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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1813584 13.09.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001813584
Titel Neuer Stoffwechsel- und Ernährungsaktivator für Pflanzen
Anmelder Inabonos, S.A., Navarra, ES
Erfinder Zamarreno Aregui, Angel, 31638 Eugui (Navarra), ES;
Garcia-Mina Freire, Jose M., 31170 Iza (Navarra), ES;
Houdusse, Fabrice, 31150 Mendigorria (Navarra), ES;
Casanova Portillo, Esther, 31015 Pamplona (Navarra), ES
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 25.01.2007
EP-Aktenzeichen 073800153
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 01.08.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 13.09.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse C05F 11/10(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070703, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a formulation with the ability to increase significantly the absorption and metabolization of mineral nutrients by plants. The main component of these formulations is 2-hydroxy-4-methyl thiobutanoic (HMTB) acid and its derivatives.

Brief description of the figures

  • Figure 1 shows the effect of HMTB on the assimilation of nitrogen (N), magnesium (Mg), and iron (Fe) in a pepper plant. The result is expressed as percent over the control and is calculated from the contents of the elements in the aerial part and the dry matter of the aerial part.
  • Figure 2 shows the effect of HMTB on the assimilation of phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and calcium (Ca) in a pepper plant. The result is expressed as percentage over control, and is calculated from the contents of the elements in the aerial part and the dry matter of the aerial part.
  • Figure 3 shows the effect of HMTB on the production of dry matter (DM), the number of leaves, and the height of the pepper plants cultured in hydroponic conditions.
  • Figure 3 shows the result of the study on the effect of HMTB on the production of total proteins in a pepper plant.

State of the art

One of the factors with the greatest influence in the development of cultures and consequently in the production/quality ratio is the appropriate assimilation of mineral nutrients by the plant and subsequent metabolization. No doubt a product which allows for a greater assimilation of the mineral elements and their better metabolization that is expressed in a greater development of the plant has an unquestionable interest.

Various patents or patent applications can be found in the state of the art ( US Patent 4,579,962 ; US Patent 4,524,077 ; US2003144547 ; US5972300 ), that describe different methods for the preparation of HMTB and analogues of this acid. Its use is also protected in animals, mainly in ruminants, as an agent enhancing milk production ( US6183786 ; US2005059739 ). However, there is no published information or filed patent on its use in plants as metabolic and nutritional activator.

The methods currently employed to enhance plant development use mechanisms of hormonal nature, as described in the publication by Marschner, H., 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press, London. 889 pp ; however, to date no formulations have been described to date which increase the assimilation of nutrients by plants and improve their metabolization, that use the properties of 2-hydroxy-4-methyl thiobutanoic acid (HMTB) (isomers D and L), its salts, esters, amides or ethers in position 2.

The inventors have discovered that, surprisingly, using 2-hydroxy-4-methyl- thiobutanoic acid (HMTB) (isomers D and L), its salts, esters, amides or ethers in position 2 in compositions such as those described in the present invention good results are obtained in the activation of absorption and metabolization of nutrients by plants without requiring the use of compositions stimulating hormonal mechanisms.

Description of the invention

This invention describes new formulations comprising the compound 2-hydroxy-4-methyl thiobutanoic acid (HMTB) (isomers D and L), its salts, esters, amides or ethers in position 2, according to formula 1,



         CH3-S-CH2-CH2-CH(ORi)-COR2     I



where R1 is selected from the group comprising hydrogen, alkyl rests (preferably methyl or ethyl) and aryl rests; while R2 is selected from the group comprising hydroxyl, amides and esters of alkyl (preferably methyl or ethyl) or aryl rests. When the rest is hydroxyl, acid salts are also considered with monovalent (preferably N+ and K+) and polyvalent cations (preferably Cu++ and Fe+++) and with electropositive organic compounds, such as amines (for instance, ethanolamine).

It has been discovered that these products have the ability to increase significantly the assimilation of mineral nutrients, particularly nitrogen, magnesium and iron, and the metabolic processes associated with these elements, such as protein synthesis, chlorophyll synthesis and photosynthesis. As a result of this, it has been discovered that these compounds can increase plant development and culture quality. Formula I compounds can be included in the metabolic activator at any percentage, though the optimum contents ranges between 1 and 20%.

The metabolic activators described in this invention can contain, in addition to the compounds described in formula I, one or several compounds with auxin activity or precursors of auxin activity, such as indol acetic acid or tryptophan, or compounds with plant growth regulating activity, including cytokinins, ethylene, brassinosteroids, polyamines, salicylic acid, jasmonic acid, cyclic nucleotides, sucrose, nitric oxide and nitric oxide and abscisic acid precursors or givers. These components of either type can be included in the formulation at any percentage, though the optimum percentage ranges between 1 and 5% in weight.

In addition, the metabolic activator of this invention can contain one or several compounds with the ability to induce hormonal activity in plants such as indol, adenine, adenosine or isopentanol alcohol. The optimum content of these components in the new activator described herein ranges between 1 and 5% in weight, though this content can be increased.

In addition, the activator can include one or several compounds with plant growth stimulating activity such as humic substances, amino acids, seaweed extracts, lignosulfonates, compost plant residue extracts and vinasse or molasses of beetroot and cane. Although these compounds can be included in the formulation at any percentage, the optimum range is between 1 and 5% in weight.

Finally, one or several mineral nutrients can also be included as components of the activator. Therefore, nitrogen can be added, for instance by the addition of ammonia, ammonium nitrate, urea, ammonium sulfate or any salt containing nitrogen; phosphorus, for instance, using any salt of phosphoric, phosphorous, polyphosphoric or pyrophosphoric acid; potassium, for instance using potassium hydroxide, potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, potassium nitrate or potassium carbonate, or any salt containing potassium; magnesium, for instance using magnesium nitrate, magnesium sulfate or any salt containing magnesium; calcium, for instance using calcium nitrate, calcium chloride, and any salt containing calcium; sulfur, for instance using ammonium sulfate, magnesium sulfate or any salt or compound containing sulfur and trace elements, for instance using inorganic salts or organic compounds -chelates- of iron, copper, manganese, zinc, bore, molybdenum, titanium, nickel, silicon and cobalt. The optimum range of these mineral nutrients in the new activator described herein ranges between 5 and 10% in weight, though this content can be higher.

The formulations with activating properties referred to in this invention can be formulated in solid, dissolution or solid-adsorbed liquid state. In solid formulations, the solid is preferably of clay type, such as sepiolite, atapulgite, zeolite, or bentonite; though organic matters can be also used, such as peat; or organic polymers, such as polyacrylamide gels. In the case of liquid formulations, the preferential solvent is water. In both cases, the solid inert or the solvent are added to complete 100% in weight.

For the case of liquid formulations, the mixture of the components at the above described percentages is made in a reactor that can be made up of plastic or stainless steel, with helix stirring. The mixture can be obtained at any temperature, though it is preferably obtained in a range within 20-35 °C. The mixture can be also made at any pressure, though the preferred pressure is atmospheric pressure.

In solid formulations, the components are mixed in a blender (any blender could be used, for instance a paddle blender or Lodige). The mixture can be made at any temperature though it is preferably obtained within a range between 20 and 35°C. The mixture can also be performed at any pressure though the preferred pressure is atmospheric pressure. If any component is liquid, it would be applied during the mixing by crushing it over the solid components. The clays play the role of absorbing compound.

The metabolic activator object of this invention can be applied at any concentration range, with an optimum dose between 1 and 100 mg l-1 (or kg-1). The product can be applied foliarly over the aerial part of the plants or via the root either in solid formulations or in fertirrigation.

Examples

To clarify the content of this invention, the following examples are provided that in no case should be considered as invention limiting. Examples 1 to 4 show various metabolic activators according to the present invention. All of them are obtained by directly mixing the components indicated in each case at room temperature and under continuous stirring. Example 5 shows the ability of the composition in example 1.

  • Example 1 of formulation

    10% of HMTB acid in liquid formulation

    90% water
  • Example 2 of formulation

    15% of HMTB acid in liquid formulation

    3% potassium hydroxide

    82% in water
  • Example 3 of formulation

    25% of methyl ester of HMTB acid

    75% sepiolite powder
  • Example 4 of formulation

    25% of HMTB acid in 88% liquid formulation

    5% hydrated iron sulfate (II)

    70% water
  • Example 5 of formulation

    20% HMTB of 88% liquid formulation

    1% indol

    5% fulvic acids

    74% water
  • Example 6 of formulation

    5% HMTB 88% liquid formulation

    0.5% indol

    10% urea

    84.5% sepiolite powder
  • Example 7. Effect of the formulation of example 1 on nutrition and development of pepper plants cultivated in hydroponic conditions

    The test performed consisted of the treatment of pepper plants -normally nourished using an appropriate nutrient solution-, with a solution containing HMTB according to the formulation described in example 1. The final dose of HMTB was 50 (D1) and 100 (D2) mg l-1.

The plants were harvested at 4 weeks of starting the test.

The following results were found:

  • Effect of nutritional activation

    Effect on the assimilation of magnesium-nitrogen-iron (Mg-N-Fe)

    As shown in Figure 1, highly significant increases were seen in the assimilation of these nutrients expressed for their highest content in the aerial part.
  • Effect on the assimilation of phosphorus, calcium-potassium (P-Ca-K).

    Significant increases were also seen in the assimilation of P, Ca, and K as shown in Figure 2, though these were lower than in the case of Mg-N-Fe.
  • Metabolic activation effect

    As a result of these nutritional increases, significant increases were seen in the development of plants, as shown in Figure 3. These effects on development were associated with significant improvements in some associated biochemical processes including the synthesis of total proteins as provided in Figure 4.


Anspruch[en]
Formulation with the ability to improve the assimilation of mineral nutrients and activate the metabolism of these nutrients in the plants containing one or several compounds with the general formula:



         CH3-S-CH2-CH2-CH(OR1)-COR2     I



where R1 is selected from the group formed by hydrogen, alkyl rests, preferably methyl or ethyl, and aryl:

while R2 is selected from the group comprising hydroxyl, amides, alkyl ester rests, preferably methyl or ethyl, or aril and, when the rest is hydroxyl, acid salts with monovalent cations, preferably Na+ and K+, polyvalent cations, preferably Cu++ and Fe+++, and electropositive organic compounds such as amines, preferably ethanolamine.
Formulation according to claim 1 where the content of compound of formula 1 is within the range 5-20% of weight. Formulation according to claim 1 containing 2 hydroxy-4-methylbutanoic acid (CH3-S-CH2-CH2-CH(OH)-COOH) or its salts with monovalent or polyvalent cations. Formulation according to claim 1 where the compound(s) defined according to general formula I is formulated with one or several compounds with auxin activity or precursors of auxin activity. Formulation according to claim 4 where the concentrations of the compounds with auxin activity or precursors of auxin activity are within the range of 1-5% in weight. Formulation according to claim 4 where the compounds with auxin activity or precursors of auxin activity are selected among indol-acetic acid and tryptophan. Formulation according to claim 1 where the compound(s) defined according to general formula 1 is formulated with one or several compounds with plant growth regulating activity. Formulation according to claim 7 where the compound with plant growth regulating activity are within the range 1-5% in weight. Formulation according to claim 7 where the compounds with plant growth regulatory activity are selected from the group formed by cytokinins, ethylene, brassinosteroids, polyamines, salicylic acid, jasmonic acid, cyclic nucleotides, sucrose, nitric oxide and precursors or givers of nitric and abscisic acid. Formulation according to claim 9, where the compound with plant growth regulating activity is nitric oxide or nitric oxide precursors. Formulation according to claim 1 where the compound(s) defined according to general formula 1 is formulated with one or several compounds with the ability to induce hormonal activity in plants. Formulation according to claim 11 where the concentration of the compounds inducing hormonal activity is within the range 1-5% in weight. Formulation according to claim 11 where the compounds inducing hormonal activity are selected from the group formed by indol, adenine, adenosine and isopentanol alcohol. Formulation according to claim 13 where the compound inducing hormonal activity is the indol. Formulation according to claim 1 where the compound(s) defined according to general formula I is formulated with one or several compounds with plant growth stimulating activity. Formulation according to claim 15 where the concentration of the compounds with plant growth stimulating activity is within the range 1-5%. Formulation according to claim 15 where the compounds with plant growth stimulating activity are selected from the group formed by humic substances, amino acids, seaweed extracts, lignosulfonates, compost plant residue extracts, and vinasse and molasses from beet and cane. Formulation according to claim 1 where the compound(s) defined according to general formula I also contain(s) one or several mineral nutrients. Formulation according to claim 18 where the concentration of the mineral nutrients is within the range 5-10%. Formulation according to claim 18 where the mineral nutrients are selected among ammonia, ammonium nitrate, urea, ammonium sulfate or any salt containing nitrogen; any salt of phosphoric, phosphorus, polyphosphoric or pyrophosphoric acid; potassium hydroxide, potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, potassium nitrate, potassium carbonate, or any salt containing potassium, magnesium nitrate, magnesium sulfate or any salt containing magnesium; calcium nitrate, calcium chloride or any salt containing calcium; ammonium sulfate, magnesium sulfate or any salt or compound containing sulfur; and inorganic salts or iron, copper, manganese, zinc, bore, molybdenum, titanium, nickel, silicon and cobalt chelates. Formulation according to any of claims 1-20 that can be formulated in liquid, solid state or liquid absorbed in absorbent materials. Formulation according to claim 21 where the absorbing materials are selected among clays, organic matters or organic polymers. Formulation according to claim 21 applied in a dose range between 1 and 100 mg l-1 (or kg-1).






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A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
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E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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