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Effiziente Mehrkanalfilterung für CDMA-Modems - Dokument EP1337040
 
PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1337040 14.09.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001337040
Titel Effiziente Mehrkanalfilterung für CDMA-Modems
Anmelder InterDigital Technology Corp., Wilmington, Del., US
Erfinder Regis, Robert T., NY 11743, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69736444
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 24.06.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 030097786
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 20.08.2003
EP date of grant 02.08.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 14.09.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse H03H 17/02(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse H04B 7/26(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

This application is being filed concurrently with an application entitled Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) Communication System Published as US-A-5 799 010.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field Of The Invention

The present invention relates generally to digital filtering techniques for code division multiple access telecommunication. More specifically, the invention relates to a high-speed, multichannel, finite impulse response filter architecture which obviates multipliers throughout the filter structure.

Description Of The Related Art

Communications technology today includes the use of spread spectrum modulation or CDMA (code division multiple access) for point-to-multipoint telecommunications. CDMA has long been used in military applications due to the difficulty to detect and jam the transmission. This attribute is due to a wireless communication technique that uses a transmission bandwidth much greater than the information bandwidth of a given user. All users communicate with each other or a common receiver over the same bandwidth and are identified by a particular code. Multiple access is provided through the sharing of a large common bandwidth thereby increasing overall system performance.

High tolerance to intentional or unintentional interference and the ability to communicate with a large population of users in a common geographical area make CDMA communication techniques attractive for commercial applications. Since each user in a CDMA communication system transmits and receives data or communication signals over the same frequency bandwidth, guard band requirements are lessened and the capacity of the communication system increases.

Each communication channel within the communication system typically uses DSP (digital signal processing) hardware and software to filter, weight, and combine each signal prior to transmission. The weighting, filtering and combining of multiple signal channels is performed in the transmit circuitry of a CDMA communication system base station.

Prior art CDMA modems require many multipliers and binary adders for channel weighting and combining. The filter operation used is equivalent to that of a FIR (finite impulse response or transversal) structure. Each individual FIR filter used also requires many multipliers and adders.

A multiplier implemented in digital form is inefficient and expensive. The expense is directly related to logic gate count. Binary adders are less costly than binary multipliers, however, their use should be minimized. To implement a design using binary multiplication and addition into an ASIC (application specific integrated circuit) would be expensive to manufacture and would result in a more inefficient and slower signal throughput.

One disadvantage of FIR filters is the computational complexity required for each output sample. For example, for each output sample, N multiply-accumulate (MAC) operations need to be performed. To those knowledgeable in the state of the art, disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,811,262 (White), U.S. Patent No. 4,862,402 (Shaw et al.), U.S. Patent No. 5,117,385 (Gee) and European Patent Application Publication No. 0372350A2 are digital filter structures obviating multipliers. The referenced patents disclose a reduction or elimination of multipliers in digital FIR filters by storing the weighting coefficients in memory. However, neither referenced filter structure, or the prior art has been optimized for multichannel operation.

The disadvantage with prior art CDMA modems is the ability to weight, filter, and combine a plurality of single bit valued signal channels efficiently and accurately. When a multiplicity of signal processing channels are involved, the consistency between channels becomes important and the cost of hardware per channel escalates.

In a CDMA communication system, it is necessary to use the minimum amount of power to achieve the minimum required BER (bit error rate) for maximum user capacity. Since CDMA communication systems allocate the same transmission bandwidth to all users, controlling the transmitted power of each user to the minimum required to maintain a given signal-to-noise ratio is paramount. Since each user employs a wide band signal occupying the entire frequency bandwidth for a finite duration, each user contributes to the overall background noise that effects all users. Therefore, the lack of power control will increase user-to-user interference.

Each channel must have appropriate individual weights applied so that the same relative amplitudes are transmitted. After the weighting operation, each data stream is represented by multibit values. These are typically summed together in a large digital summing circuit that consists of a tree of numerous two input adders.

The weighted and summed digital values are then filtered in a conventional FIR filter. The multipliers in the FIR process the multibit data and weighting coefficients to the desired precision.

A multichannel filter for a CDMA modem constructed according to the teachings of the prior art would require separate FIR integrated circuits rather than total integration onto an economical ASIC.

Accordingly, there exists a need for a multichannel CDMA modem FIR filter architecture which uses weighting coefficients, either fixed or variable through adaptation, operating with the accuracy and speed of multiplierless filters.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides an apparatus for filtering CDMA signals according to claim 1 and the dependent claims.

The efficient, multichannel filter for CDMA modems of the present invention allows multiple channels consisting of serial, digital bit streams to be filtered by digital signal processing techniques performing sample weighting and summing functions. Each individual channel may have custom weighting coefficients or weighting coefficients common for all channels. If the weighting coefficients are by adaption, the same approach may be taken.

The multichannel FIR filter presented is implemented with no multipliers and a reduction in the number of adders. To increase the speed of operation, the filter structure utilizes LUTs (look-up tables) storing the weighting coefficients. The invention can be constructed either as a FPGA (field programmable gate array) or an ASIC. The use of LUTs save significant chip resources and manufacturing costs.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an efficient CDMA FIR filter structure for multichannel applications.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a multichannel FIR filter structure of reduced complexity and increased performance.

If is a further object of the invention to provide a multiplierless, multichannel FIR filter.

Other objects and advantages of the system and method will become apparent to those skilled in the art after reading the detailed description of the preferred embodiment.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Figure 1 is a block diagram of a typical, prior art, single input FIR filter.
  • Figure 2 is a block diagram of a typical, prior art, single input FIR filter structure.
  • Figure 3 is a block diagram of an alternative implementation of a prior art, single input FIR filter structure.
  • Figure 4A is a block diagram of a single channel of a multichannel FIR filter.
  • Figure 4B is a detailed block diagram of a multichannel FIR filter.
  • Figure 5 is a block diagram showing a first refinement.
  • Figure 6 is a block diagram showing a second refinement.
  • Figure 7 is a block diagram of the multichannel processing element.
  • Figure 8A is a global block diagram of a LUT table.
  • Figure 8B is a detailed block diagram showing the multichannel LUT input of the present invention.
  • Figure 9 is a detailed block diagram of the preferred embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

A multichannel FIR filter for CDMA modems is described with reference to the drawing figures where like numerals represent like elements throughout. Such modems are used in multichannel wireless communication stations in conjunction with the transmission and reception of communication signals.

By way of background, many systems have the property of having their outputs at a given instant of time depend not only on the input at the time, but on the entire, or immediate history of the input. Such systems are said to have memory, averaging past and present samples in arriving at an output. It is necessary to separate systems with memory into the classes of discrete and continuous systems. A discrete system is one whose inputs and outputs are sequences of numerical values rather than continuous functions of time.

A sequence of discrete values can be represented as x k , where the value x is a quantity such as voltage. The subscript k represents the sequence number. Very often in digital signal processing, x k represents a sampled waveform or signal where the subscript specifies the point in time at which the sample was taken. However, the subscript can represent an alternative meaning such as distance in a spatially sampled application. For a system to be physically realizable, the output must depend only on the present and past history of the input. No real system can have an output that depends on the future of the input. The dependence of the output of any physically realizable system on the input is indicated by y k = f ( x k , x k 1 , x k 2 , , x k n ) ,

where the input variables are x k , the output variable is y k , and f(*) is any arbitrary function of n+1 variables. Although this function is too broadly defined to be analyzed in general, the subset of linear operations becomes very useful for a plurality of signal processing applications. These functions also prove to be much more tractable in analysis.

If the output depends on the previous n samples of the input (a system having a finite memory) in a linear fashion, Equation (1) can be written as y k = j = 0 N a j x k j + b .

Such a linear system is characterized by the N+1 weighting variables a j , and by the bias b. An unbiased, discrete linear system is characterized by the weighting variables (a 0 , a 1 , ..., a n ). If the input x k is a delta function (unity for one sample and zero for all others), it can be seen that the output of Equation (2) is the sequence of weighting variables a 0 , a 1 , ..., a n . Therefore, the response to the input completely characterizes an unbiased, linear system.

There are certain types of linear systems with memory that can be analyzed using linear techniques. Even though digital signal processing is discrete by nature, if the input is samples of a continuous input and is sampled sufficiently fast, it is possible to simulate a continuous system using the samples as the input variables. The output then appears as a linear system with a long memory. One such system is a FIR filter 20. A fixed coefficient FIR filter is characterized by the input/output equation y k = j = 0 N 1 c i x k j , as shown in Figure 1, or expanded as y k = c 0 x k + c 1 x k 1 + + c k 1 x k ( N 1 ) , where the FIR filter has an impulse response c 0 , c 1 , .., x k represents the discrete input signal samples at time k, c i are the filter coefficient weights, N are the number of taps, and y k represents the output at time k. As shown in Figure 1, the block diagram forms a tapped delay line with the coefficients being known as tap weights.

Digital filters are presently a common requirement for digital signal processing systems. In the field of discrete systems, the most popular type of digital filter using convolution is the FIR. FIR filters have two advantages. The first is that FIR filters are inherently stable. The finite length of the impulse response guarantees that the output will go to zero within N samples. The second advantage is that FIR filters can be designed and implemented. The FIR filter 20 can be physically realized by using digital shift registers 22, multipliers 24 and summers 26 as shown in Figure 2. The discrete signals 28 are shifted into registers 22 by a sampling clock pulse 30. The registers 22 hold past values 32 of the sampled signal 28 as well as present values 34 required for mathematical convolution. The past 32 and present 34 values are multiplied 24 by filter weighting coefficients 36, summed 26 and then output 38.

Another way of representing a FIR filter structure 20 is shown in Figure 3. The operation described can be shown to be the equivalent of Figure 2 since A = c 3 x k 1 , B = c 3 x k 1 + c 2 x k , C = c 3 x k 2 + c 2 x k 1 , resulting in D = y k = c 3 x k 3 + c 2 x k 2 + c 1 x k 1 + c 0 x k = j = 0 3 c j x k j = c k x k .

As can be seen in Figures 2 and 3 the weighting 36 of the discrete input samples 28 relies upon many multipliers 24.

A single channel of a multichannel FIR filter 40 for CDMA modems is shown in simplified form in Figure 4A. The multichannel FIR filter 40 is shown as a single element with a multichannel input sequence x (i)k entering the filter 40 and the filtered result y (i)k exiting. The subscript "i" identifies which channel from a plurality channels is being filtered.

The multiple single bit data/signal streams represent serial data streams that have been modulated with a pseudo noise (PN) code sequence. Each channel could represent user traffic channels at various data rates. Various types of signaling data might comprise other channels.

A typical example of an ISDN (integrated service digital network) CDMA modem would require five channels. Two channels would be 64 kbps traffic channels (B1 and B2), a 16 kbps auxiliary signaling and packet channel (D), an order wire channel (OW), and a reverse automatic power control channel (APC).

For maximum user capacity in a CDMA system it is necessary to use the minimum amount of power to achieve the required BER. Each channel must have the appropriate individual weight applied so that the correct relative amplitudes are transmitted. After the weighting operation the individual data streams become multibit values. The data streams are summed together in a large digital summing circuit that consists of a tree of numerous two input adders.

The weighted and summed digital values are then filtered in a conventional FIR filter. The FIR filter is required to pulse shape the input waveforms while suppressing out-of-band emissions. The multipliers in the FIR must handle the multibit data and coefficients to the desired precision.

In Figure 4B, four signal channels are input individually into separate FIR filters 20 (the clock signal has been omitted for clarity). The individually filtered signals are then weighted using multipliers 24 with a channel specific weighting coefficient 37 w (i) for power control (equalizing the power or gain between individual channels) before being input to a multichannel summer 46. Since all users occupy the same frequency spectrum and time allocation in spread spectrum communication systems, it is desired that each user is received with the same power level. The result, y (i)k 44, is a weighted sum of the individually FIR filtered multiple signal channels.

A CDMA transmitter combines many channels of varying types of digital signals (serial digital voice, power control, ISDN data). Typically, each channel is modulated with a different spreading code. The spreading code allows a CDMA receiver to recover the combined signals by use of the proper code during demodulation. Alternatively, any set of orthogonal functions could be combined with the preferred embodiment and later separated by correlation. The output 44 of the multichannel FIR filter 40 is a weighted and filtered average. Although each channel has been described as a single bit valued serial data stream, multi-bit values or levels may be processed with the identical multichannel filter structure.

Referencing Figure 5, the multichannel FIR filter 40 is shown using four tap FIR filters 48. The weighting of the discrete samples is performed by conventional multipliers 24. Each FIR structure is comprised of shift registers 22 and summers 26 for past 32 and present 34 sampled signals. Each tap weight coefficient 36 is multiplied by the respective channel power control weighting factor 37. The result is the same as shown in Figure 4B, but with the external multipliers inside the FIR 48 structures.

Hardware reduction is accomplished by sharing FIR registers and adders as shown in Figure 6. Each multichannel processing element 52 performs part of the channel weighting 37, the FIR tap coefficient 36 multiply 24, and the summing 26 of the multiple channels for that tap. The partitioning of the discrete functions reveals the preferred embodiment.

Figure 7 shows the multichannel processing element 52 as a processing block with "N" single bit input signals x (0)k , x (1)k , ..., x(N-1)k. The computed output z k 54 contains "W" bits of resolution. The discrete input signals 28 form a vector. This vector can be assigned an overall value by weighting each bit with an increasing power of two. In the alternative, the multichannel signal bits are treated as a binary valued word. The output of the processing block is a "W" bit wide function of the N bit binary input argument. The block performs the equivalent logical function of a memory device where the input signal bits form an address and the computed values are contents of the selected memory word. A memory LUT 56 can perform an arbitrary function quickly and efficiently as shown in Figure 8A.

A mathematical function f of an argument x with a result of y is expressed as y=f(x). The function performs a mapping of all values of x into another space of y values. A LUT performs this mapping for the values of interest in the preferred embodiment. The LUT memory device is presented with an address of a location within the memory circuit. The value previously stored at that location is delivered to the memory output data bus. The values of interest of x, which are discrete, are mapped into a binary number. Since the multichannel signals are represented by zero or one logic levels, they are used as bits to form a binary number. Every possible combination of channel values is therefore assigned a state number. This operation is represented as A = j = 0 M 1 x j 2 j = x M 1 2 M 1 + x 3 2 3 + x 2 2 2 + x 1 2 1 + x 0 2 0 = x M 1 2 M 1 + x 3 8 + x 2 4 + x 1 2 + x 0 .

Each state is a binary number that references an address in the LUT. The output value from the LUT is the precomputed value of the function resultant that would occur given the argument corresponding to that address. This is illustrated as a tabular representation of the LUT contents. The function to be performed is the weighted sum of the multiple channels for a given single tap of the FIR structure.

For example, in an application using 4 channels (M=4), the LUT contents located at the 2nd tap of the multichannel FIR (j=2) would be as shown in Table 1. Table 1 Values of x x 3 , x 2 , x 1 , x 0 Address Computation of A LUT Value Stored At Location A 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1=1 w 0 c 2 0 0 1 0 2=2 w 1 c 2 0 0 1 1 2+1=3 w 1 c 2 + w 0 c 2 0 1 0 0 4=4 w 2 c 2 0 1 0 1 4+1=5 w 2 c 2 + w 0 c 2 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 1 0 1 8+4+1=13 w 3 c 2 + w 2 c 2 + w 0 c 2 1 1 1 0 8+4+2=14 w 3 c 2 + w 2 c 2 + w 1 c 2 1 1 1 1 8+4+2+1=15 w 3 c 2 + w 2 c 2 + w 1 c 2 + w 0 c 2

The LUT 56 memory words contain precomputed values corresponding to the current input address value as shown in Figure 8B. The memory can be implemented in either ROM or RAM, depending upon the application.

In the preferred embodiment, ROM (read only memory) is used to store permanent LUT values. This is implemented efficiently as an integrated circuit. ROM is appropriate for time invariant systems where the required channel weights and filter coefficients are known a priori. RAM (random access memory) allows new values to be written over old. LUT values can be computed and loaded to achieve adaptivity. RAM is not as space efficient as ROM but is still efficient considering the increased flexibility.

The preferred embodiment of the multichannel FIR filter 40 for CDMA modems according to the present invention is shown in Figure 9. The filter structure uses LUTs 56 rather than the inefficient multichannel processing elements 52 which require a plurality of multipliers 24 and summers 26.

The signal bits form the address word which is applied to the LUT 56. There is a LUT 56 for each filter tap required. The contents of each LUT 56 is computed L j ( D N , D N 1 , D 2 , D 1 ) = C j i = 1 N D i W i .

As shown, any combination of signal values has its weighted sum precomputed. The multiplication of each tap coefficient of the FIR function is included in the precomputed table.

The weighted and filtered single channel operation of Figure 4A with a N tap FIR can be expressed as y ( i ) k = w i j = 0 N 1 c ( i ) j x ( i ) k j = w i [ c ( i ) j x ( i ) j ] .

An M channel multichannel version of this is shown in Figure 4B and can be expressed as y ( i ) k = i = 0 M 1 y ( i ) k = i = 0 M 1 ( w i i = 0 M 1 c ( i ) j x ( i ) k j ) , y ( i ) k = i = 0 M 1 w i [ c ( i ) j x ( i ) j ] .

This is the desired weighted sum of convolutions or FIR filtering operations. The convolution is performed in FIR filters 20, the weighting in multipliers 24 and the summation in adders 46. The convolution achieved is identical to that originally presented in Equation 3. The summation and weights are a result of the extension to a multichannel process.

The preferred embodiment shows an improved filter for multichannel CDMA FIR filtering modem applications. It has been shown that the signal processing operation over multiple channels, as shown in Figure 4, can be implemented using no multipliers and a reduced number of adders.

While specific embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, many modifications and variations could be made by one skilled in the art.


Anspruch[de]
Vorrichtung (40) zum Filtern von CDMA-Signalen, folgendes umfassend: mehrere Eingänge (28), wobei jeder Eingang einen spezifischen CDMA-Signalkanal empfängt; einen ersten und einen zweiten Speicher (LUT0, LUT1), die mit jedem der Eingänge gekoppelt sind, wobei jeder dieser Speicher die CDMA-Signalkanäle empfängt und diese einer Gewichtungsfunktion unterzieht; ein mit dem ersten Speicher (LUT0) gekoppeltes erstes Speicherregister (22), das vom ersten Speicher (LUT0) empfangene Mehrbitwerte speichert; einen mit dem ersten Speicherregister (22) und dem zweiten Speicher (LUT1) gekoppelten ersten Summierer (26), der vom ersten Speicherregister (22) und vom zweiten Speicher (LUT1) empfangene Ausgangssignale kombiniert; und ein mit dem ersten Summierer (26) gekoppeltes zweites Speicherregister (22), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das zweite Speicherregister (22) aus den Signalkanälen abgeleitete gefilterte Signale speichert und ausgibt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, weiterhin umfassend: einen mit jedem der Eingänge gekoppelten dritten Speicher (LUT2); einen mit dem dritten Speicher (LUT2) und dem zweiten Speicherregister (22) gekoppelten zweiten Summierer (26); und ein mit dem zweiten Summierer (26) gekoppeltes drittes Speicherregister (22), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das dritte Speicherregister (22) aus den Signalkanälen abgeleitete gefilterte Signale speichert und ausgibt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, weiterhin umfassend: einen mit jedem der Eingänge gekoppelten vierten Speicher (LUT3); und einen mit dem vierten Speicher (LUT3) und dem dritten Speicherregister (22) gekoppelten dritten Summierer (26), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der dritte Summierer aus den Signalkanälen abgeleitete gefilterte Signale speichert und ausgibt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung ein feldprogrammierbarer Gate Array ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung eine anwendungsspezifische integrierte Schaltung ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung ein digitales Mehrkanalfilter ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung ein Filter mit endlich langer Impulsantwort ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung ein CDMA-Modem ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder der Speicher (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) ein Direktzugriffsspeicher (RAM) ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder der Speicher (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) ein Festspeicher (ROM) ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in jedem der Speicher (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) eine zur Durchführung der Gewichtungsfunktion verwendete Tabelle gespeichert ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Tabelle eine vorbestimmte gewichtete Summe der Signalkanäle für jede über die Signalkanäle empfangene mögliche Kombination von Eingängen enthält.
Anspruch[en]
An apparatus (40) for filtering CDMA signals the apparatus comprising: a plurality of inputs (28), each input receiving a specific CDMA signal channel; first and second memories (LUT0, LUT1) coupled to each of the inputs, each of the memories receiving the CDMA signal channels and performing a weighting function thereof; a first storage register (22) coupled to the first memory (LUT0), the first storage register (22) storing multibit values received from the first memory (LUT0); a first summer (26) coupled to the first storage register (22) and the second memory (LUT1), the first summer (26) combining output signals received from the first storage register (22) and the second memory (LUT1); and a second storage register (22) coupled to the first summer (26), wherein the second storage register (22) stores and outputs filtered signals derived from the signal channels. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising: a third memory (LUT2) coupled to each of the inputs; a second summer (26) coupled to the third memory (LUT2) and the second storage register (22); and a third storage register (22) coupled to the second summer (26), wherein the third storage register (22) stores and outputs filtered signals derived from the signal channels. The apparatus of claim 2, further comprising: a fourth memory (LUT3) coupled to each of the inputs; and a third summer (26) coupled to the fourth memory (LUT3) and the third storage register (22), wherein the third summer stores and outputs filtered signals derived from the signal channels. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the apparatus is a field programmable gate array. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the apparatus is an application specific integrated circuit. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the apparatus is a multichannel digital filter. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the apparatus is a finite impulse response filter. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the apparatus is a CDMA modem. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein each of the memories (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) is a random access memory. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein each of the memories (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) is a read only memory. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein each of the memories (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) has a table stored therein which is used to perform the weighting function. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the table includes a predetermined weighted sum of the signal channels for every possible combination of inputs received via the signal channels.
Anspruch[fr]
Appareil (40) destiné à filtrer les signaux d'accès multiple par division de code (CDMA), ledit appareil comprenant : une pluralité d'entrée (28), chaque entrée recevant une voie de signal CDMA spécifique ; une première et une deuxième mémoires (LUT0, LUT1) couplées à chacune des entrées, chacune des mémoires recevant les voies de signal CDMA et exécutant une fonction de pondération de ces dernières ; un premier registre de stockage (22) couplé à la première mémoire (LUT0), ledit premier registre stockage (22) stockant des valeurs à bits multiples reçues depuis la première mémoire (LUT0) ; un premier totaliseur (26) couplé au premier registre de stockage (22) et la deuxième mémoire (LUT1), ledit premier totaliseur (26) combinant les signaux de sortie reçus depuis le premier registre de stockage (22) et la deuxième mémoire (LUT1) ; et un deuxième registre de stockage (22) couplé au premier totaliseur (26), dans lequel le deuxième registre de stockage (22) stocke et fournit en sortie les signaux filtrés depuis les voies de signaux. Appareil selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre : une troisième mémoire (LUT2) couplée à chacune des entrées ; un deuxième totaliseur (26) couplé à la troisième mémoire (LUT2) et au deuxième registre de stockage (22) ; et un troisième registre de stockage (22) couplé au deuxième totaliseur (26), dans lequel le troisième registre de stockage (22) stocke et fournit en sortie les signaux filtrés depuis les voies de signaux. Appareil selon la revendication 2, comprenant en outre : une quatrième mémoire (LUT3) couplée à chacune des entrées ; et un troisième totaliseur (26) couplé à la quatrième mémoire (LUT3) et au troisième registre de stockage (22), dans lequel le troisième totaliseur stocke et fournit en sortie les signaux filtrés dérivés des voies de signaux. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'appareil est un réseau prédiffusé programmable par l'utilisateur. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'appareil est un circuit intégré à application spécifique. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'appareil est un filtre numérique à voies multiples. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'appareil est un filtre à réponse impulsionnelle finie. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'appareil est un modem CDMA. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacune des mémoires (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) est une mémoire vive. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacune des mémoires (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) est une mémoire morte. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacune des mémoires (LUT0, LUT1, LUT2, LUT3) a une table stockée dans ces dernières, qui est utilisée pour exécuter la fonction de pondération. Appareil selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la table comprend une somme pondérée prédéterminée des voies de signaux pour toute combinaison possible d'entrées reçues via les voies de signaux.






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