufactured by subjecting the same uncured tire as in the example tire to vulcanization-shaping with a conventional split type mold having many ventholes in positions forming sidewall portion 3 and bead guard 5 and a pair of single side rings. As an evaluation, presence or absence of bare formation, presence or absence of spews, appearance of "burrs" and finish state of sidewall portion 3 and bead portion 4 as a whole are observed, respectively. The observed results are shown in Table 1. Example 1 Example 2 Conventional Example Presence or absence of burr formation absence absence presence Presence or absence of spews burr appearance absence formation of some burrs absence substantially no burr presence of many spews require spew removing work spew removal is difficult at corner part of bead guard Finish state of bead portion - sidewall portion substantially no problem, good no problem very good irregular removal of spew, presence of cut damage at corner part of bead guard, poor appearance

As seen from the results of Table 1, the appearance in the bead guard 5 and the sidewall portion 3 is considerably improved in the tires of Examples 1 and 2 as compared with the conventional tire, and the work of removing spews in these portions is not required and hence the productivity is improved. In the comparison between the tires of Examples 1 and 2, the chamfering is effective in view of the formation of "burr".

According to the invention, the side ring in the split type mold is a uniting system of annular divided side ring pieces and edges of dividing faces between mutually adjoining side ring pieces located at a side of a tire shaping face are positioned in a place corresponding to a bottom of a depressing portion for the formation of a bead guard to prevent the formation of bare without forming spews on a bead guard of a pneumatic tire, whereby there can be manufactured a pneumatic tire provided with a bead guard having a given accurate shape and an excellent appearance.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Fertigen eines Luftreifens (1), der einen Laufflächenabschnitt (2), ein Paar von Seitenwandabschnitten (3) und ein Paar von Wulstabschnitten (4), die mit beiden Seiten des Laufflächenabschnitts in Verbindung stehen, und einen Wulstschutz (5), der in wenigstens einem Wulstabschnitt angeordnet ist und von dem Reifen nach außen vorsteht, umfasst, durch Vulkanisationsformen mit einer Backenform (11), die ein Paar von ringförmigen Seitenringen (13), die das Paar von Wulstabschnitten und das Paar von Seitenwandabschnitten formen, und mehrere Backenformsegmente (12) zum Formen des Laufflächenabschnitts, integral vereint und in Eingriff mit dem jeweiligen Seitenring, umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß eine Kante (13-1SE, 13-2iSE) einer Teilungsfläche (13-1S, 13-2iS) zwischen durch Teilen des Seitenrings (13) nach innen und nach außen in einer Radialrichtung im Verhältnis zu einer Mittelachsenlinie der Backenform (11) aneinanderstoßenden und an einer Seite einer Reifenformfläche befindlichen Seitenringstücken (13-1, 13-2) an einer Stelle positioniert ist, die einem Absenkungsabschnitt (15) entspricht, der einen Wulstschutz (5) formt.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kante der Teilungsfläche zwischen den an der Seite der Reifenformfläche befindlichen aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken an einer Stelle positioniert ist, die einem Unterteil (15BS) des Absenkungsabschnitts entspricht.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kante der Teilungsfläche zwischen den an der Seite der Reifenformfläche befindlichen aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken an einer Stelle positioniert ist, die einem Eckteil (15BSEi, 15BSEo) des Absenkungsabschnitts entspricht, der den Wulstschutz formt.
  4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kante der Teilungsfläche zwischen den an der Seite der Reifenformfläche befindlichen aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken an einer Stelle positioniert ist, die unter mehreren Eckteilen (15BSEi, 15BSEo) des Absenkungsabschnitts, der den Wulstschutz formt, einem tieferen Eckteil entspricht.
  5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kante der Teilungsfläche zwischen den an der Seite der Reifenformfläche befindlichen aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken an einer Stelle positioniert ist, die unter den nach innen und nach außen in der Radialrichtung aneinanderstoßenden Eckteilen (15BSEi, 15BSEo) in dem Absenkungsabschnitt, der den Wulstschutz formt, einem äußeren Eckteil (15BSEo) in der Radialrichtung an einer Seite, welche die Vergrößerungsverformung des nichtvulkanisierten Reifens verzögert, entspricht.
  6. Vulkanisationsbackenform (11), die ein Paar von ringförmigen Seitenringen (13), die ein Paar von Wulstabschnitten (4) und ein Paar von Seitenwandabschnitten (3) eines Luftreifens formen, und mehrere Backenformsegmente (12) zum Formen des Laufflächenabschnitts, die jedes frei nach innen und nach außen in einer Radialrichtung im Verhältnis zu einer Mittelachsenlinie des Seitenrings ein- und ausgehen und mit dem jeweiligen Seitenring ineinandergreifen, und einen in wenigstens einem Seitenring geformten Absenkungsabschnitt (15) zum Formen eines Wulstschutzes (5), der im Wulstabschnitt von dem Luftreifen nach außen vorsteht, umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Seitenring (13) aus zwei oder mehr Seitenringstücken (13-1, 13-2) aufgebaut ist, ringförmig nach innen und nach außen in einer Radialrichtung im Verhältnis zu einer Mittelachsenlinie der Backenform geteilt, und der Absenkungsabschnitt (15) in wenigstens zwei aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken geformt ist und eine Kante (13-1SE, 13-2iSE) einer geteilten Fläche (13-1S, 13-2iS) zwischen den an einer Seite einer Reifenformfläche befindlichen aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken in dem Absenkungsabschnitt, vorzugsweise einem Unterteil (15BS) des Absenkungsabschnitts, positioniert ist.
  7. Vulkanisationsbackenform nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kante der Teilungsfläche zwischen den im Absenkungsabschnitt angeordneten und an der Seite der Reifenformfläche befindlichen aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken in einem Unterteil (15BS) des Absenkungsabschnitts positioniert ist.
  8. Vulkanisationsbackenform nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kante der Teilungsfläche zwischen den im Absenkungsabschnitt angeordneten und an der Seite der Reifenformfläche befindlichen aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken in einem Eckteil (15BSEi, 15BSEo) am Unterteil (15BS) des Absenkungsabschnitts positioniert ist.
  9. Vulkanisationsbackenform nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kante der Teilungsfläche zwischen den aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken, die den Absenkungsabschnitt formen und an der Seite der Reifenformfläche befindlich sind, unter mehreren Untereckteilen (15BSEi, 15BSEo) des Absenkungsabschnitts in einem untersten Untereckteil positioniert ist.
  10. Vulkanisationsbackenform nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kante der Teilungsfläche zwischen den aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücken, die den Absenkungsabschnitt formen und an der Seite der Reifenformfläche befindlich sind, unter mehreren voneinander in der Radialrichtung getrennten Untereckteilen (15BSEi, 15BSEo) des Absenkungsabschnitts in einem äußeren Untereckteil (15BSEo) positioniert ist.
  11. Vulkanisationsbackenform nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jeder der Seitenringe in drei oder mehr Seitenringteile (13-1, 13-2, 13-3) geteilt ist
  12. Vulkanisationsbackenform nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 11, wobei ein abgeschrägter Abschnitt, der eine Position der Kante der Teilungsfläche, befindlich an der Seite der Reifenformfläche, spezifiziert, in wenigstens einem der aneinanderstoßenden Seitenringstücke geformt ist.
  13. Vulkanisationsbackenform nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Seitenringstücke in jedem der Seitenringe eine Struktur haben, die zusammengebaut und auseinandergebaut werden kann, und bei einer Vulkanisationsarbeit, einschließlich des Öffnens und Schließens einer mit der Form bereitgestellten Vulkanisationsmaschine, integral miteinander vereint werden.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of manufacturing a pneumatic tire (1) comprising a tread portion (2), a pair of sidewall portions (3) and a pair of bead portions (4) communicating with both sides of the tread portion, and a bead guard (5) disposed in at least one bead portion and protruding outward from the tire by vulcanization-shaping with a split type mold (11) comprising a pair of annular side rings (13) forming the pair of bead portions and the pair of sidewall portions and a plurality of split segments (12) for the formation of the tread portion integrally united and engaged with the respective side ring, characterized in that an edge (13-1SE, 13-2iSE) of a dividing face (13-1S, 13-2iS) between mutually adjoining side ring pieces (13-1, 13-2) by annularly dividing the side ring (13) inward and outward in a radial direction with respect to a center axis line of the split type mold (11) and located at a side of a tire shaping face is positioned in a place corresponding to a depressing portion (15) forming a bead guard (5).
  2. A method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the edge of the dividing face between the adjoining side ring pieces located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a place corresponding to a bottom (15BS) of the depressing portion.
  3. A method as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the edge of the dividing face between the adjoining side ring pieces located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a place corresponding to a corner part (15BSEi, 15BSEo) of the depressing portion forming the bead guard.
  4. A method as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the edge of the dividing face between the adjoining side ring pieces located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a place corresponding to a deeper corner part among plural corner parts (15BSEi, 15BSEo) of the depressing portion forming the bead guard.
  5. A method as claimed in any of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the edge of the dividing face between the adjoining side ring pieces located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a place corresponding to an outward corner part (15BSEo) in the radial direction at a side delaying the enlarging deformation of the uncured tire among corner parts (15BSEi, 15BSEo) adjoining to each other inward and outward in the radial direction in the depressing portion forming the bead guard.
  6. A vulcanization split type mold (11) comprising a pair of annular side rings (13) forming a pair of bead portions (4) and a pair of sidewall portions (3) of a pneumatic tire, a plurality of split segments (12) for the formation of a tread portion (2) of the pneumatic tire each freely going in and out inward and outward in a radial direction with respect to a center axis line of the side ring and engaging with the respective side ring, and a depressing portion (15) formed in at least one side ring for the formation of a bead guard (5) protruding outward from the pneumatic tire in the bead portion, characterized in that the side ring (13) is constructed with two or more side ring pieces (13-1, 13-2) annularly divided inward and outward in a radial direction with respect to a center axis line of the split type mold, and the depressing portion (15) is formed in at least two adjoining side ring pieces, and an edge (13-1SE, 13-2iSE) of a divided face (13-1S, 13-2iS) between the mutually adjoining side ring pieces located at a side of a tire shaping face is positioned in the depressing portion, preferably a bottom (15BS) of the depressing portion.
  7. A vulcanization split type mold as claimed in claim 6,characterized in that the edge of the dividing face between the adjoining side ring pieces disposed in the depressing portion and located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a bottom (15BS) of the depressing portion.
  8. A vulcanization split type mold as claimed in claim 6 or 7,characterized in that the edge of the dividing face between the adjoining side ring pieces disposed in the depressing portion and located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a corner part (15BSEi, 15BSEo) at the bottom (15BS) of the depressing portion.
  9. A vulcanization split type mold as claimed in any of claims 6 to 8, characterized in that the edge of the dividing face between the adjoining side ring pieces forming the depressing portion and located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in a deepest bottom corner part among plural bottom corner parts (15BSEi, 15BSEo) of the depressing portion.
  10. A vulcanization split type mold as claimed in any of claims 6 to 8, characterized in that the edge of the dividing face between the adjoining side ring pieces forming the depressing portion and located at the side of the tire shaping face is positioned in an outward bottom corner part (15BSEo) in the radial direction among plural bottom corner parts (15BSEi, 15BSEo) separated away from each other in the radial direction of the depressing portion.
  11. A vulcanization split type mold as claimed in any of claims 6 to 10, characterized in that each of the side rings is divided into three or more side ring pieces (13-1, 13-2, 13-3).
  12. A vulcanization split type mold as claimed in any of claims 6 to 11, wherein a chamfered portion specifying a position of the edge of the dividing face located at the side of the tire shaping face is formed in at least one of the mutually adjoining side ring pieces.
  13. A vulcanization split type mold as claimed in any of claims 6 to 12, characterized in that the side ring pieces in each of the side rings have a structure capable of being assembled and dissembled and are integrally united with each other in a vulcanization work inclusive of opening and closing of a vulcanization machine provided with the mold.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de fabrication d'un bandage pneumatique (1) comprenant une partie de bande de roulement (2), une paire de parties de flanc (3) et une paire de parties de talon (4) en communication avec les deux côtés de la partie de bande de roulement, et un élément protecteur de talon (5) disposé dans au moins une partie de talon et faisant saillie vers l'extérieur à partir du pneu par mise à forme lors de la vulcanisation avec un moule du type divisé (11) comprenant une paire de bagues latérales annulaires (13) formant la paire de parties de talon et la paire de parties de flancs et une pluralité de segments divisés (12) pour la formation de la partie de bande de roulement reliés intégralement et venant en prise avec l'anneau latéral respectif, caractérisé en ce que le bord (13-1SE, 13-2iSE) de la face de division (13-1S, 13-2iS) entre les pièces annulaires latérales mutuellement adjacentes (13-1, 13-2) en divisant en anneaux la bague latérale (13) vers l'intérieur et vers l'extérieur dans la direction radiale par rapport à la ligne d'axe centrale du moule du type divisé (11) et situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné en un emplacement correspondant à la partie d'enfoncement (15) formant l'élément protecteur de talon (5).
  2. Procédé comme revendiqué dans la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le bord de la face de division entre les pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné en un emplacement correspondant à un fond (15BS) de la partie d'enfoncement.
  3. Procédé comme revendiqué dans la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que le bord de la face de division entre les pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné en un emplacement correspondant à une partie de coin (15BSEi, 15BSEo) de la partie d'enfoncement formant l'élément protecteur de talon.
  4. Procédé comme revendiqué dans une quelconque des revendication 1 à 3,caractérisé en ce que le bord de la face de division entre les pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné en un emplacement correspondant à une partie de coin plus profonde parmi plusieurs parties de coin (15BSEi, 15BSEo) de la partie d'enfoncement formant l'élément protecteur de talon.
  5. Procédé comme revendiqué dans une quelconque des revendication 1 à 4,caractérisé en ce que le bord de la face de division entre les pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné en un emplacement correspondant à une partie de coin vers l'extérieur (15BSEo) dans la direction radiale d'un côté retardant la déformation d'agrandissement du pneu non vulcanisé parmi les parties de coin (15BSEi, 15BSEo) adjacentes l'une à l'autre vers l'intérieur et vers l'extérieur dans la direction radiale dans la partie d'enfoncement formant l'élément protecteur de talon.
  6. Moule de vulcanisation du type divisé (11) comprenant une paire de bagues latérales annulaires (13) formant une paire de parties de talon (4) et une paire de parties de flanc (3) d'un bandage pneumatique, une pluralité de segments divisés (12) pour la formation d'une partie de bande de roulement (2) du bandage pneumatique chacun entrant et sortant librement vers l'intérieur et vers l'extérieur dans la direction radiale par rapport à la ligne d'axe central de l'anneau latéral et venant en prise avec l'anneau latéral respectif, et une partie d'enfoncement (15) formée dans au moins un anneau latéral pour la formation d'un élément protecteur de talon (5) faisant saillie vers l'extérieur à partir du bandage pneumatique dans la partie de talon, caractérisé en ce que l'anneau latéral (13) est constitué de deux ou plusieurs pièces annulaires latérales (13-1, 13-2) divisées en anneaux vers l'intérieur et vers l'extérieur dans la direction radiale par rapport à la ligne d'axe centrale du moule de type divisé, et la partie d'enfoncement (15) est formée dans au moins deux pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes, et un bord (13-1SE, 13-2iSE) d'une face divisée (13-1S; 13-2iS) entre les pièces annulaires latérales mutuellement adjacentes situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné dans la partie d'enfoncement, préférablement un fond (15BS) de la partie d'enfoncement.
  7. Moule de vulcanisation du type divisé comme revendiqué dans la revendication 6,caractérisé en ce que le bord de la face de division entre les pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes disposé dans la partie d'enfoncement et situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné dans un fond (15BS) de la partie d'enfoncement.
  8. Moule de vulcanisation du type divisé comme revendiqué dans la revendication 6 ou 7, caractérisé en ce que le bord de la face de division entre les pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes disposé dans la partie d'enfoncement et situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné dans une partie de coin (15BSEi, 15BSEo) au fond (15BS) de la partie d'enfoncement.
  9. Moule de vulcanisation du type divisé comme revendiqué dans une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8, caractérisé en ce que le bord de la face de division entre les pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes formant la partie d'enfoncement et situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné dans une partie de coin de fond la plus profonde parmi plusieurs parties de coin de fond (15BSEi, 15BSEo) de la partie d'enfoncement.
  10. Moule de vulcanisation du type divisé comme revendiqué dans une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8, caractérisé en ce que le bord de la face de division entre les pièces annulaires latérales adjacentes formant la partie d'enfoncement et situé du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est positionné dans une partie de coin de fond vers l'extérieur (15BSEo) dans la direction radiale parmi plusieurs parties de coin de fond (15BSEi, 15BSEo) séparées l'une de l'autre dans la direction radiale de la partie d'enfoncement.
  11. Moule de vulcanisation du type divisé comme revendiqué dans une quelconque des revendications 6 à 10, caractérisé en ce que chacun des anneaux latéraux est divisé en trois ou plusieurs pièces annulaires latérales (13-1,13-2,13-3).
  12. Moule de vulcanisation du type divisé comme revendiqué dans une quelconque des revendications 6 à 11, dans lequel une partie chanfreinée spécifiant la position du bord de la face de division située du côté de la face de mise à forme de pneu est formée dans au moins une des pièces annulaires latérales mutuellement adjacentes.
  13. Moule de vulcanisation du type divisé comme revendiqué dans une quelconque des revendications 6 à 12, caractérisé en ce que les pièces annulaires latérales dans chacun des anneaux latéraux possèdent une structure capable d'assemblage et de désassemblage et sont reliées intégralement l'une à l'autre dans l'opération de vulcanisation, y compris durant l'ouverture et la fermeture de la machine de vulcanisation prévue avec le moule.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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