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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0717140 21.09.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000717140
Titel Verfahren zur Behandlung von Textilmaterialien
Anmelder Ciba Speciality Chemicals Holding Inc., Basel, CH
Erfinder Isharani, Jayanti Veljee, Greensboro, NC 27410, US;
Hung, William Mo-Wei, Alpharetta, GA 30201, US;
Su, Kai Chiang, Alpharetta, GA 30201, US
Vertreter TER MEER STEINMEISTER & Partner GbR Patentanwälte, 81679 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69535154
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, LI, PT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 05.12.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 958107666
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 19.06.1996
EP date of grant 09.08.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 21.09.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse D06M 13/35(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse D06M 13/358(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to the use of certain UV (ultra-violet) radiation absorbers containing a fiber-reactive group to improve the sun protection factor of textile fibers treated, with them.

Traditionally, protection of exposed human skin against potential damage by the UV components in sunlight has been effected by directly applying to the skin a preparation containing a UV absorber. In areas of the world, e.g. Australia and the United States, which enjoy especially sunny climates, there has been a great increase in awareness of the potential hazards of undue exposure to sunlight, compounded by fears of the consequences of the alleged damage to the ozone layer. Examples of sun damage include loss of skin elasticity and the appearance of wrinkles, promotion of the onset of erythemal reaction and the inducement of phototoxic or photoallergic reactions. Some of the more extreme types of skin damage caused by excessive, unprotected exposure to sunlight are development of melanomas or carcinomas on the skin.

One aspect of the desire to increase the level of skin protection against sunlight has been the consideration of additional measures, over and above the direct protection of the skin. For example, consideration has been given to the provision of enhanced protection to skin covered by clothing and thus partially shielded from sunlight.

Most natural and synthetic textile materials are at least partially permeable to the UV portion of sunlight. Accordingly, merely wearing clothing, especially light weight summer clothing, does not necessarily provide skin beneath the clothing with adequate protection against damage from UV radiation. Although clothing which is thick and/or tightly woven may provide a reasonable level of protection to skin beneath it, such clothing is not practical in hot sunny climates from the standpoint of the personal comfort of the wearer.

There is a need, therefore, to provide protection against UV radiation for skin which is covered by clothing, especially lightweight summer clothing which is undyed. Such lightweight summer clothing normally has a density of less than 200 g/m2 and has a sun protection factor (SPF) rating of between 5 and 10, depending on the type of fiber from which the clothing is manufactured.

The SPF rating of a sun protectant (sun cream or clothing) may be defined as the multiple of the time taken for the average person wearing the sun protectant to suffer sun burning under average exposure to sun. For example, if an average person would normally suffer sun burn after 30 minutes under standard exposure conditions, a sun protectant having an SPF rating of 5 would extend the period of protection from 30 minutes to 2 hours and 30 minutes. For people living in especially sunny climates, where mean sun burn times are minimal, e.g. only 15 minutes for an average fair-skinned person at mid day, SPF ratings of at least 20 are desired for lightweight clothing. In practice this means reducing the amount of UV light passing through a lightweight textile fabric by 50% or more.

In patent specification WO 94/4515, there is described, inter alia, a method of increasing the SPF rating of a fiber or fabric which comprises applying a UV absorber to a fabric having a density of less than 200 g/m2, whereby the UV absorber is attached to the fiber and an application of less than 3% UV absorber based on the weight of fiber produces an SPF rating of greater than 20 for the UV absorber and fabric combination. Among the UV absorbers generically disclosed therein are those having a UV-absorbing group attached to a fiber-reactive dihalotriazine.

Surprisingly, it has now been found that the treatment of textile fibers with a UV absorber having either two UV-absorbing groups or one UV-absorbing group and one water-solublizing group attached to a monohalotriazine significantly reduces the amount of UV light passing through fabrics produced from such treated fibers.

Accordingly, the present invention relates to the use of a UV absorber to improve the sun protection factor of textile fibers which comprises treating a textile fiber with 0.1 to 6.0 %, by weight of the fiber, of a UV absorber of the formula (1) wherein A is the radical of a UV absorber, B is the radical of a UV absorber and X is F or Cl, preferably Cl, and wherein at least one of A and B is substituted by at least one SO3H or COOH group or a salt thereof.

The UV absorbing groups A and B may be the same or different and are selected from suitable radicals of essentially any UV absorbing compounds; however, at least one of them is substituted by at least one SO3H or COOH group or a salt thereof.

Typical radicals of UV absorbers which may be used in this invention are disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,098,445 and the references cited therein.

Preferably the UV-absorbing radicals A and B are independently selected from the group consisting of radicals of the formulae: or wherein R1 and R2 are each hydrogen, C1-C18alkyl, C1-C18alkoxy, halogen, nitro, hydroxy, COOM or SO3M in which M is hydrogen, an amine salt or an alkali metal salt, and R3 and R4 are each hydrogen or C1-C18alkyl, provided, however, that at least one of A and B is substituted by at least one SO3H or COOH group or a salt thereof.

Preferably R1 and R2 are each hydrogen, C1-C7alkyl, C1-C7alkoxy, hydroxy, COOM or SO3M. More preferably R1 and R2 are each hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, hydroxy, COOM or SO3M. Preferably M is a sodium ion.

Preferably R3 and R4 are each hydrogen or C1-C7alkyl, more preferably hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl. B may also be a group of the formula: where Y is an amine salt or an alkali metal salt and R5 and R6 are each hydrogen, C1-C18alkyl, C1-C18alkoxy, halogen, nitro, hydroxy, COOY or SO3Y. Preferably R5 and R6 are each hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8alkoxy, hydroxy or SO3Y.

The compounds of formula (1) can be prepared by reacting compounds A-NH2 and B-NH2 with cyanuric acid trihalide. Basically a monoamine-substituted UV absorber is reacted with a trihalo triazine. This product is then reacted with either another amino-substituted UV absorber or a solubilizing moiety. Alternatively, an amino-substituted solubilizing moiety can be reacted with the trihalo triazine first and then an amino-substituted UV absorber is reacted with the product.

The starting amines, A-NH2 and B-NH2, are known compounds which are readily available.

A number of compounds of the formula (1) wherein A and B are as defined above and which are suitable for use in this invention are known from U S. Patents 4,963,160, 4,929,250 and 5,098,445, where they are disclosed as UV-absorbing agents for bonding to hydrogel contact lenses.

Compounds of the formula (1) which are particularly preferred for use in the present invention are those of the formulae and

The use of the present invention comprises treating a textile fiber material with 0.1 to 6.0%, preferably 0.3 to 3.0% by weight, based on the weight of the textile fiber material, of one or more compounds of the formula (1).

The textile fibers treated according to the present invention may be natural or synthetic fibers or mixtures thereof. Examples of natural fibers include vegetable fibers such as cotton, viscose, flax, rayon and linen, preferably cotton, and animal fibers such as wool, mohair, cashmere, angora and silk, preferably wool. Synthetic fibers include polyester, polyamide, polyacrylonitrile and polyurethanes such as spandex fibers.

Preferably, the textile fibers treated according to the present invention have a density of less than 200 g/m2.

The treatment may be carried out in an analogous manner to the methods generally used to apply reactive dyes to textile materials. Depending on the compound of formula (1) used, it may be beneficial to carry out the treatment in a neutral or an alkaline bath. The method is usually conducted in an alkaline bath in the temperature range of from 20 to 140°C, for example at or near the boiling point of the aqueous bath, e.g. at about 90°C.

Solutions of the compound of formula (1), or its emulsions in organic solvents may also be used in the present invention. For example, the so-called solvent dyeing (pad thermofix application) or exhaust dyeing methods in dyeing machines may be used.

If the use of the present invention is combined with a textile treatment or finishing method, the combined treatment may be advantageously carried out using appropriate stable preparations which contain a compound of formula (1) in a concentration such that the desired reduction in the amount of UV light passing through a lightweight textile fabric is achieved.

In certain cases, the compound of formula (1) is made fully effective by an aftertreatment. This may comprise a chemical treatment such as treatment with an acid acceptor, a thermal treatment or a combined thermal/chemical treatment.

In addition to the compound of formula (1), a minor proportion of one or more adjuvants may also be employed in the present invention. Examples of adjuvants include emulsifiers, perfumes, opacifiers, optical whitening agents, bacteriocides, nonionic surfactants, fabric care ingredients, especially fabric softeners, stain release or stain repellant ingredients or water-proofing agents, anti-gelling agents such as nitrites or nitrates of alkali metals, especially sodium nitrate, and corrosion inhibitors such as sodium silicate.

The amount of each of these optional adjuvants should not exceed 1% by weight on the treated fiber.

The use of the present invention, in addition to providing protection to the skin, also increases the useful life of a textile article treated according to the present invention. In particular, the tear resistance and/or lightfastness of the treated textile fiber material may be improved.

Textile fabrics treated according to the invention and articles of clothing produced from the said fabrics typically have an SPF rating of 20 and above whereas lightweight untreated cotton, for example, may have an SPF rating as low as about 5. Further, since the UV absorber is chemically bonded to hydrophilic textile fibers such as cotton and nylon, repeated laundering does not significantly decrease the UV protection afforded by the treatment.

The following Examples further illustrate the present invention. However the invention is not limited thereto.

Example 1 Preparation of the compound of the formula (5).

Cyanuric chloride, 5.1 g, is dissolved in 50 ml of warm acetone and the solution is poured into 250 ml of an ice/water mixture. To this stirred cyanuric chloride suspension at 0° C is added 12.7 g of 4'-amino-2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-5-sulfobenzophenone, sodium salt, along with a few drops of Silwet® L-7500 surfactant (Union Carbide Corp.) and the pH is adjusted to 4.0 with 10% NaOH. The mixture is allowed to warm up to 2 to 5° C and stirred for a total of one hour while maintaining the pH at about 4.0. Then a slurry of 17.9 g of 4-(4-aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt, (45-50% assay, from Sandoz Chemicals) in 100 ml of water is added. The reaction mixture is heated to 45° C and the pH is adjusted to 8.0 with 10% NaOH. The mixture is stirred for 45 minutes while maintaining the pH at about 8.0 with 10% NaOH. Then it is cooled back to room temperature and the pH is adjusted to 7.0 with 3N HCl. The total volume of the deep orange-yellow solution is 850 ml, of which 20 ml is used to prepare test solutions. The remaining solution is freeze dried to afford 30.5 g of deep yellow powder.

Example 2 Preparation of the compound of the formula (8).

Cyanuric chloride, 5.1 g, is dissolved in 50 ml of warm acetone and the solution is poured into 250 ml of an ice/water mixture. To this stirred cyanuric chloride suspension at 0° C is added 12.7 g of 4'-amino-2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-5-sulfobenzophenone, sodium salt, along with a few drops of Silwet® L-7500 surfactant (Union Carbide Corp.) and the pH is adjusted to 4.0 with 10% NaOH. The mixture is allowed to warm up to 2 to 5° C and stirred for a total of one hour while maintaining the pH at about 4.0. Then 3.7 g of fluoresceinamine, isomer I (Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc.) is added. The reaction mixture is heated to 45° C and the pH is adjusted to 8.5. The mixture is stirred for 45 minutes while maintaining the pH at about 8.5. Then it is cooled back to room temperature and the pH is adjusted to 7.0 with 3N HCl. The solution is freeze dried to afford 19.9 g of orange-colored solid.

Example 3 Preparation of the compound of the formula (7).

The compound of the formula (7) is prepared analogously to the compound of the formula (8), but replacing the fluoresceinamine by 15.5 g of 4,4'-diaminostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. Freeze drying the solution affords 31.46 g of yellow solid.

Example 4 Preparation of the compound of the formula (6).

The compound of the formula (6) is prepared analogously to the compound of the formula (8), but replacing the fluoresceinamine by 7.8 g of 4,4'-diaminosdlbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. Freeze drying the solution affords 25.1 g of light yellow solid.

Example 5

The following exhaust dyeing procedure is used to apply 3% by weight of various compounds of the formula (1) to lightweight, undyed 100% cotton swatches having a density of 119 g/m2.

  1. 1) Prewet fabric with 0.5g/l Silvatol® SO in hot water (140° F; 60° C) and rinse well.
  2. 2) Add 150 g water to application bath (use 15:1 dye:liquor ratio, i.e. 15 g water per g of fabric).
  3. 3) Heat the bath to 175°F (80°C).
    • Silvatol is a registered trademark of Ciba-Geigy.
Cycle 1 - 45 min.
  1. 4) Add: 1 g of reserve salt (i.e. 1% on weight of fabric) to bath.
  2. 5) Add x g UV Absorber solution (prepared by dissolving 1 g UV Absorber in 99 g water).
  3. 6) Add 12 g NaCl (= 80 g/l salt) to bath.
  4. 7) Add 10 g cottcn fabric.
  5. 8) Circulate 15 minutes.
  6. 9) Add 1.5 g Na2CO3 (= 10 g/l soda ash).
  7. 10) Circulate 15 min.
  8. 11) Slowly add 0.375 g 50% NaOH.
  9. 12) Circulate 15 min.
Cycle 2 - Exhaustion
  • 13) Circulate for another 45 min. after the end of the 1 st cycle.
  • 14) Rinse fabric with 100 ml hot water for 10 min. (10:1 ratio, each piece rinsed separately).
Cycle 3 - Soaping and Final Rinse
  • 15) Set bath (200 ml) at 200°F (87°C).
  • 16) Add 0.05 g Silvatol AS and fabric; soap for 10 min.
  • 17) Rinse fabric with 200 ml hot water followed by 200 ml cold water.
  • 18) Dry fabric at room temperature.
A modified UV spectrometer is used to measure the amount of UV light between the wavelengths of 300 to 400 nanometers transmitted through lightweight, undyed 100% cotton swatches having a density of 119 g/m2 and treated according to the above procedure with 3% by weight of various compounds of the formula (1) versus control swatches of the same fabric which were subjected to the same procedure but without the UV absorber of the formula (1). The following compounds of the formula (1) were employed: and

The results are shown in the following table. Compound No. UV Transmission, % (2) 50 (3) 50 (4) 50 (5) 24 (6) 22 (7) 24 (8) 37 (9) 30-

The lower the % transmission, the more effective the compound of formula (1) is in preventing UV light from passing through the fabric.

Example 6

Lightweight, undyed 100% cotton swatches having a density of 119 g/m2 and treated according to the procedure of Example 5 with 3% by weight of the compound of the formula (2) were subjected to repeated launderings according to AATCC Test Method 61-1986. Then the amount of UV light between the wavelengths of 300 to 400 nanometers transmitted through the laundered samples was measured versus untreated laundered controls according to the procedure of Example 1. The results are shown in the following table. No. of Washes UV Transmission, % 1 52 2 45 3 45 4 45.5

The results of this very vigorous test demonstrate that the effectiveness of the inventive fabric treatment is not significantly affected by repeated laundering, i.e. it is permanent.


Anspruch[de]
Verwendung eines UV-Absorbers zur Verbesserung des Sonnenschutzfaktors von Textilfasern, umfassend das Behandeln der Textilfasern mit 0,1 bis 6,0%, bezogen auf das Gewicht der Fasern, eines UV-Absorbers der Formel (1) worin A der Rest eines UV-Absorbers ist, B der Rest eines UV-Absorbers ist, und X F oder Cl ist, und wobei mindestens eines von A und B substituiert ist durch mindestens eines SO3H- oder COOH-Gruppe oder ein Salz hiervon. Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei X Cl ist Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die UV-absorbierenden Reste A und B unabhängig gewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Resten der Formeln: oder worin R1 und R2 unabhängig voneinander Wasserstoff, C1-C18-Alkyl, C1-C18-Alkoxy, Halogen, Nitro, Hydroxy, COOM oder SO3M sind, worin M Wasserstoff, Ammonium oder ein Alkalimetallion ist, und R3 und R4 jeweils Wasserstoff oder C1-C18-Alkyl sind, mit der Maßgabe, dass mindestens eines von A und B durch mindestens eine SO3H- oder COOH-Gruppe oder ein Salz hiervon substituiert ist. Verwendung nach Anspruch 3, wobei R1 und R2 unabhängig voneinander Wasserstoff, C1-C7-Alkyl, C1-C7-Alkoxy, Hydroxy, COOM oder SO3M sind. Verwendung nach Anspruch 4, wobei R1 und R2 unabhängig voneinander Wasserstoff, C1-C4-Alkyl, C1-C4-Alkoxy, Hydroxy, COOM oder SO3M sind. Verwendung nach Anspruch 3, wobei M ein Natriumion ist. Verwendung nach Anspruch 3, wobei R3 und R4 jeweils Wasserstoff oder C1-C7-Alkyl sind. Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Verbindung der Formel (1) aus der Gruppe gewählt ist, bestehend aus Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, umfassend das Behandeln einer Textilfaser mit 0,3 bis 3,0%, bezogen auf das Gewicht der Faser, eines UV-Absorbers der Formel (1). Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Textilfaser Baumwolle, Viskose, Flax, Rayon, Leinen, Wolle oder Seide ist. Verwendung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Textilfaser Baumwolle ist. Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Textilfaser Polyester, Polyamid, Polyacrylnitril oder Polyurethan ist.
Anspruch[en]
Use of a UV absorber to improve the sun protection factor of textile fibers, which comprises treating the textile fibers with 0.1 to 6.0%, by weight of the fibers, of a UV absorber of the formula (1) wherein A is the radical of a UV absorber, B is the radical of a UV absorber and X is F or Cl, and wherein at least one of A and B is substituted by at least one SO3H or COOH group or a salt thereof. Use according to claim 1, wherein X is Cl. Use according to claim 1, wherein the UV-absorbing radicals A and B are independently selected from the group consisting of radicals of the formulae: or wherein R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen, C1-C18alkyl, C1-C18alkoxy, halogen, nitro, hydroxy, COOM or SO3M in which M is hydrogen, ammonium or an alkali metal ion, and R3 and R4 are each hydrogen or C1-C18alkyl with the proviso that at least one of A and B is substituted by at least one SO3H or COOH group or a salt thereof. Use according to claim 3, wherein R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen, C1-C7alkyl, C1-C7alkoxy, hydroxy, COOM or SO3M. Use according to claim 4, wherein R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, hydroxy, COOM or SO3M. Use according to claim 3, wherein M is a sodium ion. Use according to claim 3, wherein R3 and R4 are each hydrogen or C1-C7alkyl. Use according to claim 1, wherein the compound of the formula (1) is selected from the group consisting of Use according to claim 1, which comprises treating a textile fiber with 0.3 to 3.0%, by weight on the fiber, of a UV absorber of the formula (1). Use according to claim 1, wherein the textile fiber is cotton, viscose, flax, rayon, linen, wool or silk. Use according to claim 10, wherein the textile fiber is cotton. Use according to claim 1, wherein the textile fiber is polyester, polyamide, polyacrylonitrile or polyurethane.
Anspruch[fr]
Utilisation d'un absorbeur d'UV pour améliorer l'indice de protection solaire de fibres textiles, qui comprend le traitement des fibres textiles avec 0,1% à 6,0%, en poids des fibres, d'un absorbeur d'UV de formule (1) dans laquelle A représente le radical d'un absorbeur d'UV, B représente le radical d'un absorbeur d'UV et X représente F ou Cl, et dans laquelle au moins l'un des A et B est substitué par au moins un groupe SO3H ou COOH ou un de ses sels. Utilisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle X représente Cl. Utilisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les radicaux absorbeurs d'UV A et B sont indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par les radicaux de formules : ou dans lesquelles R1 et R2 représentent indépendamment un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe alkyle en C1 à C18, alcoxy en C1 à C18, un atome d'halogène, un groupe nitro, hydroxyle, COOM ou SO3M dans lequel M représente un atome d'hydrogène, un ammonium ou un ion de métal alcalin, et R3 et R4 représentent chacun un atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1 à C18, à condition qu'au moins l'un des A et B soit substitué par au moins un groupe SO3H ou COOH ou un de ses sels. Utilisation selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle R1 et R2 représentent indépendamment un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe alkyle en C1 à C7, alcoxy en C1 à C7, hydroxyle, COOM ou SO3M. Utilisation selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle R1 et R2 représentent indépendamment un atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1 à C4, alcoxy en C1 à C4, hydroxyle, COOM ou SO3M. Utilisation selon la revendication. 3, dans laquelle M représente un ion sodium. Utilisation selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle R3 et R4 représentent chacun un atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1 à C7. Utilisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le composé de formule (1) est choisi dans le groupe constitué par et Utilisation selon la revendication 1, qui comprend le traitement d'une fibre textile avec 0,3% à 3,0%, en poids, de la fibre, d'un absorbeur d'UV de formule (1). Utilisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la fibre textile est le coton, la viscose, la fibre de lin, la rayonne, le fil de lin, la laine ou la soie. Utilisation selon la revendication 10, dans laquelle la fibre textile est le coton. Utilisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la fibre textile est le polyester, le polyamide, le polyacrylonitrile ou le polyuréthanne.






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A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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