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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1416236 24.01.2008
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001416236
Titel Entspannungsventil
Anmelder Fujikoki Corp., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Kobayashi, Kazuto, Setagaya-ku Tokyo, JP;
Watanabe, Kazuhiko, Setagaya-ku Tokyo, JP;
Yano, Masamichi, Setagaya-ku Tokyo, JP
Vertreter TER MEER STEINMEISTER & Partner GbR Patentanwälte, 33617 Bielefeld
DE-Aktenzeichen 60317999
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 15.10.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 030233118
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.05.2004
EP date of grant 12.12.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 24.01.2008
IPC-Hauptklasse F25B 41/06(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an expansion valve for controlling the flow of refrigerant supplied to an evaporator according to the temperature of the refrigerant that is equipped to an air conditioning device for automobiles and the like.

DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART

Document EP-A-0 691 517 discloses a unit type expansion valve according to the preamble of claim 1. Similar constructions are shown in EP-A-0 959 310 A2 and EP-A-0 781 970 A1 .

A further example of a conventional expansion valve is disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 2000-304381 .

The conventional expansion valve requires a large number of components such as a valve receiving member, spring, adjusting screw and the like, thereby making it difficult to reduce the size and the weight of the expansion valve.

Also, there was a possibility that disadvantage such as leaking of refrigerant from a valve chamber through the control screw area may arise.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In response to the request for reducing size and weight of the air conditioners in automobiles, the present invention aims to provide an expansion valve with simplified structure and reduced assembly process.

In order to overcome the problems mentioned above, the invention provides an expansion valve according to claim 1.

The expansion valve of the present invention is basically equipped with a valve body; a first path formed inside the valve body through which high-pressure refrigerant flows; a valve chamber with a bottom formed inside the first path; a second path formed inside the valve body parallel to the first path, through which refrigerant flowing toward an evaporator flows; an orifice member including a throttle passage that communicates the valve chamber with the second path, the orifice member being press-fitted into the valve body; a valve member disposed facing the orifice member; a third path through which refrigerant exiting the evaporator flows; an actuating rod for operating the valve member; an actuating device for driving the actuating rod; an opening formed to the valve body that communicates the third path with the actuating device; and a guide member for slidably guiding the actuating rod, the guide member being press-fitted into an opening communicating the second path with the third path of the valve body; a vibration insulating member.

Also, the inner diameter size of the opening formed to the valve body and communicating the third path with the actuating device is larger than the inner diameter size of the opening into which the guide member is press-fitted, and the inner diameter size of the opening into which the guide member is press-fitted is larger than the inner diameter size of the opening into which the orifice member is press-fitted.

Moreover, the valve member is fixed to a valve supporting member, and is further equipped with a spring provided between the valve supporting member and the bottom of the valve chamber.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the expansion valve of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a right side view of FIG. 1; and
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the vibration insulating member.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the expansion valve of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a right side view of the same.

The expansion valve denoted as a whole by reference 1 includes a square rod-shaped valve body 10 made of aluminum alloy and the like, and a first path 20 for guiding the high-pressure refrigerant provided to the valve body 10. The first path 20 is connected to a valve chamber 22 having a bottom wall, and an orifice member 40 is press-fitted and fixed to the opening of the valve chamber 22.

A spherical valve member 30 is fixed to the supporting member 32 by welding, and is disposed inside the valve chamber 22. The supportingmember 32 forces the valve member 30 toward the orifice member 40 at all times with a spring 34.

The orifice member 40 includes an opening 42 at the central portion thereof, and forms a flow path of the refrigerant between the valve member 30. A vibration insulating member 50 is fitted to the inner diameter portion of the orifice member 40 so as to prevent vibration of the valve member.

The refrigerant passing through the orifice member 40 is sent toward the evaporator through a second path 24. The refrigerant returning from the evaporator is sent towards the compressor side through a third path 26.

The end portion of the valve body 10 opposite to the valve chamber 22 is equipped with a valve member driving device (hereinafter referred to as power element) 70. Thepowerelement 70 includes a can member 72 formed by welding an upper lid 72a and a lower lid 72b together. A diaphragm 80 is interposed between the upper lid 72a and the lower lid 72b. The can body 72 is fixed to the valve body 10 via a screw portion 74, and is sealed by a sealingmember 76. A pressure chamber 82 is formed between the diaphragm 80 and the upper lid 72a. The pressure chamber 82 is filled with actuating fluid, and is sealed by a plug member 84.

A stopper member 90 is provided to the other side of the diaphragm from the pressure chamber 82. The refrigerant in the third path is lead to the rear surface of the stopper member via an opening 12. The stopper member 90 slides to follow the displacement of the diaphragm 80. The stopper member 90 grips an actuating rod 60. The other end of the actuating rod is in contact with the valve member 30. The displacement of the diaphragm 80 drives the valve member 30 through the actuating rod 60, and controls the cross-sectional area of the flow path between the valve member and the orifice member 40.

A guide member 100 press-fitted to the valve body 10 includes a step portion 110, and is fixed to the valve body 10 with its position strictly determined. A ring-shaped sealing member 120 is inserted to the inner diameter portion of the guide member 100, and is fixed by a stopper 130 such as a push nut and the like. The sealing member 120 blocks the flow of refrigerant between the second path 24 and the third path 26.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view indicating the structure of the vibration insulating member 50.

The vibration insulating member 50 includes a ring portion 52 formed by bending a metal plate having high elasticity into a circular shape, and a retaining portion 54 formed by providing a slit to the ring portion and bending the metal to the inner direction of the ring portion.

Both end portions 52a and 52b of the ring portion 52 are formed so as to overlap one another. The ring portion 52 is inserted to the inner diameter portion of the orifice member 40 in the state in which the diameter of the ring portion 52 is reduced. By utilizing the elastic force of the ring portion restoring its original diameter, the vibration insulating member 50 is positioned inside the orifice member 40.

The retaining portion 54 contacts the outer periphery of the spherical valve member 30, and restrains the vibration of the valve member 30.

In the present embodiment, three retaining portions 54 are provided. However, it is also possible to provide four retaining portions 54.

Next, the assembly procedure of the present expansion valve will be explained.

First, the supporting member 32 with the spring 34 and the valve member 30 welded thereto is inserted inside the valve chamber 22 with a bottom via the opening 12 on the side of the valve body 10 for fitting the power element 70.

Next, the assembled orifice member 40 fitted with the vibration insulating member 50 is inserted via the opening 12, and is press-fitted into the opening 16 of the valve chamber 22.

The orifice member 40 is press-fitted by using a proper press-fitting tool, and is further fixed by caulking when necessary.

Then, the guide member 100 having the actuating rod 60 inserted thereto is inserted from the opening 12, and is press-fitted to the stepped hole 14 of the valve body 10. The axial position of the guide member 100 is determined by the stepped portion 110. The guide member is further fixed by caulking, if necessary.

Finally, the assembled power element 70 is screwed onto the valve body 10 at the screw portion 74, thereby completing assembly of the expansion valve.

The expansion valve of the present invention is formed so as to have openings where the inner diameter of the opening is decreased sequentially from the opening side to which the power element is attached, and to have the hole with a bottom at the far end thereof. The present invention forms the valve chamber by mounting the valve member and the assembled orifice member to this opening, and press-fitting the assembled guide member that guides the actuating rod, so as to form the paths for the high-pressure-side refrigerant and the low-pressure-side refrigerant.

With the structure mentioned above, the number of overall components of the expansion valve can be reduced, and the required assembling time can also be reduced.


Anspruch[de]
Entspannungsventil, umfassend: einen Ventilkörper (10); einen ersten Kanal (20) innerhalb des Ventilkörpers (10), durch welchen Hochdruck-Kältemittel strömt; eine Ventilkammer (22) mit einem Boden, die innerhalb des ersten Kanals (20) ausgebildet ist; einen zweiten Kanal (24) innerhalb des Ventilkörpers (10) parallel zum ersten Kanal (20), durch welchen Kältemittel strömt, das zu einem Verdampfer fließt; einen Öffnungselement (40) mit einem Drosselkanal, der die Ventilkammer (22) mit dem zweiten Kanal (24) verbindet, welches Öffnungselement (40) in den Ventilkörper (10) eingepreßt ist; einen Ventilelement (30), das dem Öffnungselement (40) zugewandt angeordnet ist; einen dritten Kanal (26), durch welchen Kältemittel strömt, das den Verdampfer verläßt; eine Betätigungsstange (60) zur Betätigung des Ventilelements (30); eine Betätigungsvorrichtung (70) zum Antrieb der Betätigungsstange (60); eine Öffnung (12) innerhalb des Ventilkörpers (10), die den dritten Kanal (26) mit der Betätigungsvorrichtung (70) verbindet; und ein Führungselement (100) zur gleitenden Führung der Betätigungsstange (60), welches Führungselement (100) in eine Öffnung (14) eingepreßt ist, die den zweiten Kanal (24) mit dem dritten Kanal (26) des Ventilkörpers (10) verbindet, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Entspannungsventil ferner ein Vibrations-Isolationselement (50) umfaßt, welches in den inneren Durchmesserbereich des Öffnungselements (40) eingefaßt ist, welches Vibrations-Isolationselement (50) einen Ringbereich (52) umfaßt, der den inneren Durchmesserbereich des Öffnungselements (40) berührt, und einen Haltebereich (54), der den äußeren Umfang des kugelförmigen Ventilelements (30) berührt. Entspannungsventil gemäß Anspruch 1, bei welchem die Innendurchmessergröße der Öffnung (12) in dem Ventilkörper (10), die den dritten Kanal (26) mit der Betätigungsvorrichtung (70) verbindet, größer ist als die Innendurchmessergröße der Öffnung (14), in welche das Führungselement (100) eingepreßt ist, und die Innendurchmessergröße der Öffnung (16), in die das Führungselement (100) eingepreßt ist, größer ist als die Innendurchmessergröße der Öffnung (16), in die das Öffnungselement (40) eingepreßt ist. Entspannungsventil gemäß Anspruch 1, bei welchem das Ventilelement (30) an einem Ventil-Lagerelement (32) befestigt ist und ferner mit einer Feder (34) ausgestattet ist, die zwischen dem Ventil-Lagerelement (32) und dem Boden der Ventilkammer (22) vorgesehen ist.
Anspruch[en]
An expansion valve comprising: a valve body (10); a first path (20) formed inside said valve body (10) through which high-pressure refrigerant flows; a valve chamber (22) with a bottom formed inside said first path (20); a second path (24) formed inside said valve body (10) parallel to said first path (20), through which refrigerant flowing toward an evaporator flows; an orifice member (40) including a throttle passage that communicates said valve chamber (22) with said second path (24), said orifice member (40) being press-fitted into said valve body (10); a valve member (30) disposed facing said orifice member (40); a third path (26) through which refrigerant exiting said evaporator flows; an actuating rod (60) for operating said valve member (30); an actuating device (70) for driving said actuating rod (60); an opening (12) formed to said valve body (10) that communicates said third path (26) with said actuating device (70); and a guide member (100) for slidably guiding said actuating rod (60), said guide member (100) being press-fitted into an opening (14) communicating said second path (24) with said third path (26) of said valve body (10), characterized in that said expansion valve further comprises a vibration insulating member (50) which is fitted to the inner diameter portion of the orifice member (40), said vibration insulating member (50) including a ring portion (52) which contacts the inner diameter portion of the orifice member (40) and a retaining portion (54) which contacts the outer periphery of the spherical valve member (30). The expansion valve according to claim 1, wherein the inner diameter size of said opening (12) formed to said valve body (10) and communicating said third path (26) with said actuating device (70) is larger than the inner diameter size of said opening (14) into which said guide member (100) is press-fitted, and the inner diameter size of said opening (16) into which said guide member (100) is press-fitted is larger than the inner diameter size of said opening (16) into which said orifice member (40) is press-fitted. The expansion valve according to claim 1, wherein said valve member (30) is fixed to a valve supporting member (32), and is further equipped with a spring (34) provided between said valve supporting member (32) and the bottom of said valve chamber (22).
Anspruch[fr]
Soupape d'expansion, comprenant : un corps de soupape (10) ; un premier trajet (20) formé à l'intérieur dudit corps de soupape (10), à travers lequel s'écoule un réfrigérant à haute pression ; une chambre de soupape (22) avec un fond formé à l'intérieur dudit premier trajet (20) ; un deuxième trajet (24) formé à l'intérieur dudit corps de soupape (10) parallèlement audit premier trajet (20), à travers lequel s'écoule un réfrigérant s'écoulant vers un évaporateur ; un élément d'orifice (40) comprenant un passage d'étranglement qui fait communiquer ladite de chambre de soupape (22) avec ledit deuxième trajet (24), ledit élément d'orifice (40) étant adapté par pression dans ledit corps de soupape (10) ; un élément de soupape (30) disposé de façon à faire face audit élément d'orifice (40) ; un troisième trajet (26) à travers lequel s'écoule un réfrigérant sortant dudit évaporateur ; une tige d'actionnement (60) pour actionner ledit élément de soupape (30) ; un dispositif d'actionnement (70) pour entraîner ladite tige d'actionnement (60) ; une ouverture (12) formée sur ledit corps de soupape (10), qui fait communiquer ledit troisième trajet (26) avec ledit positif d'actionnement (70) ; et un élément de guidage (100) pour guider de façon coulissante ladite tige d'actionnement (60), ledit élément de guidage (100) étant adapté par pression dans une ouverture (14) faisant communiquer ledit deuxième trajet (24) avec ledit troisième trajet (26) dudit corps de soupape (10), caractérisée en ce que ladite soupape d'expansion comprend de plus un élément isolateur de vibrations (50) qui est adapté sur la partie de diamètre intérieur de l'élément d'orifice (40), ledit élément isolateur de vibrations (50) comprenant une partie annulaire (52) qui vient en contact avec la partie de diamètre intérieur de l'élément d'orifice (40) et une partie de maintien (54) qui vient en contact avec la périphérie extérieure de l'élément de soupape sphérique (30). Soupape d'expansion selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la taille de diamètre intérieur de ladite ouverture (12) formée sur ledit corps de soupape (10) et faisant communiquer ledit troisième trajet (26) avec ledit dispositif d'actionnement (70) est supérieure à la taille de diamètre intérieur de ladite ouverture (14) dans laquelle est adapté par pression ledit élément de guidage (100), et la taille de diamètre intérieur de ladite ouverture (16) dans laquelle est adapté par pression ledit élément de guidage (100) est supérieure à la taille de diamètre intérieur de ladite ouverture (16) dans laquelle est adapté par pression ledit élément d'orifice. Soupape d'expansion selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit élément de soupape (30) est fixé à un élément de support de soupape (32), et est de plus équipé d'un ressort (34) disposé entre ledit élément de support de soupape (32) et le fond de ladite chambre de soupape (22).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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