The invention relates to a system and method for communications
in automated protection of a building environment.
The present embodiments relate to automated protection
systems, and particularly to remote servicing, monitoring and/or control of building
fire and security systems.
Fire and security protection systems include distributed
components that together form an automated system for monitoring for and protecting
against hazards within a building or facility. The system automatically detects
and reports hazards, such as a fire, smoke, combustion, or an intrusion. The system
may report a hazard by sounding an alarm and/or notifying an agent, such as a local
fire protection organization. The system may trigger an appropriate corrective action,
such as activating a deluge and/or extinguishing system. Similarly, the system may
identify a hazard in response to the tripping of an extinguishing or deluge system.
The system may be integrated with other building systems that manage heating, ventilation,
air conditioning (HVAC), environmental air quality, or other controlled applications
for a building or facility. These other building systems may perform building protection
functions so may also be building protection systems.
Components of a fire and security protection system include
sensors, heat detectors, smoke detectors, CO detectors, CO2 detectors,
motion detectors, alarms, sirens, annunciators, power supplies, displays, monitors,
control panels, air samplers, extinguishers, valves, actuators, call switches and/or
other devices used for detecting hazards within a building. Components monitor environmental
conditions to detect hazardous conditions, provide user access points, monitor status
of detectors, and/or provide security monitoring for the building or portions of
a building. The system components may communicate through wired and/or wireless
Tools are used to configure and/or verify a configuration
of the fire protection system (i.e., commission), diagnostic testing, servicing
and troubleshooting the system. Tools may be used for periodic and/or annual testing
or performance verification of the system. The tools include a user interface for
indicating alarm, trouble, supervisory or security triggers. Acknowledgement, silencing,
reset or other functions may be controlled by a tool. The tools are hardwired to
a dedicated access point within a building, such as a control panel. Where the control
panel is at a different location in the building than a component being tested or
controlled, multiple technicians or extra time may be needed to verify operation.
For example, one technician operates the tools while another technician uses a two-way
radio to communicate by voice any resulting actions at the remote component. Servicing,
troubleshooting and monitoring of the fire protection system may be labor-intensive.
Building protection systems may be regulated by local government
Frequently, testing or commissioning reports must be submitted as part of the regulations.
The tools may be accessed by a communications port, such as RJ12 port, for connection
with a laptop computer. The data generated by the tools is output to the laptop.
The laptop includes a report generation tool. The laptop is then connected with
a printer to output the report. However, the laptop adds undesired bulk and weight
for a technician, and porting the laptop to a printer location may be time consuming.
By way of introduction, the embodiments described below
include methods, processes, apparatuses, computer readable media, and systems for
communicating and/or reporting in automated protection systems. Automated protection
systems include fire protection systems, automated security systems and/or integrated
systems having automated fire and/or security protection capabilities (collectively
and/or individually "protection systems").
A communication module communicates between the tools or
control panel and the technician. A communications module connects to or by the
control panel or other controller of the protection system. The communications module
wirelessly communicates with a service tool, such as a personal data assistant.
The technician may control the protection system with the service tool from a remote
location, such as a location at a monitoring device or other component being tested.
The communications module may be taken with the technician when testing is complete
or left in the building for later use. The communications module is provided as
part of the protection system or is added at a later time to an existing system.
In a first aspect, a system is provided for communications
in automated protection of a building environment. A protection system for a building
has one or more monitoring devices. A communications module connects with the protection
system and is operable to communicate wirelessly with a portable service tool.
In a second aspect, a system is provided for communications
in automated protection of a building environment. A protection system for a building
has one or more monitoring devices. A communications module external to the protection
system connects with a communications port on the protection system and is operable
to communicate wirelessly.
In a third aspect, a method is provided for communications
in automated protection of a building environment. A transceiver device is connected
near a panel or controller of a building protection system with the panel or controller.
The panel or controller monitors one or more devices. The panel or controller generates
at least one output signal as a function of the monitoring. The transceiver device
receives at least one output signal. Data associated with the at least one output
signal is wirelessly transmitted from the transceiver device to a handheld user
The present invention is defined by the following claims.
Nothing in this section should be taken as a limitation on those claims. Further
aspects and advantages of the invention are discussed below in conjunction with
the preferred embodiments and may be later claimed independently or in combination.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The components in the figures are not necessarily to scale,
emphasis instead being placed upon illustrating the described principles. In the
figures, like reference numerals designate corresponding parts throughout the different
Figure 1 is an example of a service tool used with an exemplary
Figure 2 illustrates a block diagram for an exemplary service
tool for a protection system.
Figure 3 illustrates an example of a wireless service tool
in communication with a protection system.
Figure 4 illustrates an example of a handheld service tool.
Figure 5 is a block diagram of one embodiment of communications
between a protection system and a portable service tool.
Figure 6 is a block diagram of one embodiment of communications
between a protection system and a computer network.
Figure 7 is an example display screen of a portable service
DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENTLY PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Figures 1-4 show embodiments for a portable service tool
and the use of the portable service tool with a protection system. Figures 5-6 shows
protection systems with an added communications module for use with or without the
portable service tool. The communications module may be separate from or designed
as part of the protection system.
Regarding Figures 1-4, a service tool for protection systems
may be used prior to, during, and after installation of a protection system and
for testing of an existing system. The service tool may be a portable handheld device
having a wireless transceiver for wirelessly communicating with a fire protection
system. The service tool provides a remote access point to the protection system
via one or more components of the protection system. The service tool may provide
the same or similar functionality of the device, but at a remote location. The service
tool may receive configuration and status data from a device of the protection system.
A user interface for the service tool may display information associated with information
collected and displayed by a device of the protection system. The service tool may
be used priorto, during, or after installation of a protection system. In an example,
the service tool communicates with a control panel for a fire protection system
to display information provided at the control panel and to provide remote control
of the fire control panel.
Figure 1 illustrates a block diagram of a service tool
110 and a protection system 100 that provides control functionality for one or more
building, or facility, operations. The illustrated protection system 100 is configured
to automate control for hazard detection, such as a fire detection and suppression
system, for a building, and is provided only as an example of a type of automated
system. Although various examples of the service tool 110 and protection system
100 are described, the service tool 110 may be used in a variety of applications
and may be used with many devices and automated systems.
The protection system 100 includes control processes for
monitoring an environment, detecting hazards, and reporting detected conditions.
For example, the protection system 100 includes components, or equipment, that detect
fire, combustion by-products and heat and extreme environmental changes. The components
are positioned, or distributed, throughout the building or facility to provide early
warnings of a fire or other potentially hazardous condition. The components may
generate and/or receive information related to a specific event, condition, status,
acknowledgement, silence, alarm, control, user access, combinations thereof and
the like. The components also or alternatively may be responsive to signals, may
route communications, and/or may carry out a received instruction. The components
may communicate or route the information between and among components of the system
from a source to a destination. For example, the automated building protection system
includes a building security and loss protection system, a burglary/intrusion detection
system, a HVAC system, air quality system, industrial control system, hazard detection
and/or prevention system, a lighting system, combinations or integrations thereof,
and the like. In an embodiment, the protection system 100 may be one of the FireFinder
XLS®, MXL or NCC, systems available from Siemens Building Technologies, Inc.
of Florham Park, New Jersey.
The protection system may be arranged in one or more zones.
Each zone may have multiple components for detecting and reporting hazards. The
components of a zone may communicate using a loop communication and/or over a bus.
The protection system 100 includes a central panel, or field control panel 104a.
More or less field panels 104a may be arranged in the protection system 100 than
shown in Figure 1. The field panel 104a collects information related to operational
status of the system and its components. The field panel 104a monitors one or more
zones of the protection system.
The information collected or monitored at the field panel
104a is provided via a user interface. The user interface may include lights, LED's,
video or picture display, a monitor, graphics array, and textual data. In an embodiment,
the field panel 104a is a fire control panel having video display for presenting
real-time information associated with the protection system. The display may illustrate
that the system is operating properly and that the components, or detectors, of
a monitored zone are property operating. The display may also indicate that a hazard
has been detected and provide information as to the type and location of the detected
hazard. The display may be used to provide other diagnostic, and service information.
A user may select to view a status of the system as a whole, or its subparts, such
as a zone, or specific detectors and actuators of a zone. The field panel 904a may
also include a network interface, a communications device, such as a telephone,
a microphone or call system, a terminal module, a power supply, a processor and
other devices for administering control for the protection system.
The field panel 104a may be networked with other one or
more other field panels 104b. The field panel 104b may be configured similar to
field panel 104a. For example, field panel 104a may be a central field panel for
a large multi-story building, and field panel 104b may be arranged as a central
panel for a floor of the building. Field panels 104a may be communicatively coupled
with field panel 104b to report information received at the field panel 104b. The
field panels 104a and 10b may be arranged in a bus configuration where the field
panels 104a and 104b are mutually communicatively coupled to a common bus, a loop
configuration where the panels are connected in series to form a loop, and/or in
a star configuration, where multiple control panels are coupled to a central control
panel. Field panel 104a also may be arranged to receive and report information from
one or more devices 106a. Field panel 106b may be arranged to receive and report
information from one or more devices 106b.
The field panels 104 and the devices 106 may communicate
information using a wired connection and/or wireless connection in accordance with
a wireless communications protocols. For example, the field panels 104 may wirelessly
communicate information using a 802.15.4 communications protocols, IEEE 802.11x
(e.g., 802.11a 802.11b, 802.11c .... 802.11g), Wi-Fi, Wi-Max, Bluetooth, ZigBee,
Ethernet, or other proprietary, standard, now known or later developed wireless
communication protocols. Any now known or later developed network and transport
algorithms may be used. Communication, transport and routing algorithms are provided
on the appropriate devices. Any packet size or data format may be used.
Control and monitoring of a protection system are distributed
to the field panels 104. A monitoring device 106a may periodically or continuously
report a status of a monitored condition to field panel 106a. When the device 106a
detects a hazard, the device 106a reports appropriate information to the field panel
106a. The field panel 104a processes the information to take appropriate action,
such as sounding an alarm and reporting the condition. The field panel 104a may
activate actuators, such as fan or door lock, in the area where a hazard was detected.
The field panel 104a controls the device 106a, such as requesting an acknowledge
from a component or components of a zone, silencing an alarm, or overriding a detected
condition, supervisory overriding, resetting the protection system 100, and arming
and disarming of device 106a. The field panels 104 may report information, such
as sensitivity settings for devices, voltages and battery supply information, a
log of events, and other information relevant to the protection system 100.
The monitoring devices 106 may be a detector, a sensor,
a manual call unit or other device that reports conditions and/or events. The devices
106 may be configured as a temperature or heat sensor, smoke detector, humidity
sensor, fire sensor, occupancy sensor, air quality sensor, gas sensor, O2,
CO2 or CO sensor or other now known or later developed sensors. The devices
106 may include micro-electro-mechanical sensors ("MEMS") or larger sensors for
sensing any environmental condition or event. Additionally or alternatively, the
devices 106 may be an actuator configured to perform an act in response to instructions,
such as a command received from a field panel 104. As an actuator, the devices 106
may be arranged to control a damper, a heating or cooling element, sprinkler, valve,
fan, strobe, lighting, alarm, bell, motor, or other device. One device 106 may be
both an actuator and a monitoring device. Separate devices 106 for different functions
may be used.
The exemplary protection system 100 may include at least
one workstation 102 as a controller of the protection system 100. The workstation
102 may be an interactive video display terminal that provides a secondary display
of information and operation of functions of the field control panel 104a. The workstation
102 may provide user access to the components of the protection system 100, such
as the field panels 104a and 104b and devices 106a and 106b. The workstation 102
accepts modifications, changes, and alterations to the protection system 100. The
workstation 102 may have a user interface with an input device or combination of
input devices, such as a keyboard, voice-activated response system, a mouse or similar
device. The workstation 102 may affect or change operations of the field panels
104a and 104b. The workstation 102 may process data gathered from the field panels
104a and 104b and maintain a log of events and conditions.
The service tool 110 may communicate with the protection
system 100 through a communication connection with one or more components of the
system 100. The service tool 110 may communicate information using a wireless data
transmission protocol. For example, the service tool 110 may wirelessly communicate
with the field panel 104a and/or workstation 102. The service tool 110 also may
communicate with field panel 104b directly or through a wireless communication with
field panel 104a and/or workstation 102.
Figure 2 illustrates a block diagram for an exemplary portable
service tool 210. The service tool 210 may be any device or network of devices that
may be configured or programmed to provide service functionality for a protection
system. The service tool 210 may be a personal digital assistant ("PDA"), data processor,
desktop computer, mobile computer, notebook computer, tablet computer, controller
system, personal computer, workstation, mainframe computer, server, personal communications
device such as a cellular telephone, network of computers such as a Local Area Network
("LAN"), a Wireless LAN ("WLAN") a Personal Area Network ("PAN"), Wireless PAN ("WPAN")
and a Virtual Private Network ("VPN"), combinations thereof and the like. For example,
the service tool 210 is a portable handheld device that communicates with a control
panel 104 via a controller communicatively coupled with the control panel 104.
The service tool 210 includes a controller 224, or central
processing unit (CPU), memory 226, storage device 228, data input device 230, data
output 232, and transceiver 234. The service tool also includes one or more mains
and/or battery power connections (not shown), such as a 120 Vac, 24 Vac, 24 Vdc
12 Vdc, 9 Vdc and like power connections for supplying operating power for the service
tool 210. The data output device 232 may be a display, monitor, a printer, a communications
port, combinations thereof and the like.
A program 236 resides in the memory 226 and includes one
or more sequences of executable code or coded instructions. The memory may be a
random access memory ("RAM"), read-only memory ("ROM"), programmable read-only memory
("PROM"), erasable programmable read only memory ("ERROM"), electronically erasable
programmable read only memory ("EEPROM"), Flash memory or any combination thereof
or any memory type existing now or in the future. The program 236 may be implemented
as computer software or firmware including object and/or source code, hardware,
or a combination of software and hardware. The program 236 may be stored on a computer-readable
medium, (e.g., storage device 228) installed on, deployed by, resident on, invoked
by and/or used by one or more controllers 224, computers, clients, servers, gateways,
or a network of computers, or any combination thereof. The program 236 is loaded
into the memory 226 from storage device 228. Additionally or alternatively, the
code may be executed by the controller 224 from the storage device 228. The program
236 may be implemented using any known or proprietary software platform or frameworks
including basic, Visual Basic, C, C+, C++, J2EE™, Oracle 9i, XML, API based
designs, Python, and like software systems.
The controller 224 may be a general processor, central
processing unit, digital signal processor, control processor, application specific
integrated circuit, field programmable gate array, analog circuit, digital circuit,
combinations thereof or other now known or later developed devices for implementing
a control process. The controller 224 executes one or more sequences of instructions
of the program 236 to process data. Data and/or instructions are input to the service
tool 210 with data input device 230. Data and/or instructions are input to the service
tool 210 via the transceiver 234. The controller 224 interfaces data input device
230 and/or the transceiver 234 for the input of data and instructions. Data processed
by the controller 224 is provided to an output device 232. For example, data processed
by the controller may be presented in a human readable format, such as in textual,
graphical, and/or video format on a monitor. The data also or alternatively may
be provided in an audible format or combination audible and visual format. The data
processed by the controller may be provided to an external output device, the transceiver
234 and/or stored in the data storage device 228 for later access. The controller
224 through the programs 236 may be configured to provide the functionality of the
service tool 210. The controller 224 performs the instructions of the program 236
in memory 226 to provide the features of the service tool 210. The controller 224
may also interface the storage device 228 for storage and retrieval of data.
The transceiver 234 may is a receiver, transmitter, a wireless
communication port, a wireless communication device, a modem, a wireless modem or
like device configured to wirelessly receive and/or transmit information. The transceiver
234 communicates information using one or a combination of one-way and/or two-way
wireless communications, such as radio frequency (RF), infra-red (IR), ultrasound,
cellular radio-telephone, a wireless telephone, a Personal Communication Systems
(PCS) or like wireless communication technologies. The transceiver 234 may communicate
information or packets of information according to one or more communications protocols
or standards, including IEEE 802.11(x), 802.14, 802.15, 802.16, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max, ZigBee,
Bluetooth, Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP). The transceiver 234 also or alternatively
may communicate information and/or packets of information in accordance with known
and proprietary network protocols such as TCP/IP, Ethernet and like protocols over
a Personal Area Network (PAN), Wireless PAN (WPAN), virtual private network (VPN),
Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) or other networks. The transceiver 234 may include
an interrogator that wirelessly transmits signals to interrogate components of a
protection system. Alternatively or in addition, the transceiver 234 may include
one or more ports for a wired communication, such as RS-485, Ethernet or any other
type of wire port.
Figure 3 illustrates an example of a wireless, portable
service tool 310 in communication with a protection system 300. The wireless service
tool 310 includes a wireless transceiver 334 coupled to a processor 336. The protection
system 300 may have a field panel coupled with a workstation 302 for communicating
with the service tool. For example, the workstation 302 may be a laptop computer
that is coupled via a RS-232 port or universal serial bus ("USB") to the control
panel, The workstation 302 is configured to wirelessly communicate information.
The workstation 302 may be programmed with software to collect or read information
from one or more field panels and wirelessly report the information to the service
tool 310. Using software resident on the workstation, such as Pebbles PC or other
application or program, the workstation 302 provides a user interface for displaying
information associated with the protection system 300. The workstation 302 may transmit
the information to the service tool 310, and the service tool 310 may communicate
with field panels via the workstation 302. Although shown as separate components,
the workstation may be integral to the protection system 300 or component thereof.
Through the wireless transceiver 334, the service tool
310 may communicate with the workstation 302 and protection system 300 over one
or more RF communication channels. The communication of information between the
service tool 310 and the protection system 300 allows the service tool 310 to provide
remote control and functionality of a device of the protection system 300. The service
tool 310 may allow remote operation of a field panel using commands entered at the
service tool and transmitted to the field panel via the workstation 302. For example,
a user may enter an acknowledge, silence, reset or other field panel control command
with the wireless tool 310. The wireless transceiver 334 communicates the command
to the field panel, which executes the command. The wireless transceiver 334 allows
remote monitoring of communications of the protection system 300. The wireless transceiver
334 may include an indicator, such as one or more blinking lights, one or more LED's
and LCD display and any other indicator, to indicate the wireless transceiver 334
is receiving, transmitting, and/or monitoring, communications. The wireless communication
parameters of the protection system 300 may also be manually of automatically set.
The wireless transceiver 334 wirelessly receives or reads
data. The data may be provided to the processor 336. Using software, such as Pebbles
PC or other application or program, the processor 336 provides a user interface
to display information received by the wireless transceiver 334 from the protection
system 300. The processor 336 may also include software to allow a user to wirelessly
adjust, modify or test, the protection system 300 and its components. The processor
336 may store collected and/or processed data. The user interface or man-machine
interface allows the service tool 310 to receive input from a user and provide information
to the user. The user interface may include one or more devices such as a keyboard,
mouse, touch pad, touch screen, scanner, joystick, microphone, voice recognition
software, combinations thereof and the like. The interface may include a menu of
options for an operation, function and/or command. Based on a selection, the service
tool may control additional features of the service tool and/or communicate information
with the protection system 300.
Figure 4 illustrates an example of a service tool 410 configured
as a handheld device, such as PDA device. The service tool 410 displays real-time
graphical information related to a protection system. The information may be displayed
on a screen. The user may move about a building or facility environment with the
handheld service tool 410. As the user moves about the environment, the service
tool may operate to collect data, diagnose problems, and/or configure the building
system 400 using one or different links. Using the interface, a user of the service
tool 410 may operate or control the protection system 400 in any of various modes.
For example, the service tool 410 may be operated to allow National Fire Protection
Association (NFPA) testing.
The service tool 410 also may allow troubleshooting of
components, such as an alarm. For example, using the service tool, a technician
may request an alarm to acknowledge or operate. Because the service tool 410 remotely
operates the field panel, the technician may be proximate the alarm when a command
from the service tool to sound the alarm is provided to the field panel. The proper
placement and operation of the monitoring or actuating device is determined. The
service tool 410 displays the alarm indication from the panel as well. The proper
feedback from the device is determined. The technician may silence the alarm using
the service tool. Similarly, the service tool may be used for supervisory control
and testing of the protection system 400, may identify a malfunctioning device,
a ground fault in a circuit or perform other troubleshooting. A single technician
may inspect, troubleshoot, commission and/or test the protection system.
Referring to Figure 3 and as an alternative to providing
wireless communications from the controller or workstation 302, a wireless transceiver
or device may be integrated or designed into the protection system 300, such as
in one or more of the control panels. In an embodiment shown in Figure 5, a separate
communications module 14 wirelessly communicates with the portable service tool
110. The communications module 14 is part of a system for communications and/or
reporting in automated protection of a building environment.
The system includes the building protection system for
a building or facility. The protection system is one of the protection systems 100,
200, 300 or 400 described above or a different protection system. For example, a
fire and/or security protection system has one or more monitoring and/or actuation
The protection system includes one or more control panels
104. The control or field panels connect with the monitoring and/or actuation devices.
As used herein, connection is direct or indirect, electrical or physical connection.
The control panel 104 operates as a function of control data. For example, a user
interface is provided on the control panel. The user interface allows input or control
of the protection system for testing, troubleshooting, or commissioning.
The protection system includes a controller 102. The controller
102 may be the workstation 102, the workstation 302 or another controller of the
protection system. In other embodiments, the protection system does not include
the controller 102.
The protection system also includes the communications
module 14, a repeater 18, a remote module 20, and the portable service tool 110.
Additional, different or fewer components may be provided. For example, the repeater
18 and/or remote module 20 are not provided.
The communications module 14 connects with the protection
system, such as with the control panel 104. The communications module 14 includes
an input port for wired or antenna for wireless connection with the protection system
and a wireless transceiver for communications with the portable service tool 110.
In one embodiment, the communications module 14 includes a processor, the wireless
transceiver, a memory, an antenna and an enclosure. Additional, different or fewer
components may be provided, such as providing a printer port on the communications
In a further embodiment, the communications module 14 includes
a 900 MHz spread spectrum radio 16, but other wireless communications devices may
be used as discussed above. A MINI-ITX, processor with a motherboard (e.g., x386
processor from Intel®) or other processor running a Unux or other application-based
program operates the communications module 14. A hard drive (e.g., 20 G byte), RAM,
memory stick, or other memory stores data and/or software. A wired interface, such
as an RJ12 and associated circuit, is provided for electrical communication with
the protection system. Other ports may be provided for communications to the protection
system or other devices, such as USB (e.g., four), serial (e.g., two) or parallel
ports. An omni-directional antenna connects with the radio 16, but directional or
other antennas may be used. A power supply, such as a battery, transformer (e.g.,
12 volt) or port for wired power, is provided.
The communications module 14 is integrated into the protection
system, such as being within a field panel. Alternatively, the communications module
14 has a separate enclosure, such as a hard metal, plastic and/or fiberglass case.
The enclosure is separate from the protection system for external use. The enclosure
includes holes, tabs, feet or other structure for mounting or resting the communications
module 14 at a desired location. For example, the communications module 14 is mounted
to a field panel or to a wall in a same room or adjacent to a field panel 104 or
controller 102. The mounting is permanent or releasable, such as using hangers,
screws or bolts. As another example, the communications module 14 rests in a same
or different room as the controller 102 or field panel 104. The communications module
14 may be connected for testing and removed when not used, retrofitted onto an existing
protection system, and/or included in a new protection system.
A port or cable on the enclosure allows electronic connection
between the protection system and the communications module 14. For example, a serial
cable releasably connects to a port on the communications panel and a port on the
field panel 104. A permanent cable may be used from the communications module 14
and/or the protection system.
The radio 16 of the communications module 14 communicates
wirelessly. The communication is with the portable service tool 110. The communication
is direct. Alternatively and as shown in Figure 5, the radio 16 wirelessly communicates
with an additional device, such as with the remote device 20 for indirect communication
with the portable service tool 110. The remote device 20 uses a wired (e.g., serial
RS-232C) and/or wireless (e.g., Bluetooth) connection for communicating with the
portable service tool 110. One or more repeaters 18 may alternatively or additionally
be used for wireless communications with the portable service tool 110. For example,
the panel 104 outputs data over a cable to the communications module 14. The port
may interface the data for use by the processor of the communications module, such
as formatting the data pursuant to the USB standard. The data is output to the radio
16 in any format, such as a spread spectrum signal via RS-232C. The radio 16 transmits
the data through an antenna to the repeater 18 and/or remote module 20. The repeater
18 may extend the range of communication between the technician and the communications
module 14. Any protocols may be used for any portion of the communications path.
Data may be sent from the service tool 110 to the protection system along the same
or different communications path.
The data includes event information to or from the portable
service tool 110 for annunciation. Control information may be sent from the portable
service tool 110, such as data from controlling the panel 104 (e.g., acknowledge
(ACK), silence (SIL), RESET & NEXT data). Other data associated with operating the
communications module 14 may be sent by the portable service tool 110, such as sending
a signal to generate a report, save data, or shut down. Data from the protection
system indicating current status or control options may be sent to the portable
service tool 110. Any information for commissioning, troubleshooting, and/or inspection
may be wirelessly communicated in one-way or two-ways. The communication occurs
while the communications module 14 is communicatively connected to both the panel
104 and an additional device, such as the portable service tool 110.
The data passing through or generated in the communications
module 14 may be stored on a memory of the communications module 14 or output for
storage on another memory. Data from the panel 104, controller 102, and/or the user
interface of the portable service tool 110 is logged for later analysis. All or
selected testing or other events are logged. Stored data may be recalled for analysis
at the portable service tool 110, the panel 104 and/or the controller 102. The data
may be stored in one or more locations, such as storing data in a hard drive and
in a USB memory stick. The data may be organized in any desired manner, such as
by job files or date. Job files are created with the controller 102, the panel 104
and/or the portable service tool 110, such as by saving test data in a job file
labeled with input from the user.
The stored or current data may be used to generate an inspection
and/or data logging report. The report is based, at least in part, on data from
the panel 104. The portable service tool 110 is used to control the testing with
or without input at the panel 104. Data from the portable service tool 110, such
as a project name, technician name, date or other information, may be included in
the report. The data is formatted pursuant to a desired layout, such as an inspection
report laid out pursuant to local requirements or a standard format.
For example, at the completion of a system test, the technician
closes a test file stored on the communications module 14 with instructions from
the portable service tool 110. The test information is then sent to a USB memory
stick or other memory for transfer to an inspection tool or software for generating
the report In one embodiment, the inspection tool is on and performed by the communications
module 14. The inspection tool lays out the data into an industry standard (e.g.,
NFPA 72) report to be presented to the customer as written conformation of the test
results. The report may avoid hand written reports by taking stored detector point
information contained in the panel 104 and importing directly form the actual test
information. The report is generated in any desired format, such as a Word®
document, an adobe document (e.g., pdf file) or other format.
The portable service tool 110, the controller 102 and/or
the panel 104 receive user input to configure the report. For example, the user
selects between different types, lay outs or formats of the report. The user may
input a report name or other information included on the report. The communications
module 14 may be free of user input devices for configuring the report while being
the device to generate the report. Alternatively, the communications module 14 includes
one or more inputs for configuring a report.
The report may be viewed, such as at the controller 102
and/or the portable service tool 110. The user may review the report for a visual
indication that all devices have been tested. Alternatively, software checks data
logging to determine completion oftesting.
The repeater 18 is a radio, such as 900 MHz spread spectrum
radio, for wirelessly linking the communications module 14 to the remote module
20 or the portable service tool 110. The links use a same or different protocol.
In one embodiment, the repeater 18 includes an enclosure, a 900 MHz spread spectrum
radio, an omni-dinrctional antenna, a power source (e.g., cord, transformer, port
or battery with a charger), a switch, a power indicator, a fuse, and a radio connection
LED. Additional, different or fewer components may be provided, such as a Bluetooth
or other transmitter and/or receiver. In one embodiment, the repeater 18 is a different
type of device than the remote module 20. Alternatively, the repeater 18 and the
remote module 20 are a same type of device, but perform differently depending on
the range to the portable service tool 110. For example, a network of repeaters
18/remote modules 20 is distributed throughout a building. The device closest to
the portable service tool at a given time acts as the remote module and no, one
or more other devices act as repeaters to communicate with the communications module
The remote module 20 communicates with the portable service
tool 110 pursuant to a same or different format as with the repeater 18 and/or communications
module 14. For example, Bluetooth communications are used with the portable service
tool 110, but a different protocol is used for other wireless communications.
In one embodiment, the remote module 20 comprises an enclosure,
a 900 MHz spread spectrum radio, an omni-directional antenna, a power source, a
serial Bluetooth transmitter/receiver, a switch, a power indicator, a fuse, and
radio connection LEDs. Additional, different or fewer components may be provided.
The remote module 20 may include a serial Bluetooth adaptor and be pocket PC Bluetooth
enabled, but other communications may be used. A charger port for the portable service
tool or an extra battery may be provided with the remote module 20. The remote module
20 implements a TELNET or other application for routing communications.
The enclosure of the remote module 14 is adapted to rest
or mount within the building. Alternatively, the remote module 14 is portable, such
as being carried with or by the technician. A belt connector, backpack, or shoulder
strap may be provided. In other embodiments, the remote module 20 and the portable
service tool 110 are combined as a single device in one or more enclosures.
900 MHz Radios may have a range of about 1,000 feet unobstructed,
but have a lesser range in a building environment. To extend the range in larger
buildings, one or more repeaters 18 are provided. Other wireless devices with a
greater or lesser range may be used.
The portable service tool 110 is the portable service tool
of Figure 1, or another portable service tool (e.g., 210, 310 or 410). In one embodiment,
the portable service tool 110 is adapted for or specific to use in the building
protection system, such as being a SAP compliant device. The portable service tool
110 may be a general application device with or without modifications other than
software, such as a personal data assistant or wireless telephone. In one embodiment,
the portable service tool 110 includes a Windows or Palm operating system, a Bluetooth
interface, and a MToken or like serial telnet program. Additional, different or
fewer components may be provided, such as replacing or adding to the Bluetooth interface
with a serial cable connection.
The portable service tool 110 provides a user interface
to display visually processed information in a user readable format The information
includes status information for the protection system, control options, report configuration
options, portable service tool 110 operation options, and/or communications module
14 operation options. Data is sent to and from the portable service tool 110, such
as communicating commands for the panel 104 or protection system from the portable
service tool 110 in response to selections by the user on the user interface.
In another embodiment, the data is routed, at least in
part, to or from the portable service tool 110 by a computer network. Figure 6 shows
a computer network 30 for use with the communications module 14 and the portable,
remote service module 110. The computer network 30 includes one or more wireless
communications devices or radios 34 (e.g., nodes), such as wi-fi devices, and a
remote component 32. Additional, different or fewer components may be provided,
such as providing the radios 34 without the remote component 32 or vise versa.
The computer network 30 is operable pursuant to any now
known or later developed network protocol, such as the TCP/IP or others. In one
embodiment, the computer network 30 is a local area network. In other embodiments,
the computer network 30 is a wide area network and/or connects with other networks,
such as the Internet.
A connection allows communications between the panel 104
or controller 102 with the computer network 30. The connection is a wired connection,
such as a RS-232 connection with the panel 104. For communicating with the computer
network 30, the panel 104, controller 102, communications module 14, any repeater
18, or any remote module 20 includes an Ethernet, modem, USB, serial, parallel,
IEEE 1394, or other interface operable with the computer network 30. Wireless connection
may be used.
In one embodiment, the connection is free of the communications
module 14. In the embodiment shown in Figure 6, the communications module 14 provides
the connection. The communications module connects with the panel 104 or controller
102 and with the connection to the computer network 30. For example, the communications
module 14 is plugged into the computer network for transmitting status data and
receiving control data. The communications module 14 is assigned or provides a network
address. Other data may be transferred, such as updated firmware or software for
the portable service tool 110, the panel 104, the controller 102, or the communications
In one embodiment, the repeater 18 and/or the remote module
20 (Figure 5) are replaced or supplemented by wireless capabilities of the computer
network 30 in a building, such as the radios 34. The portable service tool 110 includes
wi-fi or computer network based wireless capabilities or communicates through an
interface, such as a remote module 20. The connection with the computer network
30 through the radios 34 routes control data to the panel 104 or controller 102
from the portable service tool 110. The connection of the computer network 30 with
the protection system (e.g., panel 104, controller 102 or communications module
14) receives the control data from one or more nodes or radios 34. Status data is
routed to the portable service tool 110 through the nodes or radios 34. As the portable
service tool 110 is carried to different locations in a building, different radios
34 of the computer system 30 are used to communicate between the protection system
and the portable service tool 110. At different times, different radios 34 may provide
the best connection based on the location of the portable service tool 110 given
the operable range for wireless communication.
In an alternative or additional embodiment, the connection
and computer network 30 are used for remote communications outside the building
environment. The remote component 32 is a computer or service tool at a different
building, facility, city, state or other geographical location. For example, the
remote component 32 is a computer at a service center, technician business, manufacture
location or elsewhere. Using the Internet or other computer network communications,
the status data for the protection system is transmitted to the remote component
32. The status data may be displayed or analyzed to assist in troubleshooting or
testing. An expert or other person may contact a technician to assist. Alternatively
or additionally, control data may be generated at the remote component 32 and received
at the connection with the protection system. The protection system operates based
on the control data, providing for remote testing or troubleshooting.
The operation with the remote component 32 may be used
alone or in conjunction with wireless communication with a portable service tool
110. For example, the status and/or control data is mirrored at the remote component
32 and the portable service tool 110. A data, voice or other communications routed
between the remote component 32 and the portable service tool 110 through the network
30 with or without the communications module 14 may be provided.
Figure 7 shows one example of a screen display on the portable
service tool 110. Other information may be provided. The display mirrors or includes
the same data as a display of the panel 104 and/or the controller 102, but may have
different format or content. The top two lines comprise a simple panel display format.
The status data includes a number of alarm, trouble, supervisory, and security notices
for a given job selected from a list of jobs or currently being operated. The supervisory
notices deal with flow and control switching. The trouble notices deal with unusual
or no signals, such as associated with a short, open or removal of a device. The
reset, display, next and quit inputs allow for navigation through the various notices.
Other inputs are shown, such as alarm acknowledgement, silence audible, supervisory
acknowledge, trouble acknowledge and security acknowledge. Other status indicators
may be displayed, such as alarm, power, audible silence, partial system disable,
supervisory, trouble and security indications with an appropriate designator (e.g.,
off, on, blinking for active, and ? for unknown).
The systems of Figures 5-6 are used in a method for communicating
and/or reporting in automated protection of a building environment. Other systems
may be used.
The protection system monitors one or more devices with
a panel and/or controller. The devices may indicate fire, security or other building
environment conditions. To verify proper operation, commission, change, troubleshoot
or inspect the protection system, the user may operate tools on the panel or controller.
User input controls operation of monitoring devices, actuator devices or the panel.
To assist in control, a portable service tool may be used to control the panel.
The portable service tool is a handheld device, but may be larger.
In one embodiment, a transceiver device is connected with
and near a panel or controller of the building protection system. For example, the
transceiver device electrically connects with a cable. The transceiver device, such
as a communications module, connects with a communications port on the panel or
controller. As another example, the transceiver device physically connects on a
housing of or structure near the panel or controller. The transceiver device is
in a separate housing from the panel or controller. The electrical and/or physical
connection may be releasable or fixed. Alternatively, the transceiver device is
provided within, on a same board or as part of the panel or controller.
Based on the monitoring of devices, the panel and/or controller
generate one or more output signals. Status information for each or groups of the
devices is output Logged events may be output. The output data is communicated from
the panel and/or controller to the transceiver device.
The transceiver device receives the output signal. For
example, the transceiver device receives status information representing operation
of the entire or a portion of the protection system. The output signal is digital
The transceiver device wirelessly transmits the data associated
with the output signal. The data is transmitted as an analog or digital signal.
Any now known or later developed format may be used, such as spread spectrum, frequency
division, time division or combinations thereof. The data associated with the output
signal is the actual output information or data derived from the output information.
For example, the status information is output in packets pursuant to a protocol
useable by other devices, such as a handheld user interface. The data is output
to the handheld or portable device.
The handheld user interface receives the data. In one embodiment,
a remote module receives the data directly or indirectly from the transceiver device
and transmits the information to the handheld user interface. The transmission is
wireless or wired. For example, the remote module receives the data wirelessly pursuant
to a longer range protocol (e.g., spread spectrum at 900MHz or other frequency)
and converts the data as appropriate for a shorter range protocol (e.g., Bluetooth).
The handheld user interface is adjacent to one or more remote modules at a given
time for receiving the data. Alternatively, the handheld user interface receives
the data pursuant to the protocol used by the transceiver device with or without
one or more intervening devices.
The handheld user interface displays a status of the building
protection system as a function of the received data. The user interface allows
input of a control entry. The user may enter control information on the portable
component, such as selecting an acknowledge, silence, diable, next, reset, quit,
save, combinations thereof, or other now known or later developed protection system
control. The user selects the control information independent of or based on the
The handheld user interface (e.g., the portable component)
transmits control information in response to the control entry. The control information
is transmitted along a same or different path as the received information (e.g.,
status data). For example, the control information is formatted for wireless transmission
pursuant to the Bluetooth protocol to the remote module, and the remote module converts
the control information for wireless transmission to the transceiver device. Other
formats or protocols may be used. Wired communication may be used.
The transceiver device (e.g., communications module) at
the panel or controller receives the control information from the handheld user
interface. The transceiver device transmits the control information in a same or
different form to the panel and/or controller. For example, the carrier information
is removed, and digital data representing control information used by the panel
is transmitted. Data derived from the received control information may be transmitted
to the panel or controller,
The building protection system changes operation in response
to the received control data. The operation changes as if the user had input control
selections at the panel or controller, but without requiring the user to be present
at the panel or controller. The change may result in different operation of the
monitoring devices, actuation devices, panel and/or controller. For example, an
audible alarm at one or more speakers is silenced. As another example, the building
protection system or a portion of the system is reset. The change may result in
the storage of data, such as being a save command.
Any resulting change in status may be transmitted to the
handheld user interface using the same or different path. The exchange of control
and status data may continue for testing different or the same devices of the protection
In response to a command or without responding to a command,
the transceiver device (e.g., the communications module) generates a report As the
panel is controlled with the portable component, the testing data for the report
is generated. The report is a function of information from the panel, controller,
portable device or combinations thereof. For example, status information from the
protection system is logged. Control information may be logged. The report is a
data logging or an inspection report for the panel, controller or other portion
of the protection system.
The transceiver device generates the report in a standardized
report format. The report has a single configuration in one embodiment. In other
embodiments, the user controls some of the data and/or layout of the report This
configuration of the report is controlled by user input on the portable device,
the transceiver device or other sources. The report may be generated without configuring
data from the transceiver device in one example, such as where the transceiver device
has a limited user interface. The command to output or generate may be generated
at the handheld user interface, the transceiver device, the protection system or
The report is output The report is in a standard or proprietary
format, such as being a pdf or .doc file. The report is output to a memory or on
an output port. For example, the report is output for display on the handheld user
interface. As another example, the report is output on a printer port. In another
example, the report is stored to an internal memory, output to a removable memory
(e.g., disk, optical media, or memory stick), or output to a computer network.
In another embodiment, the panel or controller of a building
protection system is connected with a computer network. A user or another connects
with a wire, but a wireless device may be used. For example, the panel or controller
is connected to the Internet, a local area network, a wide area network or other
network. The computer network is operable pursuant to an Internet Protocol, but
other protocols may be used. The connection is direct or indirect. For example,
a communications module is connected with the panel or controller and with the computer
network. The communications module performs transmitting and receiving of data between
the protection system and the computer network.
The computer network may include a wireless capability.
For example, the computer network provides a wi-fi capability in a portion of or
in an entire building or groups of buildings. A portable device used within the
building environment wirelessly communicates with the computer network. The communication
may be only for portions of the building, with other wireless communications being
for other portions.
The portable device and the protection system communicate
status and control data through the computer network. For example, the panel or
controller receives control data from the portable device at least in part with
a wireless communications capability of the computer network. The portable device
communicates with a closest, most reliable, or selected wireless node of the computer
network. As the portable device is moved to other locations, other wireless nodes
of the computer network may be used for communications. At different times, different
wireless nodes may be within an operable range for wireless communication with the
The protection system sends status and receives control
information with the computer network. The information may be communicated over
a wire or wireless. For example, a wired connection between the protection system
and a communications module and a wired or wireless connection between the communications
module and the computer network are used to transmit status data.
The connection of the protection system with the computer
network has an alternative or additional use. A component of the computer network,
such as a computer, may be used to receive status information and/or transmit control
information. The component of the computer network performs the same, some of the
same, or different functions as the portable service tool. The portable service
tool is or is not provided. The panel or controller transmits status information
to the component of the computer network and/or the portable device.
The component of the computer network is within the building
environment or is remote from the building environment For example, a computer connected
to the Internet is located at provider or manufacturer of the protection system
or another expert location. A technician in the building environment may be assisted
in testing, commissioning or troubleshooting by someone else using the component
of the computer network. The other person may review the status of the protection
system and/or control the protection system. The protection system receives control
data from the component and operates the panel as a function of the control data.
The performance of the protection system may be monitored and/or controlled by the
component without the presence of the technician in the building environment.
Software to be used or applied by the protection system,
portable service tool, communications module, or combinations thereof may be updated
or provided from the computer network. For example, the component sends a software
upgrade over the computer network. The addressed device receives and loads the software
upgrade. A status of the loading may be sent back to the component of the computer
While the invention has been described above by reference
to various embodiments, it should be understood that many changes and modifications
can be made without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, the
service tool and its components may be adapted for servicing and troubleshooting
industrial control equipment, environmental quality, security, lighting systems
and integrated systems including combinations thereof. The service tool may also
be configured with mapping software that allows a user to record and store service
information with a corresponding position on a map of a building. The service tool
may be used with integrated systems where, for example, an environmental control
system may be integrated with a fire detection and prevention system.
The description and illustrations are by way of example
only. Many more embodiments and implementations are possible within the scope of
this invention and will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art The various
embodiments are not limited to the described environments, and have a wide variety
of applications including integrated building control systems, environmental control,
security detection, communications, industrial control, power distribution, lighting
control, and hazard reporting.
It is intended that the appended claims cover such changes
and modifications that fall within the spirit, scope and equivalents of the invention.
The invention is not to be restricted except in light as necessitated by the accompanying
claims and their equivalents. Therefore, the invention is not limited to the specific
details, representative embodiments, and illustrated examples in this description.