PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1847718 06.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001847718
Titel AXIALGEBLÄSE
Anmelder Sanyo Denki Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder ISHIHARA, Katsumichi, eToshima-ku, Tokyo, 1708451, JP;
OOSAWA, Honami, eToshima-ku, Tokyo, 1708451, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten DE, FI, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 02.02.2006
EP-Aktenzeichen 067128819
WO-Anmeldetag 02.02.2006
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/JP2006/301738
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2006082877
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 10.08.2006
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 24.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 06.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse F04D 29/52(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070925, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse F04D 29/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070925, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to an axial flow fan used for cooling an inside of electrical equipment or the like.

BACKGROUND ART

When the size of electrical equipment is reduced, a space in which air flows inside a casing of the electrical equipment is also reduced. For this reason, as a fan used for cooling an inside of the casing, the fan characterized by an increased air volume and a higher static pressure is demanded. In the fan having such characteristics, it is also demanded to reduce noise as much as possible.

U.S. Patent No. 6,244,818 or Japanese Patent Publication No. 2000-257597 (Patent Document 1), for example, discloses an axial flow fan including stationary blades in FTGs.1 and 4 of Patent Document 1 in order to fulfill this demand.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION

It has been confirmed when a plurality of stationary blades are provided, the demand described above may be fulfilled. Recently, however, depending on an application, a fan is sometimes demanded in which noise is further reduced compared with existing axial flow fans including the stationary blades.

An object of the present invention is to provide an axial flow fan including stationary blades, in which characteristics of static pressure and an air volume may be improved more than in conventional axial flow fans, and in which noise may also be reduced.

MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEM

An axial flow fan of the present invention includes a housing, an impeller, a motor that rotates the impeller, and a plurality of stationary blades. The housing includes an air channel portion having a suction opening on one side of an axial direction of a rotary shaft and a discharge opening on the other side of the axial direction. The impeller includes a plurality of rotary blades that rotate within the air channel portion. The rotary blades are disposed in a circumferential direction of the rotary shaft at equidistant intervals. The motor causes the impeller to rotate about the rotary shaft in one rotating direction. The stationary blades are disposed in the vicinity of the discharge opening of the air channel portion. A lead wire engaging portion to engage with a plurality of lead wires is provided at the housing. The lead wire engaging portion is disposed at a wall portion surrounding the discharge opening of the air channel portion of the housing and is configured to engage with the lead wires connected to the motor. Presence of the lead wires may not only affect the air volume and static pressure but also may cause generation of noise. Then, in the present invention, a guide wall portion is provided to form a guide groove between the guide wall portion and one of the stationary blades, disposed in the vicinity of the lead wire engaging portion. The guide groove receives the lead wires therein and guides the lead wires to the lead wire engaging portion. When the guide wall portion as described above is provided and a plurality of lead wires are received in the guide groove, presence of the lead wires may have less adverse effect on the air volume and static pressure and may generate less noise.

Each of the stationary blades includes an outside end portion fixed to an inner wall portion of the air channel portion and an inside end portion located opposite to the outside end portion in a radial direction of the rotary shaft. In a central portion of the air channel portion in the vicinity of the discharge opening, a stationary blade fixing member including a peripheral wall portion is disposed. The inside end portion of each of the stationary blades is fixed to the peripheral wall portion. The guide wall portion includes a first end portion located on a side of the suction opening, a second end portion located on a side of the discharge opening, a third end portion located on a side of the inner wall portion of the air channel portion, and a fourth end portion located on a side of the stationary blade fixing member. Then, the first end portion of the guide wall portion extends from the inner wall portion of the air channel portion toward the stationary blade fixing member and is coupled to a suction-side end portion of one stationary blade, located on the side of the suction opening, thereby forming the guide groove between the guide wall portion and the one stationary blade. With this arrangement, presence of the guide wall portion may suppress adverse effect on the relationship of the static pressure to the air volume and may also reduce noise generation.

Preferably, the third end portion of the guide wall portion is fixed to the inner wall portion of the air channel portion. When the guide wall portion is structured as described above, mechanical strength of the guide wall portion may be increased.

Preferably, the coupling portion between the first end portion and the suction-side end portion of the one stationary blade is shaped so as to become thinner toward the suction opening. With this arrangement, the coupling portion may be prevented from becoming a great resistance against an air flow generated by means of rotation of the impeller.

Further, it is preferable that the second end portion of the guide wall portion may be flush with a hypothetical opening surface of the discharge opening. In this case, it is preferable that the guide wall portion may extend from the first end portion to the second end portion so that the guide wall portion may substantially become orthogonal to the hypothetical opening surface of the discharge opening. When the guide wall portion is provided as described above, a resistance against an air flow, generated due to the presence of the guide wall portion, may be further reduced.

The lead wire engaging portion may include a through hole formed in the housing and disposed adjacent to the outside end portion of the one stationary blade, and a slit formed in the housing. The through hole communicates an inside of the air channel portion with an outside of the housing. The slit communicates with the through hole and is opened to the other side of the axial direction. In this case, a size of the slit is determined so that the lead wires, which are received in the guide groove and go out via the through hole, do not readily get out of the slit. When the lead wire engaging portion is configured as described above, the lead wires may readily be inserted into the guide groove and pulled out to the outside of the housing. When the lead wire engaging portion is configured as described above, it is preferable that the third end portion of the guide wall portion may be fixed to the inner wall portion of the air channel portion. Then, it is preferable that a length of the guide wall portion extending along the one stationary blade may be determined so as to prevent a part of an air flow generated by means of rotation of the impeller from actively flowing out to the outside of the housing via the through hole. With this arrangement, the air flow substantially does not go out via the through hole, thereby generating less noise.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • FIG. 1A is a perspective view of an axial flow fan according to an embodiment of the present invention, as viewed from front upper right.
  • FIG. 1B is a perspective view of the axial flow fan, as viewed from rear upper left.
  • FIG. 1C is a perspective view of the axial flow fan, as viewed from front upper right, wherein three lead wires are omitted from the illustration.
  • FIG. 2A is a front view of the axial flow fan of FIG. 1 with a seal on the side of a motor removed.
  • FIG. 2B is a rear view of the axial flow fan of FIG. 1 with the seal on the side of the motor removed.
  • FIG. 3 is a plan view of the axial flow fan with the three lead wires and the seal removed.
  • FIG. 4 is a right side view of the axial flow fan of FIG. 2A.
  • FIG. 5 is a diagram for explaining a relationship between a rotary blade and a stationary blade.
  • FIG. 6 is a diagram for explaining a relationship between a rotary blade and a stationary blade.
  • FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 4, with an internal structure of the motor omitted.
  • FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 4.
  • FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along line C-C of FIG. 4, with the internal structure of the motor omitted.
  • FIG. 10 is a sectional view taken along line D-D of FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 11 is a sectional view taken along line E-E of FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 12 is a sectional view taken along line F-F of FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 13 is a sectional view taken along line G-G of FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 14 is a graph showing results of measurement of air volume-static pressure characteristics in both cases where the guide wall portion was provided and where the guide wall portion was not provided.
  • FIG. 15 is a graph showing results of measurement when the number of rotary blades was seven and the number of stationary blades was changed.
  • FIG. 16 is a graph showing results of measurement when the number of the rotary blades was changed and the number of the stationary blades was eight.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

An axial flow fan according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to drawings. FIG. 1A is a perspective view of an axial flow fan 1 according to the embodiment of the present invention, as viewed from front upper right. FIG. 1B is a perspective view of the axial flow fan 1, as viewed from rear upper left. FIG. 1C is a perspective view of the axial flow fan 1, as viewed from front upper right, wherein three lead wires 10 are omitted from the illustration. FIGs. 2A and 2B are respectively a front view and a rear view with a seal 2 on the side of a motor 9 removed. FIG. 3 is a plan view of the axial flow fan 1 with the three lead wires 10 and the seal 2 removed. FIG. 4 is a right side view of the axial flow fan 1 of FIG. 2A. FIGS. 5 and 6 are diagrams used for explaining a relationship between a rotary blade 5 and a stationary blade 11, which will be described later. FIGs. 7, 8, and 9 are respectively a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 4, from which an internal structure of the motor is omitted, a sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 4, and a sectional view taken along line C-C of FIG. 4, from which the internal structure of the motor is omitted.

Referring to these drawings, the axial flow fan 1 includes a housing 3, an impeller 7 including seven rotary blades 5 that are disposed inside the housing 3 and rotate, a motor 9 including a rotary shaft 8 to which the impeller 7 is attached, and eight stationary blades 11. As shown in FIGs. 1 and 2, the housing 3 includes an annular suction-side flange 13 in one side of a direction (an axial. direction) in which an axis line of the rotary shaft 8 extends. The housing 3 also includes an annular discharge-side flange 15 in the other side of the axial direction. The housing 3 also includes a cylindrical portion 17 disposed between the flanges 13 and 15. An air channel portion 19 is formed by respective internal spaces of the flange 13, flange 15, and cylindrical portion 17.

The suction-side flange 13 has substantially a square contour shape, and has a suction opening 14 of substantially a circular shape. The suction-side flange 13 has a flat surface 13a at each of four corner portions thereof. In each of the four corner portions, a through hole 13b, through which a mounting screw passes, is formed.

The discharge-side flange 15 also has substantially a square contour shape, and has a discharge opening 16 of substantially a circular shape. The discharge-side flange 15 has a flat surface 15a at each of four corner portions thereof. In each of the four corner portions, a through hole 15b, through which a mounting screw passes, is formed.

The impeller 7 includes a rotary blade fixing member 6 of a cup shape. Seven rotary blades 5 are fixed to a peripheral wall portion of the rotary blade fixing member 6. A plurality of permanent magnets that constitute a part of a rotor of the motor 9 are fixed onto the inside of the peripheral wall portion of the rotary blade fixing member 6.

As shown in FIGs. 2A and 3, the eight stationary blades 11 respectively include an outside end portion 11A fixed to an inner wall portion of the air channel portion 19 and an inside end portion 11B located opposite to the outside end portion 11A in a radial direction of the rotary shaft 8. In a central portion of the air channel portion 19 in the vicinity of the discharge opening 16, a stationary blade fixing member 21 of a cup shape is disposed. The stationary blade fixing member 21 includes a peripheral wall portion having an outer diameter size equal to or smaller than an outer diameter size of the peripheral wall portion of the rotary blade fixing member 6. With this diameter setting, the stationary blade fixing member 21 will not be a great resistance to an air flow generated by means of rotation of the impeller 7. The inside end portion 11B of each of the eight stationary blades 11 is fixed to the peripheral wall portion of the stationary blade fixing member 21. As a result, the stationary blade fixing member 21 is fixed to the housing 3 by the eight stationary blades 11. A bearing 23 that rotatably supports a stator of the motor 9, not shown, and the rotary shaft 8 are supported by the stationary blade fixing member 21.

As shown in FIG. 5, each of the seven rotary blades 5 has a cross-sectional shape which is curved to form a concave portion opened toward the rotating direction of the impeller 7 (clockwise in FIG. 2A or counterclockwise in FIG. 2B) as the rotary blade 5 is cross-sectioned in an orthogonal direction to the axial direction of the rotary shaft 8. In other words, as shown in FIG. 6, the cross-sectional shape of each of the seven rotary blades 5 is curved to form a convex portion raised toward an opposite direction to the rotating direction of the impeller 7 as the rotary blade is cross-section in the axial direction. As shown in FIG. 5, each of the stationary blades 11 has a cross-sectional shape which is curved to form a concave portion opened toward an opposite direction to the rotating direction of the impeller 7 as the stationary blade is cross-sectioned in an orthogonal direction to the axial direction. In other words, as shown in FIG. 6, the cross-sectional shape of each of the eight stationary blades 11 is curved to form a convex portion raised toward the rotating direction as the stationary blade is cross-sectioned in the axial direction.

As shown in FIGs. 6 and 10, each of the eight stationary blades 11 is shaped so that a side length L2 of the outside end portion 11A of the stationary blade 11, a length of a side of the outside end portion 11A of the stationary blade 11, which extends along the inner wall portion of the air channel portion 19 may be longer than a side length L1 of the inside end portion 11B of the stationary blade 11, or a length of a side of the inside end portion 11B of the stationary blade 11, which extends along the peripheral wall portion of the stationary blade fixing member 21. The side length L1 of the inside end portion 11B of one stationary blade 11 disposed adjacent to a lead wire engaging portion 25, which will be described later, is shorter than the side length L1 of the inside end portion 11B of other stationary blades 11. This arrangement is intended to readily pull out the lead wires 10 from the motor 9.

Referring to FIG.3, how to determine the shape of the stationary blade 11 will be described. First, it is assumed that a first hypothetical plane PS1 extends in a radial direction of the rotary shaft 8, passing through an end 12A, located closest to the discharge opening 16, of the side of the inside end portion 11B of the stationary blade 11 and containing a centerline CL passing through the center of the rotary shaft 8. Next, it is assumed that a second hypothetical plane PS2 extends in the radial direction, passing through an end 12B, located closest to the discharge opening 16, of the side of the outside end portion 11A of the stationary blade 11 and containing the centerline CL. Further, it is assumed that a third hypothetical plane PS3 extends in the radial direction, passing through an end 12C, located closest to the suction opening 14, of the side of the outside end portion 11A of the stationary blade 11 and containing the centerline CL. Then, the stationary blades 11 are respectively shaped so that a direction from the first hypothetical plane PS1 to the second hypothetical plane PS2 and a direction from the second hypothetical plane PS2 to the third hypothetical plane PS3 are respectively opposite to the rotating direction of the impeller 7. When the shape of the stationary blade 11 is defined as described above, it becomes easy to determine the shape of the stationary blade according to a desired characteristic. In this embodiment, an angle &thgr;1 formed between the first hypothetical plane PS1 and the second hypothetical plane PS2 is larger than an angle &thgr;2 formed between the second hypothetical plane PS2 and the third hypothetical plane PS3. Specifically, the angle &thgr;1 is 30 degrees, while the angle &thgr;2 is 20 degrees. A preferable range of the angle &thgr;1 is 25 to 30 degrees, while a preferable range of the angle &thgr;2 is 15 to 20 degrees. When the angles &thgr;1 and &thgr;2 are determined as described above, it may become easy to design an axial flow fan with an increased air volume and a higher static pressure.

As shown in FIGs. 6 and 10, it is preferable that the side length L2 of the outside end portion 11A of the stationary blade may correspond to 40 to 50% of the length L3 of the rotary blade 5 that extends in the axial direction. When the length L2 is determined as described above, it may become easy to design an axial flow fan with an increased air volume and a higher static pressure.

The lead wire engaging portion 25 to engage with the three lead wires 10 is provided at the housing 3. The lead wire engaging portion 25 includes a through hole 27 that is formed in the cylindrical portion 17 of the housing 3, being disposed adjacent to the outside end portion 11A of an adjacent stationary blade 11, and a slit 29 formed in the flange 15 of the housing 3. The through hole 27 communicates an inside of the air channel portion 19 with an outside of the housing 3. The slit 29 communicates with the through hole 27 and is opened to the other side of the axial direction. In this case, a width of the slit 29 is determined so that the three lead wires 10 may not readily get out of the slit 29. The three lead wires 10 are received in a guide groove 31, which will be described later, and go out via the through hole 27. When the lead wire engaging portion 25 is configured as described above, the lead wires 10 may readily be inserted into the guide groove 31 and pulled out of the housing 3. In this embodiment, at the flange 13 of the housing 3 as well, a lead wire engaging portion 26 is formed to engage with the lead wires 10 bent along the cylindrical portion 17.

In this embodiment, as shown in FIGs. 1A and 1C, 2A, 3, 11, and 12, a guide wall portion 33 is provided to form the guide groove 31, which receives the lead wires 10 and guides them to the lead wire engaging portion 25, between the guide wall portion 33 and one of the stationary blades 11, disposed in the vicinity of the lead wire engaging portion 25. As shown in FIG. 12, in particular, the guide wall portion 33 includes a first end portion 35 located on a side of the suction opening 14, a second end portion 37 located on a side of the discharge opening 16, a third end portion 39 located on a side of the inner wall portion of the air channel portion 19, and a fourth end portion 41 located on a side of the stationary blade fixing member 21. The first end portion 35 of the guide wall portion 33 extends from the inner wall portion of the air channel portion 19 toward the stationary blade fixing member 21 and is coupled to a suction-side end portion 11C of the stationary blade 11, located on the side of the suction opening 14, thereby forming a coupling portion. As a result, the guide groove 31 is formed between the guide wall portion 33 and the one stationary blade 11.

The third end portion 39 of the guide wall portion 33 is fixed to the inner wall portion of the air channel portion 19. As shown in FIG. 13, the coupling portion between the first end portion 35 of the guide wall portion 33 and the suction-side end portion 11C of the stationary blade 11 is shaped so as to become thinner toward the suction opening 14. As a result, the coupling portion may not become a great resistance against an air flow generated by means of rotation of the impeller 7.

Further, in this embodiment, the second end portion 37 of the guide wall portion 33 is flush with a hypothetical opening surface of the suction opening 16. In this case, the guide wall portion 33 extends from the first end portion 35 to the second end portion 37 so that the guide wall portion 33 may substantially become orthogonal to the hypothetical opening surface of the opening portion 16 or may become parallel to the rotary shaft 8. When the guide wall portion 33 is provided as described above, a resistance against an air flow, generated due to presence of the guide wall portion 33, may be further reduced. As a result, when the guide wall portion 33 as described above is provided and a plurality of lead wires are received in the guide groove, presence of the lead wires may have less adverse effect on the air volume and static pressure, and may generate less noise.

In this embodiment, a length L4 (refer to FIGs. 8 and 12) of the guide wall portion 33 extending along the stationary blade 11 is determined so as to prevent a part of an air flow generated by means of rotation of the impeller 7 from actively flowing out from the housing 3 via the through hole 27. As a result, substantially no air flows out via the through hole 27, and noise generation is reduced.

Further, air volume-static pressure characteristics were measured in both cases where the guide wall portion 33 was provided and where the guide wall portion 33 was not provided, in order to confirm effect brought about by providing the guide wall portion 33. Also, a sound pressure level was measured. Results of measurement of the air volume-static pressure characteristics are shown in FIG. 14. The measurement was made with a rotational speed of the motor fixed at 13000 rpm. As seen from FIG. 14, it was confirmed that the air volume could be more increased and the static pressure could also be more increased when the guide wall portion 33 was provided and the lead wires were received in the guide groove 31. With regard to the sound pressure level, it was confirmed that, when the sound pressure level with the lead wires received in the guide groove was defined as Lp[dB(A)], the sound pressure level with the guide wall portion 33 removed increased to Lp + 3[dB(A)]. Accordingly, it was found that when the guide wall portion 33 was provided, noise could also be reduced.

Next, a test was conducted where the number of the rotary blades 5 and the number of the stationary blades 11 were changed so as to confirm that characteristics of the axial flow fan in this embodiment are excellent. FIG. 15 shows results of measurement when the number of the rotary blades was fixed at seven and the number of the stationary blades was changed. Referring to FIG. 15, a round symbol of • shows a result when the number of the rotary blades was seven and the number of the stationary blades was eight, a triangle symbol of ▲ shows a result when the number of the rotary blades was seven and the number of the stationary blades was seven, a square symbol of ■ shows a result when the number of the rotary blades was seven and the number of the stationary blades was six, and a cross symbol of x shows a result when the number of the rotary blades was seven and the number of the stationary blades was nine. FIG. 16 shows results of measurement when the number of the rotary blades was changed and the number of stationary blades was fixed at eight. Referring to FIG. 16, a round symbol of shows a result when the number of the rotary blades was seven and the number of the stationary blades was eight, a triangle symbol of A shows a result when the number of the rotary blades was eight and the number of the stationary blades was eight, a square symbol of ■ shows a result when the number of the rotary blades was nine and the number of the stationary blades was eight, and a cross symbol of x shows a result when the number of the rotary blades was six and the number of the stationary blades was eight. As seen from FIGs. 15 and 16, both of the air volume and the static pressure increased when the number of the rotary blades 5 was seven and the number of the stationary blades 11 was eight.

Table 1 below shows results of measurement of the sound pressure level when the number of the rotary blades was fixed and the number of the stationary blades was changed, and when the number of the rotary blades was changed and the number of the stationary blades was fixed. [Table 1] Number of Blades Sound Pressure Level 7 rotary blades, 6 stationary blades Lp+-0 7 rotary blades, 7 stationary blades Lp+5 7 rotary blades, 8 stationary blades Lp 7 rotary blades, 9 stationary blades Lp+0 8 rotary blades, 8 stationary blades Lp+10 9 rotary blades, 8 stationary blades Lp+3

The sound pressure level is shown as a change in the sound pressure level when the guide wall portion 33 is removed, provided that the sound pressure level with the lead wires received in the guide groove 31 is defined as Lp[dB(A)]. More specifically, Lp + 5[dB(A)] indicates that the sound pressure level increased by 5[dB(A)] from the sound pressure level of Lp[dB(A)] when the lead wires were received in the guide groove 31. It can be seen from Table 1 that the sound pressure level increased except in cases where the numbers of the rotary blades and the stationary blades were seven and eight, respectively, and where the numbers of the rotary blades and the stationary blades were seven and six, respectively. In both cases, the sound pressure level remained unchanged.

It can be seen from the results of measurement described above that the maximum air volume may be increased, the maximum static pressure may be increased, and suction noise may also be reduced when the number of the rotary blades is seven and the number of the stationary blades is eight, as in the axial flow fan of this embodiment. A simulation confirmed that this tendency also appeared even when the shape of the rotary blades and the shape of the stationary blades were changed.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

In the axial flow fan of the present invention, the guide wall portion is provided, and the lead wires are received in the guide groove. Therefore, presence of the lead wires may have less adverse effect on the air volume and the static pressure, and may generate less noise. Accordingly, the air volume of the fan may be increased more and the static pressure of the fan may be enhanced more, compared with conventional axial flow fans, and noise generation may also be reduced.


Anspruch[en]
An axial flow fan comprising: a housing including an air channel portion having a suction opening on one side of an axial direction of a rotary shaft and a discharge opening on the other side of the axial direction; an impeller including a plurality of rotary blades that rotate within the air channel portion; a motor that causes the impeller to rotate about the rotary shaft in one rotating direction; a plurality of stationary blades disposed in the vicinity of the discharge opening of the air channel portion; and a lead wire engaging portion to engage with a plurality of lead wires connected to the motor, disposed at a wall portion surrounding the discharge opening of the air channel portion of the housing; wherein a guide wall portion is provided to form a guide groove, which receives the lead wires and guides the lead wires to the lead wire engaging portion, between the guide wall portion and one of the stationary blades, disposed in the vicinity of the lead wire engaging portion. The axial flow fan according to claim 1, wherein

the stationary blades respectively have an outside end portion fixed to an inner wall portion of the air channel portion, and an inside end portion located opposite to the outside end portion in a radial direction of the rotary shaft;

a stationary blade fixing member is disposed in a central portion of the air channel portion in the vicinity of the discharge opening, the stationary blade fixing member including a peripheral wall portion onto which the inside end portion of each of the stationary blades is fixed;

the guide wall portion includes a first end portion located on a side of the suction opening, a second end portion located on a side of the discharge opening, a third end portion located on a side of the inner wall portion of the air channel portion, and a fourth end portion located on a side of the stationary blade fixing member; and

the first end portion of the guide wall portion extends from the inner wall portion of the air channel portion toward the stationary blade fixing member, and is coupled to a suction-side end portion of the one stationary blade, located on the side of the suction opening, thereby forming the guide groove between the guide wall portion and the one stationary blade.
The axial flow fan according to claim 2, wherein the lead wire engaging portion includes: a through hole formed in the housing and disposed adjacent to the outside end portion of the one stationary blade, the through hole communicating an inside of the air channel portion with an outside of the housing; and a slit formed in the housing, communicating with the through hole, and opened toward the other side of the axial direction; and a size of the slit is determined so that the lead wires, which are received in the guide groove and go out via the through hole, do not readily get out of the slit. The axial flow fan according to claim 3, wherein

the third end portion is fixed onto the inner wall portion of the air channel portion; and

a length of the guide wall portion extending along the one stationary blade is determined so as to prevent a part of an air flow generated by means of rotation of the impeller from actively flowing out from the housing via the through hole.
The axial flow fan according to claim 2, wherein the third end portion is fixed onto the inner wall portion of the air channel portion. The axial flow fan according to claim 2 or 5, wherein a coupling portion between the first end portion and the suction-side end portion is shaped so as to become thinner toward the suction opening. The axial flow fan according to claim 2 or 5, wherein the second end portion of the guide wall portion is flush with a hypothetical opening surface of the discharge opening, and the guide wall portion extends from the first end portion to the second end portion, being substantially orthogonal to the hypothetical opening surface of the discharge opening.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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