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Fixation d'un coussin gonflable - Dokument EP1522466
 
PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1522466 05.10.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001522466
Titel Fixation d'un coussin gonflable
Anmelder KEY SAFETY SYSTEMS, INC., Sterling Heights, Mich., US
Erfinder Hofmann, Volker, 60316 Frankfurt am Main, DE;
Gromodka, Gregor, 60439 Frankfurt am Main, DE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 602004002056
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.09.2004
EP-Aktenzeichen 040232720
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 13.04.2005
EP date of grant 23.08.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 05.10.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse B60R 21/20(2000.01)A, F, I, 20050225, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B60R 21/16(2006.01)A, L, I, 20050225, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a method of fastening an airbag to a structural member of a motor vehicle, a motor vehicle, as well as an airbag for a curtain airbag module.

Methods for fastening airbags to a structural member of a vehicle are known from the prior art. US 6 073 961 teaches an airbag arranged in a container, fastened to the structural member of a vehicle by a screw. During the deployment of the airbag, the screw protrudes at least partly out of the container, so that the airbag is securely connected to the structural member on the basis of its connection to the container. The problem is that the airbag is connected to the structural member prior to its installation by a hanger element, for instance a container surrounding it. In this manner the airbag is initially to be mounted on this hanger element, then subsequently to be fastened to the vehicle structure. The result is an extremely cost-intensive installation, combined with an increased time for the assembly of the unit comprising the airbag and the fastener.

JP-A-2002/104127 discloses a fixing structure of an airbag (11) comprising a plurality of mounting parts (14) formed on an upper edge of the airbag body. The airbag (11) is fixed to the vehicle body panel (13) by means of a knob part (16, 19, 22) which is rotated into the locking member (17,20,23) through the locking hole (15) provided within said mounting parts (14). According to this closest prior art showing the features of the preamble of claim 1, the airbag body is fitted onto the vehicle structural member by means of a locking member and a knob, i.e. a fastener.

The present invention provides an airbag fastened to a structural member a motor vehicle, and an airbag for a curtain airbag module, which ensures a simple, cost-effective and secure mounting of an airbag to a structural member.

  • Fig.1 is a side view of an airbag in a non-inflated state.
  • Fig.2 is a sectional view of a preferred embodiment of the airbag according to the invention in an inflated state, attached to a structural member of a vehicle.

An airbag module for a curtain airbag is shown in Fig.1. An airbag 2 is in a non-inflated state. An inflator 4 is connected to the airbag to supply the airbag 2 with gas during its deployment. During the inflation of the airbag 2, the airbag deploys downwards, e.g. before the side windows of the vehicle. The airbag 2 can be arranged at any other location in a vehicle, e.g. in the region of the dashboard or in the knee or foot region. The airbag 2 can, in accordance with the invention, also be used in applications other than in motor vehicles, e.g. in any other vehicles, such as trains or aircraft.

In the fastening regions of the airbag 2, in which the airbag 2 is to be connected with a structural member 12 of the structural member of a vehicle, several straps 6 are located. The fastening region comprises a region of the airbag in which a connection or a fastening to the structural member or an element thereof is located. The straps are made out of essentially the same material as the airbag 2. The fastening regions are presently foreseen along the longitudinal extent of the airbag 2, but can also, or additionally, be arranged on its front sides. The straps 6 can be designed such that two layers of the airbag 2 are stitched and/or glued together in such a manner that in this region cannot be inflated with gas. The straps 6 can also be sewn or welded to the airbag. To increase their strength, the straps 6 can also be folded several times, sewn and/or welded. In addition or alternatively, at least the fastening region can comprise a coating or impregnation with a stiffening compound to increase resistance.

Within the straps 6 are portals 8, through which in an assembled state parts of the structural member of a vehicle or hanger elements 10 for the fastening of the airbag 2 can extend along the latter. The portals 8 are openings of polygonal shape, and are adapted so that an at least partly positive locking is achieved with the hanger elements 10. This way it is avoided that the airbag 2 slips from the hanger elements 10 during installation. Due to a polygonal design of the portals 8 and the hanger elements 10 a twisting of the airbag 2 during installation is avoided. In addition to this, eyelets could be located on the portals 8 to improve their resistance to wear.

Each portal 8 is a hole or opening in the airbag material, made for example by stamping. In other words the airbag does not comprise any additional fastener (i.e. fastener the airbag to or hanging the airbag from the structural member, and which absorb a force during the deployment of the airbag or airbag), but is immediately connected or brought into engagement with the hanger element of the structural member, merely by portals located in the airbag material. According to the invention additional secondary fasteners (e.g. clips, pins, double-sided adhesive tape, etc.) can be foreseen which, despite essentially not absorbing any force during the deployment of the airbag, suitably position the packed airbag or the packed module during the mounting, e.g. for it not to come into contact with a cover (e.g. a vehicle roof lining). The cover contributes to the secure positioning of the airbag, wherein the cover can also be advantageously fastened to the fastener on the vehicle structural member. In this manner a direct connection between the airbag material and the structural member or hanger element is created, so that in the fastening region the airbag material essentially absorbs the forces acting upon the airbag. Due to the immediate arrangement of the airbag to at least one hanger element, an advantageously simple and cost-effective fastening is achieved, since no additional clips, interface structure or other connection elements are necessary and the assembly time is significantly reduced. The immediate arrangement of the airbag to the at least one hanger element is thus carried out by direct contact or connection of the airbag material to the hanger element, so that no further additional elements are required in or on the airbag or airbag material.

The fastener is 14 secured to the side of the hanger element 10 distal from the structural member, to secure the airbag 2 in its position between the structural member and the fastener. By providing a fastener in this position, the airbag can be securely held on the hanger element between the frame or the structural member and the fastener, so that an advantageously operationally safe airbag or airbag is provided.

The area of the portals 8 is larger than the cross section of the hanger elements 10. In this way the airbag can be assembled on the hanger element by a simple or smooth sliding or pulling over onto the hanger element.

The area of the portals 8 can be smaller or equal to the cross section of the hanger elements 10, so that the portals or the airbag must be tightly slid onto the hanger elements, so that a sufficient preliminary attachment can be ensured.

The straps 6 are arranged on at least one border region of the airbag. In this case the straps are made of the same material as the airbag 2, i.e. they are part of the airbag. As a result, the airbag can be hooked into the present hanger elements with slightly larger, suitable straps without additional fastener. The portals 8 are may be arranged in accordance with a gripping position. It is thus advantageously possible to arrange the straps 6 and the hanger elements 10 in such a manner that on these one or several handles for the passenger compartment can be fastened by the fastener. The portals 8 may be arranged in pairs with the fastening elements 14 extending through the portals arranged in pairs and the fastener 14 is a handle for gripping by a vehicle occupant.

This type of fastening is shown in Fig.2. Through the portal 8 of the strap in this at least partly deployed airbag 2, a hanger element 10 extends, and is connected with a structural member 12 of a vehicle or is itself a part of the latter. The hanger element 10 has a polygonal cross section that is complementary to, and essentially corresponds to the shape of the portal 8. The hanger element 10 may be a fastening block for a handle. In this case the airbag 2, in the region of the portals 8, can be directly or immediately slid onto the hanger element 10 without further fastener, positioned between the airbag 2 and the hanger element 10. Additional secondary fastener (not shown) can be foreseen, ensuring a correct positioning of the packed airbag 2. In contrast to the hanger element 10, these secondary fastener (e.g. clips, pins, adhesive tape) do not absorb any significant forces during the deployment of the airbag 2, but rather are used for the positioning of the airbag 2 in a packed state, e.g. to avoid undesired contact with a cover.

To ensure the positioning of the airbag 2, a fastener 14 is arranged on the side of the hanger element 10 turned away from the structural member 12, to secure the airbag 2 in its position between the structural member 12 and the fastener 14. The fastener 14 may extend beyond the hanger element 10, i.e. it extends beyond the cross sectional surface of the hanger element 10 on at least one side. The fastener 14 can be a screw, bolt or rivet, which extends through the hanger element 10 and engages the structural member 12 and may comprise at its side turned away from the structural member 12 a (plain) washer to ensure the positioning of the airbag 2. Alternatively the fastener 14 can also be a locking element, which can be locked or brought into engagement with the hanger element 10 and/or the structural member 12. Due to the fastener 14, a casing or cover 16, e.g. a roof lining cover or a dashboard cover, is secured to at least one part of the airbag 2 between the hanger element 10 or the structural member 12 and the fastener 14, so that this also contributes to the positioning and securing of the airbag 2.

At least one hanger element 10 may be essentially hook-shaped and the step of the arrangement of the airbag on the at least one hanger element is carried out by hooking the airbag onto the structural member of the vehicle by placing at least one portal 8 in around the at least one hanger element. In this case the at least one hanger element is essentially shaped like an upwards pointing hook, so that the airbag can be hooked into the hanger elements. In this case the corresponding portals on the hanger elements can show a slight allowance on the hanger element, so that a hooking of the airbag can be facilitated, wherein a sufficient preliminary attachment is achieved by the hook-shaped design of the hanger elements.

The step of the immediate arrangement of the airbag to the at least one hanger element of the structural member is carried out by interlocking, that is to say sliding of the airbag or the straps onto the hanger elements. To this effect the hanger element is designed in such a manner that the airbag can be slid onto it in a simple manner, wherein assembly costs can be advantageously reduced. The hanger element is essentially polygonal. Due to the interlocking, by sliding of the airbag or the portals onto the hanger elements, a sufficient preliminary attachment can be advantageously ensured, since in this case the portals of the airbag are dimensioned in such a manner that they are essentially slid onto the tightening elements in a "tight" manner (i.e. with a slight interference fit).

Due to the direct sliding of the airbag 2 or its portals 8 onto the hanger element 10 without additional third means connected to the airbag 2, an advantageously simple and cost-effective method for fastening an airbag to a structural member of a vehicle can be achieved.

In a further embodiment, the method for fastening an airbag to a structural member comprises the step of arranging a cover between the fastener and at least one part of the airbag. A cover, such as for instance a roof lining cover, can in this case also be fastened to the vehicle structural member by the fastener. In this case a smaller number of or else no additional fastener are required, wherein assembly costs and times can be reduced. In addition, by the cover arranged above the airbag (as seen from the vehicle inside), the latter can also be secured in its position.

The straps 6 may advantageously be made out of the same material as the airbag. In other words the straps or the region of the portals form an integral part or one unit with the airbag. The straps may be strengthened by seams, welds, glues and/or coatings to improve resistance, so that a tearing of the portals during the activation of the airbag can be prevented. The fastening region or the straps may be indicated by a seam or a glued part in the airbag. In this way a region of the airbag does not inflate with gas during the inflation of the airbag.


Anspruch[de]
Airbag (2), umfassend mindestens eine Lasche (6), die an einem Randbereich des Airbags (2) angeordnet ist, wobei die Lasche (6) ein Portal (8) durch dieselbe aufweist, die zum Verbinden des Airbags mit einem Fahrzeugbauelement (12) mittels eines Aufhängeelementes (10) dient,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

eine Polygonform des Aufhängeelementes (10) und eine Polygonform des Portals (8) bereitgestellt werden, um das Verdrehen des Airbags (2) beim Einbau zu vermeiden

und dass

die Form des Durchlasses des Portals (8) so ausgelegt ist, dass eine mindestens teilweise formschlüssige Arretierung des Portals (8) am Aufhängeelement (10) erreicht wird,

um das Rutschen des Airbags (2) von dem Aufhängeelement (10) beim Einbau des Airbags (2) zu vermeiden,

wodurch sich der Airbag ohne ein zusätzliches, am Airbag angeordnetes Befestigungselement befestigen lässt.
Airbag (2) nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Lasche (6) das gleiche Material wie der Airbag (2) umfasst. Airbag (2) nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, bei dem die Lasche (6) durch Nähte, Klebstoffe und/oder eine Beschichtung verstärkt wird. Airbag (2) nach einem Anspruch 1 bis 3, bei dem die Größe des Portals (8) kleiner als der oder gleich dem Querschnitt des Aufhängeelementes (10) ist. Kraftfahrzeug, das ein Fahrzeugbauelement (12) mit einem Aufhängeelement (10) und einem Airbag (2) nach Anspruch 1 umfasst. Kraftfahrzeug nach Anspruch 5, das außerdem ein Befestigungselement (14) umfasst, das auf der Seite des Aufhängeelementes (10) angeordnet ist, die von dem Fahrzeugbauelement (12) weggewandt ist, um den Airbag (2) in seiner Lage zwischen dem Fahrzeugbauelement (12) und dem Befestigungselement (14) zu befestigen. Kraftfahrzeug nach Anspruch 6, das außerdem eine Abdeckung (16) umfasst, die zwischen dem Befestigungselement (14) und mindestens einem Teil des Airbags (2) angeordnet ist. Kraftfahrzeug nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, bei dem der Airbag (2) eine Vielzahl von Laschen (6) aufweist und bei dem die Laschen (6) und die Aufhängeelemente (10) in einer Weise angeordnet sind, dass mit Hilfe des Befestigungselementes (14) an diesen mindestens ein Griff befestigt werden kann.
Anspruch[en]
An airbag (2) comprising at least one strap (6) arranged on a border region of the airbag (2), said strap (6) having a portal (8) there through for connecting said airbag to a vehicle structural member (12) through a hanger element (10),

characterised in that

a polygonal shape of said hanger element (10) and a polygonal shape of said portal (8) are provided to avoid twisting of the airbag (2) during installation

and in that

the shape of the opening of the portal (8) is adapted so that an at least partly positive locking of said portal (8) with said hanger element (10) is achieved

to avoid the slipping of the airbag (2) from the hanger element (10) during installation of the airbag (2),

whereby the airbag is securable without an additional fastener disposed on the airbag.
The airbag (2) according to claim 1, wherein the strap (6) comprises the same material as the airbag (2). The airbag (2) according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the strap (6) is reinforced by seams, glues and/or a coating. The airbag (2) according to any claim 1 to 3, wherein the size of said portal is (8) is smaller or equal the cross section of the hanger element (10). A motor vehicle including a vehicle structural member (12) having a hanger element (10) and airbag (2) according to claim 1. A motor vehicle according to claim 5, further comprising a fastener (14) arranged on the side of the hanger element (10) turned away from the structural member (12), to secure the airbag (2) in its position between the structural member (12) and the fastener (14). The motor vehicle according to claim 6 further comprising a cover (16) that is arranged between the fastener (14) and at least one part of the airbag (2). The motor vehicle according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the airbag (2) has a plurality of straps (6) and wherein said straps (6) and hanger elements (10) are arranged in a manner that on these at least one handle can be fastened by said fastener (14).
Anspruch[fr]
Coussin d'air (2), comprenant au moins une sangle (6) agencée sur une région de bordure du coussin d'air (2), ladite sangle (6) comportant un portail (8) la traversant pour connecter ledit coussin d'air à un élément structural du véhicule (12) par l'intermédiaire d'un élément de suspension (10),

caractérisé en ce que

une forme polygonale dudit élément de suspension (10) et une forme polygonale dudit portail (8) sont fournies pour empêcher un torsion du coussin d'air (2) au cours de l'installation ;

et en ce que

la forme de l'ouverture du portail (8) est adaptée de sorte à assurer un verrouillage au moins partiellement positif dudit portail (8) avec ledit élément de suspension (10),

pour empêcher un glissement du coussin d'air (2) hors de l'élément de suspension (10) au cours de l'installation du coussin d'air (2) ;

le coussin d'air pouvant ainsi être fixé de manière sécurisée sans prévoir un élément de fixation additionnel sur le coussin d'air.
Coussin d'air (2) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la sangle (6) comprend le même matériau que le coussin d'air (2). Coussin d'air (2) selon les revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel la sangle (6) est renforcée par des coutures, des colles et/ou un revêtement. Coussin d'air (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la taille dudit portail (8) est inférieure ou égale à la section transversale de l'élément de suspension (10). Véhicule à moteur englobant un élément structural du véhicule (12) comportant un élément de suspension (10) et un coussin d'air (2) selon la revendication 1. Véhicule à moteur selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre un élément de fixation (14) agencé sur le côté de l'élément de suspension (10) orienté à l'écart de l'élément structural (12), pour fixer le coussin d'air (2) dans sa position entre l'élément structural (12) et l'élément de fixation (14). Véhicule à moteur selon la revendication 6, comprenant en outre une couverture (16) agencée entre l'élément de fixation (14) et au moins une partie du coussin d'air (2). Véhicule à moteur selon les revendications 6 ou 7, dans lequel le coussin d'air (2) comporte plusieurs sangles (6), lesdites sangles (6) et les éléments de suspension (10) étant agencés de sorte qu'au moins une poignée peut y être fixée par ledit élément de fixation (14).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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