PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1083349 02.02.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001083349
Titel MAGNETLAGER UND VAKUUMPUMPE
Anmelder BOC Edwards Japan Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder YAMAUCHI, Akira, Narashino-shi, Chiba 275-0004, JP;
NONAKA, Manabu, Narashino-shi, Chiba 275-0004, JP
Vertreter Weickmann & Weickmann, 81679 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 60022715
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, FR, GB, IT, LI
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 31.03.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 009130121
WO-Anmeldetag 31.03.2000
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/JP00/02062
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000058639
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 05.10.2000
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 14.03.2001
EP date of grant 21.09.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 02.02.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse F16C 32/04(2006.01)A, F, I, ,  ,  ,   
IPC-Nebenklasse F04D 29/04(2000.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      F04D 19/04(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      F16C 39/06(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      F16C 27/04(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a magnetic bearing apparatus provided with a touchdown bearing made of a pair of roller bearings and a pair of corrugated plate-like damper members inserted into an annular gap formed between the touchdown bearing and its retainer member and a vacuum pump provided with this, and more particularly to an improvement in durability of a touchdown bearing and corrugated damper members for absorbing shock upon the touchdown and suppressing to a sufficiently low level a vibratory rotational frequency of a rotor relative to a rotational frequency of the rotor.

BACKGROUND ART

A magnetic bearing apparatus provided at least with a rotor shaft, a radial magnetic bearing for supporting the rotor shaft in a radial direction, a thrust magnetic bearing for supporting the rotor shaft in an axial direction and a touchdown bearing is adopted in, for example, a vacuum pump such as a turbo molecular pump and has been extensively practiced. The above touchdown bearing is a protective bearing for receiving the above rotor shaft in case of emergency like a breakdown of the magnetic bearing and is composed of a pair of roller bearings arranged at a lower end portion of the above rotor shaft. Such a magnetic bearing apparatus and the turbo molecular pump provided with this are disclosed in JP-A-10-89284, JP-A-63-239397 and the like.

Also, the corrugated plate-like damper member adopted in such a magnetic bearing apparatus is a member for suppressing a vibratory rotation, i.e., a swivel motion and simultaneously absorbing the shock of the touchdown when the rotor including the rotor shaft touches down to the touchdown bearing. This corrugated plate-like damper member functions as three members of a spring, a damper and a mechanical stop as one member as disclosed in JP-B-7-103894, and is, for example, a corrugated strip steel plate as shown in Fig. 6.

In Fig. 5, the corrugated plate-like damper member is composed of a pair of corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b inserted into an annular gap G formed between outer races of the pair of roller bearings 4a and 4b constituting the touchdown bearing 4 and an inner circumferential surface of a retainer member 9 of the touchdown bearing. The frequency f=(k/m)1/2 determined by the rigidity k of the corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b and the rotor mass m is identified with the vibratory rotational frequency of the rotor upon the touch down. The collision energy E upon the touchdown of the rotor is in proportion to the second powered value of the frequency f, i.e., (k/m). From these relationships, it will be understood that the smaller the rigidity k, the larger the effect of the corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b will become as the damper member. In order to reduce the rigidity k, it is available to reduce the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b, for example, but the function of the corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b as the stop is degraded as the thickness t is decreased.

In order to cause the corrugated strip steel plate 8 to serve as a stop with a rigidity to some extent against the shock upon the touchdown of the rotor, the pitch p of the waveform, the height h under the non-load condition and the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plate 8 could not be reduced as desired, as a result of which the width B has to be reduced. For this reason, the height H of the roller bearing would be twice greater than the width B of the corrugated strip steel plate 8 or more. In other words, in some cases, the corrugated strip steel plate 8 having a width that is less than half the height H of the roller bearing must be used. The corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b that have small pitch p, height h and thickness t and a width that is less than half the height H of the roller bearing are provided with a small retaining force. Accordingly, in the case where such corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b having the smaller width are inserted into the annular gap G, due to the vibration caused by the use for a long period of time, the upper corrugated strip steel plate 8a is offset downwardly so that it is brought into contact with the lower corrugated strip steel plate 8b. As a result, in some cases, the first rotary bearing 4a is kept free by δ in the radial direction to be brought into contact with the rotor to generate abnormal noise or abnormal frictional wear. Incidentally, the width δ is the width of the annular gap G. In such a condition, the corrugated plate-like damper member could not exhibit the inherent function and could generate abnormal vibration or swing in the vacuum pump provided with the magnetic bearing apparatus or the magnetic bearing to bring about a breakdown in the apparatus as a whole.

In a magnetic bearing apparatus provided at least with a rotor shaft, a radial magnetic bearing for supporting the rotor shaft in a radial direction, a thrust magnetic bearing for supporting the rotor shaft in an axial direction, a touchdown bearing composed of a pair of roller bearings arranged at a lower end portion of the above rotor shaft, a pair of corrugated plate-like damper members inserted into an annular gap between the touchdown bearing and its retainer member and, optionally, a vacuum pump provided with this, an object of the present invention is to keep on retaining the pair of corrugated plate-like damper members in a predetermined position without fail.

DISCLOSRE OF THE INVENTION

In order to solve the above-noted problems, there is provided a magnetic bearing apparatus provided at least with a rotor shaft, a radial magnetic bearing for supporting the rotor shaft in a radial direction, a thrust magnetic bearing for supporting the rotor shaft in an axial direction, a touchdown bearing composed of a pair of roller bearings arranged to surround a lower end portion of the rotor shaft, a pair of corrugated plate-like damper members inserted into an annular gap between the touchdown bearing and its retainer member, and with a positional offset preventing means for the pair of corrugated plate-like damper members in the annular gap so as to prevent said pair of corrugated plate-like damper members from being displaced axially towards each other; then, a metal thin plate interposed between the pair of corrugated plate-like damper members is used as the positional offset preventing means of the corrugated plate-like damper members; alternatively, an annular convex portion formed in an inner circumferential surface of the retainer member is used as the positional offset preventing means for the pair of corrugated plate-like damper members.

The invention as defined by the features of claim 1 or by the features of claim 2 is optionally specified by the features of the claims 3 and 4.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a partially perspective view of a touchdown bearing and a corrugated plate-like damper member in accordance with a first alternative of a magnetic bearing apparatus of the present invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a touchdown bearing and a corrugated plate-like damper member in accordance with a second alternative of a magnetic bearing apparatus of the present invention.
  • Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a touchdown bearing and a corrugated plate-like damper member not in accordance with the present invention.
  • Fig. 4 is a developed view showing various embodiments of an upper stage corrugated strip steel plate 8a, a lower stage corrugated strip steel plate 8b and a strip-like metal thin plate 10a clamped therebetween in accordance with the first alternative of the magnetic bearing apparatus of the present invention.
  • Fig. 5 is a partially perspective view of a touchdown bearing and a corrugated plate-like damper member of a conventional magnetic bearing apparatus forming the closest prior art of the present invention according to the preamble of each of the claims 1 and 2.
  • Fig. 6 is a partially perspective view of a corrugated strip steel plate that is a corrugated plate-like damper member.
  • Fig. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view of one embodiment of a vacuum pump according to the present invention.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

Preferable embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to Figs. 1 to 7 in more detail.

Fig. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view of one embodiment of a turbo molecular pump to which the present invention is applied. This turbo molecular pump has basically the same structure as that disclosed in JP-A-10-89284 and is composed of a rotor 6 including a rotor shaft 1, a stator 7 and a magnetic bearing apparatus for supporting the rotor 6 rotatably as desired. The rotor 6 includes a rotor cylindrical member in which a number of rotor blades are mounted on the upper side and a cylindrical portion having a flat outer circumferential surface is formed on the lower side beside the rotor shaft 1. The stator 7 includes a stator cylindrical member in which a number of stator blades are mounted on the upper side and a cylindrical portion having a screwed inner circumferential surface is formed on the lower side.

The above-described magnetic bearing apparatus is a so-called five axis controlling type magnetic bearing apparatus and is constituted of a radial magnetic bearing 2 composed of a first radial magnetic bearing 2a disposed on the upper side of the rotor shaft 1 and a second radial magnetic bearing 2b disposed on the lower side, a thrust magnetic bearing 3 composed of a first thrust magnetic bearing 3a and a second thrust magnetic bearing 3b disposed at a lower end portion of the rotor shaft 1, and a high frequency motor 5 disposed in an intermediate portion of the rotor shaft 1.

The above-described magnetic bearing apparatus further includes a touchdown bearing 4 disposed between the first thrust magnetic bearing 3a in an upper stage and the lower end portion of the rotor shaft and a corrugated plate-like damper member for absorbing the shock upon the touchdown and for attenuating the swivel frequency of the rotor. The touchdown bearing 4 is composed of a pair of roller bearings disposed in upper and lower stages, i.e., a first roller bearing 4a and a second roller bearing 4b. Although not shown in Fig. 7, the corrugated plate-like damper member is inserted into the annular gap formed between the touchdown bearing 4 and the retainer member thereof.

In Fig. 1 showing a first alternative of the present invention, a cylindrical retainer member 9 serves as both the thrust bearing retainer member and the touchdown bearing retainer member. Namely, the retainer member 9 is the retainer member coated with resin mold and formed into a cylinder for receiving electromagnets constituting the thrust bearing 3a of Fig. 7. Then, the touchdown bearing 4, i.e., the pair of roller bearings 4a and 4b disposed in the upper and lower stages are received in the inner circumferential portion of the retainer member 9. The annular gap G is formed between the inner circumferential surface of the cylindrical retainer member 9 and the outer races of the pair of roller bearings 4a and 4b, a pair of corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b that form the corrugated plate-like damper member are inserted into this annular gap G, and a strip-like metal thin plate 10a is inserted while being clamped by the upper corrugated strip steel plate 8a and the lower corrugated strip steel plate 8b. The corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b are, for instance, the corrugated strip steel plates as shown in Fig. 6.

The pair of roller bearings 4a and 4b are depressed in the radial direction by the elasticity of the corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b and retained over the inner circumferential portion of the retainer member 9. The corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b are also retained in a predetermined position within the annular gap G by the elasticity thereof. In addition, since the corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b are inserted into the annular gap G through the strip-like metal thin plate 10a in the axial direction, there is no positional offset or drop and the plates are always retained in the predetermined position without fail. Briefly, the strip-like metal thin plate 10a is a means for preventing the positional offset of the corrugated plate-like damper member.

By the way, the selection of the metal thin plate 10a and the determination of the width δ of the annular gap relate to the thickness T of the metal thin plate 10a, the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plates and the width δ of the annular gap mutually. In the case where the value obtained by subtracting the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plates from the width δ of the annular gap is small, the movable amount of the corrugated portion of the corrugated strip steel plates, i.e., the radial movable amount of the rotor is reduced, resulting in disability to obtain the necessary elastic force. Inversely, in the case where the value obtained by subtracting the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plates from the width δ of the annular gap is large, the effect to prevent the positional offset of the metal thin plate is diminished. Therefore, according to the first alternative, the selection of the metal thin plate 10a and the determination of the width δ of the annular gap are performed so that the sum (T+t) of the thickness T of the metal thin plate 10a and the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plates is 0.8 to 1.3 times of the δ of the annular gap. Thus, the effect to prevent the positional offset of the corrugated plate-like damper member is further enhanced.

In Fig. 2 showing a second alternative of the present invention, the positional offset preventing means of the corrugated plate-like damper member is an annular convex portion 10b formed on the inner circumferential surface of a cylindrical retainer member 9. An annular gap G is divided into the upper and lower stages by this annular convex portion 10b. Then, a corrugated strip steel plate 8b and a corrugated strip steel plate 8a are inserted into the lower annular gap and the upper annular gap, respectively. Accordingly, also in the second embodiment, the corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b are always held in a predetermined position of the annular gap G without fail. Incidentally, the height T of the annular convex portion and the width δ of the annular gap are determined so that the sum (T+t) of the thickness T of the annular convex portion and the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plates is 0.8 and 1.3 times of the width δ of the annular gap. Thus, the effect to prevent the positional offset of the corrugated plate-like damper member is further enhanced.

In Fig. 3 showing an embodiment not in accordance with the present invention, the positional offset preventing means of the corrugated plate-like damper member is an annular concave portion 10c formed in the inner circumferential surface of the cylindrical retainer member 9. A single corrugated strip steel plate 8c is inserted into this annular concave portion 10c. Accordingly, also in this embodiment, the corrugated strip steel plate 8c is always held in a predetermined position of an annular gap G without fail. Incidentally, the thickness T of the annular concave portion and the width δ of the annular gap are determined so that the sum (T+t) of the thickness T of the annular concave portion and the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plate is 0.8 and 1.3 times of the width δ of the annular gap. Thus, the effect to prevent the positional offset of the corrugated plate-like damper member is further enhanced. In the first and second alternatives, two corrugated plate-like damper members are used. However, in the third embodiment, the single wide corrugated plate-like damper member is used.

In the present invention, the sum (T+t) of the thickness T of the metal thin plate, or the height of the annular convex portion, and the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plates is preferably 0.8 to 1.3 times of the width δ of the annular gap. The reason for this is as follows.

For example, assume that in the embodiment in which the thickness t of the corrugated strip steel plates is 0.1 mm, the height h of the corrugated strip steel plates is 0.25 mm and the width δ of the annular gap is 0.2 mm, the corrugated strip steel plates are buckled or aged due to the use for a long period of time, or the height becomes h'. The height h of the corrugated strip steel plates becomes half the length of 0.25 mm and h' becomes 0.125 mm. In order that the corrugated strip steel plate buckled or aged due to the use for a long period time serves as the corrugated plate-like damper member, the relation, δ<(h'+T) should be established. This is the reason why the corrugated strip steel plates are offset from the predetermined position unless this relationship is met. If the above-described values are substituted into this formula, the relationship, T>0.075 mm, is established. If the thickness t=0.1 mm is added to the right side and the left side of this formula, the relationship, (T+t)>0.175 mm is given. This value, 0.175 mm, is about 0.8 times of the width δ=0.2 mm of the annular gap.

Also, the movable amount χ (amount of change of the corrugated plate-like damper member) of the rotor that is necessary upon the touchdown of the rotor is represented by χ =(δ-t)/2. When the above-described value is substituted for this, the relationship, χ=0.05 mm is obtained. In order not to limit the motion of the rotor by the thickness T of the annular concave portion or the height of the annular convex portion and the thickness of the metal thin plate, it is necessary to meet the relationship, (δ - χ)>T. If the above-described values are substituted into this formula, it is possible to obtain T<0.15 mm. If the thickness t=0.1 mm is added to the right side and the left side of this formula, the relationship, (T+t)<0.25 mm is given. This value, 0.25 mm, is about 1.3 times of the width δ=0.2 mm of the annular gap.

By the way, in the first alternative shown in Fig. 1, the pair of corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b that constitute the corrugated plate-like damper member and the metal thin plate 10a clamped by these plates have portions in contact with each other at the end faces in the axial direction. Therefore, the corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b are prevented from serving as springs. Namely, when the mass of the rotor is m and the spring rigidity of the corrugated plate-like damper member is k, the proper frequency f [Hz] upon the touchdown of the rotor is represented by f=(1/2π)(k/m)1/2. The energy E applied to the cylindrical retainer member 9 upon the touchdown has a proportional relation with the product mf2 of the second powered value f2 of the frequency f and the mass m. For instance, in the case where the proper frequency f is one third of the rated rotation frequency f0 of the rotor, the above-described energy E may be reduced one ninth theoretically by the corrugated plate-like damper member. However, since the pair of corrugated strip steel plates 8a and 8b and the metal thin plate 10a clamped by these plates have portions in contact with each other at the end faces in the axial direction, the corrugated plate-like damper member is prevented from serving as the spring. If so, there is a problem that the effect of the corrugated plate-like damper member for considerably reducing the energy E applied to the cylindrical retainer member 9 upon the touchdown would be degraded.

Various embodiments for solving this problem are shown in Fig. 4. In any of the modified embodiments of Figs. 4(B) to Fig. 4(E) which are modifications to the basic embodiment of Fig. 4(A), the contact portion in the axial direction is reduced. Namely, Fig. 4(B) shows an embodiment in which a rectangular corrugated strip steel plate 8a without any cutaway portion, a rectangular corrugated strip steel plate 8b without any cutaway portion and a rectangular thin steel plate 10a with cutaway portions in the upper and lower side surfaces are used in combination. Fig. 4(C) shows an embodiment in which a rectangular corrugated strip steel plate 8a with cutaway portions in the lower side surface, a rectangular corrugated strip steel plate 8b with cutaway portions in the upper side surface and a rectangular thin steel plate 10a without any cutaway portion are used in combination. Furthermore, Fig. 4(D) shows an embodiment in which a rectangular corrugated strip steel plate 8a with cutaway portions in the upper side surface, a rectangular corrugated strip steel plate 8b with cutaway portions in the lower side surface and a rectangular thin steel plate 10a with cutaway portion in the upper and lower side surfaces are used in combination. Moreover, Fig. 4(E) shows an embodiment in which a rectangular corrugated strip steel plate 8a with cutaway portions in the upper and lower side surfaces, a rectangular corrugated strip steel plate 8b with cutaway portions in the upper and lower side surfaces and a rectangular thin steel plate 10a without any cutaway portion are used in combination.

The energy reduction effect by these modified embodiments will now be described. The entire energy Et1 upon the touchdown in the basic embodiment of Fig. 4(A) is represented by Et1 =α{(G1/2 π)f2 +(G2 /2π)f02} where α is the proportional constant. Then in the case where the proper frequency f is one third of the rated rotational frequency f0 of the rotor, the entire energy Et1 is Et1= α(f02/2π)G1/9+G2) where G1 is the vibration level of the rotor upon the touchdown and G2 is the vibration level at the rated rotational frequency.

The vibration level G1 of the rotor upon the touchdown in case of the basic embodiment of Fig. 4(A) is 0.5 and the vibration level G2 at the rated rotational frequency of the rotor is 0.1. Accordingly, the entire energy Et1 upon the touchdown is represented by Et1=α (f02/2π)0.5/9+0.1)=0.156α(f02/2π).

In the modified embodiments of Fig. 4(B) to Fig. 4(E), the entire energy Et2 upon the touchdown is represented by Et2 =α{(G3/2 π)f2+(G4/2π) f02}. In the case where the proper frequency f is one third of the rated rotational frequency f0 of the rotor, the entire energy Et2 is represented by Et2 =α(f02/2π)(G3/9+G4) where G3 is the vibration level of the rotor upon the touchdown in the case where the contact portion of the corrugated plate-like damper member to the metal thin plate is one third of the non-contact portion, and G4 is the vibration level at the rated rotational frequency of the rotor.

The vibration level G3 of the rotor upon the touchdown in case of the modified embodiments of Fig. 4(B) and Fig. 4(C) is 1.0 and the vibration level G4 at the rated rotational frequency of the rotor is 0.01. Accordingly, the entire energy Et2 upon the touchdown is represented by Et2=α(f02/2π)(1/9+0.01)=0.121α(f02/2π). This is 78% of the entire energy of 0.156α(f02/2π) upon the touchdown in the basic embodiment. Therefore, according to the modified embodiments of Fig. 4(B) and Fig. 4(C), it is possible to further reduce the energy by 22% compared with the basic embodiment of Fig. 4(A). In the same manner, also in the modified embodiments of Fig. 4(D) and Fig. 4(E), it is possible to further reduce the energy compared with the basic embodiment of Fig. 4(A).

Incidentally, in Figs. 1 to 3, the cylindrical retainer member 9 is the retainer member that receives electromagnets forming the thrust bearing 3a, molded of resin and formed into a cylindrical shape. However, this may be formed with another structure, for example, a structure integral with a stator column of the magnetic bearing apparatus.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

Since the corrugated plate-like damper members are held in a predetermined position without fail even if they are narrow corrugated strip steel plates, it is possible that the corrugated plate-like damper members are prevented from being offset to occur abnormal contact between the rotor and the touchdown bearing. In addition, since the positional offset preventing means of the above corrugated plate-like damper member is simple in structure, it is possible to reduce the increase of the manufacture cost thereby as much as possible. Furthermore, there is no positional offset, and there is no unduly strong external force. Thus, the durability of the corrugated plate-like damper member per se is enhanced and the necessity to exchange the parts upon the overhaul is obviated.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Magnetlager, bereitgestellt mit mindestens einer Rotorwelle (1), einem Radialmagnetlager (2) zum Stützen der Rotorwelle in radialer Richtung, einem Axialmagnetlager (3) zum Stützen der Rotorwelle in axialer Richtung, einem Fanglager (4), das aus zwei Kugellagern (4a, 4b) besteht, die so angeordnet sind, dass sie einen unteren Endabschnitt der Rotorwelle umgeben, und zwei gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselementen (8a, 8b), die in einen ringförmigen Spalt (G) zwischen dem Fanglager und seinem Halterungselement eingesetzt sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:
    • ein Mittel (10a) zum Verhindern einer Positionsverschiebung der zwei gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselemente in dem ringförmigen Spalt bereitgestellt ist, wobei das Mittel zum Verhindern einer Positionsverschiebung eine dünne Metallplatte ist, die zwischen den zwei gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselementen (8a, 8b) eingesetzt ist, so dass verhindert wird, dass die gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselemente (8a, 8b) axial zueinander verschoben werden.
  2. Magnetlager, bereitgestellt mit mindestens einer Rotorwelle (1), einem Radialmagnetlager (2) zum Stützen der Rotorwelle in radialer Richtung, einem Axialmagnetlager (3) zum Stützen der Rotorwelle in axialer Richtung, einem Fanglager (4), das aus zwei Kugellagern (4a, 4b) besteht, die so angeordnet sind, dass sie einen unteren Endabschnitt der Rotorwelle umgeben, und zwei gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselementen (8a, 8b), die in einen ringförmigen Spalt (G) zwischen dem Fanglager und seinem Halterungselement eingesetzt sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:
    • ein Mittel (10a) zum Verhindern einer Positionsverschiebung der zwei gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselemente in dem ringförmigen Spalt bereitgestellt ist, wobei das Mittel zum Verhindern einer Positionsverschiebung ein ringförmiger konvexer Abschnitt ist, der an einer inneren Umfangsfläche des Halterungselements ausgebildet ist, um die zwei gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselemente (8a, 8b) zu trennen, so dass verhindert wird, dass die gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselemente (8a, 8b) axial zueinander verschoben werden.
  3. Magnetlager nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei die Summe (T+t) der Dicke (T) der dünnen Metallplatte oder der Höhe des ringförmigen konvexen Abschnitts und der Dicke (t) der gewellten, plattenförmigen Dämpfungselemente, die aus Stahl hergestellt sind, 0,8 bis 1,3 mal eine Breite (δ) des ringförmigen Spalts ist.
  4. Vakuumpumpe, die mit dem Magnetlager nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2 bereitgestellt ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A magnetic bearing apparatus provided at least with a rotor shaft (1), a radial magnetic bearing (2) for supporting said rotor shaft in a radial direction, a thrust magnetic bearing (3) for supporting said rotor shaft in an axial direction, a touchdown bearing (4) composed of a pair of roller bearings (4a,b) arranged to surround a lower end portion of said rotor shaft, and a pair of corrugated plate-like damper members (8a,b) inserted into an annular gap (G) between said touchdown bearing and its retainer member, characterised in that:
    • a positional offset preventing means (10a) of said pair of corrugated plate-like damper members is provided in said annular gap, said positional offset preventing means being a metal thin plate interposed between said pair of corrugated plate-like damper members (8a, 8b), such as to prevent said corrugated plate-like damper members (8a, 8b) from being displaced axially towards each other.
  2. A magnetic bearing apparatus provided at least with a rotor shaft (1), a radial magnetic bearing (2) for supporting said rotor shaft in a radial direction, a thrust magnetic bearing (3) for supporting said rotor shaft in an axial direction, a touchdown bearing (4) composed of a pair of roller bearings (4a,b) arranged to surround a lower end portion of said rotor shaft, and a pair of corrugated plate-like damper members (8a,b) inserted into an annular gap (G) between said touchdown bearing and its retainer member, characterised in that:
    • a positional offset preventing means (10b) of said pair of corrugated plate-like damper members is provided in said annular gap, said positional offset preventing means being an annular convex portion formed in an inner circumferential surface of said retainer member for separating said pair of corrugated plate-like damper members (8a, 8b), such as to prevent said corrugated plate-like damper members (8a, 8b) from being displaced axially towards each other.
  3. The magnetic bearing apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the sum (T+t) of the thickness (T) of the metal thin plate, or the height of the annular convex portion, and the thickness (t) of the corrugated plate-like damper members made of steel is 0.8 to 1.3 times of a width (δ) of the annular gap.
  4. A vacuum pump provided with the magnetic bearing apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Palier magnétique muni au moins d'un arbre d'induit (1), d'un palier magnétique radial (2) afin de supporter ledit arbre d'induit dans une direction radiale, d'un palier magnétique de butée (3) pour supporter ledit arbre d'induit dans une direction axiale, d'un palier à contact (4) se composant d'une paire de paliers à rouleaux (4a,b) disposés de manière à entourer une partie d'extrémité inférieure dudit arbre d'induit, et d'une paire d'éléments d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée (8a,b) insérés dans un espace annulaire (G) entre ledit palier à contact et son élément d'arrêt, caractérisé en ce que :
    • un moyen de prévention du décalage de position (10a) de ladite paire d'éléments d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée est fournit dans ledit espace annulaire, ledit moyen de prévention du décalage de position étant une mince plaque métallique intercalée entre ladite paire d'éléments d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée (8a, 8b), de manière à éviter que lesdits éléments d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée (8a, 8b) ne soient déplacés axialement en direction l'un vers l'autre.
  2. Palier magnétique muni au moins d'un arbre d'induit (1), d'un palier magnétique radial (2) afin de supporter ledit arbre d'induit dans une direction radiale, d'un palier magnétique de butée (3) pour supporter ledit arbre d'induit dans une direction axiale, d'un palier à contact (4) se composant d'une paire de paliers à rouleaux (4a,b) disposés de manière à entourer une partie d'extrémité inférieure dudit arbre d'induit, et d'une paire d'éléments d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée (8a,b) insérés dans un espace annulaire (G) entre ledit palier à contact et son élément d'arrêt, caractérisé en ce que :
    • un moyen de prévention du décalage de position (10a) de ladite paire d'éléments d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée est fournit dans ledit espace annulaire, ledit moyen de prévention du décalage de position étant une partie convexe annulaire formée dans une surface interne circonférentielle dudit élément d'arrêt afin de séparer ladite paire d'éléments d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée (8a, 8b), de manière à éviter que lesdits élément d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée (8a, 8b) ne soient déplacés axialement en direction l'un vers l'autre.
  3. Palier magnétique selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, où la somme Δ (T+t) de l'épaisseur (T) de la mince plaque métallique ou de la hauteur de la partie convexe annulaire, et l'épaisseur (t) des éléments d'amortissement semblables à une tôle ondulée, est de 0,8 à 1,3 fois la largeur (δ) de l'espace annulaire.
  4. Pompe à vide munie du palier magnétique selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2.






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