PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1417885 29.11.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001417885
Titel GRANULATFÖRMIGES HERBIZID
Anmelder Kyoyu Agri Co.,Ltd., Kawasaki, Kanagawa, JP
Erfinder USHIGUCHI, Yoshio, Nagano-shi, Nagano 381-0006, JP;
HORI, Yohichi, Nagano-shi, Nagano 381-0006, JP;
TAKAHASHI, Katsuhiro, Nagano-shi, Nagano 381-0006, JP;
YAMAMOTO, Shinichi, Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 213-0002, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60223044
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 12.07.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 027460039
WO-Anmeldetag 12.07.2002
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/JP02/07098
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2003007713
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 30.01.2003
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 12.05.2004
EP date of grant 17.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.11.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 25/12(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse A01N 57/20(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
Technical Field

This invention relates to a granular herbicide for foliage application directly onto undesirable plants, which contains a water soluble, non-selective foliage application type herbicidally active compound such as glyphosate; and to a process for killing or controlling undesirable plants using said herbicide.

Background Art

Non-selective foliage application type herbicidally active compounds such as glyphosate kill or control many species of weeds non-selectively, and hence have been used in non-agricultural land such as railways, created land, parking lots, parks and house circumferences. Furthermore, because said herbicidally active compounds falling on soil surface lose their herbicidal activity against plants after they are adsorbed in the soil and exhibit no phytotoxicity for useful plants, they are widely used also in agricultural land such as orchard, vegetable gardens and paddy fields before ploughing. Conventionally, for uniformly applying such a non-selective foliage application type herbicidal compound as glyphosate to allow exhibition of its maximum effect, generally such a non-selective foliage application type herbicidally active compound is formulated into such preparation forms as liquid, water soluble granule, flowable, wettable powder and the like, and a method of diluting said preparation forms with water is adopted.

These preparations, however, are difficult for use where water facilities are bad because they are used as diluted with water. Moreover, for spraying these preparations, suitable devices such as a sprayer is indispensable. Besides such problems, their application with a sprayer scatters fine spray particles which are apt to be drifted with wind. Therefore, their spray in the vicinities of useful plants or to the areas close to plant bases is liable to cause phytotoxicity, and is normally avoided.

On the other hand, recently water soluble granule or water dispersible granule preparations are developed in consideration of the problems incidental to disposal of containers and toxicity of solvents used in emulsifiable concentrate, and also for such reasons as their better flowability and easier measurement compared with water soluble powder or wettable powder preparations. Furthermore, they do not cause dust scattering in the occasions of preparing spraying liquids therefrom, exhibiting improved safety for the workers. As water soluble granule or water dispersible granule preparations containing glyphosate as herbicidally active ingredient, for example, water dispersible granule preparations comprising glyphosate and polyglycolether nonionic surfactant having a wax viscosity [ JP Hei 6 (1994)-256121A ] or water soluble granule preparations comprising glyphosate, a surfactant and polyalkylene glycol as an extrusion granulating assistant [ JP Hei 11 (1999)-255609A ] have been proposed. These water soluble granule or water dispersible granule preparations, however, are invariably to be diluted with water before application, like liquid, emulsifiable concentrate or flowable preparations and the problems as above-described still remain unsolved.

WO 94/10844 A discloses (cf. abstract) dry water-soluble and water-dispersible formulations of glyphosate and an inorganic or organic, non-caustic, non-effervescing basic material. The glyphosate particles (cf. p. 8, para. 4 and Examples 1-4) are mechanically mixed together with the rest of the components and the mixture is milled to a fine powder in the range of about 50 mesh (i.e. ~0.30 mm). Glyphosate can also be mixed with the surfactant and milled without the basic material (cf. p. 9 and Examples 5 and 6). The ingredients can also be mixed in the presence of water to form an extrudable wet mix from which granules are formed. Preferably extrusion orifices will provide extrusions between 400 and 1200 microns (cf. p. 11, para. 1 and Examples 7-10).

EP-A-0 582 561 relates (cf. abstract) to water-soluble extruded granular compositions of glyphosate. In all of the examples (cf. p. 6, 1. 36-38), the source of glyphosate was Roundup® WSD, milled to provide a fine powder of 40 mesh (420 microns). The final compositions prepared (cf. Examples 1-11) had a granule size of 10-40 mesh (2-0.42 mm).

WO 01/08492 A describes (cf. abstract) a process for preparing an extruded granular composition of glyphosate. In Examples 1, 3 and 4, a paste containing glyphosate was extruded through an extrusion die having 0.7 mm or 1 mm apertures to obtain the final granules.

WO 97/02742 A discloses in Examples 1-6, 12, 13 extruded herbicidal granules containing glyphosate as active ingredient having a size of 12-48 mesh (~1.68-0.30 mm). In Example 8, the same granules are prepared, containing glyphosate/bialaphos, glyphosate/basta, bialaphos, or basta.

EP-A-0 394 211 also discloses in the examples extruded granules containing glyphosate, bialaphos, or glufosinate, having a size of 12-48 mesh (~1.68-0.30 mm).

Disclosure of the Invention

We have engaged in concentrative studies with the view to solve above problems to discover: surprisingly, when water soluble, non-selective foliage application type herbicidally active compounds such as glyphosate are formulated into small size granular preparations which contain said herbicidally active compounds in a state allowing quick elution thereof, and directly applied to weeds as they are, the granular preparations are effectively deposited and retained on foliage of the weeds and readily eluted with minor amounts of water such as the night dew or morning dew to accomplish fully satisfactory herbicidal effect, whereby solving all of the problems of water facilities, spraying equipment, drifting with wind, etc. at once. The present invention is whereupon completed.

Thus, the present invention provides a granular herbicide for direct foliage application to undesirable plants, which contains glyphosate or its salt as the active ingredient and which is obtainable by forming the herbicidally active compound within a range of 0.1-60% by weight into granules with surfactant(s) within a range of 2-10% by weight, binder(s) within a range of 2-10% by weight and carrier(s) and further optionally with polyhydric alcohol(s) within a range of 2-20% by weight characterized by having an average granule size within a range of 0.21-1 mm and an elution ratio of said active ingredient of at least 20% when 20 mg of the granular herbicide is treated for one hour with a circular filter paper sheet of 55 mm in diameter which is impregnated with 50 µl of water, wherein the granular herbicide has a composition selected from the group consisting of

  1. (i) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, polyoxyethylenestyryl-phenyl ether 10 wt%, starch 10 wt% and diatomaceous silica 59 wt%,
  2. (ii) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 67 wt%,
  3. (iii) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 67 wt%,
  4. (iv) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 57 wt% and bentonite 10 wt%,
  5. (v) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 7 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 71 wt% and bentonite 10 wt%,
  6. (vi) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, glycerine 15 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 52 wt%,
  7. (vii) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 7 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, glycerine 15 wt%, diatomaceous silica 56 wt% and bentonite 10 wt%.

The present invention also provides a method of killing or controlling undesirable plants, characterized by directly applying said granular herbicide onto foliage of undesirable plants.

Hereinafter the granular herbicide and the method of its use of the present invention are explained in further detail.

Embodiments of the Invention

The herbicidally active compound which is used as the active ingredient in the granular herbicide of the present invention is water soluble and is of a type to be absorbed through plant foliage to kill or control the plants non-selectively. The compound suitably has solubility in water of at least 10 g/liter at 20°C. Said herbicidally active compound desirably is such that its herbicidal activity is substantially lost when it drops on soil surface and is adsorbed into the soil.

According to the invention, these granular herbicides are formulated into such a granular preparation form having an average granule size within a range of 0.21-1 mm and an elution ratio of the herbicidal ingredient of the present invention from the preparation as measured by the following method of at least 20%, preferably at least 40%, inter alia, at least 50%.

<Method for measuring elution ratio of herbicidal ingredient of the present invention>

Fifty (50) µl of distilled water is weighed with a micropipette and dropped on the central area of a circular filter paper sheet of 55 mm in diameter (ADVANTEC Co., No.5C). At the time the water has diffused and infiltrated over the entiety of the filter paper (in about 2 minutes), accurately weighed 20 mg of a sample preparation is dispersed on the filter paper, taking care that the granules shall not overlap with each other.

The filter paper on which the sample preparation is dispersed is immediately put in a desiccator containing water at its bottom portion and left there for an hour. The filter paper is withdrawn from the desiccator, mildly patted to remove the preparation remaining thereon and thereafter extracted with 10 ml of distilled water. The herbicidal ingredient of the present invention contained in the extracted solution is determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC analysis), and from the determined value the eluted amount a mg of the herbicidal ingredient per mg of the sample preparation is decided.

Separately, accurately weighed 20 mg of a sample preparation is dispersed in 10 ml of distilled water to cause complete elution of the herbicidal ingredient of the present invention in the sample preparation into the water which then is centrifuged. The supernatant is given an HPLC analysis to determine the herbicidal ingredient contained in the supernatant, and from the determined value the amount b mg of the herbicidal ingredient contained per mg of the sample preparation is decided.

The elution ratio(%) of the herbicidal ingredient of the present invention from the sample preparation is calculated by a formula, a / b × 100.

Granular herbicides of the present invention can be adjusted of their average granule size to fall within a range of 1.0 mm - 0.21 mm, by means of combined selection of a screen diameter of the granulating machine used (between 1.0 mm - 0.2 mm) and mesh size of the sieve used (between 1.0 mm - 0.21 mm).

Granular herbicides of the present invention having the specified average granule size and the specified elution ratio of herbicidal ingredient of the present invention can be formulated following accepted formulation methods of water dispersible granule preparations, for example, by granulating one or more of the herbicidal ingredients of the present invention together with surfactants, binders and carriers, and further with polyhydric alcohols where necessary.

Surfactants useful for formulating granular herbicides of the present invention are anionic surfactants, i.e., dialkylsulfosuccinate and nonionic surfactants such as polyoxyethylene alkyl ether and polyoxyethylene-styrylphenyl ether.

The binders useful for formulating the granular herbicides of the present invention are sodium polyacrylate and starch.

Carriers useful for formulating the granular herbicides of the present invention are bentonite and diatomaceous silica.

Furthermore, polyhydric alcohols which can be optionally used for formulating the granular herbicides of the present invention are subject to no specific limitation, examples of which including glycerine, ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, xylitol, maltitol, butylene glycol, polyoxyethylene methyl glycoside, mannitol, sorbitol and the like. The use rate of these polyhydric alcohols is not critical, but generally their use within a range of 0.1-40°/ by weight, in particular, 2-20% by weight, to the total amount of the preparation is desirable from the standpoints of effect and economy.

Formulation method of granular herbicides of the present invention is subject to no specific limitation so long as the requirements for the average granule size and the elution ratio of herbicidal ingredient of the present invention are satisfied. Normally, however, the formulation can be carried out, for example, by the following methods: the herbicidal ingredient of the present invention is mixed with surfactants, binders and carriers, and further optionally with polyhydric alcohols; then 1) the mixture is kneaded with addition of water, granulated with an extrusion granulating machine, adjusted of the granule size, dried and sieved; 2) the mixture is granulated with a tumbling granulating machine under addition of water, adjusted of the granule size, dried and sieved; 3) the mixture is dispersed in water, granulated with a spray granulating machine, adjusted of the granule size, dried and sieved; or 4) onto a flowing mixture of surfactants and carriers, the herbicidally active ingredient and a binder solution are sprayed and granulated with a fluidized bed granulating machine, adjusted of the granule size, dried and sieved. The sieving can be carried out using sieves with mesh sizes between 1.0 mm and 0.21 mm in combination.

The adjustment of the elution ratio of herbicidal ingredient of the present invention from so formulated preparation can be conducted with ease, by adjusting the use rate of the surfactants and/or binders.

The granular herbicides provided by the present invention are applicable directly to foliage of undesirable plants, retaining their granular preparation form, without being diluted with water like conventional herbicides. The application can be done by scattering the granular herbicidal preparation as it is, either by hand or from its container directly over plant foliage, or at a place like a large field, it is also permissible to use an application tool like a granule applicator for direct application of the preparation onto plant foliage.

The direct application causes the granular herbicide of the present invention to fall and be deposited on foliage of undesirable plants, and from the herbicide its herbicidal ingredient is readily eluted with such miner amount of moisture like night dew or morning dew (in certain cases the herbicide granules are readily collapsed and dispersed to allow elution of the herbicidal ingredient). The eluted herbicidal ingredient is absorbed by the plant foliage, to exhibit excellent herbicidal effect as well as applying conventional wettable powder or liquid preparations after dilution with water.

The granular herbicidal preparations of the present invention can be applied, for example, to industrial parks, shoulders or slopes of railroad or driveway, orchards (e.g., vineyard, orange orchard and the like), tea gardens, forest lands, playgrounds, well-wooded gardens and the like, to control undesirable plant species present in such areas. The application rate of the granular herbicidal preparation of the present invention in such occasions is variable over a broad range depending on the kind of the herbicidal ingredient, the species of plants to kill or control, and percentage of vegetational cover. Whereas, generally suitable application rate ranges 50 g/a - 2000 g/a, in particular, 150 g/a - 300 g/a.

Application of the granular herbicide of the present invention is preferably carried out on a windless or faintly windy day. It is also more effective to carry it out in the evening when night dew or morning dew are apt to fall.

Examples

Hereinafter the invention is explained more specifically, referring to working examples, it being understood that the invention is not limited to these examples.

Example 1

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, polyoxyethylenestyryl-phenyl ether 10 wt%, starch 10 wt% and diatomaceous silica 59 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Thirty (30) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). The size-adjusted granules obtained were dried and then sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-1).

Example 2

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 67 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Thirty (30) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-2).

Example 3

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 67 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Thirty (30) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.5 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-3).

Example 4

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 57 wt% and bentonite 10 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Twenty-four (24) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-4).

Example 5

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 7 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 71 wt% and bentonite 10 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Thirty (30) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-5).

Example 6 (not according to the invention)

Glyfosinate 10 wt%, alkylamine salt 10 wt%, carboxymethyl cellulose 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 68 wt% and bentonite 10 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Twenty-four (24) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-6).

Example 7 (not according to the invention)

Bialaphos 10 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 68 wt% and bentonite 10 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Twenty-four (24) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-7).

Example 8

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, glycerine 15 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 52 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Twenty (20) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.3 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-8).

Example 9

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 7 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, glycerine 15 wt%, diatomaceous silica 56 wt% and bentonite 10 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Twenty (20) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.3 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Example-9).

Comparative Example 1

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 25 wt%, sodium ligninsulfonate 5 wt%, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate 0.3 wt%, white carbon 34 wt%, talc 18.7 wt% and bentonite 17 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Fifty-five (55) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Comparative Example-1).

Comparative Example 2

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 25 wt%, isobutylene-maleic acid copolymer 2 wt%, alkylbenzenesulfonate 10 wt%, carboxymethyl cellulose 5 wt%, perlite 45 wt% and clay 13 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Thirty-six (36) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Comparative Example-2).

Comparative Example 3

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 25 wt%, alkylbenzenesulfonate 10 wt%, silicone-type surfactant 6 wt%, carboxymethyl cellulose 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 40 wt% and clay 17 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 0.8 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.0-0.21 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Comparative Example-3).

Comparative Example 4

Glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 67 wt% were measured into a mixing vessel and mixed for 5 minutes with a universal mixer. Thirty (30) wt% of water per 100 wt% of this mixture was added and together kneaded for further 5 minutes. The kneaded product was granulated with a basket type granulating machine equipped with a 1.5 mm mesh size screen (Hata Ironworks Co.). So obtained size-adjusted granules were dried and sifted (1.68-1 mm) to provide a granular herbicidal preparation (Comparative Example-4).

Comparative Example 5

KUMIAI KUSA TOBAN™ manufactured by Kumiai Chemical Industry Co. Ltd. (a glyphosate ammonium salt water soluble granule, containing 20% of glyphosate ammonium salt) (Comparative Example-5) was used in its sold form.

Comparative Example 6

KARUNAKUSU™ manufactured by Yashima Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (a glyphosate isopropylamine salt liquid preparation containing 41.0% of glyphosate isopropylamine salt) (Comparative Example-6) was used in its sold form.

Comparative Example 7

BASTA (Liquid)™ manufactured by Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd. (a glyfosinate liquid preparation containing 18.5% of glyfosinate) (Comparative Example-7) was used in its sold form.

Comparative Example 8

HERBI (Liquid)™ manufactured by Hokko Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (a bialaphos liquid preparation containing 18% of bialaphos) (Comparative Example-8) was used in its sold form.

Elution ratios of herbicidally active ingredients from the granular herbicides as obtained in above Examples 1-9 and Comparative Examples 1-4; and the water soluble granule preparation of Comparative Example 5, were measured by the earlier described method. The result was as shown in the following Table 1.

Test Example 1 (Elutability test)

TABLE 1 No. Elution ratio (%) Example 1 48 2 60 3 68 4 55 5 61 6 56 7 60 8 65 9 66 Comparative Example 1 0 2 9 3 14 4 58 5 6

Using the granular herbicides obtained in above Example 1-9 and Comparative Examples 1-4; the water soluble granule preparation of Comparative Example 5; and the herbicidal liquid preparations of Comparative Examples 6-8, their herbicidal effect was evaluated.

Test Example 2 (Pot test)

Pots of each 1/3000a scale were filled with upland soil and onto which seeds of southern crabgrass [Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler], slender amaranthus [Amaranthus viridis L.] and common lambsquarters [Chenopodium album L.] were planted, covered up with the soil, and after the crabgrass grew to about 20-30 cm in height, the granular herbicides of Examples 1-9 and Comparative Examples 1-4, the water soluble granule preparation of Comparative Example 5 and the herbicidal liquid preparations of Comparative Examples 6-8 were applied.

The modes of application were as follows: the granular herbicides of Examples 1-9 and Comparative Examples 1-4 were hand-scattered as they were, not being diluted with water; each prescribed amount of the herbicidal liquid preparations of Comparative Examples 6-8 were diluted with 10 liters/a of water and applied with a hand sprayer; and the water soluble granule preparation of Comparative Example 5 was applied in two ways, i.e., either hand-scattered as it was, without being diluted, or a prescribed amount thereof was diluted with 10 liters/a of water and applied with a hand-sprayer. Onto the sections where the granular herbicides of Examples 1-9 and Comparative Examples 1-4, and the water soluble granule preparation of Comparative Example 5 were applied by hand, water was lightly sprinkled with a hand-spryer in advance of the herbicide application. The test was conducted in four replicates.

Four weeks after the application, herbicidal effect was evaluated based on the following ratings. The results were as given in the following Table 2.

Evaluation standard

5 ... kill or control ratio at least 90% 4 ... kill or control ratio 70-90% 3 ... kill or control ratio 40-70% 2 ... kill or control ratio 20-40% 1 ... kill or control ratio 5-20% 0 ... kill or control ratio 5% or less
TABLE 2 Chemical preparation Application rate (g, ml/a) Application rate of active ingredient (gai/a) Dilution with water Herbicidal effect southern crabgrass slender amaranthus common lambsquarters Example-1 97.6 20.5 No 5 5 5 Example-2 97.6 20.5 No 5 5 5 Example-3 97.6 20.5 No 5 5 5 Example-4 97.6 20.5 No 5 5 5 Example-5 292.8 20.5 No 5 5 5 Example-6 92.5 9.25 No 5 5 5 Example-7 90.0 9.0 No 5 5 5 Example-8 97.6 20.5 No 5 5 5 Example-9 292.8 20.5 No 5 5 5 Comparative Example-1 82.0 20.5 No 0 0 0 Comparative Example-2 82.0 20.5 No 0 1 0 Comparative Example-3 82.0 20.5 No 1 2 1 Comparative Example-4 97.6 20.5 No 0 0 0 Comparative Example-5 102.5 20.5 No 1 1 1 Yes 5 5 5 Comparative Example-6 50.0 20.5 Yes 5 5 5 Comparative Example-7 50.0 9.25 Yes 5 5 5 Comparative Example-8 50.0 9.0 Yes 5 5 5

Test Example 3 (Field test)

Mowing a simple community of southern crabgrass (percentage of vegetational cover: 90-98%) in the orchard of a laboratory, the granular herbicides of Examples 1-9 and Comparative Examples 1-4, the water soluble granule preparation of Comparative Example 5 and the herbicidal liquid preparations of Comparative Examples 6-8 were applied when the regrown crabgrass reached 15-20 cm in height.

The modes of application were as follows: the granular herbicides of Examples 1-9 and Comparative Examples 1-4 were hand-scattered as they were, not being diluted with water; each prescribed amount of the herbicidal liquid preparations of Comparative Examples 6-8 were diluted with 10 liters/a of water and applied with a hand sprayer; and the water soluble granule preparation of Comparative Example 5 was applied in two ways, i.e., either hand-scattered as it was, without being diluted, or a prescribed amount thereof was diluted with 10 liters/a of water and applied with a hand sprayer.

The test was conducted in two replicates, over the areas of 1 m2 each. The applications were performed under the condition that morning dew was no more present so that moisture supply would come from the morning dew falling on the next day.

After four weeks of the application, the herbicidal effect was evaluated based on the same rating standard as used in Test Example 2. The results were as given in the following Table 3. TABLE 3 Chemical preparation Application rate (g, ml/a) Application rate of active ingredient (gai/a) Dilution with water Herbicidal effect Southern crabgrass Example-1 97.6 20.5 No 5 Example-2 97.6 20.5 No 5 Example-3 97.6 20.5 No 5 Example-4 97.6 20.5 No 5 Example-5 292.8 20.5 No 5 Example-6 92.5 9.25 No 5 Example-7 90.0 9.0 No 5 Example-8 97.6 20.5 No 5 Example-9 292.8 20.5 No 5 Comparative Example-1 82.0 20.5 No 0 Comparative Example-2 82.0 20.5 No 0 Comparative Example-3 82.0 20.5 No 1 Comparative Example-4 97.6 20.5 No 0 Comparative Example-5 102.5 20.5 No 0 Yes 5 Comparative Example-6 50.0 20.5 Yes 5 Comparative Example-7 50.0 9.25 Yes 5 Comparative Example-8 50.0 9.0 Yes 5

Effect of the Invention

As clearly demonstrated by the above test results, these granular herbicides of the present invention, which are imparted with the property of giving an elution ratio of the herbicidally active ingredient of at least 20% when 20 mg of a tested herbicide is treated with a circular filter paper sheet of 55 mm in diameter which is impregnated with 50 µl of water, exhibit the intended effect when directly applied onto foliage of weeds as they are, without being diluted with water, through the mechanism that the active ingredient in the granular herbicides which fell and were deposited on the weed foliage is readily eluted with water of about a quantity supplied by morning dew or more and absorbed by the weed foliage. Furthermore, the granular herbicides of the present invention do not require any special application tool or apparatus but can be applied with hand or from their containers directly onto weeds, to achieve equivalent herbicidal effect to the cases of using conventional application method of diluting a liquid preparation with water and applying the same with a sprayer or the like, while avoiding chemical injury on ambient crops caused by drifting.


Anspruch[de]
Granulatförmiges Herbizid für die direkte Aufbringung auf das Laub von unerwünschten Pflanzen, enthaltend Glyphosat oder sein Salz als Wirkstoff, und erhältlich durch Verformung der herbizid wirksamen Verbindung in einer Menge im Bereich von 0,1 bis 60 Gew.-% zu Granulaten mit Netzmittel(n) in einer Menge im Bereich von 2 bis 10 Gew.-%, Bindemittel(n) in einer Menge im Bereich von 2 bis 10 Gew.-% und Träger(n) und weiterhin gegebenenfalls mit mehrwertigem/n Alkohol(en) in einer Menge von 2 bis 20 Gew.-%, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es eine mittlere Korngröße im Bereich von 0,21 bis 1 mm und ein Elutionsverhältnis des genannten Wirkstoffs von mindestens 20% hat, wenn 20 mg des granulatförmigen Herbizids eine Stunde lang mit einem kreisförmigen Filterpapierblatt mit einem Durchmesser von 55 mm, das mit 50 µl Wasser imprägniert ist, behandelt werden, wobei das granulatförmige Herbizid eine Zusammensetzung, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus (i) 21 Gew.-% Glyphosatisopropylaminsalz, 10 Gew.-% Polyoxyethylenstyrylphenylether, 10 Gew.-% Stärke und 59 Gew.-% Kieselgur bzw. diatomeenerdeartiges Siliciumdioxid, (ii) 21 Gew.-% Glyphosatisopropylaminsalz, 10 Gew.-% Dialkylsulfosuccinat, 2 Gew.-% Natriumpolyacrylat und 67 Gew.-% Kieselgur bzw. diatomeenerdeartiges Siliciumdioxid, (iii) 21 Gew.-% Glyphosatisopropylaminsalz, 10 Gew.-% Dialkylsulfosuccinat, 2 Gew.-% Natriumpolyacrylat und 67 Gew.-% Kieselgur bzw. diatomeenerdeartiges Siliciumdioxid, (iv) 21 Gew.-% Glyphosatisopropylaminsalz, 6 Gew.-% Dialkylsulfosuccinat, 4 Gew.-% Polyoxyethylenalkylether, 2 Gew.-% Natriumpolyacrylat, 57 Gew.-% Kieselgur bzw. diatomeenerdeartiges Siliciumdioxid und 10 Gew.-% Bentonit, (v) 7 Gew.-% Glyphosatisopropylaminsalz, 6 Gew.-% Dialkylsulfosuccinat, 4 Gew.-% Polyoxyethylenalkylether, 2 Gew.-% Natriumpolyacrylat, 71 Gew.-% Kieselgur bzw. diatomeenerdeartiges Siliciumdioxid und 10 Gew.-% Bentonit, (vi) 21 Gew.-% Glyphosatisopropylaminsalz, 10 Gew.-% Dialkylsulfosuccinat, 15 Gew.-% Glycerin, 2 Gew.-% Natriumpolyacrylat und 52 Gew.-% Kieselgur bzw. diatomeenerdeartiges Siliciumdioxid, (vii) 7 Gew.-% Glyphosatisopropylaminsalz, 6 Gew.-% Dialkylsulfosuccinat, 4 Gew.-% Polyoxyethylenalkylether, 2 Gew.-% Natriumpolyacrylat, 15 Gew.-% Glycerin, 56 Gew.-% Kieselgur bzw. diatomeenerdeartiges Siliciumdioxid und 10 Gew.-% Bentonit, hat. Verfahren zum Abtöten oder zum Bekämpfen von unerwünschten Pflanzen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das granulatförmige Herbizid nach Anspruch 1 auf das Laub von unerwünschten Pflanzen direkt aufgebracht wird. Verwendung des granulatförmigen Herbizids nach Anspruch 1 zum Abtöten oder zur Bekämpfung von unerwünschten Pflanzen.
Anspruch[en]
A granular herbicide for direct foliage application to undesirable plants, which contains glyphosate or its salt as the active ingredient and which is obtainable by forming the herbicidally active compound within a range of 0.1-60% by weight into granules with surfactant(s) within a range of 2-10% by weight, binder(s) within a range of 2-10% by weight and carrier(s) and further optionally with polyhydric alcohol(s) within a range of 2-20% by weight characterized by having an average granule size within a range of 0.21-1 mm and an elution ratio of said active ingredient of at least 20% when 20 mg of the granular herbicide is treated for one hour with a circular filter paper sheet of 55 mm in diameter which is impregnated with 50 µl of water, wherein the granular herbicide has a composition selected from the group consisting of (i) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, polyoxyethylenestyryl-phenyl ether 10 wt%, starch 10 wt% and diatomaceous silica 59 wt%, (ii) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 67 wt%, (iii) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 67 wt%, (iv) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 57 wt% and bentonite 10 wt%, (v) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 7 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, diatomaceous silica 71 wt% and bentonite 10 wt%, (vi) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 21 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 10 wt%, glycerine 15 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt% and diatomaceous silica 52 wt%, (vii) glyphosate isopropylamine salt 7 wt%, dialkylsulfosuccinate 6 wt%, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 4 wt%, sodium polyacrylate 2 wt%, glycerine 15 wt%, diatomaceous silica 56 wt% and bentonite 10 wt%. Method for killing or controlling undesirable plants, characterized by directly applying the granular herbicide of Claim 1 to foliage of undesirable plants. Use of the granular herbicide of Claim 1 for killing or controlling undesirable plants.
Anspruch[fr]
Herbicide granulaire pour une application directe sur le feuillage de plantes indésirables, qui contient du glyphosate ou son sel en tant que principe actif et qui peut être obtenu en formant le composé actif sur le plan herbicide dans une gamme allant de 0,1% à 60% en poids en granulés avec un ou des tensio-actifs dans une gamme allant de 2% à 10% en poids, un ou des liants dans une gamme allant de 2% à 10% en poids et un ou des véhicules et éventuellement de plus avec un ou des polyols dans une gamme allant de 2% à 20% en poids, caractérisé en ce qu'il présente une taille moyenne de granulés dans une gamme allant de 0,21 à 1 mm et un rapport d'élution dudit principe actif d'au moins 20% lorsque 20 mg de l'herbicide granulaire est traité pendant une heure avec une feuille de papier filtre circulaire de 55 mm de diamètre qui est imprégnée de 50 µL d'eau, où l'herbicide granulaire a une composition choisie dans le groupe constitué par : (i) 21% en poids de sel de glyphosate d'isopropylamine, 10% en poids d'éther polyoxyéthylènestyryl-phénylique, 10% en poids d'amidon et 59% en poids de diatomite, (ii) 21% en poids de sel de glyphosate d'isopropylamine, 10% en poids de dialkylsulfosuccinate, 2% en poids de polyacrylate de sodium et 67% en poids de diatomite, (iii)21% en poids de sel de glyphosate d'isopropylamine, 10% en poids de dialkylsulfosuccinate, 2% en poids de polyacrylate de sodium et 67% en poids de diatomite, (iv) 21% en poids de sel de glyphosate d'isopropylamine, 6% en poids de dialkylsulfosuccinate, 4% en poids d'éther alkylique de polyoxyéthylène, 2% en poids de polyacrylate de sodium, 57% en poids de diatomite et 10% en poids de bentonite, (v) 7% en poids de sel de glyphosate d'isopropylamine, 6% en poids de dialkylsulfosuccinate, 4% en poids d'éther alkylique de polyoxyéthylène, 2% en poids de polyacrylate de sodium, 71% en poids de diatomite et 10% en poids de bentonite, (vi) 21% en poids de sel de glyphosate d'isopropylamine, 10% en poids de dialkylsulfosuccinate, 15% en poids de glycérine, 2% en poids de polyacrylate de sodium et 52% en poids de diatomite, (vii)7% en poids de sel de glyphosate d'isopropylamine, 6% en poids de dialkylsulfosuccinate, 4% en poids d'éther alkylique de polyoxyéthylène, 2% en poids de polyacrylate de sodium, 15% en poids de glycérine, 56% en poids de diatomite et 10% en poids de bentonite. Procédé pour éradiquer ou lutter contre des plantes indésirables, caractérisé par l'application directe de l'herbicide granulaire selon la revendication 1 sur le feuillage de plantes indésirables. Utilisation de l'herbicide granulaire selon la revendication 1 pour éradiquer ou lutter contre des plantes indésirables.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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