PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1458086 29.11.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001458086
Titel Piezoelektrischer Oszillator
Anmelder Seiko Epson Corp., Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Shimodaira, Kazuhiko, Suwa-shi Nagano-ken 392-8502, JP;
Nakajima, Yukari, Suwa-shi Nagano-ken 392-8502, JP;
Miyazaki, Katsuhiko, Suwa-shi Nagano-ken 392-8502, JP;
Koyama, Yugo, Suwa-shi Nagano-ken 392-8502, JP
Vertreter Hoffmann, E., Dipl.-Ing., Pat.-Anw., 82166 Gräfelfing
DE-Aktenzeichen 602004009490
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, FR, GB, LI
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 11.03.2004
EP-Aktenzeichen 040057903
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 15.09.2004
EP date of grant 17.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.11.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse H03B 5/36(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a piezoelectric oscillator, including a piezoelectric resonator package accommodating a piezoelectric resonating element and a semiconductor device having a built-in oscillating circuit for oscillating the piezoelectric resonating element.

In compact information equipment such as an HDD (Hard Disk Drive), a mobile computer, or an IC card, and mobile communication equipment such as a portable telephone, a car phone, or a paging system, a piezoelectric oscillator is widely used within the package. Conventionally, in the structure of a piezoelectric oscillator, a piezoelectric resonator unit and an oscillating circuit unit are respectively constituted by separate packages, and, for example, a structure in which the package constituting the piezoelectric resonator unit is overlapped with the package constituting the oscillating circuit unit and fixed thereon has been known (Microfilm of Publication of Utility Model Application No. H02-4312). Such structure can avoid various disadvantages when the piezoelectric resonating element and the oscillating circuit are accommodated within the same package. That is, there are some cases where gas, generated when resin cures, adheres to the piezoelectric resonating element and that leads to degradation, if the piezoelectric resonating element and the oscillating circuit are accommodated within the same package.

Therefore, as described above, by accommodating the piezoelectric resonating element and the oscillating circuit in separate packages, and overlapping them in the longitudinal direction, these disadvantages can be avoided and the oscillator can be constructed smaller. By the way, recently, in various equipment equipped with a piezoelectric oscillator, further miniaturization becomes a challenge, and thus, the piezoelectric oscillator itself is needed to be formed smaller.

Therefore, the piezoelectric oscillator having the constitution in which the piezoelectric resonating element and the oscillating circuit are accommodated in separate packages and overlapped in the longitudinal direction as described above is constructed, for example, as shown in Fig. 12.

Fig. 12 is a schematic perspective view showing the above described conventional piezoelectric oscillator in the middle of the manufacturing process. In the drawing, a lead frame 1 is fixed onto one surface 2a of a resonator package 2 accommodating a piezoelectric resonating element therein. The lead frame 1 includes a device mounting portion 4, and an IC chip 3 is fixed onto the device mounting portion 4. The respective terminals of the IC chip 3 are wire-bonded to plural inner lead portions 5 included in the lead frame 1 using bonding wires 6.

However, in the piezoelectric oscillator as in Fig. 11, because the lead frame 1 is fixed onto the one surface 2a of the resonator package 2, and the IC chip 3 is fixed onto the device mounting portion 4 of the lead frame 1, the entire thickness becomes larger.

The document JP 11-284 441 A discloses a temperature compensated crystal oscillator comprising a resonator package accommodating a piezoelectric resonating element and a semiconductor device fixed face-down on a rear surface of the resonator package and having a built-in oscillating circuit. A wiring pattern is provided on the rear surface of the resonator package, and the semiconductor device is connected directly electrically and mechanically to this wiring pattern of the resonator package.

JP 04-259 104 A discloses a piezoelectric oscillator having on one side of an insulating board a wiring pattern and a semiconductor device mounted on said one side of the insulating board. On the other side of the insulating board a piezoelectric vibrator is mounted. Leads extend from the piezoelectric vibrator, penetrate the insulating board and are connected to the wiring pattern to establish an electrical connection between the semiconductor device and the piezoelectric vibrator.

US 5,541,557 A discloses a resin mold type piezoelectric oscillator, in which a resonator package is mounted on one side and a semiconductor device is mounted on the other side of a center portion of a lead frame. Terminals of the resonator package are bent towards and connected to lead portions of the lead frame. Terminals on a surface of the semiconductor device that faces away from the lead frame are wire-bonded to lead portions of the lead frame.

An object of the present invention is to provide a small piezoelectric oscillator that has a small stray capacitance.

This object is achieved by a piezoelectric oscillator as claimed in claim 1. Preferred embodiments of the invention are subject-matter of the dependent claims.

According to the construction of a first embodiment of the invention, the semiconductor device having the built-in oscillating circuit is fixed onto the rear surface of the resonator package, and the inner lead portion of the lead frame is further fixed onto the rear surface. Because the semiconductor device and the inner lead portion are fixed onto the same surface of the resonator package, and the inner lead portion does not project toward the front surface side of the resonator package by the thickness thereof, the entire thickness can be made thinner by the thickness of the inner lead portion. Thereby, as an advantage of the invention, a piezoelectric oscillator, in which the size in the thickness direction can be made smaller and the space required for mounting can be made smaller than those in the prior art, can be provided.

Preferred embodiments of the invention will be explained below with reference to the drawings, in which:

Fig. 1
is a schematic side view showing a first embodiment of a piezoelectric oscillator of the invention;
Fig. 2
is a schematic plan view of the piezoelectric oscillator in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3
is a schematic sectional view along line A-A of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4
is a schematic perspective view showing an example of a technique of fixing the inner lead portion and the external terminal portion of the piezoelectric oscillator in Fig. 1 in a state of being electrically insulated;
Fig. 5
is a schematic perspective view showing an example of a technique of fixing the piezoelectric oscillator in Fig. 1 in a state of being electrically coupled;
Fig. 6
is a flowchart simply showing an example of the manufacturing process of the piezoelectric oscillator in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7
is a schematic perspective view showing a part of the process of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8
is a schematic plan view showing a second embodiment of the piezoelectric oscillator of the invention;
Fig. 9
is a schematic plan view showing a third embodiment of the piezoelectric oscillator of the invention;
Fig. 10
is a schematic side view showing a fourth embodiment of the piezoelectric oscillator of the invention;
Fig. 11
is a view showing a schematic constitution of a digital portable telephone unit as an example of electronic equipment applying the piezoelectric oscillator according to the embodiments of the invention; and
Fig. 12
is a schematic perspective view showing a part of the manufacturing process of a conventional piezoelectric oscillator.

First Embodiment

Figs. 1 to 3 show a first embodiment of a piezoelectric oscillator of the invention. Fig. 1 is a schematic side view (left side view) of the piezoelectric oscillator, Fig. 2 is a schematic plan view of the piezoelectric oscillator, and Fig. 3 is a schematic sectional view along line A-A of Fig. 2. Note that, in Fig. 1, the internal construction is shown by making a resin molded portion transparent for convenience of understanding.

In the drawings, a piezoelectric oscillator 30 includes a resonator package 50 accommodating a piezoelectric resonating element, and an IC chip 40 that is a semiconductor device fixed to the rear surface of the resonator package 50 and having a built-in oscillating circuit.

As shown in Fig. 3, the resonator package 50 is formed by laminating plural base plates, formed by shaping ceramic green sheets of aluminum oxide, for example, as an insulating material, and then sintering them.

Some base plates are provided with holes so as to form a predetermined internal space S1 inside when laminated, and the package is in the form of an opened rectangular box. A piezoelectric resonating element 51 is accommodated in the internal space S1. That is, as shown in Fig. 3, electrode portions 56 (only one being visible), formed by, for example, nickel plating and gold plating on metallized tungsten, are provided so as to be exposed to the internal space S1 near the left end of the bottom of the resonator package 50 (the top and bottom is reversely shown in Fig. 3). Two electrode portions 56 of the same form are formed near both ends in the width direction of the resonator package 50 in Fig. 2 (in the direction perpendicular to the drawing sheet).

The electrode portions 56 in Fig. 3 are connected to external terminal portions 52 and 55, respectively, shown in Fig. 2, of the resonator package 50. The electrode portions 56 are electrically coupled to the IC chip 40, in a manner as described later, to supply a driving voltage to the piezoelectric resonating element 51. That is, as shown in Fig. 3, a conductive adhesive 57 is applied to the surface of the electrode portions 56, and a lead electrode portion (not shown) of a base portion 51 a of the piezoelectric resonating element 51 is mounted on the surface of the conductive adhesive 57 and bonded by curing the conductive adhesive 57.

By the way, as for the conductive adhesive 57, an adhesive made by including conductive particles, such as fine silver particles, in a synthetic resin agent as an adhesive component that exerts bonding force can be used, and silicone, epoxy, or polyimide conductive adhesives or the like can be used. The piezoelectric resonating element 51 is formed from quartz, for example; alternatively, a piezoelectric material such as lithium tantalate and lithium niobate can be used. In the case of the embodiment, as for the piezoelectric resonating element 51, for example, a so-called AT cut resonating element formed by cutting a quartz wafer into rectangular shape along a prescribed direction or a resonating element in the form of a tuning fork can be used.

The piezoelectric resonating element 51 is provided with two excitation electrodes as the electrodes for driving, and the above described lead electrode, connected to the excitation electrode and formed by leading on the bonding end of the piezoelectric resonating element 51 on the surface thereof.

In Fig. 3, a lid body 59 is for air-tightly sealing the piezoelectric resonating element 51 within the internal space S1, and a plate-formed lid body is used in the embodiment. By using a wax material (not shown), the lid body 59 is fixed to the open end of the resonator package 50 to seal it. As for the lid body 59, conductive metal such as a metallic alloy of Fe-Ni-Co is preferably used. The lid body is connected, by a conductive portion 53a, to an external terminal portion 53, on the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50 (the front side surface shown in Fig. 2 and the top surface in Fig. 3).

Further, in Fig. 2, an external terminal portion 54, exposed on the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50 is also connected to the lid body 59 by the same structure. In the embodiment, with the structure described as below, a shield effect can be provided by grounding the lid body 59 using the external terminal 54.

Next, the IC chip 40 as a semiconductor device is for accommodating the oscillating circuit formed by an integrated circuit (not shown) inside thereof. The IC chip 40 is fixed to the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50 (the front side surface shown in Fig. 2 and the top surface in Fig. 3) near the center thereof using an epoxy or silicon adhesive, for example. In this case, as shown in Fig. 2, the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50 has a larger area than the bonded surface of the IC chip 40, and forms an exposed surface 58a around the periphery of the IC chip 40. On the surface of the IC chip 40, which is opposite to the bonded surface of the resonator package 50, several terminal portions are provided, and six terminal portions 41 to 46 are exposed in Fig. 2. Needless to say, there are some cases where the number of terminal portions is larger or smaller than six depending on type of the IC chip.

in the embodiment shown in Fig. 2, the terminal portions 42, 43 of the IC chip 40 are connection terminals to the resonator package 50, for example. The terminal portion 41 is an input/output terminal of the oscillating circuit. The terminal portion 44 is a control terminal, the terminal portion 45 is an output terminal, and the terminal portion 46 is a ground terminal. The input/output terminal 41, the connection terminals 42, 43 to the resonator package 50, and the control terminal 44 are arranged along the left end side of the IC chip 40 in Fig. 2. On the other hand, the output terminal 45 and the ground terminal 46 are arranged along the right end side of the IC chip 40 in Fig. 2.

Further, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, in the positions that overlap with the external terminal portions 52, 53, 54, 55 on the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50, inner lead portions 61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a of lead portions 61, 62, 63, 64 separated from the lead frame (to be described later) are fixed, respectively. These respective inner lead portions are used such that the inner lead portion 61 a is a power supply terminal of the piezoelectric oscillator 30, the inner lead portion 62a is an output terminal of the piezoelectric oscillator 30, the inner lead portion 63a is a ground terminal of the piezoelectric oscillator 30, and the inner lead portion 64a is a control terminal of the piezoelectric oscillator 30. Of the respective inner lead portions, the inner lead portions 61a, 62a, and 64a are fixed in a state of being electrically insulated from the external terminal portions 52, 53, and 55 in the positions that respectively overlap with them, and the inner lead portion 63a is fixed in a state of being electrically connected to the external terminal portion 54 as a ground terminal of the resonator package 50. Additionally, as for the embodiment shown in Fig. 1, of the lead portions 61, 64, outer end side portions, viewed from the inner lead portions 61a, 64a, are bent downwardly, and the outer lead portions 61 b, 64b of the leading ends are bent inwardly at the lower ends.

Further, in Fig. 2, substantially at the center in the width direction of the resonator package 50, auxiliary lead portions 65, 66 for holding the resonator package 50 in the manufacturing process are fixed to the right and left positions in the drawing.

Fig. 4 shows an example of a technique of fixing the inner lead portion and the external terminal portion in a state of being electrically insulated. In the drawing, an insulative adhesive 67 is applied between the lower surface of the inner lead portion 62a and the external terminal portion 53 of the resonator package 50. By the adhesive 67, the inner lead portion 62a and the external terminal portion 53 are insulated. In this case, preferably, by integrally forming a wall portion 62b extending from the inner lead portion 62a toward the resonator package side, the wall portion 62b serves as a spacer that separates the inner lead portion 62a and the external terminal 53, and thereby, the insulation effect can be assured even more.

Fig. 5 shows an example of a technique of fixing the inner lead portion to the external terminal portion in an electrically coupled state. In the drawing, a conductive adhesive 68 is applied between the lower surface of the inner lead portion 63a and the external terminal portion 54 as a ground terminal of the resonator package 50. By the adhesive 68, the inner lead portion 63a and the external terminal portion 54 are conductively connected.

Further, as shown in Fig. 2, the terminal portion 41 of the IC chip 40 is electrically coupled to the inner lead portion 61 a, and the terminal 42 is electrically coupled to the external terminal 52 of the resonator package 50. In addition, the terminal portion 43 of the IC chip 40 is electrically coupled to the external terminal 55 of the resonator package 50, and the terminal portion 44 is electrically coupled to the inner lead portion 64a.

Furthermore, the terminal portion 45 is electrically coupled to the inner lead portion 62a, and the terminal portion 46 is electrically coupled to the inner lead portion 63a. These electrical connections are carried out by wire-bonding using conducting wire such as gold wire, for example, as shown in Fig. 2.

Therefore, the respective terminals of the resonator package 50 and the respective inner lead portions connected to the piezoelectric resonating element 51 are arranged so as not to be connected but insulated in the fixed positions, and the respective inner lead portions connected to the IC chip 40 are arranged so as to be connected to the respective terminals of the resonator package 50 by wire-bonding. On this account, because the connection to the piezoelectric resonating element is carried out without via the inner lead portions, the stray capacitance can be reduced.

After such electrical coupling is carried out, resin molding is carried out with synthetic resin so as to coat the components except at least outer lead portions 61 b, 64b of the lead portion 61 of Fig. 1. This resin molded portion 20 is provided for insulating the respective terminals, the gold wire of the wire bonding or the like and for protecting the internal structure, and can be formed by injecting, for example, epoxy resin as synthetic resin having advantageous formability and insulation capability into a forming die to shape it as shown in the drawings.

The embodiment is constructed as described above. As shown in Fig. 2, the IC chip 40 is fixed to the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50, and, to the rear surface 58, the respective inner lead portions 61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a of the lead frame are further fixed. That is, because IC chip 40 and the inner lead portions are fixed onto the same surface of the vibration package 50, the inner lead portions 61a, 62a, 63a, 64a do not project beyond the front surface side of the resonator package 50, and thereby, the thickness of the entire piezoelectric oscillator 30 can be thinner by the thickness of the inner lead portions.

Specifically, because the construction in which the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50 has a larger area than the bonded surface of the IC chip 40 fixed to the rear surface 58, and the respective inner lead portions 61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a are fixed using the exposed surface 58a, which is exposed in the state in which the IC chip 40 is fixed to the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50, the region for fixing the respective inner lead portions 61a, 62a, 63a, 64a and the region for fixing the IC chip 40 can be provided suitably on the same surface 58 of the resonator package 50. Thereby, it is assured that the thickness of the inner lead portions 61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a is absorbed dimensionally in the thickness of the IC chip 40, and thereby, a piezoelectric oscillator having a thin thickness can be formed easily. Further, because the resonator package 50 is sealed by the metal lid body 59, and the external terminal 54 electrically connected to the lid body 59 is provided on the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50, the piezoelectric oscillator 30 can be easily shielded. In addition, on the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50, the external terminal 52 and the external terminal 55 connected to the piezoelectric resonating element 51 accommodated therein are provided, and the inner lead portions 61a, 64a are electrically coupled to these terminals. On this account, the electrical connections of the piezoelectric resonating element 51, the IC chip 40, and the piezoelectric oscillator 30 to the external side can be easily carried out.

Further, as shown in Fig. 1, the lead portion 61 and lead portion 64 are bent downwardly from the respective inner lead portions 61a, 64a, which are fixed to the resonator package 50, and the midway positions 61c, 64c are formed so as to extend along the side surface of the piezoelectric oscillator 30. On this account, in the case where the mounting is carried out on a mounting substrate K or the like using solder as shown in the drawings, the solder is likely to adhere to the respective midway portions 61 c, 64c of the lead portions, respectively, to form fins 69, 69. Thereby, the mounting structure can be reinforced.

Fig. 6 is a flowchart briefly explaining an example of the manufacturing process of the piezoelectric oscillator 30. As shown in the drawing, at first, as a semiconductor device having a built-in oscillating circuit, for example, a commercially available IC chip, a lead frame for forming inner lead portions, and, as the resonator package 50, for example, a quartz package accommodating a quartz resonating element are prepared. The IC chip is not limited to that of a commercially available prescribed type, but may be a custom-build chip. Because the position of the external terminal is different when the type is different, the electrical coupling needs to be adapted as described later. As for the lead frame, a lead frame generally used when manufacturing a package device is used, and a lead frame formed by an Fe alloy such as a 42 alloy or a Cu alloy such as Cu-Sn, Cu-Fe, Cu-Zn, Cu-Ni, or a ternary alloy in which a third element is added thereto, for example, is used. The quartz package is the same as the resonator package 50 illustrated in detail in Fig. 3, and the structure thereof is as described above. That is, the package is manufactured by forming necessary electrodes in the ceramic package, for example, bonding the piezoelectric resonating element 51, and then sealing air-tightly by the lid body 59. Subsequently, the resonator package 50 as the quartz package is subjected to a unit inspection, as required, for its vibration frequency or the like (ST11), and followed by the next step.

Fig. 7 shows a state in which inner lead portions of the lead frame are fixed onto the rear surface 58 of the resonator package (ST12). As shown in the drawing, the number of the inner lead portions fixed onto the rear surface 58 of the resonator package is not limited to the number illustrated in Fig. 2, but a large number of lead portions can be fixed as shown by the signs of 60-1, 60-2. In this case, by fixing auxiliary lead portions 65, 66, which are arranged in a direction different from the direction in which these inner lead portions extend, for example, in a direction perpendicular to the direction in which the large number of inner lead portions denoted by 60-1, 60-2 extend, to the rear surface 58 of the resonator package, the large number of inner lead portions can be fixed while holding them not to displace. Then, the IC chip 40 is fixed substantially at the center of the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50 with an adhesive or the like (ST13). Next, as shown in the drawing, the terminal portions of the IC chip 40 and the external terminal portions 52, 53, 54, 55 of the resonator package and the large number of inner lead portions 60-1, 60-2 are electrically coupled by wire-bonding (ST14).

In such state, the arrangement is placed within a forming die (not shown), and the resin molded portion 20 described in Figs. 1 and 2 is formed by resin molding by injecting mold resin into the die (ST15). Then, using a prescribed jig the bending structures of the lead portions 61, 64 shown in Fig. 1 are shaped, and thus, the piezoelectric oscillator 30 including predetermined outer lead portions 61 b, 64b is formed (ST16). Subsequently, necessary inspection is performed (ST17), and the oscillator is packed (ST18) to bring it into the condition that it can be shipped as a product.

Second Embodiment

Fig. 8 is a schematic plan view showing a second embodiment of the piezoelectric oscillator of the invention. Because the parts assigned with the same signs as used in the first embodiment are common, overlapping description will be omitted, and the difference will be mainly described below.

The piezoelectric oscillator 70 of this second embodiment is different in construction of an IC chip 40-1 to be fixed to the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50. That is, as compared to Fig. 2, the IC chip 40 and the IC chip 40-1 are different in the arrangement of their terminal portions. In the IC chip 40-1, the input/output terminal 41 and connection terminals 42, 43 to the resonator package 50 are arranged along the left end side of the IC chip 40, which is the same as with the embodiment.

However, the difference is in the point that the control terminal 44 is disposed near to the center of the upper end side of the IC chip 40-1 as shown in Fig. 8. In addition, the output terminal 45 and the ground terminal 46 are arranged along the right end side of the IC chip 40-1 in Fig. 8. In response to the difference in construction of the IC chip 40-1, on the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50, the same terminal as the external terminal portion 55 of the first embodiment is provided as a first external terminal portion 55-1 in the same position as in the first embodiment, and further, a second external terminal portion 55-2 electrically connected to the first external terminal portion 55-1 within the package is exposed near to the right of the lower end side of the resonator package 50 in Fig. 8.

Moreover, a third external terminal 55-3 electrically connected to the second external terminal portion 55-2 within the package is exposed near to the right of the upper end side of the resonator package 50 in Fig. 8. In this case, as shown in the drawing, the connection terminal 43 of the IC chip 40-1 is connected to the first external terminal portion 55-1 of the resonator package 50 by wire-bonding or the like, the inner lead portion 64a is connected to the second external terminal portion 55-2 by wire-bonding or the like, and the connection terminal 44 of the IC chip 40-1 is connected to the third external terminal portion 55-3 of the resonator package 50 by wire-bonding or the like.

Thereby, as in the first embodiment, the necessary electrical coupling between the IC chip 40-1 and the resonator package 50 can be carried out by wire-bonding the respective connection terminals of the IC chip 40-1 to the external terminal portions and the inner lead portion arranged on the periphery thereof. That is, by exposing the necessary number of terminals connected to the piezoelectric resonating element 51 on the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50, the IC chip having a different terminal arrangement can be used.

Third Embodiment

Fig. 9 is a schematic plan view showing a third embodiment of the piezoelectric oscillator of the invention. Because the parts assigned with the same signs as used in the first embodiment are common, overlapping description will be omitted, and the difference will be mainly described as below.

The piezoelectric oscillator 90 of this third embodiment is mainly different from the first embodiment in the positions and forms of the inner lead portions 61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a.

That is, in the piezoelectric oscillator 90, the inner lead portions 61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a are arranged so as not to overlap two-dimensionally with the external terminal portions 52, 55, which are electrically coupled to the piezoelectric resonating element 51 within the resonator package 50. Specifically, arrangement of the inner lead portions 61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a are two-dimensionally shifted so that the respective principal surfaces thereof may not overlap with the principal surfaces of the external terminal portions 52, 55, and the inner lead portions 61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a may not contact the external terminal portions 52, 55.

Further, the inner lead portions 61 a, 64a have notch portions 61 d, 64d so as to take a longer distance to the external terminal portions 52, 55 in the horizontal direction within the limited range of the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50. The notch portions 61 d, 64d are formed so as to have forms that avoid the outline of the adjacent external terminal portions 52, 55 as shown in the drawing.

Note that the inner lead portions 62a, 63a may be arranged so as to overlap two-dimensionally with the external terminal portions 53, 54. However, in the third embodiment, the inner lead portions 62a, 63a are arranged so as not to overlap two-dimensionally with the external terminal portions 53, 54 in order to suppress the thickness of the piezoelectric oscillator 90.

In addition, because the inner lead portions 61a, 64a are arranged so as not to overlap two-dimensionally with the external terminal portions 52, 55, respectively, in order to avoid the contact with the external terminal portions 52, 55, unlike the first embodiment, there is no need to use the insulative adhesive 67 (see Fig. 4) for fixing them to the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50, and a conductive adhesive may also be used. The piezoelectric oscillator 90 according to the third embodiment of the invention is constructed as described above, and thereby, exerts the same operation and effect as those in the first embodiment.

Further, the inner lead portions 61a, 62a, 63a, 64a are arranged so as not to overlap two-dimensionally with the external terminal portions 52, 55. Thereby, the respective distances between the inner lead portions 61 a, 64a and the external terminal portions 52, 55 can be larger than in the first embodiment, the electrical insulation between the inner lead portions 61 a, 64a and the external terminal portions 52, 55 can be more assured, and the stray capacitance can be made smaller.

Especially, in Fig. 9, because the inner lead portions 61a, 64a have the notch portions 61d, 64d, the distances between the end surfaces of the inner lead portions 61 a, 64a and the end surfaces of the external terminal portions 52, 55 can be made even larger, the electrical insulation between the inner lead portions 61a, 64a and the external terminal portions 52, 55 can be even more assured, and the stray capacitance can be made even smaller.

By the way, the terminal portion 44 of the IC chip 40 in Fig. 9 is disposed near the inner lead portion 64a. On this account, there is no need to provide the external terminal portions 55-2, 55-3 in the resonator package 50 and connect these external terminal portions and the inner lead portion 64a as in Fig. 8 in the second embodiment, and the stray capacitance can be made smaller as compared to the piezoelectric oscillator 70 in Fig. 8.

Fourth Embodiment

Fig. 10 is a schematic side view showing a fourth embodiment of the piezoelectric oscillator of the invention. Because the parts assigned with the same signs as used in the first embodiment are common, overlapping description will be omitted, and the difference will be mainly described as below.

The piezoelectric oscillator 80 of this fourth embodiment is different in forms of the lead portions to be fixed to the rear surface 58 of the resonator package 50. Further, the coating range of the resin molded portion 20-1 is different. That is, the region at the center part of the lid body 59 of the resonator package 50 is exposed form the resin molded portion 20-1. Thereby, only the IC chip 40, the inner lead portions 61 a, 64a, side surfaces of the resonator package 50, and the bonded region of the resonator package 50 and the lid body 59 are resin molded.

By such construction, because the most part of the lid body 59 of the resonator package 50 is exposed form the resin molded portion 20-1, the heat dissipation of the heat generated by driving the semiconductor constituting the oscillating circuit can be accelerated. Further, in the case where the lid body 59 is formed from a light transmissive material such as glass, by not covering the lid body 59 with resin, frequency adjustment can be carried out by applying a laser beam or the like via the lid body to the internal piezoelectric resonating element (not shown).

In addition, in Fig. 10, the resonator package 50 is disposed with the rear surface 58 directed downward, which is reverse to that in the case of Fig. 1, and the respective lead portions 61, 64 fixed to the downward rear surface 58 are shorter than those in the case of Fig. 1, and bent in the form of a crank. Thereby, because the respective lead portions do not have the structures that project to the sides and come toward the mounting substrate K along the side surfaces of the resonator package 50 as in the case of Fig. 1, the size in the width direction becomes smaller than that of the piezoelectric oscillator 30 in Fig. 1. Accordingly, the mounting space can also be made smaller than that of the piezoelectric oscillator 30 in Fig. 1.

Electronic Equipment

Fig. 11 shows a schematic constitution of a digital portable telephone unit 300 as an example of electronic equipment applying the piezoelectric oscillator according to the above described embodiments of the invention. In the drawing, the voice of a transmitter converted into an electric signal by a microphone 308 is digitally modulated in a demodulator/codec unit, and frequency converted to an RF (Radio Frequency) band in the transmitting unit 307, and then, transmitted via an antenna to the base station (not shown).

RF signals from the base station are frequency converted in the receiving unit 306, and converted into an audio signal in the demodulator/codec unit, and then, output from a speaker 309. A CPU (Central Processing Unit) 301 controls the entire operation of the telephone unit 300 including an input/output unit 302 having a liquid crystal display device and a keyboard. A memory 303 is information storage means including a RAM, ROM controlled by the CPU 301, and a control program of the telephone unit 300 and information such as a telephone directory are stored therein. As for an application of the piezoelectric oscillator according to the embodiments of the invention, for example, there is a TCXO (Temperature Compensated X'stal Oscillator) 305.

The TCXO 305 is a piezoelectric oscillator in which the frequency variation due to ambient temperature change is reduced, and is widely used in portable telephone units as a frequency reference source of the receiving unit 306 and the transmitting unit 307 in Fig. 11. Because the demand for miniaturization of the TCXO 305 becomes higher with the recent miniaturization of the portable telephone units, the miniaturization of the TCXO by the structure according to the embodiments of the invention is extremely effective.

As described above, using the piezoelectric oscillator 30, 70, 80, or 90 according to the above described embodiments for an electronic equipment such as the digital portable telephone unit 300 makes the size in the width direction smaller, which contributes to the entire miniaturization of the telephone unit 300.


Anspruch[de]
Piezoelektrischer Oszillator, aufweisend: ein Resonatorgehäuse (50), in dem ein piezoelektrisches Resonanzelement (51) untergebracht ist und das erste Anschlüsse (52, 55) aufweist, die auf seiner Rückseite vorgesehen sind, wobei die ersten Anschlüsse mit dem piezoelektrischen Resonanzelement (51) verbunden sind; und ein Halbleiterbauelement (40), das zweite Anschlüsse (42, 43) auf seiner einen Seite aufweist, wobei das Halbleiterbauelement (40) an der Rückseite des Resonatorgehäuses (50) befestigt ist und eine eingebaute Oszillatorschaltung aufweist, und innere Leiterabschnitte (61a, 62a, 63a, 64a) eines Leiterrahmens, die an der Rückseite (58) des Resonatorgehäuses (50) so befestigt sind, dass sie gegen die ersten Anschlüsse isoliert sind, wobei die ersten Anschlüsse mit entsprechenden Anschlüssen der zweiten Anschlüsse verbunden sind, und das Resonatorgehäuse (50) und das Halbleiterbauelement (40) mit Ausnahme eines äußeren Leiterabschnitts (61, 62, 63, 64) des Leiterrahmens, in Kunstharz eingegossen sind,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

das Halbleiterbauelement (40) an der Rückseite (58) des Resonatorgehäuses (50) befestigt ist, derart, dass die erwähnte eine Seite des Halbleiterbauelementes (40) von der Rückseite (58) des Resonatorgehäuses (50) weg weist; und

die ersten Anschlüsse (52, 55) mit den entsprechenden zweiten Anschlüssen (42, 43) mittels Drahtbonden verbunden sind, so dass sie mit der Oszillatorschaltung des Halbleiterbauelementes (40) verbunden sind.
Oszillator nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Flächeninhalt die Rückseite (58) des Resonatorgehäuses (50) größer ist als die Fläche des an der Rückseite (58) befestigten Halbleiterbauelementes (40), und die inneren Leiterabschnitte (61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a) an der Rückseite (58) in einem Flächenabschnitt außerhalb des Berührungsgebietes zwischen der Rückseite des Resonatorgehäuses (50) und dem Halbleiterbauelement (40) befestigt sind. Oszillator nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei dem die inneren Leiterabschnitte (61 a, 64a), die gegen die ersten Anschlüsse (52, 55) isoliert sind, so angeordnet sind, dass sie in der Draufsicht mit den ersten Anschlüssen (52, 55-1) nicht überlappen. Oszillator nach Anspruch 3, bei dem ein innerer Leiterabschnitt (61a, 64a) der inneren Leiterabschnitte (61a, 64a), die gegen die ersten Anschlüsse (52, 55) isoliert sind, neben einem Anschluss der ersten Anschlüsse angeordnet ist und einen diesem zugewandten Kerbenabschnitt aufweist, so dass der Abstand zwischen dem inneren Leiterabschnitt (61 a, 64a) und dem danebenliegend angeordneten ersten Anschluss (52, 55-1) vergrößert wird. Oszillator nach einem der Ansprüche 1, 2 oder 3, bei dem das Resonatorgehäuse (50) durch einen metallischen Deckelkörper (59) dicht eingeschlossen ist, und ein Anschluss (53), der mit dem Deckelkörper (59) leitend verbunden ist, auf der Rückseite (58) des Resonatorgehäuses (50) vorgesehen ist, und dieser Anschluss und ein innerer Leiterabschnitt (62a) des Leiterrahmens, der mit dem Halbleiterbauelement (40) verbunden ist, durch Berührung elektrisch verbunden und fixiert sind. Piezoelektrischer Oszillator nach Anspruch 5, bei dem der piezoelektrische Oszillator mit Ausnahme eines Gebietes am mittleren Teil des Deckelkörpers (59) des Resonatorgehäuses (50) in Kunstharz eingegossen ist.
Anspruch[en]
A piezoelectric oscillator, comprising: a resonator package (50) accommodating a piezoelectric resonating element (51) and having first terminals (52, 55) provided on a rear surface thereof, the first terminals being connected to the piezoelectric resonating element (51); and a semiconductor device (40) having second terminals (42, 43) on one surface thereof, wherein the semiconductor device (40) is fixed onto said rear surface of the resonator package (50) and has a built-in oscillating circuit, and inner lead portions (61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a) of a lead frame that are fixed to said rear surface (58) of the resonator package (50) so as to be insulated from the first terminals, wherein said first terminals are connected to corresponding ones of said second terminals, and the resonator package (50) and the semiconductor device (40) are resin molded except for an outer lead portion (61, 62, 63, 64) of the lead frame,

characterized in that

said semiconductor device (40) is fixed to said rear surface (58) of the resonator package (50) such that said one surface of the semiconductor device (40) faces away from said rear surface (58) of the resonator package (50); and

said first terminals (52, 55) are connected by wire-bonding to said corresponding second terminals (42, 43) to be connected to the oscillating circuit of the semiconductor device (40).
The oscillator according to Claim 1, wherein the rear surface (58) of the resonator package (50) has a larger area than the surface of the semiconductor device (40) fixed onto the rear surface (58), and the inner lead portions (61 a, 62a, 63a, 64a) are fixed to the rear surface (58) at a surface portion outside of the contact area between the rear surface of the resonator package (50) and the semiconductor device (40). The oscillator according to Claims 1 or 2, wherein said inner lead portions (61a, 64a) insulated from said first terminals (52, 55) are arranged so as not to overlap with the first terminals (52, 55-1) in plan view. The oscillator according to Claim 3, wherein an inner lead portion (69 a, 64a) of said inner lead portions (61 a, 64a) insulated from said first terminals (52, 55) is arranged juxtaposed to a terminal of said first terminals and has a notch portion facing that so as to increase the distance between the inner lead portion (61 a, 64a) and the juxtaposed first terminal (52, 55-1). The oscillator according to any one of Claims 1, 2 or 3, wherein the resonator package (50) is sealed by a metal lid body (59), and a terminal (53) conductively connected to the lid body (59) is provided on the rear surface (58) of the resonator package (50), and this terminal and an inner lead portion (62a) of the lead frame connected to the semiconductor device (40) are electrically coupled and fixed through contact with each other. The piezoelectric oscillator according to claim 5, wherein the piezoelectric oscillator is resin molded except for a region at the center part of the lid body (59) of the resonator package (50).
Anspruch[fr]
Oscillateur piézoélectrique, comprenant : un boîtier de résonateur (50) logeant un élément résonateur piézoélectrique (51) et sur une surface arrière duquel sont formées des premières bornes (52, 55), les premières bornes étant connectées à l'élément résonateur piézoélectrique (51) ; et un dispositif à semi-conducteur (40) sur une surface duquel sont formées des deuxièmes bornes (42, 43), le dispositif à semi-conducteur (40) étant fixé sur la surface arrière du boîtier de résonateur (50) et ayant un circuit oscillant intégré ; et des parties conductrices internes (61a, 62a, 63a, 64a) d'une grille de connexion, qui sont fixées à la surface arrière (58) du boîtier de résonateur (50) de façon à être isolées des premières bornes ; les premières bornes étant connectées à l'une correspondante des deuxièmes bornes, et le boîtier de résonateur (50) et le dispositif à semi-conducteur (40) étant moulés dans de la résine, à l'exception d'une partie conductrice externe (61, 62, 63, 64) de la grille de connexion, caractérisé en ce que

le dispositif à semi-conducteur (40) est fixé à la surface arrière (58) du boîtier de résonateur (50) de telle sorte que la surface mentionnée du dispositif à semi-conducteur (40) soit dirigée à l'opposé de la surface arrière (58) du boîtier de résonateur (50) ; et

les première bornes (52, 55) sont connectées aux deuxièmes bornes de correspondantes (42, 43) par soudage de fils, pour être connectées au circuit oscillateur du dispositif à semi-conducteur (40).
Oscillateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la surface arrière (58) du boîtier de résonateur (50) a une plus grande aire que la surface du dispositif à semi-conducteur (40) qui est fixée sur la surface arrière (58), et les parties conductrices internes (61a, 62a, 63a, 64a) sont fixées à la surface arrière (58) au niveau d'une partie de surface qui se trouve en dehors de la zone de contact entre la surface arrière du boîtier de résonateur (50) et le dispositif à semi-conducteur (40). Oscillateur selon les revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel les parties conductrices internes (61a, 64a) qui sont isolées des premières bornes (52, 55) sont disposées de façon à ne pas présenter de chevauchement avec les premières bornes (52, 55-1) dans une vue en plan. Oscillateur selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'une (61a, 64a) des parties conductrices internes (61a, 64a) qui sont isolées des premières bornes (52, 55) est juxtaposée à l'une des premières bornes, et présente une partie d'encoche dirigée vers cette borne, de façon à augmenter la distance entre la partie conductrice interne (61a, 64a) et la première borne juxtaposée (52, 55-1). Oscillateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel le boîtier de résonateur (50) est fermé de manière étanche par un corps formant couvercle métallique (59), et une borne (53) connectée de manière conductrice au corps formant couvercle (59) est formée sur la surface arrière (58) du boîtier de résonateur (50), cette borne et une partie conductrice interne (62a) de la grille de connexion, connectée au dispositif à semi-conducteur (40), étant électriquement couplées et étant fixées par le fait d'être en contact l'une avec l'autre. Oscillateur piézoélectrique selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'oscillateur piézoélectrique est moulé dans de la résine, à l'exception d'une région située au niveau de la partie centrale du corps formant couvercle (59) du boîtier de résonateur (50).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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