PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0932149 19.10.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000932149
Titel Verfahren und Vorrichtung zum Laminieren plattenförmiger Substrate
Anmelder KITANO Co.,Ltd., Komatsushima, Tokushima, JP
Erfinder Amo, Ltd., Mikuni c/o Kitano Engineering Co., Komatsushima-shi, Tokushima-ken 773-0008, JP
Vertreter BOEHMERT & BOEHMERT, 28209 Bremen
DE-Aktenzeichen 69933072
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 26.01.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 991013921
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 28.07.1999
EP date of grant 06.09.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.10.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse G11B 7/26(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B32B 37/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a method of and an apparatus for laminating disc-shaped substrates, particularly to a method of integrally laminating two disc-shaped substrates using an adhesive sheet and an apparatus for carrying out the method, namely, an apparatus for bonding the adhesive sheet body onto two disc-shaped substrates.

Computers, especially personal computers are remarkably popularized recently, and storage media to be used thereby, particularly capacity of a storage disc has been high dense and kinds of the storage media are increased. There are a magnetic disc, an optical disc (e.g., CD-ROM), an optical magnetic disc (e.g., MO), etc. as the storage disc. Among others, the demand of the optical disc as the storage disc has been increased recently.

Exemplifying an optical disc called as a DVD a disc-shaped substrate that is a single plate constituting the DVD is standardized to have a thickness of 0.6 mm and an outer diameter of 120 mm and an inner diameter of its central hole of 15 mm. Since such a thin disc-shaped substrate formed of a single plate is low in mechanical strength and is easily deformable, and in view of storage capacity, the disc-shaped substrates each having the same thickness (0.6 mm) are bonded onto each other to form an integrated substrate in a practical use thereof.

Such a high dense storage disc including a DVD is generally used as a laminated structure as set forth above, but not used as a single plate. In such a case, it is needless to say that both the upper and lower disc-shaped substrates are inevitably needed to be bonded onto each other.

A series of following processes or steps have been taken to manufacture an integrated storage disc (e.g. optical disc) by bonding two disc-shaped substrates (see Fig. 22), as in the following.

  • (1) a step of placing a lower disc-shaped substrate D1 on a holding table 2A;
  • (2) a step of coating an adhesive agent R made of UV cured resin to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1;
  • (3) a step of placing an upper disc-shaped substrate D2 on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 to overlay the former on the latter;
  • (4) a step of rotating the holding table 2A to develop the adhesive agent R interposed between the disc-shaped substrates D1 and D2 on the entire surfaces thereof; and
  • (5) a step of irradiating the developed adhesive agent made of UV cured resin with UV to cure the adhesive agent.

The storage disc is manufactured by the aforementioned steps, namely, the two disc-shaped substrates D1 and D2 are bonded onto each other to form a single integrated optical disc.

However in such a bonding method, since the adhesive agent is developed in a wider range by rotating the holding table, the adhesive agent is scattered outward by the centrifugal force. The periphery of the storage disc is made dirty by the spray of the adhesive agent or the adhesive agent is got scattered and lost and hence the using efficiency of the adhesive agent is lowered.

Further, there is a problem that the thickness of the adhesive layer is not at all uniform. Still further, there is another problem that the number of manufacturing steps increases to increase the manufacturing cost because of the necessity of the step of irradiating adhesive agent with UV to cure the adhesive agent.

Accordingly, there is studied a method of bonding two disc-shaped substrates using an adhesive agent without requiring the developing step of the adhesive agent as set forth above. In the bonding method using an adhesive agent, the adhesive agent is bonded onto one of two disc-shaped substrates to be bonded, thereafter the other disc-shaped substrate is overlaid on the disc-shaped substrate onto which the adhesive agent is bonded.

An adhesive agent is generally used in a state where it is bonded onto a sheeting, i.e. adhesive sheet body forming a base member, that is, a plurality of adhesive sheets or the adhesive agents are adhered to the adhesive sheet body. Accordingly, it is very ineffective to peel off the adhesive agent adhered to the adhesive sheet body one by one manually to bond or transfer it onto the lower disc-shaped substrate when two disc-shaped substrates are bonded onto each other. Further, fine air bubbles are liable to enter between the adhesive and the lower disc-shaped substrate when manually peeling off the adhesive agent. Still further, bonding operation of an adhesive agent need be automated to incorporate the bonding operation of the adhesive agent to the disc-shaped substrates into the laminating lines of the disc-shaped substrates so as to produce a series of laminating lines which are sequentially controlled as a whole. That is, it is inevitable to automatically bond the adhesive agent to the disc-shaped substrate to produce continuous laminating lines.

The present invention has been made to solve the aforementioned problems. That is, it is an object of the invention to provide a method of laminating disc-shaped substrates capable of automatically bonding an adhesive agent to the disc-shaped substrate very effectively and continuously, and an apparatus for carrying out this method.

It is another object of the invention to provide a method of laminating disc-shaped substrates capable of preventing air from entering between the adhesive and one substrate when bonding the disc-shaped substrates by the adhesive agent, and an apparatus for carrying out this method.

The inventors of the present application endeavored themselves to study the aforementioned problems and has found that release paper is peeled off from an adhesive agent bonded onto an adhesive sheet body and the exposed adhesive agent is bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate so as to sequentially bond the adhesive agent to the lower disc-shaped substrate, and thereafter has completed the invention.

A first aspect of the invention resides in a method of laminating disc-shaped substrates comprising preparing an adhesive sheet body S comprising a plurality of adhesive agents S2 each covered with a release paper S3, peeling off the release paper S3 from the adhesive sheet body S, positioning the adhesive sheet body S from which the release paper S3 is peeled off over a lower disc-shaped substrate D1, pressing the adhesive sheet body S to allow the adhesive agent S2 adhered to the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body S to bond or transfer onto a surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, peeling off the adhesive sheet body S from the adhesive agent S2 bonded onto the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, placing an upper disc-shaped substrate D2 on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, pressing the upper disc-shaped substrate D2 against the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, thereby bonding the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 and the upper disc-shaped substrate D2.

A second aspect of the invention resides in the method of laminating disc-shaped substrates comprising the steps of:

  • (1) preparing an adhesive sheet body S comprising a plurality of adhesive agents S2 each covered with a release paper S3;
  • (2) peeling off the release paper S3 from the adhesive sheet body S;
  • (3) positioning each adhesive agent S2 of the adhesive sheet body S over a lower disc-shaped substrate D1 using a positioning member;
  • (4) pressing the adhesive sheet body S from which the release paper S3 is peeled off against the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 to allow the adhesive agent S2 adhered to the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body S to bond onto a surface of the lower substrate D1 by moving a laminating member from one end of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 to the other end thereof;
  • (5) peeling off the adhesive sheet body S from the adhesive agent S2 bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 using a peeling member;
  • (6) placing an upper disc-shaped substrate D2 on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1; and
  • (7) pressing the upper disc-shaped substrate D2 against the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 to integrally laminate the disc-shaped substrates D1 and D2.

A third aspect of the invention resides in the method of further including a step of collecting the release paper S3 in the second aspect of the invention.

A fourth aspect of the invention resides in the method wherein the step of collecting the release paper S3 in the second aspect of the invention is performed using an adhesive tape having an adhesion relative to the release paper S3 which is greater than that of the adhesive agent S2 relative to the release paper S3.

A fifth aspect of the invention resides in the method wherein the step of (3) in the second aspect of the invention is performed in a state where a weak tension is applied to the adhesive sheet body S.

A sixth aspect of the invention resides in the method of laminating disc-shaped substrates of the second aspect of the invention, wherein the step of (3) is performed by inserting the tip end of a centering shaft 3 serving as the positioning member into a hole P of the adhesive sheet body S

A seventh aspect of the invention resides in the method wherein the adhesive sheet body S used in the step of (3) in the second aspect of the invention is slightly inclined relative to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

An eighth aspect of the invention resides in the method wherein the laminating member used in the step of (4) in the second aspect of the invention is a rolling laminating roller.

A ninth aspect of the invention resides in the method wherein the peeling in the step of (5) in the second aspect of the invention is performed by the peeling member that traverses over the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

A tenth aspect of the invention resides in the method wherein the peeling member in the ninth aspect of the invention peels off the adhesive sheet body S from the adhesive agent S2 while supporting the adhesive sheet body S in a state where the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 do not contact each other to keep a slight gap therebetween.

An eleventh aspect of the invention resides in the method wherein the peeling member in the ninth aspect of the invention has two support rods and the adhesive sheet body S is extended between these two support rods.

A twelfth aspect of the invention resides in the method wherein the peeling member in the ninth aspect of the invention peels off the adhesive sheet body S at an acute angle between the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

A thirteenth aspect of the invention resides in a method of laminating disc-shaped substrates comprising the steps of:

  • (1) preparing an adhesive sheet body S comprising a plurality of adhesive agents S2 each covered with a release paper S3;
  • (2) peeling off the release paper S3 from the adhesive sheet body S;
  • (3) positioning each adhesive agent S2 of the adhesive sheet body S over a lower disc-shaped substrate D1 by inserting the tip end of the positioning member into the hole P of the adhesive sheet body S;
  • (4) pressing the adhesive sheet body S from which the release paper S3 is peeled off to allow the adhesive agent S2 adhered to the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body S to bond or transfer onto a surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 by moving a rolling laminating roller from one end of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 to the other end thereof;
  • (5) peeling off the adhesive sheet body S from the adhesive agent S2 bonded onto the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 in the manner that the peeling member traverses while supporting the adhesive sheet body S in a state where the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 do not contact each other to keep a slight gap therebetween.
  • (6) placing an upper disc-shaped substrate D2 on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1; and
  • (7) pressing the upper disc-shaped substrate D2 against the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 to bond the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 and the upper disc-shaped substrate D2.

A fourteenth aspect of the invention resides in a laminating apparatus for laminating disc-shaped substrates comprising a holding table (2) to place a lower disc-shaped substrate D1 thereon, supporting members (tension rollers 5A, 5B) for extending an adhesive sheet body S therebetween at a given interval over the holding table (2), a centering shaft (3) for positioning the adhesive sheet body S, a laminating roller 1 for pressing the adhesive sheet body S against the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 to bond the adhesive sheet body S onto the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 while moving on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 from one end thereof to the other thereof, and a peeling member 4 for peeling off the adhesive sheet body S bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 from the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

A fifteenth aspect of the invention resides in the laminating apparatus wherein the centering shaft 3 in the fourteenth aspect of the invention comprises a second small diameter portion 32 that is inserted into a boss hole 21 of the holding table 2, a first small diameter portion 31 that is inserted into the hole P of the adhesive sheet body S , and a large diameter portion 33 that contacts the back surface of the adhesive sheet body S.

A sixteenth aspect of the invention resides in the laminating apparatus wherein the peeling member 4 in the fourteenth aspect of the invention comprises a base 41 that traverses and rolls, a leading support rod 43 and an angle restriction support rod 42 respectively provided at positions remote from the center of the base 41 by given intervals.

A seventeenth aspect of the invention resides in the laminating apparatus wherein the angle restriction support rod 42 of the peeling member 4 in the sixteenth aspect of the invention has an acute angle portion 42A by which the adhesive sheet body S is peeled off from the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 at an acute guiding angle α.

With the employment of the methods of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to the first to the twelfth aspects of the invention, the adhesive agent can be continuously and automatically bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate thereby making it possible to effectively bond the disc-shaped substrates.

  • Fig. 1 is a view showing how to bond an adhesive agent when laminating disc-shaped substrates;
  • Fig. 2 is a view showing how to bond the adhesive agent a relaxing state of the adhesive sheet body S;
  • Fig. 3 is a view showing how to bond the adhesive agent
  • Fig. 4 is a view showing how to bond the adhesive agent
  • Fig. 5 is a view showing how to bond the adhesive agent
  • Fig. 6 is a view showing how to bond the adhesive agent
  • Fig. 7 is a view showing how to bond the adhesive agent
  • Fig. 8 is a view showing how to bond the adhesive agent
  • Fig. 9 is a view showing how to bond the adhesive agent
  • Fig. 10(A), 10(B) and 10(C) are views showing operations of the centering shaft and the laminating roller, wherein Fig. 10(A) is a view showing the operations at the positioning time of the centering shaft relative to the adhesive sheet body, Fig. 10(B) is a view showing the operations at the contact between the laminating roller and the adhesive sheet body, and Fig. 10(C) is a view showing the operation when the laminating roller moves on the adhesive sheet body.
  • Fig. 11(A), 11(B) and 11(C) are views showing operations of the peeling member, wherein Fig. 11(A) is a view showing the state before the adhesive sheet body is extended, Fig. 11(B) is a view showing the state after the adhesive sheet body is extended, and Fig. 11(C) is a view showing the state where the adhesive sheet body is peeled off from the adhesive agent;
  • Figs. 12(A) and 12(B) are views showing a state where the adhesive sheet body is extended between the angle restriction support rod and the leading support rod, wherein Fig. 12(A) is a simplified front view and Fig. 12 (B) is a simplified side view;
  • Figs. 13(A) and 13(B) are views showing a state where the peeling member is rotated so s to form the adhesive sheet body in an inverse Z-shape wherein Fig. 13(A) is a simplified front view and Fig. 13 (B) is a simplified side view;
  • Fig. 14 is a view showing positions of each station;
  • Fig. 15 is a view of a lower disc-shaped substrate onto which the adhesive agent is bonded, wherein Fig. 13(A) is a side view and Fig. 13(B) is a plan view.
  • Fig. 16 is a view showing a manner for placing another lower disc-shaped substrate on an upper disc-shaped substrate which is placed on a holding table;
  • Fig. 17 is a view showing a state where two disc-shaped substrates that are placed on the holding table receive a pressing force;
  • Fig. 18 is a view showing an optical disc formed by laminating two disc-shaped substrates;
  • Fig 19 is a block diagram showing steps in the method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to the present invention;
  • Fig. 20(A), 20(B) and 20(C) are views showing the adhesive sheet body, wherein Fig. 20(A) is a front view, Fig. 20(B) is a side view, and Fig. 20(C) is a side view showing the state where the release paper is removed from the adhesive sheet body;
  • Fig. 21(A) is a view showing the shape of the adhesive agent and 21(B) is a view showing the shape of the release paper; and
  • Fig. 22 is a schematic view showing a conventional method of laminating disc-shaped substrates using an adhesive agent.

A method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to the present invention will be now described with reference to Figs. 1 to 9 showing the steps for bonding an adhesive agent S2 to a lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

Before explaining the present invention with reference to Figs. 1 to 9, an adhesive sheet body S, which is prepared for performing the present invention, is explained. The adhesive sheet body S comprises a carrier S1 formed of a longbase, adhesive agent S2 which is bonded onto the carrier S1 and formed of synthetic resin tape such as thin polyethylene and a release paper S3 temporarily bonded onto the surface of the adhesive agent S2 (See Fig. 1).

Fig. 20(A) is a front view of the adhesive sheet body S, Fig. 20(B) is a side view of the adhesive sheet body S and Fig. 20(C) is a side view showing a state where the release paper S3 is removed or peeled off from the adhesive sheet body S.

The adhesive agent S2 forms a fixed medium for integrally laminating the disc-shaped substrates D1 and D2 described later, and comprises a plurality of LP (long-playing record)-shaped sheets (or doughnut shape) (See Fig. 21(A)) each bonded onto the surface of the carrier S1 at regular intervals. There is employed a pressure sensitive adhesive agent as the adhesive agent S2 such as rubber-based adhesive agent, acrylic adhesive agent, silicon adhesive agent, and a vinyl adhesive agent. It is possible to select the optimum thickness of the adhesive agent S2 depending on the kind of optical disc to be designed.

The release paper S3 is temporarily adhered to the adhesive agent S2 to cover the adhesive agent S2 and has the same shape as that of the adhesive agent S2 (See Fig. 21(B)).

The adhesive sheet body S has many holes P each penetrating the carrier S1, adhesive agent S2 and the release paper S3 at the same time when it is manufactured. Each hole P is utilized for positioning the adhesive agent S2 relative to the holding table 2 using a centering shaft serving as a positioning member, described later. The release paper S3 is peeled off from the adhesive sheet body S when the adhesive sheet body S is supplied between a pressing body 1 and the holding table 2.

Described next is a flow or series of steps of bonding the adhesive agent S2 onto the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

Fig. 1 shows a method of bonding the adhesive agent S2 and an apparatus for laminating the adhesive sheet body S wherein the adhesive sheet body S is released and unwound from a first supply roller 8. Bonded matter such as dust is removed from the adhesive sheet body S by a cleaning roller 7 after the adhesive sheet body S unwound from the first supply roller 8. Thereafter, the adhesive sheet body S passes through a pitch feed roller 6, then it is supplied to a tension roller 5A provided upstream relative to the holding table 2 (hereinafter referred to as upstream tension roller 5A). The adhesive sheet body S that passed through the upstream tension roller 5A then passes through a space between the holding table 2 and a laminating roller 1 serving as a laminating member, and delivered to a tension roller 5B provided downstream relative to the holding table 2 (hereinafter referred to as downstream tension roller 5B).

The holding table 2 is installed on a rotary table T and it is moved right under the centering shaft 3 by the rotary motion of the rotary table T.

The lower disc-shaped substrate D1 has been already placed on the holding table 2. The adhesive sheet body S receives a pressing force between the holding table 2 and pressing body 1 so as to allow the adhesive agent S2 to be bonded onto the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 which is placed on the holding table 2 in a state where the adhesive sheet body S is extended between the upstream tension roller 5A and the downstream tension roller 5B. After the adhesive agent S2 is bonded onto the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, the adhesive sheet body S passes through the downstream tension roller 5B, then it is supplied to a feed roller 11.

The feed roller 11 is positively driven so as to move the adhesive sheet body S when necessary.

The adhesive sheet body S fed from the feed roller 11 is wound by a winding roller 13 through a hanging roller 12. Since the hanging roller 12 is hung from the adhesive sheet body S and it lowers when the adhesive sheet body S is fed from the feed roller 11. A detector 12A detects the lowering position of the hanging roller 12, and issues a detection signal. The winding roller 12 is rotated upon detection of the detection signal from the detector 12A so as to wind the adhesive sheet body S by a given amount. In the flow of the adhesive sheet body S as set forth above, the adhesive agent S2 is bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

Meanwhile, the adhesive sheet body S is supplied between the holding table 2 and laminating roller 1 in a state where the release paper S3 is removed from the adhesive agent S2 while the adhesive agent S2 is exposed on the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body S.

An adhesive tape L is used as means for removing or peeling off the release paper S3 from the adhesive sheet body S. Referring to the function of the adhesive tape L, as illustrated in Fig. 1, the adhesive sheet body S first unwound from the supply roller 8 has the adhesive agent S2 adhered to the lower surface thereof, and the release paper S3 is applied to the adhesive face of the adhesive agent S2.

The adhesive tape L that is supplied from a supply roller 9 has an adhesive face confronting the adhesive sheet body S (namely, it is provided on the front side thereof), and the adhesive face of the adhesive tape L opposes the release paper S3 of the adhesive sheet body S and they contact each other at a guide roller 81. The adhesive tape L and the adhesive sheet body S respectively pass through the guide roller 81, cleaning roller 7, pitch feed roller 6, upstream tension roller 5A, then they are pressed against each other. As a result, the adhesive face of the adhesive tape L is bonded onto the release paper S3 of the adhesive sheet body S.

After the adhesive sheet body S passes through the upstream tension roller 5A, the release paper S3 is peeled off from the adhesive sheet body S owing to adhesion of the adhesive tape L. When the adhesive tape L received the release paper S3, it is wound by a winding roller 10 so that the release paper S3 is collected. The reason why the release paper S3 is collected when it is separated from the adhesive sheet body S using the adhesive tape L is caused by the difference of adhesion, namely, the adhesion of the adhesive tape L relative to the release paper S3 is greater than that of the adhesive agent S2 relative to the release paper S3. That is, the adhesive tape L is needed to have adhesion relative to the release paper S3 which is greater than the peeling strength of the release paper S3 relative to the adhesive agent S2.

In such a manner, the release paper S3 is removed from the adhesive sheet body S that passes through the tension roller 5A and supplied between the holding table 2 and the laminating roller 1, and the adhesive agent S2 is exposed on the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body S.

Briefly referring to the laminating roller 1 serving as a laminating member having an important function according to the invention, it has a function to press the adhesive sheet body S to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 so as to bond the adhesive sheet body S to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

Accordingly, it is preferable that the laminating roller 1 is formed of a layer made of a flexible material at the outer periphery thereof, and has a heater built therein so that the entire laminating roller 1 can be heated and the heating can be adjusted. The width of the laminating roller 1 is designed to be slightly wider than that of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1. The laminating roller 1 can roll and move, by a driving apparatus (not shown), in parallel with the adhesive sheet body S while it presses the lower disc-shaped substrate D1. When the bonding of the adhesive sheet body S on the entire surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is completed, the laminating roller 1 is moved away from the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 and returns to the original position.

Meanwhile, the adhesive sheet body S is supported between the upstream tension roller 5A and the downstream tension roller 5B while the adhesive agent S2 formed of an LP (long-playing record)-shaped (doughnut shaped) sheet is provided at the lower surface thereof.

At this time if the lower end of the upstream tension roller 5A is slightly higher than that of the downstream tension roller 5B, the laminating can be performed in an excellent condition, described later. This is also important in technical point of view.

If the adhesive sheet body S is moved, the adhesive sheet body S that is supported by the tension rollers 5A and 5B is fed in a state where a given tension is applied to the adhesive sheet body S by the driving of the feed roller 11, as shown in Fig. 1.

Then, when the adhesive sheet body S is stopped, the downstream tension roller 5B is slightly moved so that the tension is scarcely applied to the adhesive sheet body S (initial state).

Subsequently, as shown in Fig. 3, the centering shaft 3 serving as a positioning member is lowered so that the adhesive sheet body S (precisely, adhesive agent) is positioned relative to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 by the projection (composed a first small diameter portion 31 and a second small diameter portion 32) provided on the tip end of the centering shaft 3.

Meanwhile, at the instant when the projection of the centering shaft 3 enters the hole P of the adhesive sheet body S when the centering shaft 3 is lowered, the upstream tension roller 5A is slightly retracted so as to apply the tension to the adhesive sheet body S. At this time, the downstream tension roller 5B is positioned as it is.

As mentioned above, when a slight tension is applied to the adhesive sheet body S, the adhesive sheet body S becomes in a stable state without being vibrated so that the first small diameter portion 31 of the centering shaft 3 can be accurately inserted into the hole P of the adhesive sheet body S.

Further referring to the positioning of the adhesive sheet body by the centering shaft 3, when the centering shaft 3 is lowered, the projection (first small diameter portion 31) provided at the lower end of a large diameter portion 33 is inserted into the hole P of the adhesive sheet body S, and the second small diameter portion 32 that is a part of the projection is engaged in a hole 21 defined in the boss (hereinafter referred to as a boss hole) of the holding table 2 (see Fig. 10A). At this time, the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 are positioned concentrically.

That is, the first small diameter portion 31 provided at the tip end of the centering shaft 3 is inserted into the hole P of the adhesive sheet body S, and the second small diameter portion 32 of the centering shaft 3 that is smaller than the first small diameter portion 31 in diameter is inserted into the central hole H of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 so that the centering shaft 3 is engaged in the boss hole 21.

Accordingly, the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 are positioned concentrically.

At this time, since the adhesive sheet body S is tightened, it is positioned over the upper end of the small diameter portion 31 and contacts the lower surface of the large diameter portion 33. Accordingly, the adhesive sheet body S does not contact the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 so that the adhesive agent of the adhesive sheet body S is accurately positioned right over the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

The adhesive agent is drawn through a small hole, not shown, provided on the holding table 2 and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is sucked and held by the holding table 2 without moving but remains positioned on the holding table 2.

When the adhesive sheet body S is disposed slightly inclined owing to the vertical relation between the upstream tension roller 5A and the downstream tension roller 5B, the adhesive sheet body S is tightened in an inclined state so that the first small diameter portion 31 provided at the tip end of the centering shaft 3 easily enters the hole P of the adhesive sheet body S.

Explaining the boss hole 21 provided on the holding table, a boss body, not shown, is installed slightly vertically in the boss hole 21.

Accordingly, when the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is placed on the holding table 2 in the previous step, not shown, the boss body protrudes from the boss hole 21 so that the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is positioned in advance relative to the holding table 2.

After the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is placed on the holding table 2, the boss body stands by while it is retracted at the innermost of the boss hole 21, leading no obstruction of the laminating operation of the adhesive sheet body S on the holding table 2.

Then, the laminating roller 1 that stands by at the upper portion of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is lowered to contact one end of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 that has been already positioned (see Fig. 4).

At this time, the centering shaft 3 completes its function, and hence it rises immediately to return to the original position (see Fig.5)

Subsequently as shown in Fig. 6, the laminating roller 1 rolls on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 (precisely on the adhesive sheet body S on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1) in the direction denoted by the arrow.

With the rolling operation of the laminating roller 1, the adhesive sheet body S is pressed against the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, and hence the contacting surface between the adhesive sheet body S and lower disc-shaped substrate D1 gradually enlarges.

Finally, when the laminating roller 1 passes the other end of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, the adhesive sheet body S is completely bonded onto the entire surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

In such a special pressing manner, the adhesive agent S2 adhered to the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body S is bonded (transferred) to the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 while air bubbles or the like is not mixed or puckering is not generated therebetween.

Meanwhile, the operations of the centering shaft 3 and the laminating roller 1 are described more in detail.

Figs. 10(A), 10(B) and 10(C) are views showing the operations of the centering shaft 3 and laminating roller 1.

As shown in Fig. 10 (A), the projection (second small diameter portion 32) of the centering shaft 3 is engaged in the holding table 2 and the adhesive sheet body S is positioned over the upper end of the first small diameter portion 31 of the projection in a state where the adhesive sheet body S is positioned. That is, the adhesive sheet body S is in a state it contacts the large diameter portion 33 of the centering shaft 3.

Further, since a slight tension is applied onto the adhesive sheet body S, the adhesive sheet body S does not contact the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, as mentioned above.

Then, as shown in Fig. 10 (B), the laminating roller 1 is lowered to contact one end of the laminating roller 1. At this time, although a part of the adhesive sheet body S is pressed against the end of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, the centering shaft 3 completes its function and moves away from the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 since the positioning of the adhesive sheet body S relative to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is completed by the centering shaft 3 at this time.

As shown in Fig. 10 (C), the laminating roller 1 rolls on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 while pressing the adhesive sheet body S relative to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1. The adhesive agent S2 formed of the LP-shaped (doughnut shaped) sheet is moved from one end of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 to the other end thereof in the manner that the bonded area between the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 gradually enlarges in the direction from one end to the other end of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

At this time, since the adhesive sheet body S is subsequently pressed against the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 so as to remove the air therebetween in an inclined state, air bubbles or the like does not enter between the adhesive agent S2 and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 and puckering is not generated therebetween. As a result, the adhesive agent S2 is uniformly bonded onto the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

Referring now back to Fig. 7, the laminating roller 1 rises and returns to the original position (denoted by two dotted and chain line) upon completion of the bonding of the adhesive sheet body S relative to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1. At this time, the adhesive agent S2 is in a state where it is bonded onto both the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, namely, in a state where the adhesive agent S2 is bonded onto both the carrier S1 of the adhesive sheet body S and the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1.

Then, as shown in Fig. 8, a peeling member 4 that is positioned downstream relative to the holding table 2 traverse over the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 placed on the holding table 2. Since the viscosity of the adhesive agent S2 relative to the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is greater than that relative to the carrier S1, the adhesive sheet body S and the adhesive agent S2 (precisely, the carrier S1 and the adhesive agent S2) are surely peeled off when the peeling member 4 traverses. Since the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is sucked and held by the holding table 2 as mentioned above, the peeling operation can be accurately performed.

The adhesive sheet body S is peeled off from the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 (precisely, the adhesive agent S2 on the lower disc-shaped substrate) and becomes free upon completion of the traverse of the peeling member 4.

The function of the peeling member 4 is now explained. The peeling member 4 comprises a rotating base 41 (rotating on its own axis) and two support rods respectively fixed to the base 41, and it is reciprocally movable so as to move across (traverse) over the holding table 2.

The two support rods comprise an angle restriction support rod 42 that is a fan-shaped rod body in cross section, and a leading support rod 43 that is a circular rod body having a small diameter. An arc of the fan-shaped rod body does not always conform to the shape formed in accordance with the length of the radius. The leading support rod 43 and the angle restriction support rod 42 are provided at positions remote from the center of the base 41 by given intervals.

The angle restriction support rod 42 supports the adhesive sheet body S in a state where the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 do not contact each other to keep a slight gap therebetween. The angle restriction support rod 42 has an acute angle portion 42A for peeling off the adhesive sheet body S while keeping an acute guiding angle α, that is acute (90 ° or less) relative to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1. The shape of the angle restriction support rod 42 is not limited to that set forth above, if it has the acute angle portion 42A.

To peel off the adhesive sheet body S from the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, the peeling member 4 is first rotated about 180 ° in a state where the adhesive sheet body S is interposed between the angle restriction support rod 42 and the leading support rod 43 (see Fig. 11 (A)), thereby forming the adhesive sheet body S in an inverse Z-shape (see Fig. 11 (B)). Preferably, the leading support rod 43 may be rotated in an over extent to assume a position where the acute angle portion 42A of the angle restriction support 42 affords the guide angle α. At this time, the adhesive sheet body S is extended between the angle restriction support rod 42 and the leading support rod 43.

Then, when the peeling member 4 is moved in parallel with the holding table or the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 so as to traverse over the holding table 2, the angle restriction support rod 42 of the peeling member 4 traverses in the manner that it supports the adhesive sheet body S in a state where the adhesive sheet body S and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 do not contact each other to keep a slight gap therebetween, and it is pulled up by the leading support rod 43. In this case, the adhesive sheet body S is peeled off from the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 at an acute angle relative to the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, namely, in a state where the former is positioned at an acute angle relative to the latter owing to an oblique plane 42U of the angle restriction support rod 42 (see Fig. 11 (C)).

The shape of the angle restriction support rod 42 is not limited to that set forth above, if it has the acute angle portion 42A, for example, Fig. 12 shows a modified example of the angle restriction support rod 42.

Figs. 12(A) and 12(B) are views showing a state where the adhesive sheet body S is interposed between the angle restriction support rod 42 and the leading support rod 43, wherein Fig. 12(A) is a simplified front view and Fig. 12 (B) is a simplified side view.

Figs. 13(A) and 13(B) are views showing a state where the peeling member 4 is rotated so as to form the adhesive sheet body S in an inverse Z-shape wherein Fig. 13(A) is a simplified front view and Fig. 13 (B) is a simplified side view.

In this modified example, the angle restriction support rod 42 is triangular in close section and has the acute angle portion 42A.

If the guiding angle α of the adhesive sheet body S is acute, the adhesive agent S2 of the adhesive sheet body S is uniformly peeled off without adhering to the carrier S1 of the adhesive sheet body S.

For example, if the guiding angle α is obtuse (90° or more), a part of the adhesive agent S2 is frequently adhered to the carrier S1 of the adhesive sheet body S.

The inventor of the application experimentally confirmed that the peeling operation is smoothly performed.

After the adhesive sheet body S is peeled off from the lower disc-shaped substrate D1, the holding table 2 installed on a rotary table T at the station X is quickly moved to the next station Y. That is, the holding table 2 at the first station X on which the adhesive agent S2 is bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 is moved to the next station Y (see Fig. 14). Thereafter, the peeling member 4 returns to the original position and becomes in the initial state shown in Fig. 2.

The adhesive agent S2 is bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 as described above, and hence the adhesive agent S2 is uniformly bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 as shown in Fig. 15.

In the next station Y, another upper disc-shaped substrate D2 is overlaid and placed on the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 onto which the adhesive agent S2 is bonded (see Fig. 16). Since the lower and upper disc-shaped substrates D1 and D2 that are overlaid on each other are not subjected to press application, they are not firmly laminated with each other. Accordingly, the holding table 2 is moved to a third station Z (see Fig. 14) where two disc-shaped substrates D1 and D2 are subjected to press application to be completely bonded onto each other.

Fig. 17 shows a state where the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 and upper disc-shaped substrate D2 that are placed on the holding table 2 are pressed against each other by a pressing body 100 (in this case, the holding table 2 rises). The pressing body 100 used here is hemispherical and formed of a flexible material. When the thus overlaid two disc-shaped substrates D1 and D2 receive the pressing force between the pressing body 100 and holding table 2, they are bonded strongly to each other.

Accordingly, the laminating roller 1 can press the upper disc-shaped substrate D2 in the manner that the contact portion (pressing portion) between itself and the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 increases gradually from the central portion to the outer portion (radially). As a result, air bubbles or the like is not contained between the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 and upper disc-shaped substrate D2. In the manner set forth above, the lower disc-shaped substrate D1 and upper disc-shaped substrate D2 are completely bonded onto each other, thereby forming a high quality optical disc (See Fig. 18).

Fig. 19 is a block diagram showing main laminating steps 1 to 6 of the 1 disc-shaped substrates.

Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiment, it is not limited to this embodiment but can be modified variously without departing from the spirit of the claim.

Concrete means used to carry out the method of laminating disc-shaped substrates is not limited to those in the preferred embodiment as illustrated in the accompanies drawings.

For example, the construction of the laminating roller used in the present invention may be of any type having no heating means therein. The moving direction of the laminating roller for pressing the adhesive sheet body onto the disc-shaped substrate may be left to right in addition to right to left shown in Fig. 6.

Further, the peeling member may be of any means for holding and stretching the release paper in addition to the peeling member as disclosed in the preferred embodiment.

With the arrangement of the method of laminating the disc-shaped substrates according to the present invention, the adhesive agent separated from the adhesive sheet body can be uniformly bonded onto the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate without containing air bubbles or the like and puckering is not generated therebetween. Different from the conventional method using UV cured resin, the developing step of the adhesive agent and the irradiating step of UV are respectively dispensed with, thereby reducing the manufacturing steps of the storage disc.

When two disc-shaped substrates are bonded to complete the optical disc, the thickness of the intermediate layer (adhesive agent layer) between two disc-shaped substrates can be easily changed by merely changing the thickness of the adhesive agent bonded onto the adhesive sheet body. It is possible to automate the bonding of the adhesive agent on one of disc-shaped substrates, thereby enabling the very effective sequential laminating steps. by merely changing the thickness of the adhesive agent bonded onto the adhesive sheet body.

The features disclosed in the foregoing description, in the claims and/or in the accompanying drawings may, both separately and in any combination thereof, be material for realising the invention in diverse forms thereof.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of laminating disc-shaped substrates comprising preparing an adhesive sheet body (S) comprising a plurality of adhesive agents (S2) each covered with a release paper (S3), peeling off the release paper (S3) from the adhesive sheet body (S), positioning the adhesive sheet body (S) from which the release paper (S3) is peeled off over a lower disc-shaped substrate (D1), pressing the adhesive sheet body (S) to allow the adhesive agent (S2) adhered to the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body (S) to bond or transfer onto a surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1), peeling off the adhesive sheet body (S) from the adhesive agent (S2) bonded onto the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1), placing an upper disc-shaped substrate (D2) on the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1), pressing the upper disc-shaped substrate (D2) against the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1), thereby bonding the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) and the upper disc-shaped substrate (D2).
  2. A method of laminating disc-shaped substrates comprising the steps of:
    • (1) preparing an adhesive sheet body (S) comprising a plurality of adhesive agents (S2) each covered with a release paper (S3);
    • (2) peeling off the release paper (S3) from the adhesive sheet body (S);
    • (3) positioning each adhesive agent (S2) of the adhesive sheet body (S) over a lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) using a positioning member;
    • (4) pressing the adhesive sheet body (S) from which the release paper (S3) is peeled off against the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) to allow the adhesive agent (S2) adhered to the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body (S) to bond onto a surface of the lower substrate (D1) by moving a laminating member from one end of the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) to the other end thereof;
    • (5) peeling off the adhesive sheet body (S) from the adhesive agent (S2) bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) using a peeling member;
    • (6) placing an upper disc-shaped substrate (D2) on the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1); and
    • (7) pressing the upper disc-shaped substrate (D2) against the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) to integrally laminate the disc-shaped substrates ((D1) and D2).
  3. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 2, further including a step of collecting the release paper (S3).
  4. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 3, wherein the step of collecting the release paper (S3) is performed using an adhesive tape having an adhesion relative to the release paper (S3) which is greater than that of the adhesive agent (S2) relative to the release paper (S3).
  5. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 2, wherein the step of (3) is performed in a state where a weak tension is applied to the adhesive sheet body (S).
  6. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 2, wherein the step of (3) is performed by inserting the tip end of a centering shaft (3) serving as the positioning member into a hole (P) of the adhesive sheet body (S)
  7. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 2, wherein the adhesive sheet body (S) used in the step of (3) is slightly inclined relative to the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1).
  8. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 2, wherein the laminating member used in the step of (4) is a rolling laminating roller.
  9. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 2, wherein the peeling in the step of (5) is performed by the peeling member that traverses over the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1).
  10. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 9, wherein the peeling member peels off the adhesive sheet body (S) from the adhesive agent (S2) while supporting the adhesive sheet body (S) in a state where the adhesive sheet body (S) and the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) do not contact each other to keep a slight gap therebetween.
  11. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 9, wherein the peeling member has two support rods and the adhesive sheet body (S) is extended between these two support rods.
  12. The method of laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 9, wherein the peeling member peels off the adhesive sheet body (S) at an acute angle between the adhesive sheet body (S) and the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1).
  13. A method of laminating disc-shaped substrates comprising the steps of:
    • (1) preparing an adhesive sheet body (S) comprising a plurality of adhesive agents (S2) each covered with a release paper (S3);
    • (2) peeling off the release paper (S3) from the adhesive sheet body (S);
    • (3) positioning each adhesive agent (S2) of the adhesive sheet body (S) over a lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) by inserting the tip end of the positioning member into the hole (P) of the adhesive sheet body (S);
    • (4) pressing the adhesive sheet body (S) from which the release paper (S3) is peeled off to allow the adhesive agent (S2) adhered to the lower surface of the adhesive sheet body (S) to bond or transfer onto a surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) by moving a rolling laminating roller from one end of the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) to the other end thereof;
    • (5) peeling off the adhesive sheet body (S) from the adhesive agent (S2) bonded onto the surface of the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) in the manner that the peeling member traverses while supporting the adhesive sheet body (S) in a state where the adhesive sheet body (S) and the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) do not contact each other to keep a slight gap therebetween.
    • (6) placing an upper disc-shaped substrate (D2) on the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1); and
    • (7) pressing the upper disc-shaped substrate (D2) against the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) to bond the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) and the upper disc-shaped substrate (D2).
  14. A laminating apparatus for laminating disc-shaped substrates comprising a holding table (2) to place a lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) thereon, supporting members (tension rollers 5A, 5B) for extending an adhesive sheet body (S) therebetween at a given interval over the holding table (2), a centering shaft (3) for positioning the adhesive sheet body (S), a laminating roller (1) for pressing the adhesive sheet body (S) against the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) to bond the adhesive sheet body (S) onto the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) while moving on the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) from one end thereof to the other thereof, and a peeling member (4) for peeling off the adhesive sheet body (S) bonded onto the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) from the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1).
  15. The laminating apparatus for laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 14, wherein the centering shaft (3) comprises a second small diameter portion (32) that is inserted into a boss hole (21) of the holding table (2), a first small diameter portion (31) that is inserted into the hole (P) of the adhesive sheet body (S) , and a large diameter portion (33) that contacts the back surface of the adhesive sheet body (S).
  16. The laminating apparatus for laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 14, wherein the peeling member (4) comprises a base (41) that traverses and rolls, a leading support rod (43) and an angle restriction support rod (42) respectively provided at positions remote from the center of the base (41) by given intervals.
  17. The laminating apparatus for laminating disc-shaped substrates according to Claim 16, wherein the angle restriction support rod (42) of the peeling member (4) has an acute angle portion (42A) by which the adhesive sheet body (S) is peeled off from the lower disc-shaped substrate (D1) at an acute guiding angle (α).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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