The invention relates to an axial fan comprising a boss
and a number of blades evenly distributed and arranged to the boss, wherein the
blades have an aerofoil profile. Such fans have a diameter of typically 5 meters.
To guide the airflow such fans are placed in a ring which has preferably a bell
Such fans are commonly known and the market is highly competitive.
Even a small reduction in costs for the fan can provide an increase in market share.
The commonly known fans have a high number of parts and
some of these parts have high manufacturing costs.
In figure 1 a fan according to the prior art is shown in
exploded view. Such a fan comprises a boss 1 onto which a mounting plate 2 is arranged.
The connection of the mounting plate 2 with the boss 1 is made by six bolts 3, washers
4 and bushings 5. Each blade 6 having an aerofoil profile is mounted onto the mounting
plate 2. In order to make this connection a cast metal block 7 is bolted to the
mounting plate 2 with bolts 8 and washers 9. This cast metal block 7 comprises an
elastic insert 10 to dampen vibrations. In this elastic insert 10 a hole is provided
through which bolt 11 runs and with which fork 12 is connected. A metal tube 13
is then locked onto the fork 12 with plate 14 threaded ends 15, washers 16 and nuts
The tube 13 protrudes into the hollow blade 6 and is connected
thereto by bolts 18, washers 19 and nuts 20. The hollow blade 6 is closed off by
end caps 21 and 22.
Finally to avoid an airflow through the center of the fan
a cover plate 23 can be arranged at the cast metal blocks 7.
As is clear from the prior art fan according to figure
1 a plurality of parts is necessary to assemble a fan. It is therefore an object
of the invention to provide an axial fan with less parts and consequently with reduced
This object is achieved by an axial fan according to the
invention, which is characterized in that each blade is arranged to the boss with
a substantially L-shaped strip.
This L-shaped strip provides the vibration damping, which
is achieved by the rubber in the cast metal block 7 of a device according to the
prior art. Furthermore, the manufacturing costs of bending a strip into an L-shaped
is far less than manufacturing a cast metal block 7 and a corresponding fork 12.
In a preferred embodiment the boss is substantially cylindrical
and the short leg of the L-shaped strip is concave and adapted to the circumferential
wall of the boss. Accordingly the L-shaped strip can be directly mounted onto the
boss avoiding the need of a special mounting plate.
In another embodiment of the axial fan according to the
invention a mounting plate having a flat mounting surface is provided for each blade
on the boss and the short leg of the L-shaped strip is mounted on the flat mounting
surface. Although an additional mounting plate has to be provided, it avoids the
need to make the short leg of the L-shaped strip concave. The necessary mounting
surface is a small plate having a concave surface and an opposite flat surface.
Depending on the manufacturing costs, either the embodiment with the mounting plate
can be chosen or the embodiment with the short leg being concave.
In just another embodiment of the axial fan according to
the invention each blade is hollow and the long leg of the L-shaped strip is at
least partially inserted into the blade. This furthermore prevents the need for
the additional tube 13 with plate 14 and corresponding mounting parts.
Preferably a filler element is inserted into the hollow
blade and at least one fastener runs from the surface of the plate through a corresponding
opening in the L-shaped strip to the opposite surface of the blade. This filler
element can be a very simple part, for example a cylinder, as the filler element
only needs to resist the tightening forces of the fastener running through the blade
and the L-shaped strip.
In yet another preferred embodiment of the axial fan according
to the invention the corresponding opening in the L-shaped strip is a slot, such
that the pitch of the blade is adjustable. The slot could also be provided in the
blade for adjustment of the pitch. The legs of the L-shaped strip could be flat
or concave. Furthermore, the axial fan may comprise a ring shaped housing coaxially
arranged to the boss. This ring shaped housing will guide the air propelled by the
blades of the fan.
These and other advantages of the invention will be elucidated
in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Figure 1 is an exploded view of an axial fan according
to the prior art.
Figure 2 shows an embodiment of the axial fan according
to the invention in exploded view.
In figure 2 an axial fan 30 according to the invention
is shown. This axial fan 30 has a boss 31 onto which the blades 32 are mounted.
The L-shaped strip 33 has a short leg 34, which is concave and directly bolted onto
the cylindrical outer surface of the boss 31 with bolts 35 and washers 36. The long
leg 37 of the L-shaped strip 33 is partially bent and provided with slot openings
38. This bent part of the long leg 37 is inserted into the hollow blade 32. It is
also possible to mount the long leg of the L-shaped strip on the outside of the
blade. A filler element 47 is also inserted into the blade 32, after which bolts
39 are inserted attaching the L-shaped strip 33, the filler element 47 and the blade
32 to each other. The bolts 39 are tightened by nuts 40 and washers 41.
The hollow blade 32 is closed off by end caps 42 and 43.
Finally a closing plate 44 can be attached to the boss
31 by bolts 45 and washers 46. This closing plate 44 prevents an air flow through
the center of the axial fan.
When comparing the embodiment of figure 2 with the prior
art embodiment of figure 1 it is directly clear that the invention provides a more
simple embodiment, reducing the manufacturing costs. Also the embodiment according
to the invention does not use parts, which are difficult to manufacture, such as
cast, forged or machined metal blocks.