PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1525267 03.05.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001525267
Titel ANIONISCHE MONOAZOFARBSTOFFE
Anmelder Ciba Speciality Chemicals Holding Inc., Basel, CH
Erfinder LENNARTZ, Michael, 79539 Lörrach, DE;
WEISS, Sandra, 79541 Lörrach-Brombach, DE
Vertreter TER MEER STEINMEISTER & Partner GbR Patentanwälte, 81679 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 60312694
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 17.07.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 037662038
WO-Anmeldetag 17.07.2003
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/EP03/07770
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2004013233
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 12.02.2004
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.04.2005
EP date of grant 21.03.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 03.05.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse C09B 43/16(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse C09B 29/01(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   D21H 21/28(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to novel anionic monoazo dyes, a process for their preparation and the use of these dyes for dyeing natural or synthetic materials, in particular, paper.

Monoazo dyes based on coupling reactions of diazotised aromatic amines with 1,3,5-triazinyl-1-acid derivatives have previously been described, for example, in EP 548,795, solely in the form of reactive dyes for cotton.

WO, A, 9735925 discloses basic monoazo dyes containing an 1,3,5-triazinyl-I-Acid moiety.

Furthermore, in recent years, the use of concentrated aqueous solutions of dyes has gained importance because of the advantages possessed by such solutions when compared with dyes in powder form. The use of solutions avoids the difficulties associated with dust formation and releases the user from the time-consuming and frequently difficult dissolving of the dye powder in water. The use of concentrated solutions was also prompted by the development of continuous dyeing processes for paper, since it is convenient in these processes to meter the solution directly into the pulp stream or to add it at some other suitable point of the papermaking process.

Surprisingly, it has now been found that anionic dyes based on this chromophoric system are especially valuable for use in dyeing paper, since they possess highly desirable yellowish-red shades. Such shades of dyeings have, hitherto, only been attainable with difficulty, since no single dyestuff has been available and it has been necessary to incorporate mixtures of yellow and red dyes to obtain such shades. Furthermore, the dyes of the present invention exhibit high degrees of exhaustion under particular dyeing conditions, resulting in dyeings of exceptional brilliance not obtainable by the use of mixtures. In addition the dyes of the invention exhibit excellent water-solubility, thus enabling the ready preparation of concentrated liquid selling grades.

Accordingly, the invention relates to compounds of the formula in which

A
represents a 1- or 2-naphthyl residue, which is substituted by a total of one or two sulphonic

and/or carboxylic acid groups, preferably a 1- or 2-naphthyl mono- or disulphonic acid or a 1- or 2-naphthyl monocarboxylic acid residue,
R1
represents hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, each
D1 and D2,
independently of the other, represent either an amino acid residue resulting from removal of a hydrogen atom from the amino group of the amino acid or the residue

-NR2R3, in which each
R2 and R3,
independently of the other, represent hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl which is substituted by hydroxy, halogen or cyano, phenyl which is unsubstituted or monosubstituted by hydroxy, halogen, SO3H, C1-C4alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy or, alternatively,
R2 and R3,
together with the nitrogen atom to which they are connected, complete a saturated, 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain, in addition to the nitrogen atom, one nitrogen or oxygen atom and which may be further substituted and
n
is 0 or 1.

More preferred compounds of formula (1) are those in which

R1
represents hydrogen
D1 and D2,
independently of the other, is an amino acid residue resulting from removal of a hydrogen atom from the amino group of the amino acid and which is derived from glycine, alanine, serine, cysteine, phenylalanine, tyrosine (4-hydroxyphenylalanine), diiodotyrosine, tryptophan (&bgr;-indolylalanine), histidine ((&bgr;-imidazolylalanine), &agr;-aminobutyric acid, methionine, valine (&agr;-aminoisovaleric acid), norvaline, leucine (&agr;-aminoisocaproic acid), isoleucine (&agr;-amino-&bgr;-methylvaleric acid), norleucine (&agr;-amino-n-caproic acid), arginine, ornithine (&agr;,&dgr;-diaminovaleric acid), lysine (&agr;,&egr;-diaminocaproic acid), aspartic acid (aminosuccinic acid), glutamic acid (&agr;-aminoglutaric acid), threonine and hydroxyglutamic acid as well as mixtures and optical isomers thereof or from iminodiacetic acid, a residue

-NR2R3, in which each
R2 and R3,
independently of the other, represent hydrogen, C2-C4hydroxyalkyl, phenyl, which is unsubstituted or monosubstituted by SO3H or, alternatively, a morpholino, piperidino or pyrrolidino residue.

Especially preferred compounds of formula (1) are those in which

A
represents a 1-naphthyl-2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7- or 8-sulphonic acid, a 2-naphthyl-1-, 5-, 6- or 7-sulphonic acid, a 2-naphthyl-1-, 3- or 6-carboxylic acid, a 1-naphthyl-3,8- or 4,8-disulphonic acid or a 2-naphthyl-1,5-, 3,6-, 4,8- or 6,8-disulphonic acid residue and each
D1 and D2,
independently of the other, is an amino acid residue from which a hydrogen atom on the amino group has been removed and which is derived from glycine, alanine, serine, phenylalanine, aspartic acid (aminosuccinic acid) or glutamic acid (&agr;-aminoglutaric acid), a residue

-NR2R3, in which each
R2 and R3,
independently of the other, represent hydrogen, C2-C3hydroxyalkyl, phenyl, which is unsubstituted or monosubstituted by SO3H or, alternatively, a morpholino residue.

Most especially preferred compounds of formula (1) are those in which

A
represents a 1-naphthyl-2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7- or 8-sulphonic acid, a 2-naphthyl-1-, 5-, 6- or 7-sulphonic acid, a 2-naphthyl-1-, 3- or 6-carboxylic acid, a 1-naphthyl-3,8- or 4,8-disulphonic acid or a 2-naphthyl-1,5-, 3,6-, 4,8- or 6,8-disulphonic acid residue, most especially, when
n
is 0, a 2-naphthyl-6- or 7-sulphonic acid residue and, when
n
is 1, a 1-naphthyl-4-sulphonic acid, 2-naphthyl-6-sulphonic acid or a 2-naphthyl-1,5-disulphonic acid residue,
R1
represents hydrogen and both
D1 and D2
represent the group -NHCH2CH2OH.

The sulphonic and/or carboxylic acid groups present in compounds of formula (1) may be present either in the form of the free acid or in the salt form, SO3M and/or CO2M. M is preferably one equivalent of a colourless cation, typically lithium, sodium, potassium, ammonium or the protonated form of a C4-C12trialkylamine, C4-C12diamine, C2-C12-alkanolamine or of a polyglycol amine, conveniently, triethanolamine trisglycol ether, or mixtures of such cationic species.

M as a protonated C4-C12trialkylamine may, for example, be a protonated N-ethyl-dimethylamine, N,N-diethylmethylamine, tri-n-propylamine, tri-n-butylamine, tri-isobutylamine, and, preferably, triethylamine or triisopropylamine.

M as a protonated C4-C12diamine may, for example, be ethylenediamine, or 1,3-diaminopropane, in which one or both nitrogen atoms are additionally substituted by one or two C1-C4alkyl radicals, preferably methyl or ethyl radicals. M is preferably an N,N-dialkylethylenediamine or N,N-dialkyl-1,3-diaminopropane. Illustrative examples are: N-ethylethylenediamine, N,N-dimethylethylenediamine, N,N'-dimethylethylenediamine, N,N-diethylethylenediamine, 3-dimethylamino-1-propylamine or 3-diethytamino-1-propylamine.

M as a protonated C2-C12alkanolamine may be the protonated form of a monoalkanolamine, dialkanolamine, monoalkanolmonoalkylamine, monoalkanoldialkylamine, dialkanolalkylamine or trialkanolamine or a mixture of different protonated alkanolamines. Illustrative examples are: protonated 2-aminoethanol, bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine, N-(2-hydroxyethyl)dimethylamine, N-(2-hydroxyethyl)diethylamine, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylamine or tris(2-hydroxyethyl)-amine.

Within the scope of the definitions of R1 as C1-C4alkyl and R2 and/or R3 as C1-C4alkyl and/ or C2-C6alkyl which is substituted by hydroxy, halogen or cyano, these alkyl radicals may be branched or unbranched, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, 2-ethylbutyl, n-pentyl, isopentyl, 1-methylpentyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl or n-hexyl.

Similarly, C1-C4alkoxy may be, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec-butoxy, isobutoxy or t-butoxy.

Halogen in the above formulae and radicals is iodine, bromine, fluorine or, especially, chlorine.

The dyes of formula (1) of the invention may be prepared by known methods, for example by reacting the diazonium salt of an amine of the formula



        A-NH2     (2)



with either 2-amino- or 2-C1-C4alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-7-sulphonic acid (where n=0) or with 2-(4-amino- or 4-C1-C4alkylaminobenzoyl)amino- or C1-C4alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-7-sulphonic acid (where n=1), reaction with cyanuric chloride and subsequent sequential reaction of the dichloro intermediate with amines D1H and D2H or, alternatively,

reacting 2-amino- or 2-C1-C4alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-7-sulphonic acid (where n=0) or 2-(4-amino- or 4-C1-C4alkylaminobenzoyl)amino- or C1-C4alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-7-sulphonic acid (where n=1) with cyanuric chloride, followed by sequential reaction of the dichloro intermediate with amines D1H and D2H and, finally, reaction with the diazonium salt of the amine of formula (2), whereby A, D1, D2 and n are as previously defined, the latter procedure being preferred.

The dyes of the invention may be used to dye natural or synthetic materials, for example, cellulosic materials, carbonamide group containing materials such as polyamides, leather or glass fibres, but are particularly useful for dyeing paper. They are preferably used as a solid or liquid commercial form.

The pulverulent or granular form of the dye can be used particularly in batchwise pulp dyeing where the dye mixture, customarily in the form of a stock solution, is added in the pulper, in the beater or in the mixing chest. Preference is here given to using dye preparations which as well as the dye, may further include extenders, for example urea as solubilizer, dextrin, Glauber salt, sodium chloride and also dispersants, dustproofing agents and sequestrants, such as tetrasodium phosphate.

The present invention accordingly further provides solid dye preparations for dyeing paper comprising a compound of the formula (1) and, optionally, further auxiliaries.

The present invention further provides aqueous solutions, preferably concentrated solutions, for dyeing paper, comprising a compound of the formula (1), preferably in a concentration of from 5 to 30% by weight. Due to their excellent solubility in water, the dyes of formula (1) are particularly suitable for the preparation of such solutions.

The concentrated solutions preferably contain a low level of inorganic salts, which may be achieved, if necessary, by known methods, for example reverse osmosis.

The solutions may include further auxiliaries, for example solubilizers such as &egr;-caprolactam or urea, organic solvents, for example glycols, polyethylene glycols, dimethyl sulphoxide, N-methylpyrrolidone, acetamide, alkanolamines or polyglycolamines, which is a still further aspect of the invention.

In addition, the aqueous dye solutions of the present invention may be applied to paper by use of the so-called spraying technique.

The novel dyes of the invention dye paper in predominantly reddish shades with excellent degrees of exhaustion with high colour strength, whilst being sufficiently water-soluble to provide stable aqueous formulations without the need for large quantities of solubilizers. Furthermore, dyeings obtained exhibit high degrees of bleed- and light-fastness and are readily bleachable.

Furthermore, as a result of their high colour strength and water solubility, the novel dyes of the invention are suitable for use in the ink-jet printing method.

Consequently, one further aspect of the invention is paper, which is dyed with a compound of the formula (1), either in the form of a solid dye preparation, or an aqueous solution, as described above, as well as the use of the compounds of formula (1), according to the invention, for dyeing paper.

The following examples serve to illustrate the invention without intending to be restrictive in nature. Parts and percentages are by weight unless otherwise stated.

Examples (A) Synthesis of Intermediate Triazinylamino-I-acid Derivatives Example 1

36.9g of cyanuric chloride are dissolved in 185mi of acetone and added to 200g of ice water at 0°C. At an initial temperature of 0-5°C and, subsequently, at 20°C, 28.7g of ethanolamine are added drop wise with stirring, the pH being maintained at 5.5-6.5. After 2.5 hours, the temperature is increased to 40-50°C and the pH maintained at 6.5-7.0 by addition of a total of 164ml of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After a further 2 hours the consumption of sodium hydroxide ceases, the reaction mixture is stirred for a further 30 minutes, cooled to room temperature and the white suspension filtered. There are obtained 46.7g of the disubstituted intermediate which are suspended in 300g of water and treated with 47.9g of I-acid (7-amino-4-hydroxy naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid). The resulting beige suspension is heated to 85°C and the pH maintained at 3.0 by addition of a total of 94ml of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After stirring for 3 hours reaction is complete, the pH is adjusted to 5.5 by addition of a further 8ml of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, the suspension cooled to room temperature and the precipitated solids filtered. There are obtained 77g of the compound of formula (100a).

Example 2

36.9g of cyanuric chloride are dissolved in 185ml of acetone and added to 200g of ice water at 0°C. At an initial temperature of 0-5°C and, subsequently, at 20°C, 28.7g of ethanolamine are added drop wise with stirring, the pH being maintained at 5.5-6.5. After 2.5 hours, the temperature is increased to 40-50°C and the pH maintained at 6.5-7.0 by addition of a total of 164mi of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After a further 2 hours the consumption of sodium hydroxide ceases, the reaction mixture is stirred for a further 30 minutes, cooled to room temperature and the white suspension filtered. There are obtained 46.7g of the disubstituted intermediate which are suspended in 300g of water and treated with 71.7g of p-aminobenzoyl-I-acid (7-(4-benzoylamino)-4-hydroxy naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid). The resulting beige suspension is heated to 100°C and the pH maintained at 3.0 by addition of a total of 86ml of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After stirring for 6 hours reaction is complete, the pH is adjusted to 5.7 by addition of a further 16ml of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, the suspension cooled to room temperature and the precipitated solids filtered. After purification by washing with dilute hydrochloric acid, there are obtained 80g of the compound of formula (100b).

Examples 3 - 150

By proceeding in an analogous manner to that described in Examples 1 or 2, respectively, but replacing the ethanolamine by amines D1H and/or D2H, the following compounds of formula are obtained, as summarized in Table 1 below. <u>Table 1</u> Example Nr. Compound Nr. D1 D2 n 3 (101a) -NHCH2CH2OH -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 4 (101b) -NHCH2CH2OH -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 5 (102a) -NHCH2CH2OH -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 6 (102b) -NHCH2CH2OH -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 7 (103a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 8 (103b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 9 (104a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 10 (104b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 11 (105a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 12 (105b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 13 (106a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 14 (106b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 15 (107a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 16 (107b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 17 (108a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 18 (108b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 19 (109a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 20 (109b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 21 (110a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 22 (110b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 23 (111a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 24 (111b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 25 (112a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 26 (112b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 27 (113a) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 28 (113b) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 29 (114a) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 30 (114b) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 31 (115a) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 32 (115b) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 33 (116a) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 34 (116b) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 35 (117a) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 36 (117b) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 37 (118a) 0 38 (118b) 1 39 (119a) 0 40 (119b) 1 41 (120a) 0 42 (120b) 1 43 (121a) 0 44 (121b) 1 45 (122a) 0 46 (122b) 1 47 (123a) 0 48 (123b) 1 49 (124a) 0 50 (124b) 1 51 (125a) 0 52 (125b) 1 53 (126a) 0 54 (126b) 1 55 (127a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 56 (127b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 57 (128a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 58 (128b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 59 (129a) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 60 (129b) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 61 (130a) 0 62 (130b) 1 63 (131a) 0 64 (131b) 1 65 (132a) 0 66 (132b) 1 67 (133a) 0 68 (133b) 1 69 (134a) 0 70 (134b) 1 71 (135a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 72 (135b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 73 (136a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 74 (136b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 75 (137a) NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 76 (137b) NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 77 (138a) 0 78 (138b) 1 79 (139a) 0 80 (139b) 1 81 (140a) 0 82 (140b) 1 83 (141a) 0 84 (141b) 1 85 (142a) 0 86 (142b) 1 87 (143a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 88 (143b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 89 (144a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 90 (144b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 91 (145a) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 92 (145b) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 93 (146a) 0 94 (146b) 1 95 (147a) 0 96 (147b) 1 97 (148a) 0 98 (148b) 1 99 (149a) 0 100 (149b) 1 101 (150a) 0 102 (150b) 1 103 (151a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 104 (151b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 105 (152a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 106 (152b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 107 (153a) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 108 (153b) -NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 109 (154a) 0 110 (154b) 1 111 (155a) 0 112 (155b) 1 113 (156a) 0 114 (156b) 1 115 (157a) 0 116 (157b) 1 117 (158a) 0 118 (158b) 1 119 (159a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 120 (159b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 121 (160a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 122 (160b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 123 (161a) NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 124 (161 b) NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 125 (162a) 0 126 (162b) 1 127 (163a) 0 128 (163b) 1 129 (164a) 0 130 (164b) 1 131 (165a) 0 132 (165b) 1 133 (166a) 0 134 (166b) 1 135 (167a) -NHCH2CH2OH 0 136 (167b) -NHCH2CH2OH 1 137 (168a) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 0 138 (168b) -N(CH2CH2OH)2 1 139 (169a) NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 0 140 (169b) NHCH2CH(CH)3OH 1 141 (170a) 0 142 (170b) 1 143 (171a) 0 144 (171b) 1 145 (172a) 0 146 (172b) 1 147 (173a) 0 148 (173b) 1 149 (174a) 0 150 (174b) 1

(B) Synthesis of Dyes Example 151

4.5g of 2-naphthylamine-6-sulphonic acid are suspended in 150g of water and 5.7g of concentrated hydrochloric acid and the suspension treated with a total of 5ml of 4N aqueous sodium nitrite solution over 30 minutes at 0-5°C. The mixture is then stirred for a further 30 minutes and excess nitrite destroyed by addition of 3ml of 2N aqueous sulphamic acid solution. The resulting orange suspension is then added over 30 minutes at 10°C to a suspension of 11.3g of compound (100a) in 100g of water, the pH of which had previously been adjusted to 5.0 by addition of a small amount of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. During the addition, the pH is maintained at 5.0-5.5 by addition of a total of 27.9ml of 4N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After stirring for a further 1.5 hours at room temperature, the pH is adjusted to 8-9 to dissolve excess of the coupling component and the solution salted out by addition of 80g of sodium chloride. After stirring for a further 45 minutes, the resulting red suspension is filtered and the solids washed with a small quantity of water. After drying, there are obtained 8.2g of the compound of formula (175).

Example 152

11.2g of 2-naphthylamine-7-sulphonic acid are suspended in 250g of water and 14.2g of concentrated hydrochloric acid and the suspension treated with a total of 12.5ml of 4N aqueous sodium nitrite solution over 30 minutes at 0-5°C. The mixture is then stirred for a further 30 minutes and excess nitrite destroyed by addition of 1ml of 2N aqueous sulphamic acid solution. The resulting orange suspension is then added over 1 hour at 10°C to a suspension of 22.3g of compound (100a) in 50g of water, the pH of which had previously been adjusted to 5.5 by addition of a small amount of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. During the addition, the pH is maintained at 5.0-5.5 by addition of a total of 15.6ml of 4N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After stirring for a further 3 hours at room temperature, the pH is adjusted to 8-9 to dissolve excess of the coupling component and the solution salted out by addition of 150g of sodium chloride. After stirring for a further 15 minutes, the resulting red suspension is filtered and the solids washed with a small quantity of water. After drying, there are obtained 30g of the compound of formula (176).

Examples 153 -170

By proceeding in a manner analogous to that described in Examples 151 and 152, but replacing the 2-naphthylamine-6- or 7-sulphonic acid by an equivalent quantity of the appropriate amine, the following compounds of formula (4) are obtained, as summarized in Table 2 below. <u>Table 2</u> Example Nr. Compound Nr. A1 153 (177) 154 (178) 155 (179) 156 (180) 157 (181) 158 (182) 159 (183) 160 (184) 161 (185) 162 (186) 163 (187) 164 (188) 165 (189) 166 (190) 167 (191) 168 (192) 169 (193) 170 (194)

Example 171

2.3g of 1-naphthylamine-4-sulphonic acid are suspended in 100g of water and 2.9g of concentrated hydrochloric acid and the suspension treated with a total of 2.5ml of 4N aqueous sodium nitrite solution over 30 minutes at 0-5°C. The mixture is then stirred for a further 30 minutes and excess nitrite destroyed by addition of a small quantity of 2N aqueous sulphamic acid solution. The resulting suspension is then added over 35 minutes at 10°C to a suspension of 6.7g of compound (100b) in 100g of water, the pH of which had previously been adjusted to 6.0 by addition of a small amount of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. During the addition, the pH is maintained at 6.0-6.5 by addition of a total of 14.9mi of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After stirring for a further 1 hour at room temperature, 80ml of methanol and 45g of sodium chloride are added. Stirring is continued for a further 15 minutes, the resulting red suspension is filtered and the solids washed with a small quantity of water. After drying, there are obtained 7.5g of the compound of formula (195).

Example 172

4.95g of 2-naphthylamine-6-sulphonic acid are suspended in 100g of water and 5.7g of concentrated hydrochloric acid and the suspension treated with a total of 5.1 ml of 4N aqueous sodium nitrite solution over 30 minutes at 0-5°C. The mixture is then stirred for a further 30 minutes and excess nitrite destroyed by addition of a small quantity of 2N aqueous sulphamic acid solution. The resulting suspension is then added over 1 hour at 10°C to a suspension of 13.3g of compound (100b) in 100g of water, the pH of which had previously been adjusted to 5.5 by addition of a small amount of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. During the addition, the pH is maintained at 5.0-5.5 by addition of a total of 13.2ml of 4N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After stirring for a further 4 hours at room temperature, 250ml of methanol and 35g of sodium chloride are added. Stirring is continued for a further 30 minutes, the resulting red suspension is filtered and the solids washed with a small quantity of water. After drying, there are obtained 11.0g of the compound of formula (196).

Example 173

3.7g of 2-naphthylamine-1,5-disulphonic acid are suspended in 50g of water and 2.85g of concentrated hydrochloric acid and the suspension treated with a total of 2.Sml of 4N aqueous sodium nitrite solution over 30 minutes at 0-5°C. The mixture is then stirred for a further 1 hour and excess nitrite destroyed by addition of a small quantity of 2N aqueous sulphamic acid solution. The resulting suspension is then added over 40 minutes at 10°C to a suspension of 6.7g of compound (100b) in 100g of water, the pH of which had previously been adjusted to 5.0 by addition of a small amount of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. During the addition, the pH is maintained at 5.0-6.0 by addition of a total of 18.3ml of 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After stirring for a further 1 hour at room temperature, 150ml of methanol and 50g of sodium chloride are added. Stirring is continued for a further 30 minutes, the resulting orange suspension is filtered and the solids washed with a small quantity of water. After drying, there are obtained 8.2g of the compound of formula (197).

Examples 174 -190

By proceeding in a manner analogous to that described in Examples 171 -173, but replacing the 1-naphthylamine-4-sulphonic acid, 2-naphthylamine-6-sulphonic acid or the 2-naphthylamine-1,5-disulphonic acid by an equivalent quantity of the appropriate amine, the following compounds of formula (5) are obtained, as summarized in Table 3 below. <u>Table 3</u> Example Nr. Compound Nr. A1 174 (198) 175 (199) 176 (200) 177 (201) 178 (202) 179 (203) 180 (204) 181 (205) 182 (206) 183 (207) 184 (208) 185 (209) 186 (210) 187 (211) 188 (212) 189 (213) 190 (214)

Furthermore, by proceeding in a manner analogous to that described for the preparation of the above dyes but utilizing the intermediates (101a)-(174b) described in Table 1 together with the amines described in Examples 151-190, dyes of the corresponding formulae (4) and (5) may also be obtained.

(C) Application Examples Examples 191-195

A mixture consisting of 50% long fibre spruce sulphite bleached and 50% short fibre beech sulphite bleached fibres is suspended in deionised water, as a 2% suspension, and refined and beaten to 22°SR (Schopper Riegler). After dewatering by means of a centrifuge and testing for dry weight, the equivalent to 10g of dry fibre are placed in a beaker and made up to a volume of 500ml with tap water. After stirring for 1 hour, sufficient of the appropriate compound to produce a dyeing of 0.2 standard depth, based on the weight of dry fibre, as a 5g/l aqueous solution is added to the furnish suspension and stirring continued for a further 15 minutes. The suspension is made up to 700ml with water and from 300ml of the resulting suspension a hand sheet is produced using a Lhomargy sheet former. After drying on a cylinder at 90°C for 12 minutes, the CIELab coordinates and degrees of exhaustion of the dyes in the dyeings obtained are measured. The backwater ratings of the effluents are also assessed on a scale of from 1 (very highly coloured) to 5 (colourless backwater). The results are summarized in Table 4 below. <u>Table 4</u> Example Nr. Compound Nr. Concentration for 0.2 St.D. Degree of Exhaustion Backwater rating CIELab Coordinates H* 21.4 C* 49.6 191 (175) 0.57% 87-89% 3 L* 62.7 *a 46.2 *b 18.1 H* 27.9 C* 55.3 192 (176) 0.74% 94-96% 3-4 L* 65.4 *a 48.9 *b 25.9 H* 6.8 C* 43.5 193 (195) 0.82% 86-88% 3 L* 57.7 *a 43.2 *b 5.2 H* 23.5 C* 52.0 194 (196) 0.54% 98-99% 4-5 L* 64.3 *a 47.7 *b 20.8 H* 37.4 C* 56.5 195 (197) 1.1% 79-81 2 L* 69.2 *a 44.8 *b 34.3


Anspruch[de]
Verbindung der Formel worin A einen 1- oder 2-Naphtyl-Rest darstellt, welcher durch insgesamt ein oder zwei Sulfon- und/oder Carbonsäuregruppen substituiert ist, R1 jeweils Wasserstoff oder ein C1-C4-Alkyl darstellt, D1 und D2 unabhängig voneinander entweder einen Aminosäurerest, welcher von der Entfernung eines Wasserstoffatoms von der Aminogruppe der Aminosäure herrührt, oder den Rest-NR2R3 darstellen, worin ein jedes R2 und R3 unabhängig voneinander Wasserstoff, C1-C4-Alkyl, C2-C6-Alkyl, welches durch Hydroxy, Halogen oder Cyano substituiert ist, Phenyl, welches unsubstituiert oder durch Hydroxy, Halogen, SO3H, C1-C4-Alkyl oder C1-C4-Alkoxy substituiert ist, oder alternativ worin R2 und R3 zusammen mit dem Stickstoffatom, an welches sie gebunden sind, einen gesättigten 5- oder 6-gliedrigen Ring vervollständigen, welcher zusätzlich zu dem Stickstoffatom ein Stickstoffatom oder Sauerstoffatom enthalten kann und welcher weiter substituiert sein kann und n 1 oder 2 ist. Verbindung der Formel (1) nach Anspruch 1, worin A einen 1- oder 2-Naphtylmono- oder -disulfonsäure- oder einen 1- oder 2-Naphtylmonocarbonsäure-Rest darstellt. Verbindung der Formel (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, worin R1 Wasserstoff darstellt D1 und D2 unabhängig voneinander einen Aminosäurerest, welcher von der Entfernung eines Wasserstoffatoms von der Aminogruppe der Aminosäure herrührt und welcher abgeleitet ist von Glycin, Alanin, Serin, Cystein, Phenylalanin, Tyrosin (4-Hydroxyphenylalanin), Diiodtyrosin, Tryptophan (&bgr;-Indolylalanin), Histidin (&bgr;-Imidazolylalanin), &agr;-Aminobuttersäure, Methionin, Valin (&agr;-Aminoisovaleriansäure), Norvalin, Leucin (&agr;-Aminoisocapronsäure), Isoleucin (&agr;-Amino-&bgr;-methylvaleriansäure), Norleucin (&agr;-Amino-n-carpronsäure), Arginin, Ornithin (&agr;,&dgr;-Diaminovaleriansäure), Lysin (&agr;,&egr;-Diaminocarponsäure), Asparaginsäure (Aminobernsteinsäure), Glutaminsäure (&agr;-Aminoglutarsäure), Threonin und Hydroxyglutaminsäure sowie Mischungen und optischen Isomeren davon oder von Iminodiessigsäure, einen Rest-NR2R3, worin R2 und R3 unabhängig voneinander Wasserstoff, C2-C4-Hydroxyalkyl, Phenyl, welches unsubstituiert oder durch SO3H monosubstituiert ist, sind, oder alternativ eine Morpholin-, Piperidin- oder Pyrrolidin-Rest darstellen. Verbindung der Formel (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, worin A einen 1-Naphtyl-2-, -3-, -4-, -5-, -6-, -7- oder -8-sulfonsäure-, einen 2-Naphtyl-1-, -5-, -6- oder 7-sulfonsäure-, einen 2-Naphtyl-1-, -3- oder -6-carbonsäure-, einen 1-Naphtyl-3,8- oder -4,8-disulfonsäure- oder einen 2-Naphtyl-1,5-, -3,6-, -4,8- oder 6,8-disulfonsäurerest darstellt und ein jedes D1 und D2 unabhängig voneinander einen Aminosäurerest, von dem ein Wasserstoffatom an der Aminogruppe entfernt wurde und welcher abgeleitet ist von Glycin, Alanin, Serin, Phenylalanin, Asparaginsäure (Aminobernsteinsäure) oder Glutaminsäure (&agr;-Aminoglutarsäure), einen Rest -NR2R3, worin R2 und R3 jeweils unabhängig voneinander Wasserstoff, C2-C3-Hydroxyalkyl, Phenyl, welches unsubstituiert oder durch SO3H monosubstituiert ist, oder alternativ einen Morpholin-Rest darstellen. Verfahren zur Herstellung der Verbindung der Formel (1) nach Anspruch 1 , umfassend das Umsetzen des Diazoniumsalzes eines Amins der Formel



        A-NH2     (2)



mit entweder 2-Amino- oder 2-C1-C4-Alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphtalin-7-sulfonsäure (worin n=0 ist) oder mit 2-(4-Amino- oder 4-C1-C4-Alkylaminobenzoyl)amino- oder C1-C4-Alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphtalin-7-sulfonsäure (worin n=1 ist), die Umsetzung mit Cyanurchlorid und die anschließende abschnittsweise Umsetzung des Dichlor-Intermediats mit Aminen D1H und D2H, oder alternativ die Umsetzung von 2-Amino- oder 2-C1-C4-Alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphtalin-7-sulfonsäure (worin n=0 ist) oder 2-(4-Amino- oder 4-C1-C4-Alkylaminobenzoyl)amino- oder C1-C4-Alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalin-7-sulfonsäure (worin n=1 ist) mit Cyanurchlorid, gefolgt von der abschnittsweisen Umsetzung des Dichlor-Intermediats mit Aminen D1H und D2H und schließlich die Umsetzung mit dem Diazoniumsalz des Amins der Formel (2), wobei A, D1, D2 und n wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind.
Feste Farbzusammensetzung zum Papierfärben, umfassend eine Verbindung der Formel (1) nach Anspruch 1 und wahlweise weitere Hilfsmittel. Wässrige Lösung zum Papierfärben, umfassend eine Verbindung der Formel (1) nach Anspruch 1 und wahlweise weitere Hilfsmittel. Wässrige Lösung nach Anspruch 7, welche als weitere Hilfsmittel Lösungsvermittler und/oder organische Lösungsmittel enthält. Papier, welches mit einer Verbindung der Formel (1) nach Anspruch 1 in der Form einer festen Farbzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 6 oder einer wässrigen Lösung nach Anspruch 7 gefärbt ist. Verwendung der Verbindung der Formel (1) nach Anspruch 1 zum Färben von Papier.
Anspruch[en]
A compound of the formula in which A represents a 1- or 2-naphthyl residue, which is substituted by a total of one or two sulphonic

and/or carboxylic acid groups,
R1 represents hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, each D1 and D2, independently of the other, represent either an amino acid residue resulting from removal of a hydrogen atom from the amino group of the amino acid or the residue

-NR2R3, in which each
R2 and R3, independently of the other, represent hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl which is substituted by hydroxy, halogen or cyano, phenyl which is unsubstituted or monosubstituted by hydroxy, halogen, SO3H, C1-C4alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy or, alternatively, R2 and R3, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are connected, complete a saturated, 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain, in addition to the nitrogen atom, one nitrogen or oxygen atom and which may be further substituted and n is 0 or 1.
A compound of formula (1), according to claim 1, in which A represents a 1- or 2-naphthyl mono- or disulphonic acid or a 1- or 2-naphthyl monocarboxylic acid residue. A compound of formula (1), according to claim 1 or claim 2, in which R1 represents hydrogen D1 and D2, independently of the other, is an amino acid residue resulting from removal of a hydrogen atom from the amino group of the amino acid and which is derived from glycine, alanine, serine, cysteine, phenylalanine, tyrosine (4-hydroxyphenylalanine), diiodotyrosine, tryptophan (&bgr;-indolylalanine), histidine ((&bgr;-imidazolylalanine), &agr;-aminobutyric acid, methionine, valine (&agr;-aminoisovaleric acid), norvaline, leucine (&agr;-aminoisocaproic acid), isoleucine (&agr;-amino-&bgr;-methylvaleric acid), norleucine (&agr;-amino-n-caproic acid), arginine, ornithine (&agr;,&dgr;-diaminovaleric acid), lysine (&agr;,&egr;-diaminocaproic acid), aspartic acid (aminosuccinic acid), glutamic acid (&agr;-aminoglutaric acid), threonine and hydroxyglutamic acid as well as mixtures and optical isomers thereof or from iminodiacetic acid, a residue

-NR2R3, in which each
R2 and R3, independently of the other, represent hydrogen, C2-C4hydroxyalkyl, phenyl, which is unsubstituted or monosubstituted by SO3H or, alternatively, a morpholino, piperidino or pyrrolidino residue.
A compound of formula (1), according to any one of claims 1 to 3, in which A represents a 1-naphthyl-2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7- or 8-sulphonic acid, a 2-naphthyl-1-, 5-, 6- or 7-sulphonic acid, a 2-naphthyl-1-, 3- or 6-carboxylic acid, a 1-naphthyl-3,8- or 4,8-disulphonic acid or a 2-naphthyl-1,5-, 3,6-, 4,8- or 6,8-disulphonic acid residue and each D1 and D2, independently of the other, is an amino acid residue from which a hydrogen atom on the amino group has been removed and which is derived from glycine, alanine, serine, phenylalanine, aspartic acid (aminosuccinic acid) or glutamic acid (&agr;-aminoglutaric acid), a residue

-NR2R3, in which each
R2 and R3, independently of the other, represent hydrogen, C2-C3hydroxyalkyl, phenyl, which is unsubstituted, or monosubstituted by SO3H or, alternatively, a morpholino residue.
A process for the preparation of the compound of formula (1), according to claim 1, comprising reacting the diazonium salt of an amine of the formula



        A-NH2     (2)



with either 2-amino- or 2-C1-C4alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-7-sulphonic acid (where n=0) or with 2-(4-amino- or 4-C1-C4alkylaminobenzoyl)amino- or C1-C4alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-7-sulphonic acid (where n=1), reaction with cyanuric chloride and subsequent sequential reaction of the dichloro intermediate with amines D1H and D2H or, alternatively,

reacting 2-amino- or 2-C1-C4alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-7-sulphonic acid (where n=0) or 2-(4-amino- or 4-C1-C4alkylaminobenzoyl)amino- or C1-C4alkylamino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-7-sulphonic acid (where n=1) with cyanuric chloride, followed by sequential reaction of the dichloro intermediate with amines D1H and D2H and, finally, reaction with the diazonium salt of the amine of formula (2), whereby A, D1, D2 and n are as defined in claim 1.
A solid dye composition for dyeing paper, comprising a compound of the formula (1), according to claim 1, and, optionally, further auxiliaries. An aqueous solution for dyeing paper, comprising a compound of the formula (1), according to claim 1, and, optionally, further auxiliaries. An aqueous solution according to claim 7 containing, as further auxiliaries, solubilizers and/or organic solvents. Paper which is dyed with a compound of the formula (1), according to claim 1, in the form of a solid dye composition, according to claim 6, or an aqueous solution, according to claim 7. Use of the compound of formula (1), according to claim 1, for dyeing paper.
Anspruch[fr]
Composé de formule dans laquelle A représente un résidu 1- ou 2-naphtyle, qui est substitué par un total d'un ou deux groupes acide sulfonique

et/ou carboxylique,
R1 représente un atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C4, chaque D1 et D2, indépendamment de l'autre, représente soit un résidu acide aminé provenant de l'élimination d'un atome d'hydrogène du groupe amino de l'acide aminé, soit le résidu

-NR2R3, dans lequel chaque
R2 et R3, indépendamment de l'autre, représentent un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe alkyle en C1-C4, alkyle en C2-C6, qui est substitué par un substituant hydroxy, halogène ou cyano, phényle, qui est non substitué ou monosubstitué par un substituant hydroxy, halogène, SO3H, alkyle en C1-C4 ou alkoxy en C1-C4 ou,

alternativement,
R2 et R3, conjointement avec l'atome d'azote auquel ils sont liés, complètent un noyau à 5 ou 6 chaînons saturé, qui peut renfermer, en plus de l'atome d'azote, un atome d'azote ou d'oxygène, et qui peut être substitué davantage et n vaut 0 ou 1.
Composé de formule (1), selon la revendication 1, dans lequel A représente un résidu acide 1- ou 2-naphtyl-mono- ou disulfonique ou un résidu acide 1- ou 2-naphtyl-monocarboxylique. composé de formule (1) selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans laquelle R1 représente un atome d'hydrogène D1 et D2, indépendamment de l'autre, représentent un résidu acide aminé provenant de l'élimination d'un atome d'hydrogène du groupe amino de l'acide aminé et qui est dérivé des glycine, alanine, sérine, cystéine, phénylalanine, tyrosine (4-hydroxyphénylalanine), diiodotyrosine, tryptophane (&bgr;-indolylalanine), histidine (&bgr;-imidazolylalanine), acide &agr;-aminobutyrique, méthionine, valine (acide &agr;-aminoisovalérique), norvaline, leucine (acide &agr;-aminoisocaproïque), isoleucine (acide &agr;-amino-&bgr;-méthylvalérique), norleucine (acide &agr;-amino-n-caproïque), arginine, ornithine (acide &agr;,&dgr;-diaminovalérique), lysine (acide &agr;,&egr;-diaminocaproïque), acide aspartique (acide amino-succinique), acide glutamique (acide &agr;-aminoglutarique), thréonine et acide hydroxyglutamique ainsi que leurs mélanges et isomères optiques, ou de l'acide iminodiacétique, un résidu

-NR2R3, dans lequel chaque
R2 et R3, indépendamment de l'autre, représente un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe hydroxyalkyle en C2-C4, phényle qui est non substitué ou monosubstitué par un substituant SO3H ou, alternativement, un résidu morpholino, pipéridino ou pyrrolidino.
Composé de formule (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel A représente un résidu acide 1-naphtyl-2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7- ou 8-sulfonique, acide 2-naphtyl-1-, 5-, 6- ou 7-sulfonique, acide 2-naphtyl-1-, 3- ou 6-carboxylique, acide 1-naphtyl-3,8- ou 4,8-disulfonique ou acide 2-naphtyl-1,5-, 3,6-, 4,8-ou 6,8-disulfonique et chaque D1 et D2, indépendamment de l'autre, représente un résidu acide aminé dont on a éliminé un atome d'hydrogène sur le groupe amino et qui est dérivé de la glycine, alanine, sérine, phénylalanine, acide aspartique (acide aminosuccinique) ou acide glutamique (acide &agr;-aminoglutarique), un résidu

-NR2R3, dans lequel chaque
R2 et R3, indépendamment de l'autre, représente un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe hydroxyalkyle en C2-C3, phényle, qui est non substitué ou monosubstitué par un substituant SO3H ou, alternativement, un résidu morpholino.
Procédé pour la préparation du composé de formule (1) selon la revendication 1, comprenant la réaction du sel de diazonium d'une amine de formule



        A-NH2     (2)



soit sur l'acide 2-amino- ou 2-(alkyl en C1-C4)amino-5-hydroxynaphtalène-7-sulfonique (où n=0) ou sur l'acide 2-(4-amino- ou 4-(alkyl en C1-Ca) aminobenzoyl)amino- ou (alkyl en C1-C4)amino-5-hydroxynaphtalène-7-sulfonique (où n=1), par réaction sur le chlorure de cyanuryle et par réaction ultérieure séquentielle de l'intermédiaire dichloro sur les amines D1H et D2H ou, alternativement,

par réaction de l'acide 2-amino- ou 2-(alkyl en C1-C4)-amino-5-hydroxynaphtalène-7-sulfonique (où n=0) ou de l'acide 2-(4-amino- ou 4-(alkyl en C1-C4)-aminobenzoyl)-amino- ou (alkyl en C1-C4)amino-5-hydroxynaphtalène-7-sulfonique (où n=1) sur le chlorure de cyanuryle, suivie par la réaction séquentielle de l'intermédiaire dichloro sur les amines D1H et D2H et, finalement, la réaction sur le sel de diazonium de l'amine de formule (2), où A, D1, D2 et n sont définis comme à la revendication 1.
Composition de colorant solide pour la teinture du papier, comprenant un composé de formule (1) selon la revendication 1 et, éventuellement, d'autres matières auxiliaires. Solution aqueuse pour la teinture du papier comprenant un composé de formule (1), conformément à la revendication 1 et, éventuellement, d'autres matières auxiliaires. Solution aqueuse selon la revendication 7 renfermant en tant que d'autres matières auxiliaires, des solubilisants et/ou solvants organiques. Papier qui est teint avec un composé de formule (1), selon la revendication 1, sous forme d'une composition de colorant solide selon la revendication 6, ou d'une solution aqueuse selon la revendication 7. Utilisation du composé de formule (1) selon la revendication 1, pour la teinture du papier.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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