PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1534444 15.11.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001534444
Titel VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINER MIT KEILVERZAHNUNG VERSEHENEN KUPPLUNGSNABE
Anmelder Metal Forming & Coining Corporation, Maumee, Ohio, US
Erfinder HUBER, David P., Millbury, OH 43447, US;
VASA, Ben R., Lapeer, MI 48446, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60316693
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 03.06.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 037315223
WO-Anmeldetag 03.06.2003
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/US03/17509
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2004001248
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 31.12.2003
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 01.06.2005
EP date of grant 03.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.11.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B21D 13/02(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B21C 23/20(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   B21J 5/12(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Field of the Invention: The invention relates to a process and apparatus for making a low cost, externally splined clutch hub.

Description of the Prior Art: Currently externally splined clutch hubs are produced by a roll forming process from tubular preforms. The process requires the use of tubes formed of very high quality low carbon steel. These tubes are expensive and currently are available from one overseas source. The roll forming process typically exerts severe loads on the tools and the associated machinery. Process downtime is a frequent occurrence.

An alternate process for producing externally splined clutch hubs is a progressive stamping process. In the progressive stamping process, a strip of sheet metal, or individual disks of steel, are transferred along a multiple station-stamping tool. These multiple stations progressively change the shape of the workpiece by stretching and drawing the material to achieve the final shape. The process requires very expensive tools and associated machines.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the invention to process for producing a cold forged externally splined clutch hub.

Another object of the invention is to produce a cold forged externally splined clutch hub which is economical and may be readily reproduced.

Still another object of the invention is to produce an entire externally splined clutch hub in a single cold forging step.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The objects and advantages of the invention will become readily apparent to those skilled in the art from reading the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention when considered in the light of the accompanying illustrations, in which:

  • Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a metal blank from which the externally splined clutch hub of the invention is formed;
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the blank illustrated in Fig.1 taken along line 2-2 thereof;
  • Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view partly in section illustrating the position of the blank illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 in associated tooling wherein the cooperating punch and die members are separated preparatory to the operative forming stages;
  • Fig. 4 is a fragmentary view similar to Fig. 3 showing the tooling after the punch has been driven into the die to cold forge the externally splined clutch hub of the invention;
  • Fig. 5 is a top plan view of the externally splined clutch hub produced in accordance with the tooling illustrated in figs. 3 and 4; and
  • Fig. 6 is a cross sectional view of the hub Illustrated in Fig. 5 taken along line 6-6 thereof.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION

Referring to the drawings, the preferred process requires a flat circular metal workpiece or preform 10 as clearly illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2. Typically, the preform 10 is formed by a stamping operation and is robust enough to accept standard variations within steel grades. The preform 10 is in the form of a flat circular metal workpiece with a centrally disposed opening 12. As illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4, a single forging die set is comprised of an upper die or punch 20 and a lower die 22. The dies 20 and 22 cooperate to cause the metal adjacent the central opening 12 of the preform to flow in one direction to form a tubular neck 14 extending from one surface of the preform 10. Simultaneously, the forging die set causes the metal of the preform 10 adjacent the peripheral circumference to flow outwardly to form a depending ring 16 having radially outwardly extending splines 18 extending from the opposite surface of the preform 10. The tubular neck 14 and the splined ring 16 of the finished splined clutch hub are coaxial with one another as illustrated in Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 6. Tooling is reduced to a single forging die set, with the possible addition of one set of calibrating tools. The simplified tooling can be run on less expensive equipment than the progressive stamping process, resulting in cost improvements in machine maintenance as well as in tooling maintenance.

In the production of the splined clutch hub of the invention, the preform 10 is typically initially lubricated in preparation for the cold forging operation. The lubrication may be a phosphorous compound in combination with a soap as well known in the art. The lubricated preform 10 is then placed in the lower die 22 of the die set. The lower die 22 is generally cylindrical in shape and is provided with a centrally formed coaxial interior wall 24 which terminates in an inwardly extending beveled annular shoulder 26 and thence a cylindrical section 28 having an inwardly extending array of spaced apart parallel splines 30.

The lower die 22 is finally provided with a lowermost cylindrical wall 32 for receiving a lower die insert 34. The lower die insert 34 is provided with a coaxially formed cylindrical wall 36 for receiving the upper portion of a cylindrically shaped stool 38. The lower portion of the stool 38 is typically received within a cylindrical opening within a backup member 40 which rests upon the upper surface of a cooperating backup member 42. The backup members 40 and 42 cooperate to determine the vertical positioning of the lower die 22 within the lower die shoe 44.

The operating portion of the lower die 22 which is comprised of the lower die 22 and the lower die insert 34. These die members are typically tightly secured within an outer shrink ring 46. In assembling the lower die 22 and the lower die insert 34 into an integral unit, the shrink ring 46 is formed of a metal which when heated will expand a degree sufficient to receive the assembled lower die 22 and the lower die insert 34. Once the lower die 22 and lower die insert 34 are satisfactorily received within the heated and expanded shrink ring 46, the shrink ring 46 is allowed to cool and thereby shrink to tightly and securely hold the lower die 22 and the lower die insert 34 therewithin. The assemblage is then inserted into the lower die shoe 44 preparatory to the placement of the preform 10 within the assemblage as illustrated in Fig. 3.

The punch or upper die member 20 is attached to a press 50 in a manner well known in the art. The punch or upper die member 20 is comprised of a cylindrical body portion having an outer wall configuration 52 which is often referred to as a pilot diameter. The wall 52 initially contracts the inner wall 24 of the lower die 22 and functions to guide the punch 20 as the press 50 causes the punch 20 to be moved downwardly at the commencement of the forging operation.

The wall 52 terminates in an inwardly inclined shoulder 54 formed with a radius. A cylindrical wall 56 depends from the shoulder 54 and is of a diameter less than the diameter of the cylindrical wall 52.

The lowermost end of the punch 20 is formed with a depending cylindrical wall 58 which is receivable within the cylindrical wall 36 of the lower die insert 34.

Continuing with the description of the operation, it will be appreciated that as the press 50 forces the punch 20 downwardly, the punch 20 is guided to maintain concentricity by the formation of the lower die member 22 until the lowermost surface 60 and the wall 58 of the punch 20 contact the preform 10 causing the metal of the preform adjacent the central opening 12 to flow downwardly to form a tubular neck 14, as illustrated in Figs. 4 and 6. Simultaneously, the forging die set causes the metal adjacent the peripheral circumference to flow outwardly and upwardly to form a depending ring 16 wherein the outer portion of flow thereof enters the splines 30 of the lower die 22 to form outwardly extending splines 18.

The benefits and advantages of the invention reside in the improved strength due to greater degree of cold working and higher carbon steel; the improved machinability to higher carbon steel; and the improved tolerances due to eliminating springback in the forming process.


Anspruch[de]
Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Kupplungsnabe mit Außenkeilverzahnung, aufweisend: Bereitstellen eines ebenen kreisförmigen Metallvorformlings mit einer mittig ausgebildeten Öffnung (12); und Vorformling mit einem Einzelschmiedegesenk in Kontakt bringen, um einen mittig angeordneten rohrförmigen Hals (14) kaltzuschmieden, der sich von einer Seite des Vorformlings aus nach außen erstreckt, und gleichzeitig eines keilverzahnten Kreisrings (16) am Umfangs des Vorformlings, der sich von der anderen Seite des Vorformlings nach außen erstreckt, wobei der rohrförmige Hals und der Kreisring koaxial sind. Vorrichtung zum Formen einer Kupplungsnabe mit Außenkeilverzahnung durch Kaltschmieden eines ebenen ringförmigen Vorformlings (10) mit einer mittigen Öffnung (12), aufweisend: ein unteres Gesenk (22) mit einer oberen zylindrischen Innenwand (24), einer unteren zylindrischen Innenwand (28) mit einer ringförmigen Anordnung von Keilzähnen (30) und einer Verbindungsschulter (26) zur Aufnahme eines zusammenwirkenden Stempels im Betrieb sowie einer untersten zylindrischen Wand (32), in der ein zylindrischer hohler Einsatz zum Auflagern des Vorformlings aufgenommen wird, und einen Oberstempel (20) zur Aufnahme im unteren Gesenk, wobei der Stempel eine zylindrische Außenwand (52) enthält, von der ein Abschnitt zunächst von der oberen Innenwand (29) des unteren Gesenks (22) aufgenommen wird, um die Konzentrizität des Stempels und des unteren Gesenks vor und während der Formgebung des Vorformlings aufrechtzuerhalten. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, bei der der Einsatz (34) des unteren Gesenks ein innerstes Ende enthält. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, bei der das innerste Ende des Einsatzes (34) in einer Schulter endet. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, bei der die obere zylindrische Innenwand (24) des unteren Gesenks (22) einen größeren Durchmesser hat als die untere zylindrische Innenwand (28) des unteren Gesenks (22). Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, bei der der Oberstempel (20) im Betrieb zum Zusammenwirken mit dem unteren Gesenk (22) angetrieben wird, damit das Metall neben dem Umfang der mittigen Öffnung des Vorformlings in der einen Richtung fließt, und das Metall neben dem Außenumfang des Vorformlings in der entgegengesetzten Richtung fließt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, bei der der Metallfluss im Betrieb neben der mittigen Öffnung einen rohrförmigen Halsabschnitt (14) der Nabe und der Metallfluss neben dem Außenumfang einen kreisförmigen anschließenden Ring (16) bildet. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, bei der der kreisförmige anschließende Ring (16) eine Anordnung aus parallel beabstandeten Keilzähnen (18) enthält. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, bei der rohrförmige Hals (14) und der kreisförmige anschließende Ring (16) koaxial sind.
Anspruch[en]
A method of making an externally splined clutch hub comprising: providing a flat circular metal preform with a centrally formed opening (12); and contacting the preform with a single forging die to cold forge a centrally disposed tubular neck (14) extending outwardly from one side of the preform and simultaneously a splined annular ring (16) at the periphery of the preform and extending outwardly from the other side of the preform wherein the tubular neck and the annular ring are coaxial. An apparatus for forming an externally splined clutch hub from cold forging a flat annular preform (10) having a central opening (12) comprising: a lower die (22) having an upper inner cylindrical wall (24), a lower inner cylindrical wall (28) with an annular array of splines (30) and an inter-connecting shoulder (26) for receiving in use a cooperating punch, and a lowermost cylindrical wall (32) in which a hollow cylindrical insert for supporting the preform is received and an upper punch (20) for reception within the lower die, said punch including a cylindrical outer wall (52) a portion of which is initially received by the upper inner wall (29) of said lower die (22) for maintaining concentricity of said punch and said lower die prior to and during formation of the preform. An apparatus as defined in Claim 2 wherein the insert (34) of said lower die includes an innermost end. An apparatus as defined in Claim 3 wherein the innermost end of the insert (34) terminates in a shoulder. An apparatus as defined in Claim 2, wherein the upper inner cylindrical wall (24) of said lower die (22) is of greater diameter then the lower inner cylindrical wall (28) of said lower die (22). An apparatus as defined in Claim 2 wherein in use said upper punch (20) is caused to be driven into cooperation with said lower die (22) to cause the metal adjacent the periphery of the central opening of the preform to flow in one direction and the metal adjacent the outer periphery of the preform to flow in an opposite direction. An apparatus as defined in Claim 6 wherein in use the metal flow adjacent the central opening forms a tubular neck portion (14) of the hub and the metal flow adjacent the outer periphery forms an annular depending ring (16). An apparatus as defined in Claim 7 wherein the annular depending ring (16) contains an array of parallel spaced apart splines (18). An apparatus as defined in Claim 7 wherein the tubular neck (14) and the annular depending ring (16) are coaxial.
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé pour réaliser un moyeu d'embrayage avec cannelures externes, comprenant : la fourniture d'une ébauche métallique circulaire plane avec une ouverture (12) formée au centre ; et la mise en contact de l'ébauche avec une unique matrice de forgeage pour forger à froid un goulot tubulaire disposé au centre (14) et s'étendant vers l'extérieur depuis un côté de l'ébauche et simultanément une bague annulaire cannelée (16) à la périphérie de l'ébauche et s'étendant vers l'extérieur depuis l'autre côté de l'ébauche, de sorte que le goulot tubulaire et la bague annulaire sont coaxiaux. Appareil pour former un moyeu d'embrayage avec cannelures externes en forgeant à froid une ébauche annulaire plane (10) ayant une ouverture centrale (12), comprenant : une matrice inférieure (22) ayant une paroi cylindrique intérieure supérieure (24), une paroi cylindrique intérieure inférieure (28) avec un réseau annulaire de cannelures (30) et un épaulement d'interconnexion (26) pour recevoir en utilisation un poinçon de coopération, et une paroi cylindrique tout à fait inférieure (32) dans laquelle est reçu un insert cylindrique creux pour supporter l'ébauche, et un poinçon supérieur (20) destiné à être reçu à l'intérieur de la matrice inférieure, ledit poinçon incluant une paroi extérieure cylindrique (52) dont une portion est initialement reçue par la paroi intérieure supérieure (29) de ladite matrice inférieure (22) pour maintenir la concentricité dudit poinçon et de ladite matrice inférieure avant et pendant la formation de l'ébauche. Appareil selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'insert (34) de ladite matrice inférieure inclut une extrémité tout à fait intérieure. Appareil selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'extrémité tout à fait intérieure de l'insert (34) se termine par un épaulement. Appareil selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la paroi cylindrique supérieure intérieure (24) de ladite matrice inférieure (22) a un diamètre plus grand que la paroi cylindrique inférieure intérieure (28) de ladite matrice inférieure (22). Appareil selon la revendication 2, dans lequel, en utilisation, ledit poinçon supérieur (20) est amené à être entraîné jusqu'en coopération avec ladite matrice inférieure (22) pour amener le métal adjacent à la périphérie de l'ouverture centrale de l'ébauche à s'écouler dans une direction et le métal adjacent à la périphérie extérieure de l'ébauche à s'écouler dans une direction opposée. Appareil selon la revendication 6, dans lequel, en utilisation, l'écoulement de métal adjacent à l'ouverture centrale forme une portion de goulot tubulaire (14) du moyeu, et l'écoulement de métal adjacent à la périphérie extérieure forme une bague dépendante annulaire (16) Appareil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la bague dépendante annulaire (16) contient un réseau de cannelures parallèles espacées (18). Appareil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le goulot tubulaire (14) et la bague dépendante annulaire (16) sont coaxiaux.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com