PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1406053 30.08.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001406053
Titel Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Aufbereitung und Erzeugung von CO2 unter hohem Druck
Anmelder The Boc Group, Inc., Murray Hill, N.J., US
Erfinder Leitch, Kelly, Nampa Indiana 83687, US;
Silveira, Danny, Tracy California 95376, US
Vertreter Fleuchaus & Gallo, Patentanwalt Wolfgang Gallo, 86152 Augsburg
DE-Aktenzeichen 60314954
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.09.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 032561839
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 07.04.2004
EP date of grant 18.07.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 30.08.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse F25J 3/08(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a process and apparatus for producing a purified and pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream according to the preamble of claims 1 and 11, respectively. Such a process and apparatus are known from US-B-6 327 872 .

BACKGROUND

Highly pressurized, purified liquid carbon dioxide is required for a variety of industrial processes. Such highly pressurized liquid is produced by purifying industrial grade liquid carbon dioxide that is available at about 13 to 23 bar (1.3 to 2.3 MPa) and then pumping the liquid to a pressure of anywhere from between about 20 and about 68 bar (2 to 6.8 MPa). The problem with pumping, however, is that impurities such as particulates or hydrocarbons can be introduced into the product stream as a byproduct of mechanical pump operation.

U.S.-B-6,327,872 is directed to a method and apparatus for producing a pressurized high purity liquid carbon dioxide stream in which a feed stream composed of carbon dioxide vapor is purified within a purifying filter and then condensed within a condenser. The resulting liquid is then alternately introduced and dispensed from two first and second pressure accumulation chambers on a continuous basis, in which one of the first and second pressure accumulation chambers acts in a dispensing role while the other is being filled.

High purity CO2 can be used for the cleaning of optical components using the solvation and momentum transfer effects of CO2 when sprayed onto the optics. These benefits are achieved only if the purity of the CO2 is very high and the CO2 is delivered at a high pressure.

SUMMARY

The present invention relates to a process and apparatus for producing a purified and pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream in which a feed stream composed of carbon dioxide vapor is condensed into a liquid that is subsequently pressurized, such as by being heated within a chamber.

A batch process is provided for producing a pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream comprising:

  • introducing the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream into at least one purifying filter,
  • condensing a purified feed stream within a condenser to form an intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream;
  • introducing the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream into at least one high-pressure accumulation chamber;
  • heating said high pressure accumulation chamber to pressurize the liquid carbon dioxide contained therein to a delivery pressure; and,
  • delivering a pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream from the high-pressure accumulation chamber; and,
  • discontinuing delivery of the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream for replenishing the high pressure accumulation chamber characterized in that the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream is drawn out of a bulk supply tank containing liquid carbon dioxide and in that a portion of the liquid carbon dioxide in the bulk supply tank is drawn through a conduit, vaporized and is returned to the head space of the tank so as to maintain the pressure therein relatively constant.

The process may include venting the high-pressure accumulation chamber to the condenser to facilitate introduction of the intermediate liquid stream into the accumulation chamber. In certain embodiments, the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream is accumulated in a receiver prior to introduction into the high-pressure accumulation chamber, and in certain embodiments, the condenser is integral with the receiver.

In one embodiment, the process includes passing the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream through a particle filter prior to delivery to a cleaning process.

The invention also provides apparatus for producing a purified, pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream comprising:

  • a purifying filter or filters for purifying a carbon dioxide vapor feed stream;
  • a condenser for condensing the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream into an intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream;
  • a receiver for accumulating the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream;
  • a high-pressure accumulation chamber for accepting the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream from the receiver;
  • a heater for heating the high-pressure accumulation chamber for pressurizing the carbon dioxide liquid contained therein to a delivery pressure;
  • a sensor or sensors for detecting when the high-pressure accumulation chamber requires replenishment of liquid carbon dioxide;
  • a flow network having conduits connecting the filter or filters, the condenser, the receiver and the high-pressure accumulation chamber and for discharging said pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream therefrom;
  • the conduits of said flow network including a vent line from the high-pressure accumulation chamber to the condenser to facilitate introduction of the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream into the accumulation chamber; and,
  • the flow network having valves associated with said conduits to allow for isolation of components of the apparatus, characterized in that the apparatus additionally comprises a bulk supply tank (10) for containing liquid carbon dioxide, from which tank (10) the carbon dioxide feed stream is able, in use, to be drawn out, a conduit connecting the tank (10) and the filter or filters (13, 14), a conduit (16) through which a portion of the liquid carbon dioxide in the tank (10) is able to be drawn out, and a vaporization means (17) into which, in use, the said portion of the liquid carbon dioxide is able to be introduced, the vaporization means (17) having an outlet communicating with the head space of the tank (10), whereby, in use, the pressure in the tank (10) is able to be maintained relatively constant.

In one embodiment, a particle filter is connected to the flow network to filter the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream.

In certain embodiments, the condenser includes an external refrigeration circuit having a heat exchanger to condense the vapor feed stream through indirect heat exchange with a refrigerant stream. In certain embodiments, the condenser is integral with the receiver.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The apparatus and process according to the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • Figure 1 is a schematic view of a first apparatus for carrying out the process; and
  • Figure 2 is a schematic view of an alternative apparatus for carrying out the process.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The process described below with reference to the drawings includes introducing a feed stream comprising carbon dioxide vapor into a purifying filter, such as for carrying out gas phase purification; condensing the purified CO2 stream, such as by use of mechanical refrigeration or cryogenic refrigerants; isolating the high purity liquid CO2; and, vaporizing a portion of the liquid CO2, such as by using a heater element, to achieve the target pressure.

In one embodiment, the process operating cycle is designed to maintain a continuous supply of high-pressure pure liquid carbon dioxide for a period up to about 16 hours, with about 8 hours to reset the system, that is, to replenish the high purity liquid carbon dioxide available for delivery. An example of the operating cycle and corresponding "Modes", and the logic controlling the cycle of the system is presented below in Table 1.

By way of example, in one embodiment, gaseous carbon dioxide is withdrawn from a bulk tank of liquid carbon dioxide.

From the bulk tank, the gaseous carbon dioxide passes through a coalescing filter, providing a second level of purification. The gaseous carbon dioxide is re-condensed in a low-pressure accumulator, providing the third level of purification by removing the non-condensable hydrocarbons. The low-pressure liquid is then transferred to a high-pressure accumulator. Once filled, an electric heater pressurizes the accumulator up to the desired pressure set-point. Upon reaching the pressure set point, the accumulator enters Ready mode (Mode 4, as in Table 1). In one embodiment, the process maintains high purity liquid carbon dioxide to the point of use for a period of up to about 16 hours. After the liquid has been expended, the system may return to Mode 1 and repeat the operating sequence.

With reference to Figure 1, a carbon dioxide purification and supply apparatus is shown generally. From a bulk supply of liquid carbon dioxide 10, a feed stream 11 comprising carbon dioxide vapor is formed, and is introduced into a purifying particle filter 13 and a coalescing filter 14 which can be any of a number of known, commercially available filters, for a second stage purification. Valves 12 and 15 are provided to enable the purifying filter(s) 13,14 to be isolated whenever desired. The bulk supply may be a tank of liquid CO2 maintained at about 300 psig (2.1 MPa) and about 0° F (-18° C). As carbon dioxide vapor is drawn out of the bulk supply tank, a portion of the liquid carbon dioxide in the bulk tank is drawn through conduit 16 and introduced to a pressure build device 17 such as an electric or steam vaporizer or the like, to maintain the pressure relatively constant within the bulk supply tank even though carbon dioxide vapor is being removed. The vaporizer takes liquid CO2 from the supply tank and uses heat to change the CO2 from the liquid phase to the gas phase. The resulting CO2 gas is introduced back into the headspace of the supply tank.

The feed stream 11 after having been purified in the second stage is introduced into a condenser 18 that is provided with a heat exchanger 21 to condense the carbon dioxide vapor into a liquid 19. Such condensation is effected by an external refrigeration unit 22 that circulates a refrigeration stream through the heat exchanger, preferably of shell and tube design. Isolation valves 28 and 29 can be provided to isolate whenever desired refrigeration unit 22 and its refrigerant feed line 26 and return line 27. The liquid carbon dioxide 19 is temporarily stored in a receiver vessel 20, that is, a low pressure accumulator. The level of liquid in the receiver vessel 20 is controlled by a level sensor 44 (such as a level differential pressure transducer) and a pressure sensor 54 (such as a pressure transducer) via a controller (not shown), such as a programmable logic computer.

An intermediate liquid stream comprising high purity CO2 liquid 24 is introduced from the receiver vessel 20 into a high-pressure accumulation chamber 30. The high-pressure accumulation chamber 30 is heated, for example, by way of an electrical heater 31, to pressurize the liquid to a delivery pressure of the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream to be produced by apparatus 1.

An insulation jacket 23, such as formed of polyurethane or the equivalent, can be disposed about the condenser 18, the conduit for carrying the liquid CO2 19, the high pressure accumulation vessel 30, and the outlet conduit 32 and associated valves to maintain the desired temperature of the liquid CO2.

A valve network controls the flow within the apparatus 1. In this regard, fill control valve 25 controls the flow of the intermediate liquid stream from the receiver vessel 20 to the high-pressure accumulation chamber 30. Control of the flow of the high pressure liquid carbon dioxide through outlet conduit 32 is effected by product control valve 34. Drain valve 33 also is connected to outlet conduit 32 for sampling or venting, as needed. The venting of the high-pressure accumulation chamber 30 via vent line (conduit) 51 to the condenser 18 is controlled by vent control valve 52. A pressure relief line 55 from the condenser 18 to the receiver vessel 20 passes vapor from the receiver vessel 20 back to the condenser 18 as liquid carbon dioxide 19 enters the receiver vessel 20.

A pressure sensor 53 (such as a pressure transducer) monitors the pressure and a level sensor 45 (such as a level differential pressure transducer) monitors the level of liquid carbon dioxide within the high-pressure accumulation chamber 30 in order to control the heater 31 for vaporizing a portion of the liquid carbon dioxide, so that a desired pressure of the liquid carbon dioxide can be supplied therefrom. A temperature sensor (not shown) can monitor the liquid carbon dioxide temperature in the heater 31 or accumulation chamber 30.

The process has six operating sequences, or modes, for the high-pressure carbon dioxide accumulator (AC-1). The cycle logic controls the valves, heaters and refrigeration according to these modes. Table 1 lists the possible operation modes. Table 1. High-Pressure Accumulator Status Modes. Mode Designation Description Offline 0 All valves closed, heaters off, refrigeration off. Vent 1 Depressurize accumulator 30 prior to refilling with low-pressure liquid. Vent valve 52 open. Fill valve 25 and product valve 34 closed. Refrigeration on. Fill 2 Filling accumulator 30 with low-pressure liquid. Vent valve 52 and fill valve 25 open. Product valve 34 closed. Refrigeration on. Pressurize 3 Pressurizing accumulator 30 up to the set point (i.e. using electric immersion heater 31). Vent, fill and product valves closed. Ready 4 System hold at pressure awaits dispensing high pressure liquid. Vent, fill and product valves closed. Online 5 System supplying high-pressure liquid. Product valve 34 open. Vent valve 52 and fill valve 25 closed.

High pressure carbon dioxide from the high pressure accumulator travels through outlet conduit 32 and may be again purified in a further purification stage by one of two particle filters 41 and 42. The particle filters 41 and 42 can be isolated by valves 35,36 and 37,38 respectively, so that one filter can be operational while the other is isolated from the conduit by closure of its respective valves, for cleaning or replacement. The high pressure, purified liquid carbon dioxide stream 43 emerges from the final filtration stage for use in the desired process, such as cleaning of optic elements.

The optical component to be processed is contacted with high purity CO2 directly in a cleaning chamber, such that the contamination residue is dissolved and dislodged by the CO2. The liquid CO2 may be supplied to the cleaning chamber at about 700 psig to about 950 psig (4.8 MPa to 6.6 MPa) or higher.

When the high-pressure accumulation chamber 30 is near empty, as sensed by level sensor 45 and/or the pressure sensor 53, vent control valve 52 opens to vent the high-pressure accumulation chamber. Fill control valve 25 opens to allow intermediate liquid stream 24 to fill the high-pressure accumulation chamber 30. When the differential pressure sensor indicates the completion of the filling, control valves 25 and 52 close, and the liquid carbon dioxide is heated by electrical heater 31 to again pressurize the liquid within the high-pressure accumulation chamber 30.

Pressure relief valves 46,47,48 may be provided for safety purposes, in connection with the high-pressure accumulation chamber 30, receiver vessel 20, and condenser 18, respectively.

Other exemplary embodiment(s) of the apparatus are shown in Figure 2. Elements shown in Figure 2 which correspond to the elements described above with respect to Figure 1 have been designated by corresponding reference numbers. The elements of Figure 2 are designed for use in the same manner as those in Figure 1 unless otherwise stated.

With reference to Figure 2, an alternative carbon dioxide purification and supply apparatus is shown generally at 2. From a bulk supply of liquid carbon dioxide 10, a feed stream 11 comprising carbon dioxide vapor is distilled in a first purification stage, and is introduced into a purifying particle filter 13 and a coalescing filter 14 which can be any of a number of known, commercially available filters, for a second stage purification. Valves 12 and 15 are provided to isolate the purifying filter(s) 13,14.

The feed stream 11 after having been purified in the second stage is introduced into the receiver vessel 20 that is provided with a heat exchanger 21 to condense the carbon dioxide vapor into a liquid. Such condensation is effected by an external refrigeration unit 22 that circulates a refrigeration stream through the heat exchanger, preferably of shell and tube design. Isolation valves 28 and 29 can be provided to isolate refrigeration unit 22 and its refrigerant feed line 26 and return line 27. The liquid carbon dioxide is temporarily stored in the receiver vessel 20, that is, a low pressure accumulator.

As may be appreciated, since vapor is being condensed within receiver 20, a separation of any impurities present within the vapor might be effected by which the more volatile impurities would remain in uncondensed vapor and less volatile impurities would be condensed into the liquid. Although not illustrated, sample lines might be connected to the receiver vessel 20 for sampling and drawing off liquid and vapor as necessary to lower impurity concentration within the receiver.

An intermediate liquid stream comprising high purity liquid 24 is introduced into first and second pressure accumulation chambers 30a and 30b. First and second pressure accumulation chambers 30a and 30b are heated, preferably by way of electrical heater 31, to pressurize the liquid to a delivery pressure of the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream to be produced by apparatus 2.

A valve network controls the flow within the apparatus. In this regard, fill control valve 25 controls the flow of the intermediate liquid stream from the receiver 20 to the high-pressure accumulation chambers 30a and 30b. Control of the flow of the high pressure liquid carbon dioxide through outlet conduit 32 is effected by product control valve 34. Drain valve 33 also is connected to outlet conduit 32 for sampling or venting, as desired. The venting of the high-pressure accumulation chamber 30 via vent line (conduit) 51 to the condenser 18 is controlled by vent control valve 52.

First and second high pressure accumulation chambers 30a and 30b may be interconnected by conduit 39 without an isolation valve interposed there between, so that both act effectively as a single unit, at lower cost.

A pressure sensor 53 (such as a pressure transducer) monitors the pressure and a level sensor 45 (such as a level differential pressure transducer) monitors the level of liquid carbon dioxide within the high-pressure accumulators 30a and 30b in order to control the heater 31 for vaporizing a portion of the liquid carbon dioxide, so that a desired pressure of the liquid carbon dioxide can be supplied therefrom.

High pressure carbon dioxide from the high pressure accumulator travels through outlet conduit 32 and is again purified in a further purification stage by one of two particle filters 41 and 42. The particle filters 41 and 42 can be isolated by valves 35,36 and 37,38 respectively, so that one filter can be operational while the other is isolated from the conduit by closure of its respective valves, for cleaning or replacement. The high pressure, purified liquid carbon dioxide stream 43 emerges from the final filtration stage for use in the desired process as described above. When the requirement for the purified carbon dioxide stream 43 is no longer needed, or can no longer be met, the apparatus begins a replenishment cycle. That is, after Mode 5 is complete, the system can return sequentially to Mode 1, Mode 2, and so on, as set forth in Table 1.

Further features of the apparatus and process include a fully automated microprocessor controller which continuously monitors system operation providing fault detection, pressure control and valve sequencing, ensuring purifier reliability, while minimizing operator involvement. By way of example and not limitation, level sensors 44,45, pressure sensors 53,54, and temperature sensors can provide information for the controller, in order to provide instructions to flow control valves 15,34,52, or pressure relief valves 46,47,48.

The apparatus may include system alarms to detect potential hazards, such as temperature or pressure excursions, to ensure system integrity. Alarm and warning conditions may be indicated at the operator interface and may be accompanied by an alarm beeper. A human machine interface displays valve operation, operating mode, warning and alarm status, sequence timers, system temperature and pressure, heater power levels, and system cycle count.

In summary, industrial grade CO2 gas is pulled off of the head space of a supply tank (Stage 1). The higher purity gas phase is passed through at least a coalescing filter, reducing the condensable hydrocarbon concentration and resulting in a higher level of purity (Stage 2). Stage 3 includes a mechanical or cryogenic refrigeration system to effect a phase change from the gas phase back to the liquid phase. All non-condensable hydrocarbons and impurities are thus removed from the operative carbon dioxide liquid stream.

The subject apparatus and process permits cyclic operation of the process, rather than continuous feed operation. The apparatus and process is also of a more economical design (by approximately half) due to the reduction from continuous or multi-batch to single batch operation. The apparatus and process is further of a more economical design than prior art systems, due to the omission of accessory equipment like boilers and condensers. The reduced footprint allows for location of the apparatus closer to the point of use, resulting in less liquid carbon dioxide boil-off.


Anspruch[de]
Chargenverfahren zur Herstellung eines druckbeaufschlagten Flüssigkohlendioxidstroms, das umfasst: Einleiten eines Kohlendioxiddampf-Speisestroms in mindestens einen Reinigungsfilter, Kondensieren des gereinigten Speisestroms in einen Kondensator zur Bildung eines Flüssigkohlendioxid-Zwischenstroms, Einleiten des Flüssigkohlendioxid-Zwischenstroms in mindestens eine Hochdrucksammelkammer, Erwärmen der Hochdrucksammelkammer zur Druckbeaufschlagung des darin enthaltenen Flüssigkohlendioxids auf einen Abgabedruck, Abgeben eines druckbeaufschlagten Flüssigkohlendioxidstroms aus der Hochdrucksammelkammer, und Unterbrechen der Abgabe des druckbeaufschlagten Flüssigkohlendioxidstroms zum Auffüllen der Hochdrucksammelkammer, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Kohlendioxiddampf-Speisestrom von einem Massenzufuhrtank abgezogen wird, der Flüssigkohlendioxid enthält, und dass ein Teil des Flüssigkohlendioxids in dem Massenzufuhrtanks durch eine Leitung abgezogen, verdampft und in den Kopfraum des Tanks zurückgeführt wird, um den Druck darin relativ konstant zu halten. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dass weiter das Entlüften der Hochdrucksammelkammer in den Kondensator umfasst, um das Einleiten des flüssigen Zwischenstroms in die Sammelkammer zu erleichtern. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, das weiter das Leiten des Stroms durch einen Teilchenfilter stromauf der Abgabe zu einem Substratreinigungsprozess umfasst. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche wobei der Speisestrom in den Kondensator durch indirekten Wärmeaustausch mit einem Kühlmittelstrom umfasst. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das weiter das Ansammeln des Flüssigkohlendioxid-Zwischenstroms in einem Aufnehmer stromauf der Einleitung in die Hochdrucksammelkammer umfasst. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Kondensator einstückig mit dem Aufnehmer ausgebildet ist. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das weiter das Feststellen umfasst, wenn die Hochdrucksammelkammer ein Auffüllen mit Flüssigkohlendioxid benötigt. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Hochdrucksammelkammer elektrisch beheizt wird. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kohlendioxiddampf-Speisestrom in einen Koaleszenzfilter eingeleitet wird. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kohlendioxiddampf-Speisestrom in einen Teilchenfilter eingeleitet wird. Gerät zum Erzeugen eines gereinigten druckbeaufschlagten Flüssigkohlendioxidstroms, das umfasst: Ein oder mehrere Reinigungsfilter (13, 14) zum Reinigen eines Kohlendioxiddampf-Speisestroms, einen Kondensator (18) zum Kondensieren des Kohlendioxiddampf-Speisestroms zu einem Flüssigkohlendioxid-Zwischenstrom, einen Aufnehmer (20) zum Ansammeln des Flüssigkohlendioxid-Zwischenstroms, eine Hochdrucksammelkammer (30) zum Aufnehmen des Flüssigkohlendioxid-Zwischenstroms aus dem Aufnehmer (20), eine Heizung (31) zum Beheizen der Hochdrucksammelkammer (30) zum Druckbeaufschlagen des darin enthaltenen Flüssigkohlendioxids auf einen Abgabedruck, einen oder mehrere Fühler (45, 53) zum Feststellen, wenn die Hochdrucksammelkammer ein Auffüllen mit Flüssigkohlendioxid benötigt, ein Strömungsnetzwerk mit Leitungen, welche den Filter oder die Filter (13, 14), den Kondensator (18), den Aufnehmer (20), und die Hochdrucksammelkammer (30) miteinander verbinden und zum Austragen des Flüssigkohlendioxidstroms aus dieser, wobei die Leitungen des Strömungsnetzwerks eine Entlüfteleitung (51) aus der Hochdrucksammelkammer (30) zum Kondensator (18) umfassen, um das Einleiten des Flüssigkohlendioxid-Zwischenstroms in die Sammelkammer (30) zu erleichtern, und wobei das Strömungsnetzwerk gegebenenfalls den Leitungen zugeordnete Ventile aufweist, um das Abtrennen von Komponenten des Geräts zu ermöglichen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Gerät zusätzlich einen Massenzufuhrtank (10) zur Aufnahme von Flüssigkohlendioxid aufweist, aus welchem Tank (10) der Kohlendioxid-Speisestrom im Betrieb abgezogen werden kann, eine den Tank (10) mit dem Filter oder den Filtern (13, 14) verbindenden Leitung, eine Leitung (16), durch welche ein Teil des Flüssigkohlendioxids in dem Tank (10) abgezogen werden kann, und ein Verdampfungsmittel (17) aufweist, in welchen in Gebrauch der genannte Teil des Flüssigkohlendioxids eingeleitet werden kann, wobei das Verdampfungsmittel (17) einen mit dem Kopfraum des Tanks (10) in Verbindung stehenden Auslass aufweist, wodurch im Betrieb der Druck im Tank (10) relativ konstant gehalten werden kann. Gerät nach Anspruch 11, das weiter einen Teilchenfilter (41, 42) aufweist, der mit dem Strömungsnetzwerk verbunden ist, um den druckbeaufschlagten Flüssigkohlendioxidstrom zu filtern. Gerät nach Anspruch 11 oder Anspruch 12, wobei der Kondensator (18) einen externen Kühlkreislauf mit einem Wärmetauscher (21) zum Kondensieren des Dampfspeisestroms durch indirekten Wärmeaustausch mit einem Kühlmittelstrom aufweist. Gerät nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 13, wobei der Kondensator (18) einstückig mit dem Aufnehmer (20) ausgebildet ist. Gerät nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 14, wobei die Heizung einen elektrischen Heizer umfasst. Gerät nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 15, wobei der Reinigungsfilter für den Kohlendioxiddampf-Speisestrom ein Koaleszenzfilter (14) umfasst. Gerät nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 16, wobei der Reinigungsfilter für den Kohlendioxiddampf-Speisestrom einen Teilchenfilter (13) aufweist.
Anspruch[en]
A batch process for producing a pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream comprising: introducing a carbon dioxide vapor feed stream into at least one purifying filter; condensing the purified feed stream within a condenser to form an intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream; introducing the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream into at least one high-pressure accumulation chamber; heating said high pressure accumulation chamber to pressurize the liquid carbon dioxide contained therein to a delivery pressure; delivering a pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream from the high-pressure accumulation chamber; and, discontinuing delivery of the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream for replenishing the high pressure accumulation chamber, characterized in that the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream is drawn out of a bulk supply tank containing liquid carbon dioxide and in that a portion of the liquid carbon dioxide in the bulk supply tank is drawn through a conduit, vaporized and is returned to the head space of the tank so as to maintain the pressure therein relatively constant. A process according to claim 1, further comprising venting the high-pressure accumulation chamber to the condenser to facilitate introduction of the intermediate liquid stream into the accumulation chamber. A process according to claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising passing the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream through a particle filter upstream of delivery to a substrate cleaning process. A process according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein said feed stream is condensed within said condenser through indirect heat exchange with a refrigerant stream. A process according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising accumulating the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream in a receiver upstream of introduction into the high-pressure accumulation chamber. A process according to claim 5, wherein the condenser is integral with the receiver. A process according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising detecting when the high-pressure accumulation chamber requires replenishment of liquid carbon dioxide. A process according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the high-pressure accumulation chamber is electrically heated. A process according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream is introduced into a coalescing filter. A process according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream is introduced into a particle filter. An apparatus for producing a purified, pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream comprising: a purifying filter or filters (13, 14) for purifying a carbon dioxide vapor feed stream; a condenser (18) for condensing the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream into an intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream; a receiver (20) for accumulating the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream; a high-pressure accumulation chamber (30) for accepting the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream from the receiver (20); a heater (31) for heating the high-pressure accumulation chamber (30) for pressurizing the carbon dioxide liquid contained therein to a delivery pressure; a sensor or sensors (45, 53) for detecting when the high-pressure accumulation chamber requires replenishment of liquid carbon dioxide; a flow network having conduits connecting the filter or filters (13, 14), the condenser (18), the receiver (20) and the high-pressure accumulation chamber (30) and for discharging the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream therefrom; the conduits of said flow network including a vent line (51) from the high-pressure accumulation chamber (30) to the condenser (18) to facilitate introduction of the intermediate liquid carbon dioxide stream into the accumulation chamber (30); and, the flow network optionally having valves associated with said conduits to allow for isolation of components of the apparatus, characterized in that the apparatus additionally comprises a bulk supply tank (10) for containing liquid carbon dioxide, from which tank (10) the carbon dioxide feed stream is able, in use, to be drawn out, a conduit connecting the tank (10) and the filter of filters (13, 14), a conduit (16) through which a portion of the liquid carbon dioxide in the tank (10) is able to be drawn out, and a vaporization means (17) into which, in use, the said portion of the liquid carbon dioxide is able to be introduced, the vaporization means (17) having an outlet communicating with the head space of the tank (10), whereby, in use, the pressure in the tank (10) is able to be maintained relatively constant. An apparatus according to claim 11, further comprising a particle filter (41, 42) connected to the flow network to filter the pressurized liquid carbon dioxide stream. An apparatus according to claim 11 or claim 12, wherein the condenser (18) includes an external refrigeration circuit having a heat exchanger (21) to condense the vapor feed stream through indirect heat exchange with a refrigerant stream. An apparatus according to any one of claims 11 to 13, wherein the condenser (18) is integral with the receiver (20). An apparatus according to any one of claims 11 to 14, wherein the heater comprises an electrical heater. An apparatus according to any one of claims 11 to 15, wherein the purifying filter for the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream comprises a coalescing filter (14). An apparatus according to any one of claims 11 to 16, wherein the purifying filter for the carbon dioxide vapor feed stream comprises a particle filter (13).
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé discontinu de production d'un courant de dioxyde de carbone liquide sous pression, comprenant : l'introduction d'un courant d'alimentation d'une vapeur de dioxyde de carbone dans au moins un filtre épurateur ; la condensation du courant d'alimentation épuré dans un condenseur pour former un courant intermédiaire de dioxyde de carbone liquide ; l'introduction du courant intermédiaire de dioxyde de carbone liquide dans au moins une chambre d'accumulation à haute pression ; le chauffage de ladite chambre d'accumulation à haute pression pour mettre sous pression le dioxyde de carbone liquide qui y est continu jusqu'à une pression de distribution ; la distribution d'un courant de dioxyde de carbone liquide sous pression depuis la chambre d'accumulation à haute pression ; et l'interruption de la distribution du courant de dioxyde de carbone liquide sous pression afin de refaire le plein de la chambre d'accumulation à haute pression, caractérisé en ce que le courant d'alimentation d'une vapeur de dioxyde de carbone est soutiré d'un réservoir d'approvisionnement en vrac contenant du dioxyde de carbone liquide et en ce qu 'une fraction du dioxyde de carbone liquide dans le réservoir d'approvisionnement en vrac est soutirée par un conduit, vaporisée puis renvoyée à l'espace libre de tête du réservoir afin de maintenir relativement constante la pression dans celui-ci. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant de plus la purge de la chambre d'accumulation à haute pression vers le condenseur pour faciliter l'introduction du courant intermédiaire liquide dans la chambre d'accumulation. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, comprenant de plus le passage du courant de dioxyde de carbone liquide sous pression à travers un filtre à particules en amont de sa distribution à un processus de nettoyage d'un substrat. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit courant d'alimentation est condensé dans ledit condenseur par échange indirect de chaleur avec un courant de réfrigérant. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant de plus l'accumulation du courant intermédiaire de dioxyde de carbone liquide dans un récipient collecteur en amont de son introduction dans la chambre d'accumulation à haute pression. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le condenseur est solidaire du récipient collecteur. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant de plus la détection du moment où la chambre d'accumulation à haute pression réclame un réapprovisionnement en dioxyde de carbone liquide. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la chambre d'accumulation à haute pression est chauffée par électricité. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le courant d'alimentation d'une vapeur de dioxyde de carbone est introduit dans un filtre coalescent. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le courant d'alimentation d'une vapeur de dioxyde de carbone est introduit dans un filtre à particules. Dispositif pour la production d'un courant épuré de dioxyde de carbone liquide sous pression, comprenant : un filtre ou des filtres épurateur(s) (13, 14) pour épurer un courant d'alimentation d'une vapeur de dioxyde de carbone; un condenseur (18) pour condenser le courant d'alimentation de vapeur de dioxyde de carbone en un courant intermédiaire de dioxyde de carbone liquide ; un récipient collecteur (20) pour accumuler le courant intermédiaire de dioxyde de carbone liquide ; une chambre d'accumulation à haute pression (30) pour recevoir le courant intermédiaire de dioxyde de carbone liquide du récipient collecteur (20) ; un réchauffeur (31) pour chauffer ladite chambre d'accumulation à haute pression (30) afin de mettre sous pression le dioxyde de carbone liquide qui y est continu jusqu'à une pression de distribution ; un capteur ou des capteurs (45, 53) pour détecter le moment où la chambre d'accumulation à haute pression réclame un réapprovisionnement en dioxyde de carbone liquide , un réseau d'écoulement comprenant des conduits reliant le filtre ou les filtres (13, 14), le condenseur (18), le récipient collecteur (20) et la chambre d'accumulation à haute pression (30) et pour en évacuer le courant de dioxyde de carbone liquide sous pression ; les conduits dudit réseau d'écoulement comprenant une conduite d'évacuation (51) de la chambre (30) d'accumulation à haute pression vers le condenseur (18) pour faciliter l'introduction du courant intermédiaire de dioxyde de carbone liquide dans la chambre d'accumulation (30) ; et le réseau d'écoulement comportant éventuellement des vannes associées auxdits conduits pour permettre l'isolement des composants du dispositif, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comprend additionnellement un réservoir (10) d'approvisionnement en vrac prévu pour contenir du dioxyde de carbone liquide, réservoir (10) duquel le courant d'alimentation en dioxyde de carbone peut, à l'utilisation, être soutiré, un conduit reliant le réservoir (10) et le filtre ou les filtres (13, 14), un conduit (16) par lequel une fraction du dioxyde de carbone liquide dans le réservoir (10) peut être est soutirée, et un moyen de vaporisation (17) dans lequel, à l'utilisation, ladite fraction du dioxyde de carbone liquide peut être introduite, le moyen de vaporisation (17) possédant un orifice de sortie communiquant avec l'espace libre de tête du réservoir (10), grâce à quoi, à l'utilisation, la pression dans le réservoir (10) peut être maintenue relativement constante. Dispositif selon la revendication 11, comprenant de plus un filtre (41, 42) à particules raccordé au réseau d'écoulement afin de filtrer le courant de dioxyde de carbone liquide sous pression. Dispositif selon la revendication 11 ou la revendication 12, dans lequel le condenseur (18) comprend un circuit de réfrigération externe comprenant un échangeur de chaleur (21) pour condenser le courant d'alimentation de vapeur par échange indirect de chaleur avec un courant de réfrigérant. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 11 à 13, dans lequel le condenseur (18) est solidaire du récipient collecteur (20). Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 11 à 14, dans lequel le réchauffeur comprend un réchauffeur électrique. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 11 à 15, dans lequel le filtre épurateur pour le courant d'alimentation de vapeur de dioxyde de carbone comprend un filtre coalescent (14). Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 11 à 16, dans lequel le filtre épurateur pour le courant d'alimentation de vapeur de dioxyde de carbone comprend un filtre (13) à particules.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com