Dokumentenidentifikation EP1209697 13.04.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001209697
Titel Bleifreie PVC Polymermischung
Anmelder Servicios Condumex S.A. De C.V., Queretaro, MX
Erfinder Hjort Delgado, Arturo, C.P. 76120 Queretaro, QRO., MX;
Perez Sanchez, Alfonso, C.P. 76120 Queretaro, QRO., MX
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60116844
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 22.11.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 013098181
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 29.05.2002
EP date of grant 25.01.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 13.04.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse H01B 3/44(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse H01B 7/04(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   C08L 27/06(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   C08K 5/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   C08K 5/098(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   


The invention relates to a polyvinyl chloride formulation useful to insulate automotive primary cables, characterized in that it is lead free, abrasion resistant for use in insulation and sheathing of thin-walled minimum thickness automotive cables able to operate at working temperatures of 105°C.

Polyvinyl chloride, "PVC", is used extensively in electrical cables isolation and sheathing because it is economical and easily available, because of its mechanical properties, chemical and weather resistance as well as because of its dielectric properties.

However, in order to obtain some specially required characteristics, it is necessary to investigate new additives producing the desired effect.

With regard to the object of the instant invention PVC is always used in formulations through the addition of plasticizers to remove its natural stiffness and to give it flexibility as well as through the addition of other additives such as thermal stabilizers, lubricants, pigments, loads, impact modifiers as well as flame retardant agents that are added to the compound to obtain the PVC with the desired properties.

PVC itself is a thermally unstable polymer, with decomposition at a temperature of 150° C, releasing HCl, producing establishment sites in the polymer which causes the chain crosslinking and its eventual rupture resulting in the degradation of the polymer properties. As PVC decomposes, the resin changes color and becomes stiff and fragile.

To obtain the thermal stability necessary for its processing, PVC compounds always use stabilizers. The most common stabilizers are generally metals salts of organic or inorganic acids and phenols, organometallics, epoxy compounds and phosphites. In the case of compounds used for automotive primary cable insulation, Volkswagen 603 06 specification (December 1999 draft) mentions that the compounds used for thin-walled cable manufacturing should be lead free.

The automotive industry is and will be affected by the following factors:

  • a).- environment regulation forcing companies manufacturing automobiles to diminish the environmental impact of the vehicles both with regard to their emissions and their construction.
  • b).- increase in economy, safety, luxury and comfort offered by the current vehicles.

Said new requirements have forced vehicle manufacturers to carry out modifications and/or reductions both with regard to fuel consumption and the materials used in the manufacturing of the vehicles and their performance.

One of the modifications was reflected in automotive primary cables insulation through the elimination of the noxious materials found in the polymers, among them PVC, that have traditionally use lead because of electrical and cost advantages.

Besides, smaller vehicles have been designed and thus space in the different compartments has been reduced, providing less room for devices, among them for electrical connection harnesses for the connection and signaling of the equipment, said equipment being now more complex because of safety and luxury development in the car industry. For this reason, auto manufacturers have modified cable designs, diminishing the insulation wall thickness in order to reduce weight and diameter without lowering their mechanical resistant, offering thus an alternative for the numerical increase of the circuits currently required by automobiles.

Some isolated technologies are known which partially fulfill the characteristics required, either in the insulation composition or in the way the wires are manufactured or in the disposition of cable construction such as, for example:

US Patent 5,326,638, issued to Mottlne, Jr et al relates to the sheating of insulated communication cables with lead free PVC compositions and a metal antioxidant deactivator system in order to prevent the formation of calcium and zinc chloride affecting the electrical properties.

US Patent 5, 149, 917 issued to Sawada et al, protects conductors for automotive harness in which the conductors are compressed to reduce the total diameter of the cable, said cables are insulated with different vinyl chloride, crosslinked vinyl or cmsslinked polyethylene compositions.

US Patent 4.734,545 issued to Susuki et al, protects compressed conductors for automotive hamess insulated with thermoplastic polyurethane, providing abrasion strength.

The first above mentioned invention relates to a communication cable and the two other inventions relates to conductors used in the automotive industry that include polyurethane which promotes abrasion strength but is expensive.

Specification No. US-A-5,492,949 disclose a stabilised polyvinyl chloride using an inorganic or organic zinc compound, and a terminal epoxide, optionally with chalk.

Specification No. EP-A-0916,485 discloses a heavy metal free polyvinyl chloride compound formulation for insulating thin wall automotive primary cable.

Specification No. US-A-4,584,241 discloses the stabilisation of PVC bodies by the use of a complex ester of oleic acid and a diglycerol ester of oleic acid In conjunction with a cadmium-zinc composition.

Specification No. EP-A-O531,023 discloses a transmission medium covered with lead-free stabilised polyvinyl chloride.


According to this invention, there is provided use of tris (2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite as a chelating agent in a thin walled automotive cable having a lead free polyvinyl chloride insulation and sheathing composition, said insulation and sheathing composition comprising a blend of:

  • a) 60 to 100 parts by weight of a polyvinyl chloride resin;
  • b) 3 to 6 parts by weight of a zinc stabiliser;
  • c) 15 to 40 parts by weight of a 9 to 11 carbon atom linear co-ester type plasticizer;
  • d) 10 to 40 parts by weight of a 1 micrometer (1 micron) calcium carbonate load;
  • e) 3 to 6 parts by weight of a phenol type antioxidant; and
  • f) 1 to 4 parts by weight of an oxidised polyethylene type lubricant;

wherein the tris (2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite acts as a costabiliser to regenerate the stabiliser metal, thereby prolonging the stabilisation action of the stabiliser.

The object of the PVC formulation of the present invention is to offer some characteristics that automotive cables should present, such as:

  • Breaking tensile stress
  • Breaking elongation
  • Thermal resistance (oven aging)
  • Resistance to different automobile fluids to which the cables are exposed (oil, gasoline, brake liquids, etc).
  • Abrasion strength gage 0.35 mm2 = 200 cycles
  • Low temperature breaking strength
  • Flame resistance
  • Water-resistant during a long period of time

All the components constituting the formulation are quality materials certified according to the following:


    Homopolymer type PVC resin with "K" value = 70 corresponding to a medium molecular weight and viscosity resin, PVC Chemical Abstracts Registry No. 9002-86-2
  • b PALATINOL 119 P

    Co-ester linear phthalic plasticizer containing from 11 to 9 carbon atoms, according to Chemical Abstract Registry No. 111381-91-0
  • c IRGANOX 1076

    Antioxidant: Octadecyl-3,5-diterbutyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate, according to Chemical Abstract Registry No. 2082-79-3
  • d TERM CHECK 1890

    Zinc based stabilizer according to Ferro formula.

    Oxidized polyethylene homopolymer according to Chemical Abstract Registry No. 68441-17-8

    Micronized calcium carbonate with stearic cover according to Chemical Abstract No. 1317-65-3
  • g MARK 2112

    co-stabilizer and chelation phosphite according to Witco formula.

The polymer composition based on a PVC thermoplastic compound and/or on a mixture with other polymers fulfill the standard requirements of the European automobile industry such as Volkswagen 603.06 and BMW 600 14, with regard to the design of thin-walled cables and sheath, according to the following thicknesses:


Gage mm2 0.22 0.35 0.5 0.75 1.0 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 Wall thickness mm 0.20 0.22 0.26 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.32 0.38 0.38

Through these wall thicknesses and characteristics of PVC and/or mixture of other polymers, abrasion strength at 105° and thermal grade 105° according to DIN are obtained.

This thermal grade consists in submitting the cable to the operating temperature of 105° C during 3000 hours, at the end of such period of time, the cable is submitted to the flexibility test through winding around a mandrel and the cable must also maintain its flexibility at -40° C.

Throughout the elaboration of said composition, the use of lead stabilisers has been eliminated according to the following description:

  • Polymer composition in parts per weight
  • The compound includes polyvinyl chloride, from 60 to 100 parts; a zinc stabilising agent, from 3 to 6 parts;
  • A plasticizer of the linear co-ester type with 9 to 11 carbon atoms, from 15 to 40 parts;
  • A 1 micrometer (1 micron) calcium carbonate load, from 10 to 40 parts;
  • At least one phenol type antioxidant agent, from 3 to 6 parts;
  • And an oxidised polyethylene type lubricant compound, from 1 to 4 parts.

In order to obtain the 105° C operation temperature and flexibility at -40° C, the use of a linear co-ester plasticizer with 9 to 11 carbon atom is required in the design of branched type compound formulation such as TOTM (Triocytl trimellitate), TIOIM (Triisooctyl trimellitate), etc. However, because of their high molecular weight, said plasticizers have a leakage temperate of -20° C which limits their use in compounds where flexibility is required at lower temperatures. Besides, in order to obtain an operation temperature of 105° C and also a good electrical insulation both in dry environment and in water exposition at 85° C during a period of 30 days with lead free stabilizers, the most adequate stabilizer type has been found to meet the requirements of the specification.

Verwendung von (2,4-Di-tert-butylphenyl)-phosphit als Chelat-Bildner in einem dünnwandigen Automobil-Kabel mit einer bleifreien Polyvinylchlorid-Isolierung und einer Schaft-Zusammensetzung, wobei die Isolierung und die Schaft-Zusammensetzung eine Mischung aufweist aus: a) 60 bis 100 Gewichtsanteilen eines Polyvinylchlorid-Harzes; b) 3 bis 6 Gewichtsanteilen eines Zink-Stabilisators; c) 15 bis 40 Gewichtsanteilen eines linearen co-esterartigen Weichmachers mit 9 bis 11 Kohlenstoffatomen; d) 10 bis 40 Gewichtsanteilen einer 1-Mikrometer-Calciumcarbonat-Beladung; e) 3 bis 6 Gewichtsanteilen eines phenol-artigen Antioxidationsmittels; f) 1 bis 4 Gewichtsanteilen eines oxidierten polyethylenartigen Schmiermittels;

wobei das (2,4-Di-tert-butylphenyl)-phosphit als Co-Stabilisator wirkt, um das Stabilisator-Metall zu regenerieren, wodurch die Stabilisationswirkung des Stabilisators verlängert wird.
Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Schmiermittel ein oxidiertes Polyethylen-Homopolymer-Wachs ist. Verwendung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, welche 1 bis 3 Gewichtsanteile von dem Schmiermittel aufweist. Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Weichmacher ein linearer phthalischer C9-11-Co-Ester-Weichmacher ist. Verwendung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das es sich bei dem Antioxidationsmittel um Octadecyl-3,5-di(tert)-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamat handelt.
Use of tris (2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite as a chelating agent in a thin walled automotive cable having a lead free polyvinyl chloride insulation and sheathing composition, said insulation and sheathing composition comprising a blend of: a) 60 to 100 parts by weight of a polyvinyl chloride resin; b) 3 to 6 parts by weight of a zinc stabiliser; c) 15 to 40 parts by weight of a 9 to 11 carbon atom linear co-ester type plasticizer; d) 10 to 40 parts by weight of a 1 micrometer (1 micron) calcium carbonate load; e) 3 to 6 parts by weight of a phenol type antioxidant; and f) 1 to 4 parts by weight of an oxidised polyethylene type lubricant;

wherein the tris (2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite acts as a costabiliser to regenerate the stabiliser metal, thereby prolonging the stabilisation action of the stabiliser.
Use according to Claim 1 and characterised in that the lubricant is an oxidised polyethylene homopolymer wax. Use according to claims 1 or 2 comprising 1 to 3 parts by weight of the lubricant. Use according to Claim 1. 2 or 3 characterised in that the plasticizer is a linear C9-11 co-ester phthalic plasticizer. Use according to any preceding claim characterised in that the antioxidant is octadecyl 3, 5-di(terty-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate.
Utilisation du tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphényl)phosphite à titre d'agent chélateur dans un câble automobile à minces parois, ayant une composition de gainage et d'isolation en chlorure de polyvinyle sans plomb, ladite composition de gainage et d'isolation comprenant un mélange de : a) 60 à 100 parties en poids d'une résine de chlorure de polyvinyle ; b) 3 à 6 parties en poids d'un stabilisateur au zinc ; c) 15 à 40 parties en poids d'un plastifiant de type coester linéaire en 9 à 11 atomes de carbone ; d) 10 à 40 parties en poids d'une charge de carbonate de calcium de 1 micromètre (1 micron) ; e) 3 à 6 parties en poids d'un antioxydant de type phénol ; et f) 1 à 4 parties en poids d'un polyéthylène oxydé de type lubrifiant ; dans laquelle le tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphényl)phosphite agit comme costabilisateur pour régénérer le métal stabilisateur, permettant ainsi de prolonger l'action stabilisante du stabilisateur. Utilisation selon la revendication 1 et caractérisée en ce que le lubrifiant est une cire d'homopolymère de polyéthylène oxydé. Utilisation selon les revendications 1 ou 2, comprenant 1 à 3 parties en poids de lubrifiant. Utilisation selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, caractérisée en ce que le plastifiant est un coester linéaire en C9-11 d'acide phtalique. Utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'antioxydant est le 3,5-di(tert.)-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate d'octadécyle.

A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik



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