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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1113227 24.08.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001113227
Titel Schnellzündvorrichtung für Gaskochbrenner mit Magnetsicherheitsventil
Anmelder Whirlpool Corp., Benton Harbor, Mich., US
Erfinder Frasnetti, c/o Whirlpool Europe s.r.l., Luca, 21025 Comerio, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60029296
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 13.10.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 001224039
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 04.07.2001
EP date of grant 12.07.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 24.08.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse F24C 3/10(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse F23Q 3/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   F24C 3/12(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   F23N 5/10(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a device for obtaining rapid ignition of a gas burner of a cooking hob in accordance with the introduction to the main claim.

Gas cooking hobs are known to comprise a plurality of burners each fed by its own gas pipe. Each burner is controlled by a corresponding knob and is associated with a known spark generator (or igniter) controlled via the said knob or via an independent pushbutton. The gas pipe can be of valved type or non-valved type. This latter does not comprise any safety member for shutting off the gas flow to the burner. The valved pipe is instead provided with a small solenoid valve in series with the usual valve or cock operated by the knob.

If the flame is accidentally extinguished the solenoid valve in series with the cock closes to hence interrupt the escape of unburnt gas from the burner. In this manner a safety function is achieved on the cooking hob.

The operation of this solenoid valve is triggered by a thermocouple or similar member (immersed in the flame) acting as a voltage generator. When the flame is present the thermocouple generates a voltage sufficient to maintain the solenoid valve open, whereas when the flame disappears the voltage generated falls below the minimum necessary to maintain the solenoid valve open, so causing it to close and interrupt gas flow.

This latter solution is negatively influenced by the thermal inertia involved in heating the thermocouple. In this respect the voltage generated depends exclusively on the temperature of the thermocouple cold joint. This temperature is itself dependent on the thermal mass of the thermocouple and its housing. On accidental extinguishing, this thermal inertia shows as a delay in closing the solenoid valve after the disappearance of the flame. On ignition, this delay is much more apparent and results in lack of user satisfaction. In this respect, to ignite a burner having a solenoid valve in its feed pipe in which the corresponding knob activates the igniter, the user has to first press (applying a fairly large force) and rotate the knob controlling the gas cock and maintain it pressed for the time required to ignite the flame and then heat the thermocouple. If the knob is released before the thermocouple attains a temperature sufficient to maintain the solenoid valve in its open position, the flame goes out and the user has to again act in the aforesaid manner to attempt a second ignition.

The situation is further worsened by the fact that on the cooking hob there is nothing to indicate to the user when the thermocouple is sufficiently hot for the knob to be released, so that there is a high probability of its early release with consequent extinguishing of the flame. This means that involuntary extinguishing is one of the causes of widespread user dissatisfaction with currently available cooking hobs.

DE 1629918 discloses an ignition and safety device according to the preamble of claim 1. The device holds an actuated electromagnetic valve in the open position against a restoring force with a thermoelement heated by the burner flame that generates the induction current for the electromagnetic valve. An additional timer controlled external voltage circuit feeds the induction circuit for the time period required to the thermoelement starting operates. This known solution has drawbacks when the hostile working environment within the cooktop area is considered.

An object of the invention is to provide a device for obtaining rapid ignition of a cooking hob burner fed via a gas pipe provided with a solenoid valve or safety valve.

A particular object of the invention is to provide a device of the aforesaid type which enables the safety valve positioned in the gas pipe to be activated immediately on operation of the burner control knob by a user, by nullifying the waiting time for this activation related to the heating of the thermocouple associated with the burner. In this way the user is saved the annoying initial stage in burner activation in which said knob has to be kept pressed, and avoids the possibility of the user releasing the knob before the required time and causing the flame to go out, so that a second ignition has to be attempted.

These and further objects which will be apparent to an expert of the art are attained by a device in accordance with the accompanying claims.

The invention will be more apparent from the accompanying drawing, which is provided by way of non-limiting example and on which:

  • Figure 1 is a schematic view of a device of the invention;
  • Figure 2 is an example of a circuit diagram of the device.

With reference to Figures 1 and 2, these show (schematically in Figure 1 and structurally in Figure 2) a device according to the invention, indicated overall by 1. It is connected into a circuit arrangement comprising a power line 2 connected to an activation block 3 for usual igniters or spark generators (not shown) associated with a plurality of gas burners (also not shown) controlled in their activation by knobs (not shown, but of known type) positioned on the cooking hob. With each of these knobs there is associated a switch 4A, 4B, 4C, 4D connected via electrical lines 5, 6 (feed and return) to the block 3. On closure of any switch by operating a corresponding knob, the block 3 is activated in known manner to activate in known manner (and therefore not described) either all the spark generators or igniters or that particular igniter associated with that burner of which the corresponding knob has been operated, depending on the manner in which the cooking hob is formed.

From the block 3 there extends a further electrical line (neutral) 10 which together with the line 11 (phase) connected to the power line 5 provides the supply for a plurality of electrical transformers 13, 14, 15, 16 connected to relative rectifier circuit configurations (for example comprising diode bridges) 13A, 14A, 15A, 16A connected in parallel with corresponding solenoid valves 13B, 14B, 15B, 16B positioned in gas feed pipes (not shown) connected to the burners. In parallel with these solenoid valves there are connected thermocouples 13C, 14C, 15C, 16C "immersed" in the flame of the respective burner when activated.

In the (supply or phase) line 11 there is connected a switch means 20, for example a static switch such as a TRIAC or the like. The switch 20 is connected to and controlled by a timer 21 to which a powering member 22 is connected. This latter is connected to said lines 5 and 10 by electrical lines 23 and 24. The timer 21 is connected to the return line 6 by a line 25, said line 25 acting as a triggering line for the timer operation.

In this manner, by means of the said timer member (which can be electronic or mechanical) connected in parallel with the igniter activation block 3, a plurality of circuit members (for example diode bridges) can be powered, by which a supplementary electrical feed (taken from the electrical lines 5 and 11 connected to the block 3 powered by a fixed electric mains) can be supplied to the electrical member (winding) of each solenoid valve. In this manner, immediately and simultaneously with the activation of the block 3 (and hence of an igniter), by operating a control knob for a particular burner the solenoid valve positioned in the gas feed pipe connected to that burner will open and remain open until the thermocouple associated with said solenoid valve has heated sufficiently to independently maintain the electrical member of the corresponding solenoid valve powered.

In this respect, it will be assumed that the cooking hob with burners is to be used with the device 1. It will be assumed, for example, that the burner controlled by that knob operating on the switch 4A is to be used. Operating this knob closes the switch 4A, to power the block 3 in known manner, and activate for example the igniter positioned at said burner.

Simultaneously an electrical signal flows along the line 25 towards the timer 21, which becomes active as it is powered by the member 22 connected to the lines 5 and 10, in both of which an electrical signal is present. The timer 21 closes the switch 20 by acting on its gate 20A, so that an electrical signal flows along the line 11 to the transformers 13, 14, 15 and 16. These latter are hence powered to maintain the corresponding solenoid valves 13B, 14B, 15B and 16B open. As only one knob has been operated (corresponding to the switch 4A), only its corresponding usual valve connected to it (and positioned in the gas pipe directed to the corresponding burner) is opened. As this valve, as is well known, is present upstream of the solenoid valve 13B positioned in the same pipe, the gas in this latter is able to reach the already open solenoid valve 13B and through it reach the burner. All this occurs substantially immediately after operating said knob.

The timer 21 maintains the switch 20 active and closed for a few seconds, for example between 3 and 10 seconds and preferably between 5 and 7 seconds. During this period the solenoid valve 13B is powered independently of the action of the corresponding thermocouple 13C and is hence maintained open. The thermocouple becomes hot during this period, to be then able independently to power the solenoid valve 13B in known manner when the feed to the solenoid valve 13B via the transformer 13 terminates. At this point, that burner corresponding to the knob connected to the switch 4A can be maintained active in known manner (and without power from the now deactivated transformer 13.)

In a different embodiment, a microprocessor member is interposed between the switches 4A, 4B, 4C, 4D and the block 3. This member (not shown) is connected to the individual transformers and, on a timed basis, powers these and hence the individual solenoid valves (by virtue of its internal circuit of known type), depending on the knob setting and hence on the activated burner. In this manner only one solenoid valve is powered when a single corresponding knob is operated.

In a further embodiment, each solenoid valve can be connected to its own timed auxiliary voltage generator or to timed auxiliary powering means possibly connected to the fixed electric mains and activated by switches controlled by the knobs. Operating these latter activates the auxiliary generating means, to hence power the solenoid valves as already stated. However, these embodiments do not fall within the scope of the claims

The invention hence achieves substantial immediacy between the activation of a burner by operating a corresponding knob and the feed of gas to that burner, the gas feed being maintained without having to wait for the usual element (thermocouple) immersed in the burner flame to heat up and generate an electrical supply signal able to keep open the corresponding solenoid valve positioned in the respective gas pipe.

It should be noted that the transformers 13, 14, 15, 16, are provided with a protection fuse in the primary winding, the purpose of which is to interrupt power to the transformers 13, 14, 15, 16 if the timer means 21 or switch means 20 become locked in a position in which they continuously power said transformers.

The invention consequently facilitates use of the cooking hob and prevents the annoying flame extinguishing which occurs in known cooking hobs.


Anspruch[de]
Eine Vorrichtung (1) zum Erlangen einer schnellen Zündung eines Gasbrenners eines Kochfeldes, das über eines Gasleitung, die mit Magnetspulen-Sicherheitsventilen (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) bereitgestellt wird, gespeist wird, wobei mit dem Brenner ein Zünder und Knopf zum Steuern der Aktivierung verbunden sind, wobei die Magnetspulen-Ventile (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) mit Antreib-Mittel (13C, 14C, 15C, 16C), die in die durch den Brenner erzeugte Flamme eingetaucht sind, verbunden sind, um die Magnetspulen-Ventile in einer Arbeitsposition zu halten, die Gasspeisung zum Brenner gewährleistet, wobei die Magnetspulen-Ventile (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) mit zusätzlichen elektrischen Generator-Mitteln (13, 14, 15, 16) verbunden sind, wobei die Generator-Mittel (13, 14, 15, 16) für eine vorbestimmte Zeitperiode, die der Betätigung des Knopfes zum Aktivieren des verbundenen Brenners folgt, aktiviert werden, wobei die Generator-Mittel (13, 14, 15, 16) mit Zeitgeber-Mittel (21) verbunden sind, die die zeitbegrenzte Aktivierung ermöglichen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Generator-Mittel für jedes Magnetspulen-Ventil (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) einen elektrischen Transformator (13, 14, 15, 16), der mit einer entsprechenden Stromrichter-Schaltkreis-Konfiguration (13A, 14A, 15A, 16A), die parallel mit einem der Magnetspulen-Ventile (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) der Gasleitung des Brenners verbunden sind, verbunden sind. Eine Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Stromrichter-Schaltkreis-Konfiguration eine Diodenbrücke (13A, 14A, 15A, 16A) umfasst. Eine Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie in eine Schaltkreis-Anordnung eingebracht ist, die einen Schalter (4A, 4B, 4C, 4D) umfasst, der mit dem Knopf verbunden ist, der mit dem Brenner verbunden ist, wobei die Aktivierung des letzteren im Schließen des Schalters und Öffnen eines Ventilmitglieds resultiert, das in der Gasspeisungsleitung stromaufwärts des entsprechendem Magnetspulen-Ventils (13B; 14B, 15B, 16B) positioniert ist, wobei der Schalter über eine Speiseleitung (5) und eine Rücklaufleitung (6) mit einem Zündsteuerungsblock (3) verbunden ist, der an dem Brenner positioniert ist, wobei der Block (3) elektrische Energie von einem fixierten elektrischen Mittel empfängt, wobei eine elektrische Leitung (11), die Schaltmittel (20) enthält, mit der Speiseleitung (11) verbunden ist und zum Hilfsgeneratormittel (13, 14, 15, 16) geleitet wird, wobei das Letztere mit einer Rücklaufleitung (10) verbunden ist, die auch mit dem Block (3) verbunden ist, wobei die Schaltmittel (20) gesteuert werden durch zeitlich abgepasste Mittel (21), die mit der Rücklaufleitung (6) verbunden sind zwischen dem Schalter (4A, 4B, 4C, 4D) und dem Block (3) durch eine elektrische Leitung (25), wobei die Letztere als eine Aktivierungsleitung für die Zeitgeber-Mittel (21) fungiert, dabei für die Zeitgeber-Mittel (21) Leistungsbereitstellungs-Mittel (22) bereitgestellt wird, die mit der Speiseleitung (5) und der Rücklaufleitung (10) der Hilfsgeneratormittel (13, 14, 15, 16) verbunden ist. Eine Vorrichtung nach den vorangegangenen Ansprüchen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Transformatoren (13, 14, 15, 16) mit einer elektrischen Sicherung in der Hauptwicklung bereitgestellt werden, um die Energiezufuhr zu den Transformatoren (13, 14, 15, 16) zu unterbrechen, wenn die Zeitgeber-Mittel (21) oder Schalt-Mittel (20) in einer Position verriegelt werden, in der sie die Transformatoren kontinuierlich versorgen.
Anspruch[en]
A device (1) for obtaining rapid ignition of a gas burner of a cooking hob fed via a gas pipe provided witch solenoid safety valves (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B), with said burner there being associated an igniter and a knob for controlling its activation, the solenoid valves (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) being connected to powering means (13C, 14C, 15C, 16C) immersed in the flame generated by the burner to maintain the solenoid valves in a working position which ensures gas feed to the burner, said solenoid valves (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) being connected to supplementary electrical generator means (13, 14, 15, 16), said generator means (13, 14, 15, 16) being activated for a predetermined time period following operation of the knob for activating the corresponding burner, said generator means (13, 14, 15, 16) being connected to timer means (21) enabling said time-limited activation, characterised in that the generator means comprise for each solenoid valve (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B), an electrical transformer (13, 14, 15, 16) connected to a corresponding rectifier circuit configuration (13A, 14A, 15A, 16A) connected in parallel with one of said solenoid valves (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) in the burner gas feed pipe. A device as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that each rectifier circuit configuration comprises a diode bridge (13A, 14A, 15A, 16A). A device as claimed in claim 1, characterised by being inserted into a circuit arrangement comprising a switch (4A, 4B, 4C, 4D) connected to the knob corresponding to the burner, activation of this latter resulting in closure of said switch and opening of a valve member positioned in the gas feed pipe upstream of the corresponding solenoid valve (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B), said switch being connected via a feed line (5) and a return line (6) to an ignition control block (3) positioned at said burner, said block (3) receiving electrical power from a fixed electric mains, an electrical line (11) containing switch means (20) being connected to the feed line (11) and being directed to the auxiliary generator means (13, 14, 15, 16), these latter being connected to a return line (10) also connected to said block (3), said switch means (20) being controlled by timed means (21) connected to the return line (6) between the switch (4A, 4B, 4C, 4D) and the block (3) by an electrical line (25), this latter acting as the activation line for said timer means (21), there being provided for the timer means (21) power supply means (22) connected to said feed line (5) and to the return line (10) from the auxiliary generator means (13, 14, 15, 16). A device as claimed in the preceding claims, characterised in that the transformers (13, 14, 15, 16) are provided with a protection fuse in the primary winding to interrupt power supply to the transformers (13, 14, 15, 16) if the timer means (21) or switch means (20) become locked in a position in which they continuously power said transformers.
Anspruch[fr]
Dispositif (1) pour obtenir un allumage rapide d'un brûleur à gaz d'une plaque de cuisson alimenté par l'intermédiaire d'un tuyau à gaz équipé de soupapes de sécurité à solénoïde (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B), audit brûleur étant associés un allumeur et un bouton pour commander son activation, les soupapes à solénoïde (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) étant reliées à des moyens de commande d'alimentation (13C, 14C, 15C, 16C) plongés dans la flamme générée par le brûleur pour maintenir les soupapes à solénoïde dans une position de travail qui assure l'alimentation en gaz au brûleur, lesdites soupapes à solénoïde (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) étant reliées à des moyens de générateur électrique supplémentaires (13, 14, 15, 16), lesdits moyens de générateur (13, 14, 15, 16) étant activés pendant une période de temps prédéterminée suivant le fonctionnement du bouton pour activer le brûleur correspondant, lesdits moyens de générateur (13, 14, 15, 16) étant reliés à des moyens d'horloge (21) permettant ladite activation limitée dans le temps, caractérisée en ce que les moyens de générateur comprennent pour chaque soupape à solénoïde (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B), un transformateur électrique (13, 14, 15, 16) relié à une configuration de circuit redresseur correspondante (13A, 14A, 15A, 16A) reliée en parallèle à une des soupapes à solénoïde (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B) dans le tuyau d'alimentation en gaz du brûleur. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que chaque configuration de circuit redresseur comprend un pont de diode (13A, 14A, 15A, 16A). Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il est inséré dans un agencement de circuit comportant un commutateur (4A, 4B, 4C, 4D) relié au bouton correspondant au brûleur, l'activation de celui-ci ayant pour résultat la fermeture dudit commutateur et l'ouverture d'un élément de soupape placé dans un tuyau d'alimentation en gaz en amont de la soupape à solénoïde correspondante (13B, 14B, 15B, 16B), ledit commutateur étant relié par l'intermédiaire d'une ligne d'alimentation (5) et d'une ligne de retour (6) à un bloc de commande d'allumage (3) placé audit brûleur, ledit bloc (3) recevant une énergie électrique provenant d'un câble électrique fixe, une ligne électrique (11) contenant des moyens de commutateur (20) reliés par une ligne d'alimentation (11) et étant dirigés vers les moyens de générateur auxiliaire (13, 14, 15, 16), ces derniers étant reliés à une ligne de retour (10) également reliée audit bloc (3), lesdits moyens de commutateur (20) étant commandés par des moyens d'horloge (21) reliés par une ligne de retour (6) entre les commutateurs (4A, 4B, 4C, 4D) et le bloc (3) par une ligne électrique (25), cette dernière fonctionnant comme une ligne d'activation pour lesdits moyens d'horloge (21), des moyens d'alimentation électrique (22) reliés à ladite ligne d'alimentation (5) et à la ligne de retour (10) provenant des moyens de générateur auxiliaire (13, 14, 15, 16) étant prévus pour les moyens d'horloge (21). Dispositif selon l'une de revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que les transformateurs (13, 14, 15, 16) sont munis d'un fusible dans la bobine primaire pour interrompre l'alimentation électrique aux transformateurs (13, 14, 15, 16) si les moyens d'horloge (21) ou les moyens de commutateur (20) sont verrouillés dans une position dans laquelle ils alimentent continûment lesdits transformateurs.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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