Dokumentenidentifikation EP1404249 04.05.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001404249
Anmelder Atanasov, Petar Tenchev, Chernomorec, BG
Erfinder Atanasov, Petar Tenchev, 8142 Chernomorec, BG
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60209727
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 11.07.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 027449537
WO-Anmeldetag 11.07.2002
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/BG02/00018
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0003005931
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 23.01.2003
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 07.04.2004
EP date of grant 08.03.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 04.05.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse A61D 17/00(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Technical scope

The following invention refers to a method for determination of suitable moment for insemination of lactating cows with implementation in the field of cattle breeding and especially in insemination of cows.

Preceding state of the technique

Certain methods are known for inspecting of the conditions and behaviour of the cattle especially lactating cows and the determination of their reproduction status.

According to RU 95 107 421 and RU 2 075 966 a method for predicting of cows' insemination is known, in which 0.02% phouracyline solution is implemented, added to boiling mixture of cervical secret and 4% sodium solution. The mixture is observed for 30-60 seconds and if a stable light-red, rose coloring is observed a conclusion of 100% insemination ability of the cow could be made.

A disadvantage of this well known method is the necessity continuous control, which must be held up to the suitable moment for insemination.

This complicates and forces tests to be fulfilled by qualified personnel, thus making the insemination procedure expensive.

According to US PAT 4 635 587 a method for determination of the beginning of the estrous of cattle, especially for cows, by implementation of apparatus, adhered to the base of the tail of the cow. Having in mind the common behavior of the other cows is to attempt mounting the cow in heat, right after the first mounting the position of the apparatus allow this event to be counted and memorized. During the next milking period and after observing the apparatus data and the time, passed after the cow's first mounting, the farmer must take the decision for the suitable moment for insemination of the cow, i. e. for all cows (US 4 635 587 - abstract and 4 column, sentence 6-26). This method suggests using apparatus, consisting of sensors and signal devices, which together with their position of use on the cattle, could be easily damaged. More, this method, according to US 4 635 587, offers the farmer or the cattle owner information, concerning only the time of beginning of the estrous.

Also US PAT 5 566 679 is known, where a method is offered for observing and controlling the reproduction status of the cattle, especially cows, by means of color detectors. By the means of one detecting path the beginning of the cows' estrous is indicated. The detecting path incorporates a base element of several chemical containing reservoirs, covered by suitable covering element. These base elements are pressure sensitive and after pressure application release chemical indicators, in one concrete case - chemiluminescent. The result is certain coloring. According to this known method the management scheme consists of selecting the appropriate color patch to match the reproductive status of the cow, for example:

  • a) a first color of path identifying a cow's status as being in the interval between parturition and first post-partum estrous cycle;
  • b) a second color of path identifying a cow's status being artificially inseminated and in the interval between first post-partum estrous cycle and the next estrous cycle;
  • c) a third color of path identifying the status after artificial insemination in the interval between first post-partum estrous cycle and showing the next estrous cycle after insemination, wherein the selective management choice is form the group consisting of re-insemination and therapeutic treatment; etc.

The detecting path with the specific indicators and colors is usually attached to the cow on the dorsal midline, at approximately tail head or between the pelvic bones. After that the cows are observed for discharging of the indicator substance in response of pressure, applied by a cow mounting a cow to which the patch is applied. In such cases this method, bases on the color difference, provides the farmer or the cattle owner possibility for insemination decision.

It is obvious, that the known methods, according to US 5 566 679 and US 4 635 587, - the one, using the implementation of color detectors and the one using electromechanical device, detect the mounting of a cow by another cow and based on this fact detect mostly the beginning or the estrous period of the cow, during which period an artificial insemination to be implemented.

US 5,873,323 discloses a method of determining, wether a cow is in heat by analysing the milk with a sensor during milking of the cow.

Summary of the invention

The main goal of this invention is to offer a method for determination of the suitable moment for insemination of lactating cows which should be simple and allowing the owner or farmer to do the insemination with 100% guaranteed result.

This goal is achieved by the method, according to which the cattle, especially lactating cows are observed and after the beginning of estrous or during this period the cow is artificially inseminated. The fact, that the insemination is done right after observation of spontaneous lactation is typical for this method, and the milking is done after the insemination.

The advantage of this method, according to the invention, is in the fact, that the determination of the most suitable moment for insemination of the cow is based on natural physical reactions of the cow's organism without implementation of special techniques. This simplifies the realization of the method and makes the procedure cheaper.

Another advantage is, that according to the invention this method allows the farmer or the owner to determine by specific biological sign - spontaneous lactation during estrous - the most suitable moment for insemination of the cow. This guarantees high percentage of successful inseminations and allows implementation of the method even by average skilled personnel.

The breeder or owner, according to this invention, fulfills the milking right after spontaneous lactation during estrus and insemination of lactating cows. During the phase of spontaneous milking the cows' milking is individual and spontaneous at biological 12 hour cycle.

Explanation of the figures included

  • Figure 1 - Scheme of the lactation after giving birth;
  • Figure 2 - Illustrates the lactation of cows in technical milking regime in 6 a. m. and 6 p. m.
  • Figure 3 - Illustrates the spontaneous lactation periods;
  • Figure 4 - Shows the the 6 hours passive period;
  • Figure 5 - Illustrated the cycle of cows with prolonged passive period;
  • Figure 6 - Overall scheme, illustrating simultaneously the different cycles and the passive periods;

Examples for using the invention

In conditions of good feeding and taking care of the lactating cows the udder will fill with milk approx. for avg. 12 hours, after that starting spontaneous lactation. When milking at this moment and using a proper milking technique, the lactation is at its maximum, the milking itself is easy and the milk quantity is maximal.

The lactation maximum comes 65 days after the giving birth date, as seen on Fig. 1, this is also the highest insemination ability.

With technological milking regime in 6 a. m. and 6 p. m. an estrus coming succession could be observed, with following minimums and maximums of lactation in every 12 hours (Fig. 2). The active phase (when the cow doesn't allow sexual contact) is between 1-st and 6-th hour after the beginning of estrus and the passive phase is between 6-th and 12-th hours of the estrus, when spontaneous lactation is observed.

The balancing is from 12-th to the 18-th hour. In this case the most suitable moment for insemination of the cow is the 12-th hour from the beginning of the estrus, when spontaneous lactation from the udder is observed.

If during morning or evening milking the cow doesn't give milk and the first symptoms of the passive phase are observed, than the maximum lactation should be observed after 6 hours. During this period the cow allows sexual contact (passive phase). The most suitable moment for insemination is the beginning of the spontaneous lactation, when the optimal probability for fertilazation is reached.

After the insemination individual milking (not in technical schedule) should be done, after that the cow doesn't allow sexual contact. This cycle is shown on Fig.3 where the passive phase is determined between 6 am and 12 am and 6 pm and 12 pm.

In case the cow shows symptoms of starting the passive phase (i.e. starting of spontaneous lactation) 6 hours after morning or evening milking, than the duration of the passive phase will be also 6 hours.

For example if the start of the passive phase is in 12 am. it will continue until 6 pm., meanwhile spontaneous milking is noted; the cow could be inseminated and milked individually. If the start of the passive phase is at 1 pm its end will be at 7 pm respectively, etc. (see Fig. 4).

In all cases the next milking is desirable to be after 12 hours. During this period of time up to the beginning of the spontaneous lactation the cow is not to be milked.

If despite the fact that the cow is milked the maximum milk quantity is not reached, the passive phase is prolonged for an undetermined period, the ovulation is slowed down and there is lower percentage of fertilazation respectively.

The shown above is for cows with synchronized estrus. But there are cows whose passive phase shows up immediately after the morning or evening milking and is prolonged from 7 to 15 hours. That's why for such cows the next spontaneous lactation could not be determined in advance, which imposes individual observation.

Part of the cows show spontaneous lactation symptoms 7-8 hours after the morning or evening milking when the udder is not filled with milk. These cases are shown on Fig. 5 and concern cows with misbalanced estrus synchronization.

The variety of the different cycles of passive phase of different cows is shown on Fig. 6, which is a summary schedule.

Ein Method fur die Bestimmung des richtigen Moments fuer Besamung der Laktkuhe, in dem die Kuh beobachtet wird, und gleich nach dem Beginn oder wahrend des Estrusen auf kuenstlicher Weise besamt wird, wird dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Besamung gleich nach dem Beginn der Spontanlaktation, waehrend des Estrusen durchgefuehrt wird und gleich danach wird die Kuh gemolken.
Method for determination of the suitable moment for insemination of lactating cows, in which the cow is observed and after beginning or during estrus is artificially inseminated, characterized in that the insemination is done right after beginning of spontaneous lactation during the estrus and after the insemination milking is done.
Méthode de détermination du moment opportun pour l'insémination de vaches laitières, qui consiste en ce que la vache est observée et après la fin ou durant l'oestrus est inséminée artificiellement, caractérisé par ce que l'insémination s'effectue juste après l'arrivée d'une lactation spontanée durant l'oestrus, et après l'insémination une traite se fait.

A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik



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