PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0745840 13.04.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000745840
Titel Nichtdispersiver Infrarotanalysator
Anmelder Shimadzu Corp., Kyoto, JP
Erfinder Araya, Katsuhiko, Uji-shi, Kyoto 611, JP
Vertreter Wilhelms, Kilian & Partner, 81541 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69635759
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 21.05.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 961081098
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 04.12.1996
EP date of grant 25.01.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 13.04.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse G01N 21/37(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse G01N 21/35(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   G01N 21/61(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION: (1) Field of the Invention:

The present invention relates to non-dispersive infrared analyzer for continuously detecting the concentration of a preselected gas in a sample gas using an adsorption band of infrared light which is a characteristic of the preselected gas.

(2) Description of the Related Art:

Non-dispersive infrared analyzers are now widely used for measuring gas concentration for various types of exhaust gases in order to monitor the exhaust for air pollution, and for measuring gas concentration in industrial processes, etc. One such non-dispersive infrared analyzer, as an example, is described in U.S. Patent No. 4,355,233 by Warnke et al.

A prior art non-dispersive infrared analyzer is illustrated in Figures 4a-4b. In the Fig. 4a, an infrared light beam from an infrared light source 14 is output to a cylindrical sample cell 11a and cylindrical reference cell 11b. The emitted beam is periodically and alternatively output to the sample cell 11a and reference cell 11b by a rotating chopper 12 which is connected to a motor 13 by an axle 13a. The chopper 12 rotates at a constant speed, for example, one rotation per second(1Hz), to interrupt the infrared light.

As shown in Fig. 4b, the rotating chopper 12 has a disc shape with a first aperture 12a and a second aperture 12b which are both in the form of an arc.

The first aperture 12a and the second aperture 12b are located opposite to the sample cell 11a and reference cell 11b, respectively. The central angles 12c of the arc shape of both apertures 12a, 12b are much less than 90 degrees such as 30 degrees.

The sample cell 11a and the reference cell 11b are periodically and alternatively exposed to the emitted beam in a time-sharing manner through the first aperture 12a and the second aperture 12b in the chopper 12 which continuously rotates.

A sample gas containing the gas to be measured is continuously streamed through the sample cell 11a. A reference gas such as N2 gas which does not absorb infrared light energy fills the reference cell 11b.

The infrared light beam, after traveling through the sample cell 11a or the reference cell 11b, arrives at a chamber 15a in a detector 15. The chambers 15a, 15b in the detector 15 are filled with the same kind of gas as that to be measured, and are separated by a diaphragm 15c. The diaphragm 15c is a very thin sheet of a conductive material, such as titanium foil, which serves as a variable plate of a capacitor. Disposed next to diaphragm 15c is an electrode 15d which serves as a fixed plate of the capacitor.

Infrared energy within the absorption band, characteristic of the gas to be measured, is absorbed by the same gas in the chamber 15a . Thus, the gas in the chamber 15a becomes heated to a greater extent than that in the chamber 15b. The unequal heating in the chambers 15a and 15b will produce a pressure difference, causing deflection of diaphragm 15c which, in turn, will vary the capacitance established between electrode 15d and diaphragm 15c.

Therefore, the detector 15 can output the signal corresponding to the inside pressure difference caused by absorbing the infrared light.

The output signal obtained from the detector 15 after one rotation of the chopper 12 is illustrated in Fig. 5. Since the infrared light energy is not absorbed by the gas in the reference cell 11b when the beam travels through the reference cell 11b, all the infrared energy within the absorption band, which is characteristic of the gas to be measured, is absorbed by the same gas in the detector 15. Therefore, a reference signal obtained from the detector 15 shows a maximum value.

On the other hand, when the beam travels through the sample cell 11a, since the infrared energy is absorbed by the gas to be measured in the sample cell 11a, the energy absorbed by the same gas in the detector 15 is reduced by the amount of energy absorbed in sample cell 11a. Therefore, a sample signal output from the detector 15 shows a value which is reduced by a value corresponding to the amount of gas to be measured in the sample cell 11a.

A signal processor 16 integrates the oblique line parts in Fig. 5 of the reference signal and the sample signal, respectively. Repeating these operations over many rotations of the chopper 12, the processor 16 averages the integrated value obtained over many rotations of the chopper 12, respectively, to reduce noise. Then, the signal processor 16 produce a normalized intensity ratio by calculating the ratio of the averaged value for the sample signal to that for the reference signal in order to eliminate an effect caused by the fluctuation of the emitted beam intensity and/or the fluctuation of the sensitivity of the detector 15.

Then, the signal processor 16 produces the concentration of the gas to be measured in the sample cell 11a from the normalized intensity ratio on the basis of a calibration curve prepared in advance.

As mentioned above, in the prior art non-dispersive infrared analyzer, as the central angle 12c of the apertures 12a, 12b in the chopper 12 is much less than 90 degree, as shown in Fig. 4b, only the oblique line part in Fig. 5 formed by the reference signal and sample signal can be used for calculating the gas concentration. Therefore, when the reference signal and the sample signal are integrated over many rotations of the chopper 12 to reduce the detection noise, it takes a long time to measure the concentration because only the oblique line parts in Fig. 5 are used.

Especially, in case the concentration variation of the gas to be measured in the sample gas is relatively fast, it becomes impossible to measure the gas concentration precisely because all information obtained from the reference signal and the sample signal is not used.

Analysers comprising an infrared light source, a reference cell, a sample cell, an interrupter controlling irradiation and non-irradiation times of the reference and sample cells, and a pneumatic detector receiving the light that has passed through the sample and reference cells are known from US-A-4 694 174, US-A-3 731 092, and US-A-4 355 234.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

It is therefore an object of the present invention to use all information obtained from the reference signal and the sample signal for calculating the gas concentration.

It is another object of the present invention to have high efficient data acquisition.

It is a further object of the present invention to shorten the amount of measurement time.

It is a further object of the present invention to measure the gas concentration more precisely even when the concentration variation of the gas to be measured in the sample gas is relatively fast.

The foregoing objects are achieved and the foregoing deficiencies are overcome by the present invention as defined in claim 1.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:

The above and other objects and attendant advantages of the preset invention will become readily apparent by reference to the following detailed description when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

  • Figures 1a-1b illustrate one embodiment of a non-dispersive infrared analyzer and chopper constructed in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figure 2 illustrates one embodiment of a signal processor constructed in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figures 3a-3e illustrate one embodiment of time charts of a sample signal and a reference signal obtained by the non-dispersive infrared analyzer constructed in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figures 4a-4b illustrate a prior art non-dispersive infrared analyzer and chopper; and
  • Figure 5 illustrates a time chart of a sample signal and a reference signal obtained from the detector of the prior art non-dispersive infrared analyzer.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT:

In Fig. 1, Fig. 1a illustrates one embodiment of a non-dispersive infrared analyzer constructed in accordance with the present invention, and Fig. 1b illustrates one embodiment of a chopper used for the non-dispersive infrared analyzer constructed in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 1a, the infrared light beam from an infrared light source 4 is output to a cylindrical sample cell 1a and a cylindrical reference cell 1b.

A rotation chopper 2 is placed between the light source 4 and the cells 1a, 1b. The chopper 2 is connected to a motor 3 by a axle 3a and rotates to interrupt the beam by continuous rotation, for example, one rotation per one second (1Hz).

As shown in Fig. 1b, the rotating chopper 2 has a disc shape with a first aperture 2a and a second aperture 2b which are each in the form of an arc and pass infrared light. The first aperture 2a and the second aperture 2b are formed in the chopper 2 opposite the beam entrance to the sample cell 1a and the reference cell 1b, respectively. The aperture 2a is placed on the opposite side of the aperture 2b. Other parts of chopper2 include shielding parts 2c, 2d which operate to block the beam from passing to the cells 1a, 1b. The central angles 2e of the arc shape of both apertures 2a, 2b and an angle 2f of the shielding parts 2c, 2d are all up approximately 90 degrees.

A small aperture 2g, which passes infrared light, is formed near the aperture 2a in the chopper 2. An optical infrared sensor 7, such as a photodiode, is placed at a position facing the orbit of the small aperture 2g. The sensor 7 senses when the first aperture 2a passes over the sample cell 1a. The optical light sensor 7 feeds the position signal to the signal processor 6, which determines whether the signal from the detector 5 belongs to the sample signal generated by the beam traveling through the sample cell 1a or the reference signal 1b generated by the beam traveling through reference cell 1b.

The sample cell 1a and the reference cell 1b are periodically and alternatively exposed to the emitted beam by the rotating chopper 2 which rotates at a constant speed. The amount of exposure time of the emitted beam to both cells 1a, 1b becomes approximately equal to the amount of no exposure time to both cells 1a, 1b.

A detector 5, which is a pneumatic detector, has detector chambers 5a and 5b which are generally filled with the same kind of gas as that to be measured. The chambers 5a, 5b are separated by a diaphragm 5c. The diaphragm 5c is a very thin sheet of a conductive material such as titanium foil which serves as a variable plate of a capacitor. Disposed next to the diaphragm 5c is an electrode 5d which serves as a fixed plate of the capacitor.

Infrared energy within the absorption band, which is characteristic of the gas to be measured, will be absorbed by the same gas in the chamber 5a. Thus, the gas in chamber 5a becomes heated to a greater extent than that in the chamber 5b. The unequal heating in the chambers 5a and 5b will produce a pressure difference, causing deflection of diaphragm 5c which, in turn, will vary the capacitance established between electrode 5d and diaphragm 5c.

Therefore, the detector 5 outputs a signal correspond to the inside pressure change caused by absorbing the infrared light.

The detector 5 is positioned such that the infrared light beam, which travels through the sample cell 1a or the reference cell 1b, only enters chamber 5a and does not enter chamber 5b.

Fig. 3b shows a detector signal obtained from the detector 5. Since the infrared light beam is not absorbed in the reference cell 1b, all the infrared energy within the absorption band, which is characteristic of the gas to be measured, is absorbed in the detector 5 so that the reference signal output from the detector 5 becomes a maximum value.

On the other hand, since the infrared energy within the absorption band, which is characteristic of the gas to be measured, is absorbed by the gas to be measured in the sample cell 1a, a sample signal output from the detector 15 when detecting a beam passing through the sample cell 1a becomes a value which is reduced by a value corresponding to the amount of the gas to be measured in the sample cell 1a.

As shown in Fig. 2, a signal processor 6 consists of a full-wave rectifier 6a, a comparator 6b and an operation circuit 6c. As shown in Fig. 3c, the full-wave rectifier 6a rectifies the detector signal shown in Fig. 3b from the detector 5.

The comparator 6b compares the rectified signal shown in Fig. 3c with the reference voltage which is a smaller voltage, for example, 10% voltage of the voltage corresponding to the maximum value. The comparator 6b outputs the pulse signal as the leading edge of the reference signal and sample signal as shown in Fig. 3d.

The operation circuit 6c starts integrating the rectified signal from the full-wave rectifier 6a when the trailing edge of the pulse signal from the comparator 6b is recognized, and stops integrating when the leading edge of the pulse signal from the comparator 6b is recognized, then stores the integrated value.

The operation circuit 6c recognizes the two integral values M1i, M2i, which are obtained after the recognition signal e from optical light sensor 7 is input, as first and second measurements. The operation circuit 6c recognizes two integrated values R1i, R2i, which are obtained before the recognition signal e from the optical light sensor 7 is input, as first and second reference values. Then the operational circuit 6c calculates the normalized intensity ratio r of the sample signal by the following equation: r=(&Sgr;M1i+&Sgr;M2i)/(&Sgr;R1i+&Sgr;R2i)

wherein "i" indicates a data number of the plural data obtained by making the chopper 2 rotate several times, and "&Sgr;" indicates the summation of the data obtained by every rotation of the chopper 2.

Furthermore, the operational circuit 6c converts the normalized intensity ratio r into the concentration of the gas to be measured by using a calibration curve which is prepared in advance.

The concentration of the gas to be measured is displayed on a CRT 8.

The operation of the present invention is as follows:

The infrared light beam from the infrared light source 4 is periodically and alternatively output to the sample cell 1a and the reference cell 1b by making chopper 2 rotate.

The infrared beam, which travels through the sample cell 1a and reference cell 1b, is detected by the detector 5 as the sample signal 1a and the reference signal, respectively, as shown in Fig. 3b. Since the aperture 2a facing with the sample cell 1a and the aperture 2b facing with the reference cell 1b are each formed in an arc shape having a central angle of about 90 degrees in the chopper 2 as shown in Fig. 1b, each amount of time for which the infrared light beam is emitted and not emitted to the sample cell 1a, and to the reference cell 1b are all about equal.

Therefore, the shape of the sample signal detected by the detector 5 through emission or unemission of the infrared light beam is approximately symmetrical with respect to the time-axis as shown in Fig. 3b, and the reference signal detected by the detector 5 is the same as that of the sample signal.

After these signals are full-wave rectified by the full-wave rectifier 6a, not only the signal obtained by infrared emission but also the signal obtained by infrared unemission are integrated and used for measuring the concentration of the gas to be measured in the operation circuit 6c.

Therefore, the non-dispersive infrared analyzer of the present invention can obtain about twice the amount of information about the concentration of the gas to be measured than a conventional apparatus per one chopper rotation.

Thus, in the present invention, it takes half the amount of time to measure the concentration of the gas as in the conventional.

Therefore, the present invention enables high-precise measurement of the concentration of the gas to be measured even when the concentration of the gas to be measured varies relatively fast.

Although the embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail, it will be understood that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications in design may be made without departing from the scope of the invention defined in the claims.


Anspruch[de]
Nichtdispersiver Infrarotanalysator, welcher aufweist: eine Infrarotlichtquelle (4) zur Abgabe eines Infrarotlichtbündels; eine Referenzzelle (1b), welche einen Infrarotlichtdurchgang aufweist und mit einem Referenzgas gefüllt ist; eine Probenzelle (1a), welche so aufgebaut ist, dass durch sie ein Gasstrom geht, wobei die Probenzelle einen Infrarotlichtdurchgang aufweist, durch welchen sowohl ein ein zu messendes Gas enthaltendes Probengas als auch das von der Infrarotquelle abgegebene Infrarotlichtbündel verlaufen; einen Unterbrecher (2) zur Unterbrechung des Infrarotlichtbündels, wobei der Unterbrecher eine Einstrahlung des Bündels für die Referenzzelle allein, eine Nicht-Einstrahlung des Bündels für sowohl die Probenzelle als auch die Referenzzelle, eine Einstrahlung des Bündels für die Probenzelle allein und eine Nicht-Einstrahlung des Bündels für sowohl die Probenzelle als auch die Referenzzelle, schnell nacheinander durchführt; und einen pneumatischen Detektor (5), der zwei durch ein Diaphragma (5c) getrennte und mit der gleichen Art von Gas wie das zu messende Gas gefüllte Kammern (5a, 5b) aufweist und so angeordnet ist, dass das Infrarotlichtbündel, welches die Referenzzelle oder die Probenzelle durchlaufen hat, nur in eine der Kammern (5a, 5b) eintritt, wobei der Detektor Infrarotenergie bei der Infrarotlichtwellenlänge, die einem Absorptionsband des zu messenden Gases entspricht, abfühlt; wobei der Unterbrecher (2) die Einstrahlungen und Nicht-Einstrahlungen so durchführt, dass die Größe jeder Einstrahlungs- und Nicht-Einstrahlungszeit ungefähr gleich ist; Diskriminierungsmittel zur Erzeugung eines Diskriminierungssignals, welches zwischen Einstrahlung und Nicht-Einstrahlung des Infrarotlichtbündels auf die Referenzzelle und die Probenzelle diskriminiert; mit dem Detektor und den Diskriminierungsmitteln gekoppelte Verarbeitungsmittel für den Empfang des Diskriminiersignals von den Diskriminierungsmitteln und eines elektrischen Signals vom Detektor, wobei die Verarbeitungsmittel (6) für ein Gleichrichten des elektrischen Signals, das vom Detektor (5) durch Einstrahlung und Nicht-Einstrahlung des Infrarotbündels für die Referenzzelle (1b) gewonnen ist, und des elektrischen Signals, das vom Detektor durch Einstrahlung und Nicht-Einstrahlung des Infrarotbündels für die Probenzelle (1a) gewonnen ist, und ein Integrieren des gleichgerichteten Signals eingerichtet sind, wobei die Verarbeitungsmittel so eingerichtet sind, dass sie ein normiertes Intensitätsverhältnis beider integrierter Werte erzeugen und eine Konzentration des zu messenden Gases in der Probenzelle berechnen. Nichtdispersiver Infrarotanalysator nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Unterbrecher ein zwischen der Infrarotlichtquelle (4) und sowohl Proben- als auch Referenzzelle (1a, 1b) liegender Chopper (2) ist,

wobei der Copper Scheibenform mit einer ersten Öffnung (2a) und einer zweiten Öffnung (2b), welche Infrarotlicht durchlassen, hat, wobei die erste Öffnung (2a) bogenförmig an einem der Probenzelle (1a) gegenüberliegenden Ort ausgebildet ist, die zweite Öffnung (2b) bogenförmig an einem der Referenzzelle (1b) gegenüberliegendem Ort ausgebildet ist, wobei Zentriwinkel der Bogenform von erster und zweiter Öffnung (2a, 2b) und ein Zentriwinkel eines Abschirmungsteils (2c, 2d), welcher ein Teil mit Ausnahme eines Öffnungsteils des Choppers ist, alle ungefähr 90° betragen.
Nichtdispersiver Infrarotanalysator nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Diskriminierungsmittel a) eine Diskriminierungsöffnung (2g), die an einer Stelle in der Nähe von erster oder zweiter Öffnung (2a, 2b) auf dem Chopper (2) und b) ein in dem durch die Diskriminierungsöffnung (2g) verlaufenden Lichtweg angeordneter optischer Sensor (7) sind. Nichtdispersiver Infrarotanalysator nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Bearbeitungsmittel (6) enthalten: einen Vollwellengleichrichter (6a) zur Vollwellengleichrichtung des am Detektor (5) erhaltenen elektrischen Signals, einen Komparator (6b) zur Feststellung einer Anstiegsflanke und einer Abfallflanke eines gleichgerichteten Signals durch Vergleichen eines vollwellengleichgerichteten Signals mit einer Referenzspannung, und Rechenmittel (6c) zur Integrierung des gleichgerichteten Signals, das durch das durch die Referenzzelle und die Probenzelle verlaufende/nicht verlaufende Infrarotlicht gewonnen ist, wobei die Rechenmittel so eingerichtet sind, dass sie ein normiertes Intensitätsverhältnis beider integrierter Werte erzeugen und eine Konzentration des zu messenden Gases in der Probenzelle (1a) unter Verwendung einer vorab erstellten Eichkurve berechnen.
Anspruch[en]
A non-dispersive infrared analyzer, comprising: an infrared light source (4) for emitting an infrared light beam; a reference cell (1b) having an infrared light passage and being filled with a reference gas; a sample cell (1a) configured to have a gas flow therethrough, said sample cell having an infrared light passage through which both a sample gas, containing a gas to be measured, and said infrared light beam, emitted from said infrared source, passes; an interrupter (2) for interrupting said infrared light beam, said interrupter performing irradiation of the beam for said reference cell only, non-irradiation of the beam for both the sample and reference cells, irradiation of the beam for said sample cell only, and non-irradiation of the beam for both the sample and reference cells, one after another rapidly; and a pneumatic detector (5) having two chambers (5a, 5b) filled with the same kind of gas as that to be measured, separated by a diaphragm (5c), located so that said infrared light beam, which travelled trough one of said reference cell and said sample cell, enters only one of said chambers (5a, 5b), said detector sensing infrared energy at the infrared light wavelength corresponding to an absorption band of gas to be measured; said interrupter (2) performing said irradiations and non-irradiations so that an amount of each is radiation and non-irradiation time is approximately equal; discrimination means for generating a discrimination signal discriminating between irradiation and non-irradiation of said infrared light beam on said reference cell and said sample cell; a processing means, coupled to said detector and said discrimination means, for receiving the discrimination signal from the discrimination means and an electric signal from said detector, said processing means (6) being arranged for rectifying the electrical signal obtained from said detector (5) by irradiation and non-irradiation of the infrared beam for the reference cell (1b) and the electrical signal obtained from said detector by irradiation and non-irradiation of the infrared beam for the sample cell (1a), respectively and integrating the rectified signals, said processing means being arranged for producing a normalized intensity ratio of both integrated values and for calculating a concentration of the gas to be measured in said sample cell. A non-dispersive infrared analyzer according to claim 1, wherein said interrupter is a chopper (2) located between the infrared light source (4) and both said sample and reference cells (1a, 1b),

wherein the chopper has a disc shape with a first aperture (2a) and a second aperture (2b) which pass infrared light, the first aperture (2a) being formed in an arc shape at a place facing said sample cell (1a), and the second aperture (2b) being formed in an arc shape at a place facing said reference cell (1b), wherein central angles of the arc shape of both first and second apertures (2a, 2b) and a central angle of a shielding part (2c, 2d), which is a part except an aperture part of the chopper, are all approximately 90 degrees.
A non-dispersive infrared analyzer according to claim 1, wherein said discrimination means is a) a discrimination aperture (2g) formed at a position near the first or second aperture (2a, 2b) on the chopper (2) and b) an optical sensor (7) placed in a light path passing through the discrimination aperture (2g). A non-dispersive infrared analyzer according to claim 1, wherein said processing means (6) includes

a full-wave rectifier (6a) for full-wave rectifying the electrical signal obtained from said detector (5),

a comparator (6b) for detecting a leading edge and trailing edge of a rectified signal by comparing a full-wave rectified signal with a reference voltage, and

an operation means (6c) for integrating the rectified signal obtained by the infrared light travelling/not-travelling through said reference cell and said sample cell, respectively, said operation means being arranged for producing a normalized intensity ratio of both integrated values and calculating a concentration of the gas to be measured in said sample cell (1a) by using a calibration curve prepared in advance.
Anspruch[fr]
Analyseur à infrarouge non-dispersif comprenant : une source de lumière à infrarouge (4) pour émettre un faisceau de lumière infrarouge; une cellule de référence (1b) comportant un passage pour la lumière infrarouge et remplie par un gaz de référence; une cellule à échantillon (1a) configurée de manière à être traversée par un écoulement de gaz, ladite cellule à échantillon possédant un passage pour la lumière infrarouge, dans lequel passent à la fois un gaz échantillon, contenant un gaz à mesurer, et ledit faisceau de lumière infrarouge émis par ladite source de lumière infrarouge; un interrupteur (2) pour interrompre ledit faisceau de lumière infrarouge, ledit interrupteur exécutant une irradiation avec le faisceau uniquement pour ladite cellule de référence, n'exécutant aucune irradiation avec le faisceau à la fois pour la cellule à échantillon et la cellule de référence, effectuant une irradiation avec le faisceau uniquement pour ladite cellule à échantillon et n'effectuant aucune irradiation avec le faisceau à la fois pour la cellule échantillon et la cellule de référence, et ce rapidement les unes après les autres; et un détecteur pneumatique (5) comportant deux chambres (5a,5b) remplies par le même type de gaz que celui à mesurer, séparées par un diaphragme (5c), disposé de telle sorte que ledit faisceau de lumière infrarouge, qui a traversé l'une de ladite cellule de référence et de ladite cellule à échantillon, pénètre uniquement dans l'une desdites chambres (5a,5b), ledit détecteur détectant une énergie infrarouge à la longueur d'onde de la lumière infrarouge correspondant à une bande d'absorption du gaz à mesurer; ledit interrupteur (2) exécutant lesdites irradiations et non-irradiations de telle sorte qu'une quantité de chaque temps d'irradiation et de chaque temps de non-irradiation est approximativement la même; des moyens de discrimination pour générer un signal de discrimination établissant une discrimination entre l'irradiation et la non-irradiation de ladite cellule de référence et de ladite cellule à échantillon par ledit faisceau de lumière infrarouge; des moyens de traitement, couplés audit détecteur et auxdits moyens de discrimination, pour recevoir le signal de discrimination de la part des moyens de discrimination et un signal électrique provenant dudit détecteur, lesdits moyens de traitement (6) étant agencés pour redresser le signal électrique fourni par ledit détecteur (5) par irradiation et non-irradiation avec le faisceau infrarouge pour la cellule de référence (1b) et le signal électrique fourni par ledit détecteur par irradiation et non irradiation avec le faisceau infrarouge pour la cellule à échantillon (1a) respectivement et intégrer les signaux redressés, lesdits moyens de traitement étant agencés de manière à produire un rapport normalisé d'intensités des deux valeurs intégrées et pour calculer une concentration du gaz à mesurer dans la cellule à échantillon. Analyseur à infrarouge non-dispersif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit interrupteur est un hacheur (2) situé entre la source de lumière infrarouge (4) et à la fois ladite cellule à échantillon et ladite cellule de référence (1a,1b),

dans lequel le hacheur possède la forme d'un disque ayant une première ouverture (2a) et une seconde ouverture (2b), qui laissent passer la lumière infrarouge, la première ouverture (2a) étant réalisée avec une forme d'arc en un emplacement en vis-à-vis de ladite cellule à échantillon (1a) et la seconde ouverture (2b) étant réalisée avec une forme d'arc en un emplacement situé en vis-à-vis de ladite cellule de référence (1b), les angles au centre de la forme d'arc des deux première et seconde ouvertures (2a,2b) et un angle au centre d'une partie masquée (2c,2d), qui est une partie en dehors d'une partie d'ouverture du hacheur, étant tous égaux approximativement à 90 degrés.
Analyseur à infrarouge non-dispersif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de discrimination sont (a) une ouverture de discrimination (2g) formée dans une position proche de la première ou de la seconde ouverture (2a,2b) pour le hacheur (2), et (b) un capteur optique (7) placé dans un trajet de lumière passant par l'ouverture de discrimination (2g). Analyseur à infrarouge non-dispersif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de traitement (6) comprennent

un redresseur double alternance (6a) pour réaliser un redressement double alternance du signal électrique obtenu à partir dudit détecteur (5),

un comparateur (6b) pour détecter un bord avant et un bord arrière d'un signal redressé par comparaison d'un signal redressé double alternance avec une tension de référence, et

des moyens opérationnels (6c) pour intégrer le signal redressé obtenu au moyen de la lumière infrarouge traversant / ne traversant pas respectivement ladite cellule de référence et ladite cellule à échantillon, lesdits moyens de fonctionnement étant agencés de manière à produire un rapport normalisé d'intensités des deux valeurs intégrées et pour calculer une concentration du gaz à mesurer dans ladite cellule à échantillon (1a) moyennant l'utilisation d'une courbe d'étalonnage préparée par avance.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com