This invention relates to a magneto electric generator
rotor used in an internal combustion engine spark plug and an implement for removing
Figs 4 and 5 show a broken down section of a small size
engine used in a conventional operating machine. In said figures numeral 1 is a
small size engine, 12 is a cylinder for said engine 1, and 13 is a conrod supporting
a piston that moves in this cylinder 12. Also, 14 is a crankshaft for eccentric
driving the end of said conrod 13, and 15 is a nut to fix rotor B attached to the
end of this crankshaft 14.
One side of said rotor B, that is on the opposite side
of an axial hole part through which the crankshaft 14 is inserted, secures a magnet
2 and forms a pole piece part P together with a magnetic pole 3, while the other
side is composed of an insert core 26 of a ferromagnetic material that becomes counterweight
part 4. Further, a cooling fan and the like is installed to this insert core 26
to form one body.
Numeral 6 is a non-magnetic material layer such as a synthetic
resin layer formed in a discoidal shape so as to cover said insert core 26.
On one hand 7 is a ratchet claw which is supported in a
freely revolving manner to an axle part 8 having a hole 8a as a cylinder part. Also,
as shown in Fig. 46, a male screw 10 is inserted through this axle part 8. and the
tip of this male screw 10 is screwed into and fixed to female screw 27 which has
been formed beforehand in said insert core 26.
Numeral 9 is a ratchet spring of which one end is fixed
to said axle part 8, and the other end is fixed to said ratchet claw 7 and this
gives a rotating force in one direction to the ratchet claw 7.
Also, a reel axle 29 is provided in one body so as to project
into an operating machine frame 28 opposite to said rotor B. A reel 16 having continuously
wound thereon a rope 17 is supported on this reel axle 29 in a freely rotating manner.
On to this reel 16 provided with an engagement part 30 which catches said ratchet
claw 7 and gives an rotating force to the reel 16.
A spiral spring 18 is installed in the periphery of said
reel axle 29 to apply to said reel 16 a rotating force around this reel axle 29.
31 is a washer fixed to the end of the reel axle 29 by a screw 32 and serves as
a protector to prevent the axle hole of the reel 16 from coming off of the reel
axle 29. Moreover, the reel axle 29, the reel 16, the rope 17, the spiral spring
18, the engagement part 30, the ratchet claw 7 and the like form a recoil starter.
Also, 19 is a coil unit formed a power generating coil,
ignition coil, ignition control circuit and the like in one body with thermosetting
or thermoplastic synthetic resin and is fixed to said cylinder 12 side.
20 is a plug cap connected to said coil unit 19 through
a cable 33. This plug cap 20 is connected to a plug 21 next to the cylinder 12.
28 is the operating machine frame housing an engine.
In a small size engine made of such a construction, the
reel 16 rotates by manually pulling the rope 17 wound on this reel 16, and the engagement
part 30 installed on said reel 16 catches on the ratchet claw 7 on rotor B which
has a magnet 2 buried in the insert core 26, and rotates rotor B.
In this way, because said rotor B is attached to the crankshaft
14 of the engine 1, the crankshaft 14 is driven to rotate by said rotor B and the
engine 1 is cranked up.
On one hand, at that time the magnetic flux of the magnet
2 attached to said rotor B interlinks with the coil unit 19 having an ignition control
circuit fixed to the cylinder 12 side of said engine 1. Said coil unit 16 will thus
generate a power output, and this power output will be supplied to the ignition
plug 2 through the cable 33 and the plug cap 20, and by this, the ignition plug
21 will generate a spark, ignite the gas mixture in the cylinder 12, and start up
the engine 1.
Further, the fixing of the ratchet claw 7 described previously
is done by screwing in the axle part 8 supporting it in a rotatable manner to the
insert core 26 of the male screw 10. For this reason the female screw 27 conforming
to the male screw 10 is machine tooled as aforementioned in the said rotor B.
On one hand, the rotor shown in Figs. 6 and 7 has been
proposed in the past as a rotor used in a magnetic power generating machine such
as the one described above. This rotor B1 is a rotor having a hole piece part 44
with a magnet 42 on one side and an insert core 41 as a counterweight part 45 on
the opposite side of an axial hole part 43 buried as an insert form within a synthetic
resin (not shown). This rotor B1 is described in, for example Japanese Utility Model
In this conventional rotor B1, the insert core 41 has been
made into an integrated unit with a rivet 47 riveting together layers of multiple
magnetic plates in multiple locations, and said axial hole part 43 is a straight
hole with the diameter being equal in the direction of the axle.
Also, of the three magnetic poles 46, 46a and 46b forming
the pole piece 44, said magnet 42 is inserted in an open hole 49 formed in the center
magnetic pole 46, and both ends of the magnet protrude outward towards the axial
fringe of each magnet pole 46, 46a and 46b.
In such insert core 41, the pole piece part 44 and the
counterweight part 45 are formed in one body, and because there is no need for assembly
work and machine tooling after die casting the advantage of a relatively low cost
An alternative magneto generator rotor is disclosed in
On one hand, in the past, when removing the rotor of a
magnetic power generator from the crankshaft 14 of an engine such as shown in Fig.
4, a pulley removing tool is used to remove the pulley attached to the rotary axle.
Fig. 8 shows such a conventional pulley removing tool and
a rotor B2 of a magnetic power generator removed therewith. In said drawing, 14
is the engine crankshaft, and this crankshaft 14 is provided with an axial hole
43 for rotor B2 having a magnet and counterweight and the like, and made in a virtually
circular form with a non-magnetic material.
Also, said rotor B2 is fixed to the crankshaft 14, so as
not to come off freely, with a nut 15 screwed on a male screw part 48 formed on
the crankshaft 14 end. Moreover, F is a multiple bladed cooling fan installed along
the circuit direction of one side of the rotor B2.
On one hand, 50 is a bolt attachment part on which a bolt
51 is screwed on at the center part; and to both ends are connected arms 52 and
53 through axle supports 54 and 55, and a disengagement claw 53a is installed on
the tip of the arm 53.
With this pulley removing tool, first the disengagement
claw 53a of each of said arm 53 ends is disengaged at the inner surface of the outer
circuit part of the rotor B2 that is pressed against the crankshaft 14 and the tip
of said bolt 15 is pressed against the tip of the crankshaft 14.
Further, the nut 15 is removed from the male screw part
48 before and after such operation, then said bolt 51 is screwed on the attachment
part 50. With this, the arms 52 and 53 will be subjected to an axial directed torque
due to the screwing on power and change the position of the supporting axles 54
and 55 to the center, and the rotor B2, which was being held by the disengaging
claw 53a, is removed in the axial direction from the crankshaft 14.
Fig. 9 shows a conventional rotor removal tool and a rotor
B2 of a magnetic power generator that is removed with said tool. In the drawing,
56 is multiple screw holes provided on the rotor B2 so as to pass through both sides
of said rotor.
Also, 57 is a male screw, whose tip can be screwed into
the screw hole 56. Said male screw 57 is screwed into a through hold 59 provided
in a plate 58 and the male screw 57 is prevented from passing through by a screw
On to said plate 58, a bolt 51 is screwed into its center
part and it is possible for the tip of the bolt to hit the tip of said crankshaft
According to this removal tool, the tip of the male screw
57 is screwed into said screw hole 56 in certain depth; then said bolt 51 is screwed
into the plate 58 until the tip of the bolt 51 hits the end of the crankshaft 14.
Then, while keeping said plate 58 in a position that is
parallel to the rotor B2, said bolt 51 is screwed in. By doing this, the power to
remove the rotor B2 from the crankshaft 14 is provided to the rotor through the
male screw 57 in the plate 58. For this reason the rotor B2 can be smoothly removed
from the crankshaft 14.
In the removal method for rotor B2 shown in Fig. 8, it
will be necessary to disengage the disengaging claw 53 along the outer surface of
the rotor B2. At present, when miniaturization of the magnetic power generator and
engine is being aimed at, it is difficult to keep the space required for such a
disengagement claw 53 on the peripheral of said rotor B2, and as a result such a
pulley removal tool cannot be practically used.
Also, in the removal method shown in Fig. 9, it is necessary
to apply an additional process of a screw hole 35 for the rotor obtained by molding
to the latter steps of processing, and the non-processing of the rotor B2 cannot
be realized which will invite a decrease in production efficiency and an increase
Tools for removing flywheels are disclosed in US 4299020
and US 2188074.
According to a first aspect of the present invention, there
is provided a magneto electric generator rotor comprising a rotor having a magnet,
magnet poles, a counterweight and molded with a non-magnetic material in approximately
disk shape, and an axial hole provided on said rotor being connected to a crankshaft
of an engine, where a removal part of a removal tool to remove said rotor from said
crankshaft can be inserted in said rotor and multiple perforations to be engaged
with the removal part are provided on said rotor; characterized in that each said
perforation consists of a perforation through which a rod-shaped extraction part,
which is a part of the removal tool, can pass, and two pin perforation holes, formed
as extensions of said perforation, through which an engagement pin, that extends
through and projects to either side of said extraction part, can pass, such that
the extraction part can be rotated after the engagement pin has passed through the
pin perforation holes to bring the engagement pin into engagement with the rotor.
With the magnetic power generator rotor of this invention
the extraction part of a removal tool for removing the rotary body from the crankshaft
may be inserted in the rotor and a multiple of perforations for removal purpose
whose peripheral part is engaged with this extraction part may be provided on the
rotor; and therefore it is possible to remove the rotor from the crankshaft by insertion
of said removal tool into the perforations followed by the operation of the peripheral
engagement and further by the extraction operation of the removal tool.
According to a second aspect of the present invention,
there is provided a magneto electric generator rotor removal tool comprising a plate
placed in opposition to the rotor of the magneto electric generator comprising an
axial hole and being connected to a crankshaft of an engine, a screw part of which
the tip is connected to the end of said crankshaft, several removal parts of which
one end is attached to said plate, and an engagement part formed on another end
of said removal parts which can be inserted in multiple perforations provided on
said rotor so as to engage with the peripheral part of said perforation for removal;
characterized in that the engagement part comprises a rod-shaped extraction part
which can pass through a perforation in the rotor, and an engagement pin, that extends
through and projects to either side of said extraction part, which can pass through
two pin perforation holes formed as extensions of said perforation, such that the
extraction part can be rotated after the engagement pin has passed through the pin
perforation holes to bring the engagement pin into engagement with the rotor.
By inserting the end part of said extraction part into
the perforations for removing the rotor and carrying out the rotation operation,
the engagement part of the extraction part hitches on to the periphery of the perforations
for removal and further applies a direct torque generated by the screwing in operation
of the part to the rotor and crankshaft through said engagement part so that the
rotor can be removed from the crankshaft.
In the accompanying drawings:-
- Fig. 1 is a front view showing a magnetic power generator rotor according to
an embodiment of this invention.
- Fig. 2 is a partially cut off sectional view showing a magnetic power generator
rotor removing tool according to one configuration for implementing this invention.
- Fig. 3 is a dismantled view of a principal part showing the relation between
the perforation for removal and the extraction part in Fig. 2.
- Fig. 4 is a sectional view showing a partially broken down conventional small
- Fig. 5 is a sectional view showing an enlargement of part of the rotor in Fig.
- Fig. 6 is a dismantled view showing an insert core in a conventional magnetic
power generator rotor.
- Fig. 7 is a longitudinal section view of the insert core shown in Fig. 6.
- Fig. 8 is a side view showing a conventional pulley removal tool.
- Fig. 9 is a side view showing a conventional rotor removal tool.
Fig. 1 shows a rotor B6 according to an embodiment of this
invention, which has an axial hole 132 at its center part for fitting with the engine
crankshaft. This axial hole 132 is formed in a tapered shape as needed.
Said rotor has in opposing positions (opposing positions
of 180 degrees to each other) a pole piece part (not shown in the drawing) consisting
of a magnet and magnetic poles and a counterweight (not shown in the drawing) with
the axial hole 132 between them.
Also, 133 is multiple locations of said rotor B6, and here
they are perforations for removal that have been formed in two places. These removal
perforations 133 consist of a perforation 133a through which a rod shape extraction
part that is part of the removal tool described later on can be passed through,
and two pin perforation holes 133b through which an engagement pin, that extends
through and projects to either side of said extraction part, can pass, are formed
as continuations of the through hole 133a. Moreover, 133c are cooling fans placed
apart at equal distances.
Fig. 2 shows said removal tool and the removal structure
for removing said rotor B6 from the crankshaft. In said drawing 135 is the crankshaft
fitted to said axial hole 132 of the rotor 131.
A nut 136 is fitted tightly on a male screw 135a at the
tip of the crankshaft 135, and the rotor B6 is fixed so that it will not easily
come off of crankshaft 135. Further, this nut 136 can be removed at the time of
the above mentioned removal operation.
Also, 137 is for example a disc shape plate comprising
a support for removal tool H, and at the center of this plate 137 is screwed in
a screw part 138 such as a bolt whose tip is in contact with the end part of said
crankshaft 135, and furthermore perforated holes 139 have been provided in a multiple
of locations on this plate 137.
140 is an extraction part of said removal tool H passed
through these perforated holes 139, and a head part 141 for blocking removal has
been provided at one end and at the other end an engagement pin 142 has been provided
as an engagement part.
Furthermore, the diameter of said other end part of the
removal part 140 is slightly smaller than the perforated hole 133a of the removal
perforation 133 shown in Fig. 1, and the engagement pin 142 has a length freely
enabling a through passage through said pin perforation hole 133b, and in the area
other than this pin perforation 133b, extends outside of the diameter of the perforation
Consequently, in a rotor removal tool H with such a structure,
when removing a rotor B6 from a crankshaft 135, said other end of each removal part
140 is first inserted in the A direction of the arrow in removal perforation 133
as shown in Fig. 3.
This insertion is accomplished by inserting the extraction
part 140 itself into the perforation 133a and the engagement pin 142 into perforations
133b of said removal perforations 133.
Next, after insertion, each removal part 140 per se is
rotated at for example 90 degrees in the B direction of the arrow at said perforation
13. As a result, each engagement pin 14 reaches the perforation 133a area behind
the rotor B6, and when said screw part 138 is screwed into the plate 137 under such
condition, the engagement pin 142 will come in contact with the rear surface of
the rotor B6 in the perforation area 133a.
Also, with the screwing in of this screw part 138, after
the tip hits the end surface of said crankshaft 135, the plate 137 will move in
the opposite direction (mid-right side in Fig. 2) to the crankshaft 135.
For this reason, the engagement pin 142 at the end of said
extraction part 140 that is blocked on the plate 137 is turned in the extraction
direction (mid-right side of Fig. 2) from the rear side of the rotor B6, and this
rotor B6 is subject to a strong pulling torque and is smoothly removed from the
It will thus be seen that the present invention, at least
in its preferred forms, provides a magnetic power generator rotor that enables removal
from a crankshaft very easily and reliably with a removal tool, without subjecting
to an additional process such as providing a screw hole or the like; and furthermore
provides a magnetic power generator rotor removal tool that enables the removal
of a rotor from a crankshaft in a simple operation and manipulation, even without
having sufficient work space in the periphery of the rotor; and furthermore provides
a magnetic power generator rotor removal tool that enables the removal of a rotor
from a crankshaft with a simple disengaging operation for a removal perforation
of a removal part.