PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1077455 29.11.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001077455
Titel Spulenbauteil
Anmelder Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Nagaokakyo, Kyoto, JP
Erfinder Murata, Satoshi, Nagaokakyo-shi, Kyoto-fu 617-8555, JP;
Mihara, Hideyuki, Nagaokakyo-shi, Kyoto-fu 617-8555, JP;
Yamamoto, Etsuji, Nagaokakyo-shi, Kyoto-fu 617-8555, JP;
Tamada, Minoru, Nagaokakyo-shi, Kyoto-fu 617-8555, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60036760
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 18.08.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 004023180
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 21.02.2001
EP date of grant 17.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.11.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse H01F 17/00(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse H01F 27/29(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a coil component for constituting an inductor, a choke coil, an LC filter, a transformer, a balun transformer, and so forth, and more particularly to a coil component of which the coil is formed by removing a part of a conductor provided on the surface of a core by means of a laser beam.

2. Description of the Related Art

A coil component disclosed in Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 5-41324 will be described as an example of a conventional coil component with reference to Fig. 20.

In Fig. 20, a solenoid coil 100 includes a columnar bobbin 101 made of an insulation magnetic material such as ferrite or the like. On the surface of the bobbin 101, a conductor film 102 is formed. A spirally, winding-around groove 103 is formed by means of a laser beam or the like. The remaining part of the conductor film 102 forms a coil 104.

Further, the Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 5-41324 describes the possibility that at least two pairs of coils can be formed by cutting the conductor film in a similar manner as described above.

Especially, as regards the conventional case where plural coils are formed, it has been not concretely disclosed how spiral grooves defining the respective coils are provided, and how terminals for connecting the coils are provided.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, to solve the above problems, it is an object to provide a coil component in which plural coils and the configuration of terminals connected to the plural coils are defined.

To achieve the above object, according to the present invention as claimed in claim 1, there is provided a coil component having a coil formed by a removed part of a conductor film provided on a columnar core which comprises first and second terminals insulated from each other, provided in the conductor film on one end portion of the core by formation of a first dividing groove and a second dividing groove in the conductor film, third and fourth terminals insulated from each other, provided in the conductor film on the other end portion of the core by formation of a third dividing groove and a fourth dividing groove in the conductor film, a first winding-around groove provided on the conductor film from the first dividing groove to the third or fourth dividing groove, continuously with the first and third or fourth dividing grooves, a second winding-around groove provided on the conductor film from the second dividing groove to the fourth or third dividing groove, continuously with the second and fourth or third dividing grooves, in parallel to the first winding-around groove, and a first coil and a second coil in parallel to each other defined by the first and second winding-around grooves.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a coil component according to an embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2A is a partially perspective view of the coil component of Fig. 1 viewed from one end side in the longitudinal direction of the coil component, and Fig. 2B is a partially perspective view thereof viewed from the other end side.
  • Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view of the coil component of Fig. 1 taken along a cut line A-A in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 4 is a developed schematic view of the coil component of Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing a part of the coil component according to a further embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing a part of the coil component according to still a further embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 7 is a perspective view showing a coil component according to another embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 8A is a partially perspective view of the coil component of Fig. 7, viewed from one end in the longitudinal direction of the coil component, and Fig. 8B is a partially perspective view thereof, viewed from the other end;
  • Fig. 9 is a cross sectional view of the coil component of Fig. 7 taken on cut line A-A in Fig. 7;
  • Fig. 10 is a developed schematic view of the coil component of Fig. 7;
  • Fig. 11 is an equivalent circuit diagram of the coil component of Fig. 7;
  • Fig. 12A is a perspective view of a modification example of the coil component of Fig. 7, and Fig. 12B is a perspective view of another modification example thereof;
  • Fig. 13 is a perspective view of a coil component according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 14A is a partially perspective view of the coil component of Fig. 13, viewed from one end side in the longitudinal direction thereof, and Fig. 14B is a partially perspective view thereof viewed from the other end side;
  • Fig. 15 is a developed schematic view of the coil component of Fig. 13;
  • Fig. 16 is an equivalent circuit diagram of the coil component of Fig. 13;
  • Fig. 17 is a perspective view showing a part of the core constituting a coil component according to another embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 18 is a perspective view showing a part of the core constituting a coil component according to a further embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 19 is a perspective view showing still a further embodiment of the present invention; and
  • Fig. 20 is a perspective view of a conventional coil component.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Hereinafter, a coil component according to a first embodiment of the present invention will be described.

In Fig. 1, a coil component 1 comprises a core 2 made of ferrite, and an outer covering film 21 which covers a part of the core 2.

The core 2 has a quadratic prism shape with four side faces 2a, 2b, 2c, and 2d, as shown in Figs. 2A and 2B. In one and the other end portions of the core 2, formed are flanges 3 and 4 each having a substantially Japanese hand drum shape protruding in the radial direction of the core 2. The flange 3 has an end face 3a, four side faces 3b parallel to the respective side faces of the core 2, and four inclined faces 3c inclined with respect to the radial direction of the core 2. Similarly, the flange 4 has an end face 4a, four side faces 4b, and four inclined faces 4c.

In the flange 3, a first terminal 10 and a second terminal 11 are defined by forming a first dividing groove 7, a second dividing groove 8, and a first connecting groove 9. In the flange 4, a third terminal 15 and a fourth terminal 16 are defined by forming a third dividing groove 12, a fourth dividing groove 13, and a second connecting groove 14. In the part of the core 2 sandwiched between the flanges 3 and 4, a first coil 19 and a second coil 20 are defined by forming a first winding-around groove 17 and a second winding-around groove 18.

As shown in Fig. 3, a coat film 5 made of glass is provided on the surface of the core 2. Further, a conductor film 6 is formed on the coat film 5. The coat film 6 comprises a first conductor film 6a formed on the whole of the surface of the core 2, and a second conductor film 6b overlapping the first conductor film 6a in the flanges 3 and 4. In the cross section of Fig. 3, a part of the first conductor film 6a and the whole of the second conductor film 6b are not shown, since they are removed by the respective dividing grooves 7, 8, 12, and 13, and the first and second winding-around grooves 17 and 18.

The first conductor film 6a comprises a copper or nickel plating formed by an electroless plating method and a copper plating formed thereon by an electroplating method. The two plating-layers are provided as described above to assure a predetermined thickness. Accordingly, if a plating having a predetermined thickness can be formed, it is not necessary to provide two overlapped plating layers. For example, a copper plating may be formed so as to have a desired thickness by electroplating one time.

The second conductor film 6b comprises a nickel plating formed on the first conductor film 6a by electroless plating, and a tin plating formed thereon by electroplating.

A part of the conductor film 6 set before hand is irradiated with a laser beam. The respective grooves are formed by removing the irradiated part. Hereinafter, the configurations of the respective grooves will be described with reference to Figs. 2A and 2B, and Fig. 4. Fig. 4 shows the core 2 developed in order to facilitate the understanding of the configurations. The flanges 3 and 4 are shown, assuming that they are on the same plane as the core without the concavities and convexities of the flanges being shown.

In the flange 3, the first dividing groove 7 and the second dividing groove 8 are formed in the second conductor film 6b, elongating on a pair of the opposed side faces 3b and a pair of the inclined faces 3c. In the end face 3a, formed is the connecting groove 9 connecting the first and second dividing grooves 7 and 8 to each other. These grooves divide the second conductor film 6b in the flange 3 to form the first terminal 10 and the second terminal 11 insulated from each other.

Further, in the flange 4, the third dividing groove 12 and the fourth dividing groove 13 are formed in the second conductor film 6b, elongating on a pair of the opposed side faces 4b and a pair of the inclined faces 4c. In the end face 4a, formed is the connecting groove 14 connecting the third and fourth dividing grooves 12 and 13 to each other. With these grooves, the third terminal 15 and the fourth terminal 16 insulated from each other are formed.

Further, the first winding-around groove 17 and the second winding-around groove 18 in parallel to each other are formed in the first conductor film 6a on the respective side faces of the core 2. One end of the first winding-around groove 17 is connected to the first dividing groove 7 on the inclined face 3c of the flange 3, and the other end is connected to the third dividing groove 12 on the inclined face 4c of the flange 4. Further, one end of the second winding-around groove 18 is connected to the second dividing groove 8 on the inclined face 3c of the flange 3, and the other end is connected to the fourth dividing groove 13 of the inclined face 4c of the flange 4.

The width of the respective dividing grooves 7, 8, 12, and 13 is set to be larger than that of the respective winding-around grooves 17 and 18. For this reason, in the case where the winding-around grooves are formed so as to be continuous with the dividing grooves by means of a laser beam, the winding-around grooves can be securely connected to the dividing grooves, respectively, even if the irradiation position of the laser beam is departed, provided that the departure is within a predetermined range.

With the first, second winding-around grooves 17 and 18, the first coil 19 and the second coil 20 in parallel to each other are formed. In Fig. 4, the first coil 19 is shadowed for easy discrimination of the first and second coils 19 and 20. The first coil 19 one end of which is connected to the terminal 10 is wound around the side faces 2a, 2d, 2c, and 2b of the core 2, and the other end is connected to the third terminal 15. On the other hand, the second coil 20 one end of which is connected to the second terminal 11 is wound around the side faces of 2b, 2a, 2d, and 2c, and the other end is connected to the fourth terminal 16.

By irradiation of a laser beam, the grooves are formed only in the first and second conductor films 6a and 6b, whereby the coils 19 and 20 are formed. In practical manufacturing work, it may happen that the bottoms of the grooves may reach the surface of the coat film 5 or core 2. If the surface portion of the core is removed by irradiation of a laser beam like this, the insulation resistance of the ferrite constituting the core is reduced. However, the reduced insulation resistance is compensated by the insulation resistance of the glass constituting the coat film 5. Accordingly, a characteristic of the coil component 1 can be set at a desired value.

The portion of the core 2 sandwiched between the flanges 3 and 4 is provided with the outer cover 21 made of resin to protect the coils 19 and 20. The surface of the outer cover film 21 is on the same plane as that of the second conductor film 6b provided on the flanges 3 and 4. As a whole, the differences in height between the flanges 3, 4 and the core 2 are eliminated, so that the coil component 1 takes a quadratic prism shape.

The coil component 1 is a surface mounting type, and is mounted by use of the side faces 3b and 4b of the flanges 3 and 4 having the first and third dividing grooves 7 and 12 formed therein, respectively, or the side faces 3b and 4b having the second and fourth dividing grooves 8 and 13 formed therein, respectively, as mounting surfaces. Though not especially shown, if a concavity or convexity for indicating the directivity is formed on one or the other end of the core 2, that is, on the flange 3 or 4, formation of the electrodes and the coils, and mounting of the component can be properly performed.

The first to fourth dividing grooves 7, 8, 12, and 13 are further elongated on the inclined faces 3c and 4c of the flanges 3 and 4, respectively. The boundaries between these dividing grooves and the first and second winding-around grooves 17 and 18 lie on the inclined surfaces 3c and 4c, respectively. Accordingly, each of the first and second coils 19 and 20 is wholly covered with the outer covering film 21 from one end thereof to the other end, not exposed to the mounting surface, to be protected.

Fig. 5 shows a modification example of the above-described embodiment. In a coil component 1a of Fig. 5, the connection between the respective terminals and the coils is different from that in the above example. One end of the first coil 19 is connected to the first terminal 10, and the other end is connected to the fourth terminal 16. Further, one end of the second coil 20 is connected to the second terminal 11, and the other end is connected to the third terminal 15. The other configuration is the same as that of the coil component 1, and the description is omitted.

For mounting of the coil component 1a configured as described above, the side faces 3b and 4b of the flanges 3 and 4 having the first and third dividing grooves 7 and 12 formed therein, respectively, or the side faces 3b and 4b having the second and fourth dividing grooves 8 and 13 formed therein, respectively, may be used as mounting surfaces. Further, the side faces 3b and 4b of the flanges 3 and 4 having none of the first to fourth dividing grooves 7, 8, 12, and 13 formed therein, respectively, may be used as mounting surfaces.

Further, as shown in Fig. 6, no conductor films may be provided for the side-faces 3a and 4a of the flanges 3 and 4. That is, the first and second terminals 10 and 11 may be formed so as not to extend on the end faces 3a and 4a, respectively.

In Fig. 6, only the flange 3 is shown. The third and fourth terminals 15 and 16 may be formed similarly to the first and second terminals 10 and 11.

A further embodiment of the present invention will be described.

In Fig. 7, a coil component 51 comprises a core 52 made of ferrite, and an outer covering film 521 which covers a part of the core 52.

The core 52 has a quadratic prism shape with four side faces 52a, 52b, 52c, and 52d, as shown in Figs. 8A and 8B. In one and the other ends of the core 52, formed are flanges 53 and 54 each having a substantially Japanese hand drum shape protruding in the radial direction of the core 52. The flange 53 has an end face 53a, a pair of side faces 53b1 and a pair of side faces 53b2 in parallel to the respective side faces of the core 52, and a pair of inclined faces 53c1 and a pair of inclined faces 53c2 which are continuous with the respective side faces of the core 52 and inclined with respect to the axial direction of the core 52. Similarly, the flange 54 has an end face 54a, side faces 54b1 and 54b2, and inclined faces 54c1 and 54c2.

In the flange 53, a first terminal 510a, a second terminal 510b, and a third terminal 510c are formed by providing first dividing grooves 57a and 57b, and second dividing grooves 58a and 58b, and first connecting grooves 59a and 59b. In the flange 54, a fourth terminal 511a, a fifth terminal 511b, and a sixth terminal 511c are formed by providing third dividing grooves 512a and 512b, fourth dividing grooves 513a and 513b, and second connecting grooves 514a and 514b, respectively. In the part of the core 52 sandwiched between the flanges 53 and 54, first to fourth coils 516 to 519 are formed by providing first to fourth winding-around grooves 515a to 515d.

As shown in Fig. 9, a coat film 55 made of glass is formed on the surface of the core 52. Further, a conductor film 56 is formed on the coat film 55. The conductor film 56 comprises a first conductor film 56a formed on the whole of the surface of the core 52, and a second conductor film 56b overlapping the first conductor film 56a in the flanges 53 and 54.

The first conductor film 56a comprises a copper or nickel plating formed by an electroless plating method and a copper plating formed thereon by an electroplating method. The two plating-layers are provided as described above to assure a predetermined thickness. Accordingly, if a plating having a predetermined thickness can be formed, it is not necessary to provide two overlapped plating layers. For example, a copper plating may be formed so as to have a desired thickness by electroplating.

The second conductor film 56b comprises a nickel plating formed on the first conductor film 56a by electroless plating, and a tin plating formed thereon by electroplating.

A part of the conductor film 56 set before hand is irradiated with a laser beam. The respective grooves are formed by removing the irradiated part. Hereinafter, the configurations of the respective grooves will be described with reference to Figs. 8A, 8B, and Fig. 10. Fig. 10 shows the core 52 developed in order to facilitate the understanding of the configurations. Flanges 53 and 54 are shown, assuming that they are on the same plane as the core without the concavities and convexities of the flanges 53 and 54 being shown.

In the flange 53, the first dividing grooves 57a and 57b and the second dividing grooves 58a and 58b are formed in the second conductor film 56b, elongating on a pair of the opposed side faces 53b1 and a pair of the inclined faces 53c1. In the end face 53a, formed are the connecting grooves 59a and 59b connecting these dividing grooves to each other. With these dividing and connecting grooves, first, second, and third terminals 510a, 510b, and 510c insulated from each other are formed in the flange 53.

Further, in the flange 54, the third dividing grooves 512a and 512b and the fourth dividing grooves 513a and 513b are formed in the second conductor film 56b, elongating on a pair of the opposed side faces 54b1 and a pair of the inclined faces 54c1, respectively. In the end face 4a, formed are the connecting grooves 514a and 514b connecting the these dividing grooves to each other. With these grooves, fourth, fifth, and sixth terminals 511a, 511b, and 511c insulated from each other are formed in the flange 54.

Further, first to fourth winding-around grooves 515a to 515d, winding around the core 52 not crossing each other, are formed in the first conductor film 56a on the respective side faces of the core 52. The first winding-around groove 515a is elongated from the end of the first dividing groove 57a on the inclined face 53c1 of the flange 53 onto the side face 52a of the core 52, and via the point P on the tangential line between the side face 52a and the side face 52d of the core 52, passed through the side faces 52d, 52c, and 52b, returned to the side face 52a, and connected to the third dividing groove 512a on the inclined face 54c1 of the flange 54. Further, the second winding-around groove 515b is elongated from the end of the first dividing groove 57b on the inclined face 53c1 of the flange 53, passed through the side face 52a of the core 52, and via the point q, passed through the side faces 52d, 52c, and 52b, and connected to the third dividing groove 512b on the inclined face 54c1 of the flange 54.

The third winding-around groove 515c is elongated from the end of the second dividing groove 58a on the inclined face 53c1 of the flange 53 onto the side face 52c of the core 52, passed through the side faces 52b and 52a, and via the point x on the tangential line between the side faces 52a and 52d of the core 52, passed through the side faces 52d, returned to the side face 52c, and connected to the fourth dividing groove 513a on the inclined face 54c1 of the flange 54. The fourth winding-around groove 515d is elongated from the end of the second dividing groove 58b, passed through the side faces 52c, 52b, and 52a of the core 52, and via the point y, connected to the fourth dividing groove 513b.

The widths of the first to fourth dividing grooves 57a, 57b, 58a, 58b, 512a, 512b, 513a, and 513b are set to be larger than those of the first to fourth winding-around grooves 515a to 515d, respectively. For this reason, in the case where the winding-around grooves are formed by means of a laser beam, the winding-around grooves can be securely connected to the dividing grooves, respectively, even if the irradiation position of the laser beam is departed, provided that the departure is within a predetermined range.

With the first to fourth winding-around grooves 515a to 515d, first to fourth coils 516 to 519 are formed so as not to cross each other. In Fig. 10, for easy discrimination of the first to fourth coils 516 to 519, the respective coils are shadowed. The first coil 516 one end of which is connected to the first terminal 510a is wound around the core 52 from the side face 52d of the core 52 and through the side faces 52c and 52b, and the other end is connected to the fourth terminal 511a on the side face 52a. Further, the second coil 517 one end of which is connected to the second terminal 510b is wound around the side faces 52c, 52b, and 52a of the core 52, and via the side face 52d, returned to the face 52c, and the other end is connected to the fifth terminal 511b. Further, the third coil 518 one end of which is connected to the third terminal 510c is wound around the side faces 52b, 52a, 52d, and 52c of the core 52, and the other end is connected to the sixth terminal 511c. Further, the fourth coil 519 one end of which is connected to the second terminal 510b is wound around the side faces 52a, 52d, 52c, and 52b of the core 52, and returned to the side face 52a. The other end is connected to the fifth terminal 511b. Both ends of the second coil 517 and both ends of the fourth coil 519 are connected to each other via the second terminal 510b and the fifth terminal 511b, respectively, so as to be integrated with each other.

Fig. 11 shows an equivalent circuit for the coil component 51. In Fig. 11, the first to the third coils 516 to 518 form independent coils. The fourth coil 519 is connected in parallel to the second coil 517.

In the coil component 51, the first to the fourth coils 516 to 519 are formed in parallel to each other. Accordingly, the coupling degrees between the coils are high, and the distributed capacitances between the coils are equally generated. Thus, a distributed constant type of coil component can be realized.

In the second coil 517 and the fourth coil 519 formed integrally, the same current-carrying capacity can be obtained even if the widths of the coils are reduced to half thereof, respectively. Accordingly, the area of the core 52 occupied by the conductor can be decreased. That is, the size of the coil component 51 can be reduced. If the widths of the coils are not changed, double the current-carrying capacity can be obtained.

By irradiation of a laser beam, grooves are formed only in the first and second conductor films 56a and 56b, whereby the first to fourth coils 516 to 519 are formed. In practical manufacturing work, it may happen that the bottoms of the grooves may reach the surface of the coat film 55 or core 52. If the surface portion of the core is removed by irradiation of a laser beam like this, the insulation resistance of the ferrite constituting the core is reduced. However, the reduced insulation resistance is compensated by the insulation resistance of the glass constituting the coat film 55. Accordingly, a characteristic of the coil component 51 can be set at a desired value.

The portion of the core 52 sandwiched between the flanges 53 and 54 is provided with an outer cover 521 made of resin to protect the first to fourth coils 516 to 519. The surface of the outer cover film 521 is on the same plane as the surface of the flanges 53 and 54, that is, that of the second conductor film 56b provided on the flanges 53 and 54. As a whole, the differences in height between the flanges 53, 54 and the core 52 are eliminated, so that the coil component 51 takes a quadratic prism shape.

The coil component 51 is a surface mounting type, and is mounted by use of the side face 53b1 of the flange 53 having the first dividing grooves 57a and 57b formed therein and also the side face 54b1 of the flange 54 having the third dividing grooves 512a and 512b formed therein as mounting surfaces. Further, the side faces 53b1 of the flange 53 having the second dividing grooves 58a and 58b formed therein, and the side faces 54b1 of the flange 54 having the fourth dividing grooves 513a and 513b formed therein may be used as mounting surfaces.

The end faces 53a and 54a of the flanges 53 and 54 have a quadrangle shape, preferably a rectangle shape. Hence, the electrical directivity can be easily discriminated. When the core 52 is fed to a working machine in the laser working process for forming the respective winding-around grooves, the directivity can be discriminated securely and accurately. In addition, at mounting onto a printed-circuit board, the discrimination of the directivity can be easily performed. Moreover, a concavity or convexity (not shown) may be formed on one or the other end of the core 52, that is, on the flange 53 or 54 in order to discriminate the electrical directivity.

The first to fourth dividing grooves 57a, 57b, 58a, 58b, 512a, 512b, 513a, and 513b are further elongated on the inclined faces 53c1 and 54c1 of the flanges 53 and 54, respectively. The boundaries between these dividing grooves and the first to fourth winding-around grooves 515a to 515d lie on the inclined surfaces 53c1 and 54c1, respectively. Accordingly, each of the first to fourth coils 517 to 519 is wholly covered with the outer covering film 521 from one end thereof to the other end without the coils 517 to 519 being exposed to the mounting surface, to be protected.

As shown in Fig. 12A, in the flange 53, the conductor film 56 may be formed only on the side faces 53b1 and 53b2 and the inclined faces 53c1 and 53c2, the first dividing grooves 57a and 57b and the second dividing grooves 58a and 58b are formed, and as shown in Fig. 12B, a strip conductor 560 is formed on the end face 53a of the flange 53 by plating or the like. Accordingly, a first terminal 510a and a third terminal 510c not elongating on the end face 53a of the flange 53, and also a second terminal 510b further elongating on the end face 53a of the flange 53 are formed. Fourth to sixth terminals 511a to 511c provided on the flange 54 may have the same configuration as described above.

Hereinafter, the configuration of a coil component according to a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to Figs. 13, 14A, 14B, and 15. Similar parts in Figs. 7 to 10 are designated by similar reference numerals, and description of the parts is omitted.

In Fig. 13, a coil component 51a comprises a core 52, and an outer covering film 52 which covers a part of the core 52.

The core 52 has a quadratic prism shape with four side faces 52a, 52b, 52c, and 52d, as shown in Figs. 14A and 14B. Flanges 53 and 54 each having a substantially Japanese hand drum shape are formed on the core 52. The flange 53 has an end face 53a, a pair of side faces 53b1, a pair of side faces 53b2, a pair of inclined faces 53c1, and a pair of inclined faces 53c2. Similarly, the flange 54 has an end face 54a, a pair of side faces 54b1, a pair of side faces 54b2, a pair of inclined faces 54c1, and a pair of inclined faces 54c2.

In the flange 53, a first terminal 530a, a second terminal 530b, a third terminal 530c, and a fourth terminal 530d are formed by providing first dividing grooves 527a, 527b, and 527c, second dividing grooves 528a, 528b, and 528c, and first connecting grooves 529a, 529b, and 529c, respectively. In the flange 54, a fifth terminal 531a, a sixth terminal 531b, a seventh terminal 531c, and an eighth terminal 531d are formed by providing third dividing grooves 532a, 532b, and 532c, fourth dividing grooves 533a, 533b, and 533c, and second connecting grooves 534a, 534b, and 534c. In the part of the core 52 sandwiched between the flanges 53 and 54, first to sixth coils 536 to 541 are formed by providing first to sixth winding-around grooves 535a to 535f.

A coat film made of glass is provided on the surface of the core 52, and a conductor film is formed on the coat film, though not shown. The conductor film comprises a first conductor film formed on the whole of the surface of the core 52, and a second conductor film overlapping the first conductor film in the flanges 53 and 54.

A part of the conductor film set before hand is irradiated with a laser beam. The respective grooves are formed by removing the irradiated part. Hereinafter, the configurations of the respective grooves will be described with reference to Figs. 14A and 14B, and Fig. 15. Fig. 15 shows the core 52 developed in order to facilitate the understanding of the configurations. The flanges 53 and 54 are shown, assuming that they are on the same plane as the core without the concavities and convexities of the flanges being shown.

In the flange 53, the first dividing grooves 527a to 527c and the second dividing grooves 528a to 528c are formed in the conductor film, elongating on a pair of the opposed side faces 53b1 and a pair of the inclined faces 53c1. In the end face 53a, the connecting grooves 529a to 529c connecting these dividing grooves to each other are formed. These grooves and the connecting grooves form first to fourth terminals 530a to 530d insulated from each other in the flange 53.

Further, in the flange 54, the third dividing grooves 532a to 532c and the fourth dividing grooves 533a to 533c are formed in the conductor film, elongating on a pair of the opposed side faces 54b1 and a pair of the inclined faces 54c1. In the end face 54a, the connecting grooves 534a to 534c connecting these dividing grooves to each other are formed. With these grooves, fifth to eighth terminals 531a to 531d insulated from each other are formed in the flange 54.

Further, in the conductor film on the respective side faces of the core 52, first to sixth winding-around grooves 535a to 535f are formed so as to wind around the core 52 not crossing each other. The first winding-around groove 535a is elongated from the end of the first dividing groove 527a on the inclined face 53c1 of the flange 53 onto the side face 52a of the core 52, and via the point P on the tangential line between the side face 52a and the side face 52d of the core 52, passed through the side faces 52d, 52c, and 52b, and returned to the side face 52a, and connected to the third dividing groove 532a on the inclined face 54c1 of the flange 54. Further, the second winding-around groove 535b is elongated from the end of the first dividing groove 527b on the inclined face 53c1 of the flange 53, and via the point Q, passed through the side faces 52d, 52c, and 52b, and connected to the third dividing groove 532b on the inclined face 54c1 of the flange 54. Further, the third winding-around groove 535c is elongated from the end of the first dividing groove 527c, and via the point R, passed through the side face 52d, 52c, and 52b, and connected to the third dividing groove 532c.

The fourth winding-around groove 535d is elongated from the end of the second dividing groove 528a on the inclined face 53c1 of the flange 53 onto the side face 52c of the core 52, passed through the side faces 52b and 52a, and via the point X on the tangential line between the side face 52a and the side face 52d, passed through the side faces 52d, returned to the side face 52c, and connected to the fourth dividing groove 533a on the inclined face 54c1 of the flange 54. The fifth winding-around groove 535e is elongated from the end of the second dividing groove 528b, passed through the side faces 52c, 52b, and 52a of the core 52, and via the point Y, connected to the fourth dividing groove 533b. The sixth winding-around groove 535f is connected via the point Z to the fourth dividing groove 533c.

With the first to sixth winding-around grooves 535a to 535f, the first to sixth coils 536 to 541 are formed so as not to cross each other. In Fig. 15, the first to sixth coils 536 to 541 are shadowed for easy discrimination, respectively.

The first coil 536 one end of which is connected to the first terminal 530a is wound around the side faces 52d, 52c, 52b, and 52a of the core 52, and the other end is connected to the fifth terminal 531a. The second coil 537 one end of which is connected to the second terminal 530b is wound around the side faces 52a, 52d, 52c, and 52b of the core 52, and returned to the side face 52a. The other end is connected to the sixth terminal 531b. The third coil 538 one end of which is connected to the third terminal 530c is wound around the side faces 52a, 52d, 52c, and 52b of the core 52, and returned to the side face 52a. The other end is connected to the seventh terminal 531c. The fourth coil 539 one end of which is connected to the fourth terminal 530d is wound around the side faces 52b, 52a, 52d, and 52c of the core 52, and returned to the side face 52b. The other end is connected to the eighth terminal 531d.

The fifth coil 540 one end of which is connected to the second terminal 530b is wound around the side faces 52c, 52b, 52a, and 52d of the core 52, and returned to the side face 52c. The other end is connected to the sixth terminal 531b. The sixth coil 541 one end of which is connected to the third terminal 530c is wound around the side faces 52c, 52b, 52a, and 52d of the core 52, and returned to the side face 52c. The other end is connected to the seventh terminal 531c.

Both ends of the second coil 537 and both ends of the fifth coil 540 are connected to each other through the second terminal 530b and the sixth terminal 531b, respectively, to be integrated with each other. Both ends of the third coil 538 and both ends of the sixth coil 541 are connected to each other through the third terminal 530c and the seventh terminal 531c to be integrated with each other.

Fig. 16 shows an equivalent circuit of the coil component 51a. In Fig. 16, the first to the fourth coils 536 to 539 form independent coils. The fifth coil 540 is connected in parallel to the second coil 537. The sixth coil 541 is connected in parallel to the third coil 538.

In two sets of the coils formed integrally as described above, the same current-carrying capacity can be obtained even if the widths of the coils are reduced to half thereof, respectively. Accordingly, the area of the core 52 occupied by the conductor can be decreased. That is, the size of the coil component 51a can be reduced. If the widths of the coils are not changed, double the current-carrying capacity can be obtained.

The coil component 51a has the same advantages as those of the coil component 51, in addition to the above-described ones.

In the above embodiments, described are the examples in which each of the winding-around grooves and the coils formed in the conductor of the core has the both ends thereof positioned on the same side face of the core. However, one end and the other of each of the winding-around grooves and the coils may be formed on the opposite side faces.

The shape and size of each flange provided for the core is not restricted to that described in the above embodiments. For example, the flange may have the same shape and size as that of a flange 5301 shown in Fig. 17 or that of a flange 5302 shown in Fig. 18.

In the above-described embodiments, the surface of each outer covering film may be positioned near to the center axis of the core, not being on the same plane as the surface of the flanges. That is, for example, the outer covering film may be depressed from the surfaces of the flanges, as shown in Fig. 19.

The material for forming the core may be a magnetic material excluding the ferrite. The core may be formed from glass, a dielectric, plastic, alumina, or the like. In the case where the core is formed from glass or alumina, there is no possibility that the insulation resistance is reduced by the laser beam working, and thereby, it is not necessary to form the coat film on the surface of the core. In this case, the conductor film is formed directly on the surface of the core. The shape of the core is not restricted to a prism. The core may have a column or the like.

According to the present invention, a coil component in which plural coils and terminals in connection to the plural coils are clearly defined can be provided.

The plural coils are formed so as to be in parallel to each other. Accordingly, the coupling degree between the coils is high, and distributed capacitances between the coils are equally generated. Thus, a distributed constant type coil component can be provided.

Preferably, the widths of the dividing grooves on the core are larger those that of each of the winding-around grooves, respectively. For this reason, in the case where the winding-around grooves are formed so as to be connected to the dividing grooves by means of a laser beam, respectively, the winding-around grooves can be securely connected to the dividing grooves, even if the irradiation position of the laser beam is departed, provided that the departure is within a predetermined range.

In the case where the core is formed of a magnetic material or a dielectric, a coat film made of glass is provided on the surface of the core. Hence, even if the magnetic material or a dielectric is modified by a laser beam applied for formation of the winding-around grooves on the core, and the insulation resistance of the core is reduced, the coat film assures the required insulation resistance. Accordingly, the insulation resistance between a pair of coils can be set at a desired value.

In the coil component of the present invention, the end face of each flange provided for the core may have a quadrangle shape, preferably a rectangle shape, whereby the electrical directivity can be easily discriminated. In the process of forming the respective winding-around grooves, the directivity can be discriminated securely and accurately when the core is supplied to a working machine. Further, when the coil component is mounted onto a printed circuit board, the discrimination of the directivity can be easily performed.

Preferably, the boundaries between the dividing grooves and the winding-around grooves provided on the core lie on the inclined faces of one pair of the flanges protruding from the core. For this reason, when the outer covering is filled into the part of the core sandwiched between the flanges, coils defined by the winding-around grooves are wholly covered from one end thereof to the other with the outer covering film, not exposed to mounting surface, to be protected.

Preferably, the part of the core sandwiched between the flanges is provided with an outer covering film, and the surface of the outer covering film is on the same plane as the surfaces of the flanges, or is depressed from the surfaces of the flanges toward the center axis of the core. Accordingly, the height of the coil component can be reduced.

In the coil component of the present invention, different static capacitances can be realized by selecting materials having different dielectric constants for the core or the outer covering film. Thus, the distributed constant of the coil component can be set at a desired value.


Anspruch[de]
Eine Spulenkomponente, die eine Spule aufweist, die durch einen beseitigten Teil eines Leiterfilms (21) gebildet wird, der auf einem säulenartigen Kern (2) vorgesehen ist, gekennzeichnet durch/mit folgenden Merkmalen: einem ersten und einem zweiten Anschluss (10, 11), die voneinander isoliert sind und in dem Leiterfilm an einem Endabschnitt des Kerns durch eine erste Teilungsrille (7) und eine zweite Teilungsrille (8) in dem Leiterfilm vorgesehen sind; einem dritten und einem vierten Anschluss (15, 16), die voneinander isoliert sind und in dem Leiterfilm an dem anderen Endabschnitt des Kerns durch eine dritte Teilungsrille (12) und eine vierte Teilungsrille (13) in dem Leiterfilm vorgesehen sind; einer ersten Umwicklungsrille (17), die auf dem Leiterfilm von der ersten Teilungsrille zu der dritten oder vierten Teilungsrille vorgesehen ist, die mit der ersten und dritten oder vierten Teilungsrille zusammenhängen; einer zweiten Umwicklungsrille (18), die auf dem Leiterfilm von der zweiten Teilungsrille zu der vierten oder dritten Teilungsrille vorgesehen ist, die mit der zweiten und vierten oder dritten Teilungsrille zusammenhängen, parallel zu der ersten Umwicklungsrille; und einer ersten Spule (19) und eine zweite Spule (20), die parallel zueinander sind und durch die erste und die zweite Umwicklungsspule (17, 18) definiert sind. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der insgesamt zumindest drei Anschlüsse (510a, 510b, 510c), die voneinander isoliert sind, durch zumindest zwei erste Teilungsrillen (57a, 57b) und zumindest zwei zweite Teilungsrillen (58a, 58b) vorgesehen sind,

insgesamt zumindest drei Anschlüsse (511a, 511b, 511c), die voneinander isoliert sind, durch zumindest zwei dritte Teilungsrillen (512a, 512b) und zumindest zwei vierte Teilungsrillen (513a, 513b) vorgesehen sind, und

zumindest vier Umwicklungsrillen (515a-515d), die parallel zueinander sind, in dem Leiterfilm gebildet sind und sich von der ersten und der zweiten Teilungsrille zu der dritten und der vierten Teilungsrille erstrecken, jeweils mit den Teilungsrillen zusammenhängend,

zumindest vier Spulen (516-519), die parallel zueinander sind und durch die zumindest vier Umwicklungsspulen (515a-515d) definiert sind.
Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der ein Ende der ersten Spule mit dem ersten Anschluss verbunden ist und das andere Ende mit dem dritten Anschluss verbunden ist und ein Ende der zweiten Spule mit dem zweiten Anschluss verbunden ist und das andere Ende mit dem vierten Anschluss verbunden ist. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der ein Ende der ersten Spule mit dem ersten Anschluss verbunden ist und das andere Ende mit dem vierten Anschluss verbunden ist, und ein Ende der zweiten Spule mit dem zweiten Anschluss verbunden ist und das andere Ende mit dem dritten Anschluss verbunden ist. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 2, bei der zumindest ein Paar der Spulen durch den Anschluss auf einer oder der anderen Endseite des Kerns miteinander verbunden sind. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, bei der an einem Ende des Kerns eine erste Verbindungsrille, die die erste und die zweite Teilungsrille miteinander verbindet, in dem Leiterfilm vorgesehen ist. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, bei der an dem anderen Ende des Kerns eine zweite Verbindungsrille, die die dritte und die vierte Teilungsrille miteinander verbindet, in dem Leiterfilm vorgesehen ist. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, bei der die Breite jeder der ersten bis vierten Teilungsrille größer ist als die jeder der Umwicklungsrillen. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, bei der Flansche (53, 54) an dem einen Endabschnitt und dem anderen Endabschnitt des Kerns (52) vorgesehen sind, um in der radialen Richtung des Kerns vorzustehen. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 9, bei der die Grenzen zwischen der ersten bis vierten Teilungsrille und den Unwicklungsrillen in den Flachen der Flansche liegen, die mit der Oberfläche des Kerns zusammenhängen. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 10, bei der die Flächen der Flansche (53cl, 53c2; 54cl, 54c2), die mit der Oberfläche des Kerns zusammenhängen, jeweils bezüglich der radialen Richtung des Kerns geneigt sind. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 9, bei der die Flansche (53, 54) jeweils eine rechteckige Endfläche (53a, 54a) aufweisen, die parallel zu der radialen Richtung des Kerns ist. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, bei der der Kern (52) aus Ferrit (55) hergestellt ist, ein Überzugsfilm (55) auf der Oberfläche des Kerns vorgesehen ist und der Leiterfilm auf dem Überzugsfilm vorgesehen ist. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der der Überzugsfilm aus Glas hergestellt ist. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 9, bei der der Teil des Kerns, der zwischen den Flanschen angeordnet ist, mit einem äußeren Abdeckfilm (521) versehen ist und die Oberfläche des äußeren Abdeckfilms auf derselben Ebene liegt wie die Oberflächen der Flansche. Eine Spulenkomponente gemäß Anspruch 9, bei der der Teil des Kerns, der zwischen den Flanschen angeordnet ist, mit einem äußeren Abdeckfilm versehen ist und der Abdeckfilm in der Nähe der Mittelachse des Kerns vorgesehen ist, nicht auf derselben Ebene wie die Oberflächen der Flansche.
Anspruch[en]
A coil component having a coil formed by a removed part of a conductor film (21) provided on a columnar core (2), characterised by comprising: first and second terminals (10, 11) insulated from each other, and provided in the conductor film on one end portion of the core by a first dividing groove (7) and a second dividing groove (8) in the conductor film; third and fourth terminals (15, 16) insulated from each other, provided in the conductor film on the other end portion of the core by a third dividing groove (12) and a fourth dividing groove (13) in the conductor film; a first winding-around groove (17) provided on the conductor film from the first dividing groove to the third or fourth dividing groove, continuously with the first and third or fourth dividing grooves; a second winding-around groove (18) provided on the conductor film from the second dividing groove to the fourth or third dividing groove, continuously with the second and fourth or third dividing grooves, in parallel to the first winding-around groove; and a first coil (19) and a second coil (20) in parallel to each other defined by the first and second winding-around grooves (17,18). A coil component according to claim 1, wherein a total of at least three terminals (510a, 510b, 510c) insulated from each other are provided by at least two first dividing grooves (57a, 57b) and at least two second dividing grooves (58a, 58b),

a total of at least three terminals (511a, 511b, 511c) insulated from each other are provided by at least two third dividing grooves (512a, 512b) and at least two fourth dividing grooves (513a, 513b), and

at least four winding-around grooves (515a-515d) in parallel to each other are formed in the conductor film, elongating from the first and the second dividing grooves to the third and the fourth dividing grooves, continuously with the dividing grooves, respectively,

at least four coils (516-519) in parallel to each other defined by said at least four winding-around grooves (515a-515d).
A coil component according to claim 1, wherein one end of the first coil is connected to the first terminal, and the other end is connected to the third terminal, and

one end of the second coil is connected to the second terminal, and the other end is connected to the fourth terminal.
A coil component according to claim 1, wherein one end of the first coil is connected to the first terminal, and the other end is connected to the fourth terminal, and

one end of the second coil is connected to the second terminal, and the other end is connected to the third terminal.
A coil component according to claim 2, wherein at least one pair of the coils are connected to each other through the terminal on one or the other end side of the core. A coil component according to one of claims 1 and 2, wherein on one end of the core, a first connecting groove connecting the first and second dividing grooves to each other is provided in the conductor film. A coil component according to one of claims 1 and 2, wherein on the other end of the core, a second connecting groove connecting the third and fourth dividing grooves to each other is provided in the conductor film. A coil component according to one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the width of each of the first to fourth dividing grooves is larger than that of each of the winding-around grooves. A coil component according to one of claims 1 and 2, wherein flanges (53, 54) are provided on the one end portion and the other end portion of the core (52) so as to protrude in the radial direction of the core. A coil component according to claim 9, wherein the boundaries between the first to fourth dividing grooves and the winding-around grooves lie in the faces of the flanges continuous with the surface of the core. A coil component according to claim 10, wherein the faces of the flanges (53c1, 53c2; 54c1, 54c2) continuous with the surface of the core are inclined with respect to the radial direction of the core, respectively. A coil component according to claim 9, wherein the flanges (53, 54) each have a rectangular end face (53a, 54a) in parallel to the radial direction of the core. A coil component according to one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the core (52) is made of ferrite (55), a coat film (55) is provided on the surface of the core, and the conductor film is provided on the coat film. A coil component according to claim 13, wherein the coat film is made of glass. A coil component according to claim 9, wherein the part of the core sandwiched between the flanges is provided with an outer covering film (521), and the surface of the outer covering film is on the same plane as the surfaces of the flanges. A coil component according to claim 9, wherein the part of the core sandwiched between the flanges is provided with an outer covering film, and the covering film is positioned near to the center axis of the core, not on the same plane as the surfaces of the flanges.
Anspruch[fr]
Composant de bobine ayant une bobine formée par une partie retirée d'un film conducteur (21) agencé sur un noyau en forme de colonne (2), caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend : des première et deuxième bornes (10, 11) isolées l'une de l'autre et agencées dans le film conducteur sur une partie d'extrémité du noyau par une première rainure de séparation (7) et une deuxième rainure de séparation (8) dans le film conducteur ; des troisième et quatrième bornes (15, 16) isolées l'une de l'autre, agencées dans le film conducteur sur l'autre partie d'extrémité du noyau par une troisième rainure de séparation (12) et une quatrième rainure de séparation (13) dans le film conducteur ; une première rainure d'enroulement (17) prévue sur le film conducteur et s'étendant de la première rainure de séparation à la troisième ou quatrième rainure de séparation de manière continue avec la première ainsi que les troisième et quatrième rainures de séparation ; une deuxième rainure d'enroulement (18) prévue sur le film conducteur et s'étendant de la deuxième rainure de séparation à la quatrième ou troisième rainure de séparation de manière continue avec la deuxième ainsi que les quatrième ou troisième rainures, parallèlement à la première rainure d'enroulement ; et une première bobine (19) et une deuxième bobine (20) en parallèle l'une à l'autre définies par les première et deuxième rainures d'enroulement (17, 18). Composant de bobine selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un total d'au moins trois bornes (510a, 510b, 510c) isolées les unes de autres sont fournies par au moins deux premières rainures de séparation (57a, 57b) et au moins deux deuxièmes rainures de séparation (58a, 58b),

un total d'au moins trois bornes (511a, 511b, 511c) isolées les unes des autres sont fournies par au moins deux troisièmes rainures de séparation (512a, 512b) et au moins deux quatrièmes rainures de séparation (513a, 513b), et

au moins quatre rainures d'enroulement (515a à 515d) parallèles les unes aux autres sont formées dans le film conducteur, s'allongeant des première et deuxième rainures de séparation aux troisième et quatrième rainures de séparation, de manière continue avec les rainures de séparation, respectivement,

au moins quatre bobines (516 à 519) en parallèle les unes aux autres définies par au moins quatre rainures d'enroulement (515a à 515d).
Composant de bobine selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une extrémité de la première bobine est reliée à la première borne, et l'autre extrémité est reliée à la troisième borne, et

une extrémité de la deuxième bobine est reliée à la deuxième borne, et l'autre extrémité est reliée à la quatrième borne.
Composant de bobine selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une extrémité de la première bobine est reliée à la première borne, et l'autre extrémité est reliée à la quatrième borne, et

une extrémité de la deuxième bobine est reliée à la deuxième borne, et l'autre extrémité est reliée à la troisième borne.
Composant de bobine selon la revendication 2, dans lequel au moins une paire de bobines sont reliées l'une à l'autre par l'intermédiaire de la borne sur l'un ou l'autre côté d'extrémité du noyau. Composant de bobine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel sur une extrémité du noyau, une première rainure de connexion reliant les première et deuxième rainures de séparation l'une à l'autre est agencée dans le film conducteur. Composant de bobine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel sur l'autre extrémité du noyau, une deuxième rainure de connexion reliant les troisième et quatrième rainures de séparation l'une à l'autre est agencée dans le film conducteur. Composant de bobine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel la largeur de chacune des première à quatrième rainures de séparation est plus importante que celle de chacune des rainures d'enroulement. Composant de bobine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel des brides (53, 54) sont agencées sur la première partie d'extrémité et l'autre partie d'extrémité du noyau (52) de manière à faire saillie dans la direction radiale du noyau. Composant de bobine selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les limites entre les première à quatrième rainures de séparation et les rainures d'enroulement reposent dans les faces des brides de manière continue avec la surface du noyau. Composant de bobine selon la revendication 10, dans lequel les faces des brides (53c1, 53c2 ; 54c1, 54c2) agencées de manière continue avec la surface du noyau sont inclinées par rapport à la direction radiale du noyau, respectivement. Composant de bobine selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les brides (53, 54) ont chacune une face d'extrémité rectangulaire (53a, 54a) parallèle à la direction radiale du noyau. Composant de bobine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel le noyau (52) est composé de ferrite (55), un film de revêtement (55) étant agencé sur la surface du noyau, et le film conducteur étant agencé sur le film de revêtement. Composant de bobine selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le film de revêtement est composé de verre. Composant de bobine selon la revendication 9, dans lequel la partie du noyau intercalée entre les brides est munie d'un film de recouvrement externe (521), et la surface du film de recouvrement externe est sur le même plan que les surfaces des brides. Composant de bobine selon la revendication 9, dans lequel la partie du noyau intercalée entre les brides est munie d'un film de recouvrement externe, et le film de recouvrement est positionné à proximité de l'axe central du noyau, pas sur le même plan que les surfaces des brides.






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