PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0800915 06.09.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000800915
Titel Thermoformbarer mehrschichtiger Polymerfilm
Anmelder American National Can Co., Chicago, Ill., US
Erfinder Shepard, Mary E., Oshkosh, Wisconsin 54901, US;
Blemberg, Robert J., Appleton, Wisconsin 54915, US;
Middleton, Scott W., Oshkosh, Wisconsin 54904, US;
Jesse, Jerry F., Neenah, Wisconsin 54956, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69737944
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 13.02.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 974200230
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 15.10.1997
EP date of grant 25.07.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 06.09.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 47/88(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B32B 27/08(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   B32B 27/04(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   B32B 27/34(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention is in the field of thermoplastic polymeric films which may be used for the packaging of products, especially food products such as meat and cheese. More specifically, the invention is in the field of polymeric thermoplastic films that are thermoformable i.e., may be softened through the application of heat, distorted to a desired shape, and cooled.

Polymeric films are widely used in the packaging field for the packaging of products, especially food products. Films used for the packaging of food generally contain multiple layers, in which each layer adds certain desired physical or chemical properties to the completed film. For example, an "oxygen barrier layer" serves to protect the packaged food from spoiling. Oxygen barrier properties are necessary to protect many packaged foods over an extended shelf life. Additionally, an "abuse layer" may serve to protect the packaged product from physical abuse or stresses caused by the normal handling of the product during packaging, shipping, or during commercialization.

Although each of the layers of a polymeric film serve a particular purpose, the film itself must be stable, and the layers must remain together and not delaminate.

One polymer typically used as a barrier layer is ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymers ("EVOH") which are also known as saponified or hydrolyzed ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers. In addition to its desirable properties as a barrier to oxygen and other gases, EVOH is also an effective barrier to odors, fragrances, solvents and oils. EVOH also has good properties of processability, i.e. in comparison with other polymers it is relatively easy to process into a layer of a multilayer film. EVOH and EVOH copolymers are generally classified according to ethylene content, for example by mole percent. Typically, as the percentage of ethylene increases in relatively low humidity applications, the gas barrier properties decrease, moisture barrier properties improve, and the resin is more processable. At higher levels of humidity, for example at levels that are common for the packaging of meat, of from 90% to 92% humidity, higher ethylene content results in an increase in the moisture barrier properties.

However, there are in general some difficulties with the use of EVOH copolymer in polymeric films. For example, in comparison with other resins EVOH copolymers have poor impact resistance, poor flex crack resistance, and poor drawability.

In order to protect the EVOH layer, which is as previously noted poor in impact and flex crack resistance, additional layers must be added to cover the EVOH layer. One such layer which may be used to protect the EVOH layer is a layer comprising a polyamide. A polyamide is a high molecular weight polymer having amide linkages along the molecular chain structure. Nylon polyamides, which are synthetic polyamides, have favorable physical properties of high strength, stiffness and abrasion resistance.

It is known in the art of making polymeric films to construct a multilayer film with a barrier layer of EVOH copolymer sandwiched by layers comprising a nylon polyamide. The following patents are of interest in illustrating the prior art polymeric films having a core layer of EVOH between two layers of a nylon.

Commonly owned U.S. Patent No. 4,284,674, to Sheptak , teaches a polymeric thermal insulation product with EVOH core layer adhered on each side to a nylon layer. The nylon layer is adhered to another layer of a polyolefin, such as an oriented polypropylene.

Commonly owned U.S. Patent No. 4,355,721, to Knott , teaches at column 5, lines 44 to 52, a multilayer polymeric film for food packaging having a core barrier layer of EVOH sandwiched between two nylon layers. An adhesive layer and HDPE sealant layer are disposed on one side of one of the nylon layers.

Commonly owned U.S. Patent No. 4,640,852, to Ossian , discloses a multilayer polymeric film with a core layer of EVOH sandwiched between two nylon layers. The film may have additional fourth and fifth layers of an adhesive and a heat sealable polymer, disposed on one side of the nylon layers, and sixth and seventh layers of an adhesive and a LLDPE or propyleneethylene copolymer disposed on the other nylon layer.

U.S. Patent No. 4,695,491, to Kondo , teaches a heat shrinkable composite packaging film. The film has a core layer of EVOH which is surrounded on one side by a first layer of a polymer having a low permeability to hot water, and on the opposing side an outermost layer of antiblocking polymer. The outermost layer may be a nylon.

U.S. Patent No. 4,729,926, to Koteles , discloses at column 4 a polymeric film having the following structure:

  • tie/nylon/EVOH/nylon/tie/LDPE/primer/outer layer The outer layer may be any of various polymeric materials that are suitable barrier materials.

U.S. Patent No. 4,735,855, to Wofford , teaches a seven-layer thermoformable polymeric laminate having the following layer structure:

  • abuse layer/tie/nylon/EVOH/nylon/tie/sealant
The sealant layer may be any of various sealants, including an ionomer. The abuse layer also serves as a moisture barrier layer.

U.S. Patent No. 4,746,562, to Fant , discloses a seven-layer polymeric film having the following layer structure:

  • LLDPE/tie/nylon/EVOH/nylon/tie/LLDPE
Each of the outer LLDPE layers also comprises an antiblocking agent.

U.S. Patent No. 4,755,419, to Shah , discloses an oxygen barrier oriented seven layer heat-shrinkable film of the following layer structure:

  • blend/tie/nylon/EVOH/nylon/tie/blend
The blend used for the outer layers may be a blend of LLDPE, LMDPE and EVA. Alternatively, the outer layers may comprise a blend of ethylene propylene copolymer or polypropylene.

U.S. Patent No. 4,788,105, to Mueller , teaches an oxygen barrier film which is adhered through use of an adhesive layer to a second film comprising a nylon. The film may also comprise an LLDPE outer layer.

U.S. Patent No. 4,816,304, to Nohara , teaches a multilayer gas barrier vessel with a core layer of EVOH sandwiched between two nylon layers, an outer layer of polyester, and an inner layer of polyester.

Commonly owned U.S. Patent No. 4,818,592, to Ossian , teaches a core layer of EVOH sandwiched between two nylon layers. The film may also include a fourth layer of an adhesive and a fifth layer of a heat sealable polymer. In an alternative embodiment the film may also include a sixth layer of an adhesive and a seventh layer of a heat sealable polymer disposed on the fifth layer.

U.S. Patent No. 4,833,696, to Iwanami , discloses a laminate with improved flex crack resistance, drawability and modality, and excellent gas impermeability. The laminate comprises a first layer of an EVOH copolymer and a thermoplastic polyester, and a second layer of a composition consisting of a group including nylon.

U.S. Patent No. 4,855,178, to Langley , discloses a chemical barrier fabric in which a fabric material is laminated to a multilayer film of a layer of EVOH sandwiched between two layers of nylon. A heat-sealable polyethylene layer is disposed on the outside of the sheet material.

U.S. Patent No. 4,909,726, to Bekele , teaches a multilayer polymeric film for chub packaging of the following layer structure:

  • heat seal/abuse layer/tie/nylon/EVOH/nylon/tie
The heat seal layer may be selected from the group consisting of ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer, LDPE, and ethylene ester copolymer, and may include an antiblocking agent. The abuse layer may be a very low density polyethylene or alternatively may be an ionomer.

U.S. Patent No. 4,983,431, to Gibbons , teaches in figure 3 a five-layer polymeric film which is laminated to a substrate such as paperboard. The film has the following layer structure:

  • ionomer/nylon/EVOH/nylon/ionomer
One ionomer layer is laminated to the substrate while the second ionomer layer is coated with a layer of LDPE.

U.S. Patent No. 4,937,112, to Schirmer , teaches a multilayer blown polymeric film for use in chub packaging. The film has a first outer layer of a heat sealable polymeric resin, such as LLDPE, a first interim layer comprising a polymeric material of high molecular weight such as LDPE, HDPE or EVA, a second interim layer comprising a nylon, and a second outer layer comprising a self-weldable polymeric material.

U.S. Patent No. 4,999,229, to Moritani , teaches a multilayered polymeric gas barrier film with an intermediate layer of a composition having 50 to 97 weight percent EVOH and 45 to 3 weight percent nylon. As disclosed in Example 1, a layer of nylon may be disposed in contact with the intermediate layer.

U.S. Patent No. 5,068,077, to Negi , teaches a multilayer polymeric film with a barrier layer of from 70 to 95 weight percent EVOH and from 5 to 30 weight percent nylon. The barrier layer may be sandwiched between two layers of nylon.

U.S. Patent No. 5,194,306, to Blatz , teaches a polymeric blend of a major portion of an amorphous nylon and a minor portion of EVOH for use as a gas barrier in a multilayer polymeric film. In an alternative embodiment at column 6, lines 8 to 11, the invention may comprise a two layer structure with one layer of substantially EVOH and one layer of substantially amorphous nylon- At column B, example 20 discloses a three layer structure comprising a core layer of EVOH sandwiched between two nylon layers.

Document DE-A-41 30 486 discloses a 5-layered coextruded biaxially stretched casing having at least 3 polyamide layers.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It has now been found that a clear multilayer polymeric film of a unique structure, including a core layer of EVOH sandwiched between two nylon layers, or two nylon inner layers and a nylon outer layer, represents an improved multilayer thermoformable polymeric film. The films of the invention are coextruded and then blown into a tubular shape. The films are then cooled by the method of water quenching.

The films of the invention have improved physical properties of "snap back" or "memory" over prior art films. The improved physical properties mean that after the film is used in the packaging of a product the film shrinks or tightly wraps around the product. The films of the invention create a much tighter package than prior art films, and retain tightness over a longer period of time than prior art films.

The films also have improved properties of gloss, and higher clarity and lesser haze than the prior art. The resulting film of the invention produces a packaging material having an improved structure and appearance. The advantages of the films of the invention are especially apparent in thermoforming applications.

The improved physical properties and appearance of the films of the invention are believed to result from the water quenching method in which the films are made. The films are cooled by the application of air as the coextruded film leaves the die. After air cooling the film is cooled by the application of water in direct contact with the film.

The film comprises first and second core layers of nylon. The nylon layers preferably comprise from 5 to 35 percent by weight of an amorphous nylon copolymer that is blended with one or more of various other nylons. Each of the first and second nylon layers may also comprise a nucleating agent.

Disposed between the first and second layers of nylon is a third layer of an adhesive or tie resin. The adhesive resin may be a anhydride modified polyolefin, such as an EVA-based or LLDPE-based adhesive, or any of the various other polymeric adhesives commonly used in the art of making multilayer films. Fourth and fifth layers of the adhesive are disposed in contact with the first and second layers of nylon, respectively.

A sixth outer layer of a nylon is disposed in contact with the fourth layer of an adhesive. Similar to the first and second layers of nylon, the sixth layer preferably comprises from 5 to 35 percent by weight of an amorphous nylon copolymer that is blended with one or more of various other nylons, and may include a nucleating agent and an antiblocking agent.

The seventh layer of the film, the sealant layer, preferably comprises a blend of LLDPE and LDPE. The sealant layer may also comprise EVA, the linear polyethylene ULDPE, EMA, EAA, EMAA, an ionomer, or blends of any of these polymers.

Said thermoformable, multilayer polymeric film does not contains an EVOH core layer.

The films of the invention may be of any thickness. A preferred range of thickness is from 50,8 to 254 µm (2 to 10 mils), and a most preferred range is from 63,5 to 190 µm (2.5 to 7.5 mils).

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1
depicts an embodiment of the films of the invention; and
Fig. 2
depicts a method of making the films of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Figure 1 depicts an embodiment of the films of the invention. In this embodiment, the film does not contain a core layer of EVOH.

In its embodiment, the film may have any thickness, and is preferably of a thickness of from 50.8 to 254 µm (2 to 10 mils), most preferably from 63.5 to 190µm (2.5 to 7.5 mils).

The film has layers 21 and 22 of a nylon, preferably an amorphous nylon copolymer that is blended with a nucleated nylon homopolymer, and more preferably from 5 to 35 percent of an amorphous nylon copolymer. The amorphous nylon copolymers of layers 21 and 22 are blended with various other nylons.

An amorphous nylon copolymer is a particular type of nylon polymer that differs from crystalline or semicrystalline nylons. Amorphous nylon copolymers are characterized by a lack of crystallinity, which can be shown by the lack of an endotherm crystalline melting point in a Differential Scanning Calorimeter ("DSC") test ASTM D-3417.

A lesser degree of crystallinity indicates the ease with which a film can be further fabricated, such as by thermoforming, orienting in the solid state, laminating, or the like. The degree of crystallinity also correlates to the brittleness of the film, and therefore the film's tendency to break or crack when subjected to physical or thermal shock. Physical or thermal shocks generally occur during further converting operations, such as in thermoforming and in the handling involved in fabricating packages, in filling and sealing them, and in shipping the filled and sealed packages in the product distribution system.

An amorphous nylon copolymer is generally a semicrystalline polymer that is made amorphous by rapid quenching of the melt, thereby preventing the development of a crystalline structure and producing a transparent solid. Alternatively, chemical modifications can be made to the chemical backbone of the polymer in order to significantly reduce or eliminate the ability of the polymer chains to organize in an orderly, crystalline arrangement without need for rapid quenching of the melt.

It is known in the art of making polymeric films that amorphous nylon copolymers, like other nylons, are ineffective as moisture barrier layers.

An example of an amorphous nylon copolymer that is suitable for use in the films of the invention is Grivory® G21, manufactured by EMS - American Grilon, Inc. of Sumter, South Carolina. Grivory® G21 has a glass transition temperature by the DSC method of approximately 125° C; a specific gravity of approximately 1.18, as measured by ASTM D792; a moisture absorption after 24 hour immersion of 1.29%, as measured by ASTM D570; and a melt flow index of 90 ml./10 min., as measured by DIN 53735.

Grivory® G21's physical properties include a tensile strength of 10,400 psi (72 MPa), as measured by ASTM D638; 15% elongation at break, as measured by ASTM D638; a flexural strength of 17,300 psi (119 MPa) at ASTM D790; a flexural modulus of 416,000 psi (2868 MPa) at ASTM D790; and a Shore hardness of 80 D-Scale.

In a preferred embodiment, the amorphous nylon copolymer of layers 21 and 22 is blended with a nucleated nylon homopolymer.

In a preferred embodiment, a nucleating agent is added to the amorphous nylon copolymer, or the amorphous nylon copolymer is blended with a nucleated nylon homopolymer. In a more preferred embodiment, the nucleated homopolymer is a high viscosity nucleated homopolymer, with a viscosity of approximately 120 or above. One such nucleating agent is a high viscosity homopolymer such as 3909 FN, manufactured by Allied Signal Chemical Company.

Disposed between layers 21 and 22 is layer 20 of a polymeric adhesive. Additionally, disposed in contact with layers 21 and 22 are layers 23 and 24 of a polymeric adhesive. Layers 20, 23 and 24 may be any of various polymeric adhesives commonly used in the art, for example an anhydride grafted polyolefin adhesive.

Layer 25 comprises a nylon outer layer, which preferably may comprise an amorphous nylon copolymer. Like layers 21 and 22, in a preferred embodiment layer 25 comprises from about 5 to about 35 percent of the amorphous nylon copolymer. The amorphous nylon copolymer of layer 25 is blended with various other nylons. In a preferred embodiment, the amorphous nylon copolymer is blended with a nucleated nylon homopolymer. The layer may also include an antiblocking agent, including antiblocking agents which are common in the art of making polymeric films, such as inorganic spheres (especially those derived from a combination of silica and aluminum), talc, diatomaceous earth, silica, calcium carbonate, or other particulate, or combinations of any of these agents. The antiblocking agent serves to roughen the surface of the film, thereby lowering the coefficient of friction between films. The antiblocking agent of layer 25 may be contained in a nylon carrier composition.

One such type of carrier composition is disclosed in commonly owned U.S. Patent No. 5,109,049 , the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference. As disclosed in the referenced patent at column 2, line 61 to column 3, line 6, nylon carrier compositions are especially effective when used in forming an outer layer of a multilayer packaging film. In a preferred arrangement, the nylon carrier composition is used in an outer layer and a second outer layer is capable of forming a heat seal.

In one type of film made with the nylon carrier composition, a polymeric material comprising 20 to 85 percent nylon is combined with 80 to 15 percent of a nylon carrier composition including antiblocking agent. The nylon carrier composition, which may comprise any of various nylons including nylon 6, nylon 6,6 or nylon 6,66, is from 35 to 80 percent antiblocking agent and 65 to 30 percent nylon polymer.

Alternatively, the film of the nylon carrier composition may be a blend of 95 to 99.5 percent of the nylon polymer and 5 to 0.5 percent of an additive concentrate, in which the additive concentrate includes the antiblocking agent incorporated into a second nylon polymer composition.

A particular antiblocking agent that is preferred for including in the nylon carrier composition is an antiblock agent manufactured by Zeelan Industries of St. Paul, Minnesota, under the name "Zeeospheres". Zeeospheres are inorganic ceramic spheres comprising silica and alumina. For example, zeeospheres are incorporated as the antiblocking agent in the nylon carrier composition Reed Spectrum antiblock no. 1081274.

Layer 25 is not a moisture barrier.

In a preferred version of the embodiment, each of the nylon layers 21, 22 and 25 comprise a blend of amorphous nylon copolymer and a nucleated homopolymer of nylon 6. In a more preferred embodiment, only two of the layers, most preferably layers 22 and 25, comprise the blend of an amorphous nylon copolymer and a nucleated nylon homopolymer.

Layer 26 is a sealant layer which is capable of forming a heat seal with various other polymeric materials. Layer 26 may comprise any of the various polymers used in a sealant layers, such as LLDPE, LDPE, EVA, EMA, EMAA, an ionomer, or a blend of any of these polymers. A preferred sealant for this embodiment is a blend of LLDPE and LDPE.

The films of the invention may be manufactured by any of various methods common in the art of making polymeric films. Preferably, the films of the invention are melt coextruded in a multilayer coextrusion die according to any one of the layer structures of the various embodiments and then formed in the general manner taught by expired U.S. Patent No. 3,337,663, to Taga , and expired U.S. Patent No. 3,090,998, to Heisterkamp , both of which are hereby incorporated by reference. The films are coextruded in a tubular form, wherein the first outer layer of the finished film is the inner layer of the tubular form or tube. The tube is then inflated by the admission of air, cooled, collapsed, and wound up to form a finished roll or rolls.

Figure 2 depicts a preferred method of manufacturing the films of the invention. A multilayer film according to any of the various embodiments of the invention is coextruded through orifice 72 of die 71 as molten thermoplastic material 75. The molten thermoplastic material 75 is pulled down through collapsing shield 80, in the direction of arrows A to B, by nip rollers 73 and 74. Roller 73 turns upon its axis in a clockwise direction, while roller 74 turns upon its axis in a counterclockwise direction. Molten thermoplastic material 75 is expanded into a tubular form or "bubble" by inflation caused by a volume of gas injected through gas outlet 76. Gas outlet 76 is located in die 72 such that the exhausting air inflates the bubble.

Air rings 77 are located externally and/or internally of the bubble. As the molten thermoplastic material 75 is inflated into a bubble, the application of air from air rings 77 acts to control the cooling and stabilize the molten thermoplastic material. The air rings 77 can apply air at various temperatures and at a range of velocities. In addition to cooling by air rings 77, thermoplastic molten material 75 is also cooled by water rings or mandrels 78, also located both externally and/or internally of the bubble. Like the air rings, the water rings 78 can apply water at various temperatures and at a range of velocities.

A covering 79 may append from the die to surround the bubble as it exits the die. The length and size of the covering will effect the relative air pressures internally and externally of the bubble.

The method of making the films of the invention as disclosed above results in thermoplastic multilayer films with improved physical properties over prior art films. These improvements are believed to result from the degree of control over the crystallinity of the polymeric film achieved by this method. The crystallinity is first controlled by the application of air though air rings 77. The temperature and velocity of the air applied through air rings 77 controls the degree of crystallinity. Subsequently, the rapid cooling caused by the method of water quenching effectively freezes the amount of crystallization achieved during air cooling in the finished polymeric film.

The water-quenched films of the invention have several improved physical properties over prior art films that are cooled by more conventional methods. For example, the films of the invention have improved clarity and processability.


Anspruch[de]
Ein thermoformbarer, mehrschichtiger polymerischer Film, wobei der Film enthält: a)erste und zweite Schichten, jede der besagten ersten und zweiten Schichten aus Nylon besteht; b)eine dritte Schicht, wobei die besagte dritte Schicht aus Klebstoff besteht, und die besagte dritte Schicht wird zwischen jeder der besagten ersten und zweiten Schichten angebracht und ist in Kontakt mit jeder der besagten ersten und zweiten Schichten; c)eine vierte Schicht, wobei die besagte vierte Schicht aus Klebstoff besteht, die besagte vierte Schicht wird in Kontakt mit besagter erster Schicht angebracht; d)eine fünfte Schicht, wobei die besagte fünfte Schicht aus Klebstoff besteht , die besagte fünfte Schicht wird in Kontakt mit besagter erster Schicht angebracht; e)eine sechste Schicht, wobei die besagte sechste Schicht eine Außenschicht aus Nylon ist , und die besagte sechste Schicht wird in Kontakt mit besagter vierter Schicht angebracht; f)eine siebte Schicht, wobei die besagte siebte Schicht aus einem Polymerdichtmaterial besteht, und die besagte siebte Schicht wird in Kontakt mit besagter fünfter Schicht angebracht, mit der Vorsorge, dass besagter thermoformbarer, mehrschichtiger polymerischer Film keine EVOH Kernschicht enthält,

und wo bei besagte erste, zweite und sechste Schichten ein amorphes Nylonkopolymer enthalten.
Der thermoformbare, mehrschichtige polymerische Film nach Anspruch 1 wobei die besagten ersten, zweiten und sechsten Schichten ein am orphes Nylonkopolymer enthalten, welches mit einem kernbildende n Nylonhomopolymer vermischt ist. Der thermoformbare, mehrschichtige polymerische Film nach Anspruch 2 wobei die besagte n erste n und zweiten Schichten von 5 bis 35 Gewichtprozent des besagten amorphen Nylonkopolymers enthalten. Der thermoformbare, mehrschichtige polymerische Film nach Anspruch 3 wobei die besagte sechste Schicht von 5 bis 35 Gewichtprozent des besagten amorphen Nylonkopolymers enthält. Der thermoformbare, mehrschichtige polymerische Film nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 wobei die besagte siebte Schicht eine Mischung von LLDPE UND LDPE ist. Der thermoformbare, mehrschichtige polymerische Film nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dessen Dicke zwischen 50,8 µm und 254 µm liegt , vorzugsweise zwischen 63,5 µm und 190,5 µm. Eine Metho de zur Herstellung eines thermoformbaren, mehrschichtigen polymerischen Films, wobei die Methode die vorliegenden Etappen enthält: a. Koextrudieren eines Films enthaltend: i)die erste und zweite Schichten, jede der besagten ersten und zweiten Schichten aus N ylon bestehen; ii) eine dritte Schicht, wobei die besagte dritte Schicht aus Klebstoff ist, und die besagte dritte Schicht zwischen den besagten ersten und zweiten Schichten angebracht wird und ist im Kontakt mit den ersten und zweiten Schichten; iii) eine vierte S chicht, wobei die besagte vierte Schicht aus Klebstoffes ist , und die besagte vierte Schicht im Kontakt mit der besagten ersten Schicht angebracht wird; iv) eine fünfte Schicht, besagte fünfte Schicht eines Klebstoffes, besagte fünfte Schicht angebracht in Kontakt mit besagter zweiter Schicht; v) eine sechste Schicht, wobei die besagte sechste Schicht eine Außenschicht aus Nylon ist ,und die besagte sechste Schicht in Kontakt mit der besagten vierten Schicht angebracht wird; und vi) eine siebte Schicht, wobei die be sagte siebte Schicht aus einem P olymerdichtmaterial besteht, und die besagte siebte Schicht i m Kontakt mit der besagten fünften Schicht angebracht wird, mit der Vorsorge dass besagter Film nicht enthält eine EVOH Kernschicht, und dass besagte erste, zweite und sechste Schicht enthalten ein amorphes Nylonkopolymer; b. die Filmstruktur in eine Blase zu blasen; und c. schnell die Blase abzuschrecken um einen Film zu bilden. Die Methode nach Anspruch 7 wobei die Blase schnell durch das Anwenden von Luft an die Blase abgeschreckt wird. Die Methode nach Anspruch 8 worin die Blase schnell durch das Anwenden von Wasser an die Blase abgeschreckt wird.
Anspruch[en]
A thermoformable, multilayer polymeric film, said film comprising : a) first and second layers, each of said first and second layers of nylon; b) a third layer, said third layer of an adhesive, said third layer disposed between and in contact with each of said first and second layers; c) a fourth layer, said fourth layer of an adhesive, said fourth layer disposed in contact with said first layer; d) a fifth layer, said fifth layer of an adhesive, said fifth layer disposed in contact with said second layer; e) a sixth layer, said sixth layer being an outer layer of nylon, said sixth layer disposed in contact with said fourth layer; f) a seventh layer, said seventh layer of a polymer sealant material, said seventh layer disposed in contact with said fifth layer, with the proviso that said thermoformable, multilayer polymeric film does not contain an EVOH core layer,

and wherein said first, second and sixth layers comprise an amorphous nylon copolymer.
The thermoformable, multilayer polymeric film according to claim 1 wherein said first, second and sixth layers comprise an amorphous nylon copolymer that is blended with a nucleated nylon homopolymer. The thermo formable , multilayer polymeric film according to claim 2 wherein said first and second layers comprise from 5 to 35 percent by weight of said amorphous nylon copolymer. The thermoformable, multilayer polymeric film according to claim 3 wherein said sixth outer layer comprises from 5 to 35 percent by weight of said amorphous nylon copolymer. The thermoformable, multiplayer polymeric film according to any one of claims 1 to 4 wherein said seventh layer is a blend of LLDPE and LDPE. The thermoformable, multilayer polymeric film according to any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein the film has a thickness of between 50,8 µm and 254 µm, preferably between 63,5 µm and 190,5 µm. A method of making a thermoformable, multilayer polymeric film, the method comprising the steps of a) coextruding a film comprising: i) first and second layers, each of said and second layers of nylon; ii) a third layer, said third layer of an adhesive, said third layer disposed between and in contact with each of said first and second layers; iii) a fourth layer, said fourth layer of an adhesive, said fourth layer disposed in contact with said first layer; iv) a fifth layer, said fifth layer of an adhesive, said fifth layer disposed in contact with said second layer; v) a sixth layer, said sixth layer being an outer layer of nylon, said sixth layer disposed in contact with said fourth layer; and vi) a seventh layer, said seventh layer of a polymer sealant material, said seventh layer disposed in contact with said fifth layer, with the proviso that said film does not contain an EVOH core layer, and that said first, second and sixth layers comprise an amorphous nylon copolymer; b) blowing the film structure into a bubble; and c) rapidly quenching the bubble to form a film. The method of claim 7 wherein the bubble is rapidly quenched by the application of air to the bubble. The method of claim 8 wherein the bubble is rapidly quenched by the application of water to the bubble.
Anspruch[fr]
Film polymérique multicouche thermoformable, ledit film comprenant : a) une première couche et une deuxième couche, chacune desdites première couche et deuxième couche étant des couches de nylon ; b) une troisième couche, ladite troisième couche étant une couche d'un adhésif, ladite troisième couche étant disposée entre et en contact avec chacune parmi ladite première couche et ladite deuxième couche; c) une quatrième couche, ladite quatrième couche étant une couche d'un adhésif, ladite quatrième couche étant disposée en contact avec ladite première couche ; d) une cinquième couche, ladite cinquième couche étant une couche d'un adhésif, ladite cinquième couche étant disposée en contact avec ladite deuxième couche ; e) une sixième couche, ladite sixième couche étant une couche extérieure de nylon, ladite sixième couche étant disposée en contact avec ladite quatrième couche, f) une septième couche, ladite septième couche étant un matériau étanche en polymère, ladite septième couche étant disposée en contact avec ladite cinquième couche, à condition que ledit film multicouche thermoformable ne contienne pas de couche centrale EVOH,

et dans lequel lesdites première, deuxième couche et sixième couches comprennent un copolymère de nylon amorphe.
Film polymérique multicouche thermoformable selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdites première, deuxième et sixième couches comprennent un copolymère de nylon amorphe qui est mélangé à un homopolymère de nylon nucléé. Film polymérique multicouche thermoformable selon la revendication 2 dans lequel ladite première couche et ladite deuxième couche comprennent de 5 à 35 % en poids dudit copolymère amorphe de nylon. Film polymérique multicouche thermoformable selon la revendication 3 dans lequel ladite sixième couche extérieure comprend de 5 à 35 % en poids dudit copolymère de nylon amorphe. Film polymérique multicouche thermoformable selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4 dans lequel ladite septième couche est un mélange de LLDPE et LDPE. Film polymérique multicouche thermoformable selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 dans lequel le film présente une épaisseur comprise entre 50,8 µm et 254 µm, de préférence entre 63,5 µm et 190,5 µm. Procédé de production d'un film polymérique multicouche thermoformable, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes: a) la coextrusion d'un film comprenant : i) une première couche et un deuxième couche, chacune parmi ladite première couche et ladite deuxième couche étant des couches de nylon; ii) une troisième couche, ladite troisième couche étant une couche d'un adhésif, ladite troisième couche étant disposée entre et en contact avec chacune parmi ladite première couche et ladite deuxième couche ; iii) une quatrième couche, ladite quatrième couche étant une couche d'un adhésif, ladite quatrième couche étant disposée en contact avec ladite première couche ; iv) une cinquième couche, ladite cinquième couche étant une couche d'un adhésif, ladite cinquième couche étant disposée en contact avec ladite deuxième couche; v) une sixième couche, ladite sixième couche étant une couche extérieure de nylon, ladite sixième couche étant disposée en contact avec ladite quatrième couche ; et vi) une septième couche, ladite septième couche étant une couche d'un matériau polymère d'étanchéité, ladite septième couche étant disposée en contact avec ladite cinquième couche, à condition que ledit film ne contienne pas une couche centrale EVOH, et que lesdites première, ladite deuxième et sixième couches comprennent un copolymère de nylon amorphe ; b) le soufflage de la structure film en une bulle ; et c) la trempe rapide de la bulle pour former un film. Procédé selon la revendication 7 dans lequel la bulle est trempée rapidement par l'application d'air sur la bulle. Procédé selon la revendication 8 dans lequel la bulle est trempée rapidement par l'application de l'eau sur la bulle.






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