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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1793486 19.07.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001793486
Titel Verfahren zum Regeln von Drehstrommotoren
Anmelder Fuji Electric Fa Components & Systems Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Tajima, Hirokazu, Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 141-0032, JP;
Hachisu, Yasuaki, Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 141-0032, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 01.12.2006
EP-Aktenzeichen 060248630
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.06.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.07.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse H02P 6/16(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070508, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse H02P 6/18(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070508, B, H, EP   G01P 3/44(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070508, B, H, EP   G01P 13/04(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070508, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a method of controlling an AC motor in which variable-speed control of the AC motor is carried out while power is supplied to the AC motor from a variable-voltage variable-frequency inverter, and particularly to a method of deriving a rotary speed estimated value at the time of idling of the motor.

Japanese Patent No. 3,636.340 and US-A 6.060.860 (corresponding to JP-A-11-346500 ) discloses methods of controlling an AC motor when making a restart in the state where a variable-voltage variable-frequency inverter that drives the AC motor (hereinafter simply referred to as inverter) is stopped and the AC motor is idling, for example, when making a restart after recovery from a momentary service interruption of the input power source of the inverter such as a commercial power source.

In the control method Japanese Patent disclosed in No. 3,636,340 in which, when the AC motor is idling, at least one of semiconductor switching devices forming a main circuit of the inverter is turned on and off to generate a short circuit between windings of the motor, and an estimated value of the rotary speed of the motor is calculated from the winding current flowing at that time. Therefore, it can be applied to a synchronous motor having a permanent magnetic field or an induction motor in which a residual voltage exists, but it cannot be applied to an induction motor in which a residual voltage is attenuated.

In the control method disclosed in US-A 6,060,860 in which, when the AC motor is idling, an estimated value of the rotary speed of the motor is calculated from a voltage or current supplied from the inverter to the motor, if a residual voltage exists in the induction motor at that time, it affects the calculation of the rotary speed estimated value. Therefore, the calculation must be carried out after the residual voltage is sufficiently attenuated.

It is an object of this invention to provide a method of controlling an AC motor that enables estimation of the rotary speed of the motor, even when the AC motor is idling.

This object is achieved by a method as claimed in claim 1. Preferred embodiments of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

According to this invention, at least one of the semiconductor switching devices forming the main circuit of the inverter is turned on and off to generate a short circuit between windings of the motor, and the method for deriving a rotary speed estimated value for the motor is switched between the case where the winding current value flowing at the time is equal to or higher than a predetermined lower limit value and the case where the winding current value is less than the lower limit value.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1
is a circuit diagram showing an embodiment of this invention.
FIG. 2
is a flowchart for explaining the operation of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3
shows a waveform for explaining the operation of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4
shows a waveform for explaining the operation of FIG. 2.

FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram showing an embodiment of this invention. Reference numeral 1 represents an induction motor as an AC motor, 2 represents an inverter that supplies a desired primary voltage (v1) to the induction motor 1, 3 represents a current detector that detects a primary current (i1) from the inverter 2 to the induction motor 1, 4 represents a voltage command value calculating unit that generates a voltage command value (v1) for generating the above voltage v1, 5 represents an idle-time speed estimating unit that calculates an estimated value (&ohgr;r#) of the rotary speed when the induction motor 1 is idling, and 6 represents a sequence circuit that commands the operations of the inverter 2, the voltage command value calculating unit 4, the idle-time speed estimating unit 5 and the like.

The voltage command value calculating unit 4 calculates each voltage command value in a d-q coordinate system from each current in the d-q coordinate system as a result of performing coordinate transformation of the current i1 of the induction motor 1 detected by the current detector 3 and a motor constant of the induction motor 1 on the basis of a primary angular frequency command value (&ohgr;1) of the induction motor 1 designated from outside or the like and a phase angle command value (&thgr;1) acquired by time integration of &ohgr;1 as the normal operation of the induction motor 1 based on a sequence signal from the sequence circuit 6. The voltage command value calculating unit 4 generates the above-described voltage v1 by coordinate transformation of these values based on the above value &thgr;1.

Next, a method for deriving the above value &ohgr;r # when the induction motor 1 is idling will be described hereinafter with reference to the flowchart of the operation of the idle-time speed estimating unit 5 shown in FIG. 2 and the operation waveforms shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4.

In FIG. 2, for example, when the sequence circuit 6 detects a momentary service interruption of the input power source of the inverter 2, e.g., a commercial power source, and turns off the pulses of the main circuit of the inverter 2, and when then recover from this momentary service interruption is detected, at least one of the semiconductor switching devices of the main circuit is turned on and off to generate a short circuit in a stator winding (for example, each semiconductor switching device on the upper arm of the main circuit is turned on and each semiconductor switching device on the lower arm is turned off). Hereinafter, this state of these upper and lower arms is referred to as zero voltage (step S1). As the stator winding is short-circuited, a counter-electromotive force causes a current to flow through the winding. Therefore, a detection value i1(T1) of the winding current of the induction motor 1, which is detected by the current detector 3 immediately before the lapse of a zero-voltage period T1, is stored, as shown in FIG. 3, and the relation between this value and a lower limit value ith is determined (step S2). When i1(T1)≥ith holds, the pulses of the main circuit of the inverter 2 are turned off and the processing shifts to step S3. When i1(T1)<ith holds, the pulses of the main circuit of the inverter 2 are turned off and the processing shifts to step S5.

Next, in step S3, after the lapse of a period T2 from the occurrence of the previous (first) zero voltage, a zero voltage state is set again (second time). As shown in FIG. 3, a detection value i1(T1+T2) of the winding current of the induction motor 1, which is detected by the current detector 3 immediately before the end of the second period of zero voltage, i.e., before T2 + T1 lapses, is stored (step S4). From the values acquired by converting the stored values i1(T1) and i1(T1+T2) to an &agr;-&bgr; coordinate system, a current vector phase angle (&THgr;1) is calculated in accordance with the following equations (1) and (2). &THgr; 1 T 1 = tan - 1 i 1 &bgr; T 1 / i 1 &agr; T 1 &THgr; 1 T 1 + T 2 = tan - 1 i 1 &bgr; T 1 - T 2 / i 1 &agr; T 1 + T 2

From equations (1) and (2), the estimated value (&ohgr;r #) of the rotary speed of the induction motor 1 at the time (T1+T2) is expressed by the following equation (3). &ohgr; r # T 1 + T 2 = { &THgr; 1 T 1 + T 2 - &THgr; 1 T 1 } / T 2

In step S5, the detection value i1(T1) of the winding current of the induction motor 1 detected by the current detector 3 in the first zero-voltage period is less than the lower limit value ith. As the estimated value (&ohgr;r #) of the rotary speed of the induction motor 1 is derived in accordance with equations (1) to (3) based on the current at the time of zero voltage, this value includes many errors. To avoid this, a voltage command value to supply a voltage or current to the induction motor 1 is newly generated for a predetermined period from the voltage command value calculating unit 4 to the inverter 2 in accordance with a command from the sequence circuit 6. Thus, the closed loop formed by the induction motor 1, the voltage command value calculating unit 4 and the inverter 2 is performs a self-excited oscillation. As the value acquired by conversion to the &agr;-&bgr; coordinate system the detection value i1 of the primary current of the induction motor 1 detected by the current detector 3 at that time, for example, one cycle of the sine-waveform of i(&agr;) shown in FIG. 4, is measured, the measured value corresponds to the estimated value (&ohgr;r #) of the rotary speed of the induction motor 1 at that time.

That is, the primary voltage having the voltage and frequency based on the rotary speed estimated value for the induction motor 1 acquired by the idle-time speed estimating unit 5 when the induction motor 1 is idling is supplied to the induction motor 1 from the inverter 2, thereby enabling restart of the induction motor 1 without causing any shock.

In the above embodiment, the case of using the induction motor is described. However, also when a permanent magnet synchronous motor is used, the control method according to this invention enables restart of the synchronous motor at the time of idling without causing any shock.


Anspruch[en]
A method of controlling an AC motor (1) in which a variable-speed control of the AC motor (1) is carried out while power is supplied to the AC motor (1) from a variable-voltage variable-frequency inverter (2), comprising: turning on and off at least one of semiconductor switching devices forming a main circuit of the inverter (2) to generate a short circuit between windings of the motor when the motor (1) is idling; selecting the way of deriving a rotary speed estimated value for the motor (1) on the basis of the winding current value flowing at that time; and starting power supply from the inverter (2) to restart the motor (1) on the basis of the resultant rotary speed estimated value. The method according to claim 1, wherein when the winding current value is equal to or higher than a predetermined lower limit value, the semiconductor switching device is turned on and off again to generate a short circuit between the windings of the motor (1), and a rotary speed estimated value for the motor (1) is derived on the basis of both winding current values. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein when the winding current value is less than a predetermined lower limit value, a rotary speed estimated value for the motor (1) is derived on the basis of a voltage or current that is newly supplied to the motor (1) from the inverter (2).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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