PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1565056 29.11.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001565056
Titel CYANOMETHYL-TRITHIOCARBONATE ALS NEMATIZIDE
Anmelder BASF AG, 67063 Ludwigshafen, DE
Erfinder KORDES, Markus, 67227 Frankenthal, DE;
VON DEYN, Wolfgang, 67435 Neustadt, DE;
HOFMANN, Michael, 67059 Ludwigshafen, DE;
SCHMIDT, Thomas, 67433 Neustadt, DE;
STEINER, Gerd, 67281 Kirchheim, DE;
TREACY, Michael F., Pennsylvania, PA 18940, US;
VAN TUYL COTTER, Henry, North Carolina, NC 27613, US;
CULBERTSON, Deborah, Pennsylvania, PA 18980, US;
SHIEH, Hong-Ming, Pennsylvania, PA 18940, US
DE-Aktenzeichen 60316982
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 21.11.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 037958378
WO-Anmeldetag 21.11.2003
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/EP03/13108
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2004047534
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 10.06.2004
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 24.08.2005
EP date of grant 17.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.11.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 47/06(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to the use of cyanomethyl trithiocarbonates of the general formula I: wherein R is C1-C8-alkyl, unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 radicals selected from the group consisting of halogen, amino, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkenyl, C1-C4-haloalkenyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, 5- to 10-membered hetaryl containing as ring members 1,2,3 or 4 heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulfur and nitrogen, and phenyl, wherein the heteroaryl and phenyl radicals may be substituted with any combination of 1 to 5 halogen atoms, 1 or 2 cyano groups, 1 or 2 nitro groups, 1 to 3 C1-C4-alkyl groups, 1 to 4 C1-C4-haloalkyl groups, 1 to 3 C1-C4-alkoxy groups or 1 to 3 C1-C4-haloalkoxy groups for the control of plant parasitic nematodes.

DD 11 045 discloses insecticidally and nematicidally active acyclic and cyclic trithiocarbonates. With regard to their nematicidal activity preference is given to cyclic trithiocarbonates.

Cyanomethyl trithiocarbonates are not disclosed therein.

Compounds of formula I wherein R is C1-C8-alkyl and their insecticidal and ovicidal activity have been described in US 4 215140 . Insect and arachnid ovicidal activity of some of the compounds of formula I has also been taught in US 4 197 311 . Neither US 4 215 140 nor US 4 197 311 mention a nematicidal activity of compounds of formula I.

US 2 676 129 teaches lower aliphatic di-substituted trithiocarbonates which carry saturated or unsaturated alkyl radicals at the sulfur atoms and having a total carbon content of from 3 to 9 carbon atoms. The compounds of US 2 676 129 have a nematicidal activity. However, cyanomethyl trithiocarbonates are not disclosed therein.

DE 12 22 045 B1 discloses a method for the preparation of insecticidally and nematicidally active alkyl S-chloromethyl dithiocarbonates or trithiocarbonates.

Cyanomethyl trithiocarbonates are not disclosed therein.

US 3 180 790 discloses the use of dialkyl trithiocarbonates as nematicides.

Cyanomethyl trithiocarbonates are not disclosed therein.

In spite of the commercial nematicides available today, damage to crops caused by nematodes still occurs. Therefore, there is continuing need to develop new and more effective nematicidal agents.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide new nematicidal compositions and new methods for the control of plant parasitic nematodes and for protecting growing plants from attack or infestation by nematodes.

The inventors of the present invention have surprisingly found that these objects are achieved by cyanomethyl trithiocarbonate compounds of formula I and compositions comprising compounds of formula I.

The present invention thus provides a method for the control of plant parasitic nematodes by contacting a nematode or its food supply, habitat or breeding ground with a nematicidally effective amount of compounds of formula I or of compositions comprising them.

Moreover, the present invention also relates to a method of protecting growing plants from attack or infestation by nematodes by applying to the plants or the soil or water in which they are growing, a nematicidally effective amount of compounds of formula I or of compositions comprising them.

The compounds of formula I wherein R is C1-C8-alkyl are known from US 4 215 140 and can be prepared as described therein. Moreover, all the compounds of formula I can be prepared following the procedures described in US 4 215 140 and US 4 197 311 .

In the definitions of the symbols given in the above formula, collective terms were used which generally represent the following substituents:

  • Halogen: fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.
  • Alkyl: straight-chain or branched saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, e.g. C1-C6-alkyl such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, 1-methylethyl, butyl, 1-methylpropyl, 2-methylpropyl, 1,1-dimethylethyl, pentyl, 1-methylbutyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-ethylpropyl, hexyl, 1,1-dimethylpropyl, 1,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyl, 4-methylpentyl, 1,1-dimethylbutyl, 1,2-dimethylbutyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 2,3-dimethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 1-ethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 1,1,2-trimethylpropyl, 1,2,2-trimethylpropyl, 1-ethyl-1-methylpropyl and 1-ethyl-2-methylpropyl.
  • Alkenyl: straight-chain or branched unsaturated hydrocarbon group having 2 to 4 carbon atoms and a double bond in any position, such as ethenyl, 1-propenyl, 2-propenyl, 1-methyl-ethenyl, 1-butenyl, 2-butenyl, 3-butenyl, 1-methyl-1-propenyl, 2-methyl-1-propenyl, 1-methyl-2-propenyl, and 2-methyl-2-propenyl.
  • Halogenalkenyl: straight-chain or branched alkenyl groups having 2 to 4 carbon atoms (as mentioned above), where some or all of the hydrogen atoms in these groups may be replaced by halogen atoms as mentioned above.
  • Heteroaryl: a 5- to 10-membered heteroaromatic ring system containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from oxygen, sulfur and nitrogen, e.g. 5-membered hetaryl, containing 1 to 4 nitrogen atoms or 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms and 1 sulfur or oxygen atom, e.g. furyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyrazolyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, imidazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, triazolyl, and tetrazolyl; or 5-membered hetaryl, containing 1 to 4 nitrogen atoms or 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms and 1 sulfur or oxygen atom, In which two adjacent ring carbon atoms or one nitrogen atom and an adjacent carbon atom can be bridged by buta-1,3-dien-1,4-diyl; or 6-membered hetaryl, containing 1 to 4 nitrogen atoms or 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms and 1 sulfur or oxygen atom, e.g. 2-pyridinyl, 3-pyridinyl, 4-pyridinyl, 3-pyridazinyl, 4-pyridazinyl, 2-pyrimidinyl, 4-pyrimidinyl, 5-pyrimidinyl, 2-pyrazinyl, 1,3,5-triazin-2-yl and 1,2,4-triazin-3-yl;

With respect to the intended use of the compounds of formula I, preference is given to compounds of the formula I wherein R is C1-C4-alkyl, such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, n-butyl, 1-methylpropyl, 2-methylpropyl, and tert.-butyl.

Furthermore, preference is given to compounds of the formula I wherein R is phenylethyl, benzyl, 4-chloro-benzyl, 4-fluoro-benzyl or 4-C1-C3-alkyl-benzyl.

Moreover, preference is given to the compound I wherein R is 2-furylmethyl.

Particular preference is given to the compound I wherein R is n-butyl.

The compounds of the formula I and compositions containing at least one compound of the formula I are useful for the control of plant parasitic nematodes such as root knot nematodes, Meloidogyne hapla, Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, and other Meloidogyne species; cyst-forming nematodes, Globodera rostochiensis and other Globodera species; Heterodera avenae, Heterodera glycines, Heterodera schachtii, Heterodera trifolii, and other Heterodera species; Seed gall nematodes, Anguina species; Stem and foliar nematodes, Aphelenchoides species; Sting nematodes, Belonolaimus longicaudatus and other Belonolaimus species; Pine nematodes, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and other Bursaphelenchus species; Ring nematodes, Criconema species, Criconemella species, Criconemoides species, Mesocriconema species; Stem and bulb nematodes, Ditylenchus destructor, Ditylenchus dipsaci and other Ditylenchus species; Awl nematodes, Dolichodorus species; Spiral nematodes, Heliocotylenchus multicinctus and other Helicotylenchus species; Sheath and sheathoid nematodes, Hemicycliophora species and Hemicriconemoides species; Hirshmanniella species; Lance nematodes, Hoploaimus species; false rootknot nematodes, Nacobbus species; Needle nematodes, Longidorus elongatus and other Longidorus species; Lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus neglectus, Pratylenchus penetrans, Pratylenchus curvitatus, Pratylenchus goodeyi and other Pratylenchus species; Burrowing nematodes, Radopholus similis and other Radopholus species; Reniform nematodes, Rotylenchus robustus and other Rotylenchus species; Scutellonema species; Stubby root nematodes, Trichodorus primitivus and other Trichodorus species, Paratrichodorus species; Stunt nematodes, Tylenchorhynchus claytoni, Tylenchorhynchus dubius and other Tylenchorhynchus species; Citrus nematodes, Tylenchulus species; Dagger nematodes, Xiphinema species; and other plant parasitic nematode species.

The compounds of formula I and compositions comprising them are especially useful for the control of Meloidogyne species, Globodera species, Heterodera species, Pratylenchus species, Radopholus species, Rotylenchus species, and Tylenchulus species. Most preferably, they are used for combating Meloidogyne species, Globodera species, and Heterodera species.

In practice generally about 0.1 ppm to about 10,000 ppm and preferably about 1 ppm to about 5,000 ppm of a composition or compound of formula 1, dispersed in water or another liquid carrier, is effective when applied to plants or the soil or water in which the plants are growing or are to be grown to protect the plants from nematode infestation.

The compositions and compounds of the formula I and agricultural compositions containing at least one compound I are also effective for controlling nematode pests when applied to the pests or to their food supply, habitat or breeding ground or for protecting plants from attack or infestation by the nematodes when applied to the foliage, stem or roots of the plants and/or to the soil or water in which said plants are growing or are to be grown in sufficient amount to provide a rate of about 0.01 kg/ha to 100 kg/ha, preferably from about 0.1 to about 3.0 kg/ha, of active ingredient.

While the compositions and compounds of formula I are effective for controlling nematode pests of agronomic crops when employed alone, they may also be used in combination with other biological agents used in agriculture, including other nematicides, insecticides and/or acaricides. Mixing the compounds I or the compositions comprising them in the use form as pesticides with other pesticides frequently results in a broader pesticidal spectrum of action. For example, the formula I compounds of this invention may be used effectively in conjunction or combination with pyrethroids, phosphates, carbamates, cyclodienes, formamidines, phenol tin compounds, chlorinated hydrocarbons, benzoylphenyl ureas, pyrroles and the like. The following list of pesticides together with which the compounds according to the invention can be used, is intended to illustrate the possible combinations by way of example.

  • Organophosphates: Acephate, Azinphos-methyl, Chlorpyrifos, Chlorfenvinphos, Diazinon, Dichlorvos, Dicrotophos, Dimethoate, Disulfoton, Ethion, Fenitrothion, Fenthion, Isoxathion, Malathion, Methamidophos, Methidathion, Methyl-Parathion, Mevinphos, Monocrotophos, Oxydemeton-methyl, Paraoxon, Parathion, Phenthoate, Phosalone, Phosmet, Phosphamidon, Phorate, Phoxim, Pirimiphos-methyl, Profenofos, Prothiofos, Sulprophos, Triazophos, Trichlorfon;
  • Carbamates: Alanycarb, Benfuracarb, Carbaryl, Carbosulfan, Fenoxycarb, Furathiocarb, Indoxacarb, Methiocarb, Methomyl, Oxamyl, Pirimicarb, Propoxur, Thiodicarb, Triazamate;
  • Pyrethroids: Bifenthrin, Cyfluthrin, Cypermethrin, Deltamethrin, Esfenvalerate, Ethofenprox, Fenpropathrin, Fenvalerate, Cyhalothrin, Lambda-Cyhalothrin, Permethrin, Silafluofen, Tau-Fluvalinate, Tefluthrin, Tralomethrin, Zeta-Cypermethrin;
  • Arthropod growth regulators: a) chitin synthesis inhibitors: benzoylureas: Chlorfluazuron, Diflubenzuron, Flucycloxuron, Flufenoxuron, Hexaflumuron, Lufenuron, Novaluron, Teflubenzuron, Triflumuron; Buprofezin, Diofenolan, Hexythiazox, Etoxazole, Clofentazine; b) ecdysone antagonists: Halofenozide, Methoxyfenozide, Tebufenozide; c) juvenoids: Pyriproxyfen, Methoprene, Fenoxycarb; d) lipid biosynthesis inhibitors: Spirodiclofen ;
  • Various: Abamectin, Acequinocyl, Amitraz, Azadirachtin, Bifenazate, Cartap, Chlorfenapyr, Chlordimeform, Cyromazine, Diafenthiuron, Dinetofuran, Diofenolan, Emamectin, Endosulfan, Endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), Fenazaquin, Fipronil, Formetanate, Formetanate Hydrochloride, Hydramethylnon, Imidacloprid, Indoxacarb, Pyridaben, Pymetrozine, Spinosad, Sulfur, Tebufenpyrad, Thiamethoxam, and Thiocyclam.

The compounds of formula I and compositions comprising them can favorably be used for the simultaneous control of insect and nematode pests.

The compounds I can be converted into the customary formulations, e.g. solutions, emulsions, microemulsions, suspensions, flowable concentrates, dusts, powders, pastes and granules. The use form depends on the particular purpose; in any case, it should guarantee a fine and uniform distribution of the compound according to the invention.

The formulations are prepared in a known manner, e.g. by extending the active ingredient with solvents and/or carriers, if desired using emulsifiers and dispersants, it also being possible to use other organic solvents as auxiliary solvents if water is used as the diluent. Auxiliaries which are suitable are essentially: solvents such as aromatics (e.g. xylene), chlorinated aromatics (e.g. chlorobenzenes), paraffins (e.g. mineral oil fractions), alcohols (e.g. methanol, butanol), ketones (e.g. cyclohexanone), amines (e.g. ethanolamine, dimethylformamide) and water, carriers such as ground natural minerals (e.g. kaolins, clays, talc, chalk) and ground synthetic minerals (e.g. highly-disperse silica, silicates); emulsifiers such as non-ionic and anionic emulsifiers (e.g. polyoxyethylene fatty alcohol ethers, alkylsulfonates and arylsulfonates) and dispersants such as lignin-sulfite waste liquors and methylcellulose.

Suitable surfactants are alkali metal, alkaline earth metal and ammonium salts of lignosulfonic acid, naphthalenesulfonic acid, phenolsulfonic acid, dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, alkylarylsulfonates, alkyl sulfates, alkylsulfonates, fatty alcohol sulfates and fatty acids and their alkali metal and alkaline earth metal salts, salts of sulfated fatty alcohol glycol ether, condensates of sulfonated naphthalene and naphthalene derivatives with formaldehyde, condensates of naphthalene or of napthalenesulfonic acid with phenol or formaldehyde, polyoxyethylene octylphenyl ether, ethoxylated isooctylphenol, octylphenol, nonylphenol, alkylphenol polyglycol ethers, tributylphenyl polyglycol ethers, alkylaryl polyether alcohols, isotridecyl alcohol, fatty alcohol/ethylene oxide condensates, ethoxylated castor oil, polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, ethoxylated polyoxypropylene, lauryl alcohol polyglycol ether acetal, sorbitol esters, lignin-sulfite waste liquors and methylcellulose.

Substances which are suitable for the preparation of directly sprayable solutions, emulsions, pastes or oil dispersions are mineral oil fractions of medium to high boiling point, such as kerosene or diesel oil, furthermore coal tar oils and oils of vegetable or animal origin, aliphatic, cyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons, e.g. benzene, toluene, xylene, paraffin, tetrahydronaphthalene, alkylated naphthalenes or their derivatives, methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, cyclohexanol, cyclohexanone, chlorobenzene, isophorone, strongly polar solvents, e.g. dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, N-methylpyrrolidone and water.

Powders, materials for scattering and dusts can be prepared by mixing or concomitantly grinding the active substances with a solid carrier.

Granules, e.g. coated granules, compacted granules, impregnated granules and homogeneous granules, can be prepared by binding the active Ingredients to solid carriers. Examples of solid carriers are mineral earths, such as silicas, silica gels, silicates, talc, kaolin, attaclay, limestone, lime, chalk, bole, loess, clay, dolomite, diatomaceous earth, calcium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, magnesium oxide, ground synthetic materials, fertilizers, e.g. ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, ammonium nitrate, ureas, and products of vegetable origin, such as cereal meal, tree bark meal, wood meal and nutshell meal, cellulose powders and other solid carriers.

Such formulations or compositions of the present invention include a formula I compound of this invention (or combinations thereof) admixed with one or more agronomically acceptable inert, solid or liquid carriers. Those compositions contain a pesticidally effective amount of said compound or compounds, which amount may vary depending upon the particular compound, target pest, and method of use.

In general, the formulations comprise of from 0.01 to 95% by weight, preferably from 0.1 to 90% by weight, of the active ingredient. The active ingredients are employed in a purity of from 90% to 100%, preferably 95% to 100% (according to NMR spectrum).

The following are exemplary formulations:

  1. I. 5 parts by weight of a compound according to the invention are mixed intimately with 95 parts by weight of finely divided kaolin. This gives a dust which comprises 5% by weight of the active ingredient.
  2. II. 30 parts by weight of a compound according to the invention are mixed intimately with a mixture of 92 parts by weight of pulverulent silica gel and 8 parts by weight of paraffin oil which had been sprayed onto the surface of this silica gel. This gives a formulation of the active ingredient with good adhesion properties (comprises 23% by weight of active ingredient).
  3. III. 10 parts by weight of a compound according to the invention are dissolved in a mixture composed of 90 parts by weight of xylene, 6 parts by weight of the adduct of 8 to 10 mol of ethylene oxide and 1 mol of oleic acid N-monoethanolamide, 2 parts by weight of calcium dodecylbenzenesulfonate and 2 parts by weight of the adduct of 40 mol of ethylene oxide and 1 mol of castor oil (comprises 9% by weight of active ingredient).
  4. IV. 20 parts by weight of a compound according to the invention are dissolved in a mixture composed of 60 parts by weight of cyclohexanone, 30 parts by weight of isobutanol, 5 parts by weight of the adduct of 7 mol of ethylene oxide and 1 mol of isooctylphenol and 5 parts by weight of the adduct of 40 mol of ethylene oxide and 1 mol of castor oil (comprises 16% by weight of active ingredient).
  5. V.80 parts by weight of a compound according to the invention are mixed thoroughly with 3 parts by weight of sodium diisobutylnaphthalene-alpha-sulfonate, 10 parts by weight of the sodium salt of a lignosulfonic acid from a sulfite waste liquor and 7 parts by weight of pulverulent silica gel, and the mixture is ground in a hammer mill (comprises 80% by weight of active ingredient).
  6. VI. 90 parts by weight of a compound according to the invention are mixed with 10 parts by weight of N-methyl-a-pyrrolidone, which gives a solution which is suitable for use in the form of microdrops (comprises 90% by weight of active ingredient).
  7. VII. 20 parts by weight of a compound according to the invention are dissolved in a mixture composed of 40 parts by weight of cyclohexanone, 30 parts by weight of isobutanol, 20 parts by weight of the adduct of 7 mol of ethylene oxide and 1 mol of isooctylphenol and 10 parts by weight of the adduct of 40 mol of ethylene oxide and 1 mol of castor oil. Pouring the solution into 100,000 parts by weight of water and finely distributing it therein gives an aqueous dispersion which comprises 0.02% by weight of the active ingredient
  8. VIII. 20 parts by weight of a compound according to the invention are mixed thoroughly with 3 parts by weight of sodium diisobutylnaphthalene-a-sulfonate, 17 parts by weight of the sodium salt of a lignosulfonic acid from a sulfite waste liquor and 60 parts by weight of pulverulent silica gel, and the mixture is ground in a hammer mill. Finely distributing the mixture in 20,000 parts by weight of water gives a spray mixture which comprises 0.1 % by weight of the active ingredient.

The active ingredients can be used as such, in the form of their formulations or the use forms prepared therefrom, e.g. in the form of directly sprayable solutions, powders, suspensions or dispersions, emulsions, oil dispersions, pastes, dusts, materials for spreading, or granules, by means of spraying, atomizing, dusting, scattering or pouring. The use forms depend entirely on the intended purposes; in any case, this is intended to guarantee the finest possible distribution of the active ingredients according to the invention.

Aqueous use forms can be prepared from emulsion concentrates, pastes or wettable powders (sprayable powders, oil dispersions) by adding water. To prepare emulsions, pastes or oil dispersions, the substances as such or dissolved in an oil or solvent, can be homogenized in water by means of wetter, tackifier, dispersant or emulsifier. Alternatively, it is possible to prepare concentrates composed of active substance, wetter, tackifier, dispersant or emulsifier and, if appropriate, solvent or oil, and such concentrates are suitable for dilution with water.

The active ingredient concentrations in the ready-to-use products can be varied within substantial ranges. In general, they are from 0.0001 to 10%, preferably from 0.01 to 1%.

The active ingredients may also be used successfully in the ultra-low-volume process (ULV), it being possible to apply formulations comprising over 95% by weight of active ingredient, or even the active ingredient without additives. Various types of oils, herbicides, fungicides, other pesticides, or bactericides may be added to the active ingredients, if appropriate also only immediately prior to use (tank mix). These agents can be admixed with the agents according to the invention in a weight ratio of 1:10 to 10:1.

Examples of action against plant parasitic nematodes

The action of the compounds of formula I against plant parasitic nematodes for example is demonstrated for the compounds of table 1. Table 1 Compound No. R I-1 (CH2)3CH3 I-2 CH2-C6H5 I-3 CH2-(4-Cl-C6H4) I-4 CH2-(4-CH3-C6H4) I-5 (CH2)2-C6H5

Nematicidal evaluation Test Procedures for root-knot nematode solution assay (Meloidogyne incognita):

To microtiter plates containing about 1.0 mg of compound, 80:20 acetone was added to each well and the solution was mixed to obtain the desired compound concentration. The aqueous nematode suspension containing 20 to 50 Meloidogyne incognita J2 larvae per 50 ml was added to each plate. The plates were then sealed and they were placed in an incubator at 27°C and about 50% relative humidity. After 72 hours, the population mortality was read, whereby immobility of nematodes was regarded as mortality.

In this test, compound I.1 at 150 ppm showed 100 % mortality compared to untreated controls.

Test Procedures for soybean cyst nematode solution assay (Heterodera glycine):

To microtiter plates containing about 150 mg of compound, 80:20 acetone was added to each well and the solution was mixed to obtain the desired compound concentration. The nematode suspension of J2 Heterodera glycines larvae was added to the plate. The plates were then sealed and placed in an incubator at 27°C and about 50% relative humidity. After 72 hours, the population mortality was read, whereby immobility of nematodes was regarded as mortality.

Soil nematicide assay targeting root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, and soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines

The active ingredients were formulated by adding an appropriate amount (by weight) to an appropriate volume of acetone then adding 0.05% Tween® 20 (polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaureate) in water for a final acetone concentration of 5% to achieve the desired concentration of active ingredient Dilutions were performed using the same carrier (5% acetone, 0.05% Tween® 20 in water).

Seedlings of soybean (cultivar Hutcheson) and seedlings of tomato (cultivar Bonny Best) were transplanted into individual planting cells containing a 1:1 mixture of sandy loam and coarse sand and kept in the greenhouse with bottom watering for one week. Then the preparation of the active ingredient was drenched on the soil surface to achieve known rates expressed as kg active ingredient per hectare soil surface (kg/ha). Later the same day aqueous suspensions of J2 nematode larvae, Heterodera glycines in the case of soybeans and Meloidogyne incognita in the case of tomatoes, were drenched on the soil surface. Plants were kept 1 day in a moist infection chamber at 26°C and then maintained in the greenhouse with bottom watering until harvested for evaluation.

In the case of soybean cyst nematode on soybeans, plants were harvested 4 weeks after treatment and inoculation. Soil and roots were washed over a set of sieves to capture the nematode cysts which were then counted for each root system. Disease control efficacy against soybean cyst nematode was determined by calculating per cent reduction in the number of cysts comparing the median number of cysts on the treated plants to the median number of cysts on inoculated soybean plants treated with the 5% acetone, 0.05% Tween® 20 carrier.

In the case of root knot nematode on tomatoes, plants were harvested 2 weeks after treatment and inoculation. The soil was washed off of the roots and the number of root knot galls on each root system was counted. Disease control efficacy against tomato root knot was determined by calculating per cent reduction in root knot galling comparing the median number of galls on the treated plants to the median number of galls on inoculated tomato plants treated with the 5% acetone, 0.05% Tween® 20 carrier.

Treatments were replicated 3 times for each disease.

In this experiment, tomato plants that had been treated with 2.5 kg/ha of compounds I-2, I-3, I-4 and I-5 provided 100% reduction of root knot galling.

Soybeans plants that had been treated with 10 kg/ha of compounds 1-2 and I-3 provided over 75% reduction of cysts.


Anspruch[de]
Verwendung einer Verbindung der Formel 1: worin R für C1-C8-Alkyl steht, das unsubstituiert oder mit 1, 2 oder 3 Resten aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Amino, Nitro, Cyano, C1-C4-Alkenyl, C1-C4-Haloalkenyl, C1-C4-Alkoxy, C1-C4-Haloalkoxy, C1-C4-Alkylthio, 5- bis 10-gliedriges Heteroaryl, welches 1, 2, 3 oder 4 unter Sauerstoff, Schwefel und Stickstoff ausgewählte Heteroatome als Ringglieder enthält, und Phenyl substituiert ist, wobei die Heteroaryl- und Phenylreste mit einer beliebigen Kombination von 1 bis 5 Halogenatomen, 1 oder 2 Cyanogruppen, 1 oder 2 Nitrogruppen, 1 bis 3 C1-C4-Alkylgruppen, 1 bis 4 C1-C4-Haloalkylgruppen, 1 bis 3 C1-C4-Alkoxygruppen oder 1 bis 3 C1-C4-Haloalkoxygruppen substituiert sein können, zur Bekämpfung pflanzenparasitärer Nematoden. Verwendung von Verbindungen der Formel I gemäß Anspruch 1, worin R für C1-C4-Alkyl steht. Verwendung von Verbindungen der Formel I gemäß den Ansprüchen 1 oder 2, worin R für n-Butyl steht. Verwendung von Verbindungen der Formel I gemäß den Ansprüchen 1 bis 3, wobei die Nematoden ausgewählt sind unter Meloidogyne-, Heterodera- und Globodera-Spezies. Verfahren zur Kontrolle pflanzenparasitärer Nematoden, umfassend das In-Kontakt-Bringen der Nematoden, ihrer Nahrungsquelle, ihres Lebens- oder Brutraums mit einer Nematizid-wirksamen Menge einer Verbindung der Formel I, wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3 definiert. Verfahren zum Schutz von Pflanzen vor einer Schädigung oder einem Befall durch Nematoden, umfassend die Behandlung der Pflanzen, des Erdreichs oder des Wassers, in welchem sie wachsen, mit einer Nematizid-wirksamen Menge einer Verbindung der Formel I, wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3 definiert. Verfahren gemäß den Ansprüchen 5 oder 6, wobei die Nematoden ausgewählt sind unter Meloidogyne-, Heterodera- und Globodera-Spezies.
Anspruch[en]
Use of compounds of formula I: wherein R is C1-C8-alkyl, unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 radicals selected from the group consisting of halogen, amino, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkenyl, C1-C4-haloalkenyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy. C1-C4-alkylthio, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl containing as ring members 1, 2, 3 or 4 heteroatoms selected from oxygen, sulfur and nitrogen, and phenyl, wherein the heteroaryl and phenyl radicals may be substituted with any combination of 1 to 5 halogen atoms, 1 or 2 cyano groups, 1 or 2 nitro groups, 1 to 3 C1-C4-alkyl groups, 1 to 4 C1-C4-haloalkyl groups, 1 to 3 C1-C4-alkoxy groups or 1 to 3 C1-C4-haloalkoxy groups for the control of plant parasitic nematodes. Use of compounds of formula I according to claim 1 wherein R is C1-C4-alkyl. Use of compounds of formula I according to claims 1 or 2 wherein R is n-butyl. Use of compounds of formula I according to claims 1 to 3 wherein the nematodes are selected from the Meloidogyne, Heterodera and Globodera species. A method for the control of plant parasitic nematodes which comprises contacting the nematodes or their food supply, habitat or breeding ground with a nematicidally effective amount of compounds of formula I as defined in claims 1 to 3. A method for the protection of plants from infestation or attack by nematodes which comprises applying to the plants or to the soil or the water in which they are growing a nematicidally effective amount of compounds of formula I as defined in claims 1 to 3. A method according to claims 5 or 6 wherein the nematodes are selected from the Meloidogyne, Heterodera and Globodera species.
Anspruch[fr]
Utilisation de composés de formule I : dans laquelle R représente alkyle C1-C8, non substitué ou substitué avec 1, 2 ou 3 radicaux choisis dans le groupe comprenant halogène, amino, nitro, cyano, alcényle C1-C4, halogénoalcényle C1-C4, alcoxy C1-C4, halogénoalcoxy C1-C4, alkylthio C1-C4, hétéroaryle ayant de 5 à 10 éléments et contenant en tant qu'éléments de cycle 1, 2, 3 ou 4 hétéroatomes choisis parmi oxygène, soufre et azote, et phényle, les radicaux hétéroaryle et phényle pouvant être substitués par toute combinaison de 1 à 5 atomes d'halogène, 1 ou 2 groupements cyano, 1 ou 2 groupements nitro, 1 à 3 groupements alkyle C1-C4, 1 à 4 groupements halogénoalkyles C1-C4, 1 à 3 groupements alcoxy C1-C4 ou 1 à 3 groupements halogénoalcoxy C1-C4, pour le contrôle des nématodes parasites des plantes. Utilisation de composés de formule I selon la revendication 1 dans laquelle R représente un alkyle C1-C4. Utilisation de composés de formule I selon les revendications 1 ou 2 dans laquelle R représente n-butyle. Utilisation de composés de formule I selon les revendications 1 à 3 dans laquelle les nématodes sont choisis parmi les espèces Meloidogyne, Heterodera et Globodera. Procédé de contrôle des nématodes parasites des plantes qui comprend la mise en contact des nématodes ou de leur apport nutritif, leur habitat ou leur zone de reproduction avec une quantité efficace d'un point de vue nématicide de composés de formule I tels que définis dans les revendications 1 à 3. Procédé de protection des plantes contre l'infestation ou l'attaque par des nématodes qui comprend l'application sur les plantes, ou le sol ou l'eau dans lesquels elles poussent d'une quantité efficace d'un point de vue nématicide de composés de formule I tels que définis dans les revendications 1 à 3. Procédé selon les revendications 5 ou 6 dans laquelle les nématodes sont choisis parmi les espèces Meloidogyne, Heterodera et Globodera.






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