PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1469249 12.10.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001469249
Titel Schwingungsisolierende Rohrschelle für langgestreckte Gegenstände
Anmelder Newfrey LLC, Newark, Del., US;
Honda Giken Kogyo K.K., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Mizukoshi, c/o Pop Rivet Fastener K.K., Suguru, Utsunomiya-shi Tochigi-ken, JP;
Kato, c/o Pop Rivet Fastener K.K., Hiroyuki, Utsunomiya-shi Tochigi-ken, JP;
Okumoto, c/o K.K. Honda Gijutsu Kenkyujo, Hidehumi, Wako-shi, Saitama-ken, JP;
Tanaka, c/o K.K. Honda Gijutsu Kenkyujo, Kotaro, Wako-shi, Saitama-ken, JP;
Sato, c/o K.K. Honda Gijutsu Kenkyujo, Motoyasu, Wako-shi, Saitama-ken, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 602004002139
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 02.04.2004
EP-Aktenzeichen 040081507
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 20.10.2004
EP date of grant 30.08.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 12.10.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse F16L 55/035(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse F16L 3/13(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   F16L 3/227(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   H02G 3/32(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a clamp for holding an elongated object or component, such as a pipe or a wire harness, in order to fix the object to a substrate or workpiece, such as an automobile body. In particular, the present invention relates to an antivibration clamp for an elongated object, designed to prevent vibration transmission to or from the object, according to the preamble of claim 1. Such a clamp is disclosed in document EP-A- 1 036 966.

Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 4-44581 (Publication 1) discloses a clamp for an elongated object, e.g., a pipe or the like, designed to prevent occurrence of fluttering noise caused by vibrations. This clamp comprises a base and an object-holding portion supported by the base. The object-holding portion includes a curved wall defining a recess for receiving an object therein, and a resilient holding finger extending obliquely from the top of the curved wall, or its vicinity, toward the recess of the curved wall to press against the outer surface of the object. The inner wall surface of the curved wall is coated with a soft buffering resin material. The soft buffering resin material absorbs fluttering noise of the object held in the curved wall.

Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 4-75289 (Publication 2) discloses an antivibration clamp for an elongated object, e g , a pipe or the like, designed to prevent vibration transmission to or from the object. This antivibration clamp includes an object holding portion composed of a pair of clamp members openably connected with one another by a thin hinge. Opposed surfaces of the clamp members are provided with an antivibration portion made of noise isolating/absorbing soft resin material to clamp an object between the opposed antivibration portions to avoid the object being pulled-out. The antivibration portions cover the outer surface of the object to obtain vibration-proof effect

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-79432 (Publication 3) discloses an improvement of the clamp disclosed in Publication I Soft buffering resin material provided on the inner wall surface of the curved wall holds an object while preventing the object from being displaced in the axial direction An aim of the improvement is to reduce the risk of a strong force applied in the axial direction of the object causing peeling of the soft buffering resin material. Specifically, the clamp of Publication 3 is directed to fixing the soft buffering resin material to the curved wall in such a manner that the soft buffering resin material extends along opposite side edges of the recess of the curved wall in a C-shape, to clasp the side edges so as to prevent the peeling

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-248145 (Publication 4) discloses a cord clamp formed with a plurality of cord-holding portions and intended to facilitate an operation of inserting a cord therein, and to prevent a returning force of the cord-holding portions from deteriorating under a high temperature. This cord clamp is formed with a gap between the adjacent cord-holding portions to isolate them from one another, and a resilient member is inserted into the gap. The resiliency of the resilient member in the gap is utilized to prevent the returning force of the cord-holding portions from deteriorating in a high temperature environment, such as an engine compartment.

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2000-230674 (Publication 5) discloses a pipe clamp comprising an automobile-body connection portion or base, a pipe binding portion or pipe-holding portion, separated from the base, and a coupling portion made of a soft material and embedded between the automobile-body connection portion and the pipe-binding portion through a two-color molding process The soft coupling portion interposed between the automobile-body connection portion and the pipe-binding portion is utilized to absorb vibrations of the pipe held by the pipe-binding portion so as to prevent vibrations from being transmitted to the automobile-body connection portion.

While the clamp disclosed in Publication 1 (Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 4-44581) has an antivibration function based on the soft buffering (antivibration) resin material covering an object held in the curved wall, a higher antivibration effect can be obtained only by increasing the thickness of the antivibration resin material. However, the antivibration resin material increased in thickness causes a problem of deterioration in the object holding force due to resulting increased softness or flexibility, which is likely to cause wobbling movements of the object in the curved wall. Further, as pointed out in Publication 3 (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-79432), the antivibration resin material tends to be peeled by a strong force applied in the axial direction of the object.

As to the clamp disclosed in Publication 2 (Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 4-75289), a higher antivibration effect can be obtained only by increasing the thickness of the antivibration resin material, and the soft antivibration resin material increased in thickness is likely to cause wobbling movements of an object in the curved wall, similarly to the clamp in Publication 1. Further, because the object-holding portion is composed of the pair of clamp members openably connected with one another by the thin hinge, undesirable labor and time are required for swingably moving one of the clamp members about the hinge to open the object-holding portion, inserting an object into the holding portion, and then closing the clamp member.

While Publication 3 (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-79432) is intended to prevent peeling of the soft buffering resin material, it is difficult to obtain a sufficient antivibration effect. If the thickness of the soft buffering resin material is increased to obtain a sufficiently enhanced antivibration effect, the holding force will be likely to deteriorate, as with the clamp in Publication I

The cord clamp in Publication 4 is intended to prevent the returning force of the cord-holding portions from deteriorating under a high temperature For this purpose, the resilient member is inserted into the gap between the adjacent cord-holding portions, and the resiliency of the resilient member is utilized to maintain the returning force of the cord-holding portion even if the body of the cord-holding portion has a returning force that deteriorates at a high temperature. This cord clamp is neither designed for the purpose of antivibration, nor has it a sufficient antivibration function. Further, the cord clamp in Publication 4 is devoid of a resilient holding finger extending obliquely from the top of the curved wall of the cord-holding portion toward the recess of the curved wall so as to press against the outer surface of the elongated object to prevent pullout of an object held in the cord-holding portion. Publication 4 does not include any suggestion of absorbing vibrations acting from an object to a resilient holding finger.

In the pipe clamp in Publication 5, a coupling portion made of a soft material is provided between the pipe-binding portion for holding a pipe and the automobile-body connection portion to be fixed to an automobile body. Thus, a fixing force between the pipe held by the pipe-binding portion and the automobile-body connection portion is likely to deteriorate.

An object of the present invention is to provide an improved antivibration clamp for an elongated object such as a pipe or the like, capable of holding an object with a sufficient holding force while providing a high antivibration function.

According to the present invention there is provided an antivibration clamp for holding an elongated object, such as a pipe, comprising an object-holding portion that is supported by a base and includes a curved wall defining a recess for receiving an object to be clamped, the inner surface of the curved wall being coated with an antivibration material that is softer than a material of which the curved wall and the ribs are formed ,wherein the curved wall has a plurality of elongated ribs protruding inwardly from the curved wall and spaced apart circumferentially of the curved wall, wherein the ribs, the opposite ends of the ribs and the opposite side surfaces of the curved wall are coated with the antivibration material

Broadly, the present invention provides an antivibration clamp for holding an elongated object, such as a pipe, comprising a base made of hard resin, and an object-holding portion made of hard resin and supported by the base. The object-holding portion includes a curved wall connected integrally with the base to define a recess for receiving an elongated object therein, and a resilient holding finger extending obliquely from the top of the curved wall or its vicinity toward the recess of the curved wall to press against the outer surface of the object. The curved wall has an inner wall surface formed with a plurality of elongated rigid ribs protruding inward and extending in the width direction of the curved wall while being spaced apart from each other in the circumferential direction of the curved wall, and the inner wall surface and the ribs of the curved wall are covered with an antivibration material made of soft resin.

The antivibration material interposed between the recess of the curved wall and a pipe or the like can provide a high antivibration function to eliminate abnormal noises caused by vibrations of the pipe or the like. The tops of the ribs are in contact with the pipe or the like through the antivibration material, and the rigidity of the ribs allows the pipe or the like to be held with a sufficient holding force. Furthermore, even if a strong force applied in the width direction of the curved wall (i.e., in the axial direction of the pipe or the like), acts on the antivibration material as a peeling force, the antivibration material made of soft resin and covering the elongated ribs protruding from the inner wall surface of the curved wall can be firmly fixed on the inner wall surface of the curved wall to resist against the peeling force.

In one embodiment of the above antivibration clamp, each of the ribs includes a top portion having a length equal to the width of the curved wall, and a root portion on the inner wall surface. Each of opposite longitudinal ends of each rib is tapered in such a manner that the length of the root portion becomes shorter than the width of the curved wall. This allows the antivibration material to be coated thicker, or with higher peeling resistance, at the respective root portions at opposite ends of each of the ribs, so that the risk of peeling is further reduced.

All of the curved wall, the resilient holding finger, the ribs and the base may be integrally formed as a primary molded product of hard resin, and the antivibration material is coated on the curved wall and the ribs of the primary product to form a final molded product. The antivibration material may be applied in a two-color molding process or an insert molding process, for example. Thus, the time for assembly and the number of parts can be reduced. The antivibration material is coated on opposite side surfaces of the curved wall including opposite ends of each of the ribs.

In one embodiment of the above antivibration clamp, the base includes a plurality of object-holding portions integrally formed therewith, and at least one of the object-holding portions is formed as an antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion coated with the antivibration material. A space may be formed between the curved walls of an antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion and an object-holding portion adjacent to the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion, to isolate the curved walls from one another, and the space may be filled with the antivibration material during the coating process for forming the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion. This can prevent vibration transmission between the adjacent object-holding portions to provide enhanced antivibration effect. Further, if a pipe or the like vibrated in a pullout direction acts to bend the resilient holding finger, the antivibration material, or soft material, in the space will allow the resilient holding finger, which presses against the outer surface of the elongated object, to be deformed or bent toward the space while flexibly following the movement of the object, so as to absorb the vibration of the object, and properly maintain the holding function of the resilient holding finger even if the object is roughly vibrated. In addition, the object can be inserted into the object-holding portion by a relatively low force to facilitate the insertion operation

At least one of the outer surfaces of adjacent curved walls opposed to one another across a space may be formed with a protrusion in engagement with the antivibration material in the space The protrusion allows the antivibration material to be more firmly fixed to an object-holding portion made of a hard resin, so as to prevent peeling of the antivibration material from the object-holding portion. Additionally, an antivibration clamp may include a through-hole extending in the width direction of a curved wall (i.e., in the longitudinal direction of an object held in the object-holding portion) between the base and the bottom of the curved wall of the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion, and the antivibration material may be inserted in the through-hole. This allows the bottom of the object-holding portion to be readily deformed so as to provide an enhanced vibration absorbing effect.

The invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate preferred (best mode) embodiments, and wherein:

  • FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a clamp according to a first embodiment of the present invention, under the condition before an antivibration material is coated thereon;
  • FIG. 2 is a front view of the clamp in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a right side view of the clamp in FIG. 1,
  • FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line 4-4 of the clamp in FIG 2;
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective view of an object-holding portion 8 of the clamp in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 6 is a top plan view of an antivibration clamp according to the first embodiment under the condition after an antivibration material has been coated on the clamp in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 7 is a front view of the antivibration clamp in FIG 6;
  • FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the object-holding portion 8 of the antivibration clamp in FIG. 6;
  • FIG. 9 is a top plan view of a clamp according to a second embodiment of the present invention under the condition before an antivibration material is coated thereon;
  • FIG. 10 is a front view of the clamp of FIG 9;
  • FIG. I 1 is a view showing the detail of the circle I of the clamp in FIG. 9;
  • FIG. 12 is a perspective view of the object-holding portion 8 of the clamp in FIG. 9;
  • FIG. 13 is a top plan view of an antivibration clamp according to the second embodiment of the present invention under the condition after an antivibration material has been coated on the clamp in FIG 9;
  • FIG. 14 is a front view of the antivibration clamp in FIG. 13, and
  • FIG 15 is a perspective view of the object-holding portion 8 of the antivibration clamp in FIG 13.

With reference to the drawings, an antivibration clamp for various elongated objects, such as a fuel pipe, a brake oil pipe, or a wire harness, according to an embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 1-8. FIGS. 1 to 5 show a clamp 1 formed as a primary molded product, which has not been coated with a antivibration material. FIGS. 6 to 8 show an antivibration clamp 2, according to a first embodiment of the present invention, which is a secondary (final) molded product prepared by coating an antivibration material on the clamp 1 or the primary molded product in FIGS. 1 to 5. With reference to FIGS. 1 to 5, the primary molded product 1 will first be described.

In FIGS. 1 to 3, the primary molded product comprises a base 3, and a plurality of object-holding portions 5 to 10 supported by the base 3. The base 3 is formed with two anchor-leg clips 11 serving as devices to fix a clamp of the invention to a substrate or workpiece, such as an automobile body. The base 3, the object-holding portions 5 zu to 9 and the anchor-leg clips 11 are preferably integrally molded of hard resin to have high rigidity. The fixing device is not limited to an anchor-leg clip, but any other suitable type may be used. If the workpiece has a stud bolt standing thereon, the fixing device may be a stud engagement fastener. The object-holding portions 5 to 9 may be formed to have various sizes and shapes to hold various types of objects. The number and size of each of the object-holding portions may be freely selected depending on objects to be held.

Each of the object-holding portions 5 to 9 includes a curved wall 14 defining a recess 13 for receiving therein an elongated object, such as a pipe, and a resilient holding finger 17 extending obliquely from the top (upper end in FIG. 2) of the curved wall 14, or its vicinity, toward the recess 13 of the curved wall 14 to press against the outer surface of the elongated object, when received in the curved wall. While each of the object-holding portions 8 and 9 includes two of the resilient holding fingers 17 suitable for holding a large-diameter object, only one resilient holding finger 17 may be used if an adequate holding force can be obtained Each of the object-holding portions 5 to 9, except for the object-holding portion 8, has a conventional structure including the curved wall 14 and the resilient holding finger 17. In this conventional object-holding portion, when a pipe or the like is pushed into the recess 13 of the curved wall 14 from the side of the resilient holding finger 17, the end of the resilient holding finger 17 presses against the outer surface of the pipe or the like onto the inner wall surface 18 of the curved wall 14 to hold the pipe or the like. The object-holding portion 8 is designed for the present invention.

The object-holding portion 8 according to an embodiment of the present invention has a different shape from that of the conventional object-holding portions FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing the object-holding portion 8 in detail. As illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 5, in order to obtain a space for allowing opposite side surfaces of the object-holding portion to be coated with an antivibration material, the curved wall 14 of the object-holding portion 8 is preferably formed to be shorter than other curved walls, having the width W in the width direction (i.e., the length or longitudinal direction of an object to be held in the object-holding portion of FIG 1).

The curved wall 14 is supported by a plate-shaped support portion 19 standing upright from the base 3, in a manner similar to that in other object-holding portions, but the support portion 19 is different in that each of four corners is preferably formed with a hole 21 which allows a portion of antivibration material to flow thereinto in a process of molding and coating the antivibration material, so as to provide an increased fixing strength of the antivibration material to the object-holding portion

The inner wall surface 18 of the curved wall 14 is formed with a plurality (six in the illustrated embodiment) of elongated rigid ribs 22 protruding inward and extending in the width direction of the inner wall surface 18 8 while being spaced apart from each other in the circumferential direction of the curved wall 8. The ribs 22 are integrally formed with the inner wall surface 18. Thus, each of the ribs 22 has the same rigidity as that of the object-holding portion 8. The number of the ribs 22 and the respective positions of the ribs 22 on the inner wall surface 18 may be freely selected as long as an object received in the curved wall 14 is stably seated thereon.

As illustrated, in the embodiment the curved wall 14 is formed to have a half-circular cylindrical shape, and is formed with three pairs of ribs in such a manner that the pairs are arranged in parallel from the upper end toward the bottom surface of the curved wall 14 in opposed relation to one another, and no rib is arranged on the bottom surface. As a result, an object-holding portion 8, after an antivibration material is coated thereon, can stably support a pipe, for example, with reduced vibration transmission from the pipe to the base (or the base to the pipe).

The height of each of the ribs 22 is selectively determined such that an object, such as a pipe, can be stably seated thereon while preventing the size of the object-holding portion 8 from increasing excessively. Each of the ribs 22 includes a top portion having a length equal to the width W in FIG. 1 of the curved wall 14, and a root portion 23 on the inner wall surface 18 of the curved wall 14. In the embodiment, each of opposite ends of each rib 22 is tapered in such a manner that the length of the root portion 23 becomes shorter than the width of the curved wall. This shape of each rib 22 is shown in FIG. 4, which is a sectional view taken along the line 4-4 in FIG. 2.

The clamp 1 having the object-holding portion 8 formed with the ribs 22 is preferably formed as a primary molded product. The object-holding portion 8 of the clamp 1 formed as a primary molded product can then be coated with an antivibration material to obtain an antivibration clamp 2 according to the present invention The antivibration material 25 is selected from a certain soft material having a function of preventing an object held in the object-holding portion from being displaced in the axial direction For example, one typical material is thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)

As shown in FIGS. 6 to 8, the ribs 22 and the inner wall surface 18 of the curved wall 14 of the object-holding portion are coated with the antivibration material 25 made of soft resin. This antivibration material can be coated by either a two-color molding process or an insert molding process, for example, to reduce the assembly time and/or the number of the components. For example, a coating process can be performed using a mold surrounding the inner wall surface 18 of the curved wall 14 in the object-holding portion 8 of the clamp formed as a primary molded product. A certain soft resin suitable for antivibration is melted, and then the melted soft resin is solidified in the mold. The antivibration material 25 is coated on the entire curved wall including all of the ribs 22. The antivibration material 25 made of soft resin is firmly fixed on the curved wall portion 14 in the state where it covers the ribs 22 and enters into the tapered portions at the root portions 23 on opposite sides in FIG. 4. In addition, a portion of the antivibration material 25 entering the holes 21 of the support portion 19 is also fixed to the curved wall 14 to provide a strong fixing strength.

The antivibration clamp according to the present invention includes at least one antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion. Although a single antivibration material coated object-holding portion is provided in the antivibration clamp of this embodiment, a plurality may be provided.

When a pipe, for example, is inserted into the object-holding portion 8 coated with the antivibration material 25, the resilient holding finger 17 is bent. Then, after the pipe is received in the recess of the curved wall portion 14, the resilient holding finger 17 returns to its original position to press the outer surface of the pipe onto the inner surface 18 of the curved wall 14. The outer surface of the pipe is brought into contact with the antivibration material 25 to allow a high antivibration function to be achieved Further, the respective top portions of the ribs are brought into contact with the pipe through the antivibration material to hold the pipe with sufficient holding force in accordance with the rigidity of the ribs 22. The antivibration material 25 has the function of preventing the pipe held in the object-holding portion from being displaced in the axial direction of the pipe. Since the antivibration material 25 is coated on the elongated ribs 22 protruding from the inner wall surface of the curved wall 14, even if a strong force applied in the axial direction of the pipe, i.e., in the width direction of the curved wall, acts on the antivibration material as a peeling force, the antivibration material 25 firmly fixed to the inner wall surface 18 of the curved wall can resist peeling. A portion of the antivibration material entering into the holes 21 of the support portion 19 is strongly fixed to the curved wall 14 to reliably prevent peeling of the antivibration material.

FIGS. 9 to 15 show an antivibration clamp 27 according to a second embodiment of the present invention. The structure of the antivibration clamp 27 according to the second embodiment is different from that of the antivibration clamp 2 according to the first embodiment, in the following three points particularly:

First, a space 31 is formed between a curved wall 30 of an antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion 29 and a curved wall 14 of an object-holding portion 7 (and an object-holding portion 9) adjacent to the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion 29, to isolate the curved walls from one another, and an antivibration material 25A fills in the space 31.

Second, each of the outer surfaces of the adjacent curved walls 30 and 14 opposed to one another across the space 31 is formed with a protrusion 33, 34 in engagement with the antivibration material in the space 3 1.

Third, a through-hole 37 is formed between a base 3 and the bottom 35 of a recess 13 of the curved wall 30 of the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion 29 and extends in the width direction of the curved wall 30 (i e , in the longitudinal direction of a pipe or the like). The antivibration material 25A fills the through-hole 37.

Other aspects of the second embodiment are similar to those of the first embodiment. As illustrated in FIGS. 13 to 15, the antivibration clamp 27 according to the second embodiment comprises a base 3 made of hard resin, a plurality of object-holding portions 5, 6, 7, and 9 made of hard resin and supported by the base 3, and at least one antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion 29 coated with the antivibration material 25A. As with the antivibration clamp 2 according to the first embodiment, these object-holding portions 5, 6, 7, 9, 29 are integrally connected to the base 3.

More particularly, the antivibration clamp 27 according to the second embodiment is similar to the antivibration clamp 2 according to the first embodiment in the following three points:

First, as shown in FIGS. 9 to 12, the object-holding portions 5, 6, 7, 9, 29 and the base 3 are integrally formed as a primary molded product 38 using hard resin, and all of a curved wall 30, a resilient holding finger 17 and ribs 22 in the object-holding portion 29 and the base 3 are integrally formed as the primary molded product 38 of hard resin.

Second, as shown in FIGS. 13 to 15, in the object-holding portion 29 of the primary molded product 38, the curved wall 30 and the ribs 22 are coated with the antivibration material 25A to form the antivibration clamp 27 as a secondary (final) molded product.

Third, the antivibration material 25A is coated by either the two-color molding process or the insert molding process, for example.

As with the object-holding portion 9, the object-holding portion 29 includes a curved wall 14 defining a recess 13 for receiving therein an elongated object, such as a pipe, a resilient holding finger 17 extending obliquely from the top of the curved wall 14 or its vicinity toward the recess 13 of the curved wall to press against the outer surface of a pipe or the like, when received in the curved wall, and a plurality of elongated rigid ribs 22 protruding inward from the inner wall surface of the curved wall 14 and extending in the width direction of the curved wall portion 14 while being spaced apart from each other in the circumferential direction of the inner wall surface Each of the ribs 22 of the antivibration clamp 27 according to the second embodiment preferably includes a top portion (not shown) having a length equal to the width of the curved wall 14, and a root portion on the inner wall surface of the curved wall portion 14. Each of opposite ends of the rib 22 is tapered in such a manner that the length of the root portion becomes shorter than the width of the curved wall. This shape of the rib 22 is shown in FIG. 4, which is a sectional view taken along the line 4-4 in FIG 2. Further, as with the antivibration clamp 2 according to the first embodiment, the base 3 of the antivibration clamp 27 is formed with two anchor-leg clips 1 serving as fixing devices adapted to be fixed to a substrate, such as an automobile body.

The aforementioned differences from the antivibration clamp 2 according to the first embodiment will be described below in detail.

A space 31 is formed between the curved wall 30 of the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion 29 and the curved wall 14 of the object-holding portion 7 adjacent to the curved wall 30, to isolate the curved walls from one another. Another space 31 is formed between the curved wall 30 of the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion 29 and the curved wall 14 of the object-holding portion 9 adjacent to the curved wall 30, to isolate the curved walls from one another, and an antivibration material 25A fills the spaces 31 (see FIGS. 9 to 15). As illustrated in FIG. 15, the antivibration material 25A made of soft resin, such as TPE, fills the spaces 31 in the secondary molding process. The antivibration material 25A filling in the spaces 31 can prevent vibrations of a pipe or the like held in the object-holding portion 29 from transmitting to the curved walls 14 of adjacent object-holding portions 7 and 9, to provide further enhanced antivibration effect.

In some cases, a pipe or the like held in the object-holding portion 29 is likely to be vibrated in the pullout direction to deform or bend the resilient finger 17 Even in such a case, the soft-material-base antivibration material 25A filling in the spaces 3 1 allows the resilient holding fingers 17 pressing against the outer surface of the pipe or the like to be deformed or bent toward the spaces 31 while flexibly following the movement of the pipe or the like. This action can also absorb vibrations. The resilient holding fingers 17 capable of being bent toward the spaces 31 can reduce a force necessary for inserting a pipe or the like into the object-holding portion 29 to facilitate the insertion operation.

As illustrated in FIGS. 9 and 11, each of the outer surfaces of adjacent curved walls 30 and 14 opposed to one another across a space 3 1 is formed with a protrusion 33, 34. The protrusion 33 and the protrusion 34 are formed on the outer surface of the curved wall 30 and the outer surface of the curved wall 14, respectively. The protrusions 33 and 34 are formed at offset positions to prevent them from interfering with one another when the curved wall 30 is deformed or bent toward the space 31, or to prevent them from hindering the bending of the curved wall 30 or the bending of resilient holding finger 17 toward the spaces 31 The protrusions 33, 34 are intended to engage the antivibration material 25A introduced into the spaces 31 so as to allow the antivibration material 25A to be strongly joined with the curved wall 30 and the curved wall 14 The engagement between the antivibration material 25A and the protrusion 33 of the curved wall 30 and between the antivibration material 25A and the protrusion 34 of the curved wall 14 allows the antivibration material 25A to be strongly joined with the curved walls 30 and 14 so as to prevent peeling of the antivibration material 25A. The protrusions 33, 34 may be formed in any suitable shape allowing the antivibration material 25A to be strongly joined with the curved wall 30 and the curved wall 14. It is preferable to use a shape having a wedge-shaped edge 39, as shown in FIG. 11.

As shown in FIGS. 10 and 12, the through-hole 37 is formed between the base 3 and the bottom 35 of the curved wall 30 of the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion 29 to extend in the width direction of the curved wall 30 (i.e., in the longitudinal direction of a pipe, for example). The antivibration material 25A fills the hole 37. The through-hole 37 allows the bottom 35 to be readily deformed so as to prevent vibration transmission. Further, the antivibration material 25A can absorb vibrations to provide enhanced antivibration effect As shown in FIG 10, the hole 37 is designed to be thin and to have a length greater than the spacing of the arms of the curved wall 30. The hole 37 is designed to isolate the curved wall 30 from the base 3. However, the curved wall 30 is integrally connected to support portions 41 which extend from the base 3 at adjacent object-holding portions 7, 9. Thus, the connection strength between the curved wall 30 and the base 3 is maintained at a high level. Due to the presence of the hole 37, the antivibration clamp 27 does not include the support portion 19 and holes 21 in the object-holding portion 8 of the antivibration clamp 2 according to the first embodiment.

While preferred embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, it will be apparent that modifications can be made without departing from the principles of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
Schwingungsisolierende Klammer (1) zum Halten eines länglichen Objekts, beispielsweise eines Rohrs umfassend ein Objekthalterteil (8), das durch einen Unterbau (3) gestützt wird, und eine gekrümmte Wand (14) enthält, die eine Aussparung (13) zur Aufnahme eines zu klemmenden Objekts definiert, wobei die gekrümmte Wand (14) eine Mehrzahl von länglichen Rippen (22) aufweist, die von der gekrümmten Wand (14) nach innen vorspringen und von der Peripherie der gekrümmten Wand einen Abstand haben, wobei die Innenfläche (18) der gekrümmten Wand (14) und die Rippen (22) mit einem schwingungsisolierenden Material (25) beschichtet sind, das weicher ist als ein Material, aus dem die gekrümmte Wand und die Rippen gebildet sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass auch die entgegengesetzten Enden der Rippen (22) und die entgegengesetzten Seitenflächen der gekrümmten Wand (14) mit dem schwingungsisolierenden Material (25) beschichtet sind. Schwingungsisolierende Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Unterbau (3) und das Objekthalterteil (8) aus Hartharz hergestellt sind und sowohl die Wandinnenfläche (18) als auch die Rippen (22) der gekrümmten Wand (14) mit einem schwingungsisolierenden Material (25) aus Weichharz beschichtet sind, wobei die gekrümmte Wand (14) einstückig mit dem Unterbau verbunden ist und das Objekthalterteil (8) einen federnden Haltefinger (17) enthält, der sich schräg vom Oberteil (15) der gekrümmten Wand (14) oder dessen Umgebung in Richtung auf die Aussparung (13) der gekrümmten Wand (14) erstreckt, um gegen eine Außenfläche des länglichen Objekts zu drücken, wenn dieses in die gekrümmte Wand aufgenommenen ist. Schwingungsisolierende Klammer nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, wobei die gekrümmte Wand (14), der federnde Haltefinger (17), die Rippen (22) und der Unterbau (3) alle einstückig als ein geformtes Primärprodukt aus Hartharz gebildet sind und die gekrümmte Wand und die Rippen des geformten Primärprodukts mit dem schwingungsisolierenden Material (25) beschichtet sind. Schwingungsisolierende Klammer nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Unterbau (3) eine Fixiervorrichtung (11) umfasst, um die Klammer an einem Trägerkörper, beispielsweise einer Automobilkarosserie, zu befestigen. Schwingungsisolierende Klammer nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Unterbau (3) eine Mehrzahl von mit ihm integriert gebildeten Objekthalterteilen (5-9) enthält, wobei mindestens eines der Objekthalterteile als ein mit schwingungsisolierendem Material beschichtetes Objekthalterteil (29) gebildet ist, das mit dem schwingungsisolierenden Material (25A) beschichtet ist, wobei ein Zwischenraum (31) gebildet ist zwischen jeder der gekrümmten Wände (14, 30) des mit schwingungsisolierendem Material beschichteten Objekthalterteils (29) und einem Objekthalterteil (7, 9), das dem mit schwingungsisolierendem Material beschichteten Objekthalterteil (29) benachbart ist, um die gekrümmten Wände (14, 30) voneinander zu isolieren, und wobei das schwingungsisolierenden Material (25A) den Zwischenraum (31) füllt. Schwingungsisolierende Klammer nach Anspruch 5, wobei benachbarte gekrümmte Wände (14, 30) Außenflächen aufweisen, die relativ zum Zwischenraum (31) gegenüberliegend angeordnet sind, und mindestens eine der Außenflächen mit einem Vorsprung (33, 34) gebildet ist, der mit dem schwingungsisolierenden Material (25A) im Zwischenraum (31) in Eingriff steht. Schwingungsisolierende Klammer nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, die ein Durchgangsloch (37) enthält, das in der Breitenrichtung der gekrümmten Wand (30) zwischen dem Unterbau (3) und dem Unterteil (35) der gekrümmten Wand (30) des mit schwingungsisolierendem Material beschichteten Objekthalterteils (29) verläuft, wobei das schwingungsisolierende Material das Durchgangsloch füllt. Schwingungsisolierende Klammer nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei jede der Rippen (22) ein Oberteil enthält, dessen Länge gleich der Breite der gekrümmten Wand (14) ist, und ein Fußabschnitt (23) auf der Wandinnenfläche (18), wobei jedes der gegenüberliegenden Längsenden jeder Rippe (22) sich so verjüngt, dass die Länge des Fußabschnitts (23) kürzer ist als die Breite der gekrümmten Wand (14). Schwingungsisolierende Klammer nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die gekrümmte Wand (30) so auf den Unterbau (3) gestützt ist, dass zwischen der gekrümmten Wand und dem Unterbau Zwischenräume gebildet sind, die mit schwingungsisolierendem Material (25A) gefüllt sind.
Anspruch[en]
An antivibration clamp (1) for holding an elongated object, such as a pipe, comprising an object-holding portion (8) that is supported by a base (3) and includes a curved wall (14) defining a recess (13) for receiving an object to be clamped, the curved wall (14) having a plurality of elongated ribs (22) protruding inwardly from the curved wall (14) and spaced apart circumferentially of the curved wall the inner surface (18) of the curved wall (14) and the ribs (22) being coated with an antivibration material (25) that is softer than a material of which the curved wall and the ribs are formed, characterised in that also the opposite ends of the ribs (22) and the opposite side surfaces of the curved wall (14) are coated with the antivibration material (25). An antivibration clamp as defined in claim 1, wherein the base (3) and the object-holding portion (8) are made of hard resin, and both the inner wall surface (18) and the ribs (22) of the curved wall (14) are coated with an antivibration material (25) made of soft resin,

wherein the a curved wall (14) is connected integrally with the base, and the object-holding portion (8) includes a resilient holding finger (17) extending obliquely from the top (15) of the curved wall (14) or its vicinity toward the recess (13) of the curved wall (14) to press against an outer surface of the elongated object when received in the curved wall.
The antivibration clamp as defined in either one of claims 1 or 2,

wherein all of the curved wall (14), the resilient holding finger (17), the ribs (22) and the base (3) are integrally formed as a primary molded product of hard resin, and the antivibration material (25) is coated on the curved wall and the ribs of the primary molded product.
The antivibration clamp as defined in anyone of the preceding claims,

wherein wherein the base (3) includes a fixing device (11) to fix the clamp to a substrate, such as an automobile body.
The antivibration clamp as defined in anyone of the preceding claims,

wherein the base (3) includes a plurality of object-holding portions (5-9) integrally formed therewith, at least one of the object-holding portions being formed as an antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion (29) coated with the antivibration material (25A), a space (31) is formed between each of the curved walls (14, 30) of the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion (29) and an object-holding portion (7, 9) adjacent to the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion (29), to isolate the curved walls (14, 30) from one another, and the antivibration material (25A) fills the space (31).
The antivibration clamp as defined in claim 5, wherein adjacent curved walls (14, 30) have outer surfaces opposed to one another across the space (31), and at least one of the outer surfaces is formed with a protrusion (33, 34) in engagement with the antivibration material (25A) in the space (31). The antivibration clamp as defined in either one of claims 5 or 6, which includes a through-hole (37) extending in the width direction of the curved wall (30) between the base (3) and the bottom (35) of the curved wall (30) of the antivibration-material-coated object-holding portion (29), wherein the antivibration material fills the through-hole. The antivibration clamp as defined in anyone of the preceding claims, wherein each of the ribs (22) includes a top portion having a length equal to the width of the curved wall (14), and a root portion (23) on the inner wall surface (18), each of opposite longitudinal ends of each rib (22) being tapered in such a manner that the length of the root portion (23) becomes shorter than the width of the curved wall (14). An antivibration clamp as defined in anyone of the preceding claims, wherein the curved wall (30) is supported on the base (3) in such a manner that spaces are formed between the curved wall and the base, the spaces being filled with antivibration material (25A).
Anspruch[fr]
Collier antivibratoire (1) destiné à supporter un objet allongé, tel qu'une tuyauterie, comprenant une partie support d'objet (8) qui est supportée par une base (3) et comporte une paroi incurvée (14) définissant une cavité (13) afin de recevoir un objet à bloquer, la paroi incurvée (14) présentant une pluralité de nervures allongées (22) en saillie vers l'intérieur à partir de la paroi incurvée (14) et espacées circonférentiellement sur la paroi incurvée, la surface interne (18) de la paroi incurvée (14) et les nervures (22) étant revêtues par un matériau antivibratoire (25) qui est plus souple qu'un matériau dont sont formées la paroi incurvée et les nervures, caractérisé en ce que les extrémités opposées des nervures (22) et les surfaces latérales opposées de la paroi incurvée (14) sont aussi revêtues par le matériau antivibratoire (25). Collier contre les vibrations selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la base (3) et la partie support d'objet (8) sont réalisées en une résine dure, et à la fois la surface de paroi interne (18) et les nervures (22) de la paroi incurvée (14) sont revêtues par un matériau antivitratoire (25) constitué par une résine souple,

dans lequel la paroi incurvée (14) est reliée de manière unitaire à la base, et la partie support d'objet (8) comporte un doigt de maintien élastique (17) s'étendant à l'oblique à partir au sommet (15) de la paroi incurvée (14), ou à proximité de celle-ci, vers la cavité (13) de la paroi incurvée (14) afin de presser contre une surface externe de l'objet allongé lorsqu'il est reçu sur la paroi incurvée.
Collier contre les vibrations selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel l'ensemble de la paroi incurvée (14), du doigt de support élastique (17), des nervures (22) et de la base (3) est réalisé de manière unitaire sous la forme d'un produit principal moulé en résine dure, et le matériau antivibratoire (25) est déposé sur la paroi incurvée et les nervures du produit principal moulé. Collier contre les vibrations selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la base (3) comporte un dispositif de fixation (11) afin de fixer le collier sur un substrat, tel qu'une carrosserie automobile. Collier contre les vibrations selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une pluralité de parties de support d'objet (5 à 9) est formée de manière unitaire avec la base (3), au moins une des parties de support d'objet étant sous la forme d'une partie support d'objet revêtue de matériau antivibratoire (29) revêtue par le matériau antivibratoire (25A), un espace (31) est formé entre chacune des parois incurvées (14, 30) de la partie support d'objet revêtue de matériau antivibratoire (29) et une partie support d'objet (7, 9) adjacente à la partie support d'objet revêtue de matériau antivibratoire (29), afin d'isoler les parois incurvées (14, 30) l'une par rapport à l'autre, et le matériau antivibratoire (25A) remplit l'espace (31). Collier contre les vibrations selon la revendication 5, dans lequel des parois incurvées adjacentes (14, 30) présentent des surfaces externes opposées l'une par rapport à l'autre à travers l'espace (31), et au moins l'une des surfaces externes est formée avec une saillie (33, 34) en contact avec le matériau amortisseur (25A) dans l'espace (31). Collier contre les vibrations selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 ou 6, qui comporte un orifice traversant (37) s'étendant dans le sens de la largeur de la paroi incurvée (30), entre la base (3) et la partie inférieure (35) de la paroi incurvée (30) de la partie support d'objet revêtue de matériau antivibratoire (29), dans lequel le matériau antivibratoire remplit l'orifice traversant. Collier contre les vibrations selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel chacune des nervures (22) comporte une partie supérieure présentant une longueur égale à la largeur de la paroi incurvée (14), et une partie formant racine (23) sur la surface de paroi interne (18), chacune des extrémités longitudinales opposées de chaque nervure (22) étant inclinée d'une telle manière que la longueur de la partie formant racine (23) devient inférieure à la largeur de la paroi incurvée (14). Collier contre les vibrations selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la paroi incurvée (30) est supportée sur la base (3) d'une telle manière que des espaces sont formés entre la paroi incurvée et la base, les espaces étant remplis par un matériau antivibratoire (25A).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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