FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a system and method for
detecting and suppressing pests. In particular, the present invention relates to
a system and method for detecting and suppressing pests located in remote, difficult
to access areas.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Due to their size, small pests such as insects and rodents
are able to easily inhabit remote areas within structures having limited access,
such as wall or ceiling voids, without being detected. This is particularly true
of structures built with metal supports. The metal supports typically contain a
number of holes to provide a convenient means of passing wires and the like behind
a wall. Even most structures built using wooden supports have holes drilled through
the wooden supports for the same purpose. The holes within the supports make it
easy for small pests to travel behind the structure without being detected. Because
it is difficult for people to access these remote areas, detecting and suppressing
pests located behind these structures has proven to be a challenge using current
pest detection methods.
One common method currently used to detect pests is to
place bait directly at the location(s) of suspected pest infestation. While this
method can be effectively used in remote areas by dropping the bait behind the structures,
verification of the pests either taking or consuming the bait is difficult. Another
method of detecting pests is to place tracking systems such as loose powder at the
location(s) where it is suspected that the pests are located. However, this method
allows the spread of loose powder that may be environmentally unfriendly and that
may give a dirty or unsanitary appearance. This method is also not very useful for
detection of pests located in remote areas unless the person can somehow observe
the tracking devices from the opposite side of the structure. Still another method
currently being used to detect the presence of pests is by electronic sensors. While
the electronic sensors are both sophisticated and effective, the sensors are typically
complex, expensive, and require power and maintenance by experts in the field.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
A wall-mountable system of the present invention detects
and suppresses pests. The system includes a housing, a pest detection device, and
a line. The housing is mounted to a wall and penetrates into a remote area behind
the wall. The housing also has an access hole. The pest detection device is positioned
behind the wall. The line is connected to the housing at a first end and is connected
to the pest detection device at a second end.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
- FIG. 1 is a front view of a first embodiment of a pest detection and suppression
- FIG. 2 is a side view of the first embodiment of the pest detection and suppression
- FIG. 3 is a side view of a second embodiment of a pest detection and suppression
- FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the second embodiment of the pest detection and
FIGS. 1 and 2 show a front view and a side view, respectively,
of a pest detection and suppression system 10 and will be discussed in conjunction
with one another. Detection system 10 is a pest detection and suppression system
that permits the detection of pests in remote locations, such as behind wall 12
of room 14. Detection system 10 is positioned within hole 16 of wall 12 and generally
includes housing 18, pest detection device 20, and line 22 and is beneficial for
detecting and suppressing pests in areas that are typically difficult to access.
Housing 18 is mountable to wall 12 and is positioned within
hole 16 to provide access to remote area 24. Housing 18 is a hollow structure to
allow an arm or the like to access remote area 24 and has a top surface 26, a bottom
surface 28, and an aperture 30 located at bottom surface 28. Housing generally includes
cover 32, locking mechanism 34, and cavity 36, and is positioned within hole 16
such that cover 32 of housing 18 faces room 14. When housing 18 is positioned in
hole 16, aperture 30 located at a bottom surface 28 of housing 18 is placed past
wall 12 and allows access to remote area 24. While housing 18 is depicted in FIGS.
1 and 2 as having a rectangular shape, housing 18 can be any shape as long as housing
18 is large enough to place and remove pest detection device 20 to and from remote
Cover 32 is pivotally attached to housing 18 and provides
an access area between room 14 and remote area 24. When cover 32 is open, a person
located in room 14 has access to remote area 24 behind wall 12 through housing 18.
When cover 32 is closed, housing 18, and thus remote area 24, is not accessible
from room 14. Cover 32 thus provides a means for accessing remote area 24 by a person
located in room 14, but does not allow access to room 14 from remote area 24 by
a pest located behind wall 12.
Locking mechanism 34 is located on cover 32 and maintains
cover 32 in the closed position. Remote area 24 can be accessed by unlocking locking
mechanism 28 and opening cover 32. Locking mechanism 34 is switchable between a
locked and an unlocked position and ensures that remote area 24 is accessible through
cover 32 only by appropriate persons. It may be desirable to limit access to remote
area 24 for safety reasons. When bait or poison is used to detect or suppress pests,
cover 32 must be secured to prevent unsuspecting persons from accidentally coming
into contact with the bait or poison. Locking mechanism 24 may be any of a variety
of mechanisms that permit limited access to a specified area, including, but not
limited to: a lock and key, a screw and screwdriver, or any other mechanisms known
in the art.
Cavity 36 provides a storage area for storing and maintaining
documents related to detection system 10. When used in a commercial setting, it
is useful for maintenance persons to be able to track the dates of service as well
as identify pest detection device 20 being used. Cavity 36 is located proximate
top surface 26 of housing 18 and provides a location for storing documents related
to detection system 10 so that a person opening cover 32 will have immediate access
to pertinent information regarding detection system 10. Although FIGS. 1 and 2 show
cavity 36 as being located proximate top surface 26 of housing 18, cavity 36 can
be located anywhere within housing 18.
Pest detection device 20 can be any device known in the
art for detecting the presence of pests. Pest detection device 20 is placed in remote
area 24 behind wall 12 and is used to detect and/or suppress the presence of pests.
For example, pest detection device 20 may include, but is not limited to: baits,
poison, traps, or any combination thereof. Because pest detection device 20 is positioned
behind wall 12, it is not easily retrievable by a person located in room 14. Pest
detection device 20 is thus connected to housing 18 by some retrieval means, such
as by line or tether 22. In one embodiment, pest detection device 20 can be a sensor
that detects pest activity in remote area 24. When the sensor detects pest activity,
the sensor sends a signal to alert personnel of the presence of pests. The signal
can be a visual signal, such as a light emitting diode, or an auditory signal as
long as it is directed to obtain the attention of a person located outside remote
area 24, such as in room 14 or a central control room.
Line or tether 22 has a first end 38 and a second end 40.
First end 38 of line 22 is connected to housing 18 and second end 40 of line 22
is connected to pest detection device 20. Line 22 may be any retrieval means that
is connectable to housing 18 at one end and connectable to pest detection device
20 at another end. The retrieval means should also be durable and impenetrable to
breakage due to chewing by pests. For example, line 22 may include, but is not limited
to: a chain, wire, or cable.
In operation, upon evidence or suspicion of pest activity
in remote area 24, detection system 10 is positioned in hole 16 of wall 12. Hole
16 may be purposefully formed in wall 12 to provide access to remote area 24 behind
wall 12, or may already exist by some other means. Cover 32 is opened by locking
mechanism 34 such that remote area 24 can be accessed by a person located in room
14 through housing 18. Pest detection device 20 is attached to line 22 and is dropped
from housing 18 onto the floor of remote area 24. Prior to closing and locking cover
34, documents related to detection system 10, such as the date of service, or the
type of pest detection device 20 that is attached to line 22, are noted and placed
in cavity 36 of housing 18. After a period of time, cover 34 is opened and pest
detection device 20 is retrieved by line 22. Upon inspection of pest detection device
20, a person in room 14 will be able to determine whether pests are present in remote
area 24. The person can also check the last date of service by reading the documents
located in cavity 36. By reading the documents, the person can also determine whether
pest detection device 20 was used to only detect the presence of pests, such as
by using a non-lethal bait, or whether pest detection device 20 was also used to
suppress the presence of pests, such as by using a poison or a pest trap.
Detection system 10 can be reused nearly indefinitely as
long as a pest detection device is attached to line 22. Once pest detection device
20 has been exhausted, a new pest detection device 20 can be attached to line 22.
If the pest activity has ceased, detection system 10 can also be removed from hole
16, and hole 16 can be covered by a more aesthetically pleasing panel.
FIG. 3 is a side view of a second embodiment of pest detection
and suppression system 100. Detection system 100 generally includes housing 102,
insert 104, pest detection device 106, and line 108. Housing 102 has an aperture
110 and includes cover 112 and locking mechanism 114. As with detection system 10,
line 108 also has a first end 116 and a second end 118. Housing 102, pest detection
device 106, and line 108 of second embodiment of detection system 100 function and
interact in the same manner as housing 18, pest detection device 20, and line 22
of first embodiment of detection system 10. The primary difference between detection
systems 10 and 100 of first and second embodiments, respectively, is insert 104
of second embodiment of detection systems 100.
FIG. 4 shows an exploded view of housing 102 and insert
104 and will be discussed in conjunction with FIG. 3. Insert 104 is sized slightly
smaller than housing 102 in all dimensions and is designed to slide in and out of
housing 102. Insert 104 may be hollow to allow for storage of documents related
to detection system 100. Second embodiment of detection system 100 therefore does
not need a cavity in housing 102 to store pertinent documentation. An additional
benefit of insert 104 is that it prevents a pest from positioning itself in housing
102 and surprising a person checking detection system 100 when cover 112 is opened.
Because insert 104 sits over aperture 110 of housing 102, a pest cannot climb into
housing 102 and surprise a person checking on detection system 100, the pest will
be limited to remote area 24. First end 116 of line 108 is connected to a bottom
surface 120 of insert 104 and second end 118 of line 108 is connected to pest detection
In use, pest detection device 106 is first connected to
insert 104 by line 108 and is dropped through aperture 110 of housing 102. Pest
detection device 106 thus sits on the floor of remote area 24 and is easily accessible
to pests in remote area 24. Insert 104 is then positioned fully in housing 102 and
covers aperture 110 of housing 102. Cover 112 is then closed and locked by locking
mechanism 114. When a person wishes to check for the presence of pests using detection
system 100, cover 112 of housing 102 is opened by locking mechanism 114 and insert
104 is removed from housing 102. Line 108 is then pulled up through aperture 110
of housing 102 to examine pest detection device 106. Once pest detection device
106 has been examined, pest detection device 106 can be placed back in remote area
24 for reuse.
To reuse detection system 100, pest detection device 106
is placed back through aperture 110 of housing 102 to remote area 24. Insert 104
is then fully slid back within housing 102. If desired, the person can check the
documentation of detection system 100 located within insert 104 and note the most
recent service check and/or identify pest detection device 106. Once the documentation
has been checked and the person has the information they need, cover 112 is closed
and locked by locking mechanism 116. As with the first embodiment of detection system
10, second embodiment of detection system 100 can be reused as long as pest detection
device 106 is replaced when exhausted.
The pest detection and suppression system of the present
invention allows penetration of remote areas typically difficult to access from
within an enclosed room. The detection system includes a hollow housing, a line,
and a pest detection device. The housing is positionable within a hole in a wall
behind which is a remote area with suspected pest activity. The pest detection device
is connected to the housing by the line. The housing also includes a cover having
a locking mechanism that controls access to the remote area through the housing.
The pest detection device is placed in the remote area and is retrievable by a person
located in the enclosed room through an aperture located at a bottom surface of
housing by the line. The person can thus open the cover and retrieve the pest detection
device for examination. The housing also includes a cavity that allows for the storage
of documents related to the detection system, such as dates of service or the type
of pest detection device being used.
In another embodiment of the pest detection and suppression
system of the present invention, the detection system also includes an insert that
is positionable within the housing. In this embodiment, the line connects the pest
detection device to the insert. To position the pest detection device in the remote
area, the pest detection device is placed through the aperture in the bottom surface
of the housing before the insert is positioned in the housing. The insert covers
the aperture and ensures that a pest cannot position itself in the housing. The
insert is also hollow to allow for storage of documents related to the detection
Although the present invention has been described with
reference to preferred embodiments, workers skilled in the art will recognize that
changes may be made in form and detail without departing from the spirit and scope
of the invention.