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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0839535 13.04.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000839535
Titel Extrakt aus Menschlicher Plazenta, der Glycosphingolipide und endothelinartige Peptide enthält, zur Behandlung von Vitiligo
Anmelder Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, IN
Erfinder Bhadra, Indian Inst. of Chem. Biology, Ranjan, Calcutta -700 032, IN;
Pal, Indian Inst. of Chem. Biology, Prajnamoy, Calcutta -700 032, IN;
Ray, Indian Inst. of Chem. Biology, Rabindra, Calcutta -700 032, IN;
Dutta, Institute of Child Health, Ajit Kumar, Calcutta, IN
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69635762
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 05.11.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 963080007
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.05.1998
EP date of grant 25.01.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 13.04.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse A61K 35/50(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

Vitiligo or 'Swetakustha', as described in ancient medical texts, is a skin disfiguring phenomenon affecting about 1% of the world population compared to 3% Indians. Though not painful or lethal in nature, patients are burdened with mental agony and depression due to social stigma and a wholly satisfactory therapy is therefore needed for this disease. Unfortunately, vitiligo failed to respond in many cases to the therapies currently in use and the development of a therapy satisfying the desired parameters has remained a challenge to modern medical science.

Among the therapies, mostly ill-defined, human placental extract has been claimed to be effective for vitiligo without proper justification by scientific investigation - namely, an indication of the active components. The method of preparation of the extract is secretly guarded.

The hitherto known method of preparation of a hydroalcoholic extract of fresh human placenta meant for vitiligo treatment has been described in US 4,507,277. The process disclosed consists of triturating human placenta cotyledons after few days of freezing in a refrigeraor at about 2 to 8°C and maceration with an absolute or about 60 to 100% wt., e.g. 95% wt., aqueous ethanol, and maintaining the extraction of lipoproteins stated to be responsible for colour development in guinea pigs' nipples after 20 to 50 days of application. The active component was precipitated from the supernatant by addition of about 5 to about 20 volumes of a saturated ethanolic solution of benzoic acid. Then the precipitate was washed with and aqueous solution of benzoic acid followed by aqueous or absolute acetone. Centrifugation was then effected at about 1000 to 3000 rpm for about 10 to 30 minutes. The residue was then washed with acetone and dried in vacuum at ambient temperature. The dried residue was then redissolved in ethyl and filtered on a Sephadex TM column. The rate was 10 to 30 drops per minute and the fractions eluting a 5 to 10 mls C/u were resolved into two peaks and the second peak was stated to contain active ingredient(s). However, alcoholic extract was also mentioned as an useful preparation for treatment of patients with vitiligo.

Regarding the efficacy of the available placental extract used in the treatment of vitiligo, much criticism has been made from different scientific quarters (Nordlund et al., Dermatologica 1990; 181: 1-4; Goldstein et al., Int. J. Dermatol. 1992; 31:314-319) primarily for the lack of scientific evidence in respect of active principles present in it. But all the critics instead of discarding it as therapy, stressed the need for a thorough and intensive scientific investigation to look for the active components of the extracts. Some recent reports (Kojina et al., J. Biol. Chern. 1991; 266: 17552-17558; Imokawa et al., J. Biol. Chem. 1992; 267: 24675-24680) in this respect suggest that glycosphingolipids and a 21-amino acid vasoconstrictor peptide and endothelin are the potent modulators of melanocyte migration as well as motility and growth promotion. These are the key events in the recovery of skin pigmentation.

Accordingly, the present invention provides a process for the preparation of an extract from human placenta containing glycosphingolipids and endothelin-like constituent peptides useful for the treatment of vitiligo which comprises:

  • (a) chopping the whole placenta into small pieces;
  • (b) triturating the chopped material by known method using an aqueous alcoholic solvent;
  • (c) extracting the whole triturated material by heating in a phased manner, first at 40° to 50°C for 20 to 40 minutes and then at 60° to 70°C for 5 to 15, minutes avoiding the application of direct heat;
  • (d) aging the triturated and heated material in the dark at room temperature and minimizing exposure to air; (e) filtering to remove comparatively larger residues/tissue debris;
  • (f) adjusting the concentration of alcohol present to a strength not less than 40% and not above 60% by weight using distilled water;
  • (g) aging the supernatant further by keeping the material for 3 to 4 days in the dark at room temperature, minimizing exposure to air;
  • (h) filtering through a finer filtering aid, such as Whatman No. 1 filter paper packed with its shavings;
  • (i) keeping the supernatant thus obtained for aging to allow the finer particles to settle down;
  • (j) centrifuging the resulting material at 10,000 to 14,000 rpm for 20 to 40 minutes at 4° to 10°C to give a clear straw coloured extract.

The trituration in step (b) may be effected using absolute ethanol, rectified spirit, alkanols with not more than two carbon atoms and the like in an amount ranging from 85-100% by weight. The chopping and trituration may be effected at a temperature in the range of 20°-35°C. The aging of step (d) is preferably performed for a period ranging from 36-60 hrs. The filtration of the aged material may be done using known coarse filtering systems known in the art. These steps may be effected at a temperature in the range of 20°C to 35°C. All the steps in the process are effected under normal atmospheric pressure.

In the process of the present invention, the whole placenta is used because it has been reported that endothelin, a small vasoconstrictor peptide known to be powerful mitogenic factor for melanocyte growth and survival, occurs in the microvilli throughout the placental mass. Lipids are also distributed among all the tissue bodies. The process employs heat extraction so as to extract even small molecules known to be useful for growth and migration of pigment forming cells, melanocytes. The process avoids the use of extraaeous substances such as benzoic acid and acetone. The process takes care in all steps to avoid use of excessive air exposure of the extract so that vulnerable lipid/conjugated lipid molecules are least affected.

Therefore, preparation of such extracts from fresh human term placenta is a prerequisite in order to search for the active component(s), if any, present. The main object of the present invention is to provide an improved process for the preparation of a human placental extract that, upon chemical analysis, is found to contain important constituents which are the active principles for the treatment of vitiligo. These active ingredients are presumed to be glycosphingolipids and endothelin-like vasoconstrictor peptides.

The heat extraction may be carried out in a three-necked flask using a mechanical stirrer, a heat monitoring unit (e.g. thermometer) and a water condenser. The flask used here may either be a water-jacketed or it can be placed in a water bath with a temperature control device known in the art'. By applying a cooling system such as a water condenser, the solvent evaporation is prevented to maximize the extraction. The extract during aging and storage should preferably be kept at room temperature and in the dark.

The invention is described in detail in the following examples which are provided to illustrate the invention.

Example 1

AIDS - negative fresh human term placentae were collected from the Medical College hospital maternity ward. On an average the mass of a placenta was 300-350 gms. (after sqeezing out the excess blood). At first it was chopped into big pieces, and then the blood still held was drawn out. Thereafter the material was triturated thoroughly for 15 minutes at room temperature in a waring blender, adding 90% ethanol, (1.2 litres) for each placenta. Subsequently the whole material obtained from two placentae trituration in a typical set was taken in a 3L three- necked round-bottom flask fitted with a water condenser having guard tube of calcium chloride (fused) at the open end, a thermometer and a mechanical stirrer. The flask was half-submerged in a water bath and heated till the temperature recorded by the thermometer inside the flask was close to 50° ± 1°C. This was maintained for 30 minutes followed by a brief heating for another 5 minutes at 60-65°C. The entire content of the flask was then kept at room temperature for 48 hours in dark to give the aging effect while tightly corking the necks of the flask. This minimized the exposure of the material to air. Large tissue mass was then filtered through a coarse filtering aid (cheese cloth or the like) and the filtrate thus collected was preserved in a 4L conical flask. The alcohol concentration of the extract (presumably close to 85-90% v/v) was then adjusted approximately to 60% (v/v) by the addition of water (calculated after the measurement of the extract). The volume of the extract obtained from two placentae was nearly 3.5 litres. The flask was then sealed tightly to minimize the exposure to air and kept in dark at room temperature for another 48-60 hours in order to further age the material. The finer particles as appeared after such aging settled down at the bottom of the container and filtered out through a Whatman No.1 filter - paper packed with its shavings on a Buchner funnel. The filtrate thus obtained was collected in another 4L conical flask and aged for the third time for 24 hours under the conditions as described before. Finally the material was centrifuged at 10,000 rpm for 30 minutes using a (Beckman) sorvall centrifuge. The clear straw coloured extract thus obtained as supernatant was separated and collected as finished product and used for bottling. The final volume of the extract was about 3.48 litres. For better storage of the product, an amber coloured bottle was used in packing and the packed material was stored in a cool dark place at room temperature. Materials and Conditions employed No. of placenta processed at a time : Two Average mass of a placenta : 325 gms Alcohol conc. during trituration : 90% (v/v) Vol. of alcohol used per placenta : 1.2 litres Extraction temperature and time : First at 50° ± 1 °C for 30 minutes and then at 60 ± 1 °C for 5 minutes Duration and condition maintained during first aging : 48 hours in dark at room temperature with tight corking Filtering aid to remove large tissue mass : Coarse filtering aid (cheese cloth or the like) Final alcohol conc. after adjustment with water : approximately 60% (v/v) Duration and condition maintained during second aging : 48-60 hours in dark at room temperature by tight corking Filtering aid to remove finer particles : Whatman No.1 filter paper packed particles with its shavings Duration and condition maintained during third (final) aging : 24 hours in dark at room temperature with tight corking Speed, duration and temperature during centrifugation : 10,000 rpm; 30 minutes; 2-4°C Final volume of the extract obtained : 3.48 litres (approximately) Storage : In amber colour bottle and in cool and dark place at room temperature
Gross Composition Analysis (for quality control) Components Conc. in the alcohol extract (mg/ml) Acetone soluble peptides* : 0.002 Acetone precipitable peptides/ : small proteins 0.008 Free sialic acid : 0.009 or (9 µg/ml) Bound sialic acid : 0.008 or (0.8 µg/ml) Total lipids** : 0.362 Total carbohydrates : 0.141 Total phosphorus : 0.016 Minor Components detected : Vitamin B6 and D, nucleotides, traces of amino acids like asparagine, threonine, valine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, progesterone and oestrogens (in ng. to pg.). Glucocorticoids (about 100 ng/ml). * Bio-assay of this fracticn clearly indicated a vasoconstrictor property similar to that of endothelin peptide, known as an indispensible agent for melanocyte growth. ** Lipids upon further analysis showed glycosphingolipids and other polar and non-polar lipids. Sphingolipids have been reported as an agent for adhesion, spreading and motility of skin cells, melanocytes.
(All the estimations and analysis were performed according to the standard published methods. For example, protein estimation by Lowry method, carbohydrates by the orcinol-H2SO4 method, sialic acids by TBA assay method, phosphorus by the Ames method, lipids by phosphovanillin-H2SO4 method etc.).

Example 2

The details of the process are almost the same as described for Example 1 for the preparation of the placental extract. Varying parameters have been used only in case of material types and conditions of the process. This includes minor quantitative variations in components of the extract. The details of the parameters of the process conditions and composition of the extract are given below: Materials and Conditions employed: No. of placenta processed at a time : Two Average mass of a placenta 348 gms Alcohol conc. during trituration : 95% (v/v) Vol. of alcohol used per placenta 1.25 titres Extraction temperature and time : First at 45° ± 1 °C for 30 minutes and then at 65 ± 1 °C for 10 minutes Duration and condition maintained during first aging : 52 hours in dark at room temperature (27°C) by tight corking. Filtering aid to remove large tissue mass : Course filtering aid (Nylon cloth or the like) Final alcohol conc. after ad justment with water : Approximately 58% (v/v) Duration and condition maintained during second aging : 60 hours in dark at room temperature (27 °C) by tight corking Filtering aid to remove finer particles : Whatman No. 1 filter paper packed with its shavings Duration and condition maintained during second aging : 30 hours in dark at room temperature by tight corking Speed duration and temperature during centrifugation : 10,000 rpm; 30 minutes; 2-4°C Final volume of the extract obtained : 4.1 litres (approximately) Storage : In amber colour bottle and in a cool and dark place at room temperature.
Gross Composition Analysis (for quality control) Components Conc. in the alcohol extract (mg/ml) Acetone soluble peptides* 0.0018 Acetone precipitable peptides/ small proteins 0.009 Free sialic acid 0.011 or (11µg/ml) Bound sialic acid 0.0005 or (0.5 µg/ml) Total lipids** 0.355 Total carbohydrates 0.135 Total phosphorus 0.022 Minor components detected Vitamin B6 and D, nucleosides, traces of amino acids like asparagine, threonine, valine, tryptophan and phenyl alanine. Progesterones and oestrogens (in ng. to pg.), glucocorticoids (about 110 ng/ml) * Bio-assay of this fraction clearly indicated vasoconstrictor property similar to that of endothelin peptide, known as indispensible agent for melanocyte growth. **Lipids upon further analysis showed glycosphingolipids and other polar and non-polar lipids. Sphingolipids have been reported as an agent for adhesion, spreading and motility of skin cells, melanocytes.
(All the estimations and analysis were performed according to the standard published methods. For examples, protein estimation by the Lowry method, carbohydrates by the orcinol-H2SO4 method, sialic acids by TBA assay method, phosphorus by the Ames method, lipids by phosphovanillin-H2SO4 method etc.)

Example 3

The details of the process are same as described for Example 1 for the preparation of the placental extract. Varying parameters have been used only in case of material types and conditions of the process. This includes minor quantitative variations in components of the extract. The details of the parameters and composition of the extract are given below: Materials and Conditions employed No. of placenta processed at a time : Two Average mass of placenta . 330 gms Alcohol conc. during trituration : 92% (v/v) Vol. of alcohol used per placenta : 1.22 litres Extraction temperature and time : First at 50±1°C for 40 minutes and then at 60±1°C for 10 minutes Duration and condition maintained during first aging : Same as in Example 2 Filtering aid to remove large tissue mass : Fine absorbent cotton pad Final alcohol conc. after adjustment with water : approximately 60% (v/v) Duration and condition maintained during second aging : Same as in Example 2 Filtering aid to remove finer Particles : Same as in Example 2 Duration and condition maintained during third (final) aging : Same as in Example 2 Speed, duration and temperature during centrifugation : Same as in Example 2 Final volume of the extract obtained : 3.48 litres (approximately) Storage : Same as in Example 2
Gross Composition Analysis (for quality control) Components Conc. in the alcohol extract (mg/ml) Acetone soluble peptides* : 0.0015 Acetone precipitable peptides/small proteins : 0.0025 Free sialic acid : 0.004 or (4 µg/ml) Bound sialic acid : 0.004 or (4 µg/ml) Total lipids** : 0.350 Total carbohydrates : 0.138 Total phosphorous : 0.014 Minor Components detected : Vitamin B6 and D, nucleosides, traces of amino acids like asparagine, threonine, valine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, progesterones and oestrogens (in ng. to pg.) Glucocorticoids (about 100 ng/ml). * Bio-assay of this fraction clearly indicated a vasoconstrictor property similar to that of endothelin peptide, known as an indispensible agent for melanocyte growth. **Lipids upon further analysis showed glycosphingolipids and other polar and non-polar lipids. Sphingolipids have been reported as an agent for adhesion, spreading and motility of skin cells, melanocytes.
(All the estimations and analysis were performed according to the standard published methods. For examples, protein estimation by the Lowry method, carbohydrates by orcinol-H2SO4 method, sialic acids by TBA assay method, phosphorus by the Ames method, lipids by phosphovanillin-H2SO4 method etc.)

Example 4

The details of the process are same as described under Example 1 for the preparation of the placental extract. Varying parameters have been used only in case of material types and conditions of the process. This includes minor quantitative variations in components of the extract. The details of the parameters and composition of the extract are given below: Materials and Conditions employed No. of placenta processed at a time : Two Average mass of a placenta : 340 gms Alcohol conc. during trituration : 87% (v/v) Vol. of alcohol used per placenta : 1.24 litres Extraction temperature and time : First at 45°±1°C for 40 minutes and then at 63±1°C for 5 minutes Duration and condition maintained during first aging : Same as in Example 2 Filtering aid to remove large tissue mass : Same as in Example 2 Final alcohol conc. after adjustment with water : Approximately 56% (v/v) Duration and condition maintained during second aging : Same as in Example 2 Filtering aid to remove finer Particles : Same as in Example 2 Duration and condition maintained during third (final) aging : Same as in Example 2 Speed, duration and temperature during centrifugation : Same as in Example 2 Final volume of the extract obtained : 4.1 litres (approximately) Storage : Same as in Example 2
Gross Composition Analysis (for quality control) Components Conc. in the alcohol extract (mg/ml) Acetone soluble peptides* : 0.0017 Acetone precipitable peptides/small proteins : 0.002 Free sialic acid : 0.008 or (8 µg/ml) Bound sialic acid : 0.001 or (1 µg/ml) Total lipids** : 0.352 Total carbohydrates : 0.132 Total phosphorus : 0.020 Minor Components detected : Vitamin B6 and D, nucleosides, traces of amino acids like asparagine, threonine, valine, tryptophan, phenylalanine; Progesterones and oestrogens (in ng. to pg.) Glucocorticoids (about 120 ng/ml). * Bioassay of this fraction clearly indicated a vasoconstrictor property similar to that of endothelin peptide, known as an indispensible agent for melanocyte growth. **Lipids upon further analysis showed glycosphingolipids and other polar and non-polar lipids, sphingolipids have been reported as an agent for adhesion, spreading and motility of skin cells, melanocytes.
All the estimations and analysis were performed according to the standard published methods. For examples, protein estimation by the Lowry method, carbohydrates by orcinol-H2SO4 method, sialic acid by TBA assay method, phosphorus by the Ames method, lipids by phosphovanillin-H2SO4 method etc.

Studies on pigmenting activity of the extract in animal model (a) Guinea pig model

20 drops of the extract was applied at the areola regions of male immature white guinea pigs (weight 205-250 gs) twice daily with 15 minutes duration in each application for at least 2 months without any intermission. The region of application was exposed to IR (230 V/150 W) for 15 minutes after each application from a distance of 45 cms. The result was quite promising with darkening of the area and hypertropy of the nipples as reported in the model experiment (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1953, 20: 385- 399).

The weight of the guinea pig used is very critical and at below 200 gms younger guinea pigs experiences tremendous alcoholic shock risking their survival even when 50-60% alcohol alone is applied topically. Approximate weight of guinea pig Recording of darkening effect (in gms) (in months) Extract from Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 Example 4 205 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.0 220 2.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 225 2.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 240 2.5 2.5 3.0 2.0 250 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.5

(b) Mouse model (C57/BL6):

A portion of the mouse body coat with brownish hair (this strain of mouse shows its coat colour fading from deep black to brownish grey on aging and adult mice with a brown coat colour are used as animal model for vitiligo) was removed by shaving and the clean shaved area was chosen for application of the extract. 15 drops of the extract was applied on the cleanly shaved areas with gentle rubbing. After the application, the mice were subjected to IR exposure as in the case of the guinea pig and the application was performed twice daily. Between 5 and 6 weeks clear dark black hairs/skin spots started to reappear while the peripheral hairs continued to show further fading of colour to lighter brown. No. of mice Region of application Recording of reappearance of black hair in the shaved region (in weeks) extract from Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 Example 4 4 Doral side 5 5 6 5 3 Lateral side 5 5 5 6

Advantages of the invention:

The preparation of the hydroalcoholic extract according to the process of the invention is very simple. The extract obtained is quite easy to apply on patients' skin, if desired. Both alcohol and placenta (a hospital waste) are adequately available raw materials. No special chemicals or apparatus is required to carry out the process. Since the process is very economical it is highly encouraging for commercial use. No special storage facility or transport requirements are necessary. It is easy to develop quality control parameters after identification of the active constituents by standard procedures. As it is a topical preparation, it will not have to go through crucial clinical trial procedures which are necessary for an oral or parental therapy.


Anspruch[de]
Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Extrakts aus menschlicher Plazenta, der Glycosphingolipide und endothelinartige Peptide enthält, zur Behandlung von Vitiligo, umfassend: (a) Zerkleinern der ganzen Plazenta in kleine Stücke; (b) Zerreiben des zerkleinerten Materials auf bekannte Weise mit Hilfe eines wässrigen alkoholischen Lösungsmittels; (c) Extrahieren des gesamten zerriebenen Materials durch stufenweise Erwärmung, zunächst für 20-40 Minuten auf 40-50 °C und dann für 5-15 Minuten auf 60-70 °C, unter Vermeidung direkter Wärmeeinwirkung; (d) Altern des zerriebenen und erwärmten Materials im Dunkeln bei Raumtemperatur und Minimierung der Luftexposition; (e) Filtern zur Beseitigung vergleichsweise größerer Rückstände/Gewebereste; (f) Einstellen der Konzentration des vorhandenen Lösungsmittels auf eine Stärke von nicht weniger als 40 Gew.-% und nicht mehr als 60 Gew.-% mit Hilfe von destilliertem Wasser; (g) weiteres Altern des Überstands durch Lagerung des Materials für 3-4 Tage im Dunkeln bei Raumtemperatur unter Minimierung der Luftexposition; (h) Filtern durch ein feineres Filtrierhilfsmittel wie Whatman-Filterpapier Nr. 1, gepackt mit Spänen; (i) Lagern des so gewonnenen Überstands für das Altem, damit sich die feineren Teilchen absetzen können, und (j) Zentrifugieren des daraus resultierenden Materials, bis ein klarer, strohfarbener Extrakt entsteht. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Zerreiben mit Hilfe von dehydratisiertem Alkohol, rektifiziertem Alkohol oder wässrigem Methanol oder Ethanol erfolgt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Zerreiben und Zerkleinern bei einer Temperatur im Bereich von 20-35°C durchgeführt werden. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Konzentration des für das Zerreiben verwendeten alkoholischen Lösungsmittels im Bereich von 85-100 Gew.-% liegt. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Altern während eines Zeitraums von 36-60 Stunden durchgeführt wird. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Filtern unter Verwendung eines bekannten Grobfiltersystems durchgeführt wird. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Filtrierschritte bei einer Temperatur im Bereich von 20-35°C durchgeführt werden. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es bei normalem atmosphärischem Druck durchgeführt wird. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Zentrifugieren gemäß Schritt (j) während 20-40 Minuten mit 10.000-14.000 min-1 bei einer Temperatur von 4-10°C durchgeführt wird. Extrakt aus menschlicher Plazenta, der Glycosphingolipide und endothelinartige Peptide enthält, herstellbar nach dem Verfahren gemäß einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche.
Anspruch[en]
A process for the preparation of an extract from human placenta containing glycosphingolipids and endothelin-like peptides useful for the treatment of vitiligo which comprises: (a) chopping the whole placenta into small pieces; (b) triturating the chopped material by known method using an aqueous alcohol solvent; (c) extracting the whole triturated material by heating in a phased manner, first at 40-50°C for 20-40 minutes and then at 60-70°C for 5-15 minutes, avoiding the application of direct heat; (d) aging the triturated and heated material in the dark at room temperature and minimizing exposure to air; (e) filtering to remove comparatively larger residues/tissue debris; (f) adjusting the concentration of the solvent present to the strength not less than 40% and not more than 60% by weight using distilled water; (g) aging the supernatant further by keeping the material for 3- 4 days in dark at room temperature minimizing exposure to air; (h) filtering through a finer filtering aid such as Whatman No.1 filter paper packed with its shavings; (i) keeping the supernatant thus obtained for aging to allow the finer particles to settle down and (j) centifuging the resultant material to give a clear straw coloured extract. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the trituration is effected using dehydrated alcohol, rectified spirit or aqueous methanol or ethanol. A process as claimed in claims 1 or 2 wherein the trituration and chopping is effected at a temperature in the range of 20-35°C. A process as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the concentration of the alcoholic solvent used for trituration ranges from 85-100% by weight. A process as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the aging is effected for a period ranging from 36-60 hrs. A process as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the filtration is performed using known coarse filtering system. A process as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the filtration steps are effected at a temperature in the range of 20-35°C. A process as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the process is effected at normal atmospheric pressure. A process as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the centrifuging in step (j) is effected at 10,000- 14,000 rpm for 20-40 minutes at a temperature of 4-10°C. An extract from human placenta, containing glycosphingolipids and endothelin-like peptides, obtainable by the process of any preceding claim.
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé pour la préparation d'un extrait de placenta humain contenant des glycosphingolipides et des constituants peptidiques du type endothéline utiles pour le traitement du vitiligo, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à : (a) hacher la totalité du placenta en tout petits morceaux ; (b) triturer la matière hachée selon un procédé connu en utilisant un solvant d'alcool aqueux ; (c) extraire la totalité de la matière triturée en chauffant selon une manière échelonnée, de 40° C à 50° C pendant 20 à 40 minutes tout d'abord, puis de 60° C à 70° C pendant 5 à 15 minutes, en évitant l'application de chaleur directe ; (d) laisser vieillir la matière triturée et chauffée dans le noir, à température ambiante, et minimiser l'exposition à l'air ; (e) filtrer pour éliminer les résidus/débris de tissu comparativement grands ; (f) ajuster la concentration du solvant présent à une teneur de pas moins de 40 % et de pas plus de 60 % en poids en utilisant de l'eau distillée ; (g) laisser encore vieillir le surnageant en conservant la matière pendant 3 à 4 jours dans le noir, à température ambiante, en minimisant l'exposition à l'air ; (h) filtrer à l'aide d'un moyen de filtrage plus fin comme, par exemple, un filtre papier Whatman N° 1 rempli de ses copeaux ; (i) conserver le surnageant ainsi obtenu et le laisser vieillir afin de permettre aux particules les plus fines de se déposer ; et (j) centrifuger la matière ainsi obtenue afin d'obtenir un extrait de couleur jaune paille clair. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la trituration est effectuée en utilisant de l'alcool déshydraté, de l'esprit de vin (alcool rectifié), ou bien du méthanol ou de l'éthanol en phase aqueuse. Procédé selon les revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel la trituration et le hachage sont effectués à une température se situant dans la plage de 20° C à 35° C. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la concentration du solvant alcoolisé utilisé pour la trituration se situe dans une plage de 85 % à 100 % en poids. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le vieillissement est effectué pendant une période allant de 36 à 60 heures. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la filtration est effectuée en utilisant un système de filtration grossier connu. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les étapes de filtration sont accomplies à une température se situant dans la plage de 20° C à 35° C. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le procédé est réalisé à la pression atmosphérique normale. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la centrifugation réalisée à l'étape (j) est effectuée à une vitesse de 10 000 tr/mn à 14 000 tr/mn pendant 20 à 40 minutes à une température de 4° C à 10° C. Extrait de placenta humain, contenant des glycosphingolipides et des constituants peptidiques du type endothéline, pouvant être obtenu par le biais du procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.






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