PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1071545 30.08.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001071545
Titel VERFAHREN ZUM SELBSTPROGRAMMIEREN DES KONTROLL-SYSTEMS EINES ANGETRIEBENEN SCHRAUBENSCHLÜSSELS WÄHREND DER ANFANGSPHASE DES SCHRAUBVORGANDS
Anmelder Atlas Copco Tools AB, Stockholm, SE
Erfinder BÜLOW, Christer Sten-Sture, S-133 36 Saltsjöbaden, SE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69936576
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 12.03.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999109176
WO-Anmeldetag 12.03.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/SE99/00380
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1999047310
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 23.09.1999
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 31.01.2001
EP date of grant 18.07.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 30.08.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B25B 23/14(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B23P 19/06(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention concerns a method for self-programming of a computerized control system for a power nutrunner as defined in the claims.

A method according to the preamble of independent claims 1 and 4 is disclosed in US 5 637 968 .

The object of the invention is to provide a self-programming method for a power nutrunner control system, whereby the efficiency of the nutrunner operation is increased by decreasing the cycle time without increasing the risk for torque overshoot at tightening of so called stiff screw joints, i.e. screw joints having a steep torque growth per angle unit of rotation.

The invention relates primarily to the two-step type of tightening process which comprises a high speed first step and a low speed second step. The two steps are divided either by just a speed change or by an intermediate standstill. The first step is always the most time consuming part of the process, because it contains the relatively long running down or nut setting phase. Therefore, to bring down the time spent on the first tightening step, the rotation speed of the fist step has always been kept at a high level in prior art methods.

To safely avoid overtightening of stiff screw joints, however, the speed change point, i.e. where the first high speed step is succeeded by the second low speed step, has been set at a low torque level. The reason is that the kinetic energy of the rotating parts of the nutrunner should be prevented from having any influence on the end result, even in cases of a very steep torque growth characteristic of the screw joint.

This means on the other hand that when tightening screw joints having a very slow torque growth characteristic, this low level down shift point results in an unnecessary long and time consuming low speed second step.

The above described type of two-step tightening is commonly used, and by shifting down to the low speed second step at an early low torque point the method is safely applicable on all types of screw joints. In order to speed up the process, the shift down point as well as the individual speed levels may be adjusted in relation to the characteristics of one specific type of screw joint. If, however, the system with this specific setting is used on another type of screw joint having a steeper torque growth characteristic, there is a great risk for getting an undesirable torque overshoot.

In US 5,245,747 , there is described a two-step screw joint tightening method by which the risk for overtightening is avoided by stopping the first high speed step at a very low torque level and carrying out the second step at a successively increasing speed. Thereby, the rotation speed in the second step is still low when reaching the intended final pretension level at a stiff screw joint, and this low kinetic energy in the nutrunner parts does not cause any dynamic torque overshoot. A drawback with this prior art method, however, is an undesirably slow and time consuming second step when tightening weak screw joints.

In US 5,117,919 , there is described a self-adjustable nutrunner control system by which the shut-off point for the nutrunner is automatically adjusted in view of the result of preceding tightening processes. This method, however, does not comprise any detection and calculation of the actual screw joint characteristics during tightening, and the described process is performed in a single step only. Neither is there anything disclosed in this reference about how to decrease the cycle time by adjusting successively one or more nutrunner operation parameters in response to empirically determined and calculated screw joint characteristics during a number of initial tightening processes.

In EP 0 753 377 there is described a single-step bolt tightening method where a number of speed-torque curves for the actual tightening equipment are produced, one of which is selected for a specific screw joint and for obtaining an optimum bolt tightening as regards process time and tolerable error of the end result. This known method, however, is disadvantageous in that the single-step-process is less adaptive to occurring variatons in screw joint characteristics.

In US 5,637,968 there is described a screw joint tightening method wherein the torque rate is calculated for each joint during an initial stage of the tightening procedure, and in case the torque rate is above a certain first level the rotation speed is reduced to a medium speed level, and in case the torque rate of the actual screw joint is above a second higher level, i.e. the joint is a so called hard joint, the speed is reduced to a low speed level. In case the calculated torque rate is below the first level the joint is classified as a soft joint and the speed is not reduced at all. The purpose of this speed reducing technique is to avoid overtightening of hard and medium hard screw joints, but still keep down the process time for softer joints. According to this method the torque rate is calculated for each screw joint which means that it is not adapted to tightening a number of equal screw joints at an optimized low process time at a guaranteed safety against overtightening.

The main object of the invention is to provide a method for self-programming of a nutrunner control system during one or more initial complete tightening processes, for obtaining automatically and without any programming expertise an optimum setting of the nutrunner operating parameters for the most time efficient tightening process, irrespective of the torque growth characteristics of the actual screw joint.

A further object of the invention is to provide a method for self-programming a nutrunner control system by detecting and calculating during one or more initial complete tightening process one or more screw joint characteristics, and by adjusting successively during a succeeding number of tightening processes one or more operating parameters of the nutrunner until the tightening process is performed at a satisfactory time efficiency.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a self-programming method for a nutrunner control system intended for performing a two-step tightening process, wherein during one or more initial tightening processes one or more screw joint characteristics are detected and calculated, and during a succeeding number of tightening processes one or more nutrunner operating parameters are successively adjusted in order to adapt the speed shift point between the high speed of the first step and the low speed of the second step, thereby extending the first step to a certain point which differs from the point corresponding to the predetermined final pretension level of the screw joint by a certain amount.

Further objects, characteristics and advantages of the method according to the invention will appear from the following specification and claims.

The invention is below described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings on which:

  • Fig. 1 shows a diagram illustrating the torque/angle characteristic of a relatively soft type of screw joint, as well as the rotation speed at different programming stages.
  • Fig. 2 shows a diagram illustrating the torque/angle characteristic of a relatively stiff type of screw joint, as well as the rotation speed at different programming stages.

The relatively soft type of screw joint illustrated in Fig. 1 is intended to be pretensioned to a final torque level MF. This torque level is the used as the end target for the tightening processes to be performed at this type of screw joint.

The self-programming tightening process comprises a few initial tightening processes each of which is a complete tightening process pretensioning the actual screw joint to the intended pretension level. This means that the method according to the invention may be carried out in a regular production work, i.e. no special programming operations have to be carried out.

As stated above, the main object of the invention is to accomplish a screw joint tightening process by which the joints are tightened to a desired final pretension level in an optimum time interval, i.e. as quick as possible, without risking overtightening of the joints. This means that the process has to be carefully adapted to the specific characteristics of the actual type of screw joint. This means that a few initial tightening processes are carried out during which the system is "learning" the characteristics of the joint. In particular, the system is programmed with the torque rate of the joint, i.e. the torque growth per angle of rotation. Also variations in the frictional resistance of the joint is registered. All this information is of great importance for avoiding overtightening when trying to speed up the process.

As mentioned in the first part of this specification, the only way to speed up the process is to extend the first high speed step as long as possible and to complete the process with a short low speed second step. Preferably, the first tightening step should be extended to point in which the angular position of the joint is 50 - 80 % of the angular position when reaching the final pretension level. In order to accomplish this, the preliminary target for interrupting the first tightening step and the rotation speed during the first step is initially set at a very low level.

For obtaining the relevant information of the screw joint, the very first tightening process is performed at a low speed, during the first step as well as the second step.

In order to find a suitable preliminary target torque by which the rotation during the first step should be interrupted, there are at least two possible ways to proceed. One way is to step up the speed during the first tightening step while aiming at the same preliminary target torque MPT1 and to indicate what the installed preliminary torque level will be, and, thereafter, when the maximum speed Vmax of the system is reached the target torque level MPT could be stepped up as well.

However, these two ways of adapting the down shift point to the characteristic of the actual type joint could be combined. This means that after the very first screw joint analysing low speed process, the speed of the first step is step-wise increased simultaneously with a step-wise increase of the preliminary target torque level MPT. This combined adapting process is quicker and is initiated automatically by the control system when the screw joint characteristic is very soft.

As illustrated in Fig. 1, the programming of the process control system is carried out in two subsequent steps, starting with a first running down step at a speed v1. This step is interrupted at a preliminary target torque level MPT1. Due to the kinetic energy stored in the rotating parts of the power tool used for this operation, the preliminary target torque is superseeded by a certain amount and the resultant installed torque is a preliminary torque MP1.

The process is continued by a second step carried out at a very low speed v21 until the final desired torque level MF is reached. At that point the angular position of the screw joint is &PHgr;F. It is clearly illustrated, that this first tightening process is extremely slow, because not only the speed levels are low per se, but the shift down point from the first step to the even slower second step takes place very early, which means that the very slow second step becomes very long, from a point &PHgr;P1 to the final angular position &PHgr;F.

After this first process, the speed of the first tightening step is increased to v2 whereby at the same time, the target torque level is increased from MPT1 to MPT2. The resultant installed torque then becomes MP2 and the angular position of the joint at the end of the first tightening step is &PHgr;P2. The angular distance to the aimed final position &PHgr;F is still far too long. The following slow second step is still too long and the cycle time for the entire process is too long. The rotation speed during the second step is increased to v22, though, which reduces the cycle time to some extent.

Accordingly, the first step speed is increased to v3 and the preliminary target torque level is increased to MPT3. As the joint stops after power interruption at MPT3, the installed torque is MP3 and the resultant angular position of the joint is &PHgr;P3. Still, the second step is too long.

In the next programming step, the rotation speed during the first tightening step is increased to the maximum capacity of the system vmax and the preliminary target is increased to MPT4. The angular distance from the resultant position &PHgr;P4 after the first tightening step to the aimed end position &PHgr;F as calculated is still too long.

Since the maximum speed Vmax of the system is reached already, the last measure to obtain a satisfactory programming of the control system is to increase the preliminary target torque level to MPT5. Now, the resultant installed torque becomes MP5, and the angular position of the down shift point between the first step and the second step becomes &PHgr;P5. The distance between this point and the aimed final position &PHgr;f is satisfactory short to result in an optimum cycle time without risking overshoot in the applied pretension torque. This means that the obtained angular position &PHgr;P5 differs from the aimed final position &PHgr;F by less than 20 - 50%.

It is also possible to use the installed torque MP as reference criteria when determining a satisfactory end status of the first tightening step. Accordingly, the installed torque MP should amount to a 50 - 80 % fraction of the desired final torque MF.

When applying the self-programming method according to the invention on a relatively stiff joint, as illustrated in Fig. 2, the strategy chosen by the control system is somewhat different from the strategy used in the above described embodiment.

After an initial very slow tightening process, starting by a first tightening step at the speed v1 and a following acceleration in a second step until the final level MF is reached, the torque rate or stiffness of the screw joint is detected and calculated.. Since the joint, according to the initial detecting and calculating process, has a steep torque angle characteristic, the self-programming strategy will be to increase stepwise the rotation speed during the first tightening step while aiming at the same preliminary target MPT1. As illustrated in the diagram in Fig. 2, the initial speed v1 is stepwise increased successively to v2, v3, v4, v5, v6, and finally to vmax.

During this speed increase, the actually installed torque in the joint is increased from MP1 to MP2 , MP3 , MP4 , MP5, MP6 and MP7. Since the angular position of the joint corresponding to the installed torque MP7 is still not close enough to the desired final angular position &PHgr;P and since the rotation speed is not possible to increase any further, the preliminary torque target is increased one step to MPT2. This results in an increase of the installed torque to MP8, and the obtained angular position of the joint after the first tightening step is &PHgr;P8. The resultant distance between this angular position &PHgr;P8 and the aimed final position &PHgr;F is acceptably short, which means that the second tightening step and, accordingly, the overall cycle time will be satisfactory short.

At this point, the programming is automatically locked, which means that all subsequent tightening processes on the same type of screw joint will be carried out in the same way, i.e. using the maximum system speed Vmax up to the preliminary torque target MPT2, and completing the tightening process at a low speed up to the desired final pretension level MF. This means that the final angle of rotation to be performed during the second tightening step, namely from the obtained position &PHgr;8 to the final aimed position &PHgr;F, is short enough to provide a satisfactory short overall cycle time.

Above there have described self-programming processes of a power nutrunner control system in two types of screw joints having different torque rates or torque growth characteristics, and there have been described two different strategies chosen by the system itself for obtaining a satisfactory programming. This choice of strategy is made automatically by the system itself after having detected and calculated during the initial low speed processes the torque growth and friction characteristics of the actual type of screw joint. In case of a soft joint, the programming process may be speeded up by stepping up at the same time the rotation speed and the preliminary target torque level. In a case of a stiff torque growth characteristic, the preliminary torque target level is kept constant, at least to begin with, while stepping up the rotation speed to see what value is obtained of the installed torque or the angular position. If the maximum speed of the system does not suffice to reach an acceptable angular position, the preliminary torque target has to be stepped up as well.

In the above examples, torque has been used as a measurement for pretension level of the screw joint, and angular positions of the screw joint have used to determine the down shift point during tightening. The invention, however, is not limited to the use of these two parameters for governing the process. Instead of torque, axial load in the screw joint could be used as an indication on the pretension level.

Neither is the invention limited to a tightening process divided into two distinct steps where the rotation is completely stopped between the two steps. The process could as well be performed in two different speed phases where the rotation of the screw joint is not stopped at the down shift point, a momentary speed reduction between the first tightening step and the second step may be enough.


Anspruch[de]
Verfahren für das Selbstprogrammieren eines computergesteuerten Steuersystems eines Motorschraubers zum Steuern des Anziehprozesses einer Vielzahl ähnlicher Schraubenverbindungen bis zu einem gewünschten endgültigen Drehmomentniveau (MF), bei dem das Anziehen der Schraubenverbindung in einem zweistufigen Ablauf ausgeführt wird, welcher einen ersten Anziehvorgang mit einer hohen Drehzahl, der auf ein vorläufiges Drehmomentniveau (MPT) der Schraubenverbindung abzielt, welches geringer als das endgültige Drehmomentniveau (MF) ist, und einen zweiten Anziehvorgang mit niedriger Drehzahl umfasst, der die Schraubenverbindung von einem tatsächlich aufgebrachten Drehmomentniveau (MP) aus anzieht, welches durch Abzielen auf das vorläufige Drehmomentniveau erreicht wurde, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein anfänglicher Anziehprozess der Schraubenverbindung, der auf ein vorläufiges Drehmomentniveau (MPT) abzielt, bei einer reduzierten Drehzahl des Schraubers ausgeführt wird, die während einer Vielzahl aufeinanderfolgender Anziehprozesse, welche auf das gleiche vorläufige Drehmomentniveau (MVPT) abzielen, schrittweise bis zu einem maximalen Drehzahlniveau (Vmax) derart angepasst wird, dass eine tatsächlich erreichte Winkellage (&PHgr;1-5) der Schraubenverbindung am Ende der aufeinanderfolgenden Anziehprozesse mit einem vorbestimmten Bruchteil des endgültigen Drehmomentniveaus (MF) übereinstimmt, um den Umschaltzeitpunkt der Drehzahl zwischen der hohen Drehzahl des ersten Anziehvorgangs und der niedrigen Drehzahl des zweiten Anziehvorgangs anzupassen und das Selbstprogrammieren derart festzulegen, dass alle nachfolgenden Anziehprozesse bei einer Vielzahl ähnlicher Schraubenverbindungen während des ersten Anziehvorgangs mit hoher Drehzahl das gleiche maximale Drehzahlniveau (Vmax) verwenden, das auf das vorläufige Drehmomentniveau (MPT) abzielt, und den Anziehprozess in einem zweiten Anziehvorgang mit niedriger Drehzahl bis zu dem endgültigen Drehmomentniveau (MF) abschließen. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei welchem der vorbestimmte Bruchteil 20% bis 50% des endgültigen Drehmomentniveaus (MF) beträgt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei welchem die schrittweise Zunahme der Drehzahl des Schraubers bis zu dem maximalen Drehzahlniveau (Vmax) von einer schrittweisen Zunahme des vorläufigen Drehmomentniveaus (MPT) gefolgt wird, bis sich die am Ende des ersten Anziehvorgangs erreichte Winkellage (&PHgr;1-5) von der endgültigen Winkellage (&PHgr;F) um nicht mehr als 20% bis 50% unterscheidet. Verfahren für das Selbstprogrammieren eines computergesteuerten Steuersystems eines Motorschraubers zum Steuern des Anziehprozesses einer Vielzahl ähnlicher Schraubenverbindungen bis zu einem gewünschten endgültigen Drehmomentniveau (MF), bei dem das Anziehen der Schraubenverbindung in einem zweistufigen Ablauf ausgeführt wird, welcher einen ersten Anziehvorgang mit einer hohen Drehzahl, der auf ein vorläufiges Drehmomentniveau (MPT) der Schraubenverbindung abzielt, welches geringer als das endgültige Drehmomentniveau (MF) ist, und einen zweiten Anziehvorgang mit niedriger Drehzahl umfasst, der die Schraubenverbindung von einem tatsächlich aufgebrachten Drehmomentniveau (MP) aus anzieht, welches durch Abzielen auf das vorläufige Drehmomentniveau erreicht wurde, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein anfänglicher Anziehprozess der Schraubenverbindung, der auf ein vorläufiges Drehmomentniveau (MPT) abzielt, bei einer reduzierten Drehzahl des Schraubers ausgeführt wird, die während einer Vielzahl aufeinanderfolgender Anziehprozesse, welche auf das gleiche vorläufige Drehmomentniveau (MVPT) abzielen, schrittweise bis zu einem maximalen Drehzahlniveau (Vmax) derart angepasst wird, dass ein sich ergebendes aufgebrachtes Drehmoment (MP5) am Ende der aufeinanderfolgenden Anziehprozesse einen vorbestimmten Bruchteil des endgültigen Drehmomentniveaus (MF) beträgt, um den Umschaltzeitpunkt der Drehzahl zwischen der hohen Drehzahl des ersten Anziehvorgangs und der niedrigen Drehzahl des zweiten Anziehvorgangs derart anzupassen und das Selbstprogrammieren derart festzulegen, dass alle nachfolgenden Anziehprozesse bei einer Vielzahl ähnlicher Schraubenverbindungen während des ersten Anziehvorgangs mit hoher Drehzahl das gleiche maximale Drehzahlniveau (Vmax) verwenden, das auf das vorläufige Drehmomentniveau (MPT) abzielt, und den Anziehprozess in einem zweiten Anziehvorgang mit niedriger Drehzahl bis zu dem endgültigen Drehmomentniveau (MF) abschließen. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, bei welchem die schrittweise Zunahme der Drehzahl des Schraubers bis zu dem maximalen Drehlzahlniveau (Vmax) von einer schrittweisen Zunahme des vorläufigen Drehmomentniveaus (MPT) gefolgt wird, bis der Wert des tatsächlich erreichten Vorspanndrehmoments den vorbestimmten Teil des endgültigen Drehmomentniveaus (MF) erreicht. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, bei welchem der vorbestimmte Bruchteil 50% bis 80% des endgültigen Drehmomentniveaus (MF) beträgt.
Anspruch[en]
Method for self-programming of a. computerized power nutrunner control system for controlling the tightening process of a number of similar screw joints to a desired final torque level (MF), wherein the screw joint tightening is performed in a two step process, comprising a first high speed tightening step carried out aiming at a preliminary target torque level (MPT) of said screw joint which is lower than said final torque level (MF), and a second low speed tightening step tensioning said screw joint from an actually installed torque level (Mp), obtained by aiming at said preliminary target torque level (MPT) to said final torque level (MP), characterised by an initial tightening process of said screw joint aiming at a preliminary target torque level (MPT) carried out at a reduced nutrunner speed which is successively adjusted up to a maximum speed level (Vmax) during a number of succeeding tightening processes aiming at the same preliminary target torque level (MPT) such that an actually obtained angular position (&PHgr;1-5) of said screw joint at the end of said succeeding tightening processes corresponds to a predetermined fraction of said final torque level (MF) in order to adapt the speed shift point between the high speed of the first tightening step and the low speed of the second tightening step, and locking said self-programming, such that all subsequent tightening processes on a number of said similar screw joints will use the same maximum speed level (Vmax) aiming at the preliminary target torque level (MPT) during the first high speed tightening step and complete the tightening process in a second low speed tightening step to said final torque level (MF). Method according to claim 1, wherein said predetermined fraction is 20%-50% of said final torque level (MF). Method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said successive increase of the nutrunner speed to said maximum speed level (Vmax) is followed by a successive increase of said preliminary target torque level (MPT) until the angular position (&PHgr;1-5) obtained at the end of said first tightening step differs from said final angular position (&PHgr;F) by no more than 20%-50%. Method for self-programming of a computerized power nutrunner control system for controlling the tightening process of a number of similar screw joints to a desired final torque level (MF), wherein the screw joint tightening is performed in a two step process, comprising a first high speed tightening step carried out aiming at a preliminary target torque level (MPT) of said screw joint which is lower than said final torque level (MF), and a second low speed tightening step tensioning said screw joint from an actually installed torque level (Mp), obtained by aiming at said preliminary target torque level (MPT), to said final torque level (MF),

characterised by an initial tightening process of said screw joint aiming at a preliminary target torque level (MPT) carried out at a reduced nutrunner speed which is successively adjusted up to a maximum speed level (Vmax) during a number of succeeding tightening processes aiming at the same preliminary target torque level (MPT) such that a resultant installed torque (MP5) at the end of said succeeding tightening processes amounts to a predetermined fraction of said final torque level (MF), in order to adapt the speed shift point between the high speed of the first tightening step and the low speed of the second tightening step,

and locking said self-programming, such that all subsequent tightening processes on a number of similar screw joints will use the same maximum speed level (Vmax) aiming at the preliminary target torque level (MPT) during the first high speed tightening step and complete the tightening process in a second low speed tightening step to said final torque level (MF) .
Method according to claim 4, wherein said successive increase of the nutrunner speed to said maximum speed level (Vmax) is followed by a successive increase of said preliminary target torque level (MPT) until the actually obtained pretension torque value (MP) reaches said predetermined fraction of said final torque level (MF). Method according to claim 4 or 5, wherein said predetermined fraction is 50 % - 80 % of said final torque level (MF).
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé d'auto-programmation d'un système de commande informatisé d'une boulonneuse électrique permettant de commander le processus de serrage d'un certain nombre d'assemblages par vissage similaires sur un niveau de couple final souhaité (MF), selon lequel le serrage de l'assemblage par vissage est effectué au cours d'un processus à deux étapes qui comprend une première étape de serrage à grande vitesse réalisée dans le but d'obtenir un niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT) de l'assemblage par vissage qui soit inférieur au niveau de couple final (MF), et une deuxième étape à faible vitesse qui tend l'assemblage par vissage à partir d'un niveau de couple réellement installé (MP), obtenu en visant le niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT), jusqu'au niveau de couple final (MF),

caractérisé par

un processus de serrage initial de l'assemblage par vissage en visant un niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT) réalisé à une vitesse réduite de la boulonneuse et ajustée successivement jusqu'à un niveau de vitesse maximale (Vmax) au cours d'un certain nombre de processus de serrage qui se suivent dans le but d'obtenir le même niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT), de telle sorte qu'une position angulaire réellement obtenue (&PHgr;1-5) de l'assemblage par vissage à la fin des processus de serrage successifs corresponde à une fraction prédéterminée du niveau de couple final (MF) afin d'adapter le point de changement de vitesse entre la grande vitesse de la première étape de serrage et la faible vitesse de la deuxième étape de serrage,

et un blocage de l'auto-programmation, de telle sorte que tous les processus de serrage ultérieurs sur un certain nombre d'assemblages par vissage similaires utiliseront le même niveau de vitesse maximale (Vmax) dans le but d'obtenir le niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT) au cours de la première étape de serrage à grande vitesse et termineront le processus de serrage au cours d'une deuxième étape de serrage à faible vitesse sur le niveau de couple final (MF).
Procédé selon la revendication 1,

selon lequel

la fraction prédéterminée représente 20 à 50 % du niveau de couple final (MF).
Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2,

selon lequel

l'augmentation successive de la vitesse de la boulonneuse pour obtenir le niveau de vitesse maximale (Vmax) est suivie d'une augmentation successive du niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT) jusqu'à ce que la position angulaire (&PHgr;1-5) obtenue à la fin de la première étape de serrage ne soit pas différente de plus de 20 à 50 % de la position angulaire finale (&PHgr;F).
Procédé d'auto-programmation d'un système de commande informatisé d'une boulonneuse électrique permettant de commander le processus de serrage d'un certain nombre d'assemblages par vissage similaires sur un niveau de couple final souhaité (MF), selon lequel

lequel le serrage de l'assemblage par vissage est effectué au cours d'un processus à deux étapes, qui comprend une première étape de serrage à grande vitesse réalisée dans le but d'obtenir un niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT) de cet assemblage par vissage qui soit inférieur au niveau de couple final (MF), et une deuxième étape à faible vitesse qui tend l'assemblage par vissage à partir d'un niveau de couple réellement installé (MP), obtenu en visant le niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT), jusqu'au niveau de couple final (MF),

caractérisé par

un processus de serrage initial de l'assemblage par vissage en visant un niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT) réalisé à une vitesse réduite de la boulonneuse et ajustée successivement jusqu'à un niveau de vitesse maximale (Vmax) au cours d'un certain nombre de processus de serrage qui se suivent dans le but d'obtenir le même niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT), de telle sorte qu'un couple installé résultant (MP5) à la fin des processus de serrage successifs corresponde à une fraction prédéterminée du niveau de couple final (MF), afin d'adapter le point de changement de vitesse entre la grande vitesse de la première étape de serrage et la faible vitesse de la deuxième étape de serrage,

et un blocage de l'auto-programmation, de telle sorte que tous les processus de serrage ultérieurs sur un certain nombre d'assemblages par vissage similaires utiliseront le même niveau de vitesse maximale (Vmax) dans le but d'obtenir le niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT) au cours de la première étape de serrage à grande vitesse et termineront le processus de serrage au cours d'une deuxième étape de serrage à faible vitesse sur le niveau de couple final (MF).
Procédé selon la revendication 4,

selon lequel

l'augmentation successive de la vitesse de la boulonneuse pour obtenir le niveau de vitesse maximale (Vmax) est suivie d'une augmentation successive du niveau de couple cible préliminaire (MPT) jusqu'à ce que la valeur du couple de précontrainte réellement obtenue (MP) atteigne la fraction prédéterminée du niveau de couple final (MF).
Procédé selon la revendication 4 ou 5,

selon lequel

la fraction prédéterminée représente 50 à 80 % du niveau de couple final (MF).






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