PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1048863 02.02.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001048863
Titel Spindelmotor und komplexer Lagervorrichtung für einen Spindelmotor
Anmelder Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., Osaka, JP
Erfinder Murabe, Kaoru, Itami-shi, Hyogo, JP;
Otsuki, Makoto, Itami-shi, Hyogo, JP;
Komura, Osamu, Itami-shi, Hyogo, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60025066
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 28.04.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 003036399
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.11.2000
EP date of grant 28.12.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 02.02.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse F16C 39/06(2006.01)A, F, I, ,  ,  ,   
IPC-Nebenklasse H02K 7/09(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      F16C 33/04(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a complex bearing apparatus that incorporates a radial hydrodynamic bearing and an axial magnetic bearing. Also, the present invention relates to a spindle motor that incorporates the complex bearing assembly or mechanism.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

A complex bearing assembly or mechanism, which includes a hydrodynamic bearing for the radial support and a magnetic bearing for the axial support, has widely been employed as one component of a spindle motor for use in a magnetic memory device such as hard disc drive and a laser scanner for attaining a high-speed and high-precision rotation of the motor.

In this conventional complex bearing assembly, in particular a frictional wear at the radial dynamic bearing has been considered as a problematic matter that should be solved. Specifically, at the very beginning of the rotation of the motor in which the rotational speed of the motor has not been increased enough, the hydrodynamic pressure generated in the radial bearing is still small. Disadvantageously, this results in a continuous and/or discontinuous frictional contact in between a support member and a rotatably member supported for rotation, e.g., a fixed sleeve and a shaft inserted in the sleeve. Then, when the rotational speed of the motor is increased to a certain extent and, thereby, a rotational axis of the rotating member is stabled, the frictional contact between the suport and rotatable members will come to an end.

As is known in the art, the frictional contact results in a frictional wear that decreases a durability of the spindle motor. The frictional wear depends upon the transitional rotational speed at which the frictional contact between the shaft and the sleeve comes to an end. That is, the frictional wear increases in proportion to the transitional rotational speed. This in turn means that, in order to attain a highly reliable bearing assembly and spindle motor having such bearing assembly, the transitional rotational speed is required to be minimized.

In the meantime, in the complex bearing assembly in which the shaft is extended vertically, a load or gravity of a rotational portion or rotor of the bearing assembly acts on the axial bearing and a centrifugal force caused by an unbalanced force of the rotor acts on the radial bearing. Also, no static force acts in a certain direction on the radial bearing, which in turn means that a portion where the radial bearing receives the centrifugal force moves with the rotation of the rotor.

Therefore, when the rotor rotates at a relatively low speed, the centrifugal force due to the unbalanced force of the rotor is greater than the hydrodynamic force derived in the radial bearing, which allows the sleeve to contact with the shaft. The contact portion between the shaft and sleeve moves around the shaft continuously. If the contact could be retained until a relatively high rotational speed of rotor, an increased contact force or energy consumption between the contacting rotor and shaft will provide a significant wear or damage to both rotor and shaft.

A most effective way to solve those problems is to increase the hydrodynamic force at the lower rotational speed of the rotor. In general, the hydrodynamic force changes according to diameter, length, and eccentricity of the bearing members and clearance between opposing sleeve and shaft. Specifically, the hydrodynamic force increases with the increase of diameter and length and the with the decrease of the clearance. The increase of the diameter and length results in an increase of the size of the motor and a system incorporating the motor, which fails to meet the current tendency of a compactness of the device. Also, a reduction in clearance requires a significant precision for manufacturing of the shaft and sleeve. Further, the eccentricity, which is determined by the unbalanced mass, can not be controlled in practice.

On the other hand, the increase of diameter, length, or the decrease of clearance may result in a great increase of the rotational friction or resistance, which gives rise to an increase of power consumption by the motor that incorporates such bearing. In addition, the conventional hydrodynamic bearing, which changes its performance with the termperature at use, decreases its threshold rotational number for an instability such as half frequency whirl.

EP-A-0794344 discloses a bearing assembly in which rotor eccentricity is provided by slightly different magnetic balance between inner and outer radially spaced magnet members providing axial bearing support.

JP-A-11082508 discloses a bearing assembly with axially spaced magnet members providing axial bearing support.

EP-A-0528274 discloses a bearing assembly with first and second axially spaced pairs of inner and outer magnets providing axial bearing support.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention provides a complex bearing assembly, comprising a base member; a first cylindrical member having a cylindrical outer periphery defined therein; a second cylindrical member having a cylindrical inner periphery defined therein, said inner periphery having a greater diameter than that of said outer periphery of said first member, wherein said outer periphery of said first member is positioned in said inner periphery of said second member, and wherein one of said first and second cylindrical members is fixed to said base member so that the other of said first and second cylindrical members rotates relative to said one of said first and second cylindrical members; a radial bearing formed by said opposed inner and outer peripheries for supporting said other cylindrical member in a radial direction relative to said one fixed cylindrical member by means of a hydrodynamic force generated by a rotational movement of said other rotatable cylindrical member relative to said one fixed cylindrical member between said opposing inner and outer peripheries; and an axial bearing having a first inner magnetic member secured on said other rotatable cylindrical member and extended around a rotational axis of said bearing assembly and a second outer magnetic member secured relative to said one fixed cylindrical member and extended around said first magnetic member leaving a radial gap therebetween so that said first inner and second outer magnetic members cooperate to generate a magnetic force therebetween for supporting said other rotatable member in an axial direction relative to said one fixed cylindrical member, wherein said first inner magnetic member is positioned in a coaxial fashion with said rotational axis of said bearing assembly and characterised in that the said second outer magnetic member is positioned in an eccentric fashion with said rotational axis of said bearing assembly, and in that the ratio between the eccentricity of said second outer magnetic member relative to said periphery of said one fixed cylindrical member and the mean radial gap defined between said first inner and second outer magnet members ranges from 0.01 to 0.3, said eccentricity being defined as the radial distance between the center of said outer magnet (5) and the center of said inner magnet (6) when said first (2) and said second (3) cylindrical members are positioned in a coaxial relationship.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a schematic cross sectional view of a spindle motor incorporating a complex bearing assembly according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a schematic cross sectional views of magnet rings showing an eccentric arrangement of the magnet;
  • Fig. 3 is a schematic cross sectional view of a spindle motor incorporating another complex bearing assembly according to the second embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 4 shows a closed loop tracking around the shaft or sleeve in an exaggerated fashion and coaxially arranged minimum circumscribed and maximum inscribed circles for the closed loop;
  • Figs. 5A to 5C show appearances of sleeve and/or shaft;
  • Fig. 6 is a schematic side elevational view of a device for measuring the rotational number of the motor at which the rotatable member becomes to lose frictional contacts with the adjacent fixed member; and
  • Fig. 7 is a graph showing variations of the rotational number and a signal waveform indicating vibrations generated in the motor.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

With reference to the drawings, descriptions will be made to several embodiments of the present invention. It should be noted that like numerals indicate like parts or portions throughout the drawings.

FIRST EMBODIMENT

Referring first to Fig. 1, a complex bearing assembly or structure according to the first embodiment of the present invention is illustrated. Generally, the complex bearing assembly includes a radial hydrodynamic bearing and an axial magnetic bearing. Specifically, the complex bearing assembly has a base member or fixed housing 1. The housing 1 supports a vertical shaft 2. Also, a hollow cylindrical sleeve 3 is positioned around the shaft 2 so that it can rotate around the shaft 2, thereby forming a radial hydrodynamic bearing between the shaft 2 and the sleeve 3.

The housing 1 includes a hollow cylindrical portion 4 spaced apart from and positioned around the sleeve 3. A permanent magnet 5 or magnetic ring is secured on and along an inner surface of the cylindrical portion 4. Another permanent magnet 6 or magnetic ring is secured on and along a bottom portion of the sleeve 3 so that it opposes radially to the permanent magnet 5.

Referring to Fig. 2, the magnets 5 and 6 are magnetized in an axial direction thereof so that they attract each other, thereby forming an axial bearing. Specifically, in this embodiment, the outer magnet 5 is provided at its top and bottom surface with South and North poles, respectively, and the inner magnet 6 is provided at its top and bottom surface with North and South poles, respectively.

In particular, the outer and inner magnets, 5 and 6, are positioned so that, when the shaft 2 and sleeve 3 are positioned in a coaxial relationship, the inner magnet 6 stays in a coaxial fashion with the shaft 2 and sleeve 3 but the outer magnet 5 stays eccentrically to the shaft 2 and sleeve. Preferably, the eccentricity (indicated by alphabet "e" in Fig. 2) is determined so that a ratio of the eccentricity (i.e., e) to a mean gap (i.e., dmean) defined by the following equation (1) ranges about 0.01 to 0.3, more preferably 0.02 to 0.1. dmean = dmax + dmin / (2)    dmax: Maximum gap between inner and outer magnets

   dmin: Minimum gap between inner and outer magnets

In this embodiment, the eccentricity is provided simply by positioning the outer magnet 5 eccentrically by the use of, for example, a spacing member not shown extending around the outer magnet 5 and between the outer magnet 5 and the cylindrical portion 4. Alternatively, the eccentricity may be provided simply by securing the outer magnet 5 in an eccentric fashion with the cylindrical portion 4 by the use of suitable adhesive.

In addition, the rotor 3 carries a rotor 7 having a horizontal portion extending outwardly from the sleeve 3 and a vertical portion (hollow cylindrical portion) extending downwardly from the horizontal portion. Also, the rotor 7 is designed so that the vertical portion defines a cylindrical gap around the cylindrical portion 4 of the housing 1. The vertical portion of the rotor 7 carries a rotor magnet 8 or magnetic ring arranged along its inner peripheral surface of the vertical portion. The cylindrical portion 4, on the other hand, carries a stator coil 9 around its outer peripheral surface. The stator coil 9 is electrically connected with an AC power supply not shown so that it can be applied with an AC electric power to rotate the rotor 7 as well as sleeve 3 around the shaft 2.

In operation of the complex bearing assembly so constructed, the AC power is supplied to the stator coil 9. This results in a change in the magnetic field between the stator coil 9 and the rotor magnet 8, allowing the rotor 7 and the sleeve 3 to rotate around the shaft 2 in a predetermined direction. The rotation gives rise to a hydrodynamic force in a hydrodynamic bearing chamber between the shaft 2 and the sleeve 3, which forms a positive and constant gap therebetween. In the vertical direction, the rotating sleeve 3 is kept in position relative to the housing 1 and in a spaced fashion from the housing 1, due to the magnetic attraction force generated between the opposed permanent magnets 5 and 6 mounted on the housing 1 and sleeve 3, respectively. In view of above, the rotating sleeve 3 and rotor 7 is retained around the shaft 2 without any frictional contact with fixed portions.

In particular, since in the axial bearing the magnet 5 is eccentrically arranged in the radial direction relative to the axes of the shaft 2 and sleeve 3, the rotating sleeve 3 is magnetically forced to a certain direction, e.g., from left to right in Fig. 2. Also, as described above, the hydrodynamic force increases with the decrease of the gap between the shaft 2 and the sleeve 3. Therefore, the eccentricity of the magnet 5 generates a greater hydrodynamic force at the minimum gap portion between the shaft 2 and the sleeve 3. Also, since the eccentric magnet 5 is fixed in position, the rotating sleeve 3 is always forced toward the eccentric direction. This results in that, even when the sleeve 3 rotates in a relatively lower speed, it is forced to the direction, generating a greater hydrodynamic force between the sleeve 3 and the shaft 2. This in turn ensures that the sleeve 3 becomes to lose frictional contact with the shaft 2 at lower rotational speed of the sleeve 3, reducing the wear of both shaft 2 and the sleeve 3 due to the frictional contact caused therebetween.

As described above, according to the first embodiment of the complex bearing assembly, the eccentrically arranged magnet in the axial bearing provides the rotor with the eccentric force in one radial direction and thereby generates the increased hydrodynamic force between the sleeve and the shaft, allowing the rotor to be retained in a stable condition even in the reduced rotational speed of the rotor. This in turn reduces the rotational speed of the rotor at which the rotor becomes to lose frictional contacts with the shaft, also reducing the wears of the sleeve and the shaft.

It is to be understood that the eccentricity of the magnet should be determined carefully, i.e., in the range as described above. This is because the smaller eccentricity generates a less eccentric force and, on the other hand, the greater eccentricity creates an excessive eccentric force, both of which increases the rotational number or rotational frequency at which the rotating sleeve becomes to lose frictional contacts with the shaft

SECOND EMBODIMENT

Referring next to Fig. 3, there is shown a second embodiment of the complex bearing assembly for use with the spindle motor, for example. The complex bearing assembly includes a securely supported stator or housing 11 in the form of hollow cylinder. A sleeve 12 in the form of hollow cylinder is securely held in the cylindrical housing 11 in a coaxial fashion. A shaft 12 is inserted and positioned in the sleeve for rotation about its longitudinal axis. The shaft 12 bears a rotor 17 having a horizontal portion or disc extending outwardly from one end of the shaft 12 and beyond the sleeve 18. The horizontal portion in turn supports a vertical portion extending downwardly from a peripheral edge of the horizontal portion so that the vertical portion surrounds around and spaces away from the cylindrical housing 11, leaving a certain gap therebetween. The vertical portion of the rotor 17 carries a rotor magnet 8 or magnet ring extending around and along the inner peripheral surface of the vertical portion. Corresponding to the rotor magnet 8, an associated stator coil 9 is securely provided on and around an outer peripheral surface of the cylindrical housing 11 so that it opposes to and spaces away from the rotor magnet 8.

Also, a magnet 15 or magnet ring is securely provided around the inner peripheral surface of the housing 11 and at the bottom end of the cylindrical sleeve 13 so that it faces to a portion, e.g., lower end surface of the shaft 12. The shaft 13, on the other hand, holds an associated magnet 16 or magnet ring so that the magnets 15 and 16 opposes to each other while leaving a certain gap therebetween. In particular, similar to the first embodiment, the inner magnet 16 is positioned in a coaxial fashion with the shaft 13. Contrary to this, the outer magnet 15 is positioned out of coaxial fashion with the sleeve 13 simply by, for example, arranging an eccentric spacer or ring between the magnet 15 and the cylindrical housing 11.

In operation of the complex bearing assembly according to the second embodiment, an AC power is supplied to the stator coil 9, causing the rotor 17 and the shaft 12 to rotate about a longitudinal axis of the shaft 12 in a predetermined direction. Also, the rotation gives rise to a hydrodynamic force in a hydrodynamic bearing chamber between the shaft 2 and the sleeve 3, which forms a positive and constant gap therebetween. In the vertical direction, the rotating sleeve 13 is kept in position relative to the housing 11 and in a spaced fashion from the housing 11, due to the magnetic attraction force generated between the opposed permanent magnets 5 and 6 mounted on the housing 11 and sleeve 13, respectively. In particular, the eccentrically arranged magnets, 5 and 6, provide the rotor with the eccentric force in one radial direction and thereby generate the increased hydrodynamic force between the sleeve and the shaft. This allows the rotor to be retained in a stable condition even at the reduced rotational speed of the rotor. This in turn reduces the rotational speed of the rotor at which the rotor becomes to lose frictional contacts with the shaft, also reducing the wears of the sleeve and the shaft.

As shown in Fig. 3, another pair of magnets, 18 and 19, or magnet rings may be provided on the opposite side, i.e., top end, of the sleeve 13 and shaft 12. In this instance, the upper magnets 18 and 19 should be positioned as the lower magnets 15 and 16 so that the eccentric force generated between the upper magnets 18 and 19 directs in the same direction as that between the lower magnets 15 and 16. Also, the upper magnets 18 and 19 may be magnetized as the lower magnets 15 and 16 as shown in Fig. 2 or may be magnetized oppositely as shown in parentheses in Fig. 2.

With this arrangement, the rotating shaft 12 is supported at it opposite ends and eccentrically forced in the same direction, ensuring a stable rotation of the shaft 12 and also a quick losing of the frictional contact with the sleeve 13.

It should be noted that any one of the paired permanent magnets or magnet rings may be replaced by a magnetic member made of silicic material, for example.

THIRD EMBODIMENT

Prior to a specific description of the third embodiment according to the present invention, a description will be made to an influence of transformations in the peripheral surfaces defining the radial bearing to the rotational stability of the rotational member.

Referring to Fig. 4, there is shown a closed loop 20 formed by tracking an outer periphery of the shaft or an inner periphery of the sleeve in an exaggerated fashion. Also, circles 21 and 22, which are positioned in a coaxial fashion, are circumscribed and inscribed circles, 21 and 22, touching the closed loop externally and internally with minimum and maximum diameters, respectively. Also, in Fig. 4, a difference of radii of the circumscribed and inscribed circles, 21 and 22, is indicated by "δ", and a mean diameter of the circumscribed and inscribed circles, 21 and 22, is indicated by "C". It should be noted that grooves or recesses formed in the peripheral surface of the sleeve and/or shaft for increasing the hydrodynamic force or unwanted scratches made at the machining of the shaft and/or sleeve are not taken into consideration for the closed loop.

Inventors of the present invention made a number of tests for samples having different values of parameters, i.e., "δ", "C", and out of roundness defined as "δ/C". As a result, it has found that the out of roundness should be less than 1x10-4, preferably less that 7x10-5, in order to prevent the whirl which would otherwise be caused at the high speed rotation, without any need to form grooves or recesses in the periphery of the sleeve and/or shaft. This is because the complex bearing assembly in which the rotational portion is biased to one radial direction generates a greater hydrodynamic force, which ensures a quick adjustment or recovering of the rotational center even when the rotational member is subjected to an accidental shock or external force.

FOURTH EMBODIMENT

Next, descriptions will be made to specific construction of the complex bearing assembly according to the fourth embodiment. Also, this embodiment addresses to an improvement on the shaft and/or sleeve forming the hydrodynamic bearing in which grooves are formed in the peripheral surface or surfaces thereof for increasing the hydrodynamic force generated in the bearing. As is known in the art, the hydrodynamic force can be increased by the grooves formed in the opposing surfaces. This is because the grooves draw air into the bearing chamber and thereby increasing the hydrodynamic force therein. Then, it is expected that the shaft will lose frictional contacts with the shaft at the reduced rotational speed. In addition, the grooves increase the rotational number at which the half-whirl would occur, which in turn means that the rotational movement of the rotational member is stabled at greater rotational number.

Figs. 5A to 5C schematically show grooves, i.e., herringbone grooves (Figs. 5A and 5B) and helical grooves (Fig. 5C), formed in the peripheral surface of the shaft and/or sleeve. The arrangement of the grooves is not limited thereto and it may be modified provided that it can increase the hydrodynamic force in the hydrodynamic bearing.

Preferably, even if the sleeve and the shaft are arranged in the coaxial fashion, they define at least one enlarged gap portion having a greater gap than remaining portions between the opposing inner and outer peripheries thereof and, further, the enlarged gap portion extends about 40% or more of the longitudinal length of the bearing. In this instance, the half-whirl can effectively be prevented even at higher rotational number compared with that with herringbone grooves. In this regard, it has been found from many tests, which will be described hereinafter as Example 3, preferably the enlarged gap portion has a size of less than ten times that of the average gap, and the angle of the peripheral length of the enlarged gap portion ranges from about 3 to 90 degrees.

FIFTH EMBODIMENT

Descriptions will be made to the fifth embodiment of the present invention which addresses to an improvement on the material of the shaft and sleeve. Specifically, it is preferable that a difference in coefficient of thermal expansion between materials of the sleeve and the shaft (Δα) is 8x10-6/°C or less and a difference in coefficient of elasticity of the rotational member is 2.5x104kgf/mm2 or more. From tests, it has been determined that by the use of such materials the stability of the complex bearing assembly at higher rotational speed is increased.

In the meantime, the half-whirl may occur at the temperature from about -30 to 60°C because of an expansion of the gap adjusted at room temperature and thereby a reduction in stability for half-whirl. The complex bearing assembly of the present invention, on the other hand, the eccentric arrangement in the axial bearing retains an effective gap between the sleeve and the shaft even at high temperature by the above-mentioned selection of the materials for the sleeve and the shaft. This provides the complex bearing with the predetermined performance.

Also, simply by selecting material as described above for the rotational member, i.e., sleeve or shaft, the eccentric effect in the axial bearing can be attained positively. This in turn minimizes the displacement of the shaft and, thereby, even at high rotational speed, e.g., 10,000rpm or more, a stable rotation can be attained with high precision.

Further, preferably either or both of the shaft and the sleeve may be made of ceramic. The ceramic that has a high stiffness and wear resistance with the above-mentioned elasticity can easily be selected. Also, the ceramic provides less wear to other materials that contact with it. Therefore, the ceramic effectively resists against the frictional contact with the associate member in the radial bearing which would occur at lower rotational speed, especially at start and stop operations, due in part to the eccentric arrangement in the axial bearing. Several ceramics including aluminum ceramic, silicon nitride ceramic, and silicon carbide ceramic are preferably used.

MEASURING THE MCRN

An improvement in a manufacturing process for the spindle motor will now be described, which includes a step for measuring a rotational number at which the rotational member becomes to lose frictional contacts with the associated fixed member (referred to as "maximum contact rotational number" or "MCRN" for clarity). As described above, the increased MCRN considerably deteriorates a durability of the bearing assembly due to the frictional contact between the sleeve and the shaft. Therefore, MCRN should be measured in the process of manufacturing of the spindle motor before its shipping.

Referring to Fig. 6, there is shown a system for measuring MCRN in the spindle motor according to the embodiment of the present invention. In this drawing, the spindle motor 30 including the complex bearing assembly is fixed through its housing 31 on a fixed support 32. The support 32 bears a pickup device 33 for picking up vibrations of the support 32. The pickup device 33 is in turn connected through an amplifier 34 with an oscilloscope 35. A sensor 38 for detecting the rotation of the rotational member or rotor in the spindle motor 30 is electrically connected through another amplifier 36 with the oscilloscope 35.

In operation for detecting MCRN, first the spindle motor 30 is energized to rotate the rotor 37 by the use of electric power or fluid flow (i.e., air pressure). Then, once the rotational number of the rotor 37 reaches 5,000rpm, the spindle motor 30 is de-energized, from which the rotational number of the rotor 37 begins to decrease. During operation, the pickup device 33 picks up the vibration of the support 32 and the sensor 38 detects the rotational number of the rotor 37. The outputs of the pickup device 33 and the sensor 38 are amplified by respective amplifiers 34 and 36 and then fed into the oscilloscope 35. The oscilloscope 35 monitors the vibration and rotational number and detects an drastic increase in the rotational number as MCRN. Fig. 7 shows the changes of the rotational number and vibration level detected. In this drawing, MCRN is indicated at "R".

By using such system, MCRN can be determined for each spindle motor and, if the product fails to have a predetermined MCRN, it can be prevented from being shipped, which ensures the products with a certain MCRN to be provided to users.

EXPERIMENT 1

Tests were made to the complex bearing assembly in light of durability and half-whirl. In tests, the shaft and sleeve made from respective sintered alumina members were used. In particular, each shaft was grounded at its outer surface portion opposing to the sleeve so that it has a surface roughness Ry of 5µm or less and Sm of 100µm or less. Also, each sleeve was ground at its inner surface portion opposing to the shaft so that it has a surface roughness Ry of 5µm or less and Sm of 10µm or less. The out of roundness of the shafts were measured.

In the complex bearing assembly tested, having a structure shown in Fig. 1, the magnet 6 is bonded on the sleeve 3 using adhesive. Also, the magnet 5 was fixed on the vertical hollow portion 4 of the housing 1 in the eccentric fashion against the shaft 2.

The rotor is balanced with a balanced level of G1 class according to Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) B-0905.

MCRN was detected as described above. Half-whirl was detected by suspending the motor from a fixed frame, detecting vibrations from the motor by vibration pickup device, processing output signal from the pickup device using First Fourier Transform (FFT), and determining the existence of peak at the frequency corresponding to the half of the rotational number.

The durability of the motor was determined by repeating an energizing and de-energizing cycle in which the motor was energized and then de-energized after the rotational number has reached to a predetermined number (50,000rpm) to halt the motor. In this test, the rotating member makes frictional contacts with the fixed member when the rotational number decreases to MCRN, which allows the durability of the motor can be evaluated.

The test results are indicated in the following table 1. In this table, a superscript "*" indicates comparative example. Also, in the column for half-whirl, "N" (i.e., Not good) means that half-whirl was detected and "-" (i.e., Good) means that half-whirl was not detected.

As can be seen from table 1, according to the present invention MCRN can be reduced without any need to change the dimensions of the parts in the bearing assembly or the gap between the sleeve and the shaft, which increases the wear resistance of the bearing assembly. NO. X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 *1 2.5E-5 0.008 1,500 150,000 N 2 0.01 420 ≥1000,000 - 3 0.3 580 ≥1000,000 - *4 0.5 2,000 120,000 N *5 6.5E-5 0.008 1,700 40,000 N 6 0.01 500 ≥1000,000 - 7 0.3 600 ≥1000,000 - *8 0.5 1,800 60,000 N *9 1E-4 0.008 2,500 30,000 - 10 0.01 2,800 40,000 - 11 0.3 2, 600 20,000 - *12 0.5 3,200 20,000 -
X1: Out of roundness (x106)

X2: Eccentricity

X3: MCRN(rpm)

X4: Durability (Cycled number)

X5: Half-whirl

EXPERIMENT 2

For bearing assemblies in each of which herringbone grooves were formed on the outer peripheral surface of the shaft, tests were made with respect to MCRN, durability, and formation of half whirl. The results are shown in Table 2, which indicates that, due to the eccentric force caused by the eccentrically arranged magnet, the bearing assembly with herringbone grooves allows the rotating member to lose frictional contacts with the fixed member at a reduced rotational number, compared with shaft with complete circle. This increases both the durability of the bearing and the rotational number at which the half-whirl becomes to appear, improving the performance of the bearing at high speed rotation. NO. X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 *1 2.5E-5 0.008 1,650 90,000 - 2 0.01 300 ≥1000,000 - 3 0.3 370 ≥1000,000 - *4 0.5 2,100 60,000 - *5 6.5E-5 0.008 1,550 50,000 - 6 0.01 320 ≥1000,000 - 7 0.3 410 ≥1000,000 - *8 0.5 2,400 60,000 - *9 1E-4 0.008 1,780 20,000 N 10 0.01 450 ≥1000,000 - 11 0.3 510 ≥1000,000 - *12 0.5 2,300 30,000 N
X1: Out of roundness(x106)

X2: Eccentricity

X3: MCRN(rpm)

X4: Durability (Cycled number)

X5: Half-whirl

EXPERIMENT 3

Tests were made to evaluate the effect by the formation of the enlarged gap portion or portions in the radial bearing. The enlarged gap portion of each bearing was extended longitudinally. The plural enlarged gap portions were arranged at regular intervals. The test results are shown in Tables 3-1 and 3-2. NO. X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 *1 1 5 15 0.008 N 1,800 30,000 2 0.01 - 320 ≥1000,000 3 0.3 - 340 ≥1000,000 *4 0.5 N 2,100 40,000 5 1 8 15 0.008 N 2,200 40,000 6 0.01 - 410 ≥1000,000 7 0.3 - 390 ≥1000,000 *8 0.5 N 2,100 50,000 *9 1 10 15 0.08 N 2,500 30,000 10 0.01 N 2,200 40,000 11 0.3 N 1,900 30,000 *12 0.5 N 3,200 5,000 *13 3 5 15 0.008 - 1,600 100,000 14 0.01 - 270 ≥1000,000 15 0.3 - 230 ≥1000,000 *16 0.5 - 1,800 100,000 *17 3 8 15 0.008 - 2,300 150,000 18 0.01 - 340 ≥1000,000 19 0.3 - 360 ≥1000,000 *20 0.5 - 2,600 120,000 *21 3 10 15 0.008 N 1,800 30,000 22 0.01 N 2,100 20,000 23 0.3 N 2,400 40,000 *24 0.5 N 2,800 30,000
NO. X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 *25 3 5 60 0.008 - 1,700 80,000 26 0.01 - 180 ≥1000,000 27 0.3 - 160 ≥1000,000 *28 0.5 - 2,200 100,000 29 3 5 2 0.008 N 3,000 10,000 30 0.01 - 1,800 20,000 31 0.3 - 2,000 20,000 *32 0.5 N 2,600 30,000 *33 3 5 3 0.08 N 2,300 100,000 34 0.01 - 360 ≥1000,000 35 0.3 - 330 ≥1000,000 *36 0.5 N 2,500 100,000 *37 3 5 90 0.008 N 2,100 100,000 37 0.01 - 250 ≥1000,000 39 0.3 - 230 ≥1000,000 *40 0.5 N 2,400 100,000 *41 3 5 100 0.008 N 3,000 20,000 42 0.01 N 2,200 30,000 43 0.3 N 2,400 20,000 *44 0.5 N 2,800 10,000
X1: Number of portion(s) where gap is enlarged

X2: Enlarged gap/Average gap

X3: Central angle of enlarged portion (degrees)

X4: Eccentricity

X5: Half-whirl

X6: MCRN(rpm)

X7: Durability (Cycled number)

EXPERIMENT 4

For three types of bearings with different material, eccentricities, and bearing surfaces (i.e., without groove (complete circle), with herringbone grooves, and with vertical grooves), tests were made with respect to formation of half whirl. The bearings, each including a rotor with a certain mass, were used. The results were shown in Tables 4-1 to 4-3. No. Elasticity Eccentricity Without groove Herrigbone grooves Vertical grooves Sleeve (x104 kg/mm2) Shaft (x104 kg/mm2) Δα (8x106/°C) 20°C 60°C 20°C 60°C 20°C 60°C *1-1 2.0 2.0 0 0.008 N N N N N N 1-2 0.01 - N - N - N 1-3 0.3 - N - N - N *1-4 0.5 N N N N N N *2-1 2.0 2.0 8 0.008 N N N N N N 2-2 0.01 - N - N - N 2-3 0.3 - N - N - N *2-4 0.5 N N N N N N *3-1 2.0 2.0 8 0.008 N N N N N N 3-2 0.01 - N - N - N 3-3 0.3 - N - N - N *3-4 0.5 N N N N N N *4-1 2.0 2.0 0 0.008 N N N N N N 4-2 0.01 - N - N - N 4-3 0.3 - N - N - N *4-4 0.5 N N N N N N *5-1 2.0 3.5 10 0.008 N N N N N N 5-2 0.01 - N - N - N 5-3 0.3 - N - N - N *5-4 0.5 N N N N N N *6-1 3.5 2.0 10 0.008 N N N N N N 6-2 0.01 - N - N - N 6-3 0.3 - N - N - N *6-4 0.5 N N N N N N *7-1 3.5 3.5 0 0.008 N N N N N N 7-2 0.01 - - - - - - 7-3 0.3 - - - - - - *7-4 0.5 N N N N N N *8-1 2.0 3.5 2 0.008 N N N N N N 8-2 0.01 - N - N - N 8-3 0.3 - N - N - N *8-4 0.5 N N N N N N *9-1 3.5 2.0 2 0.008 N N N N N N 9-2 0.01 - - - - - - 9-3 0.3 - - - - - - *9-4 0.5 N N N N N N
No. Elasticity Eccentricity Without groove HerriN-bone grooves Vertical grooves Sleeve (x104 kg/mm2) Shaft (x104 kg/mm2) Δα (8x106/°C) 20°C 60°C 20°C 60°C 20°C 60°C *10-1 2.0 3.0 14.6 0.008 N N N N N N 10-2 0.01 - N - N - N 10-3 0.3 - N - N - N *10-4 0.5 N N N N N N *11-1 2.0 2.0 14.6 0.008 N N N N N N 11-2 0.01 - N - N - N 11-3 0.3 - N - N - N *11-4 0.5 N N N N N N *12-1 3.0 3.0 0 0.008 N N N N N N 12-2 0.01 - - - - - - 12-3 0.3 - - - - - - *12-4 0.5 N N N N N N *13-1 2.0 3.0 6.6 0.008 N N N N N N 13-2 0.01 - N - N - N 13-3 0.3 - N - N - N *13-4 0.5 N N N N N N *14-1 3.0 2.0 6.6 0.008 N N N N N N 14-2 0.01 - - - - - - 14-3 0.3 - - - - - - *14-4 0.5 N N N N N N *15-1 2.0 4.0 13 0.008 N N N N N N 15-2 0.01 - N - N - N 15-3 0.3 - N - N - N *15-4 0.5 N N N N N N *16-1 4.0 2.0 13 0.008 N N N N N N 16-2 0.01 - - - - - - 16-3 0.3 - - - - - - *16-4 0.5 N N N N N N *17-1 2.0 4.0 5 0.008 N N N N N N 17-2 0.01 - - - - - - 17-3 0.3 - - - - - - *17-4 0.5 N N N N N N *18-1 4.0 2.0 5 0.008 N N N N N N 18-2 0.01 - - - - - - 18-3 0.3 - - - - - - *18-4 0.5 N N N N N N
No. Elasticity Eccentricity Without groove Herrigbone grooves Vertical grooves Sleeve (x104 kg/mm2) Shaft (x104 kg/mm2) Δα (8x106 /°C) 20°C 60°C 20°C 60°C 20°C 60°C *19-1 3.5 3.0 4.6 0.008 N N N N N N 19-2 0.01 - - - - - - 19-3 0.3 - - - - - - *19-4 0.5 N N N N N N *20-1 3.0 3.5 4.6 0.008 N N N N N N 20-2 0.01 - - - - - - 20-3 0.3 - - - - - - *20-4 0.5 N N N N N N *21-1 3.5 4.0 3 0.008 N N N N N N 21-2 0.01 - - - - - - 21-3 0.3 - - - - - - *21-4 0.5 N N N N N N *22-1 4.0 3.5 3 0.008 N N N N N N 22-2 0.01 - - - - - - 22-3 0.3 - - - - - - *22-4 0.5 5 N N N N N N *23-1 3.0 4.0 1.6 0.008 N N N N N N 23-2 0.01 - - - - - - 23-3 0.3 - - - - - - *23-4 0.5 N N N N N N *24-1 4.0 3.0 1.6 0.008 N N N N N N 24-2 0.01 - - - - - - 24-3 0.3 - - - - - - *24-4 0.5 N N N N N N

EXPERIMENT 5

Durability was tested for bearings made of various materials, with certain eccentricities. The results are shown in Tables 5-1 and 5-2. No. Shaft Sleeve Eccentricity Without groove Herrigbone grooves Vertical grooves *1-1 SUS410 SUS410 0.008 2,000 20,000 30,000 1-2 0.01 10,000 50,000 50,000 1-3 0.3 20,000 60,000 50,000 *1-4 0.5 10,000 30,000 40,000 *2-1 SUS410 alumina 0.008 100,000 150,000 160,000 2-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 2-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *2-4 0.5 80,000 120,000 150,000 *3-1 SUS410 silicone nitride 0.008 90,000 100,000 100,000 3-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 3-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *3-4 0.5 110,000 150,000 150,000 *4-1 SUS410 silicone carbide 0.008 110,000 130,000 140,000 4-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 4-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *4-4 0.5 120,000 130,000 130,000 *5-1 alumina SUS410 0.008 15,000 20,000 30,000 5-2 0.01 20,000 40,000 50,000 5-3 0.3 30,000 40,000 50,000 *5-4 0.5 10,000 20,000 20,000 *6-1 silicone nitride SUS410 0.008 35,000 50,000 60,000 6-2 0.01 40,000 60,000 70,000 6-3 0.3 40,000 60,000 70,000 *6-4 0.5 30,000 40,000 60,000 *7-1 silicone carbide SUS410 0.008 20,000 40,000 50,000 7-2 0.01 30,000 50,000 70,000 7-3 0.3 40,000 60,000 80,000 *7-4 0.5 30,000 30,000 40,000 *8-1 alumina alumina 0.008 180,000 250,000 270,000 8-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 8-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *8-4 0.5 220,000 190,000 210,000 *9-1 alumina silicone nitride 0.008 280,000 320,000 350,000 9-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 9-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *9-4 0.5 250,000 260,000 310,000
No. Shaft Sleeve Eccentricity Without groove Herrigbone grooves Vertical grooves *10-1 silicone nitride alumina 0.008 200,000 250,000 270,000 10-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 10-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *10-4 0.5 220,000 220,000 230,000 *11-1 silicone carbide alumina 0.008 180,000 200,000 210,000 11-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 11-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *11-4 0.5 220,000 230,000 230,000 *12-1 alumina silicone carbide 0.008 210,000 230,000 240,000 12-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 12-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *12-4 0.5 220,000 220,000 230,000 *13-1 silicone carbide silicone nitride 0.008 190,000 220,000 220,000 13-2 0.01 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 13-3 0.3 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 ≥1000,000 *13-4 0.5 210,000 220,000 230,000 *14-1 SUS304 alumina 0.008 500 2,000 3,000 14-2 0.01 2,000 3,500 5,000 14-3 0.3 3,000 3,000 5,000 *14-4 0.5 1,500 3,000 3,500 *15-1 SUS304 silicone nitride 0.008 1,000 2,000 3,000 15-2 0.01 2,000 3,000 5,000 15-3 0.3 2,000 4,000 6,000 *15-4 0.5 1,500 2,000 2,500 *16-1 alumina SUS304 0.008 800 2,000 3,000 16-2 0.01 1,500 3,000 5,000 16-3 0.3 2,000 3,000 6,000 *16-4 0.5 1,000 1,500 2,000 *17-1 silicone nitride 0.008 1,500 3,500 5,000 17-2 0.01 3,000 6,000 8,000 17-3 0.3 4,000 8,000 10,000 *17-4 0.5 2,000 4,000 6,000


Anspruch[de]
  1. Mehrteilige Lagerbaugruppe, bei welcher vorgesehen sind:
    • ein Basisteil (1);
    • ein erstes zylindrisches Teil (2), in welchem ein zylindrischer Außenumfang vorgesehen ist;
    • ein zweites zylindrisches Teil (3), in welchem ein zylindrischer Innenumfang vorgesehen ist, wobei der Innenumfang einen größeren Durchmesser als der Außenumfang des ersten Teils (2) aufweist, der Außenumfang des ersten Teils (2) in dem Innenumfang des zweiten Teils (3) angeordnet ist, und entweder das erste oder das zweite zylindrische Teil (2) an dem Basisteil (1) befestigt ist, sodass das andere (3) des ersten und zweiten zylindrischen Teils sich relativ zu dem einen von den ersten und zweiten zylindrischen Teilen dreht;
    • ein Radiallager, das durch die gegenüberliegenden inneren und äußeren Umfänge gebildet wird, zum Haltern des anderen zylindrischen Teils (3) in Radialrichtung relativ zu dem einen festen zylindrischen Teil (2) durch eine hydrodynamische Kraft, die durch eine Drehbewegung des anderen drehbaren zylindrischen Teils (3) relativ zu dem einen festen zylindrischen Teil (2) zwischen den gegenüberliegenden inneren und äußeren Umfängen erzeugt wird; und
    • ein Axiallager, das ein erstes, inneres magnetisches Teil (6) aufweist, das auf dem anderen drehbaren zylindrischen Teil (3) befestigt ist, und sich um eine Drehachse der Lagerbaugruppe herum erstreckt, und ein zweites, äußeres magnetisches Teil (5), das relativ zu dem einen festen zylindrischen Teil (2) befestigt ist, und sich um das erste magnetische Teil (6) herum erstreckt, mit einem Radialspalt dazwischen, sodass das erste innere und das zweite äußere magnetische Teil zusammenarbeiten, um dazwischen eine magnetische Kraft zum Haltern des anderen drehbaren Teils (3) in Axialrichtung relativ zu dem einen festen zylindrischen Teil (2) zu erzeugen, wobei das erste innere magnetische Teil (6) koaxial zur Drehachse der Lagerbaugruppe angeordnet ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das zweite äußere magnetische Teil (5) exzentrisch zur Drehachse der Lagerbaugruppe angeordnet ist, und dass das Verhältnis zwischen der Exzentrizität des zweiten äußeren magnetischen Teils (5) relativ zum Umfang des einen festen zylindrischen Teils (2) und dem mittleren Radialspalt, der zwischen dem ersten inneren und dem zweiten äußeren Magnetteil (5, 6) vorhanden ist, im Bereich von 0,01 bis 0,3 liegt, wobei die Exzentrizität definiert ist als die Radialentfernung zwischen dem Zentrum des äußeren magnetischen Teils (5) und dem Zentrum des inneren magnetischen Teils (6), wenn das erste (2) und das zweite (3) zylindrische Teil koaxial zueinander angeordnet sind.
  2. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher das Verhältnis der Exzentrizität des zweiten äußeren magnetischen Teils (5) relativ zum Umfang des einen festen zylindrischen Teils (2) zum mittleren Spalt, der zwischen dem ersten inneren und dem zweiten äußeren magnetischen Teil (5, 6) vorgesehen ist, im Bereich von 0,02 bis 0,1 liegt.
  3. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, bei welcher das Axiallager zwei Paare (15, 16; 18, 19) aus dem ersten und dem zweiten magnetischen Teil aufweist, und die beiden Paare an gegenüberliegenden Enden des einen und des anderen zylindrischen Teils vorgesehen sind.
  4. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher das Radiallager folgende Beziehung erfüllt: δ/C ≤ 1,0 x 10-4 wobei
    δ :
    eine Differenz von Radien eines minimalen Umkreises und eines maximalen Inkreises, die koaxial angeordnet sind, einer geschlossenen Schleife ist, die durch Verfolgung eines Außenumfangs des ersten oder zweiten zylindrischen Teils gezogen wird, und
    C:
    ein mittlerer Durchmesser des minimalen Umkreises und des maximalen Inkreises ist, die koaxial angeordnet sind.
  5. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher das Radiallager folgende Beziehung erfüllt: δ/C ≤ 7,0 x 10-5 wobei
    δ:
    eine Differenz von Radien eines minimalen Umkreises und eines maximalen Inkreises, die koaxial angeordnet sind, einer geschlossenen Schleife ist, die durch Verfolgung eines Außenumfangs des ersten oder zweiten zylindrischen Teils gezogen wird, und
    C:
    ein mittlerer Durchmesser des minimalen Umkreises und des maximalen Inkreises ist, die koaxial angeordnet sind.
  6. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher in dem inneren und/oder äußeren Umfang Pfeilnuten oder Spiralnuten vorgesehen sind.
  7. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher der innere und der äußere Umfang so ausgebildet sind, dass sie einen oder mehrere vergrößerte Spaltabschnitte festlegen, wobei sich jeder der vergrößerten Spaltabschnitte über etwa 40% oder mehr einer Länge in Längsrichtung der gegenüberliegenden Umfänge erstreckt.
  8. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 7, bei welcher der vergrößerte Spaltabschnitt eine bestimmte Abmessung von weniger als dem 10 fachen eines mittleren Spaltes zwischen dem inneren und dem äußeren Umfang aufweist.
  9. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 7, bei welcher der vergrößerte Spaltabschnitt einen Zentriwinkel im Bereich von 3 bis 90° aufweist.
  10. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher eine Differenz des Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizienten zwischen Materialien des ersten und des zweiten zylindrischen Teils 8x10-6/°C oder weniger beträgt.
  11. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher das andere drehbare Teil eine Elastizität von etwa 2,5x104 kgf/mm2 oder mehr aufweist.
  12. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher das erste und/oder das zweite zylindrische Teil aus Keramikmaterial hergestellt ist.
  13. Lagerbaugruppe nach Anspruch 12, bei welcher das Keramikmaterial aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist, die aus Aluminiumkeramik, Siliciumnitridkeramik, und Siliciumkarbidkeramik besteht.
  14. Spindelmotor mit der Lagerbaugruppe nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13.
  15. Spindelmotor nach Anspruch 14, wobei der Spindelmotor so ausgelegt ist, dass bei einer Drehbewegung des anderen drehbaren zylindrischen Teils das andere drehbare zylindrische Teil den Reibungskontakt mit dem einen festen zylindrischen Teil bei der Drehzahl von 2.000 Umdrehungen pro Minute verliert.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A complex bearing assembly, comprising:
    • a base member (1);
    • a first cylindrical member (2) having a cylindrical outer periphery defined therein;
    • a second cylindrical member (3) having a cylindrical inner periphery defined therein, said inner periphery having a greater diameter than that of said outer periphery of said first member (2), wherein said outer periphery of said first member (2) is positioned in said inner periphery of said second member (3), and wherein one of said first and second cylindrical members (2) is fixed to said base member (1) so that the other of said first and second cylindrical members (3) rotates relative to said one of said first and second cylindrical members;
    • a radial bearing formed by said opposed inner and outer peripheries for supporting said other cylindrical member (3) in a radial direction relative to said -one fixed cylindrical member (2) by means of a hydrodynamic force generated by a rotational movement of said other rotatable cylindrical member (3) relative to said one fixed cylindrical member (2) between said opposing inner and outer peripheries; and
    • an axial bearing having a first inner magnetic member (6) secured on said other rotatable cylindrical member (3) and extended around a rotational axis of said bearing assembly and a second outer magnetic member (5) secured relative to said one fixed cylindrical member (2) and extended around said first magnetic member (6) leaving a radial gap therebetween so that said first inner and second outer magnetic members cooperate to generate a magnetic force therebetween for supporting said other rotatable member (3) in an axial direction relative to said one fixed cylindrical member (2), wherein said first inner magnetic member (6) is positioned in a coaxial fashion with said rotational axis of said bearing assembly
       and characterised in that the said second outer magnetic member (5) is positioned in an eccentric fashion with said rotational axis of said bearing assembly, and in that the ratio between the eccentricity of said second outer magnetic member (5) relative to said periphery of said one fixed cylindrical member (2) and the mean radial gap defined between said first inner and second outer magnet members (5,6) ranges from 0.01 to 0.3, said eccentricity being defined as the radial distance between the center of said outer magnetic member (5) and the center of said inner magnetic member (6) when said first (2) and said second (3) cylindrical members are positioned in a coaxial relationship.
  2. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1, wherein the ratio of the eccentricity of said second outer magnetic member (5) relative to said periphery of said one fixed cylindrical member (2) to the mean gap defined between said first inner and second outer magnet members (5,6) ranges from 0.02 to 0.1.
  3. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein said axial bearing includes two pairs (15,16; 18,19) of said first and second magnetic members and said two pairs are provided at opposite ends of said one and the other cylindrical members.
  4. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1, wherein said radial bearing meets a following relation: δ/C ≤ 1.0x10-4    wherein

       δ: a difference of radii of coaxially arranged minimum circumscribed and maximum inscribed circles of a closed loop drawn by tracking an outer periphery of the first or second cylindrical member, and

       C: a mean diameter of said coaxially arranged minimum circumscribed and maximum inscribed circles.
  5. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1, wherein said radial bearing meets a following relation: δ/C ≤ 7.0x10-5    wherein

       δ: a difference of radii of coaxially arranged minimum circumscribed and maximum inscribed circles of a closed loop drawn by tracking an outer periphery of the first or second cylindrical member, and

       C: a mean diameter of said coaxially arranged minimum circumscribed and maximum inscribed circles.
  6. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1, wherein said inner and/or outer periphery has herringbone or helical grooves formed therein.
  7. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1, wherein said inner and outer peripheries are designed so that they define one or more enlarged gap portions, each of said enlarged gap portions extending about 40% or more of a longitudinal length of said opposed peripheries.
  8. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 7, wherein said enlarged gap portion has a certain size of less than ten times that of a mean gap between said inner and outer peripheries.
  9. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 7, wherein said enlarged gap portion has a central angle ranges from 3 to 90 degrees.
  10. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1, wherein a difference in coefficient of thermal expansion between materials of said first and second cylindrical member is 8x10-6/°C or less.
  11. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1, wherein said the other rotatable member has an elasticity of about 2.5x104kgf/mm2 or more.
  12. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 1, wherein said first and/or second cylindrical member is made of ceramic material.
  13. A bearing assembly in accordance with Claim 12, wherein said ceramic material is selected from the group consisting of aluminum ceramic, silicon nitride ceramic, and silicon carbide ceramic.
  14. A spindle motor having said bearing assembly in accordance with any one of Claims 1 to 13.
  15. A spindle motor in accordance with Claim 14, wherein said spindle motor is designed so that, in a rotational movement of said the other rotatable cylindrical member, said the other rotatable cylindrical member loses frictional contacts with said one fixed cylindrical at the rotational number of 2,000rpm.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Ensemble de palier complexe, comprenant :
    • un élément de base (1) ;
    • un premier élément cylindrique (2) ayant une périphérie extérieure cylindrique définie dans celui-ci ;
    • un second élément cylindrique (3) ayant une périphérie intérieure cylindrique définie dans celui-ci, ladite périphérie intérieure ayant un plus grand diamètre que celui de ladite périphérie extérieure dudit premier élément (2), dans lequel ladite périphérie extérieure dudit premier élément (2) est située dans ladite périphérie intérieure dudit second élément (3), et dans lequel un desdits premier et second éléments cylindriques (2) est fixé audit élément de base (1) de telle manière que l'autre desdits premier et second éléments cylindriques (3) pulsse effectuer une rotation par rapport audit un desdits premier et second éléments cylindriques ;
    • un palier radial formé par lesdites périphéries intérieure et extérieure opposées permettant de supporter ledit autre élément cylindrique (3) dans une direction radiale relativement audit un élément cylindrique fixe (2) au moyen d'une force hydrodynamique générée par un mouvement de rotation dudit autre élément cylindrique rotatif (3) par rapport audit un élément cylindrique fxe (2) entre lesdites périphéries intérieure et extérieure opposées ; et
    • un palier axial ayant un premier élément magnétique intérieur (6) assujetti sur ledit autre élément cylindrique rotatif (3) et se prolongeant autour d'un axe de rotation dudit ensemble de palier et un second élément magnétique extérieur (5) assujetti par rapport audit un élément cylindrique fixe (2) et se prolongeant autour dudit premier élément magnétique (6) en laissant un espace radial entre ceux-ci de telle manière que ledit premier élément magnétique intérieur et ledit second élément magnétique extérieur coopèrent pour générer une force magnétique entre ceux-ci pour supporter ledit autre élément rotatif (3) dans une direction axiale relativement audit un élément cylindrique fixe (2), dans lequel ledit premier élément magnétique intérieur (6) est situé de façon coaxiale audit axe rotatif dudit ensemble de palier
       et caractérisé en ce que ledit second élément magnétique extérieur (5) est situé de façon excentrique audit axe de rotation dudit ensemble de palier, et en ce que le rapport entre l'excentricité dudit second élément magnétique extérieur (5) par rapport à ladite périphérie dudit un élément cylindrique fixe (2) et l'espace radial moyen défini entre ledit premier élément magnétique intérieur et ledit second élément magnétique extérieur (5, 6) varie entre 0,01 et 0,3, ladite excentricité étant définie comme la distance radiale entre le centre dudit élément magnétique extérieur (5) et le centre dudit élément magnétique intérieur (6) lorsque ledit premier (2) et ledit second (3) élément cylindrique sont situés en relation coaxiale.
  2. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le rapport entre l'excentricité dudit second élément magnétique extérieur (5) par rapport à ladite périphérie dudit un élément cylindrique fixe (2) et l'espace moyen défini entre ledit premier élément magnétique intérieur et ledit second élément magnétique extérieur (5, 6) varie entre 0,02 et 0,1.
  3. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit palier axial comprend deux paires (15, 16 ; 18, 19) desdits premiers et seconds éléments magnétiques et lesdites deux paires sont prévues à des extrémités opposées desdits l'un et l'autre des éléments cylindriques.
  4. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit palier radial satisfait la relation suivante : δ/C ≤ 1,0×10-4    où

       δ : une différence de rayons d'un cercle minimum circonscrit et d'un cercle maximum inscrit, agencés coaxialement, d'une boucle fermée tracée en suivant une périphérie extérieure du premier ou du second élément cylindrique, et

       C : un diamètre moyen desdits cercle minimum circonscrit et cercle maximum inscrit agencés coaxialement.
  5. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit palier radial satisfait la relation suivante : δ/C ≤ 7,0×10-5    où

       δ : une différence de rayons d'un cercle minimum circonscrit et d'un cercle maximum inscrit, agencés coaxialement, d'une boucle fermée tracée en suivant une périphérie extérieure du premier ou du second élément cylindrique, et

       C : un diamètre moyen desdits cercle minimum circonscrit et cercle maximum inscrit agencés coaxialement.
  6. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite périphérie intérieure et/ou périphérie extérieure présente des rainures en chevrons ou hélicoïdales formées dans celles-ci.
  7. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdites périphéries intérieure et extérieure sont conçues de manière à définir une ou plusieurs parties d'espacement agrandi, chacune de ces parties d'espacement agrandi se prolongeant sur environ 40 % ou plus d'une longueur longitudinale desdites périphéries opposées.
  8. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ladite partie d'espacement agrandi a une certaine taille inférieure à dix fois celle d'un espace moyen existant entre lesdites périphéries intérieure et extérieure.
  9. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ladite partie d'espacement agrandi a un angle central qui varie entre 3 et 90 degrés.
  10. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une différence de coefficient d'expansion thermique entre les matériaux desdits premier et second éléments cylindriques est de 8×10-6/°C ou moins.
  11. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit autre élément rotatif a une élasticité d'environ 2,5×104 kgf/mm2 ou plus.
  12. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit premier et/ou second élément cylindrique se compose d'un matériau céramique.
  13. Ensemble de palier selon la revendication 12, dans lequel ledit matériau céramique est choisi parmi le groupe constitué par la céramique à l'aluminium, la céramique au nitrure de silicium et la céramique au carbure de silicium.
  14. Moteur à broche possédant ledit ensemble de palier selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13.
  15. Moteur à broche selon la revendication 14, dans lequel ledit moteur à broche est conçu de telle manière que, dans un mouvement rotatif dudit autre élément cylindrique rotatif, ledit autre élément cylindrique rotatif perd des contacts par frottement avec ledit un cylindrique fixe au nombre de rotations de 2 000 t/min.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com