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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1398478 19.10.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001398478
Titel Kraftstoffeinspritzsystem für eine Brennkraftmaschine
Anmelder Honda Giken Kogyo K.K., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Watanabe, Tsuguo, Wako-shi, Saitama, JP;
Nishioka, Osamu, Wako-shi, Saitama, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60308120
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 19.08.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 030188452
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.03.2004
EP date of grant 06.09.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.10.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse F02D 31/00(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse F02D 41/34(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine, and more particularly to a fuel injection system in an internal combustion engine in which respective fuel injection valves on the upstream and downstream sides have been arranged with a throttle valve interposed therebetween.

When the fuel injection valve is provided upstream from the throttle valve, the volumetric efficiency is improved because heat is taken from intake air when injection fuel vaporizes. Therefore, the engine output can be increased as compared with when the fuel injection valve is provided downstream from the throttle valve.

When, however, the fuel injection valve is provided on the upstream side, a response lag occurs in fuel transport as compared with when the fuel injection valve is provided downstream from the throttle valve because distance between the fuel injection port and a combustion chamber inevitably becomes longer.

There has been disclosed in, for example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open Nos. 4-183949 and 10-196440, a fuel injection system in which fuel injection valves have been provided upstream from and downstream from the intake pipe respectively with the throttle valve interposed therebetween in order to improve the engine output and cope with the response lag.

Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing a major portion of a conventional internal combustion engine in which two fuel inj ection valves have been arranged, and with the throttle valve 52 of the intake pipe 51 interposed, there have been arranged a first fuel injection valve 50a on the downstream side and a second fuel injection valve 50b on the upstream side.

When protecting an engine mounted with an electronic-controlled fuel injection valve thereon from over-speed, when restricting the engine output to an upper limit value, or when restricting the speed of a vehicle mounted with the engine concerned thereon to an upper limit speed, there has been known a technique for prohibiting an operation of the fuel inj ection valve or interrupting fuel supply by replacing with the thinned-out injection.

In an engine in which fuel injection valves have been provided on the upstream side and on the downstream side respectively with the throttle valve interposed therebetween, however, the distance between the fuel injection port of the fuel injection valve provided'on the upstream side and the cylinder becomes far to cause a response lag. For this end, there can be caused a so-called overshoot in which even though fuel injection may be restricted after it is detected that the process values such as the engine speed and the vehicle speed have reached the upper limit, these process values exceed the upper limit values. For this reason, in an engine equipped with the upstream fuel injection valve and the downstream fuel injection valve, the upper limit value had to be set to be lower than the original upper limit value.

It is an object of the present invention to solve the problem of the conventional technique described above, and to provide a fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine which has been arranged in such a manner that process values such as the engine speed, the vehicle speed or the engine output are accurately restricted at the upper limit values.

In order to achieve the above-described object, the present invention is characterized in that in a fuel inj ection system for an internal combustion engine equipped with an intake pipe equipped with a throttle valve, an upstream fuel injection valve provided upstream from the throttle valve and a downstream fuel inj ection valve provided downstream from the throttle valve, the following means have been employed.

  • (1) It is characterized in that there are provided means for detecting process values representing an operating state and a traveling state of the internal combustion engine, and means for restricting fuel injection due to each of the fuel injection valves when the process values have reached predeterminedupperlimitvalues, and that the upper limit values have been caused to differ between the upstream fuel injection valve and the downstream fuel injection valve.
  • (2) It is characterized by including:
    • means for detecting process values representing an operating state and a traveling state of an internal combustion engine; means for detecting whether or not the process values have reached quasi-upper limit values at this side of predetermined upper limit values; means for restricting, when the process values reach the quasi-upper limit values, fuel injection due to the upstream fuel injection valve; and means for restricting, when the process values reach the upper limit values, fuel injection due to the downstream fuel injection valve.

According to the above-described feature (1), since it is possible to stop the upstream fuel injection valve and the downstream fuel injection valve at different timing, if the stop timing is set in accordance with relative positional relationship of both, it will become possible to arbitrarily adjust fuel distribution within the fuel injection area.

According to the above-described feature (2), since in an upward course of the process values, fuel injection due to the upstream injection valve can be stopped earlier than the downstream injection valve, it is possible to prevent the overshoot of the process values resulting from response lag in the downstream injection valve.

Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • Fig. 1 is a general block diagram showing a fuel injection system according to one embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a functional block diagram for a fuel injection control unit 10;
  • Fig. 3 is a view showing one example of an injection rate table;
  • Fig. 4 is a flowchart showing a control procedure of fuel injection;
  • Fig. 5 is a flowchart showing high rotation/high vehicle speed FC handling;
  • Fig. 6 is a flowchart showing thinned-out injection handling;
  • Fig. 7 is a view showing an example of a thinned-outpattern;
  • Fig. 8 is a view schematically representing a shift method of the thinned-out pattern;
  • Fig. 9 is a flowchart showing output restriction FC handling;
  • Fig. 10 is a flowchart showing the FC determination handling; and
  • Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing a conventional internal combustion engine in which two fuel injection valves have been arranged.

Hereinafter, with reference to the drawings, the description will be made of a preferred embodiment of the present invention in detail. Fig. 1 is a general block diagram showing a fuel inj ection system according to one embodiment of the present invention, and on a combustion chamber 21 of the engine 20, there are opened an intake port 22 and an exhaust port 23. Each port 22 and 23 is provided with an intake valve 24 and an exhaust valve 25 respectively, and an ignition plug 26 is provided.

On an intake passage 27 leading to the intake port 22, there are provided a throttle valve 28 for adjusting intake air quantity in accordance with its opening &thetas;TH, a throttle sensor 5 for detecting the opening &thetas;TH and a vacuum sensor 6 for detecting intake manifold vacuum PB. At a terminal of the intake passage 27, there is provided an air cleaner 29. Within the air cleaner 29, there is provided an air filter 30, and open air is taken into the intake passage 27 through this air filter 30.

In the intake passage 27, there is arranged a downstream injection valve 8b downstream from the throttle valve 28, and on the air cleaner 29 upstream from the throttle valve 28, there is arranged an upstream injection valve 8a so as to point to the intakepassage 27, and there is providedan intake temperature sensor 2 for detecting intake (atmospheric) temperature TA.

Opposite to a crankshaft 33 coupled to a piston 31 of the engine 20 through a connecting rod 32, there is arranged an engine speed sensor 4 for detecting engine speed NE on the basis of a rotation angle of a crank. Further, opposite to a rotor 34 such as a gear which is coupled to the crankshaft 33 for rotation, there is arranged a vehicle speed sensor 7 for detecting vehicle speed V. On a water jacket formed around the engine 20, there is provided a water temperature sensor 3 for detecting cooling water temperature TW representing the engine temperature.

An ECU (Engine Control Unit) 1 includes a fuel injection control unit 10 and an ignition timing control unit 11. The fuel injection control unit 10 outputs, on the basis of signals (process values) obtained by detecting by each of the above-described sensors, injection signals Qupper and Qlower to each injection valve 8a, 8b on the upstream and downstream sides. Each of these injection signals is a pulse signal having pulse width responsive to the injection quantity, and each injection valve 8a, 8b is opened by time corresponding to this pulse width to inject the fuel. The ignition timing control unit 11 controls ignition timing of an ignition plug 26.

Fig. 2 is a functional block diagram for the fuel injection control unit 10, and the same symbols as in the foregoing represent the same or equal portions.

A total injection quantity determination unit 101 determines a total quantity Qtotal of fuel to be injected from each fuel injection valve 8a, 8b on the upstream and downstream sides on the basis of the engine speed NE, the throttle opening &thetas;TH and intake pressure PB. An injection rate determination unit 102 refers to an injection rate table on the basis of the engine speed NE and throttle opening &thetas;TH to determine an injection rate Rupper of the upstream injection valve 8a. An injection rate Rlower of the downstream injection valve 8b is determined as (1 - Rupper).

Fig. 3 is a view showing an example of the injection rate table, and in the present embodiment, an injection rate map is constituted with 15 items (Cne00 to Cnel4) as a reference as the engine speed NE, and with 10 items (Cth0 to Cth9) as a reference as the throttle opening &thetas;TH, and the injection rate Rupper of the upstream inj ectionvalve 8a is registered in advance at each combination of each engine speed NE and the throttle opening &thetas;TH. The injection rate determination unit 102 determines an injection rate Rupper corresponding to the engine speed NE and the throttle opening &thetas;TH that have been detected, by means of the four-point interpolation on the injection rate map.

Reverting to Fig. 2, a correction factor calculation unit 103 calculates a manifold air pressure correction factor Kpb, an intake temperature correction factor Kta and cooling water temperature correction factor Ktw and the like on the basis of process values such as the manifold air pressure PB, the intake temperature TA and the cooling water temperature TW, and further calculates a total correction factor Ktotal by integrating these all correction factors.

In an injection quantity correction unit 104, an accelerated increase in quantity correction unit 1041 increases and corrects the injection quantity of the downstream inj ection valve 8b for acceleration during acceleration. An injection quantity restriction unit 1042 restricts fuel injection due to each of the fuel injection valves 8a, 8b when the process values such as the vehicle speed and the engine speed have reached or approached predetermined upper limit values.

In an injection quantity determination unit 105, an upstream injection quantity determination unit 1051 determines injection quantity Qupper of the upstream injection valve 8a on the basis of the injection rate Rupper and the total injection quantity Qtotal. A downstream injection quantity determination unit 1052 determines the injection quantity Qlower of the downstream injection valve 8b on the basis of the upstream injection quantity Qupper and the total injection quantity Qtotal.

Next, with reference to a flowchart of Fig. 4, the description will be made of an operation of the fuel injection control unit 10 in detail. This handling is executed by interruption due to a crank pulse in a predetermined stage.

In a step S1, the process values such as the engine speed NE, the throttle opening &thetas;TH, manifold air pressure PB, intake temperature TA and cooling water temperature TW are detected by each of the sensors. In a step S2, in the total injection quantity determination unit 101, total quantity Qtotal of fuel to be injected from each fuel injection valve 8a, 8b on the upstream side and on the downstream side is determined on the basis of the engine speed NE, the throttle opening &thetas;TH and the intake pressure PB. In a step S3, in the injection rate determination unit 102, an injection rate table is referred to on the basis of the engine speed Ne and the throttle opening &thetas;TH, and an injection rate Rupper of the upstream injection valve 8a is determined.

In a step S4, when the vehicle speed has approached a predetermined upper limit speed, "High-rotation high-vehicle speed fuel cut (FC) handling" for restricting fuel injection of the upstream and downstream fuel injection valve 8a, 8b is executed.

Fig. 5 is a flowchart showing a procedure of the "High-rotation high-vehicle speed FC handling" , which is mainly executed by the injection quantity restriction unit 1042.

In a step S401, the present speed reducing ratio NEV (NE/V) is calculated on the basis of the engine speed NE and the vehicle speed V. In a step S402, the present gear position (or gear ratio) Pgear is discriminated on the basis of the speed reducing ratio NEV.

In a step S403, the upstream injection cut map (not shown) is referred to on the basis of the discrimination result of the gear position Pgear, and an upstream injection cut first number of revolutions NEuppfc1 corresponding to the present gear position Pgear is retrieved. The upstream injection cut first number of revolutions NEuppfc1 has been set in such a manner that as the gear position becomes higher, it becomes lower with the exception of cases at low gear positions (first gear or second gear).

In a step S404, the downstream injection cut map (not shown) is referred to on the basis of the discrimination result of the gear position Pgear, and an downstream injection cut first number of revolutions NElowfcl corresponding to the present gear position Pgear is retrieved. The downstream injection cut first number of revolutions NElowfc1 has also been set in such a manner that as the gear position becomes higher, it becomes lower with the exception of cases at low gear positions.

Since the upstream injection cut number of revolutions NEuppfc1 and the downstream injection cut number of revolutions NElowfc1 satisfy a relationship of NEuppfc1 < NElowfc1 if they are the same in the gear position Pgear, the upstream fuel injection valve 8a is always to be injection-cut prior to the downstream fuel injection valve 8b.

In a step S405, the upstream injection cut first number of revolutions NEuppfc1 retrieved in the step S403 is compared with the engine speed NE. If NE < NEuppfc1, the sequence will proceed to a step S406 because the injection cut on the upstream side is not required, and an upstream injection cut first flag Fuppfc1 will be reset. In contrast, if NE ≧ NEuppfc1, the sequence will proceed to a step S407 because the injection cut on the upstream side is required, and the first flag Fuppfc1 will be set.

In a step S408, the downstream injection cut first number of revolutions NElowfc1 retrieved in the step S404 is compared with the engine speed NE. If NE ≧ NEuppfc, the sequence will proceed to a step S409 to execute the "thinned-out injection handling". In this "thinned-out injection handling", it is determined on the basis of a predetermined thinned-out pattern whether or not fuel injection of each cylinder is prohibited.

Fig. 6 is a flowchart showing a procedure of the "thinned-out injection handling", and is mainly executed by the injection quantity restriction unit 1042.

In a step S451, the thinned-out pattern is selected on the basis of the gear position Pgear. Fig. 7 is a view showing an example of the thinned-out pattern prepared in advance for each above-described gear position Pgear, and in this case, bit 1 (normal injection) or bit 0 (FC) has been registered for each cylinder.

In a step S452, the thinned-out pattern is shifted only for the observed cylinder at this time. Fig. 8 is a view schematically representing a shift method of the thinned-out pattern, and in this case, since the observed cylinder is a fourth cylinder, the thinned-out pattern has been shifted by an amount corresponding to two cylinders (two bits) in the right direction in the drawing.

In a step S453, the bit of the observed cylinder is referred to on the thinned-out pattern after the shift, and if this has been set, in a step S454, a downstream injection cut first flag Flowfc1 is set. If the bit of the observed cylinder has not been set, in a step S455, the downstream injection cut first flag Flowfc1 will be reset.

When the "High-rotation/high-vehicle speed FC handling" is completed as described above, reverting to Fig. 4, in a step S5, when the engine output approaches a predetermined upper limit output, an "Output restriction fuel cut (FC) handling" for restricting the fuel injection of the upstream and downstream injection valves is executed.

Fig. 9 is a flowchart showing a procedure of the "Output restriction FC handling", and is mainly executed by the injection quantity restriction unit 1042.

In a step S501, the present speed reducing ratio NEV is compared with a lower limit speed reducing ratio NEVref1, and if NEV < NEVref1, the sequence will proceed to a step S502. In the step S502, the present speed reducing ratio NEV is compared with an upper limit speed reducing ratio NEVrefh, and if NEV > NEVrefh, the sequence will proceed to a step S503. In the step S503, the present engine speed NE is compared with a predetermined upstream injection cut second number of revolutions NEuppfc2 (fixed value), and if NE ≧ NEuppfc2, in a step S504, an upstream injection cut second flag Fuppfc2 is set (injection prohibited). In this respect, if any of the judgment in the steps S501 to S503 is negative, the sequence will proceed to a step S511, and the upstream injection cut second flag Fuppfc2 is reset (injection permitted).

In a step S505, the engine speed NE is compared with a predetermined downstream injection cut second number of revolutions NElowfc2 (fixed value) , and if NE ≧ NElowfc2, the sequence will proceed to a step S506 in order to cut also the downstream injection. Since the upstream injection cut second number of revolutions NEuppfc2 and the downstream injection cut second number of revolutions NElowfc2 have a relationship of NEuppfc2 < NElowfc2, even in this case, the upstream fuel injection valve 8a is always to be injection-cut prior to the downstream fuel injection valve 8b.

In a step S506, the engine load is discriminated, and if any other than non-load, the sequence will proceed to a step S507. In the step S507, a thinned-out frequency table (not shown) is referred to on the basis of the engine speed NE, and optimum thinned-out frequency of the downstream injection responsive to the engine speed NE is retrieved.

In a step S508, it is discriminatedwhether or not injection timing at this time is thinned-out timing, and if thinned-out timing, in a step S509, the downstream injection cut second flag Flowfc2 is set (injection prohibited). If any other than the thinned-out timing, in a step S510, the second flag Flowfc2 is reset (injection permitted).

Reverting to Fig. 4, in a step S6, "FC determination handling" for determining presence or absence of fuel injection cut on the upstream and downstream sides is executed on the basis of the handling results of each FC handling in the steps S4, S5.

Fig. 10 is a flowchart showing a procedure of the "FC determination handling", and in a step S601, the downstream injection cut first flag Flowfc1 is referred to, and if this has been reset, further in a step S602, the downstream injection cut second flag Flowfc2 is referred to. If this has also been reset, in a step S603, the downstream injection cut flag Flowfc is reset (injection permitted). In the steps S601, S602, if at least one of the first flag Flowfc1 and the second flag Flowfc2 has been set, in a step S604, the downstream injection cut flag Flowfc is set (injection prohibited).

In a step S605, the upstream injection cut first flag Fuppfc1 is referred to, and if this has been reset, further in a step S606, the upstream injection cut second flag Fuppfc2 is referred to. If this has also been reset, in a step S507, the upstream injection cut flag Fuppfc is reset (injection permitted). In the steps S605, S606, if at least one of the first flag Fuppfc1 and the second flag Fuppfc2 has been set, in a step S608, the upstream injection cut flag Fuppfc is set (injection prohibited).

Reverting to Fig. 4, in the step S7, the downstream injection cut flag Flowfc is referred to, and if this is in a reset state (injection permitted), in the step S8, the injection quantity Qlower of the downstream injection valve is calculated by adding, to a product of the total injection quantity Qtotal, the downstream injection rate (1 - Rupper) and the total correction factor Ktotal obtained by calculating by the correction factor calculation unit 103, a predetermined accelerated increase quantity value Tacc obtained by further calculating by the accelerated increase in quantity correction unit 1041 and invalid injection time TiVB. The accelerated correction quantity Tacc is calculated as a function of a rate of change of, for example, the throttle opening &thetas;TH and the manifold air pressure PB. The invalid injection time TiVB is a time period during which of the intake-valve opening time, complete injection of fuel is not involved, and is determined by type and structure of the fuel injection valve.

In contrast to this, if the downstream injection cut flag Flowfc has been set (injection prohibited) , in a step S9, the injection quantity Qlower is set to "0". That is, the injection on the downstream side is prohibited.

In a step S10, the upstream injection cut flag Fuppfc is referred to, and if this is in a reset state (injection permitted), in a step S11, the injection quantity Qupper of the upstream injection valve is calculated by further adding, to a product of the total injection quantity Qtotal, the upstream injection rate Rupper and the total correction factor Ktotal obtained by calculating by the correction factor calculation unit 103, invalid injection time TiVB.

In contrast to this, if the upstream injection cut flag Fuppfc has been set (injection prohibited) , in a step S12, the injection quantity Qupper is set to "0" . That is, the injection on the upstream side is prohibited.

According to the present invention, the following effects can be exhibited.

  • (1) Since it is possible to stop the upstream fuel injection valve and the downstream fuel injection valve at different timing, if the stop timing is set in accordance with relative positional relationship of the two, it will be possible to arbitrarily adjust fuel distribution within the fuel injection area.
  • (2) Since in an upward course of the process value such as the engine speed and the vehicle speed, fuel injection due to the upstream injection valve can be stopped earlier than the downstream injection valve, it is possible to prevent the overshoot of the process value resulting from response lag in the downstream injection valve.

Problem to be Solved: In an internal combustion engine in which fuel injection valves are arranged on the upstream side and on the downstream side of the throttle valve respectively, process values such as the engine speed and the vehicle speed will be caused to be accurately restricted at the upper limit value.

Solution: The total inj ection quantity determination unit 101 determines total quantity Qtotal of fuel to be injected from each fuel injection valve 8a, 8b of the upstream and downstream sides. The injection rate determination unit 102 determines an injection rate Rupper of the upstream injection valve 8a. In the injection quantity correction unit 104, the injection quantity restriction unit 1042 restricts fuel injection due to each of the fuel injection valves 8a, 8b when process values such as the vehicle speed and the engine speed reach or approach a predetermined upper limit value. The injection quantity determination unit 105 determines the injection quantity Qupper of the upstream injection valve 8a and the injection quantity Qlower of the downstream injection valve 8b.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine (20), having: an intake pipe equipped with a throttle valve (28); an upstream fuel injection valve (8a) provided upstream from said throttle valve (28); and a downstream fuel injection valve (8b) provided downstream from said throttle valve (28), comprising:
    • means (2, 3, 4, 5, 6) for detecting a process value representing an operating state or a traveling state of an internal combustion engine (20); and
    • means (1042) for restricting fuel injection due to each of said fuel injection valves (8a, 8b) when said process value reaches a predetermined upper limit value, characterized in that
    • said upstream fuel injection valve (8a) and said downstream fuel injection valve (8b) differ in an upper limit value at which said fuel injection is restricted.
  2. A fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine (20), having: an intake pipe equipped with a throttle valve (28); an upstream fuel injection valve (8a) provided upstream from said throttle valve (28); and a downstream fuel injection valve (8b) provided downstream from said throttle valve (28), comprising:
    • means (2, 3, 4, 5, 6) for detecting a process value representing an operating state or a traveling state of an internal combustion engine (20); means (2, 3, 4, 5, 6) for detecting whether or not said process value reaches a quasi-upper limit value at this side of a predetermined upper limit value;
    • means (1042) for restricting, when said process value reaches said quasi-upper limit value, fuel injection due to said upstream fuel injection valve (8a); and
    • means (1042) for restricting, when said process value reaches said upper limit value, fuel injection due to said downstream fuel injection valve (8b).
  3. The fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that said means (1042) for restricting said fuel injection stops fuel due to said upstream fuel injection valve (8a) and causes said downstream fuel injection valve (8b) to perform a thinned-out injection.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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