PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1332037 19.10.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001332037
Titel VERBESSERTER GREIFER ZUM HANDHABEN VON KUNSTSTOFF-VORFORMLINGEN
Anmelder Sipa S.p.A., Vittorio Veneto, IT
Erfinder ZOPPAS, Matteo, I-33074 Fontanafredda, Pordenone, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60122918
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 11.10.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 019935345
WO-Anmeldetag 11.10.2001
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/EP01/11748
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2002038353
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 16.05.2002
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.08.2003
EP date of grant 06.09.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.10.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 49/42(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B25J 15/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   B29C 31/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention refers to a particular kind of pick-up plugs, ie. those devices which are adapted to engage respective plastic preforms in view of supporting, orienting and carrying them throughout the various steps which the preforms themselves go through for further processing, in particular during the phases of temperature conditioning and blow moulding.

The term "pick-up plug" is a term taken from the technical parlance that is commonly used in the particular branch, where such other terms as "tournette", "mandrel", "preform holder", "carrier" are anyway also used to identify the same device.

Therefore, the use of the term "pick-up plug" in this context should not create any difficulty or confusion to those skilled in the art.

The task that a pick-up plug is required to perform lies in engaging a respective preform by getting inserted in it, and then support it, carry it through the various processing steps, and finally release it, at the end of a processing cycle, by slipping off from it.

When chains of pick-up plugs are used in blow-moulding installations, the number of such pick-up plugs is generally very large and this imposes, for obvious reasons of costs and reliability, an as simple construction as possible.

Pick-up plugs can be subdivided into two main categories, ie. inner-engagement devices and outer-engagement devices.

Pick-up plugs for inner engagement work by getting inserted in the neck portion of the preform, whereas pick-up plugs for outer engagement work by letting the neck portion of the preform into a portion thereof.

Generally speaking, the use of such pick-up plugs is connected with following problems and drawbacks:

  • the neck portions of the individual portions are actually variable in their size and quite often exceed the specified dimensional tolerance limits;
  • an insertion of pick-up plugs in preforms that are too small, out of tolerance or at the limit thereof, proves quite difficult, if not almost impossible to be carried out, since this would require a lot of strain with the risk of the preform breaking down,
  • too large preforms, out of tolerance or at the limit thereof, fall off during their transport.

All this involves real risks of shutdowns, and related downtimes, of the entire production plant, with serious and easily imaginable economic consequences.

Pick-up plugs are known in the art which are provided with an annular spring that is intended to ensure a firm grip of the preforms by slipping thereinto; such springs may be in a toroidal or a cylindrical shape.

These pick-up plugs, however, have following drawbacks:

  • the gripping force, ie. effect exerted by the spring depends to a considerable extent on the actual diameter of the preform; in fact, it may quite easily occur that such effect changes all too quickly from a condition of an inadequate or even non-existing grip in the case of a too large perform, to a condition of an excessively strong grip, and resulting stoppage due to jamming, in the case of too small a preform;
  • in the case of such a jamming or stoppage situation, the considerable axial insertion or disengagement thrust pushes the annular spring against the edges of the related housing, thereby increasing the force of friction opposing the contraction thereof (which would in fact enable the preform to move).

A penalty could furthermore be imposed by an effect deriving from the arc of the annular spring being squeezed , as this is illustrated schematically in Figure 1.

Devices based on the use of such annular springs, owing to the inherent nature thereof, do not allow for their axis to be maintained in position in an adequately accurate manner (the ring tends to move and get displaced in its housing) and, during the passage through the conditioning ovens, the preforms come in this way to rotate about an off-centre axis; this of course causes the preforms to undergo a non-symmetric heating effect.

All above cited drawbacks are referred to pick-up plugs for inner engagement of the preforms. In the case of pick-up plugs intended for outer engagement of the preforms, similar drawbacks are experienced, which should however be described in a reversed manner, owing to the different and symmetrical coupling intervening between an outer-engagement pick-up plug and the preform. However, since such a description is perfectly and readily imaginable by all those skilled in the art, it is intentionally omitted here for reasons of greater brevity.

Largely known in the art there are also inner-engagement pick-up plugs that make use of rings made of elastic polymeric material; although these pick-up plugs actually seem effective in reducing or doing away with some of the above cited drawbacks, they anyway still have a number of other drawbacks left that may be summarized as follows:

  • difficulty in obtaining a stable, constant quality, as well as adjustment and sizing difficulties,
  • sensitiveness of the polymeric material to the heat developed in conditioning ovens, under a resulting quick deterioration of the quality and the performance capabilities thereof,
  • need for an additional mechanical function to be provided to ensure compression and decompression of the annular elastomeric joint.

Also known in the art, eg. from the disclosure in US 4,678,425 in the name of Cincinnati Milacron Inc., there are pick-up plugs in which the function of engaging the respective preform is assigned to a cylindrical elastic portion of the pick-up plug to be inserted in the preform, as well as to an appropriate annular protuberance (bulge 70) provided on said elastic portion. However, this solution has some serious drawbacks, such as in the first place the utmost rigidity (in the sense of aptitude to comply) with respect to even very small variations in the inside diameter of the neck portion of the preform.

From US 4,483,436 a pick-up plug (so-called collet) is known, which is rotatably journalled within the bar so that it may be rotated to facilitate the even heating preforms; the lower end of each collet is provided with ball detents devices which are so associated with a retaining surface on each preform so as to effect a tight, but releasable holding of the preform able to perform a snap engagement with the relevant preform.

This is a type of pick-up plug whose drawbacks have already been described in the above comments relevant to the annular spring plugs, and therefore will not be repeated.

From US 4,487,568 a type of pick-up (carrier) is known, in which the preforms are clamped by a type of gripper assemblies 206, which are basically realised by opposing levers 232, 236 pivoted on relevant pivot pins; however this type of preform engagement results in a quite wearing and complicate assembly use.

From US 4,199,183 an internal gripper is known, provided with gripper fingers 58 extending outwardly and inclined so as to engage with the containers 24 and more particularly with the inner region of the slight step or ridge 92 adjacent to the top of the container.

This kind of gripper too requires a very complicate way of use as said fingers have to be independently controlled in each time of operation by proper corresponding mechanism.

In conclusion, currently employed pick-up plugs prove quite difficult to adjust and scarcely adaptable to the dimensional variations of the preforms; as a result, they give rise to reductions in the industrial efficiencies of the production plants using them, owing to frequent accidents occurring in the insertion or release of the preforms, or even during the transport thereof.

Moreover, the need arises for all pick-up plugs in a plant to be duly replaced whenever the type of preforms being processed is going to be changed, regardless of such preforms being more or less similar dimensionally to the previously processed ones.

Based on the above considerations, it is therefore desirable, and it is actually a main purpose of the present invention, to provide pick-up plugs, both of the inner-engagement and outer-engagement type, of a kind that is capable of automatically minimizing or doing away with the above mentioned drawbacks.

Furthermore, such pick-up plugs shall be capable of being easily implemented using readily available and, therefore, cost-effective materials and techniques.

Such an aim of the present invention, along with further features thereof, is reached in pick-up plugs of a kind that is made and operates as recited in the appended claims.

The present invention may take the form of a preferred, although not sole embodiment such as the one that is described in detail and illustrated below by way of non-limiting example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • Figure 1 is a conventional pick-up plug;
  • Figure 2 is an inclined outer perspective view of a pick-up plug generally according to the present invention;
  • Figure 2a is a median-section view of a portion of the pick-up plug illustrated in Figure 1;
  • Figure 2b is a view of the portion of pick-up plug illustrated in Figure 2a, in a particular condition and position thereof;
  • Figure 3 is a median-section view of a pick-up plug according to an improvement of the present invention;
  • Figure 4 is a perspective view of a component part of the pick-up plug illustrated in Figure 3;
  • Figure 4a is a cross-section view, orthogonally to the axis thereof, of the component part illustrated in Figure 4;
  • Figure 5 is a perspective view of a different component part of the pick-up plug illustrated in Figure 3;
  • Figure 6 is a plan side view of the component part illustrated in Figure 5;
  • Figure 7 is a schematised vectorial view of the forces acting on a preform that is firmly applied to a pick-up plug according to the present invention;
  • Figure 8 is a schematised vectorial view of the forces acting on a preform during the phases in which a preform is inserted in and released from a pick-up plug according to the present invention;
  • Figure 9 is a diagrammatical view of two curves representing the characteristic evolution of the values of elastic strength of two elastic members included in the pick-up plug according to the prior art (A) and the present invention (B), respectively;
  • Figure 10 is a median vertical section view of an outer-engagement type of pick-up plug according to the present invention;
  • Figure 11 is an enlarged view of a portion of the pick-up plug illustrated in Figure 10;
  • Figure 12 is a plan section view of the pick-up plug illustrated in Figure 10, as taken from the section plane B - B that is orthogonal to the axis of the pick-up plug.

With reference to the above listed Figures, an inner-engagement type of pick-up plug according to the present invention comprises a central body 1, on the outer cylindrical surface of which there are provided a plurality of groove-like recesses 2 that open radially outwards.

In each one of these groove-like recesses there is arranged a respective individual and independent gripping member 3 adapted to protrude outwards from the cylindrical surface of said central body.

In order to ensure that said gripping members are all able to at the same time expand radially outwards, thereby engaging the inner surface of the preform, each one of such gripping members is forced and pressed outwardly by a respective spring 4 that is provided in the gap existing between the inner wall 5 of each such gripping member and the face 6 looking towards the outside of the respective groove-like recess. As a result, each such groove-like recess holds both a respective gripping member and the related spring.

As illustrated in Figures 2 and 2a, the simplest possible embodiment involves a pick-up plug, in which on the edges of said groove-like recesses there are provided appropriate prominences 7, and the related gripping member is provided with corresponding appendices 8 in such a manner as to make it possible for said prominences 7 and said appendices 8 to engage each other under the action of the spring 4, wherein said gripping members are at the same time retained and prevented from disengaging by the respective groove-like recess.

Through an appropriate sizing of the various parts involved in relation to each other, the possibility is given for a pick-up plug to be provided, in which the engagement means enable the pick-up plug to be inserted under the action of just a small insertion force, even if the preforms to be so inserted may actually have some slight variations, ie. tolerances in the inside diameter thereof.

However, this solution still retains two of the afore described drawbacks, ie.:

  • a) the strain involved in the insertion of the preform may still prove quite considerable in the case of preforms with a reduced diameter, whereas when the same preforms must then be released, ie. removed therefrom, it is highly desirable that the ejection strain is as low as possible, anyway compatibly with the need for the preforms to be prevented from releasing and falling off accidentally, as this might for instance occur owing to vibrations or abrupt changes in the orientation thereof: these quite obviously are mutually contrasting requirements and the proposed solution does not solve such a contradiction;
  • b) when preforms having different inside diameters are processed, in order to allow for and take the largest inside diameter into due account, the need arises for the gripping member 3 to protrude by a distance h (see Figure 2b), which may actually prove excessive when preforms with a minimum diameter (as referred of course to the diameter of the body of the pick-up plug) are on the contrary handled, owing to the considerable interference that would derive therefrom; under such circumstances, the need would therefore still arise for the pick-up plugs to be each time replaced with conespondingly sized ones and this would in turn force the entire plant to be shut down and, as a result, put quite heavy a penalty on the overall productivity and efficiency thereof.

To the purpose of doing away with such drawbacks, the following described improvement is therefore adopted: with reference to Figures 3, 4 and 4a, the groove-like recess 2 is provided with a niche 22 at an extremity thereof, which preferably is the extremity oriented towards the edge 13 of the pick-up plug to be inserted in the preform, as this shall be explained in greater detail further on.

In correspondence thereto, also the gripping member 3 is so shaped as to provide an appendix 33 having following characteristics:

  • a) said appendix 33 is capable of being accommodated into a corresponding niche 22;
  • b) the sizing and the geometry selected for the appendix and the respective niche in relation to each other are such as to allow for a partial rotation of the gripping member 3 about an axis Y that is centred on said niche 22 and substantially orthogonal to both the axis X of the pick-up plug and the radial straight line R joining the centre of said niche with said axis X.

In substance, the gripping member is as if it were "hinged on" and constrained to rotate with its own appendix within the respective niche, so that no real physical pivot member actually exists, but the instant axis of rotation is determined by the constraint for the appendix to constantly remain inside the respective niche.

As far as the spring 4 is concerned, it is quite logically arranged so as to be able to act on to the free side of said gripping member; such a contrivance, along with other construction-related solutions, can be easily inferred, without any need for particular explanations, from the illustration in Figure 3.

The preferred geometry of the gripping member 3 is on the contrary illustrated in Figures 5 and 6.

Furthermore, in view of attaining the best possible stability of and centering effect in relation to the preform, said groove-like recesses and the respective gripping members shall be at least in the number of three and shall further be preferably distributed in a uniform manner along the outer surface of the pick-up plug.

Figures 4 and 4a illustrate the toroidal portion 12 of the pick-up plug, which comprises three groove-like recesses 2 as shown without the related gripping members.

As brought about in this manner, the positioning of the axis of rotation of the gripping members with respect to the friction zones of the preforms enables the so-called "harpoon effect" to be appropriately dosed, in the sense of facilitating the insertion of the preform and, on the other hand, hindering it from disengaging and falling off.

In a simplified manner, the above cited "harpoon effect" may be explained as follows: with reference to Figure 7, the gripping member 3 is represented by the segment OA, the preform is shown by the body 15, and the force acting on said gripping member 3 is the sole torque of rotation F (in fact, no other forces act on the gripping member 3 than those that are totally counterbalanced).

When the preform 15 is standing still, said rotating torque F acts on to the contact point A with a force G, which may be broken down into a force component G1, which is orthogonal to the contact wall 16 of the preform 15, and a tangential force G2, which has of course the same direction as the wall 16 that is so rectilinear.

Said force G2 would bring about a vertical displacement of the preform, which would be in turn opposed by a respective friction; however, since the preform is constrained to remain still, such a friction does not come about and said force is necessarily compensated.

When the preform is displaced vertically in the direction of insertion, as this is shown in Figure 8, on to the point A there is also applied the force T that opposes friction, and, if such a force is brought back to the extreme B of the force vector of the force G, an overall force vector of the forces G and T represented by S, ie. by the vector of the segment AD, will be obtained.

It can therefore be clearly appreciated that, during the insertion of the preform, the tangential force acting on the preform is given by the segment CD, which is obviously lower than the segment CB.

If the preform is at this point displaced vertically in the direction of disengagement, ie. release, as this is shown again in Figure 8, on to the point A there is also applied the force U, that adds up to friction, and if such a force is brought back again to the extreme B of the force vector of the force G, an overall force vector of the two forces G and U represented by Z, ie. by the vector of the segment AN, will be obtained.

It can therefore be clearly appreciated that, during the release of the preform, the tangential force acting on the preform is given by the segment CN, which is obviously higher than the segment CD.

Anyway, such a "harpoon effect", apart from the explanations of a technical nature that may be given in view of describing the working mechanism thereof, is a universally known fact as continuously verified by common experience.

A further advantageous improvement derives from the fact that the springs 4 are appropriately preloaded in such a manner as to obtain that said gripping members 3 are permanently forced, ie. biased into the outermost position, so that all preforms, which can be inserted in the central body of the pick-up plug, are at the same time capable of being engaged by said gripping members with a sensibly constant pressure and, within certain limits, regardless of their inside diameter.

With reference to the diagram illustrated in Figure 9, this can be noticed to include two curves showing the evolution of the pressure of the gripping member as a function of the inside diameter of a general preform, in which A is used to indicate the curve relating to the case of a non-preloaded spring 4, while B indicates a similar curve referred to the case of a pre-loaded spring: given the minimum and maximum deviations that are actually attainable by said diameter, it can be readily observed that, if the spring is selected in a correct manner with respect to said deviations, the minimum and maximum values, min and max respectively, (curve B) reached by the pressure of the spring are almost constant, and anyway significantly closer to each other, than the minimum and maximum values, MIN and MAX respectively, taken by the pressure of the non-preloaded spring (curve A).

The above described embodiment of the present invention allows for a number of further improvements: it has in fact been observed that the afore mentioned "harpoon effect" can be enhanced if the outer surface 9 of the gripping member 3 is so shaped as to feature a convex curvature towards the outside, as this is best shown in Figure 6; furthermore, with reference to Figure 3, it has similarly been found that, to the purpose of facilitating the insertion of preforms with a minimum inside diameter, it proves suitable for the outer surface 10 of the cylindrical portion of pick-up plug that is adjacent to said groove-like recesses and opposed to the insertion edge thereof, with respect to said groove-like recesses, to be in the shape of a frustum of cone or a flared shape.

A further advantageous embodiment of the present invention consists in providing said individual and independent gripping members 3, 103, at their extremity that is opposed to said respective terminal appendix 33 thereof, with a stop surface 14, 1014 that is adapted to move into abutting, as pushed by the spring, against a portion of the surface 10, 1010 of the central body 1, 101; said surface is of course located on the opposite side with respect to said terminal edge 13.

By suitably sizing and shaping the parts involved in the process, this enables the travel and, therefore, the excursion of said gripping member 3 towards the interior or, anyway, towards the neck of the preform to be limited; such a value may therefore be freely selected so as to ensure that the gripping member 3 protrudes to an adequate extent so as to be able to engage preforms whose neck is small down to a pre-established value, but not so small as to hinder the movement of or damage those preforms whose neck is larger or quite close to maximum value that still enables the preform to be applied to the pick-up plug.

It will be appreciated that all the related manners of construction and the various improvements are capable of being most readily figured out, adapted and implemented by those skilled in the art, who will not find any difficulty in interpreting the related numbering, which is similar to the numbering adopted for the equivalent parts of the preform for inner engagement; with reference to Figures 10, 11 and 12, which illustrate a pick-up plug for outer engagement, all considerations set forth above apply in general in an analogous manner, while the fact shall of course be taken into due account that the pick-up plug for outer engagement of the preform is substantially constituted by a central body 101 formed in the shape of an external crown that is provided internally with a cylindrical cavity in which the related preform is inserted and then firmly held.

On the inner cylindrical side of such a crown there are arranged both the groove-like recesses 102 and the gripping members 103, along with the elastic devices 104, in a manner that is substantially symmetrical with respect to what has been described above in connection with the afore considered cases. In fact, in this case both the groove-like recesses and the gripping members are directed inwardly, ie. towards the interior cavity in which the preform is inserted.

From the illustration in Figure 11 it can be readily inferred that, in the case of a pick-up plug for outer engagement of the preform, such a pick-up plug obviously engages, with its gripping members 103, corresponding portions of the outer surface of the preform and, as a result, also the related threads 30.

Those skilled in the art will therefore readily understand that the pick-up plug for outer engagement of the preform illustrated in Figures 10, 11 and 12 is substantially specular, as far as such functional members and parts as the recesses 102, the gripping members 103, the springs 104, the niches 122 and the related appendices 133, as well as the stop surfaces 1014 are concerned, to a pick-up plug for inner engagement of the preform, eg. of the type that has been illustrated and described earlier in this specification. As a matter of fact, the pick-up plug is a device comprising surfaces that are provided with appropriate means adapted to exert a controlled pressure against the walls of the neck portion of the preform, wherein such a controlled pressure is produced by the reaction of appropriate springs which, when they act from outside, press against the outer surface of the walls of said neck portion, whereas, when they act from inside, they press against the respective inner surface. If such gripping means are applied from outside, they are supported in a corresponding carrier member that is generally defined as pick-up plug for outer engagement, or the like. If on the contrary such means are applied from inside, the respective carrier member is called by the name of pick-up plug for inner engagement, or the like. Anyway, all such means and members may be designed, made and described in an absolutely similar or equivalent manner.


Anspruch[de]
Aufnehmerstopfen mit Inneneingriff zum Tragen und Transportieren von Vorformen aus thermoplastischem Harz, der aufweist: - einen zentralen Körper (1), der eine zylindrische, äußere Oberfläche besitzt, die so angepasst ist, um innerhalb eines Vorform-Halses positioniert zu werden, - wobei der zentrale Körper (1) mit einer Mehrzahl von nutähnlichen Vertiefungen (2) versehen ist, die umfangsmäßig auf der zylindrischen Oberfläche davon angeordnet sind, wobei jede Vertiefung (2) eine Innenwand (6) und eine Öffnung zu der zylindrischen Oberfläche davon hin besitzt, - Eingriffsmittel und elastische Mittel, die innerhalb jeder Vertiefung (2) vorgesehen sind, - wobei die Eingriffsmittel durch einzelne und unabhängige Greifelemente (3) gebildet sind, wobei jedes Greifelement (3) eine innere Oberfläche (5), die gegen die elastischen Mittel anstäßt, und eine äußere Oberfläche (9), die so angepasst ist, um über die zylindrische Oberfläche hinaus vorzustehen und gegen einen inneren Halsbereich der Vorform anzustoßen, besitzt, - wobei die elastischen Elemente durch jeweilige Federn (4) gebildet sind, die zwischen der Innenwand (6) einer jeweiligen nutähnlichen Vertiefung und der entsprechenden gegenüberliegenden innere Oberfläche (5) eines jeweiligen, einzelnen und unabhängigen Greifelements (3) wirken, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die nutähnlichen Vertiefungen mit einer jeweiligen Nische (22) versehen sind, die so angepasst ist, um einen Anschluss-Ansatz (33) eines jeweiligen einen der einzelnen und unabhängigen Greifelemente (3) aufzunehmen, so dass das jeweilige Greifelement (3) so angepasst ist, um sich teilweise um den Anschluss-Ansatz (33) aufgrund davon zu drehen, dass er schwenkbar in der jeweiligen einen der Nischen (22) aufgenommen ist. Aufnehmerstopfen mit Außeneingriff zum Tragen und Transportieren von Vorformen aus thermoplastischem Harz, der aufweist: - einen zylindrischen, hohlen, zentralen Körper (101), der eine zylindrische, innere Oberfläche besitzt, die so angepasst ist, um über einen Vorform-Hals außen eingesetzt zu werden, - wobei der zylindrische, hohle, zentrale Körper (101) mit einer Mehrzahl von nutähnlichen Vertiefungen (102) versehen ist, die umfangsmäßig auf der zylindrischen, inneren Oberfläche davon angeordnet sind, wobei jede Vertiefung (102) eine Innenwand und eine Öffnung zu der zylindrischen, inneren Oberfläche davon hin besitzt, - Eingriffsmittel und elastische Mittel, die innerhalb jeder Vertiefung (102) vorgesehen sind, - wobei die Eingriffsmittel durch einzelne und unabhängige Greifelemente (103) gebildet sind, wobei jedes Greifelement (103) eine innere Oberfläche, die gegen die elastischen Mittel anstößt, und eine äußere Oberfläche (109), die so angepasst ist, um über die zylindrische, innere Oberfläche hinaus vorzustehen und gegen einen äußeren Halsbereich der Vorform anzustoßen, besitzt, - wobei die elastischen Elemente durch jeweilige Federn (104) gebildet sind, die zwischen der Innenwand einer jeweiligen nutähnlichen Vertiefung und der entsprechenden gegenüberliegenden inneren Oberfläche eines jeweiligen einzelnen und unabhängigen Greifelements (103) wirken, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die nutähnlichen Vertiefungen mit einer jeweiligen Nische (122) versehen sind, die so angepasst ist, um einen Anschluss-Ansatz (133) eines jeweiligen einen der einzelnen und unabhängigen Greifelemente (103) aufzunehmen, so dass das jeweilige Greifelement (103) so angepasst ist, um sich teilweise um den Anschluss-Ansatz (133) aufgrund davon zu drehen, dass er schwenkbar in der jeweiligen einen der Nischen (122) zurückgehalten ist. Aufnehmerstopfen nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens drei der nutähnlichen Vertiefungen und der entsprechenden einzelnen und unabhängigen Greifelemente vorhanden sind. Aufnehmerstopfen nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elastischen Elemente (4, 104) vorgespannt sind, so dass die einzelnen und unabhängigen Greifelemente (3, 103) dauerhaft zu dem Halsbereich der jeweiligen Vorform hin gedrückt werden. Aufnehmerstopfen nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Fläche (9, 109) der einzelnen und unabhängigen Greifelemente, die zu dem Halsbereich der jeweiligen Vorform hinweist, zumindest teilweise eine konvexe Krümmung besitzt. Aufnehmerstopfen nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche oder irgendeiner Kombination davon, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die einzelnen und unabhängigen Greifelemente (3, 103), an deren Extremität, die gegenüberliegend zu dem jeweiligen Anschluss-Ansatz (33, 133) davon liegt, mit einer Anschlagfläche (14, 1014) versehen sind, die so angepasst ist, um, an einer vorbestimmten Position, durch den Bereich der äußeren Oberfläche (10, 1010) des zentralen Körpers (1, 101), angeordnet an der gegenüberliegenden Seite in Bezug zu der Anschlusskante (13), in Eingriff gebracht und angehalten zu werden.
Anspruch[en]
Inner-engagement pick-up plug for supporting and transporting preforms of thermoplastic resin, comprising: - a central body (1) having a cylindrical outer surface adapted to be positioned inside a preform neck, - said central body (1) being provided with a plurality of groove-like recesses (2) peripherally arranged on the cylindrical surface thereof, each recess (2) having an inner wall (6) and an opening towards the cylindrical surface thereof, - engagement means and elastic means being provided inside each recess (2), - said engagement means being constituted by individual and independent gripping members (3), each gripping member (3) having an inner surface (5) abutting against the elastic means and an outer surface (9) adapted to project beyond the cylindrical surface and to abut against a neck inner porion of the preform, - said elastic members being constituted by respective springs (4) acting between the inner wall (6) of a respective groove-like recess and the corresponding opposed inner surface (5) of a respective individual and independent gripping member (3), characterized in that said groove-like recesses are provided with a respective niche (22) adapted to accommodate a terminal appendix (33) of a respective one of said individual and independent gripping members (3), so that the respective gripping member (3) is adapted to partially rotate about the terminal appendix (33) owing to its being pivotally retained in the respective one of said niches (22). Outer-engagement pick-up plug for supporting and transporting preforms of thermoplastic resin, comprising: - a cylindrical hollow central body (101) having a cylindrical inner surface adapted to be inserted over a preform neck externally, - said cylindrical hollow central body (101) being provided with a plurality of groove-like recesses (102) peripherally arranged on the cylindrical inner surface thereof, each recess (102) having an inner wall and an opening towards the cylindrical inner surface thereof, - engagement means and elastic means being provided inside each recess (102), - said engagement means being constituted by individual and independent gripping members (103), each gripping member (103) having an inner surface abutting against the elastic means and an outer surface (109) adapted to project beyond the cylindrical inner surface and to abut against a neck outer porion of the preform, - said elastic members are constituted by respective springs (104) acting between the inner wall of a respective groove-like recess and the corresponding opposed inner surface of a respective individual and independent gripping member (103), characterized in that said groove-like recesses are provided with a respective niche (122) adapted to accommodate a terminal appendix (133) of a respective one of said individual and independent gripping members (103), so that the respective gripping member (103) is adapted to partially rotate about the terminal appendix (133) owing to its being pivotally retained in the respective one of said niches (122). Pick-up plug according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that there are at least three of said groove-like recesses and said corresponding individual and independent gripping members. Pick-up plug according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that said elastic members (4, 104) are preloaded, so that said individual and independent gripping members (3, 103) are permanently pushed towards the neck portion of the respective preform. Pick-up plug according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the face (9, 109) of said individual and independent gripping members that looks towards the neck portion of the respective preform has, at least partially, a convex curvature. Pick-up plug according to any of the preceding claims or any combination thereof, characterized in that said individual and independent gripping members (3, 103) are provided, at their extremity that is opposed to said respective terminal appendix (33, 133) thereof, with a stop surface (14, 1014) that is adapted to be engaged and stopped, at a predetermined position, by said portion of the outer surface (10, 1010) of the central body (1, 101) located on the opposite side with respect to said terminal edge (13).
Anspruch[fr]
Prise de retenue à engagement interne pour porter et transporter des préformes de résine thermoplastique, comprenant : - un corps central (1) ayant une surface externe cylindrique adaptée pour être disposée à l'intérieur d'un col de préforme, - ledit corps central (1) étant muni d'une pluralité d'évidements en forme de gorge (2) disposés de manière périphérique sur la surface cylindrique de celui-ci, chaque évidement (2) ayant une paroi interne (6) et une ouverture dirigée vers la surface cylindrique de celui-ci, - des moyens d'engagement et des moyens élastiques étant disposés à l'intérieur de chaque évidement (2), lesdits moyens d'engagement étant constitués par des éléments d'accroche individuels et indépendants (3), chaque élément d'accroche (3) ayant une surface interne (5) en butée contre les moyens élastiques et une surface externe (9) adaptée pour se projeter au-delà de la surface cylindrique et pour buter contre une portion interne du col de la préforme,

lesdits éléments élastiques étant constitués par des ressorts (4) respectifs agissant entre la paroi interne (6) d'un évidement en forme de gorge respectif et la surface interne opposée correspondante (5) d'un élément d'accroche (3) individuel et indépendant respectif (3),

caractérisée en ce que lesdits évidements en forme de gorge sont munis d'une niche (22) respective adaptée pour recevoir un prolongement terminal (33) d'un desdits éléments d'accroche (3) individuels et indépendants respectif, de sorte que l'élément d'accroche (3) respectif est adapté pour tourner partiellement autour du prolongement terminal (33) du fait qu'il est retenu de manière à pivoter dans l'une desdites niches (22) respective.
Prise de retenue à engagement externe pour porter et transporter des préformes de résine thermoplastique, comprenant : - un corps central creux cylindrique (101) ayant une surface interne cylindrique adaptée pour être insérée sur un col de préforme de manière externe, - ledit corps central creux cylindrique (101) étant muni d'une pluralité d'évidements en forme de gorge (102) disposés de manière périphérique sur la surface cylindrique interne de celui-ci, chaque évidement (102) ayant une paroi interne et une ouverture dirigée vers la surface cylindrique interne de celui-ci, - des moyens d'engagement et des moyens élastiques étant disposés à l'intérieur de chaque évidement (102), lesdits moyens d'engagement étant constitués par des éléments d'accroche individuels et indépendants (103), chaque élément d'accroche (103) ayant une surface interne en butée contre les moyens élastiques et une surface externe (109) adaptée pour se projeter au-delà de la surface cylindrique interne et pour buter contre une portion externe du col de la préforme,

lesdits éléments élastiques sont constitués par des ressorts (104) respectifs agissant entre la paroi interne d'un évidement en forme de gorge respectif et la surface interne opposée correspondante d'un élément d'accroche (103) individuel et indépendant respectif (3),

caractérisée en ce que lesdits évidements en forme de gorge sont munis d'une niche (122) respective adaptée pour recevoir un prolongement terminal (133) d'un desdits éléments d'accroche (103) individuels et indépendants respectif, de sorte que l'élément d'accroche (103) respectif est adapté pour tourner partiellement autour du prolongement terminal (133) du fait qu'il est retenu de manière à pivoter dans l'une desdites niches (122) respective.
Prise de retenue selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce qu'il y a au moins trois évidements en forme de gorge et trois éléments d'accroche individuels et indépendants correspondants. Prise de retenue selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que lesdits éléments élastiques (4, 104) sont préchargés, de sorte que lesdits éléments d'accroche (3, 103) individuels et indépendants sont poussés en permanence vers la portion de col de la préforme respective. Prise de retenue selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que la face (9, 109) desdits éléments d'accroche individuels et indépendants qui regarde en direction de la portion du col de la préforme respective a, au moins partiellement, une incurvation convexe. Prise de retenue selon l'une des revendications précédentes ou toute combinaison de celles-ci, caractérisée en ce que lesdits éléments d'accroche individuels et indépendants (3, 103) sont munis, à leur extrémité qui est opposée audit prolongement terminal (33, 133) respectif, d'une surface d'arrêt (14, 104) qui est adaptée pour être engagée et arrêtée, à une position prédéterminée, par ladite portion de la surface externe (10, 1010) du corps central (1, 101) située sur le côté opposé par rapport audit bord terminal (13).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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